keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

health inequity

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28239936/the-cancer-care-experiences-of-gay-lesbian-and-bisexual-patients-a-secondary-analysis-of-data-from-the-uk-cancer-patient-experience-survey
#1
N J Hulbert-Williams, C O Plumpton, P Flowers, R McHugh, R D Neal, J Semlyen, L Storey
Understanding the effects of population diversity on cancer-related experiences is a priority in oncology care. Previous research demonstrates inequalities arising from variation in age, gender and ethnicity. Inequalities and sexual orientation remain underexplored. Here, we report, for the first time in the UK, a quantitative secondary analysis of the 2013 UK National Cancer Patient Experience Survey which contains 70 questions on specific aspects of care, and six on overall care experiences. 68,737 individuals responded, of whom 0...
February 27, 2017: European Journal of Cancer Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28239745/differences-in-healthy-life-expectancy-between-older-migrants-and-non-migrants-in-three-european-countries-over-time
#2
Matias Reus-Pons, Eva U B Kibele, Fanny Janssen
OBJECTIVES: We analysed differences in healthy life expectancy at age 50 (HLE50) between migrants and non-migrants in Belgium , the Netherlands, and England and Wales, and their trends over time between 2001 and 2011 in the latter two countries. METHODS: Population, mortality and health data were derived from registers, census or surveys. HLE50 and the share of remaining healthy life years were calculated for non-migrants, western and non-western migrants by sex...
February 26, 2017: International Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28238996/housing-and-health-outcomes-of-persons-living-with-hiv-aids-plwhas-in-the-lower-manya-krobo-district-ghana
#3
Eric Y Tenkorang, Adobea Y Owusu, Amos K Laar
OBJECTIVE: Although emerging in Western industrialized societies, limited research exists on the links between housing and health outcomes for persons living with HIV/AIDS (PLWHAs) in sub-Saharan Africa (SSA). METHODS: Using survey data collected from 605 PLWHAs in the Lower Manya Krobo district of Ghana, this paper examined the effects of housing structure, arrangements, accessibility and conditions on the physical and psychological/emotional health of respondents...
2017: Journal of Health Care for the Poor and Underserved
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28238720/trends-in-health-inequalities-in-developing-countries
#4
Davidson R Gwatkin
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 23, 2017: Lancet Global Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28238719/the-contribution-of-poor-and-rural-populations-to-national-trends-in-reproductive-maternal-newborn-and-child-health-coverage-analyses-of-cross-sectional-surveys-from-64-countries
#5
Cesar G Victora, Aluisio J D Barros, Giovanny V A França, Inácio C M da Silva, Liliana Carvajal-Velez, Agbessi Amouzou
BACKGROUND: Coverage levels for essential interventions aimed at reducing deaths of mothers and children are increasing steadily in most low-income and middle-income countries. We assessed how much poor and rural populations in these countries are benefiting from national-level progress. METHODS: We analysed trends in a composite coverage indicator (CCI) based on eight reproductive, maternal, newborn, and child health interventions in 209 national surveys in 64 countries, from Jan 1, 1994, to Dec 31, 2014...
February 23, 2017: Lancet Global Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28238476/socioeconomic-inequalities-to-accessing-vaccination-against-human-papillomavirus-in-france-results-of-the-health-health-care-and-insurance-survey-2012
#6
J-P Guthmann, C Pelat, N Célant, I Parent du Chatelet, N Duport, T Rochereau, D Lévy-Bruhl
BACKGROUND: In France, human papillomavirus (HPV) vaccination coverage among adolescents and young women is low and decreasing. We analysed data from the 2012 Health, Health Care and Insurance Survey with the aim of identifying factors associated with this vaccination. We also compared the socioeconomic profile of unvaccinated young women to that of women who do not undergo cervical cancer screening (CCS). METHODS: Data were collected through interviews and self-administered questionnaires completed by a randomised sample of Health insurance beneficiaries...
February 23, 2017: Revue D'épidémiologie et de Santé Publique
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28237744/income-inequality-widens-the-existing-income-related-disparity-in-depression-risk-in-post-apartheid-south-africa-evidence-from-a-nationally-representative-panel-study
#7
Jonathan K Burns, Andrew Tomita, Crick Lund
AIM: Income inequality (II) and poverty are major challenges in South Africa (SA) yet little is known about their interaction on population mental health. We explored relationships between district II, household income (HHI) and depressive symptoms in national panel data. METHOD: We used 3 waves (2008, 2010, 2012) of the SA National Income Dynamics Study (n=25936) in adjusted mixed effects logistic regression to assess if the relationship between HHI and depressive symptoms is dependent on level of II...
