Read by QxMD icon Read


Kris Niño G Valdehuesa, Kristine Rose M Ramos, Llewelyn S Moron, Imchang Lee, Grace M Nisola, Won-Keun Lee, Wook-Jin Chung
The continued research in the isolation of novel bacterial strains is inspired by the fact that native microorganisms possess certain desired phenotypes necessary for recombinant microorganisms in the biotech industry. Most studies have focused on the isolation and characterization of strains from marine ecosystems as they present a higher microbial diversity than other sources. In this study, a marine bacterium, W5C, was isolated from red seaweed collected from Yeosu, South Korea. The isolate can utilize several natural polysaccharides such as agar, alginate, carrageenan, and chitin...
March 13, 2018: Current Microbiology
Eric Sanchez, Edward J Tanenbaum, Saurabh Patil, Mingjie Li, Camilia M Soof, Aleksandra Vidisheva, Gabriel N Waterman, Tara Hekmati, George Tang, Cathy S Wang, Haiming Chen, James Berenson
B-cell maturation antigen (BCMA) is a cell membrane bound tumor necrosis factor receptor family member that is expressed exclusively on late stage normal and malignant B-cells and plasma cells. Addition of two of its ligands, B-cell activating factor and a proliferation inducting ligand, to normal B-cells cause B-cell proliferation and antibody production. Serum BCMA is elevated among patients with multiple myeloma (MM) and chronic lymphocytic leukemia (CLL), and is a prognostic and monitoring tool for these patients...
March 7, 2018: Expert Review of Molecular Diagnostics
Marc E Pfeifer
U.S. studies show that the global point-of-care (POC) diagnostics market will reach $40.5 bn by 2022, with a compound annual growth rate (CAGR) of 10%. This is one of the reasons why HES-SO Valais-Wallis and CSEM, acting on behalf of the NTN Swiss Biotech thematic platform in vitro Diagnostics (TP IVD), invited interested parties on October 26, 2017 to the SWISS SYMPOSIUM in Point-of-Care Diagnostics (see CHIMIA No. 12/2017). We now bring the second report on the future prospects of POC diagnostics.
February 1, 2018: Chimia
Thomas Flüeler
SimplyScience is an internet platform for 8 to 18 year olds and their parents and teachers, created by the scienceindustries in 2008. scienceindustries represents the chemical, pharma and biotech industries and is active in the Swiss Federal Department of Economic Affairs, Education and Research's programme 'Promotion of Science, Mathematics and Technology', the so-called 'MINT' subjects. SimplyScience presents articles, videos and podcasts on diverse scientific subjects and has the objective of interesting children and adolescents for science and technology matters and thereby encouraging them to consider a career in one of the MINT subjects...
February 1, 2018: Chimia
Marcel Sennhauser
In Switzerland, the chemical, pharma and biotech industries make a substantial and sustained contribution to the Swiss economy. The company members of scienceindustries employ around 70,000 people in Switzerland. Since 1980 value creation and productivity have increased markedly. As a result the share of the Swiss gross value added has grown continually to reach 5.6% in 2015. Exports have also increased. Today the chemical, pharma and biotech industry contributes around 45% of all Swiss exports and is therefore the largest Swiss export industry...
February 1, 2018: Chimia
Hoon-Sang Chang, Se-Hee Park, Kyung-Mo Cho, Jin-Woo Kim
Objective: The purpose of this study was to measure the temperature of the plugger tip of 3 cordless heat carriers set at 200°C. Materials and Methods: Pluggers of the same taper (0.06, 0.08, 0.10) and similar tip sizes (sizes of 50 and 55) from 3 cordless heat carriers, namely SuperEndo-α2 (B & L Biotech), Friendo (DXM), and Dia-Pen (Diadent), were used and an electric heat carrier, System B (SybronEndo), was used as the control. The plugger tips were covered with customized copper sleeves, heated for 10 seconds, and the temperature was recorded with a computerized measurement system attached to a K-type thermometer at room temperature ( n = 10)...
