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scapular assessment

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28183337/the-added-value-of-kinematic-evaluation-of-the-timed-finger-to-nose-test-in-persons-post-stroke
#1
Gudrun M Johansson, Helena Grip, Mindy F Levin, Charlotte K Häger
BACKGROUND: Upper limb coordination in persons post-stroke may be estimated by the commonly used Finger-to-Nose Test (FNT), which is also part of the Fugl-Meyer Assessment. The total movement time (TMT) is used as a clinical outcome measure, while kinematic evaluation also enables an objective quantification of movement quality and motor performance. Our aims were to kinematically characterize FNT performance in persons post-stroke and controls and to investigate the construct validity of the test in persons with varying levels of impairment post-stroke...
February 10, 2017: Journal of Neuroengineering and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28167190/change-of-pectoralis-minor-length-and-acromial-distance-during-scapular-retraction-at-60%C3%A2-shoulder-elevation
#2
Nitaya Viriyatharakij, Chatchada Chinkulprasert, Navarat Rakthim, Jetjaree Patumrat, Butsarin Ketruang
As the pectoralis minor muscle is inserted into the coracoid process, an improper length of this muscle would affect scapular and shoulder motions. Therefore, this study is proposed to assess the effects on pectoralis minor's length and acromial distance after active scapular retraction in scaption at 60° elevation. Sixty right-hand-dominant participants (11 males, 49 females) were randomized into an intervention group and a control group. The intervention group performed pectoralis minor muscle stretching by active scapular retraction, while the control group were asked to sit in an upright position...
January 2017: Journal of Bodywork and Movement Therapies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28145949/histological-evidence-of-muscle-degeneration-in-advanced-human-rotator-cuff-disease
#3
Michael C Gibbons, Anshu Singh, Oke Anakwenze, Timothy Cheng, Maxwill Pomerantz, Simon Schenk, Adam J Engler, Samuel R Ward
BACKGROUND: Cellular remodeling in rotator cuff muscles following a massive rotator cuff tear is poorly understood. The aim of the current study was to provide histological evidence to elucidate the mode of muscle loss in advanced human rotator cuff disease and to assess tissue-level changes in relation to findings on noninvasive imaging. METHODS: Rotator cuff muscle biopsy samples were taken from the scapular fossae from 23 consecutive patients undergoing reverse total shoulder arthroplasty in order to evaluate muscle composition in severe rotator cuff disease...
February 1, 2017: Journal of Bone and Joint Surgery. American Volume
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28144761/addition-of-the-apical-oblique-projection-increases-the-detection-of-acute-traumatic-shoulder-abnormalities-in-adults
#4
Kimberley J Ross, Grant R Tomkinson, Bonnie F McGregor, Oliver C Ayres, Diana Piscitelli
PURPOSE: Plain radiographic evaluation of acute shoulder trauma in adults requires a minimum of two projections, commonly the anteroposterior (AP) and lateral scapular projections, with additional projections taken for diagnosis. The aim of this retrospective study was to determine whether the addition of the apical oblique (AO) projection to the AP and lateral scapular projections increases the number and/or alters the types of abnormalities detected in the examination of acute shoulder trauma...
February 1, 2017: Emergency Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28144606/outcome-analysis-of-intra-articular-scapula-fracture-fixation-with-distal-radius-plate-a-multicenter-prospective-study
#5
Ranajit Panigrahi, Divya Madharia, Dibya Singha Das, Saswat Samant, Manas Ranjan Biswal
BACKGROUND: Scapula fractures occur in approximately 1% of all fractures and constitute about 3% - 5% of all injuries of the shoulder joint. OBJECTIVES: This study aimed to evaluate the clinical outcomes of 20 surgically treated patients with displaced glenoid fractures after stabilization with distal radius plate. METHODS: Between 2012 and 2015, at 2 centers (HMCH & SHCE) of Bhubaneswar Odisha, we stabilized 20 scapular intra-articular fractures surgically with distal radius locking plate and studied the outcome of the surgeries...
