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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29151280/oral-nutritional-supplementation-in-patients-undergoing-peritoneal-dialysis-a-randomised-crossover-pilot-study
#1
Karen M Salamon, Kelly Lambert
BACKGROUND: Malnutrition is a significant problem in those undergoing peritoneal dialysis (PD). Factors such as gastrointestinal (GI) symptoms and the need for a fluid reduced diet can limit tolerance and thereby the efficacy of oral nutritional supplements to treat malnutrition. OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the acceptability and impact of two different forms of oral nutrition supplementation for 16 weeks on nutritional markers and quality of life of malnourished patients undergoing PD...
November 19, 2017: Journal of Renal Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29151248/adiponectin-and-vitamin-d-binding-protein-are-independently-associated-at-birth-in-both-mothers-and-neonates
#2
Spyridon N Karras, Stergios Α Polyzos, Danforth A Newton, Carol L Wagner, Bruce W Hollis, Jody van den Ouweland, Erdinc Dursun, Duygu Gezen-Ak, Kalliopi Kotsa, Cedric Annweiler, Declan P Naughton
CONTEXT: Adult body fat is associated with birth anthropometry, suggesting a role for metabolic regulators including vitamin D and the adipokines-adiponectin and irisin-which have been reported to interact but, as yet, data remain controversial. OBJECTIVE: To study (i) the relationship between vitamin D, its binding protein (VDBP) and the adipokines, adiponectin, and irisin in mothers and neonates at birth and (ii) their effects on neonate anthropometric outcomes...
November 18, 2017: Endocrine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29151198/high-substance-use-and-hiv-risk-behavior-among-young-argentine-men-who-have-sex-with-men
#3
Iván C Balán, Timothy Frasca, María A Pando, Rubén O Marone, Victoria Barreda, Curtis Dolezal, Alex Carballo-Diéguez, María M Ávila
In the United States young men who have sex with men have higher rates of substance use, higher HIV incidence, and less frequent HIV testing than their heterosexual counterparts and older MSM. Less is known about comparable populations in Latin America. As part of an epidemiological study, MSM were recruited through Respondent Driven Sampling in the metropolitan area of Buenos Aires, Argentina and answered a computerized behavioral survey. From the total of 500 MSM enrolled, a sub-sample of 233 aged 18-25 was analyzed...
November 18, 2017: AIDS and Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29151190/elucidation-of-functional-chemical-groups-responsible-of-compost-phytotoxicity-using-solid-state-13-c-nmr-spectroscopy-under-different-initial-c-n-ratios
#4
Khalid Azim, Youssef Faissal, Brahim Soudi, Claude Perissol, Sevastianos Roussos, Imane Thami Alami
More than 1 million tons of fresh organic wastes is produced in the Souss-Massa region in Morocco. Tomato organic residues represent more than 25% of the total organic wastes and are deposited in uncontrolled landfills. Thus, composting can represent a valuable and pertinent solution to this environmental problem. The objectives of this experiment are to identify the potential functional groups responsible for compost phytotoxicity and to determine the optimum initial carbon to nitrogen ratio (C/N) for maximum recovery of tomato residues...
November 19, 2017: Environmental Science and Pollution Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29151181/screening-hcv-genotype-specific-epitope-peptides-based-on-conserved-sequence-analysis-and-b-cell-epitope-prediction-in-hcv-e2-region
#5
Rui Hua, Xiaoyu Jiang, Lingxia Qi, Shanshan Guan, Ziyu Kuai, Yongbo Qiao, Yan Xu, Xin Gong, Yuhua Shi, Wei Kong, Junqi Niu, Hao Zhang, Yaming Shan
The high mutation rate of the hepatitis C virus (HCV) genome increases the genotype diversity and renders the detection of the virus more difficult. Therefore, prediction and assessment of highly conserved and strongly antigenic epitope polypeptide sequences have become a focus of current research. The E2 region is the target binding region of neutralizing antibodies. HCV genomics, especially the high mutation rate of E2 region sequence, makes its genotyping more and more diverse, and the detection of HCV and genotype is becoming more and more strict...
