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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28917131/the-development-and-psychometric-testing-of-a-disaster-response-self-efficacy-scale-among-undergraduate-nursing-students
#1
Hong-Yan Li, Rui-Xue Bi, Qing-Ling Zhong
BACKGROUND: Disaster nurse education has received increasing importance in China. Knowing the abilities of disaster response in undergraduate nursing students is beneficial to promote teaching and learning. However, there are few valid and reliable tools that measure the abilities of disaster response in undergraduate nursing students. OBJECTIVES: To develop a self-report scale of self-efficacy in disaster response for Chinese undergraduate nursing students and test its psychometric properties...
July 29, 2017: Nurse Education Today
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28915332/obesity-and-cardiometabolic-defects-in-heart-failure-pathology
#2
Ganesh V Halade, Vasundhara Kain
Obesity is a major global epidemic that sets the stage for diverse multiple pathologies, including cardiovascular disease. The obesity-related low-grade chronic inflamed milieu is more pronounced in aging and responsive to cardiac dysfunction in heart failure pathology. Metabolic dysregulation of obesity integrates with immune reservoir in spleen and kidney network. Therefore, an integrative systems biology approach is necessary to delay progressive cardiac alternations. The purpose of this comprehensive review is to largely discuss the impact of obesity on the cardiovascular pathobiology in the context of problems and challenges, with major emphasis on the diversified models, and to study cardiac remodeling in obesity...
September 12, 2017: Comprehensive Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28905346/-creating-enthusiasm-for-surgery-perceptions-of-the-impact-of-undergraduate-practical-education-clerkship-for-occupational-choices
#3
Katrin Werwick, Anke Spura, Marc Gottschalk, Frank Meyer, Felix Walcher, Sarah König, Rüdiger Braun-Dullaeus, Philipp Stieger
Background/Aim Surgical and other disciplines have been noticing difficulties in recruiting junior staff for several years. In response to a decrease in interest within study courses, surgical associations recommend better supervision during undergraduate practical education as "clerkships" in order to increase the attractiveness of surgery. This clerkship has an initiation function, as students for the first time - albeit marginally - can act as physicians. The aim of this study was to investigate the impact of clerkships on the disciplinary orientations and preferences of undergraduates' perceptions of specialist training...
September 13, 2017: Zentralblatt Für Chirurgie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28905272/what-is-a%C3%A2-good-doctor
#4
REVIEW
Verena Steiner-Hofbauer, Beate Schrank, Anita Holzinger
Changes in medical curricula have led to a shift of focus in medical education. The goal was to implement a more practical approach to teaching and thereby create better doctors. However, the question of what makes a good doctor is not easy to answer. This article gives an overview on the literature about this topic. A systematized review and narrative synthesis were conducted including 20 articles about the features of good doctors. Qualitative and quantitative studies as well as questionnaires were included...
September 13, 2017: Wiener Medizinische Wochenschrift
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28904539/the-relationship-of-social-problem-solving-skills-and-dysfunctional-attitudes-with-risk-of-drug-abuse-among-dormitory-students-at-isfahan-university-of-medical-sciences
#5
Ehteram Nasrazadani, Jahangir Maghsoudi, Tayebeh Mahrabi
BACKGROUND: Dormitory students encounter multiple social factors which cause pressure, such as new social relationships, fear of the future, and separation from family, which could cause serious problems such as tendency toward drug abuse. This research was conducted with the goal to determine social problem-solving skills, dysfunctional attitudes, and risk of drug abuse among dormitory students of Isfahan University of Medical Sciences, Iran. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This was a descriptive-analytical, correlational, and cross-sectional research...
July 2017: Iranian Journal of Nursing and Midwifery Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28904537/the-effect-of-new-model-prepared-on-obtaining-informed-consent-skill-in-midwifery-students-of-shahid-sadoughi-university-of-medical-sciences
#6
Tahmineh Farajkhoda, Mahshid Bokaie, Mahmoud Abbasi, Saeedeh NajafiHedeshi, Zahra Alavi, Mahin Rahimdel
BACKGROUND: Professional ethics culture should be taught to students appropriately. Studies have shown that midwifery students are not entirely familiar with the skill of obtaining informed consent. Using a new and applicable model to teach this skill to midwifery students is necessary. This study was conducted to determine the effect of a new standard model, PREPARED, on the skill of obtaining informed consent in midwifery students of Shahid Sadoughi University of Medical Sciences. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This interventional study was conducted on 37 5(th) semester midwifery students through a census method...
July 2017: Iranian Journal of Nursing and Midwifery Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28901705/peer-assisted-learning-and-small-group-teaching-to-improve-practice-placement-quality-and-capacity-in-dietetics
#7
Dianne P Reidlinger, Judy Lawrence, Jane E Thomas, Kevin Whelan
AIM: Peer-assisted learning (PAL) has been positively evaluated during practice placements for medical, nursing and some allied health professional students. The aim of this study was to evaluate a PAL and small-group teaching model of dietetic practice placement education implemented in the UK setting as part of a quality improvement process. METHODS: A PAL placement model was adapted from a previously published Australian model, implemented and evaluated among dietetic students at King's College London and with their practice educators...