December 2016: Archives of Trauma Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28131692/radiographic-characterization-of-the-b2-glenoid-is-inclusion-of-the-entirety-of-the-scapula-necessary
#6
Peter N Chalmers, Dane Salazar, Aaron Chamberlain, Jay D Keener
BACKGROUND: Computed tomography (CT) scans are often obtained before total shoulder arthroplasty to assess glenoid deformity. To allow correction of the slice axis into the plane of the scapula, these scans have typically required inclusion of the entirety of the scapula. The purpose of this study was to determine whether inclusion of the medial border and inferior angle is necessary for accurate measurement of scapular version, inclination, and humeral subluxation. METHODS: Fourteen CT scans in preoperative total shoulder arthroplasty patients with Walch B2 type glenoids underwent a standardized measurement protocol...
January 25, 2017: Journal of Shoulder and Elbow Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28104592/handball-load-and-shoulder-injury-rate-a-31-week-cohort-study-of-679-elite-youth-handball-players
#7
M Møller, R O Nielsen, J Attermann, N Wedderkopp, M Lind, H Sørensen, G Myklebust
BACKGROUND: Knowledge of injury patterns, an essential step towards injury prevention, is lacking in youth handball. AIM: To investigate if an increase in handball load is associated with increased shoulder injury rates compared with a minor increase or decrease, and if an association is influenced by scapular control, isometric shoulder strength or glenohumeral range of motion (ROM). METHODS: 679 players (14-18 years) provided weekly reports on shoulder injury and handball load (training and competition hours) over 31 weeks using the SMS, phone and medical examination system...
January 19, 2017: British Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28099302/comparison-of-ultrasound-and-mri-for-the-diagnosis-of-glenohumeral-dysplasia-in-brachial-plexus-birth-palsy
#8
Kenneth W Donohue, Kevin J Little, John P Gaughan, Scott H Kozin, Brian D Norton, Dan A Zlotolow
BACKGROUND: In this study, we investigated the agreement between measurements made on ultrasound and those made on magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) in the assessment of glenohumeral dysplasia resulting from brachial plexus birth palsy. METHODS: Thirty-nine patients (14 male and 25 female) with brachial plexus birth palsy were evaluated at 2 tertiary care centers. All patients underwent ultrasonography and MRI for suspected glenohumeral dysplasia. Studies were obtained at an average of 2 months apart (range, 0 to 6 months)...
January 18, 2017: Journal of Bone and Joint Surgery. American Volume
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28089606/parasacral-transcutaneous-electrical-neural-stimulation-ptens-once-a-week-for-the-treatment-of-overactive-bladder-in-children-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#9
Lidyanne Ilidia da Silva de Paula, Liliana Fajardo de Oliveira, Brysa Paiva Cruz, Dayana Maria de Oliveira, Laís Maini Miranda, Mauro de Moraes Ribeiro, Raphaela Ornellas Duque, André Avarese de Figueiredo, José de Bessa, José Murillo Bastos Netto
INTRODUCTION: Overactive bladder (OAB) is the most prevalent voiding disorder in childhood, and its main manifestation is urinary urgency. In general, urotherapy and anticholinergics are the first choices of treatment. Parasacral Transcutaneous Electrical Neural Stimulation (PTENS) was introduced as an alternative for the treatment of detrusor overactivity in children, but treatment protocols described to date require several sessions per week or long-lasting sessions, making it difficult for the child to adhere to the treatment...
December 21, 2016: Journal of Pediatric Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28062098/midshaft-clavicle-fractures-with-associated-ipsilateral-acromioclavicular-joint-dislocations-incidence-and-risk-factors
#10
Christina Ottomeyer, Benjamin C Taylor, Mark Isaacson, Lara Martinez, Pierce Ebaugh, Bruce G French
INTRODUCTION: Simultaneous ipsilateral clavicle and acromioclavicular (AC) joint injury have been infrequently reported in the literature at this time. The purpose of this study was to assess incidence as well as assess risk factors for this dual injury pattern. METHODS: We performed a retrospective review of a prospectively collected database (Level III evidence), evaluating 383 adult patients without previous shoulder girdle injury or trauma with a minimum 1-year follow-up who sustained a displaced diaphyseal clavicle fracture...
