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Pacific Northwest University

Pearl Anna McElfish, Ramey Moore, Bill Buron, Jonell Hudson, Christopher R Long, Rachel S Purvis, Thomas K Schulz, Brett Rowland, T Scott Warmack
PROBLEM: Many U.S. medical schools have accreditation requirements for interprofessional education and training in cultural competency, yet few programs have developed programs to meet both of these requirements simultaneously. Furthermore, most training programs to address these requirements are broad in nature and do not focus on addressing health disparities. The lack of integration may reduce the students' ability to apply the knowledge learned. Innovative programs that combine these two learning objectives and focus on disenfranchised communities are needed to train the next generation of health professionals...
November 30, 2017: Teaching and Learning in Medicine
Rebecca Reisch, Richard Rutt, Mary Dockter, Sheryl Sanders
INTRODUCTION: There is limited information on overactive bladder (OAB) symptoms, their association with bladder irritants, or the effect of OAB on health-related quality of life (HRQoL) in young women. We evaluated these issues in a group of young female health profession students. METHODS: All female students (nā€‰=ā€‰964) attending a university in the Pacific Northwest were recruited via email or an in-person informational meeting to participate in this descriptive cross-sectional study...
February 2018: Journal of Women's Health
Christine M Markham, Stephanie Craig Rushing, Cornelia Jessen, Gwenda Gorman, Jennifer Torres, William E Lambert, Alexander V Prokhorov, Leslie Miller, Kelly Allums-Featherston, Robert C Addy, Melissa F Peskin, Ross Shegog
BACKGROUND: American Indian and Alaska Native (AI/AN) youth face multiple health challenges compared to other racial/ethnic groups, which could potentially be ameliorated by the dissemination of evidence-based adolescent health promotion programs. Previous studies have indicated that limited trained personnel, cultural barriers, and geographic isolation may hinder the reach and implementation of evidence-based health promotion programs among AI/AN youth. Although Internet access is variable in AI/AN communities across the United States, it is swiftly and steadily improving, and it may provide a viable strategy to disseminate evidence-based health promotion programs to this underserved population...
November 21, 2016: JMIR Research Protocols
John Carter, Nicholas McClellan, Derek McFaul, Blaine Massey, Elisabeth Guenther, Glen Kisby
CONTEXT: According to a 2014 survey, 59% of students entering allopathic medical school reported previous research experience. However, limited data exist on the amount of research experience that students have before entering osteopathic medical school. A strong understanding of the research skills and level of interest of first-year osteopathic medical students is essential for developing research programs at osteopathic medical schools. Limited data exist on the amount of research experience that students have before starting osteopathic medical school...
July 1, 2016: Journal of the American Osteopathic Association
Dennis M Donovan, Lisa Rey Thomas, Robin Little Wing Sigo, Laura Price, Heather Lonczak, Nigel Lawrence, Katie Ahvakana, Lisette Austin, Albie Lawrence, Joseph Price, Abby Purser, Lenora Bagley
Using Community-based and Tribal Participatory Research (CBPR/TPR) approaches, an academic-tribal partnership between the University of Washington Alcohol and Drug Abuse Institute and the Suquamish and Port Gamble S'Klallam Tribes developed a culturally grounded social skills intervention to promote increased cultural belonging and prevent substance abuse among tribal youth. Participation in the intervention, which used the Canoe Journey as a metaphor for life, was associated with increased hope, optimism, and self-efficacy and with reduced substance use, as well as with higher levels of cultural identity and knowledge about alcohol and drugs among high school-age tribal youth...
2015: American Indian and Alaska Native Mental Health Research: the Journal of the National Center
Ann Whitney Gleason
Gaming as a means of delivering online education continues to gain in popularity. Online games provide an engaging and enjoyable way of learning. Gaming is especially appropriate for case-based teaching, and provides a conducive environment for adult independent learning. With funding from the National Network of Libraries of Medicine, Pacific Northwest Region (NN/LM PNR), the University of Washington (UW) Health Sciences Library, and the UW School of Medicine are collaborating to create an interactive, self-paced online game that teaches players to employ the steps in practicing evidence-based medicine...