September 2017: Nutrition & Dietetics: the Journal of the Dietitians Association of Australia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28900520/first-year-medical-students-use-of-ultrasound-or-physical-examination-to-diagnose-hepatomegaly-and-ascites-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#8
Samantha Arora, Angela C Cheung, Usman Tarique, Arnav Agarwal, Mohammed Firdouse, Jonathan Ailon
PURPOSE: To compare point-of-care ultrasound and physical examination (PEx), each performed by first-year medical students after brief teaching, for assessing ascites and hepatomegaly. Ultrasound and PEx were compared on: (1) reliability, validity and performance, (2) diagnostic confidence, ease of use, utility, and applicability. METHODS: A single-center, randomized controlled trial was performed at a tertiary centre. First-year medical students were randomized to use ultrasound or PEx to assess for ascites and hepatomegaly...
September 2017: Journal of Ultrasound
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28899390/-if-it-s-a-medical-issue-i-would-have-covered-it-by-now-learning-about-fibromyalgia-through-the-hidden-curriculum-a-qualitative-study
#9
V Silverwood, C A Chew-Graham, I Raybould, B Thomas, S Peters
BACKGROUND: Fibromyalgia syndrome (FMS) is a long-term condition that affects between 1 and 5% of the general population and lies within the spectrum of medically unexplained symptoms (MUS). FMS can be difficult to diagnose and is usually done so as a diagnosis of exclusion. There is continuing debate regarding its legitimacy excluding other causes of symptoms. It is known that the diagnosis and management of MUS, including FMS, receives little attention in medical curricula and attitudes towards patients with FMS amongst medical professionals and trainees can be negative...
September 12, 2017: BMC Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28898349/-teaching-blindly-need-for-surveys-and-evaluations-in-medical-students-and-physicians-from-peru
#10
Omar A Varela-Contreras, Mario J Valladares-Garrido, Carlos J Toro-Huamanchumo, Alvaro Taype-Rondan
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 2017: Revista Médica de Chile
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28898335/-the-impact-of-a-self-directed-teaching-approach-on-academic-performance-of-medical-students
#11
Carolina Williams, Lucía Santelices, Mario Ávila, Mauricio Soto, Alberto Dougnac
BACKGROUND: Students should be encouraged to become reflexive and develop autonomous, lifelong learning habits. Therefore, teachers should focus on learning strategies which stimulate autonomous learning. AIM: To assess the impact of a self-directed teaching methodology on the academic performance of medical students in cellular biology and biochemistry. MATERIALS AND METHODS: During 2013, 85 students received a traditional teaching methodology and during 2014, 85 students received a self-directed learning methodology...
May 2017: Revista Médica de Chile
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28894913/european-otorhinolaryngology-training-programs-results-of-a-european-survey-about-training-satisfaction-work-environment-and-conditions-in-six-countries
#12
N Oker, Naif H Alotaibi, A C Reichelt, P Herman, M Bernal-Sprekelsen, Andreas E Albers
ORL-students and residents have an ongoing debate about the "best" programme in Europe. Aim of this study was to comparatively assess differences among programmes in training, satisfaction, quality of life (QoL) of residents and recent otorhinolaryngologist (ORL) specialists in France, Germany, Spain, Italy, Austria, and Belgium. A self-administered anonymous questionnaire, structured in ten sections including general information, provided guidance, working environment, training structure, teaching of medical students, publication work, QoL, and satisfaction with training, were emailed to residents and recent ORL specialists...
September 11, 2017: European Archives of Oto-rhino-laryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28891539/evaluation-of-the-learning-and-teaching-environment-of-the-faculty-of-medical-sciences-college-of-medicine-university-of-nigeria-enugu-campus
#13
O Okoye, C N Ezisi, F U Ezepue
PURPOSE: The study aimed at evaluating the learning and teaching environment of undergraduate students of the Faculty of Medical Sciences, University of Nigeria. METHODS: The study was a descriptive, cross-sectional survey. The Dundee Ready Education Environment Measure (DREEM) questionnaire was self-administered to the final year medical students during the second semester of 2013/2014 academic year. The 50-items of the questionnaire were sub-divided into five sub-groups: perception of learning, perceptions of teachers, academic self-perceptions, perceptions of atmosphere, and social self-perceptions...
August 2017: Nigerian Journal of Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28890945/teach-kitchen-a-chronological-review-of-accomplishments
#14
Jung Hee Chae, Benjamin E Ansa, Selina A Smith
BACKGROUND: The Eating and Cooking Healthy (TEACH) Kitchen was founded at the Medical College of Georgia in 2015 as a nutrition-based intervention to combat the high prevalence of obesity and obesity-related chronic diseases in the area of Augusta, Georgia. Despite the importance of diet in the management of chronic diseases, inadequate nutrition education among patients and healthcare providers presents a barrier. The purpose of TEACH Kitchen is to address this gap. METHODS: TEACH Kitchen is as a student-led initiative that promotes healthy cooking among medical students and patients with chronic diseases...