February 23, 2017: Health & Place
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28237367/dollar-for-dollar-racial-and-ethnic-inequalities-in-health-and-health-related-outcomes-among-persons-with-very-high-income
#8
Kanetha B Wilson, Roland J Thorpe, Thomas A LaVeist
Racial and ethnic disparities in health have been well-documented, and low SES is widely considered to be a driver of this relationship. However, the race-social class-health interrelationship is complex, as several studies have found race disparities between racial/ethnic minorities and whites at middle- income levels. Research on higher income persons is complicated by the lack of data for persons with incomes about $75,000. Most national datasets collect income data in categories with the highest income category being $75,000 and above...
March 2017: Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28237196/using-cost-effectiveness-analysis-to-address-health-equity-concerns
#9
Richard Cookson, Andrew J Mirelman, Susan Griffin, Miqdad Asaria, Bryony Dawkins, Ole Frithjof Norheim, Stéphane Verguet, Anthony J Culyer
This articles serves as a guide to using cost-effectiveness analysis (CEA) to address health equity concerns. We first introduce the "equity impact plane," a tool for considering trade-offs between improving total health-the objective underpinning conventional CEA-and equity objectives, such as reducing social inequality in health or prioritizing the severely ill. Improving total health may clash with reducing social inequality in health, for example, when effective delivery of services to disadvantaged communities requires additional costs...
February 2017: Value in Health: the Journal of the International Society for Pharmacoeconomics and Outcomes Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28236488/perceived-discrimination-and-self-rated-health-in-the-immigrant-population-of-the-basque-country-spain
#10
Elena Rodriguez-Alvarez, Yolanda González-Rábago, Luisa N Borrell, Nerea Lanborena
OBJECTIVE: To examine the effect of perceived discrimination and self-rated health among the immigrant population in the Basque Country, Spain, and determine whether this effect varies according to region of origin, age, sex and education. METHODS: Descriptive cross-sectional study. The study population included immigrants aged 18 and older residing in the Basque Country. Data from the 2014 Foreign Immigrant Population Survey (n=3,456) were used. Log-binomial regression was used to quantify the association between perceived discrimination and self-rated health before and after checking for the selected characteristics...
February 21, 2017: Gaceta Sanitaria
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28236340/social-deprivation-and-stroke-severity-on-admission-a-french-cohort-study-in-burgundy-and-the-west-indies-guyana-region
#11
Y Béjot, A Guilloteau, J Joux, A Lannuzel, E Mimeau, C Mislin-Tritsch, I Fournel, C Bonithon-Kopp
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Although there is growing and convincing evidence that socially deprived patients are at higher risk of stroke and worse outcomes, it remains controversial whether or not they suffer more severe stroke. This study aimed to evaluate the influence of social deprivation on initial clinical severity in patients with stroke. METHODS: A total of 1536 consecutive patients with an acute first-ever stroke (both ischaemic stroke and intracerebral hemorrhage) were prospectively enrolled from six French study centers...
February 25, 2017: European Journal of Neurology: the Official Journal of the European Federation of Neurological Societies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28235835/explaining-socioeconomic-inequalities-in-exclusive-breast-feeding-in-norway
#12
Anne Bærug, Petter Laake, Beate Fossum Løland, Thorkild Tylleskär, Elisabeth Tufte, Atle Fretheim
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: In high-income countries, lower socioeconomic position is associated with lower rates of breast feeding, but it is unclear what factors explain this inequality. Our objective was to examine the association between socioeconomic position and exclusive breast feeding, and to explore whether socioeconomic inequality in exclusive breast feeding could be explained by other sociodemographic characteristics, for example, maternal age and parity, smoking habits, birth characteristics, quality of counselling and breastfeeding difficulties...
February 24, 2017: Archives of Disease in Childhood
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28228449/neighborhood-differences-in-post-stroke-mortality
#13
Theresa L Osypuk, Amy Ehntholt, J Robin Moon, Paola Gilsanz, M Maria Glymour
BACKGROUND: Post-stroke mortality is higher among residents of disadvantaged neighborhoods, but it is not known whether neighborhood inequalities are specific to stroke survival or similar to mortality patterns in the general population. We hypothesized that neighborhood disadvantage would predict higher poststroke mortality, and neighborhood effects would be relatively larger for stroke patients than for individuals with no history of stroke. METHODS AND RESULTS: Health and Retirement Study participants aged ≥50 years without stroke at baseline (n=15 560) were followed ≤12 years for incident stroke (1715 events over 159 286 person-years) and mortality (5325 deaths)...
