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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28647966/-prevalence-of-diabetes-mellitus-and-associated-risk-factors-in-uygur-population-in-kashgar-area-of-xinjiang-uygur-autonomous-region
#1
Z B Zhang, Z X Xue, H Wang, T M Wang, Y H Li, X L Song, X F Chao, G Wang, X J Wu, Nurmamat Nazibam, Bawudun Ayxamgul, Elyas Gulbahar, Z Y Zhou, B S Sun, Y Z Wang, M Wang
Objective: To investigate the epidemiologic characteristics of diabetes mellitus (DM) in Uygur residents in Kashgar of Xinjiang. Methods: The survey was conducted among the Uygur residents aged ≥18 years selected through stratified cluster sampling in Kashgar by means of questionnaire survey, physical examination and basic laboratory test. The prevalence of different groups were calculated and risk factors of DM was analyzed by logistic vegression model. Results: A total of 4 608 adults were surveyed. The prevalence of DM was 11...
June 10, 2017: Zhonghua Liu Xing Bing Xue za Zhi, Zhonghua Liuxingbingxue Zazhi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28647947/continuous-glucose-monitoring-in-pediatrics-the-gap-between-potential-benefits-and-the-reality-of-utility
#2
Regina L Taddeo, Joanne T Moser, Pantea P Minnock
Continuous Glucose Monitoring (CGM) is rapidly becoming a standard of care in the management of Type 1 diabetes (T1D). Today's devices are nearly as accurate as home glucose meters. They provide glucose data every 5 minutes, alert to high and low blood glucose levels, and allow for remote monitoring of a user's glucose data and patterns. Use of CGM has many benefits including support for tighter glycemic control without increasing the risk for hypoglycemia. There is however emerging evidence of some negative aspects associated with using CGM, which may result in decreased utilization of the device as well as a decline in quality of life, especially in the pediatric population...
June 2017: Pediatric Endocrinology Reviews: PER
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28647919/role-of-sglt2-inhibitors-in-patients-with-diabetes-mellitus-and-heart-failure
#3
REVIEW
Frederik H Verbrugge
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: This review aims to summarize the evidence on cardiovascular risks and benefits of glucose-lowering drugs in diabetic patients, with a particular focus on the role of sodium-glucose transporter-2 (SGLT-2) inhibitors and their promising potential as a heart failure treatment. RECENT FINDINGS: The SGLT-2 inhibitor empagliflozin has emerged as the first glucose-lowering drug to lower cardiovascular mortality in diabetes with an unprecedented 38% relative risk reduction...
June 24, 2017: Current Heart Failure Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28647528/the-linkage-between-nutrient-supply-intracellular-enzyme-abundances-and-bacterial-growth-new-evidences-from-the-central-carbon-metabolism-of-corynebacterium-glutamicum
#4
Stephan Noack, Raphael Voges, Jochem Gätgens, Wolfgang Wiechert
Corynebacterium glutamicum serves as important production host for small molecular compounds that are derived from precursor molecules of the central carbon metabolism. It is therefore a well-studied model organism of industrial biotechnology. However, a deeper understanding of the regulatory principles underlying the synthesis of central metabolic enzymes under different environmental conditions as well as its impact on cell growth is still missing. We studied enzyme abundances in C. glutamicum in response to growth on: i) one limiting carbon source by sampling chemostat and fed-batch cultivations and ii) changing carbon sources provided in excess by sampling batch cultivations...
June 21, 2017: Journal of Biotechnology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28647373/salusin-%C3%AE-mediates-high-glucose-induced-endothelial-injury-via-disruption-of-ampk-signaling-pathway
#5
Xuexue Zhu, Yuetao Zhou, Weiwei Cai, Haijian Sun, Liying Qiu
The dysregulated proliferation, migration, apoptosis and angiogenesis of endothelial cells are involved in diabetic endothelial dysfunction. The circulating salusin-β levels were increased in diabetic patients, and salusin-β contributes to diabetic cardiomyopathy in rats. However, the roles of salusin-β in diabetes mellitus-induced endothelial dysfunction are not fully understood. Herein, we demonstrated the increased expressions of salusin-β in human umbilical vein endothelial cells (HUVECs) cultured in HG medium...
June 21, 2017: Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28647370/oleanolic-acid-prevents-cartilage-degeneration-in-diabetic-mice-via-ppar%C3%AE-associated-mitochondrial-stabilization
#6
Xia Kang, Zhikui Yang, Jun Sheng, Jin-Biao Liu, Qing-Yun Xie, Wei Zheng, Ken Chen
Hyperglycemia-induced cartilage degeneration induces osteoarthritis (OA). Since oleanolic acid (OLA) have several pharmacological effects such as anti-inflammatory, anti-oxidant, we hypothesized it possesses protection against high glucose injured cartilage. We now report that OLA decreased type X collagen and reversed the cartilage degeneration in growth plate from db/db mice. OLA increased type Ⅱ collagen expression in a concentration-dependent manner (10-50 μΜ) in high glucose-treated chondrocytes. OLA prevented the high glucose induced cell injury and decreased the level of MMP-13, PGE2 and IL-6 due to decreasing mitochondrial membrane potential and stimulated the ATP production...