2017: Journal of the Georgia Public Health Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28890928/conflicts-of-interest-in-medicine-a-systematic-review-of-published-and-scientifically-evaluated-curricula
#15
Janosch Weißkircher, Cora Koch, Nadine Dreimüller, Klaus Lieb
Objective: Conflicts of interests resulting from interactions with pharmaceutical companies are pervasive in medicine and can result in an undue influence on physicians' decision-making. The objective of this systematic review is to analyze published and scientifically evaluated curricula for medical students and residents regarding such conflicts of interest. We begin by describing the covered topics and teaching methods; afterwards we analyze the quality of the curricula using the published data on their evaluations and comparing the content with content recommended for such curricula...
2017: GMS Journal for Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28890926/peer-assisted-history-taking-groups-a-subjective-assessment-of-their-impact-upon-medical-students-interview-skills
#16
Katharina Eva Keifenheim, Ernst Richard Petzold, Florian Junne, Rebecca Sarah Erschens, Natalie Speiser, Anne Herrmann-Werner, Stephan Zipfel, Martin Teufel
Background and Objectives: Among the clinical skills needed by all physicians, history taking is one of the most important. The teaching model for peer-assisted history-taking groups investigated in the present study consists of small-group courses in which students practice conducting medical interviews with real patients. The purpose of this pilot study was to investigate the expectations, experiences, and subjective learning progress of participants in peer-assisted history-taking groups. Methods: The 42 medical student participants completed a 4-month, peer-assisted, elective history-taking course, which both began and ended with a subjective assessment of their interview skills by way of a pseudonymized questionnaire...
2017: GMS Journal for Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28890922/concept-and-benefits-of-the-inverted-classroom-method-for-a-competency-based-biochemistry-course-in-the-pre-clinical-stage-of-a-human-medicine-course-of-studies
#17
Susanne J Kühl, Matthias Toberer, Oliver Keis, Daniel Tolks, Martin R Fischer, Michael Kühl
Background: Medical students often have a problem recognising the relevance of basic science subjects for their later professional work in the pre-clinical stage of their studies. This can lead to a lower motivation to learn biochemical content and dissatisfaction in the courses amongst the students. Alternative teaching methods such as the Inverted Classroom (IC) method can address this deficiency. The goal of this study was: to analyse the motivation and satisfaction of the students in a biochemistry seminar through the use of the e-learning-based IC method, to investigate the acceptance against the IC teaching method in biochemistry, and to compare the learning success achieved using the IC approach with that of a traditional course...
2017: GMS Journal for Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28889089/on-the-integration-of-ethics-into-the-physiology-curriculum
#18
D Savitha, Manjulika Vaz, Olinda Timms, G D Ravindran, Mario Vaz
A one-day state-level workshop was organised in Karnataka to share the experience of a programme implemented earlier, in 2015-16, at St John's Medical College, Bengaluru that integrated the teaching of ethics into the physiology curriculum. The aim was to develop the programme further, list the challenges likely to be faced while scaling it up, and identify other colleges which could participate in the scaling up. Twenty-eight participants, representing 13 medical colleges, and five resource persons attended the workshop...
August 23, 2017: Indian Journal of Medical Ethics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28886737/students-as-anatomy-near-peer-teachers-a-double-edged-sword-for-an-ancient-skill
#19
Nomy Dickman, Alon Barash, Shmuel Reis, David Karasik
BACKGROUND: A near-peer instructors (NPI) program was designed for 1st year medical students who successfully finished the Anatomy course, in order to develop their didactic ability and teaching skills, mostly for cadaver dissection. METHODS: Graduates of the training program were administered a voluntary survey at the end of the program, annually. Best graduates of the training program were offered a NPI position in the next academic year. They were evaluated by the first-year students, at the end of the Anatomy block...
September 8, 2017: BMC Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28885945/effect-of-novel-continuing-medical-education-curriculum-on-attitudes-and-understanding-of-primary-care-medicine-for-the-naval-surface-provider
#20
Joseph LaGrew, Cameron Hightower, Terrie Vasilopoulos
INTRODUCTION: Naval Surface Forces provide care in austere environments with unique facility, personnel, and material limitations that can put the patient at risk without proper consideration of these circumstances. Tailored shipboard education currently exists but is greatly dependent on the time, preferences, expertise, and ability of a single teaching officer, allowing for significant variability in the level of training. MATERIALS AND METHODS: One hundred and twenty-two individuals were trained in 19 topics presented over 12 months through the Naval Surface Forces Pacific Command Medical Readiness Division to all surface providers on Naval Base San Diego...
September 2017: Military Medicine
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