November 18, 2017: Immunologic Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29151179/comparison-of-three-analgesic-drug-regimens-with-twelfth-subcostal-nerve-block-for-pain-control-during-extracorporeal-shock-wave-lithotripsy
#6
Miguel Maldonado-Avila, Leopoldo Mateo Garduño-Arteaga, Roberto Alejandro Vela-Mollinedo, Jorge Jaspersen-Gastelum, Francisco Virgen-Gutierrez, Marcos Del Rosario-Santiago, Victor Rios-Davila
INTRODUCTION AND OBJECTIVE: Extracorporeal shock wave lithotripsy (ESWL) is the first-line treatment in the majority of cases of upper urinary tract stones. Since its introduction, attempts have been made to establish the ideal accompanying analgesic method to enable the application of shock waves of adequate duration and intensity for efficacious stone fragmentation. An open, randomized, prospective, longitudinal, comparative, and experimental clinical study was conducted to evaluate the efficacy of subcostal nerve block with lidocaine, comparing it in combination with tramadol or diclofenac for pain control during ESWL...
November 18, 2017: International Urology and Nephrology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29151153/-2e-6z-9z-2-6-9-pentadecatrienal-as-a-male-produced-aggregation-sex-pheromone-of-the-cerambycid-beetle-elaphidion-mucronatum
#7
Jocelyn G Millar, Robert F Mitchell, Linnea R Meier, Todd D Johnson, Judith A Mongold-Diers, Lawrence M Hanks
An increasing body of evidence suggests that the volatile pheromones of cerambycid beetles are much more diverse in structure than previously hypothesized. Here, we describe the identification, synthesis, and field testing of (2E,6Z,9Z)-2,6,9-pentadecatrienal as a male-produced aggregation-sex pheromone of the cerambycid Elaphidion mucronatum (Say) (subfamily Cerambycinae, tribe Elaphidiini). This novel structure is unlike any previously described cerambycid pheromone, and in field bioassays attracted only this species...
November 18, 2017: Journal of Chemical Ecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29151146/mapping-and-confirmation-of-loci-for-salt-tolerance-in-a-novel-soybean-germplasm-fiskeby-iii
#8
Tuyen D Do, Tri D Vuong, David Dunn, Scotty Smothers, Gunvant Patil, Dennis C Yungbluth, Pengyin Chen, Andrew Scaboo, Dong Xu, Thomas E Carter, Henry T Nguyen, J Grover Shannon
The confirmation of a major locus associated with salt tolerance and mapping of a new locus, which could be beneficial for improving salt tolerance in soybean. Breeding soybean for tolerance to high salt conditions is important in some regions of the USA and world. Soybean cultivar Fiskeby III (PI 438471) in maturity group 000 has been reported to be highly tolerant to multiple abiotic stress conditions, including salinity. In this study, a mapping population of 132 F2 families derived from a cross of cultivar Williams 82 (PI 518671, moderately salt sensitive) and Fiskeby III (salt tolerant) was analyzed to map salt tolerance genes...
November 18, 2017: TAG. Theoretical and Applied Genetics. Theoretische und Angewandte Genetik
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29151141/mechanical-perturbations-can-elicit-triggered-reactions-in-the-absence-of-a-startle-response
#9
Christopher J Forgaard, Ian M Franks, Kimberly Bennett, Dana Maslovat, Romeo Chua
Perturbations delivered to the upper limbs elicit reflexive responses in stretched muscle at short- (M1: 25-50 ms) and long- (M2: 50-100 ms) latencies. When presented in a simple reaction time (RT) task, the perturbation can also elicit a preprogrammed voluntary response at a latency (< 100 ms) that overlaps the M2 response. This early appearance of the voluntary response following a proprioceptive stimulus causing muscle stretch is called a triggered reaction. Recent work has demonstrated that a perturbation also elicits activity in sternocleidomastoid (SCM) over a time-course consistent with the startle response and it was, therefore, proposed that the StartReact effect underlies triggered reactions (Ravichandran et al...
November 18, 2017: Experimental Brain Research. Experimentelle Hirnforschung. Expérimentation Cérébrale
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29151136/whole-milk-consumption-and-risk-of-cardiovascular-disease-and-mortality-isfahan-cohort-study
#10
Mohammad Talaei, Naeimeh Hosseini, Rob M van Dam, Masoumeh Sadeghi, Shahram Oveisgharan, Minoo Dianatkhah, Nizal Sarrafzadegan
BACKGROUND: The association between milk intake and cardiovascular disease (CVD) and mortality risk is still controversial but data from Middle-Eastern populations are scarce. We aimed to study these associations in an Iranian population. METHODS: We used the Isfahan Cohort Study, a population-based prospective study of 6504 adult Iranians. In this analysis, we included 5432 participants free of CVD at baseline with at least one follow-up. Data on whole milk intake and other dietary factors were collected by a food frequency questionnaire at baseline...