June 21, 2017: Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28647293/dynapenic-obesity-as-an-associated-factor-to-lipid-and-glucose-metabolism-disorders-and-metabolic-syndrome-in-older-adults%C3%A2-%C3%A2-findings-from-sabe-study
#7
Tiago da Silva Alexandre, Mylène Aubertin-Leheudre, Lívia Pinheiro Carvalho, Roberta de Oliveira Máximo, Ligiana Pires Corona, Tábatta Renata Pereira de Brito, Daniella Pires Nunes, Jair Licio Ferreira Santos, Yeda Aparecida de Oliveira Duarte, Maria Lúcia Lebrão
BACKGROUND & AIMS: There is little evidence showing that dynapenic obesity is associated with lipid and glucose metabolism disorders, high blood pressure, chronic disease and metabolic syndrome. Our aim was to analyze whether dynapenic abdominal obesity can be associated with lipid and glucose metabolism disorders, high blood pressure, metabolic syndrome and cardiovascular diseases in older adults living in São Paulo. METHODS: This cross-sectional study included 833 older adults who took part of the third wave of the Health, Well-being and Aging Study in 2010...
June 10, 2017: Clinical Nutrition: Official Journal of the European Society of Parenteral and Enteral Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28647266/synthesis-of-a-novel-illite-carbon-nanocomposite-adsorbent-for-removal-of-cr-vi-from-wastewater
#8
Gaofeng Wang, Shan Wang, Wen Sun, Zhiming Sun, Shuilin Zheng
A novel illite@carbon (I@C) nanocomposite adsorbent has been synthesized via a facile hydrothermal carbonization process (HTC) using glucose as carbonaceous source and illite as the carrier. The morphology, microstructure and surface properties of the prepared nanocomposite adsorbent were analyzed by FESEM, TGA, XRD, FT-IR and Zeta potential measurements. Batch experiments were carried out on the adsorption of Cr(VI) to determine the adsorption properties of the composite. The adsorption of Cr(VI) onto the I@C nanocomposite was well described by the pseudo-second-order kinetic model and Langmuir isotherm...
July 2017: Journal of Environmental Sciences (China)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28647180/helianthus-tuberosus-jerusalem-artichoke-tubers-improve-glucose-tolerance-and-hepatic-lipid-profile-in-rats-fed-a-high-fat-diet
#9
Naoto Okada, Shinya Kobayashi, Kouta Moriyama, Kohsuke Miyataka, Shinji Abe, Chiemi Sato, Kazuyoshi Kawazoe
OBJECTIVES: To analyze the effects of feeding Helianthus tuberosus (HT) tubers on glucose tolerance and lipid profile in rats fed a high-fat diet (HFD). METHODS: A normal HFD or HFD including 10 w/w% HT tubers (HFD + HT) was fed to F334/Jcl rats. After 10 weeks, organ weights, glucose tolerance, and lipid profile were analyzed. RESULTS: The body weight, liver weight, and epidermal fat content in the HFD group were higher than those of the normal group, and similar to those of the HFD + HT group...
May 2017: Asian Pacific Journal of Tropical Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28646923/predictive-value-of-body-mass-index-to-metabolic-syndrome-risk-factors-in-syrian-adolescents
#10
Mahfouz Al-Bachir, Mohamad Adel Bakir
BACKGROUND: Obesity has become a serious epidemic health problem in both developing and developed countries. There is much evidence that obesity among adolescents contributed significantly to the development of type 2 diabetes and coronary heart disease in adulthood. Very limited information exists on the prevalence of overweight, obesity, and associated metabolic risk factors among Syrian adolescents. Therefore, the purpose of this study was to determine the relationship between obesity determined by body mass index and the major metabolic risk factors among Syrian adolescents...
