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Acute pancreatitis, atlanta

Biku Joseph John, Swaminathan Sambandam, Prerna Garg, Gursharan Singh, Maninder Kaur, Rathi Baskaran, Gautham Srinivasan, Venkatakrishnan Leelakrishnan, Krishnaveni Janarthan
INTRODUCTION: Patients with Acute Pancreatitis (AP) presenting with Systemic Inflammatory Response syndrome (SIRS) are more likely to have severe acute pancreatitis and are at increased risk of complications. Additionally, persistence of SIRS at 48 hrs after admission is associated with persistent organ failure and a worse outcome. We investigated the usefulness of SIRS as a criterion for referring patients to a tertiary pancreatic care centre. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Retrospective analyses of patients admitted with AP over a one year period...
July 2017: Acta Gastro-enterologica Belgica
Didier Roulin, Raphaël Girardet, Rafael Duran, Steven Hajdu, Alban Denys, Nermin Halkic, Nicolas Demartines, Emmanuel Melloul
The specific management and outcome of acute biliary pancreatitis in elderly patients is not well established. The aim of this study was to assess the outcome of elderly compared to younger patients after acute biliary pancreatitis. Retrospective analysis of consecutive patients admitted with acute biliary pancreatitis between January 2006 and December 2012. Elderly patients (≥ 70 years) were compared to younger patients (< 70 years) in a case-control study. Comorbidities were assessed according to the Charlson score...
2018: Bioscience Trends
Mehmet Suat Yalçın, Adnan Tas, Banu Kara, Sehmus Olmez, Bunyamin Saritas
BACKGROUND: Acute pancreatitis (AP) is inflammation of the pancreas of various severity ranging from mild abdominal pain to mortality. AP may be classified as acute interstitial edematous pancreatitis (AEP) or acute necrotizing pancreatitis (ANP), according to the revised Atlanta criteria. Most of the patients with AP are AEP (75-85% of patients), while 15-25% of patients have ANP. The mortality rate is 3% in AEP and 15% in ANP. Thus, it is important to predict the severity of AP to decrease the morbidity and mortality...
February 2018: Advances in Clinical and Experimental Medicine: Official Organ Wroclaw Medical University
B J John, S Sambandam, P Garg, G Singh, B Edizer, M Kaur, R Baskaran, G Srinivasan, V Leelakrishnan, K Janarthan
INTRODUCTION: Patients with Acute Pancreatitis (AP) presenting with Systemic Inflammatory Response syndrome (SIRS) are more likely to have severe acute pancreatitis and are at increased risk of complications. Additionally, persistence of SIRS at 48 hrs after admission is associated with persistent organ failure and a worse outcome. We investigated the usefulness of SIRS as a criterion for referring patients to a tertiary pancreatic care centre. MATERIALS METHODS: Retrospective analyses of patients admitted with AP over a one year period...
July 2017: Acta Gastro-enterologica Belgica
Yojhan E Izquierdo, Eileen V Fonseca, Luz-Ángela Moreno, Rubén D Montoya, Rafael Guerrero Lozano
BACKGROUND: Computed tomography (CT) is useful for the diagnosis of local complications in children with acute pancreatitis but its role as a prognostic tool remains controversial. OBJECTIVE: To establish the correlation between the CT Severity Index and the Revised Atlanta Classification regarding unfavorable outcomes such as severe acute pancreatitis and need for Pediatric Special Care Unit attention in children with acute pancreatitis. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We conducted a retrospective and concordance cohort study in which we obtained abdominal CT scans from 30 patients ages 0 to 18 years with acute pancreatitis...
February 21, 2018: Pediatric Radiology
Mei Zhang, Hong-Ming Zhu, Fang He, Bang-Yi Li, Xiao-Cui Li
AIM: To elucidate the effects of small intestinal bacterial overgrowth (SIBO) on the severity and complications of acute pancreatitis (AP). METHODS: In total, 208 patients with AP as defined by the revised Atlanta classification were admitted to Xuanwu Hospital of Capital Medical University from 2013 to 2016. All patients were admitted within 72 h of AP onset. The hydrogen breath test was performed 7 d after AP onset to detect hydrogen production and evaluate the development of SIBO...
December 28, 2017: World Journal of Gastroenterology: WJG
Sami Fidan, Murat Erkut, Arif Mansur Cosar, Yasar Yogun, Asım Örem, Mehmet Sönmez, Mehmet Arslan
AIM: Coagulation disorders may develop in association with severe acute pancreatitis (AP). Plasma thrombin-antithrombin III complex (TAT) levels are one of the principal markers of coagulation disorder. The purpose of this study was to evaluate TAT and other hemostatic parameters in patients with AP and to examine whether or not these parameters indicate the severity of AP. METHOD: Forty-six patients with AP (14 severe, 32 non-severe) and a 30-member healthy control group were recruited...
