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scapular assessment

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27900708/can-posterior-capsular-stretching-rehabilitation-protocol-change-scapula-kinematics-in-asymptomatic-baseball-pitchers
#1
A Pellegrini, P Tonino, D Salazar, K Hendrix, I Parel, A Cutti, P Paladini, F Ceccarelli, G Porcellini
PURPOSE: Scapular dyskinesis is a recognized cause of shoulder pain in the throwing shoulder of baseball pitchers and athletes who participate in overhead sports. Past studies have assessed scapular kinematics using electromagnetic tracking devices and have shown a correlation between posterior shoulder tightness and forward scapular posture. The purpose of our study is to evaluate the scapular kinematics, before and after a 4-week posterior stretching protocol in asymptomatic pitchers...
December 2016: Musculoskeletal Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27900545/functional-and-oncological-outcome-after-surgical-resection-of-the-scapula-and-clavicle-for-primary-chondrosarcoma
#2
S P F T Nota, M J A M Russchen, K A Raskin, H J Mankin, F J Hornicek, J H Schwab
PURPOSE: The scapula is a relatively common site for chondrosarcoma to develop in contrary to the clavicle, which is rarely affected by these tumors. The aim of this study is to determine the functional and oncological outcome for patients treated operatively for scapular or clavicular chondrosarcoma. METHODS: In this single-center retrospective study, we included a sample of 20 patients that received the diagnosis of a primary chondrosarcoma of the scapula or clavicle...
November 29, 2016: Musculoskeletal Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27891357/effect-of-integrated-approach-of-yoga-therapy-on-male-obesity-and-psychological-parameters-a-randomised-controlled-trial
#3
P B Rshikesan, Pailoor Subramanya
INTRODUCTION: Obesity is a growing global epidemic and cause of non-communicable diseases. Yoga is one of the effective ways to reduce stress which is one of the causes of obesity. AIM: To assess the effect of Integrated Approach of Yoga Therapy (IAYT) yoga module on adult male obesity in an urban setting. MATERIALS AND METHODS: RCT (Randomized Controlled Trial) was conducted for 14 weeks on obese male subjects with yoga and control groups...
October 2016: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27887871/radiographic-results-of-augmented-all-polyethylene-glenoids-in-the-presence-of-posterior-glenoid-bone-loss-during-total-shoulder-arthroplasty
#4
Scott P Stephens, Edwin E Spencer, Michael A Wirth
BACKGROUND: Chronic osteoarthritis can result in glenohumeral subluxation and loss of posterior glenoid bone. This can alter normal glenohumeral biomechanics and affect the stress placed on the glenoid implant after total shoulder arthroplasty. This study evaluated the clinical and radiographic results of an augmented all-polyethylene glenoid for the treatment of glenoid osteoarthritis in the presence of posterior glenoid bone loss and determined whether any failures or complications occurred with short-term follow-up...
November 22, 2016: Journal of Shoulder and Elbow Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27858226/conversions-from-anatomic-shoulder-replacements-to-reverse-total-shoulder-arthroplasty-do-the-indications-for-initial-surgery-influence-the-clinical-outcome-after-revision-surgery
#5
Malte Holschen, Bastian Franetzki, Kai-Axel Witt, Dennis Liem, Jörn Steinbeck
INTRODUCTION: The most frequent indications for anatomic shoulder replacement are glenohumeral osteoarthritis and fractures of the humeral head. If anatomic shoulder prostheses fail, reverse total shoulder arthroplasty is often the only remaining treatment option. This study evaluates the influence of indications for primary shoulder arthroplasty on the clinical outcome after conversion to reverse total shoulder arthroplasty. MATERIALS AND METHODS: From 2010 to 2012, 44 failed shoulder arthroplasties were converted to reverse total shoulder arthroplasty...