February 2018: Restorative Dentistry & Endodontics
G Yeryomenko
To improve the effectiveness of diagnosis and prediction of adverse asthma comorbid conditions based on research of clinical manifestations features, functional disorders of the airways and endothelial dysfunction. 79 patients were selected for the study. All the patients were divided into 3 groups: group 1 - patients with asthma (n-22); group II (n-24) - patients with asthma + diabetes mellitus type 2; group III (n-33) - patients with asthma + obesity + arterial hypertension (AH) and control group (n-17) - healthy people...
January 2018: Georgian Medical News
Hans Klingemann
A number of excellent reviews on the potential of canine cancer immunotherapy are available, but many extrapolate from observations in humans when in fact only very few immunotherapies have been developed for canines that have shown efficacy in well-designed studies. Pharmaceutical and biotech companies are aware that the market for more expensive immunotherapies in canines is limited resulting in limited funding for clinical trials. However, dogs and other pets deserve access to this new form of cancer therapy...
2018: Frontiers in Immunology
Subir Kumar Nandy, R K Srivastava
Yeast is very well known eukaryotic organism for its remarkable biodiversity and extensive industrial applications. Saccharomyces cerevisiae is one of the most widely used microorganisms in biotechnology with successful applications in the biochemical production. Biological conversion with the focus on the different utilization of renewable feedstocks into fuels and chemicals has been intensively investigated due to increasing concerns on sustainability issues worldwide. Compared with its counterparts, Saccharomyces cerevisiae, the baker's yeast, is more industrially relevant due to known genetic and physiological background, the availability of a large collection of genetic tools, the compatibility of high-density and large-scale fermentation, and optimize the pathway for variety of products...
March 2018: Microbiological Research
Greet Smets, Patrick Rüdelsheim
Conventionally, chitosans are derived from shrimp and other crustacean shells. Biotechnology offers an alternative route to produce chitosans and more importantly, specific chitosan structures tailored to the needs of a diversity of industries. However, for biotech chitosans and products thereof to be commercialised, legislation should not create a burden. Here, the requirements of the EU regulatory framework have been analysed for the entire chain from research to development and production of several potential applications including nanomaterials...
February 13, 2018: New Biotechnology
Kalpana Nagpal, Anand Mohan, Sourav Thakur, Pradeep Kumar
Dendrimers, commonly referred to as polymeric trees, offer endless opportunities for biotechnological and biomedical applications. By controlling the type, length, and molecular weight of the core, branches and end groups, respectively, the chemical functionality and topology of dendrimeric archetypes can be customized which further can be applied to achieve required solubility, biodegradability, diagnosis and other applications. Given the physicochemical variability of the dendrimers and their hybrids, this review attempts to discuss a full spectrum of recent advances and strides made by these "perfectly designed structures"...
February 15, 2018: Artificial Cells, Nanomedicine, and Biotechnology
Steven Schmitt, Marcel Walser, Michael Rehmann, Sabine Oesterle, Sven Panke, Martin Held
The ability of whole cells to catalyse multistep reactions, often yielding synthetically demanding compounds later used by industrial biotech or pharma, makes them an indispensable tool of synthetic chemistry. The complex reaction network employed by cellular catalysts and the still only moderate predictive power of modelling approaches leaves this tool challenging to engineer. Frequently, large libraries of semi-rationally generated variants are sampled in high-throughput mode in order to then identify improved catalysts...
February 14, 2018: Scientific Reports
Maowia Mukhtar, Sababil S Ali, Salah A Boshara, Audrey Albertini, Séverine Monnerat, Paul Bessell, Yasuyoshi Mori, Yutaka Kubota, Joseph M Ndung'u, Israel Cruz
BACKGROUND: Confirmatory diagnosis of visceral leishmaniasis (VL), as well as diagnosis of relapses and test of cure, usually requires examination by microscopy of samples collected by invasive means, such as splenic, bone marrow or lymph node aspirates. This causes discomfort to patients, with risks of bleeding and iatrogenic infections, and requires technical expertise. Molecular tests have great potential for diagnosis of VL using peripheral blood, but require well-equipped facilities and trained personnel...
