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Socket augmentation

Marco Tallarico, Erta Xhanari, Milena Pisano, Giacomo De Riu, Antonio Tullio, Silvio Mario Meloni
PURPOSE: To test the hypothesis that there is no difference in clinical, radiographic and aesthetic outcomes positioning single post-extractive ultra-wide 7 mm-diameter implants or waiting 4 months to place implant, after molar extraction and the socket preservation procedure. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Patients requiring one implant-supported single restoration to replace a failed tooth in the molar region of both maxilla and mandible were selected. Patients were randomised according to a parallel group design into two arms: implant installation in fresh extraction sockets augmented with corticocancellous heterologous bone and porcine derma (group A) or delayed implant installation 4 months after tooth extraction and socket preservation using the same materials (group B)...
2016: European Journal of Oral Implantology
Heidrun Schaaf, Heiko Kerkmann, Felix Pitka, Niko Christian Bock, Sameh Attia
BACKGROUND: Tooth replantation after traumatic avulsion or transplantation is a challenge in oral surgery. A special method named auto-alloplastic replantation, in which a titanium post is used after extraoral endodontic treatment, combines several advantages. The treatment is performed in one step with no further endodontic intervention, no wide root canal instrumentation, no recontamination, and reduced endodontic infection. This is the first report on replantation of an ectopic tooth in a patient with a cleft lip and alveolus using this method...
2016: Journal of Medical Case Reports
Anders Henningsen, Ralf Smeets, Aria Wahidi, Lan Kluwe, Frank Kornmann, Max Heiland, Till Gerlach
PURPOSE: Immediate loading of dental implants has been proved to be feasible in partially edentulous jaws. The purpose of this retrospective investigation was to assess the feasibility of immediately loading dental implants in fully edentulous jaws. METHODS: A total of 24 patients aged between 53 and 89 years received a total of 154 implants in their edentulous maxillae or mandibles. Among the implants, 45 were set in fresh extracted sockets and 109 in consolidated alveolar bones...
August 2016: Journal of Periodontal & Implant Science
Howard Gluckman, Maurice Salama, Jonathan Du Toit
Buccopalatal collapse of the postextraction ridge is a significant challenge in restorative and implant dentistry. A variety of ridge preservation techniques using tissue and augmentative materials have been proposed in the literature. A slightly different approach is to use the tooth itself. Root submergence has been reported in the literature for more than 4 decades, and it has been demonstrated that the submerged tooth root retains the periodontal tissues and preserves the bone in pontic sites or below dentures to retain the ridge...
September 2016: International Journal of Periodontics & Restorative Dentistry
Eylem Ayhan Alkan, Gülay Tüter, Ateş Parlar, Ayşegül Yücel, Bülent Kurtiş
OBJECTIVES: This study compares peri-implant crevicular fluid (PICF) prostaglandin E2 (PGE2) levels, clinical parameters and implant stability quotient (ISQ) values around implants placed in augmented extraction sockets. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The sockets (24 in total) were randomly augmented using either EMD or Bio-Oss Collagen. Implant placements were performed after three months of healing. ISQ readings were evaluated at three points: at the time of surgery, at the first month and at the third month...
October 2016: Acta Odontologica Scandinavica
Amod Patankar, Rajesh Kshirsagar, Swapna Patankar, Sudhir Pawar
This report demonstrates the clinical use of a modified, truly anatomic, root analogue zirconia implant for immediate replacement of a right mandibular first premolar. A 22-year-old female patient with chronic apical periodontitis of the right mandibular first premolar was referred and the tooth was carefully extracted. A truly anatomical, root identical, roughened zirconia implant modified by macro-retentions was manufactured and placed into the extraction socket by tapping 3 days later. After 4 months a composite crown was cemented in place...
July 2016: Journal of Maxillofacial and Oral Surgery
Antonio Murcia-Asensio, Francisco Ferrero-Manzanal, Raquel Lax-Pérez, Mariano Fernández-Fairén
INTRODUCTION: Failed hip arthroplasty with intrapelvic acetabular migration can be challenging due to the potential damage of intrapelvic structures. PRESENTATION OF THE CASE: We present a case of a 75 year-old lady with failed hip arthroplasty with loosening of implants and intra-pelvic migration of the cup, antiprotrusio cage mesh, screws and plate. A modified Stoppa approach was performed, a part of the migrated elements were safely removed, the intrapelvic structures were controlled, and the bone defect was reconstructed through the Stoppa approach combined with the lateral window of ilioinguinal approach by means of bone struts and metallic plates, which is a novel technique...