November 17, 2016: Archives of Orthopaedic and Trauma Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27822642/bone-age-estimation-based-on-multislice-computed-tomography-study-of-the-scapula
#6
Florence Nougarolis, Fatima-Zohra Mokrane, Nicolas Sans, Hervé Rousseau, Fabrice Dedouit, Norbert Telmon
Progress in medical imaging has opened new areas of research in forensic anthropology, especially in the context of the study of bone age assessment. The study of bone age has become a useful tool for age estimation at death or age of young adult migrants in an anthropological context. We retrospectively evaluated multislice computed tomography (MSCT) explorations focused on scapulae of 232 individuals (123 males; 109 females) aged between 8 and 30 years old. Computed tomography (CT) scans were viewed in axial and multiplanar reconstructed images using OsiriX 5...
November 7, 2016: International Journal of Legal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27807112/reverse-total-shoulder-arthroplasty-without-bone-grafting-for-severe-glenoid-bone-loss-in-patients-with-osteoarthritis-and-intact-rotator-cuff
#7
Edward G McFarland, Gazi Huri, Yoon Suk Hyun, Steve A Petersen, Uma Srikumaran
BACKGROUND: Treating shoulders with osteoarthritis, an intact rotator cuff, and substantial glenoid bone loss is challenging. One option is reaming the glenoid flat and inserting a reverse prosthesis. This study reports the subjective, objective, and radiographic results of reverse total shoulder arthroplasty (RTSA) in this population. METHODS: We retrospectively reviewed 42 consecutive patients (23 women; mean age, 71 years [range, 53 to 89 years]) with primary glenohumeral osteoarthritis, intact rotator cuffs, and Walch type-A2 (n = 19), B2 (n = 5), or C glenoids (n = 18) who had undergone a total of 42 RTSAs with glenoid reaming without bone-grafting between 2008 and 2013 (mean follow-up, 36 months [range, 24 to 66 months])...
November 2, 2016: Journal of Bone and Joint Surgery. American Volume
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27803227/comparison-of-measurements-of-the-glenopolar-angle-in-3d-ct-reconstructions-of-the-scapula-and-2d-plain-radiographic-views
#8
T Suter, H B Henninger, Y Zhang, J D Wylie, R Z Tashjian
AIMS: The aim of this study was to analyse the effect of altered viewing perspectives on the measurement of the glenopolar angle (GPA) and the differences between these measurements made on 3D CT reconstructions and anteroposterior (AP) scapular view radiographs. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The influence of the viewing perspective on the GPA was assessed, as were the differences in the measurements of the GPA between 3D CT reconstructions and AP scapular view radiographs in 68 cadaveric scapulae...
November 2016: Bone & Joint Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27799716/the-effects-of-wall-slide-and-sling-slide-exercises-on-scapular-alignment-and-pain-in-subjects-with-scapular-downward-rotation
#9
Tae-Ho Kim, Jin-Yong Lim
[Purpose] The present study was performed to evaluate the changes in the scapular alignment, pressure pain threshold and pain in subjects with scapular downward rotation after 4 weeks of wall slide exercise or sling slide exercise. [Subjects and Methods] Twenty-two subjects with scapular downward rotation participated in this study. The alignment of the scapula was measured using radiographic analysis (X-ray). Pain and pressure pain threshold were assessed using visual analogue scale and digital algometer. Patients were assessed before and after a 4 weeks of exercise...
September 2016: Journal of Physical Therapy Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27756724/effect-of-swim-training-on-the-physical-characteristics-of-competitive-adolescent-swimmers
#10
Elizabeth E Hibberd, Kevin G Laudner, Kristen L Kucera, David J Berkoff, Bing Yu, Joseph B Myers
BACKGROUND: Subacromial space distance and forward head and shoulder posture are common characteristics resulting from swim training. These alterations can cause abnormal scapular kinematics and positioning, potentially increasing compression of structures in the subacromial space and increasing the risk for the development of swimmer's shoulder. PURPOSE: To evaluate the effect of the swim training season on subacromial space distance and forward head and forward shoulder posture as well as to determine the relationship between these variables...