2015: Medical Reference Services Quarterly
Marc T Braverman, Lisa A Hoogesteger, Jessica A Johnson
OBJECTIVES: Students, faculty, and staff at a Pacific Northwest public university were surveyed one year after enactment of a smoke-free campus policy. Objectives were to assess levels of support for a smoke-free campus, ascertain exposure levels to outdoor tobacco smoke, and identify correlates of policy support. METHOD: A 2013 Web-based survey included 5691 students (response rate 26%) and 2051 faculty/staff (response rate 43%). Measures included support for a smoke-free campus, smoking status, exposure to secondhand smoke, and perceptions of levels of policy support and campus smoking...
February 2015: Preventive Medicine
Brian C Chaffin, Robert L Mahler, J D Wulfhorst, Bahman Shafii
Collaborative watershed group experiences reveal commonalities in their approaches to facilitate decentralized and inclusive watershed planning and management in the United States, and increasingly around the world. Although watershed groups are widely recognized in the United States for positive accomplishments across local, state, and regional scales, the role of government agencies as watershed group partners often remains ambiguous and inconsistent. This paper details results of a survey used to determine the status of Pacific Northwest (PNW) watershed group-agency partnerships relative to planning and management...
January 2015: Environmental Management
Patricia A Okubara, Kurtis L Schroeder, John T Abatzoglou, Timothy C Paulitz
The necrotrophic soilborne fungal pathogens Rhizoctonia solani AG8 and R. oryzae are principal causal agents of Rhizoctonia root rot and bare patch of wheat in dryland cropping systems of the Pacific Northwest. A 3-year survey of 33 parcels at 11 growers' sites and 60 trial plots at 12 Washington State University cereal variety test locations was undertaken to understand the distribution of these pathogens. Pathogen DNA concentrations in soils, quantified using real-time polymerase chain reaction, were correlated with precipitation, temperature maxima and minima, and soil texture factors in a pathogen-specific manner...
July 2014: Phytopathology
Erin C Westgate, Clayton Neighbors, Hannes Heppner, Susanna Jahn, Kristen P Lindgren
OBJECTIVE: This study investigated whether self-reports of alcohol-related postings on Facebook by oneself or one's Facebook friends were related to common motives for drinking and were uniquely predictive of self-reported alcohol outcomes (alcohol consumption, problems, and cravings). METHOD: Pacific Northwest undergraduates completed a survey of alcohol outcomes, drinking motives, and alcohol-related Facebook postings. Participants completed the survey online as part of a larger study on alcohol use and cognitive associations...
May 2014: Journal of Studies on Alcohol and Drugs
Jeri Bigbee, Diana Mixon
INTRODUCTION: The shortage of registered nurses is an issue globally, but particularly in rural and remote areas. Previous research in medicine suggests that recruiting students from rural backgrounds is an effective strategy to enhance the supply of rural healthcare providers. This strategy has not been widely adopted or evaluated in nursing. The purpose of this study was to compare rural and urban nursing students in relation to application, admission, and retention/graduation trends at a metropolitan state university in the Pacific Northwest area of the USA...
October 2013: Rural and Remote Health
Kerstin Voelz, Hansong Ma, Sujal Phadke, Edmond J Byrnes, Pinkuan Zhu, Olaf Mueller, Rhys A Farrer, Daniel A Henk, Yonathan Lewit, Yen-Ping Hsueh, Matthew C Fisher, Alexander Idnurm, Joseph Heitman, Robin C May
Since 1999 a lineage of the pathogen Cryptococcus gattii has been infecting humans and other animals in Canada and the Pacific Northwest of the USA. It is now the largest outbreak of a life-threatening fungal infection in a healthy population in recorded history. The high virulence of outbreak strains is closely linked to the ability of the pathogen to undergo rapid mitochondrial tubularisation and proliferation following engulfment by host phagocytes. Most outbreaks spread by geographic expansion across suitable niches, but it is known that genetic re-assortment and hybridisation can also lead to rapid range and host expansion...
2013: PLoS Genetics
(no author information available yet)
Michael Posner has been professor of psychology at the University of Oregon since 1965. His work has generally been in the area of selective attention. During the 1960s and 1970s, Posner's work relied primarily on chronometric methods and is best described in his Paul Fitts lectures published as Chronometric Explorations of Mind. From 1979 to 1985 Posner directed a laboratory at Good Samaritan Hospital and worked on the role of the parietal lobe and other structures involved in visual orienting. From 1985 to 1988 Posner directed a neuropsychology laboratory in St...