2016: International Journal of Surgery Case Reports
Farah Asa'ad, Giorgio Pagni, Sophia P Pilipchuk, Aldo Bruno Giannì, William V Giannobile, Giulio Rasperini
To ensure a successful dental implant therapy, the presence of adequate vertical and horizontal alveolar bone is fundamental. However, an insufficient amount of alveolar ridge in both dimensions is often encountered in dental practice due to the consequences of oral diseases and tooth loss. Although postextraction socket preservation has been adopted to lessen the need for such invasive approaches, it utilizes bone grafting materials, which have limitations that could negatively affect the quality of bone formation...
2016: International Journal of Dentistry
Kang-Mi Pang, In-Woong Um, Young-Kyun Kim, Jae-Man Woo, Soung-Min Kim, Jong-Ho Lee
OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to prospectively evaluate the clinical efficacy and histological outcome of the autogenous tooth graft material (AutoBT) compared to that of anorganic bovine bone (Bio-Oss(®) , Geistlich, Switzerland) in post-extraction alveolar bone augmentation. PATIENTS AND METHODS: A total of 33 graft sites in 24 patients were included in this study. AutoBT was used in 21 sites of 15 patients and Bio-Oss(®) was used in 12 sites of 9 patients for alveolar bone augmentation 2-4 weeks after dental extraction...
June 8, 2016: Clinical Oral Implants Research
Won-Kyung Cho, Su-Kyung Jung, Ji-Sun Paik, Suk-Woo Yang
Patients with anophthalmic or phthisis socket suffer from cosmetic problems. To resolve those problems, the authors present the surgical outcomes of deep superior sulcus (DSS) augmentation using acellular dermal matrix in patients with anophthalmic or phthisis socket. The authors retrospectively reviewed anophthalmic or phthisis patients who underwent surgery for DSS augmentation using acellular dermal matrix. To evaluate surgical outcomes, the authors focused on 3 aspects: the possibility of wearing contact prosthesis, the degree of correction of the DSS, and any surgical complications...
July 2016: Journal of Craniofacial Surgery
Mai Shirai, Ryuji Yamamoto, Toshie Chiba, Koichiro Komatsu, Shinji Shimoda, Yasuo Yamakoshi, Shinichiro Oida, Chikahiro Ohkubo
This study was designed to evaluate the volume of alveolar bone augmentation after immediate implant placement using demineralized bone. We examined the collagen matrix of demineralized bone and biologically active substances contained therein. Rat maxillary first molars were extracted, and the animals were divided into five groups as follows: tooth extraction only, implant into the mesial root socket, implant and other root sockets covered with demineralized bone sheet, implant and other root sockets filled with demineralized bone powder under the sheet, and implant and other root sockets covered with demineralized bone sheet from which proteins were extracted...
2016: Dental Materials Journal
Giorgio Lombardo, Jacopo Pighi, Giovanni Corrocher, Anna Mascellaro, Jeffrey Lehrberg, Mauro Marincola, Pier Francesco Nocini
The replacement of single anterior teeth by means of endosseous implants implies the achievement of success in restoring both aesthetic and function. However, the presence of wide endoperiodontal lesions can lead to horizontal hard and soft tissues defects after tooth extraction, making it impossible to correctly place an implant in the compromised alveolar socket. Vertical augmentation procedures have been proposed to solve these clinical situations, but the amount of new regenerated bone is still not predictable...
2016: Case Reports in Dentistry
Howard Gluckman, Jonathan Du Toit, Maurice Salama
Augmentive ridge preservation techniques aim to manage the postextraction ridge. The partial extraction of teeth may better preserve the ridge form by maintaining the bundle bone-periodontal ligament apparatus. Root submergence has been demonstrated to retain the periodontal tissues and preserve the ridge beneath dentures or fixed prostheses. The socket-shield technique entails preparing a tooth root section simultaneous to immediate implant placement and has demonstrated histologic and clinical results contributory to esthetic implant treatment...