November 2016: American Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27755048/pressure-ulcers-in-the-intensive-care-unit-an-analysis-of-skin-barrier-risk-factors
#11
Minjuan He, Amao Tang, Xuedi Ge, Jie Zheng
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to determine whether skin barrier factors were associated with the common complication of pressure ulcers (PrUs) in intensive care unit (ICU) patients. It is unclear whether skin barrier factors influence the development of PrUs. PATIENT POPULATION: The sample was composed of 102 ICU patients (54 men, 48 women). The patients ranged in age from 23 to 88 years, with a mean age of 55.7 (SD, 19.1) years. METHODS: Demographic variables and the score for the Acute Physiology and Chronic Health Evaluation IV were recorded on admission...
November 2016: Advances in Skin & Wound Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27742246/influence-of-glenosphere-size-on-the-development-of-scapular-notching-a-prospective-randomized-study
#12
Carlos Torrens, Pau Guirro, Joan Miquel, Fernando Santana
HYPOTHESIS: The objective of the study was to evaluate the development of scapular notching in reverse shoulder arthroplasty by comparing larger glenospheres (42 mm) with smaller glenospheres (38 mm). METHODS: This was a prospective randomized study of 81 patients who had undergone reverse shoulder arthroplasty with a 2-year follow-up. Patients were randomized to receive either a 42-mm glenosphere (38 patients) or a 38-mm glenosphere (43 patients). Scapular notching development was assessed with an anteroposterior radiograph at the end of the follow-up...
November 2016: Journal of Shoulder and Elbow Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27734220/acute-high-grade-acromioclavicular-joint-injuries-quality-of-life-comparison-between-patients-managed-operatively-with-a-hook-plate-versus-patients-managed-non-operatively
#13
Luis Gerardo Natera Cisneros, Juan Sarasquete Reiriz
INTRODUCTION: Surgical indication for acromioclavicular joint (ACJ) injuries still represents a reason for shoulder and trauma debate. In high-grade injuries, surgery is advocated because some of the non-operatively managed patients may have persistent shoulder pain that could make them unable to return to their previous activity. It has been shown that many of the patients with high-grade ACJ injuries that are managed non-operatively involve the development of scapular dyskinesis, situation that may result in loss of strength and weakness...
October 12, 2016: European Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery & Traumatology: Orthopédie Traumatologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27725102/a-comparison-of-bone-resorption-over-time-an-analysis-of-the-free-scapular-iliac-crest-and-fibular-microvascular-flaps-in-mandibular-reconstruction
#14
Tommy Wilkman, Satu Apajalahti, Erika Wilkman, Jyrki Törnwall, Patrik Lassus
PURPOSE: The aim of the present study was to compare the resorption of the bone in the free scapular, free iliac crest, and free fibular microvascular flaps in mandibular reconstruction over time. PATIENTS AND METHODS: In the present retrospective study, we analyzed 186 consecutive patients with scapular, fibular, or deep circumflex iliac artery (DCIA) osseous free microvascular flaps in mandibular reconstruction. We followed up the patients clinically and using multislice computed tomography (MSCT) with volume analyses of the bone...
September 15, 2016: Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27721004/differences-in-scapular-orientation-between-standing-and-sitting-postures-at-rest-and-in-120%C3%A2-scaption-a-cross-sectional-study
#15
Leanda McKenna, Xavier Cornwall, Sian Williams
BACKGROUND: Scapular orientation may be influenced by static body posture (sitting and standing) and contribute to the development of shoulder pain. Therefore, a consistent body posture should be considered when assessing scapular orientation as well as enhancing optimal scapular positioning. OBJECTIVE: To determine whether there are differences in scapular orientation between standing, neutral sitting, and habitual sitting, while adjusting for spinal posture. DESIGN: A single group randomized repeated measures study...
