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scapular assessment

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29874278/age-related-changes-in-upper-limb-motion-during-typical-development
#1
Cristina Simon-Martinez, Gabriela Lopes Dos Santos, Ellen Jaspers, Ruth Vanderschueren, Lisa Mailleux, Katrijn Klingels, Els Ortibus, Kaat Desloovere, Hilde Feys
BACKGROUND AND AIM: Understanding the maturation of upper limb (UL) movement characteristics in typically developing (TD) children is key to explore UL deficits in those with neurodevelopmental disorders. Three-dimensional motion analysis (3DMA) offers a reliable tool to comprehensively evaluate UL motion. However, studies thus far mainly focused on specific pre-defined parameters extracted from kinematic waveforms. Here, we investigated age-related differences in UL movement characteristics over the entire movement cycle in TD children...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29865029/comparison-of-grip-and-pinch-strength-in-young-women-with-and-without-hyperkyphosis-a-cross-sectional-study
#2
Amin Kordi Yoosefinejad, Farahnaz Ghaffarinejad, Mahbubeh Hemati, Narges Jamshidi
BACKGROUND: Hyperkyphosis is a common postural defect with high prevalence in the 20 to 50 year old population. It appears to compromise proximal scapular stability. Grip and pinch strength are used to evaluate general upper extremity function. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to compare pinch and grip strength between young women with and without hyperkyphosis. METHODS: Thirty young women (18-40 years old) with hyperkyphosis and 30 healthy women matched for age and body mass index participated in the study...
May 21, 2018: Journal of Back and Musculoskeletal Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29809085/reliability-of-clinical-assessment-methods-to-measure-scapular-upward-rotation-a-critically-appraised-topic
#3
Oliver Silverson, Nicole Cascia, Carolyn M Hettrich, Matt Hoch, Tim Uhl
Clinical Scenario: Assessing movement of the scapula is an important component in the evaluation and treatment of the shoulder complex. Currently, gold-standard methods to quantify scapular movement include invasive technique, radiation, and 3-Dimensional motion systems. This critically appraised topic (CAT) focuses on several clinical assessment methods of quantifying scapular upward rotation with respect to their reliability and clinical utility. CLINICAL QUESTION: Is there evidence for non-invasive methods that reliably assess clinical measures of scapular upward rotation in subjects with or without shoulder pathologies? Summary of Key Findings: Four studies were selected to be critically appraised...
May 29, 2018: Journal of Sport Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29807278/the-inter-and-intrarater-reliability-and-agreement-for-field-based-assessment-of-scapular-control-shoulder-range-of-motion-and-shoulder-isometric-strength-in-elite-adolescent-athletes
#4
M Møller, J Attermann, G Myklebust, M Lind, H Sørensen, J J Hebert, R O Nielsen, S L Bertelsen, N Wedderkopp
OBJECTIVES: To investigate the intra- and interrater reliability and agreement for field-based assessment of scapular control, shoulder range of motion (ROM), and shoulder isometric strength in elite youth athletes. DESIGN: Test-retest reliability and agreement study. SETTING: Eight blinded raters (two for each assessment) assessed players on field during two testing sessions separated by one week. PARTICIPANTS: 162 elite youth handball players with or without a history of previous shoulder pain within the preceding six months...
April 9, 2018: Physical Therapy in Sport
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29802066/diagnostic-value-of-clinical-tests-for-supraspinatus-tendon-tears
#5
Mirco Sgroi, Thomas Loitsch, Heiko Reichel, Thomas Kappe
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to analyze the diagnostic value of 7 clinical tests for the diagnosis of supraspinatus tendon tears, to investigate the ability of these tests to distinguish between partial- and full-thickness tears, and to compare 3 different ways of interpreting positive test results (weakness and pain): (1) in case of pain, (2) in case of weakness, regardless if with pain or not, and (3) when any of the 2 symptoms occurs, regardless if in combination or not. Moreover, this study aimed to investigate whether a combination of tests can improve the diagnostic accuracy...