May 2016: International Journal of Periodontics & Restorative Dentistry
Rokhsareh Sadeghi, Maryam Babaei, S Asghar Miremadi, Fatemeh Mashadi Abbas
BACKGROUND: Alveolar ridge preservation could be performed immediately following tooth extraction to limit dimensional changes of alveolar process due to bone resorption. The aim of this study was to compare the clinical and histologic outcomes of socket preservation using two different graft materials; deproteinized bovine bone mineral (DBBM) and demineralized freeze-dried bone allograft (DFDBA) with absorbable collagen membrane. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Twenty extraction sockets in 20 patients were randomly divided into 2 treatment groups: 10 sockets were augmented with DBBM and collagen membrane whereas 10 sockets were filled with DFDBA and covered by collagen membrane...
March 2016: Dental Research Journal
Leszek Borkowski, Małgorzata Kiernicka, Anna Belcarz, Krzysztof Pałka, Mieczysław Hajnos, Grażyna Ginalska
Natural polymer-based composites become very popular in design of biomaterials for bone tissue regeneration. Their rheological and mechanical properties are typically evaluated in vitro according to standard methods. However, in vivo such composites may behave completely different due to specific body conditions (e.g., inflammation-assisted acidification of tissue liquids). Such surprising phenomenon was observed for hydroxyapatite/β-1, 3-glucan composite during alveolus extraction socket augmentation in people...
April 5, 2016: Journal of Biomedical Materials Research. Part B, Applied Biomaterials
M-A Saghiri, A Asatourian, F Garcia-Godoy, N Sheibani
BACKGROUND: In implant dentistry, bone substitute materials and barrier membranes are used in different treatments including guided bone regeneration (GBR), socket preservation, alveolar ridge augmentation, maxillary sinus elevation, and filling bony defects around the inserted dental implant. One of the most important factors in prognosis of treatments using these materials is the growth of new blood vessels in applied areas. Present review was performed to evaluate the effect of the bone-grafting and barrier membrane materials on angiogenesis events...
2016: Medicina Oral, Patología Oral y Cirugía Bucal
Scott MacLean, Marc Hermans, Luke Villata, Giovanni Polizzi, Nikhil Sisodia, James E Cherry
OBJECTIVE: Narrow-diameter implants are indicated for narrow sites, small interdental/interimplant spaces, or sites with congenitally missing teeth. They also offer a substitute for invasive augmentation procedures. The authors retrospectively evaluated the performance of a new 3.0-mm diameter implant for rehabilitating small anterior spaces. METHOD AND MATERIALS: This observational multicenter retrospective case series included consecutive patients needing single-unit restoration for mandibular and lateral maxillary incisors...
April 2016: Quintessence International
Tigura S Reddy, Nidhi R Shah, Ana Lucia Roca, Andrew Sullivan, Joel Pascuzzi, Howard J Drew
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 2016: Journal of Oral Implantology
Esther Lee Kim, Carlo Rob Bernardino, Flora Levin
The purpose of this study is to describe our experience using expandable spherical hydrogel implants and injectable hydrogel pellets for orbital volume augmentation in cases of post-enucleation socket syndrome after acquired anophthalmia or phthisis bulbi. We retrospectively reviewed the clinical records of all adult patients who received an expandable hydrogel implant for orbital volume loss following enucleation or phthisis bulbi at the Emory Eye Center between 2004 and January 2007 and the Yale Eye Center between 2009 and 2011...
2016: Orbit
Barry P Levin
With immediate implant placement and provisionalization (IIP) in the esthetic zone, measures to counter hard and soft tissue loss are frequently necessary. To reduce the morbidity associated with bone and connective tissue procurement, various exogenous materials are utilized. The "Dermal Apron Technique" presented in this article demonstrates the use of a composite bone particulate (allograft/xenograft) plus a dermal allograft, adapted around screw-retained temporary crowns and secured within a subperiosteal pouch...
January 2016: Journal of Esthetic and Restorative Dentistry
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