June 25, 2017: Journal of Medical Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28646706/corn-silk-maysin-ameliorates-obesity-in-vitro-and-in-vivo-via-suppression-of-lipogenesis-differentiation-and-function-of-adipocytes
#11
Chang Won Lee, Jeong Yeon Seo, Sun-Lim Kim, Jisun Lee, Ji Won Choi, Yong Il Park
Present study was aimed to investigate the potential anti-obesity effects of maysin, a major flavonoid of corn silk, in vitro and in vivo using 3T3-L1 preadipocyte cells and C57BL/6 mice. Maysin decreased the levels of intracellular lipid droplets and triglycerides (TG), and down-regulated the protein expression levels of C/EBP-β, C/EBP-α, PPAR-γ, and aP2 in 3T3-L1 preadipocyte cells, suggesting that maysin inhibits lipid accumulation and adipocyte differentiation. In addition, maysin was shown to induce the apoptotic cell death in 3T3-L1 preadipocyte cells via activation of caspase cascades and mitochondrial dysfunction, which may ultimately lead to reduction of adipose tissue mass...
June 21, 2017: Biomedicine & Pharmacotherapy, Biomédecine & Pharmacothérapie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28646699/insulin-and-the-polycystic-ovary-syndrome
#12
REVIEW
Djuro Macut, Jelica Bjekić-Macut, Dario Rahelić, Mirjana Doknić
Polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) is the most prevalent endocrinopathy among women during reproductive age. PCOS is characterised by hyperandrogenaemia, hyperinsulinaemia, and deranged adipokines secretion from the adipose tissue. In addition to the reduced insulin sensitivity, PCOS women exhibit β-cell dysfunction as well. Low birth weight and foetal exposure to androgens may contribute to the development of the PCOS phenotype during life. Further metabolic complications lead to dyslipidaemia, worsening obesity and glucose tolerance, high prevalence of metabolic syndrome, and greater susceptibility to diabetes...
June 12, 2017: Diabetes Research and Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28646531/morin-a-novel-lxr%C3%AE-%C3%AE-dual-antagonist-has-potent-therapeutic-efficacy-for-nonalcoholic-fatty-liver-diseases
#13
Ming Gu, Yu Zhang, Chuhe Liu, Dongshan Wang, Li Feng, Shengjie Fan, Baican Yang, Qingchun Tong, Guang Ji, Cheng Huang
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Morin is a natural occurring flavonoid in many dietary plants and has a wide range of beneficial effects on metabolism; however, the mechanism underlying its action remains elusive. EXPERIMENTAL APPROACH: Reporter assay and the Time-Resolved Fluorescence Resonance Energy Transfer assay were used to identify morin as a dual antagonist of LXRα and LXRβ. High fat-diet mixed with morin (100 mg/100 g diet) was administrated to high-fat diet-induced obese or LXRβ(-/-) mice combining with Western blot and RT-PCR analysis to evaluate the pharmacological effect and mechanism of morin treatment...
June 23, 2017: British Journal of Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28646079/identification-of-flavin-containing-monooxygenase-5-fmo5-as-a-regulator-of-glucose-homeostasis-and-a-potential-sensor-of-gut-bacteria
#14
Flora Scott, Sandra G Gonzalez Malagon, Brett A O'Brien, Diede Fennema, Sunil Veeravalli, Clarissa R Coveney, Ian R Phillips, Elizabeth A Shephard
We have previously identified flavin-containing monooxygenase 5 (FMO5) as a regulator of metabolic ageing. The aim of the present study was to investigate the role of FMO5 in glucose homeostasis and the impact of diet and gut flora on the phenotype of mice in which the Fmo5 gene has been disrupted (Fmo5(-/-) mice). In comparison with wild-type (WT) counterparts, Fmo5(-/-) mice are resistant to age-related changes in glucose homeostasis and maintain the higher glucose tolerance and insulin sensitivity characteristic of young animals...
June 23, 2017: Drug Metabolism and Disposition: the Biological Fate of Chemicals
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28646031/metabolism-and-acetylation-contribute-to-leucine-mediated-inhibition-of-cardiac-glucose-uptake
#15
Edith Renguet, Audrey Ginion, Roselle Gélinas, Laurent Bultot, Julien Auquier, Isabelle Robillard Frayne, Caroline Daneault, Jean-Louis Vanoverschelde, Christine Des Rosiers, Louis Hue, Sandrine Horman, Christophe Beauloye, Luc Bertrand
High plasma leucine levels strongly correlate with type 2 diabetes. Studies of muscle cells suggest that leucine alters the insulin response for glucose transport by activating an insulin-negative feedback loop driven by the mammalian target of rapamycin/p70 ribosomal S6 kinase (mTOR/p70S6K) pathway. Here, we examined the molecular mechanism involved in leucine's action on cardiac glucose uptake. Leucine was indeed able to curb glucose uptake after insulin stimulation in both cultured cardiomyocytes and perfused hearts...