February 2017: Circulation. Cardiovascular Quality and Outcomes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28225943/-inequalities-on-indicators-of-chronic-conditions-among-adults-in-mexico-analysis-of-three-health-surveys
#14
Juan Pablo Gutiérrez, Sebastián García-Saisó, Rodrigo Espinosa-de la Peña, Dulce Alejandra Balandrán
Objective: To analyze trends from 2000 to 2012 in socioeconomic inequalities in health related to diabetes and hypertension indicators in Mexico. Materials and methods: Cross-sectional analysis of three national health surveys (2000, 2006 and 2012), measuring inequality using absolute and relative gaps as well as the Slope Index of Inequality for diabetes and hypertension indicators. Results: From 2000 to 2012, there is a reduction in the gap related to the prevalence of diagnosed diabetes and hypertension, with a parallel reduction in the inequality related to care for those conditions, while an inequality gradient on diabetes care remains...
November 2016: Salud Pública de México
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28225942/-health-inequalities-on-adolescents-risk-behavior-indicators-in-mexico-analysis-of-two-national-health-surveys
#15
Juan Pablo Gutiérrez, Sebastián García-Saisó, Rodrigo Espinosa-de la Peña, Dulce Alejandra Balandrán
Objective: To document socioeconomic health inequalities on adolescents' risk behaviors in Mexico using gap and gradient measures. Materials and methods: Analysis of the national health surveys 2000 and 2012 measuring absolute and relative gaps as well as the slope index of inequality for risk behavior indicators on adolescents using socioeconomic indicators and also measuring gaps for sex, urban/rural residency, and indigenous/non-indigenous population. Results: For sexual risk behaviors, inequalities are reflected in a lower probability of using protection at the first sexual intercourse among those living in households with lower income for women and men as well as higher probability of ever being pregnant for adolescents of lower income...
November 2016: Salud Pública de México
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28225941/-health-inequality-on-results-and-access-indicators-for-children-in-mexico-analysis-of-national-health-surveys
#16
Juan Pablo Gutiérrez, Sebastián García-Saisó, Rodrigo Espinosa-de la Peña, Dulce Alejandra Balandrán
Objective: To analyze inequalities in health care indicators of children 0 to 9 years old in Mexico reporting gap and gradient measures. Materials and methods: Cross-sectional analysis of national health surveys in 2000, 2006 and 2012, measuring absolute and relative gap measures as well as the Slope Index of Inequality for four health care indicators (vaccination, care for acute respiratory infections, care for acute diarrheal diseases, and care for accidents) with socioeconomic stratification, as well as absolute gaps by sex, urbanicity and ethnic background...
November 2016: Salud Pública de México
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28225940/-monitoring-of-inequality-in-financial-protection-and-healthcare-in-mexico-an-analysis-of-health-surveys-2000-2006-and-2012
#17
Juan Pablo Gutiérrez, Sebastián García-Saisó, Rodrigo Espinosa-de la Peña, Dulce Alejandra Balandrán
Objective: To analyze trends in inequality in financial protection and healthcare in Mexico between 2000 and 2012, using simple and complex measures. Materials and methods: Analysis of national health surveys 2000, 2006 and 2012, generating estimates of absolute and relative gaps and the slope index of inequality using imputated income as socioeconomic measure, and differences by sex, rural/urban residence, and ethnic background. Results: Between 2000 and 2012, socioeconomic inequality in financial protection vanished, while it remains in healthcare access, with larger barriers to access healthcare among those in the lowest socioeconomic condition...
November 2016: Salud Pública de México
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28225732/integrating-and-assessing-structural-competency-in-an-innovative-prehealth-curriculum-at-vanderbilt-university
#18
Jonathan M Metzl, JuLeigh Petty
PROBLEM: Structural competency is a framework for conceptualizing and addressing health-related social justice issues that emphasizes diagnostic recognition of economic and political conditions producing and racializing inequalities in health. Strategies are needed to teach prehealth undergraduate students concepts central to structural competency (e.g., structural inequity, structural racism, structural stigma) and to evaluate their impact. APPROACH: The curriculum for Vanderbilt University's innovative prehealth major in medicine, health, and society (MHS) was reshaped in 2013 to incorporate structural competency concepts and skills into undergraduate courses...
March 2017: Academic Medicine: Journal of the Association of American Medical Colleges
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28225657/let-them-breathe
#19
Marilyn Clifford
Childhood asthma is caused by an interaction of genetic and modifiable environmental factors. Health inequities compound these environmental factors. As features of asthma are established during preschool years, these health inequities in urban children with asthma need to be addressed by preschool nurses.
March 2017: NASN School Nurse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28225463/doctors-without-borders
#20
Val Wass, Lesley Southgate
The unprecedented demands of patient and population priorities created by globalization and escalating health and social inequities will not be met unless medical education changes. Educators have failed to move fast enough to create an education framework that meets current population needs. A new common set of professional values around global social accountability is necessary. Education borders must be broken down at three levels-societal-institutional, interpersonal, and individual.At a societal-institutional level, global health must be embraced as part of a philosophy of population needs, human rights, equity, and justice...
February 21, 2017: Academic Medicine: Journal of the Association of American Medical Colleges
keyword
keyword
33648
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"