1996: Journal of Cognitive Neuroscience
Niloofar Bavarian, Brian R Flay, Patricia L Ketcham, Ellen Smit
BACKGROUND: The illicit use of prescription stimulants (IUPS) has emerged as a high-risk behavior of the 21st century college student. As the study of IUPS is relatively new, we aimed to understand (1) characteristics of IUPS (i.e., initiation, administration routes, drug sources, motives, experiences), and (2) theory-guided intrapersonal, interpersonal, and environmental correlates associated with use. METHODS: Using one-stage cluster sampling, 520 students (96...
October 1, 2013: Drug and Alcohol Dependence
Kiyoaki Katahira, Miho Sekiguchi
A magnitude 9.0 great earthquake, the 2011 off the Pacific coast of Tohoku Earthquake, occurred on March 11, 2011, and subsequent Fukushima Daiichi Nuclear Power Station (Fukushima NPS) accidents stirred up natural radiation around the campus of Fukushima Medical University (FMU). FMU is located in Fukushima City, and is 57 km to the northwest of Fukushima NPS. Due to temporary failure of the steam boilers, the air conditioning system for the animal rooms, all autoclaves, and a cage washer could not be used at the Laboratory Animal Research Center (LARC) of FMU...
2013: Experimental Animals
Elizabeth Trice Loggers, Helene Starks, Moreen Shannon-Dudley, Anthony L Back, Frederick R Appelbaum, F Marc Stewart
BACKGROUND: The majority of Death with Dignity participants in Washington State and Oregon have received a diagnosis of terminal cancer. As more states consider legislation regarding physician-assisted death, the experience of a comprehensive cancer center may be informative. METHODS: We describe the implementation of a Death with Dignity program at Seattle Cancer Care Alliance, the site of care for the Fred Hutchinson-University of Washington Cancer Consortium, a comprehensive cancer center in Seattle that serves the Pacific Northwest...
April 11, 2013: New England Journal of Medicine
Niloofar Bavarian, Brian R Flay, Patricia L Ketcham, Ellen Smit
A theory-guided instrument for examining prescription stimulant misuse in the college population was developed and its psychometric properties were evaluated from 2011 to 2012 at one Pacific Northwest (United States) university. Study methods included instrument development, assessment by five health and measurement professionals, group interviews with six college students, a test-retest pilot study, and a paper-based, in-classroom, campus study using one-stage cluster sampling (N = 520 students, 20 classrooms, eligible student response rate = 96...
April 2013: Substance Use & Misuse
Robert K Doot, Tove Thompson, Benjamin E Greer, Keith C Allberg, Hannah M Linden, David A Mankoff, Paul E Kinahan
The Seattle Cancer Care Alliance (SCCA) is a Pacific Northwest regional network that enables patients from community cancer centers to participate in multicenter oncology clinical trials where patients can receive some trial-related procedures at their local center. Results of positron emission tomography (PET) scans performed at community cancer centers are not currently used in SCCA Network trials since clinical trials customarily accept results from only trial-accredited PET imaging centers located at academic and large hospitals...
November 2012: Magnetic Resonance Imaging
Kathaleen Briggs Early, Jill Armstrong Shultz, Marc Evans, Cynthia F Corbett, Sue Nicholson Butkus, Linda Massey
Diabetes education programs need improved measures of goal setting for dietary control of diabetes. Additionally, measures of patient experiences with dietary goal setting are needed to better prepare patients for diabetes self-management. Measures of dietary goals and strategies were investigated via survey of 100 Mexican Americans and non-Hispanic whites with type 2 diabetes at a community clinic. Analyses tested novel goal measures as stages of change and goal attainment with a food plan compared to a traditional measure of food plan adherence...
2012: Ecology of Food and Nutrition
Selina A Mohammed, Karina L Walters, June Lamarr, Teresa Evans-Campbell, Sheryl Fryberg
Community-based participatory research (CBPR) has been hailed as an alternative approach to one-sided research endeavors that have traditionally been conducted on communities as opposed to with them. Although CBPR engenders numerous relationship strengths, through its emphasis on co-sharing, mutual benefit, and community capacity building, it is often challenging as well. In this article, we describe some of the challenges of implementing CBPR in a research project designed to prevent cardiovascular disease among an indigenous community in the Pacific Northwest of the United States and how we addressed them...
June 2012: Nursing Inquiry
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