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Lichen sclerosus vulva

A R Palumbo, C Fasolino, G Santoro, V Gargano, M Rinaldi, B Arduino, M Belli, M Guida
Vulvar and vaginal atrophy (VVA), is a chronic medical condition experienced by postmenopausal women, with prevalence estimated ranging from 10% to 50% [1]. VVA is characterized by a constellation of symptoms, that may affect daily activities, sexuality, relationships, and quality of life [3]. Early recognition and effective treatment of VVA may enhance sexual health and the quality of life of women and their partners. Some vulvar conditions such as lichen sclerosus are more prevalent in the postmenopausal years...
November 2016: Translational Medicine @ UniSa
Lisa R Edwards, Emily D Privette, James W Patterson, Georgi Tchernev, Anastasiya Atanasova Chokoeva, Uwe Wollina, Torello Lotti, Barbara B Wilson
A 67-year-old woman presented with a firm plaque in the perineal region, 16 months after diagnosis of a high-grade basaloid squamous cell carcinoma of the vagina and treatment by external beam radiation therapy and vaginal cuff brachytherapy. The differential diagnosis included radiation-induced morphea, radiation dermatitis, or, possibly, radiation-induced lichen sclerosus. Biopsy findings, including special staining, confirmed the diagnosis of radiation-induced lichen sclerosus. To our knowledge, this is the first report of radiation-induced lichen sclerosus of the vulvar region...
November 10, 2016: Wiener Medizinische Wochenschrift
Jonathan J Davick, Megan Samuelson, James T Krone, Colleen K Stockdale
Women with vulvar lichen sclerosus (LS) have an increased risk of developing differentiated vulvar intraepithelial neoplasia and vulvar squamous cell carcinoma (SCC). Our primary aim was to determine the prevalence of LS among women with vulvar SCC. All patients who underwent excision for invasive SCC of the vulva from January 1, 2009 to December 31, 2013 were identified by searching our institution's electronic laboratory information system (n=111). The vulvar excision specimens from these patients were reviewed for the presence of adjacent LS...
October 31, 2016: International Journal of Gynecological Pathology
Dimitrios Haidopoulos, George Bakolas, Lina Michala
UNLABELLED: Turner syndrome (TS) has been linked to a number of autoimmune conditions, including lichen sclerosus (LS), at an estimated prevalence of 17%. LS is a known precursor to vulvar cancer. We present a case of vulvar cancer in a 44-year-old woman, who had previously complained of pruritus in the area, a known symptom of LS. Histology confirmed a squamous cell carcinoma with underlying LS. Vulvar assessment for the presence of LS should be undertaken regularly as part of the routine assessments proposed for adult TS women...
2016: Endocrinology, Diabetes & Metabolism Case Reports
Marieke Brauer, Rik H W van Lunsen, Ellen T M Laan, Matthé P M Burger
INTRODUCTION: Lichen sclerosus (LS) of the vulva can profoundly affect sexual interaction because of painful fissures and narrowing of the vaginal introitus. Successful surgical treatment is usually defined as restoration of (pain-free) penetrative sexual activity. AIMS: To evaluate the impact of surgery on (dyadic) sexual functioning and pleasure and psychological well-being. METHODS: Nineteen women with anogenital LS participated in audiotaped, qualitative, individual interviews after surgery to re-enable sexual intercourse...
July 2016: Journal of Sexual Medicine
Lien N Hoang, Kay J Park, Robert A Soslow, Rajmohan Murali
Growing evidence has established two major types of vulvar intraepithelial neoplasia (VIN), which correspond to two distinct oncogenic pathways to vulvar squamous cell carcinoma (VSCC). While the incidence of VSCC has remained relatively stable over the last three decades, the incidence of VIN has increased. VIN of usual type (uVIN) is human papillomavirus (HPV)-driven, affects younger women and is a multicentric disease. In contrast, VIN of differentiated type (dVIN) occurs in post-menopausal women and develops independent of HPV infection...
June 2016: Pathology
Susan M Bigby, Lois J Eva, Kah Leng Fong, Ronald W Jones
Squamous cell carcinoma of the vulva (SCCV) develops through either human papillomavirus (HPV)-dependent or HPV-independent pathways. Approximately 60% of SCCV arise independently of HPV, commonly in a background of an inflammatory dermatosis, particularly lichen sclerosus. The likely direct precursor to most of these lesions is vulvar intraepithelial neoplasia (VIN), differentiated type (dVIN), although the evidence is largely circumstantial. There are few reports of progression to carcinoma, and the natural history of this pathway is not well understood...