May 22, 2018: Arthroscopy: the Journal of Arthroscopic & related Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29775865/influence-of-fatigue-and-velocity-on-the-latency-and-recruitment-order-of-scapular-muscles
#6
Guillermo Mendez-Rebolledo, Valeska Gatica-Rojas, Eduardo Guzman-Muñoz, Eduardo Martinez-Valdes, Rodrigo Guzman-Venegas, Francisco Jose Berral de la Rosa
OBJECTIVES: To determine the influence of velocity and fatigue on scapular muscle activation latency and recruitment order during a voluntary arm raise task, in healthy individuals. DESIGN: Cross-sectional study. SETTING: University laboratory. PARTICIPANTS: Twenty three male adults per group (high-velocity and low-velocity). MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: Onset latency of scapular muscles [Anterior deltoid (AD), lower trapezius (LT), middle trapezius (MT), upper trapezius (UT), and serratus anterior (SA)] was assessed by surface electromyography...
April 19, 2018: Physical Therapy in Sport
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29762283/five-to-ten-year-outcomes-of-operatively-treated-scapular-fractures
#7
Joscelyn M Tatro, Jeffrey A Gilbertson, Lisa K Schroder, Peter A Cole
BACKGROUND: The purpose of this study was to assess the 5 to 10-year clinical and patient-reported functional outcomes after open reduction and internal fixation (ORIF) of intra-articular and extra-articular scapular fractures. METHODS: We conducted a retrospective review of prospectively collected data on 106 patients who underwent ORIF of a scapular fracture at a single level-I trauma center between January 2005 and December 2010. Eight patients were excluded from the study because they had either severe neurologic injury or an isolated process fracture, and 66 patients (37 with an isolated extra-articular fracture and 29 with an intra-articular fracture) participated in the 5 to 10-year follow-up, yielding a follow-up rate of 67%...
May 16, 2018: Journal of Bone and Joint Surgery. American Volume
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29709414/contractile-property-measurement-of-the-torn-supraspinatus-muscle-using-real-time-tissue-elastography
#8
Takuma Yuri, Nariyuki Mura, Issei Yuki, Hiromi Fujii, Yoshiro Kiyoshige
HYPOTHESIS: In the restoration of shoulder abduction, decreased contractility of the torn rotator cuff muscle may be a cause of a poor result. The aim of this study was to investigate the relationship between the contractile property of the torn supraspinatus muscle measured by real-time tissue elastography and the Goutallier stage as modified by Fuchs et al. METHODS: The muscular hardness of the torn supraspinatus muscle was measured in 32 patients at rest and during isometric contraction with the shoulder abducted to 60° in the scapular plane...
April 27, 2018: Journal of Shoulder and Elbow Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29594176/scapular-dyskinesis-in-young-asymptomatic-elite-swimmers
#9
Jacopo Preziosi Standoli, Francesco Fratalocchi, Vittorio Candela, Tiziano Preziosi Standoli, Giuseppe Giannicola, Marco Bonifazi, Stefano Gumina
Background: Overhead athletes are at a greater risk of developing scapular dyskinesis (SD). Although swimming is considered an overhead sport, information regarding SD in these athletes is scarce. Purpose: To determine the prevalence of SD in young, asymptomatic elite swimmers. Study Design: Cross-sectional study; Level of evidence, 3. Methods: A total of 661 asymptomatic elite swimmers were enrolled in this study (344 male, 317 female; mean age, 15...
January 2018: Orthopaedic Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29577813/scapular-kinematics-during-scaption-in-competitive-swimmers
#10
Y Blache, B Gillet, J Selin, V Sevrez, I Rogowski
This study aimed (1) to describe and compare scapular kinematics between three groups of swimmers of different levels and a group of non-swimmers, and (2) to assess whether swimming practice alters the asymmetries in scapular kinematics between the dominant and non-dominant sides, both during unilateral arm raising and lowering in the scapular plane. Scapular kinematics were assessed bilaterally during arm raising and lowering in the scapular plane using an electromagnetic system in 42 healthy males, which were split into four groups: control (n = 11), adolescent elite swimmers (n = 11), adult elite swimmers (n = 10), and club-level adult swimmers (n = 10)...