February 2017: Injury
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28050422/yoga-practice-for-reducing-the-male-obesity-and-weight-related-psychological-difficulties-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#11
P B Rshikesan, Pailoor Subramanya, Ram Nidhi
INTRODUCTION: Obesity is a health disorder and increasing all over the world. It is also a cause for many non-communicable diseases. Yoga practice reduces the stress level which may improve the eating habits and help in weight reduction. AIM: To assess the final outcome of the effects after 3 months of the 14 weeks yoga training on obesity of adult male in an urban setting. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This was a randomized controlled trial with parallel groups (Yoga and Control groups) on male obese...
November 2016: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27997467/functional-outcomes-of-operative-management-of-scapula-fractures-in-a-geriatric-cohort
#12
Peter A Cole, Jeffrey A Gilbertson, Peter A Cole
OBJECTIVES: To analyze functional outcomes, motion, and strength in patients 65 years of age and older who underwent operative management of a scapula fracture. DESIGN: Retrospective review of prospective database. SETTING: A single level-1 teaching trauma center. PATIENTS/PARTICIPANTS: Two hundred fifty patients with scapula fractures were operated between January 2002 and March 2014. A review identified 16 geriatric patients 65 years of age and older...
January 2017: Journal of Orthopaedic Trauma
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27987469/investigation-of-associations-between-recurrence-of-major-depressive-disorder-and-spinal-posture-alignment-a-quantitative-cross-sectional-study
#13
Janette Z Canales, Juliana T Fiquer, Rodolfo N Campos, Márcio Gerhardt Soeiro-de-Souza, Ricardo Alberto Moreno
The aim of this study was to investigate associations between poor spinal posture and the recurrence of major depressive episodes and severity of symptoms in patients with major depressive disorder (MDD). This was a cross-sectional quantitative study of MDD patients. Outpatients were recruited from consecutive admissions at a mood disorders unit of a tertiary psychiatric hospital. Of 136 MDD patients, 72 (53 women, 19 men; mean age, 42.4±9.1years) met all the criteria and completed the study. Forty-one patients were classified with a recurrent episode (RE) of MDD and 31 with a single episode (SE)...
December 12, 2016: Gait & Posture
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27977028/surgical-management-of-dorsal-scapular-luxation-in-three-dogs
#14
Stephen C Jones, Selena Tinga, Erin G Porter, Daniel Lewis
Scapular luxation is an uncommon cause of forelimb lameness in dogs and cats. Traumatic rupture of the serratus ventralis muscle allows the scapula to displace dorsally during weight-bearing. Specific documentation regarding clinical presentation and surgical techniques is limited, with no medium- to long-term results of surgical intervention in dogs described. Presented here are three cases of scapular luxation in dogs, treated with a modified surgical technique. Clinical outcome was considered good to excellent, with resolution of lameness and abnormal scapular motion in all three dogs...
December 15, 2016: Veterinary and Comparative Orthopaedics and Traumatology: V.C.O.T
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27955805/arthroscopic-treatment-of-snapping-scapula-syndrome-outcomes-at-minimum-of-2%C3%A2-years
#15
Travis J Menge, Marilee P Horan, Dimitri S Tahal, Justin J Mitchell, J Christoph Katthagen, Peter J Millett
PURPOSE: To investigate clinical outcomes after primary and revision arthroscopic treatment for snapping scapula syndrome (SSS) and identify predictive factors associated with outcomes. METHODS: Patients who underwent arthroscopic treatment for SSS between October 2005 and December 2013 were identified in a prospectively collected database. The inclusion criteria were patients with a diagnosis of symptomatic SSS, in whom extensive nonoperative modalities failed, who underwent arthroscopic surgery for SSS, and who had undergone surgery a minimum of 2 years earlier...