November 18, 2017: European Journal of Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29151109/reporting-of-randomized-trials-in-common-cancers-in-the-lay-media
#11
Domen Ribnikar, Hadar Goldvaser, Alberto Ocana, Arnoud J Templeton, Bostjan Seruga, Eitan Amir
BACKGROUND: Limited data exist about the role of the lay media in the dissemination of results of randomized controlled trials (RCTs) in common cancers. METHODS: Completed phase III RCTs evaluating new drugs in common cancers between January 2005 and October 2016 were identified from ClinicalTrials.gov. Lay media reporting was identified by searching LexisNexis Academic. Scientific reporting was defined as presentation at an academic conference or publication in full...
November 18, 2017: Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29151059/genome-wide-association-study-of-telomere-length-among-south-asians-identifies-a-second-rtel1-association-signal
#12
Dayana A Delgado, Chenan Zhang, Lin S Chen, Jianjun Gao, Shantanu Roy, Justin Shinkle, Mekala Sabarinathan, Maria Argos, Lin Tong, Alauddin Ahmed, Tariqul Islam, Muhammad Rakibuz-Zaman, Golam Sarwar, Hasan Shahriar, Mahfuzar Rahman, Mohammad Yunus, Farzana Jasmine, Muhammad G Kibriya, Habibul Ahsan, Brandon L Pierce
BACKGROUND: Leucocyte telomere length (TL) is a potential biomarker of ageing and risk for age-related disease. Leucocyte TL is heritable and shows substantial differences by race/ethnicity. Recent genome-wide association studies (GWAS) report ~10 loci harbouring SNPs associated with leucocyte TL, but these studies focus primarily on populations of European ancestry. OBJECTIVE: This study aims to enhance our understanding of genetic determinants of TL across populations...
November 18, 2017: Journal of Medical Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29151045/the-physical-and-mental-health-problems-of-refugee-and-migrant-fathers-findings-from-an-australian-population-based-study-of-children-and-their-families
#13
Rebecca Giallo, Elisha Riggs, Claire Lynch, Dannielle Vanpraag, Jane Yelland, Josef Szwarc, Philippa Duell-Piening, Lauren Tyrell, Sue Casey, Stephanie Janne Brown
OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to report on the physical and mental health of migrant and refugee fathers participating in a population-based study of Australian children and their families. DESIGN: Cross-sectional survey data drawn from a population-based longitudinal study when children were aged 4-5 years. SETTING: Population-based study of Australian children and their families. PARTICIPANTS: 8137 fathers participated in the study when their children were aged 4-5 years...
November 17, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29151040/meningoencephalitis-in-a-royal-marine-after-skinning-reindeer-in-norway
#14
Christopher A Pollard, D S Burns, B Ho, A McD Johnston
Meningoencephalitis presenting in service personnel overseas may present a diagnostic challenge due to the broad range of potential differential diagnosis as well as the requirement for rapid assessment and treatment. A 25-year-old Royal Marine was evacuated to the Royal Centre for Defence Medicine in Birmingham, UK, with a history of rash consistent with erythema chronicum migrans, a seizure, and lymphocytic pleocytosis after skinning reindeer in Norway. Neuroborreliosis was suspected and empirical antibiotics were administered...
November 18, 2017: Journal of the Royal Army Medical Corps
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29151036/combination-therapy-is-superior-to-sequential-monotherapy-for-the-initial-treatment-of-hypertension-a-double-blind-randomized-controlled-trial
#15
Thomas M MacDonald, Bryan Williams, David J Webb, Steve Morant, Mark Caulfield, J Kennedy Cruickshank, Ian Ford, Peter Sever, Isla S Mackenzie, Sandosh Padmanabhan, Gerald P McCann, Jackie Salsbury, Gordon McInnes, Morris J Brown
BACKGROUND: Guidelines for hypertension vary in their preference for initial combination therapy or initial monotherapy, stratified by patient profile; therefore, we compared the efficacy and tolerability of these approaches. METHODS AND RESULTS: We performed a 1-year, double-blind, randomized controlled trial in 605 untreated patients aged 18 to 79 years with systolic blood pressure (BP) ≥150 mm Hg or diastolic BP ≥95 mm Hg. In phase 1 (weeks 0-16), patients were randomly assigned to initial monotherapy (losartan 50-100 mg or hydrochlorothiazide 12...