November 2016: International Journal of Gynecological Pathology
Matthé P M Burger, Miryam C Obdeijn
INTRODUCTION: The objective of this study was to analyse complications after surgical intervention on the vulva, especially with grafting of the vaginal epithelium, for the relief of dyspareunia in women with lichen sclerosus. MATERIAL AND METHODS: A case series of 23 women with histologically confirmed lichen sclerosus who underwent vulvar surgery because of disabling sexual dysfunction. Surgical care was provided in a university hospital (tertiary referral center) between 2008 and 2012...
April 2016: Acta Obstetricia et Gynecologica Scandinavica
G L Liu, F L Cao, M Y Zhao, J Shi, S H Liu
In this study, we aimed to explore the associations between HLA-A\B\DRB1 polymorphisms and the risks of vulvar lichen sclerosus (VLS) or squamous cell hyperplasia of the vulva (SCHV) in Han Chinese women. We enrolled 76 Han Chinese women with VLS (Group A), 74 with SCHV (Group B), and 66 healthy women (control group) in this study. Polymerase chain reaction amplification with sequence specific primers (PCR-SSP) was used to determine HLA-A\B\DRB1 polymorphisms. Compared with the control group, HLA-A*11, -B*15, and -DRB1*12 were present at a higher frequency in groups A and B, while HLA-B*13 was present at a higher frequency in group A...
2015: Genetics and Molecular Research: GMR
Russell Ball, Katherine M Ball, Jason Reutter
In recent years, there have been many changes in the classification scheme for squamous lesions of the vulva; this is primarily due to the assimilation of new scientific information into the diagnostic terminology. For example, over the past 75 years we have realized that precancerous and cancerous lesions of the vulva may be induced by a variety of preconditions, which are typically divided into human papillomavirus (HPV) and non-HPV precursor lesions. The latter include several dermatoses, especially lichen sclerosus and lichen planus...
December 2015: Seminars in Cutaneous Medicine and Surgery
Mingzhu Ye, Xinliang Deng, Saiping Mao, Min Xue
OBJECTIVE: This paper investigates the effectiveness of high-intensity focused ultrasound (HIFU) for treating non-neoplastic epithelial disorders of the vulva (NNEDV) and to analyse the factors that affect the effectiveness of HIFU and recurrence. METHODS: This study included a total of 950 patients with pathologically confirmed NNEDV, who underwent HIFU treatment in our hospital between August 2008 and June 2013 and had completed follow-up data. Treatment efficacy and recurrence were evaluated retrospectively by analysing the patients' clinical pathological data and by following up their symptomatic changes...
2015: International Journal of Hyperthermia
In Hyuk Kwon, Heesang Kye, Soo Hong Seo, Hyo Hyun Ahn, Young Chul Kye, Jae Eun Choi
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 2015: Annals of Dermatology
Charles A P Godoy, Walcy R Teodoro, Ana Paula P Velosa, Ana Lucia Garippo, Esmeralda Miristeni Eher, Edwin Roger Parra, Mirian N Sotto, Vera L Capelozzi
OBJECTIVES: The vulva is the primary site affected in lichen sclerosus, a chronic dermatosis in women that is histologically characterized by a zone of collagen remodeling in the superior dermis. The normal physiological properties of the vulva depend on the assembly of collagen types I (COLI), III (COLIII) and V (COLV), which form heterotypic fibers, and extracellular matrix protein interactions. COLV regulates the heterotypic fiber diameter, and the preservation of its properties is important for maintaining normal tissue architecture and function...
May 2015: Clinics
A Ganovska, S Kovachev, A Nikolov
UNLABELLED: Lichen sclerosus (LS) is a chronic skin disease of the vulva which affects mostly women in the postmenopausal period. The disease affects also men and children. Its frequency is from 1/70 up to 1/1000, whereas for women it is 10 times more frequently. The disease has unknown etiology. Due to the high frequency of accompanying, autoimmune diseases, it is presumed that this disease is a result of immunological processes. Some of patients diagnosed with LS have vulvar intraepithelial neoplasia, while 0...