October 6, 2016: PM & R: the Journal of Injury, Function, and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27707848/functional-outcomes-after-operative-management-of-extra-articular-glenoid-neck-and-scapular-body-fractures
#16
Lisa K Schroder, Erich M Gauger, Jeffrey A Gilbertson, Peter A Cole
BACKGROUND: This study's purpose was to assess patient-based functional outcomes following open reduction and internal fixation (ORIF) of displaced scapular body and glenoid neck fractures. This series represents a 9-year experience at a level-I trauma center and referral destination for this injury. METHODS: A database was established to record surgical and functional outcomes of scapular fractures treated with ORIF. For this report, the cases of all patients who had a glenoid neck or scapular body fracture (AO/OTA 14-A3 or 14-C1) without intra-articular involvement were reviewed...
October 5, 2016: Journal of Bone and Joint Surgery. American Volume
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27705061/errors-in-shoulder-joint-position-sense-mainly-come-from-the-glenohumeral-joint
#17
Yin-Liang Lin, Andrew Karduna
While synchronous movement of glenohumeral and scapulothoracic joints has been emphasized in previous kinematics studies, most investigations of shoulder joint position sense have treated the shoulder complex as a single joint. The purposes of this study were to investigate the joint position sense errors of the humerothoracic, glenohumeral and scapulothoracic joints at different elevation angles and to examine whether the errors of the glenohumeral and scapulothoracic joints contribute to the errors of the humerothoracic joint...
October 5, 2016: Journal of Applied Biomechanics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27676854/evolution-of-isokinetic-torque-ratios-of-shoulder-rotator-muscles
#18
Maryne Cozette, Stéphane Delanaud, Pierre-Marie Lepretre, Thierry Weissland
OBJECTIVE: Shoulder internal (IR) and external rotator (ER) muscles play an important role in the stability of glenohumeral joint. The ratio between the peak torque of ER and IR in concentric (ER/IRPT) and mixed (ER-ECC/IR-CONPT) are usually measured to evaluate the effects of muscle weakness, sport activities, injury and treatment (Greenfield et al., 1990; Scoville et al., 1997). However, ER/IRPT and ER-ECC/IR-CONPT failed to provide some indication on the evolution of the ER/IR torque ratio (ER/IRTorque) and mixed torque ratio (ER-EC/IR-COTorque) during the range of motion (ROM)...
September 2016: Annals of Physical and Rehabilitation Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27676744/shoulder-joint-moment-work-and-power-during-slow-underwater-scapular-plane-abduction-adduction
#19
Jessy Lauer, Stéphane Vigier, Frédéric Delage, Alain Meudec, Jean-Michel Pollet, João Paulo Vilas-Boas, Annie Rouard
OBJECTIVE: Aquatic shoulder exercises are widely implemented into rehabilitation programs to provide early muscle strengthening and improved joint mobility. However, since the drag - the force exerted by the water on the moving segments - is very hard to measure, an in-depth knowledge of internal joint load is lacking, which ultimately prevents healthcare professionals from understanding all clinical implications. For the first time, shoulder joint moment, work, and power were calculated through a novel, validated numerical approach coupling fluid flow simulations and inverse dynamics...
September 2016: Annals of Physical and Rehabilitation Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27676742/kinematic-analysis-of-the-scapula-after-total-anatomic-and-reverse-shoulder-arthroplasty
#20
Alexandra Roren, Marie-Martine Lefevre-Colau, Agnès Roby-Brami, Christelle Nguyen, Serge Poiraudeau
OBJECTIVE: Scapular motion is essential for full, functional mobility of the arm. Many shoulder pathologies are associated with alterations of scapular kinematics which have been only little studied in total shoulder arthroplasties. The aim of this study was to compare the 3D scapula kinematics in two groups of patients with total shoulder anatomic (aTSA) or reverse (rTSA) arthoplasties to asymptomatic controls of comparable age during two arm elevation tasks (abduction and flexion) and two simulations of activity of daily living ("hair combing" and "back washing")...
September 2016: Annals of Physical and Rehabilitation Medicine
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