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Teaching medical students

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29783239/studying-the-skills-attitudes-on-factors-affecting-dental-health-of-children
#1
Iryna A Holovanova, Natalia A Lyakhova, Olga V Sheshukova, Valentina P Trufanova, Sofia S Bauman, Alevtina N Bilous, Oleg N Nesterenko
OBJECTIVE: Introduction: Nowadays, the high level of dental morbidity among children is an urgent medical problem. Healthy lifestyles and sanitary-hygienic upbringing in the family is most important components of the formation of dental health of children. But in order to be able to teach their children, parents need to be themselves knowledgeable about hygiene and prevention, have the necessary skills and desire to instill it in their children. The aim: The aim of our study was to assess the level of awareness of schoolchildren parents about the factors affecting the dental health of their children according to the questionnaire...
2018: Wiadomości Lekarskie: Organ Polskiego Towarzystwa Lekarskiego
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29782309/in-memoriam-assistant-professor-kre%C3%A5-imir-kostovi%C3%A4-md-phd-16-october-1969-15-october-2017
#2
Branka Marinović
On a Sunday afternoon almost six months ago, we were deeply moved by the news that our Krešimir is no longer with us. The sad news spread from Sarajevo with the speed only most horrible and saddest news can achieve. And everybody who was reached by these news wondered whether it was possible and whether it was true. Because our professor Kostović left us a day before his 48th birthday. Krešimir Kostović was born on the 16th October 1969 in Zagreb, where he completed primary and secondary education. He enrolled at the University of Zagreb School of Medicine in 1988, and got his medical degree in 1995...
April 2018: Acta Dermatovenerologica Croatica: ADC
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29778518/an-innovative-medical-school-curriculum-to-address-human-papillomavirus-vaccine-hesitancy
#3
Abigail M Schnaith, Erica M Evans, Caleb Vogt, Andrea M Tinsay, Thomas E Schmidt, Katelyn M Tessier, Britt K Erickson
BACKGROUND: Vaccination rates against Human Papillomavirus (HPV) in the US remain alarmingly low. Physicians can significantly influence a parent's decision to vaccinate their children. However, medical education often lacks training on specific strategies for communicating with vaccine hesitant parents. METHODS: We created an innovative curriculum designed to teach medical students how to address HPV vaccine hesitancy. The curriculum consisted of (1) a presentation on the epidemiology, biology, and disease morbidity associated with HPV, (2) a video that teaches specific communication strategies and (3) role-playing simulations...
May 16, 2018: Vaccine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29778089/implications-for-faculty-development-for-emerging-clinical-teachers-at-distributed-sites-a-qualitative-interpretivist-study
#4
Julia Blitz, Marietjie De Villiers, Susan Van Schalkwyk
INTRODUCTION: Medical faculties have the responsibility to graduate competent health professionals and a consequent obligation to assure the quality and effectiveness of their students' clinical teaching. Many institutions are responding to rural workforce needs by extending clinical training from the traditional academic teaching hospital to include rural and remote sites distributed away from the central training institution. It is incumbent upon medical schools to consider how this might impact on the faculty development of these clinicians as teachers...
May 2018: Rural and Remote Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29776902/an-internet-based-radiology-course-in-medical-school-comparison-of-academic-performance-of-students-on-campus-versus-those-with-absenteeism-due-to-residency-interviews
#5
Andrew George Alexander, Deborah Deas, Paul Eric Lyons
BACKGROUND: Imaging and its optimal use are imperative to the practice of medicine, yet many students don't receive a formal education in radiology. Concurrently, students look for ways to take time away from medical school for residency interviewing. Web-based instruction provides an opportunity to combine these imperatives using online modalities. OBJECTIVE: A largely Web-based course in radiology during the 4th year of medical school was evaluated both for its acceptance to students who needed to be away from campus for interviews, and its effectiveness on a nationally administered standardized test...