January 12, 2018: Digestive Diseases
Adil Baskiran, Metin Kement, Bora Barut, Oguzhan Ozsay, Serdar Karakas, Cemalettin Koç, Sezai Yilmaz
OBJECTIVES: The purposes of this study were to determine the incidence of acute pancreatitis after living donor hepatectomy and to investigate potential risk factors and outcomes. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Clinical data of all donors who underwent donor hepatectomy between January 2015 and December 2016 in our liver transplant institute were reviewed. Donor data were obtained from a prospectively maintained database. The donors were divided into 2 groups according to whether they developed postoperative pancreatitis...
December 29, 2017: Experimental and Clinical Transplantation
Harkirat Singh, Amir Gougol, Rawad Mounzer, Dhiraj Yadav, Efstratios Koutroumpakis, Adam Slivka, David C Whitcomb, Georgios I Papachristou
OBJECTIVES: In our experience, a subset of mild acute pancreatitis (AP) patients, as defined by the Revised Atlanta Classification, has longer than expected hospitalization. Our aims are to report the prevalence of patients with mild AP who have a prolonged length of stay (LOS), evaluate the etiology, thoroughly phenotype, and finally compare this subset to those with expected LOS. METHODS: Patients admitted with AP from 2003 to 2015 were prospectively enrolled into this cohort study...
December 7, 2017: Clinical and Translational Gastroenterology
Shrinivas Bishu, Efstratios Koutroumpakis, Rawad Mounzer, Kimberly Stello, Nijole Pollock, Anna Evans, David C Whitcomb, Georgios I Papachristou
OBJECTIVES: Inflammation in the setting of acute pancreatitis (AP) is partially driven by pathogen recognition receptors that recognize damage-associated molecular patterns. Interleukin (IL)-8 is a chemotactic factor produced by pathogen recognition receptor-expressing cells. A single-nucleotide polymorphism in IL8 promoter region (-251 A/T) has been implicated in inflammatory diseases. We examined whether this IL8 polymorphism confers susceptibility to AP. METHODS: Patients with AP (n = 357) were prospectively recruited...
January 2018: Pancreas
Christian A Nebiker, Sebastian Staubli, Juliane Schäfer, Roland Bingisser, Mirjam Christ-Crain, Salome Dell-Kuster, Christian Mueller, Karla Scamardi, Carsten T Viehl, Dieter Kolleth, Urs von Holzen, Daniel Oertli, Rachel Rosenthal
OBJECTIVES: The aims of this study were to assess whether copeptin, pro-atrial natriuretic peptide, proadrenomedullin, and cortisol are associated with disease severity in patients with acute pancreatitis (AP) and to compare their ability in predicting organ failure or death. METHODS: From April 2011 to January 2015, 142 patients with AP were included in this prospective single-center study and observed for 4 days. Disease severity was rated by the Atlanta 1992 and 2012 criteria and organ failure by the modified Marshall score...
January 2018: Pancreas
Povilas Ignatavicius, Aiste Gulla, Karolis Cernauskis, Giedrius Barauskas, Zilvinas Dambrauskas
AIM: To explore the outcomes and the appropriate treatment for patients with moderately severe acute pancreatitis (AP). METHODS: Statistical analysis was performed on data from the prospectively collected database of 103 AP patients admitted to the Department of Surgery, Hospital of Lithuanian University of Health Sciences in 2008-2013. All patients were confirmed to have the diagnosis of AP during the first 24 h following admission. The severity of pancreatitis was assessed by MODS and APACHE II scale...
November 21, 2017: World Journal of Gastroenterology: WJG
D Wu, B Lu, H D Xue, Y M Lai, J M Qian, H Yang
Objective: To compare the performance of the revision of Atlanta classification (RAC) and determinant-based classification (DBC) in acute pancreatitis. Methods: Consecutive patients with acute pancreatitis admitted to a single center from January 2001 to January 2015 were retrospectively analyzed. Patients were classified into mild, moderately severe and severe categories based on RAC and were simultaneously classified into mild, moderate, severe and critical grades according to DBC. Disease severity and clinical outcomes were compared between subgroups...