March 24, 2018: European Journal of Sport Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29569944/shoulder-taping-and-neuromuscular-control
#11
Suzanne J Snodgrass, Scott F Farrell, Henry Tsao, Peter G Osmotherly, Darren A Rivett, Lucy S Chipchase, Siobhan M Schabrun
CONTEXT:   Scapular taping can offer clinical benefit to some patients with shoulder pain; however, the underlying mechanisms are unclear. Understanding these mechanisms may guide the development of treatment strategies for managing neuromusculoskeletal shoulder conditions. OBJECTIVE:   To examine the mechanisms underpinning the benefits of scapular taping. DESIGN:   Descriptive laboratory study. SETTING:   University laboratory...
April 2018: Journal of Athletic Training
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29566570/three-dimensional-assessment-of-the-asymptomatic-and-post-stroke-shoulder-intra-rater-test-retest-reliability-and-within-subject-repeatability-of-the-palpation-and-digitization-approach
#12
Liza A M Pain, Ross Baker, Qazi Zain Sohail, Denyse Richardson, Karl Zabjek, Jeremy P M Mogk, Anne M R Agur
PURPOSE: Altered three-dimensional (3D) joint kinematics can contribute to shoulder pathology, including post-stroke shoulder pain. Reliable assessment methods enable comparative studies between asymptomatic shoulders of healthy subjects and painful shoulders of post-stroke subjects, and could inform treatment planning for post-stroke shoulder pain. The study purpose was to establish intra-rater test-retest reliability and within-subject repeatability of a palpation/digitization protocol, which assesses 3D clavicular/scapular/humeral rotations, in asymptomatic and painful post-stroke shoulders...
March 23, 2018: Disability and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29564048/can-a-single-sagittal-magnetic-resonance-imaging-slice-represent-whole-fatty-infiltration-in-chronic-rotator-cuff-tears-at-the-supraspinatus
#13
Yong-Beom Lee, Cheol-Jung Yang, Cheng Zhen Li, Zhong Zhuan, Seung-Cheol Kwon, Kyu-Cheol Noh
Background: This study aimed to investigate whether fatty infiltration (FI) measured on a single sagittal magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) slice can represent FI of the whole supraspinatus muscle. Methods: This study retrospectively reviewed the MRIs of 106 patients (age 50-79 years) divided into three rotator cuff tear-size groups: medium, large, and massive. Fat mass and muscle mass on all T1-weighted sagittal MRI scans (FA and MA) were measured. Of the total MRI scans, the Y-view was defined as the most lateral image of the junction of the scapular spine with the scapular body on the oblique sagittal T1-weighted image...
March 2018: Clinics in Orthopedic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29535573/the-effects-of-double-oscillation-exercise-combined-with-elastic-band-exercise-on-scapular-stabilizing-muscle-strength-and-thickness-in-healthy-young-individuals-a-randomized-controlled-pilot-trial
#14
Jieun Cho, Kyeongbong Lee, Minkyu Kim, Joohee Hahn, Wanhee Lee
This study aimed to investigate the effect of double oscillation exercise combined with elastic band exercise on the strength and thickness ratio of the scapular stabilizing muscles in healthy young individuals. A total of 30 subjects (17 male, 13 female) were randomly assigned to an elastic band exercise group (EBG) (n = 15) or an elastic band plus double oscillation exercise group (EB-DOG) (n = 15). A total of 28 subjects completed the experiment and evaluation. Patients in the EBG performed the elastic band exercise for shoulder flexion, extension, abduction, adduction, horizontal abduction/adduction, and internal/external rotation for 30 minutes/session, five times/week, for four weeks...
March 2018: Journal of Sports Science & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29521801/the-combined-utility-of-efast-and-cxr-in-blunt-thoracic-trauma
#15
Morgan Schellenberg, Kenji Inaba, James M Bardes, Nicholas Orozco, Jessica Chen, Caroline Park, Tarina Kang, Demetrios Demetriades
BACKGROUND: Portable chest x-ray (CXR) and extended FAST (EFAST) screen patients for thoracic injury in the trauma bay. It is unclear if one test alone is sufficient, if both are required, or if the two investigations are complementary. Study objectives were to define the combined diagnostic yield of EFAST and CXR among stable blunt thoracic trauma patients and to determine if a normal EFAST and CXR might obviate the need for CT scan of the chest. METHODS: All blunt trauma patients ≥15 years presenting to LAC+USC Medical Center in 2016 were screened...