May 18, 2018: JMIR Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29773778/a-collaboration-to-teach-us-mph-students-about-cuba-s-health-care-system
#6
Joan O'Connell, Ana María Gálvez-González, Jean Scandlyn, María R Sala-Adam, Xiomara Martín-Linares
In 2011, the US Department of the Treasury changed its regulations to allow US students to participate in short-term education programs in Cuba. Beginning in 2012, and each year thereafter, Cuba's National School of Public Health and the Colorado School of Public Health have jointly taught a class on the Cuban public health system. The program goals are to provide US students with an opportunity to learn about the Cuban national health system's focus on 1) prevention and primary health care services; 2) financial and geographic access to services and health equity; 3) continuum of care across the home, family doctor-and-nurse offices, polyclinics and hospitals; 4) data collection at all levels to understand health risks, including outbreaks, and to guide resource allocation; 5) assessing patients' health and risks using a comprehensive definition of health; 6) multisectoral collaborations between the Ministry of Public Health and other Cuban agencies and organizations to address population health risks; 7) disaster preparedness, response and recovery; and 8) provision of international health assistance...
April 2018: MEDICC Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29771814/using-technology-to-enhance-teaching-of-patient-centered-interviewing-for-early-medical-students
#7
Stacey Kaltman, Nicholas Talisman, Susan Pennestri, Eleri Syverson, Paige Arthur, Yianna Vovides
INTRODUCTION: Effective strategies for teaching communication skills to health professions students are needed. This article describes the design and evaluation of immersive and interactive video simulations for medical students to practice basic communication skills. METHODS: Three simulations were developed, focusing on patient-centered interviewing techniques such as using open-ended questions, reflections, and empathic responses while assessing a patient's history of present illness...
May 15, 2018: Simulation in Healthcare: Journal of the Society for Simulation in Healthcare
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29769495/analyses-of-the-neuroanatomy-portion-of-the-anatomy-question-papers-for-written-summative-assessment-at-the-medical-undergraduate-level-in-bangladesh
#8
M Akter, K M Shamim, N F Amin
Neuroanatomy is a vital part of the undergraduate medical (MBBS) Anatomy curriculum of different universities of Bangladesh. The teaching-learning and assessment of Neuroanatomy have gone through significant changes in current times in various parts of the world. Neuroanatomy textbooks are supposed to be useful reflectors of these changes and of the present inclinations. The importance of an understanding approach towards Neuroanatomy is beyond doubt. Consequently, the contemporary Neuroanatomy books are inclined more towards an understanding approach in their presentation...
April 2018: Mymensingh Medical Journal: MMJ
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29767569/teaching-tip-development-of-veterinary-anesthesia-simulations-for-pre-clinical-training-design-implementation-and-evaluation-based-on-student-perspectives
#9
Jana L Jones, Jim Rinehart, Jacqueline Jordan Spiegel, Ryane E Englar, Brian K Sidaway, Joie Rowles
Anesthesia simulations have been used in pre-clinical medical training for decades to help learners gain confidence and expertise in an operating room environment without danger to a live patient. The authors describe a veterinary anesthesia simulation environment (VASE) with anesthesia scenarios developed to provide a re-creation of a veterinarian's task environment while performing anesthesia. The VASE uses advanced computer technology with simulator inputs provided from standard monitoring equipment in common use during veterinary anesthesia and a commercial canine training mannequin that allows intubation, ventilation, and venous access...
2018: Journal of Veterinary Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29765260/attitude-and-perception-of-undergraduate-medical-students-toward-the-problem-based-learning-in-chitwan-medical-college-nepal
#10
Ram Lochan Yadav, Rano Mal Piryani, Gopendra Prasad Deo, Dev Kumar Shah, Laxmi Kumari Yadav, Md Nazrul Islam
Background: Problem-based learning (PBL) was introduced into Basic Medical Sciences early in the 1980s at Tribhuvan University (TU), Nepal, followed by other universities where didactic lecture method was still followed as the main teaching strategy. Despite gaining its popularity worldwide as integrated teaching learning method, PBL is not given importance in Nepal. This study aimed to assess the attitude and perceptions of undergraduate medical students regarding learning outcomes of PBL and to know their views about role and qualities of effective tutors for its successful implementation...