February 14, 2018: PLoS Neglected Tropical Diseases
Kiran G Bapatla, Arjun Singh, Srujana Yeddula, Ramanagouda H Patil
The insect gut has been the house of many taxonomically and physiologically diverse groups of microbial colonizers as symbionts and commensals, which are evolving to support the physiological requirement of insects. Lepidoptera is one of the important family of class hexapoda, comprising agriculture insect pest Spodoptera litura and Spilosoma obliqua. Information on gut microbiota and their functional role in these insects was meager to elucidate the wide-ranging survivalist mechanisms. In this context, we analyzed the composition, diversity and functional role of gut bacteria in S...
January 30, 2018: Journal of Basic Microbiology
Pascale Richetta
Dr. Pascale Richetta is Executive Vice President and Head of the Bone Patient Value Unit at UCB (Brussels, Belgium). She joined UCB in 2016 following over 20 years' experience in the pharma and biotech industry. After completing her MD at the University of Poitiers (France), she spent time as vice president at Abbvie/Abbott and has also held positions at GlaxoSmithKline, Ipsen and Servier. Through the course of her career she acquired impressive commercial experience managing both traditional pharmaceuticals and complex biologics and her knowledge of markets around the world is key to helping UCB prepare for future product launches...
February 2018: Future Science OA
Matilde Piñeiro, Raquel Pato, Lourdes Soler, Raquel Peña, Natalia García, Carlos Torrente, Yolanda Saco, Fermín Lampreave, Anna Bassols, Francesca Canalias
BACKGROUND: In dogs, as in humans, C-reactive protein (CRP) is a major acute phase protein that is rapidly and prominently increased after exposure to inflammatory stimuli. CRP measurements are used in the diagnosis and monitoring of infectious and inflammatory diseases. OBJECTIVES: The study aim was to develop and validate a turbidimetric immunoassay for the quantification of canine CRP (cCRP), using canine-specific reagents and standards. METHODS: A particle-enhanced turbidimetric immunoassay was developed...
January 29, 2018: Veterinary Clinical Pathology
Muhammad Omar Khan, Muhammad Aamer Mehmood, Zahid Mukhtar, Niaz Ahmad
Chloroplasts are vital photosynthetic organelles in plant cells that carry out several important cellular functions including synthesis of amino acids, fatty acids, and lipids and metabolism of nitrogen, starch, and Sulphur to sustain the homeostasis in plants. These organelles have got their own genome, and related genetic machinery to synthesize required proteins for various plant functions. Genetic manipulations of the chloroplast genome for different biotech applications has been of great interest due to desired features including the availability of operonal mode of gene expression, high copy number, and maternal mode of inheritance (in the most field crops)...
January 21, 2018: Protein and Peptide Letters
Chris Morrison
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 22, 2018: Nature Biotechnology
Merryn Voysey, Andrew J Pollard
Background: Salmonella Typhi is the major cause of enteric fever in lower income countries. New conjugate vaccines show promise as public health interventions, however there are no efficacy data available from endemic areas. Methods: Data were obtained from a previously published phase 3 randomised controlled trial comparing Vi-polysaccharide tetanus-toxoid conjugate vaccine (Typbar-TCV; Bharat Biotech Intl Ltd, India): (Vi-TT) with Vi-polysaccharide (Typbar; Bharat Biotech Intl Ltd, India): (Vi-PS) in participants aged 2- 45 years...
January 17, 2018: Clinical Infectious Diseases: An Official Publication of the Infectious Diseases Society of America
Shannon Ellis
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 18, 2018: Nature
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"