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Yasue Omori, Keiko Yanagisawa, Asako Sato, Yasuko Uchigata
BACKGROUND: There are no reports of very long follow-up studies of pregnant women with type 2 diabetes after delivery. Here we describe cases of Japanese women whom we treated for 20 to 50 years after deliveries to investigate the relationship between blood glucose control and diabetic complications. METHODS: In Japan, the prevalence of type 1 diabetes is very low, and we have very few long-term follow-up cases with type 1 diabetes. Therefore, we chose to describe subjects with type 2 diabetes only...
March 2017: Diabetes/metabolism Research and Reviews
Kranthi Kosaraju, Sameer Singh Faujdar, Aashima Singh, Ravindra Prabhu
Hepatitis B (HBV) and hepatitis C (HCV) viruses are the most important causes of chronic liver disease in patients with end stage renal disease on hemodialysis. The prevalence of hepatitis infection among hemodialysis patients is high and varies between countries and between dialysis units within a single country. This case-control study was undertaken to estimate the occurrence of HBV and HCV infections in patients undergoing hemodialysis in our tertiary care center. All patients receving hemodialysis at our centre with HCV or HBV infection were included in the study...
2013: Hepatitis Research and Treatment
O Okunola, A Akinsola, O Ayodele
AIM: To review available literature on the burden of kidney diseases in Africa from the perspective of acute kidney injury and chronic kidney disease. It also aims to provide information on the status of renal replacement therapy activities, and the emerging roles of the double burden of communicable and non communicable diseases interfacing with the kidney in a continent with distinct environmental, socio-cultural, infrastructural and economical peculiarities. METHODS: A literature search was conducted on the aetiopathogenesis, management options of peculiar diseases causing both acute kidney injury and chronic kidney diseases and renal replacement therapies in Africa...
June 2012: African Journal of Medicine and Medical Sciences
P Majdák, I Drexlerová, M Staňáková, P Malinjak, J Melicherík
We present a case of a 66 years old man without significant medical history who was admitted to a geriatric department of a local hospital for a critical clinical state with severe icterus (billirubin 368 µmol/l), acute renal failure (urea 48 mmol/l, creatinine 714 µmol/l) and severe thrombocytopaenia. When the patients son completed his personal history on the 4th day of hospitalization reporting that the patient had worked in a pub flooded during local floods, we also considered leptospirosis as a potential cause of his current state...
September 2012: Vnitr̆ní Lékar̆ství
Giovanna Castoldi, Laura Antolini, Camila Bombardi, Lucia Perego, Paola Mariani, Maria Rosa Viganò, Giacomo Torti, Marco Casati, Angelo Corti, Gianpaolo Zerbini, Maria Grazia Valsecchi, Andrea Stella
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate oxidative stress in uremia and dialysis and chromogranin A, a stress hormone that could be related to oxidative processes. METHODS: Plasma oxidative stress biomarkers (-SH, 8-OHdG, and ox-LDL) and chromogranin A were measured in 89 outpatients (21 uremic patients, 17 in peritoneal dialysis, and 51 in haemodialysis), and in 18 subjects with normal renal function. RESULTS: -SH groups were significantly reduced in heamodialysis, peritoneal, and uremic patients as compared with the control group (p=0...
December 2010: Clinical Biochemistry
Dorota Drozdz, Andrzej Rudziński, Zbigniew Kordon, Maciej Drozdz, Katarzyna Zachwieja, Jacek A Pietrzyk, Monika Miklaszewska, Aleksandra Dziedzic
UNLABELLED: Renal replacement therapy has become a recognized treatment modality of children with chronic renal failure (CRF). Despite of unquestionable progress in heamodialysis treatment quite high morbidity and mortality still remain a serious problem among pediatric patients. The most common cause of death in haemodialyzed and transplanted patients are cardiovascular complications. The main aim of the study was an echocardiographic (ECHO) assessment of selected cardiac parameters in heamodialyzed children...
2006: Przegla̧d Lekarski
Y C Ko, C T Lee, Y F Cheng, K H Hung, C Y Kuo, C C Huang, J B Chen
Tuberculosis remains an important cause of infection in chronic haemodialysis patients. Frequent extrapulmonary involvement, non-specific presentation and limited diagnostic tools usually make early diagnosis difficult. Herein, we report on an 83-year-old female patient who had been on regular heamodialysis therapy for 15 years, who presented with asymptomatic hypercalcaemia and pancytopenia. Haemophagocytic syndrome was documented during the admission period. Mycobacterium tuberculosis was cultured from bone marrow 1 month after her demise...
July 2004: International Journal of Clinical Practice
Ivic Pejcić, Amira Peco-Antić, Mirjana Kostić
The diagnosis of hypertension in patients on chronic haemodialysis is not easy because the blood pressure changes as a consequence of therapy (haemodialysis) and attenuated circadian rhythm of blood pressure is often present. The estimation of representative blood pressure levels is difficult because it is not known whether blood pressures measured before starting or after completion of haemodialysis are predictive for the average interdialytic blood pressure. Our group of patients consisted of 18 children with endstage renal failure, aged 13...
September 2002: Srpski Arhiv za Celokupno Lekarstvo
M A Miller, G A Sagnella, N D Markandu, G A MacGregor
A radioimmunoassay has been developed for measuring plasma neuropeptide-Y immunoreactivity using extraction on Sep-Pak C18 cartridges. Neuropeptide-Y concentrations (mean +/- SEM) in plasma from 15 normotensive individuals were 223.6 +/- 14.7 ng/l. Plasma concentrations were raised in 10 patients with heamodialysis-dependent chronic renal failure with values of 417.6 +/- 13.6 ng/l and in 3 patients with phaeochromocytoma the concentrations were 237 ng/l, 574 ng/l and 747 ng/l. Plasma neuropeptide-Y immunoreactivity was also measured in 10 normotensive individuals in response to a, hand-in-ice, cold pressor test...
November 15, 1990: Clinica Chimica Acta; International Journal of Clinical Chemistry
D P Sengar, A Rashid, J E Harris
Lymphocytes obtained from uraemic patients maintained on intermittent haemodialysis had a normal ability to respond to and stimulate allogeneic lymphocytes obtained from normal subjects in the mixed lymphocyte culture (MLC) reaction. The response of these uraemic lymphocytes to PHA and pokeweed mitogen (PWN) was also normal. Uraemic plasma from eight out of twenty-six patients studied, however, possessed blocking factor activity which suppressed the MLC reactivity of normal random donors and also the mitogenic response of allogeneic lymphocytes but not of autologous uraemic lymphocytes...
August 1975: Clinical and Experimental Immunology
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