2018: Advances in Medical Education and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29762794/teaching-competencies-for-community-preceptors
#11
Darin Brink, Deb Simpson, Byron Crouse, Jeffrey Morzinski, Douglas Bower, Ruth Westra
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Although community physicians provide one-fourth of the outpatient training received in medical school, usually there is no formal training of the preceptor. Currently there is no agreed-upon list of teaching competencies for community physician-preceptors. Using a modified Delphi process, the authors aimed to identify core teaching competencies for community preceptors for use in training and evaluation. METHODS: A medical educator and three faculty members with expertise in faculty development created a list of teaching competencies organized in five domains...
May 2018: Family Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29760864/3-for-the-price-of-1-teaching-chest-pain-risk-stratification-in-a-multidisciplinary-problem-based-learning-workshop
#12
William D Alley, Cynthia Burns, Nicholas D Hartman, Kim Askew, Simon A Mahler
Introduction: Chest pain is a common chief complaint among patients presenting to health systems and often leads to complex and intensive evaluations. While these patients are often cared for by a multidisciplinary team (primary care, emergency medicine, and cardiology), medical students usually learn about the care of these patients in a fragmented, single-specialty paradigm. The present and future care of patients with chest pain is multidisciplinary, and the education of medical students on the subject should be as well...
May 2018: Western Journal of Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29759952/head-and-neck-anatomy-effect-of-focussed-near-peer-teaching-on-anatomical-confidence-in-undergraduate-medical-students
#13
Simon Morris, Max Sallis Osborne, Duncan Bowyer
OBJECTIVES: To assess the effect of near-peer head and neck anatomy teaching on undergraduates and to quantify the benefit from a focussed teaching course. Near-peer teaching involves colleagues within close seniority and age proximity teaching one another on a specified topic. DESIGN: Small group teaching sessions were delivered to medical students on 3 key areas of ENT anatomy. Participants were given a precourse and postcourse questionnaire to determine the benefit attained from the course...
May 11, 2018: Journal of Surgical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29754583/validity-evidence-for-the-hamburg-multiple-mini-interview
#14
Mirjana Knorr, Anja Schwibbe, Maren Ehrhardt, Janina Lackamp, Stefan Zimmermann, Wolfgang Hampe
BACKGROUND: Multiple mini-interviews (MMI) become increasingly popular for the selection of medical students. In this work, we examine the validity evidence for the Hamburg MMI. METHODS: We conducted three follow-up studies for the 2014 cohort of applicants to medical school over the course of two years. We calculated Spearman's rank correlation (ρ) between MMI results and (1) emotional intelligence measured by the Trait Emotional Intelligence Questionnaire (TEIQue-SF) and the Situational Test of Emotion Management (STEM), (2) supervisors' and practice team members' evaluations of psychosocial competencies and suitability for the medical profession after a one-week 1:1 teaching in a general practice (GP) and (3) objective structured clinical examination (OSCE) scores...
May 14, 2018: BMC Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29754467/teaching-treatment-planning-for-protons-with-educational-open-source-software-experience-with-foca-and-matrad
#15
Daniel Sanchez-Parcerisa, Jose Udías
Open-source, MATLAB-based treatment planning systems FoCa and matRAD were used in a pilot project for training prospective medical physicists and postgraduate physics students in treatment planning and beam modeling techniques for proton therapy. In the four exercises designed, students learnt how proton pencil beams are modeled and how dose is calculated in three-dimensional voxelized geometries, how pencil beam scanning plans (PBS) are constructed, the rationale behind the choice of spot spacing in patient plans, and the dosimetric differences between photon IMRT and proton PBS plans...