December 1, 2017: Zhonghua Nei Ke za Zhi [Chinese Journal of Internal Medicine]
Dina Zerem, Omar Zerem, Enver Zerem
Aim: The assessment of the severity of acute pancreatitis (AP) is important for proper management of the disease and for its prognosis. The aim was to correlate clinical, biochemical, and imaging diagnostic parameters and evaluate their prognostic values in the early assessment of severity of AP. Materials and methods: We prospectively studied 128 consecutive patients with AP. The predictors were clinical, biochemical, and imaging diagnostic parameters. The outcome measure was the occurrence of complications...
January 2017: Euroasian Journal of Hepato-Gastroenterology
Lingyu Luo, Hao Zen, Hongrong Xu, Yin Zhu, Pi Liu, Liang Xia, Wenhua He, Nonghua Lv
PURPOSE: Acute pancreatitis in pregnancy (APIP) is a rare condition; however, it markedly affects maternal and fetal health. This study aimed to describe the types, clinical characteristics, mortality, and the safety and necessity of gestation termination of acute pancreatitis in pregnancy (APIP). METHODS: We retrospectively reviewed 121 APIP cases in the Gastroenterology Department of The First Affiliated Hospital of Nanchang University. APIP diagnosis were based on 2012 Atlanta Criteria...
November 21, 2017: Archives of Gynecology and Obstetrics
Apeksha Shah, Richard Denicola, Cynthia Edirisuriya, Ali A Siddiqui
Pancreatic fluid collections are a frequent complication of acute pancreatitis. The revised Atlanta criterion classifies chronic fluid collections into pseudocysts and walled-off pancreatic necrosis (WON). Symptomatic PFCs require drainage options that include surgical, percutaneous, or endoscopic approaches. With the advent of newer and more advanced endoscopic tools and expertise, minimally invasive endoscopic drainage has now become the preferred approach. An endoscopic ultrasonography (EUS)-guided approach for pancreatic fluid collection drainage is now the preferred endoscopic approach...
December 2017: Current Treatment Options in Gastroenterology
Peter J Lee, Kunjam Modha, Tiffany Chua, Amitabh Chak, Daniel Jang, Rocio Lopez, Amir Gougol, Georgios I Papachristou, Tyler Stevens
BACKGROUND: Statins possess anti-inflammatory properties and have a protective effect in certain inflammatory conditions; however, their effect on the natural history of pancreatitis is unknown. AIM: The aim of this study is to assess the effect of statin exposure on the severity of pancreatitis and incidence of organ failure using a propensity-matched approach. METHODS: A historical cohort study was conducted of adult patients with acute pancreatitis (AP) admitted in the Cleveland Clinic Health System between 2007 and 2014...
October 31, 2017: Journal of Clinical Gastroenterology
Subhash Chandra, Arvind Murali, Reena Bansal, Dipti Agarwal, Adrian Holm
Background: predicting the development of severe disease has remained a major challenge in management of acute pancreatitis. The Bedside Index for Severity in Acute Pancreatitis (BISAP) is easy to calculate from the data available in the first 24 hours. Here, we performed a systematic review to determine the prognostic accuracy of the BISAP for severe acute pancreatitis (SAP). Methods: major databases of biomedical publications were searched during the first week of October 2015. Two independent reviewers searched records in two phases...
October 2017: Journal of Community Hospital Internal Medicine Perspectives
Kate M Ellery, Soma Kumar, Wallace Crandall, Cheryl Gariepy
OBJECTIVE: To determine whether early patient-directed oral nutrition in children with mild acute pancreatitis decreases the length of hospitalization without increasing complications. STUDY DESIGN: Hospitalized patients aged 2-21 years of age who met the criteria for acute pancreatitis based on the Revised Atlanta Classification were enrolled prospectively and allowed to eat by mouth at their discretion (patient-directed nutrition [PDN]). These patients were compared with a retrospective cohort of children who were allowed to eat based on traditional practices (treatment team-directed nutrition [TTDN])...
December 2017: Journal of Pediatrics
Xiaolei Wang, Li Qin, Jingli Cao
Objective Since increasing AP severity is significantly associated with mortality, accurate and rapid determination of severity is crucial for effective clinical management of AP. This study investigated the value of the revised Atlanta classification (RAC) and the determinant-based classification (DBC) systems in stratifying severity of acute pancreatitis (AP). Methods This retrospective observational cohort study included 480 AP patients. Patient demographics and clinical characteristics were recorded. The primary outcome was mortality, and secondary outcomes were admission to intensive care unit (ICU), duration of ICU stay, and duration of hospital stay...
October 9, 2017: Current Medical Research and Opinion
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