2014: Akusherstvo i Ginekologii︠a︡
Hope K Haefner, Nely Z Aldrich, Vanessa K Dalton, Hélène M Gagné, Stephanie B Marcus, Divya A Patel, Mitchell B Berger
BACKGROUND: Lichen sclerosus (LS) is a chronic inflammatory condition that is known to arise on the vulva. Many women with LS report vulvar pain, often affecting a patient's quality of life. In this study, the sexual function of LS patients, with and without pain, was compared to control populations. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A case-control study to examine the relationship between LS and sexual dysfunction was conducted. A total of 335 women presenting to the gynecology clinic were included in the study: 197 women with biopsy confirmed LS were compared to two control groups (95 asymptomatic women were "healthy" controls and 43 women had vulvovaginal candidiasis) on self-reported current health complaints, medical and surgical history and current symptoms such as pain and itching, type and frequency of sexual activity, and satisfaction with sexual activity...
September 2014: Journal of Women's Health
M Ruhul Quddus, C James Sung, Rochelle A Simon, W Dwayne Lawrence
Localized primary cutaneous amyloidosis is uncommon in Europe and North America and is infrequently reported in the English literature. The constituents of such deposits have not been previously examined; this series characterizes amyloid deposits in localized vulvar amyloidosis and their association with vulvar intraepithelial neoplasia. All biopsies and excisions of vulva over 18 months were reviewed. Cases with suspected amyloidosis were retrieved after institutional review board approval. Twenty cases mimicking amyloidosis were selected as controls...
October 2014: Human Pathology
Micheline Moyal-Barracco, Jeanne Wendling
Vulvar dermatoses are inflammatory conditions responsible for chronic or recurrent itching and soreness. The lesions are either circumscribed to the vulva or associated with extragenital localizations which may help to assess the diagnosis. They should be differentiated from infectious or neoplastic diseases which may have clinical similarities. As opposed to the majority of all dermatoses that have a benign and regular course, lichen sclerosus or lichen planus could exceptionally foster the occurrence of an epithelial cancer precursor which may evolve to squamous cell carcinoma...
October 2014: Best Practice & Research. Clinical Obstetrics & Gynaecology
Tomasz Biniszkiewicz, Anita Olejek, Iwona Kozak-Darmas, Aleksander Sieroń
BACKGROUND: Lichen sclerosus (LS) is a rarely diagnosed, chronic inflammatory skin and mucosal condition. Its therapy is difficult and frequently not satisfactory. The data on photodynamic therapy (PDT) of vulva are promising but scanty. The aim of our study was to evaluate the therapeutic efficacy of photodynamic therapy in genital LS in women. METHODS: Twenty-four patients with clinical and histopathological diagnosis of lichen sclerosus accompanied with chronic vulvar itching, lasting between 3 months and 11 years, with human papillomavirus (HPV), bacterial and mycotic infections excluded, received three to six PDT cycles (180J, 700mW/cm(2)) in 14 days long intervals...
June 2005: Photodiagnosis and Photodynamic Therapy
G T Li, S Z Guo, Y J Liu, B Yang
OBJECTIVE: To determine the relationship between vulvar non-neoplastic epithelial disorder and thymus-dependent lymphyocyte levels and lipid peroxidation. MATERIALS AND METHODS: the authors measured the levels of CD3+, CD4+, CD8+, CD16+ T cell, and the concentration of superoxide dismutase (SOD) and malondialdehyde (MDA) in the blood of 62 patients with vulvar non-neoplastic epithelial disorder. A control group consisted of 30 normal women from the present hospitals...
2014: Clinical and Experimental Obstetrics & Gynecology
M Pešek, J Bouda
Lichen sclerosus (LS) belongs to frequent non-neoplastic epithelial disorders of the vulva. LS is a disease of unknown ethiology, affecting mainly postmenopausal women. LS has a typical macroscopic pattern, and it is characterized with an intensive pruritus and dyspareunia. Patients with LS have a risk of scarring of external genitalia and risk of developing squamous cell carcinoma of the vulva (4-5%). Treatment of LS is usually long-term, repeated, and it is based on local potent corticosteroids. Frequent reccurences require repeated therapy...
January 2014: Ceská Gynekologie
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