June 23, 2017: American Journal of Physiology. Heart and Circulatory Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28646013/doxorubicin-effect-on-myocardial-metabolism-as-a-pre-requisite-for-subsequent-development-of-cardiac-toxicity-a-translational-18-f-fdg-pet-ct-observation
#16
Matteo Bauckneht, Giulia Ferrarazzo, Francesco Fiz, Silvia Morbelli, Matteo Sarocchi, Fabio Pastorino, Alberto Ghidella, Elena Pomposelli, Maurizio Miglino, Pietro Ameri, Laura Emionite, Flavia Ticconi, Eleonora Arboscello, Ambra Buschiazzo, Elena Augusta Massimelli, Salvatore Fiordoro, Anna Borra, Vanessa Cossu, Annalisa Bozzano, Adalberto Ibatici, Mirco Ponzoni, Paolo Spallarossa, Andrea Gallamini, Paolo Bruzzi, Gianmario Sambuceti, Cecilia Marini
The present translational study aimed to verify whether serial (18)F-fluoro-deoxyglucose Positron Emission Tomography/Computed Tomography (FDG-PET/CT), predicts doxorubicin cardiotoxicity. Methods: Fifteen athymic mice were treated with intravenous administration of saline (n = 5), doxorubicin 5 mg/Kg (n = 5) or doxorubicin 7.5 mg/Kg (n = 5) and submitted to dynamic microPET scan to estimate left ventricular glucose consumption (LV-MRGlu) before and after chemotherapy. Thereafter, we retrospectively identified 69 patients successfully treated with Adriamycin, Bleomycin, Vinblastine, and Dacarbazine (ABVD) regimen for Hodgkin's Disease (HD) and submitted to four consecutive FDG-PET/CT scans...
June 23, 2017: Journal of Nuclear Medicine: Official Publication, Society of Nuclear Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28645890/tailored-communication-within-mobile-apps-for-diabetes-self-management-a-systematic-review
#17
Heidi Holmen, Astrid Klopstad Wahl, Milada Cvancarova Småstuen, Lis Ribu
BACKGROUND: The prevalence of diabetes is increasing and with the requirements for self-management and risk of late complications, it remains a challenge for the individual and society. Patients can benefit from support from health care personnel in their self-management, and the traditional communication between patients and health care personnel is changing. Smartphones and apps offer a unique platform for communication, but apps with integrated health care personnel communication based on patient data are yet to be investigated to provide evidence of possible effects...
June 23, 2017: Journal of Medical Internet Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28645566/using-straw-hydrolysate-to-cultivate-chlorella-pyrenoidosa-for-high-value-biomass-production-and-the-nitrogen-regulation-for-biomass-composition
#18
Tian-Yuan Zhang, Xiao-Xiong Wang, Yin-Hu Wu, Jing-Han Wang, Victor M Deantes-Espinosa, Lin-Lan Zhuang, Hong-Ying Hu, Guang-Xue Wu
Heterotrophic cultivation of Chlorella pyrenoidosa based on straw substrate was proposed as a promising approach in this research. The straw pre-treated by ammonium sulfite method was enzymatically hydrolyzed for medium preparation. The highest intrinsic growth rate of C. pyrenoidosa reached to 0.097h(-1) in hydrolysate medium, which was quicker than that in glucose medium. Rising nitrogen concentration could significantly increase protein content and decrease lipid content in biomass, meanwhile fatty acids composition kept stable...
May 17, 2017: Bioresource Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28645517/glucose-control-diabetes-status-and-mortality-in-critically-ill-patients-the-continuum-from-intensive-care-unit-admission-to-hospital-discharge
#19
James S Krinsley, Paula Maurer, Sharon Holewinski, Roy Hayes, Douglas McComsey, Guillermo E Umpierrez, Stanley A Nasraway
OBJECTIVE: To describe the relationships among glycemic control, diabetes mellitus (DM) status, and mortality in critically ill patients from intensive care unit (ICU) admission to hospital discharge. PATIENTS AND METHODS: This is a retrospective investigation of 6387 ICU patients with 5 or more blood glucose (BG) tests and 4462 ICU survivors admitted to 2 academic medical centers from July 1, 2010, through December 31, 2014. We studied the relationships among mean BG level, hypoglycemia (BG level <70 mg/dL [to convert to mmol/L, multiply by 0...
June 7, 2017: Mayo Clinic Proceedings
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28645354/-acromegaly-and-cushing-s-disease-persistence-of-comorbidities-after-the-control-of-hypersecretion
#20
C Rochette, F Castinetti, T Brue
Acromegaly and Cushing's disease lead to common and distinct comorbidities. Currently available treatments lead to the control of hyper secretion in the majority of cases. However, the prevalence of the comorbidities does not always go back to the one of the normal population after remission. For instance, about 1/3 of acromegalic patients with diabetes and half of patients with Cushing's disease and diabetes will have normal blood glucose values after remission. In contrast, high blood pressure frequently recovers after remission in both diseases...
October 2016: Annales D'endocrinologie
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