March 8, 2018: Journal of Trauma and Acute Care Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29509523/electrophysiology-of-muscle-fatigue-in-cardiopulmonary-resuscitation-on-manikin-model
#16
Carlos Cobo-Vázquez, Gemma De Blas, Pablo García-Canas, María Del Carmen Gasco-García
Cardiopulmonary resuscitation requires the provider to adopt positions that could be dangerous for his or her spine, specifically affecting the muscles and ligaments in the lumbar zone and the scapular spinal muscles. Increased fatigue caused by muscular activity during the resuscitation could produce a loss of quality and efficacy, resulting in compromising resuscitation. The aim of this study was to evaluate the maximum time a rescuer can perform uninterrupted chest compressions correctly without muscle fatigue...
2018: Anesthesia Progress
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29501915/analysis-of-the-kinetic-chain-in-asymptomatic-individuals-with-and-without-scapular-dyskinesis
#17
Elisa Doria Pires, Paula Rezende Camargo
BACKGROUND: This study measured strength of the trunk and hip, and compared Y Balance Test and Upper Quarter Y Balance Test in individuals without and with scapular dyskinesis. Strength and endurance of the scapulothoracic muscles were also assessed. METHODS: Forty-four individuals without shoulder pain were divided in 2 groups: without scapular dyskinesis (age 26.00, SD 4.10 years) and scapular dyskinesis (age 23.68, SD 4.20 years). Scapular dyskinesis was assessed by clinical observation of the scapular motion during arm elevation, and was classified as present or absent...
May 2018: Clinical Biomechanics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29499481/shoulder-mechanical-demands-of-slow-underwater-exercises-in-the-scapular-plane
#18
Jessy Lauer, João Paulo Vilas-Boas, Annie Hélène Rouard
BACKGROUND: The mechanical demands of underwater shoulder exercises have only been assessed indirectly via electromyographical measurements. Yet, this is insufficient to understand all the clinical implications. The purpose of this study was to evaluate musculoskeletal system loading during slow (30°/s) scapular plane arm elevation and lowering performed in two media (air vs water) and body positions (sitting vs supine). METHODS: Eighteen participants' upper bodies were scanned and virtually animated within unsteady numerical fluid flow simulations to compute hydrodynamic forces...
March 2018: Clinical Biomechanics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29494815/comparison-of-acromiohumeral-distance-in-symptomatic-and-asymptomatic-patient-shoulders-and-those-of-healthy-controls
#19
S Navarro-Ledesma, A Luque-Suarez
BACKGROUND: The reduction of the subacromial space has traditionally been linked to rotator cuff pathology. The contribution of this narrowing, both in the development and maintenance of rotator cuff tendinopathy, is still under debate. The objective of the present study was compare the acromiohumeral distance at 0 and 60 degrees of active shoulder abduction in scapular plane, static position, in both symptomatic and contralateral shoulders, between participants with unilateral rotator cuff related shoulder pain, and in asymptomatic participants...
March 2018: Clinical Biomechanics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29486672/reverse-shoulder-arthroplasty-for-the-treatment-of-acute-complex-proximal-humeral-fractures-influence-of-greater-tuberosity-healing-on-the-functional-outcomes
#20
Carlos Torrens, Eduard Alentorn-Geli, Felipe Mingo, Carlo Gamba, Fernando Santana
PURPOSE: To investigate the influence of greater tuberosity healing on the functional outcomes of reverse shoulder arthroplasty (RSA) for the treatment of acute complex proximal humeral fractures (PHFs), and to investigate the influence of patient- and surgery-related factors in the healing of the greater tuberosity. METHODS: Retrospective study including 41 consecutive PHFs treated using RSA with minimum 2-year follow-up. In all the cases, tuberosities were reattached with a standardized technique...
January 2018: Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery
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