December 7, 2016: Arthroscopy: the Journal of Arthroscopic & related Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27942696/pain-and-posture-of-children-and-adolescents-who-learn-the-accordion-as-compared-with-non-musician-students
#16
Liliana Aparicio, Filipa Mb Lã, Anabela G Silva
OBJECTIVES: This study assessed the effect of practicing the accordion on pain and posture of children and adolescent students. METHODS: Pain and posture (forward head posture, scapular posture, and lumbar lordosis) were compared between two groups of preparatory and secondary school students, matched for age and sex: those who took accordion lessons (accordionists, n=16) and those who never studied a musical instrument (non-musicians, n=16). RESULTS: Students taking accordion lessons reported significantly more pain in the shoulder, wrist/hand, and thoracic regions (p<0...
December 2016: Medical Problems of Performing Artists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27942162/upward-pulling-plus-exercise-improves-scapulocostal-pain-and-scapular-position
#17
Won-Gyu Yoo
[Purpose] To investigate the effect of upward pulling combined with shoulder retraction (upward pulling plus exercise) on scapulocostal pain and scapular position. [Subject and Methods] A 22-year-old woman with severe pain in the right and left scapulocostal areas. The horizontal distance from the inferior angle to the spinal process was measured. The tester assessed scapulocostal pain after stretching and massage. The tester assessed pain after upward pulling plus exercise. [Results] Left and right scapulocostal pain reduced to 2/10 after the upward pulling plus exercise...
November 2016: Journal of Physical Therapy Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27916706/the-influence-of-test-positions-on-clinical-assessment-for-scapular-dyskinesis
#18
Simin Deng, Kang Chen, Yanhong Ma, Juan Chen, Mi Huang
BACKGROUND: Appropriate evaluation of scapular dyskinesis is essential for therapeutic strategies. Although the current visual-based assessment is rapid and practical, the reliability of this method is unsatisfactory. It is necessary to adequately understand the conditions of assessment to maximize the benefit of therapeutic interventions. OBJECTIVE: To explore the influence of different test positions on clinical assessment for scapular dyskinesis. DESIGN: Observational study...
December 1, 2016: PM & R: the Journal of Injury, Function, and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27915585/the-impact-of-office-chair-features-on-lumbar-lordosis-intervertebral-joint-and-sacral-tilt-angles-a-radiographic-assessment
#19
Diana De Carvalho, Diane Grondin, Jack Callaghan
BACKGROUND: The purpose of this study was to determine which office chair feature is better at improving spine posture in sitting. METHOD: Participants (n = 28) were radiographed in standing, maximum flexion and seated in four chair conditions: control, lumbar support, seat pan tilt and backrest with scapular relief. Measures of lumbar lordosis, intervertebral joint angles and sacral tilt were compared between conditions and sex. RESULTS: Sitting consisted of approximately 70% of maximum range of spine flexion...
December 23, 2016: Ergonomics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27900708/can-posterior-capsular-stretching-rehabilitation-protocol-change-scapula-kinematics-in-asymptomatic-baseball-pitchers
#20
A Pellegrini, P Tonino, D Salazar, K Hendrix, I Parel, A Cutti, P Paladini, F Ceccarelli, G Porcellini
PURPOSE: Scapular dyskinesis is a recognized cause of shoulder pain in the throwing shoulder of baseball pitchers and athletes who participate in overhead sports. Past studies have assessed scapular kinematics using electromagnetic tracking devices and have shown a correlation between posterior shoulder tightness and forward scapular posture. The purpose of our study is to evaluate the scapular kinematics, before and after a 4-week posterior stretching protocol in asymptomatic pitchers...
December 2016: Musculoskeletal Surgery
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