November 18, 2017: Journal of the American Heart Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29151032/elevated-baseline-serum-fibrinogen-effect-on-2-year-major-adverse-cardiovascular-events-following-percutaneous-coronary-intervention
#16
Lawrence Ang, Omid Behnamfar, Samhita Palakodeti, Felice Lin, Ali Pourdjabbar, Mitul P Patel, Ryan R Reeves, Ehtisham Mahmud
BACKGROUND: Elevated fibrinogen is associated with short-term major adverse cardiovascular events (MACE) after percutaneous coronary intervention, but the relation with late MACE is unknown. METHODS AND RESULTS: Baseline demographics and 2-year MACE were recorded among subjects undergoing nonemergent percutaneous coronary intervention. A total of 332 subjects (66.6±19.5 years, 69.9% male, 25.3% acute coronary syndrome) were enrolled. Two-year MACE (periprocedural myocardial infarction 9...
November 18, 2017: Journal of the American Heart Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29151013/decreasing-the-incidence-of-surgical-site-infections-following-joint-replacement-surgery
#17
Lorraine Hutzler, Jarrett Williams
OBJECTIVE: Despite the generalized use of prophylactic antibiotics in orthopaedic surgery, Surgical Site Infections (SSIs) are still a major source of morbidity, mortality, and hospital cost. This is due in part to the increasing prevalence of antibiotic resistant organisms. METHODS: A review of local epidemiology, the importance of an antibiotic stewardship program, patient optimization, and risk stratification options to reduce SSIs. RESULTS: The proportion of revisions due to infection is projected to rise rapidly over the next 25 years...
December 2017: Bulletin of the Hospital for Joint Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29151004/differentiation-of-wood-derived-vanillin-from-synthetic-vanillin-in-distillates-using-gc-c-irms-for-%C3%AE-13-c-analysis
#18
Katryna A van Leeuwen, Paul D Prenzler, Danielle Ryan, Mauro Paolini, Federica Camin
RATIONALE: Typical storage in oak barrels release in distillates different degradation products such as vanillin, which play an important role in their flavour and aroma. The addition of vanillin, as well as other aroma compounds, of different origin is prohibited by European laws. As vanillin samples from different sources have different δ(13) C values, the δ(13) C value could be used to determine whether the vanillin is authentic (lignin-derived), or if it has been added from another source (e...
November 18, 2017: Rapid Communications in Mass Spectrometry: RCM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29150990/prevalence-of-dry-eye-disease-and-its-association-with-dyslipidemia
#19
Krishnamoorthy Rathnakumar, Kaliaperumal Ramachandran, Durairaj Baba, Venkatachalam Ramesh, Velusamy Anebaracy, Ramachandran Vidhya, Rajamanickam Vinothkumar, Ramamurthy Poovitha, Rajagopalan Geetha
BACKGROUND: Dry eye disease (DED) is a common ocular surface disease significantly affecting the quality of life of patients. The aim of our study is to focus on the prevalence of DED and to determine the relationship between dyslipidemia and DED. METHODS: The study was performed with the age group of 25-70 years, who attended the ophthalmology outpatient department at Sri Lakshmi Narayana Institute of Medical Sciences with complaints of dry eye. A standard questionnaire was taken, and tear film tests were performed to diagnose dry eye...
November 18, 2017: Journal of Basic and Clinical Physiology and Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29150988/patterns-and-correlates-of-grip-strength-in-older-americans
#20
Kimberly Forrest, Adelle Williams, Marcy Leeds, Joseph Robare, Thomas Bechard
BACKGROUND: Muscle strength is a sensitive indicator of morbidity and mortality in older adults. Loss of muscle strength contributes to a decline in physical functioning. Hand grip strength is a simple measurement but correlated with total body muscle strength. This study evaluated the patterns and correlates of grip strength among older adults in the United States. METHODS: The grip strength data were analyzed from the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey...
November 16, 2017: Current Aging Science
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