May 12, 2018: Journal of Applied Clinical Medical Physics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29754417/teaching-paediatric-basic-life-support-in-medical-schools-using-peer-teaching-or-video-demonstration-a-prospective-randomised-trial
#16
Frederik Stephan, Hanjo Groetschel, Anja K Büscher, Deniz Serdar, Kjell A Groes, Rainer Büscher
AIM: The outcome of children with an out-of-hospital cardiac arrest is still poor, but bystander cardiopulmonary resuscitation can increase survival and minimise severe neurological sequelae. While teaching basic life support is standardised in emergency medicine classes, paediatric basic life support (PBLS) in neonates and toddlers is under-represented in paediatric curricula during university education. The appropriate mixture of E-learning and peer teaching lessons remains controversial in teaching paediatric basic skills...
May 13, 2018: Journal of Paediatrics and Child Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29752859/shifts-in-nursing-and-medical-student-s-attitudes-beliefs-and-behaviours-about-interprofessional-work-an-interprofessional-placement-in-ambulatory-care
#17
Karla Seaman, Rosemary Saunders, Helen Dugmore, Claire Tobin, Rachel Singer, Fiona Lake
AIM AND OBJECTIVES: To examine students' beliefs, behaviours and attitudes in relation to interprofessional socialisation, and their expectations and experience, before and after a two-week clinical placement in ambulatory care. BACKGROUND: Interprofessional clinical placements for students are important for developing an understanding of interprofessional collaboration and identity, for the benefit of patient care. Ambulatory care environment involves collaborative management of complex chronic problems...
May 12, 2018: Journal of Clinical Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29751806/pain-medicine-content-teaching-and-assessment-in-medical-school-curricula-in-australia-and-new-zealand
#18
Elspeth Erica Shipton, Frank Bate, Raymond Garrick, Carole Steketee, Eric John Visser
BACKGROUND: The objective of pain medicine education is to provide medical students with opportunities to develop their knowledge, skills and professional attitudes that will lead to their becoming safe, capable, and compassionate medical practitioners who are able to meet the healthcare needs of persons in pain. This study was undertaken to identify and describe the delivery of pain medicine education at medical schools in Australia and New Zealand. METHOD: All 23 medical schools in Australia and New Zealand in 2016 were included in this study...
May 11, 2018: BMC Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29748715/restoration-of-an-academic-historical-gross-pathology-collection-refreshed-impact-on-current-medical-teaching
#19
Philip Eichhorn, Udo Andraschke, Fritz Dross, Carol I Geppert, Arndt Hartmann, Tilman T Rau
The declaration of Leiden pronounces the demand to conserve pathological-anatomical collections as cultural heritage. Likewise, the Institute of Pathology of the Friedrich-Alexander-University Erlangen-Nuremberg owns macroscopic pathological-anatomical specimens reaching back over 150 years. The purpose of this work is to examine the impact, meaning, and perception of such historical preparations during the current medical curriculum. Additionally, the experiences from the renovation process can be used as a template for other institutes...
May 10, 2018: Virchows Archiv: An International Journal of Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29744047/cinemedicine-using-movies-to-improve-students-understanding-of-psychosocial-aspects-of-medicine
#20
Maliheh Kadivar, Mahboobeh Khabaz Mafinejad, Javad Tavakkoly Bazzaz, Azim Mirzazadeh, Zeinab Jannat
Background: There are rising concerns about how to teach psychosocial aspects of medicine to students. The aim of the study was the use of "cinemedicine" as a tool and technique in teaching psychosocial aspects of medicine to medical students at Tehran University of Medical Sciences (TUMS). Methods: This was an educational study with quantitative and qualitative data analysis. Two hundred seventy medical students participated in this study. Nine sessions were held to teach psychosocial subjects in medicine using movies...
April 2018: Annals of Medicine and Surgery
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