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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29053913/morphological-changes-of-the-internal-carotid-artery-prevalence-and-characteristics-a-clinic-and-ultrasonographic-study-in-a-series-of-19-804-patients-over-25-years-old
#1
Hugo F G Martins, Alexandra Mayer, Paulo Batista, Fátima Soares, Vanessa Almeida, Ana Júlia Pedro, Victor Oliveira
BACKGROUND: Morphological changes of the internal carotid arteries (McICA) are frequently found during cervical ultrasound studies. However, McICA's etiology remains controversial. During this study, the prevalence and demographic characteristics of McICA such as kinking, coiling or looping, identified by Doppler ultrasound, were analysed and its relationship with vascular risk factors and stroke was assessed. METHODS: A retrospective study was performed by analysing 19,804 patients between Jan 2000 and Jun 2012 who were submitted to cervical ultrasonographic study...
October 20, 2017: European Journal of Neurology: the Official Journal of the European Federation of Neurological Societies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29053905/distinct-predictive-role-of-collateral-status-on-clinical-outcome-in-variant-stroke-subtypes-of-acute-large-arterial-occlusion
#2
Xuting Zhang, Meixia Zhang, Wenhong Ding, Shenqiang Yan, David S Liebeskind, Min Lou
BACKGROUND: Clinical trials have showed that robust collateral flow has a relationship with good clinical outcome, however, different stroke subtypes were lumped together. This study explored the relationship between baseline collaterals and the onset-to-imaging time (OIT), and the correlation between pre-treatment collateral status and clinical outcome among different subtypes. METHOD: We reviewed prospectively collected data from consecutive acute ischemic stroke (AIS) patients with acute middle cerebral artery occlusion who received reperfusion therapy...
October 20, 2017: European Journal of Neurology: the Official Journal of the European Federation of Neurological Societies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29050566/how-low-to-go-with-glucose-cholesterol-%C3%A2-and-blood-pressure-in-primary%C3%A2-prevention-of-cvd
#3
REVIEW
Kimberly N Hong, Valentin Fuster, Robert S Rosenson, Clive Rosendorff, Deepak L Bhatt
Diabetes, hyperlipidemia, and hypertension are modifiable risk factors that predict cardiovascular disease events. The effect of these risk factors on incident cardiovascular disease increases with progressively higher levels of glucose, low-density lipoprotein cholesterol, and blood pressure. The thresholds for initiating treatment of these modifiable risk factors and the optimal goals of risk factor modification are a focus of primary prevention research. Although an aggressive approach is appealing, adverse events may occur, and potential physiological barriers may exist...
October 24, 2017: Journal of the American College of Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29046711/effect-of-methanol-extract-of-salviae-miltiorrhizae-radix-in-high-fat-diet-induced-hyperlipidemic-mice
#4
Chiyeon Lim, Sehyun Lim, Byoungho Lee, Buyeo Kim, Suin Cho
BACKGROUND: The dried root of Salvia miltiorrhiza, Salviae miltiorrhizae Radix (SR), is one of the most popular medicinal herbs in Asian countries such as China and Korea. In Asian traditional medicine, SR is considered to have a bitter flavor, be slightly cold in nature, and exert therapeutic actions in the heart and liver meridians. Thus, SR has been used to control symptoms related to cardiovascular diseases. Hyperlipidemia is recognized as the main cause of cerebrovascular and heart diseases; consequently, therapeutic strategies for hyperlipidemia have been widely studied...
2017: Chinese Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29046704/lipolytic-effect-of-novel-extracts-from-mulberry-morus-alba-leaves-fermented-with-cordyceps-militaris-in-the-primary-adipocytes-derived-from-sd-rats
#5
Mi Rim Lee, Ji Eun Kim, Woo Bin Yun, Jun Young Choi, Jin Ju Park, Hye Ryeong Kim, Bo Ram Song, Young Whan Choi, Kyung Mi Kim, Dae Youn Hwang
Mulberry (Morus alba) leaves are known to have therapeutic effects on lipid metabolism including lipogenesis, lipolysis and hyperlipidemia. However, novel compounds with strong lipolytic ability among 27 extracts of the mulberry leaves fermented with Cordyceps militaris (EMfCs) have not yet been identified. Therefore, the cAMP concentration and cell viability were measured in the primary adipocytes of SD (Sprague Dawley) rats and 3T3-L1 cells after treatment of 27 EMfCs. Briefly, mulberry leaves powders amended with three different concentrations (0, 25 and 50%) of silkworm pupae (SWP) powder were fermented with 10% C...
September 2017: Laboratory Animal Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29046503/effects-of-a-novel-selective-peroxisome-proliferator-activated-receptor-%C3%AE-modulator-k-877-pemafibrate-on-postprandial-hyperlipidemia
#6
Yoshio Fujioka
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 18, 2017: Journal of Atherosclerosis and Thrombosis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29044139/diabetes-in-iran-prospective-analysis-from-first-nationwide-diabetes-report-of-national-program-for-prevention-and-control-of-diabetes-nppcd-2016
#7
Alireza Esteghamati, Bagher Larijani, Mohammad Haji Aghajani, Fatemeh Ghaemi, Jamshid Kermanchi, Ali Shahrami, Mohammad Saadat, Ensieh Nasli Esfahani, Morsaleh Ganji, Sina Noshad, Elias Khajeh, Alireza Ghajar, Behnam Heidari, Mohsen Afarideh, Jeffrey I Mechanick, Faramarz Ismail-Beigi
We estimated proportions of different types of diabetes, comorbidities, treatment (the use of oral glucose-lowering agents and insulin), control (hyperglycemia, dyslipidemia and hypertension) and chronic microvascular and macrovascular complications among people with diabetes presenting to the tertiary-care academic diabetes outpatient clinics in Iran. This study is the prospective analysis of data (n = 30,202) from the registry of university-affiliated adult outpatient diabetes clinics in the country during 2015-2016...
October 18, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29040956/antihyperlipidemic-effect-of-pistacia-khinjuk
#8
Faiza Kamal, Muhammad Shahzad, Tanveer Ahmad, Zaheer Ahmed, Rasool Bakhash Tareen, Rabiya Naz, Ali Ahmad
BACKGROUND: Hyperlipidemia is a metabolic disorder that is caused by high levels of triglycerides and cholesterol in blood. Using of plants for the treatment of various ailments is a traditional practice in developing countries. The main objective of the study is to analyse the nutritional composition of Pistacia khinjuk and to assess its anti-hyperlipidemic activity. MATERIALS AND METHODS: In the present study, the ethanolic extract of Pistacia khinjuk leaves was evaluated for antihyperlipidemic activity...
October 14, 2017: Biomedicine & Pharmacotherapy, Biomédecine & Pharmacothérapie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29036612/cd40l-controls-obesity-associated-vascular-inflammation-oxidative-stress-and-endothelial-dysfunction-in-mice-translational-aspects-for-man
#9
Sebastian Steven, Mobin Dib, Michael Hausding, Fatemeh Kashani, Matthias Oelze, Swenja Kröller-Schön, Alina Hanf, Steffen Daub, Siyer Roohani, Yves Gramlich, Esther Lutgens, Eberhard Schulz, Christian Becker, Karl J Lackner, Hartmut Kleinert, Christoph Knosalla, Beate Niesler, Philipp S Wild, Thomas Münzel, Andreas Daiber
Aims: CD40 ligand (CD40L) signaling controls vascular oxidative stress and related dysfunction in angiotensin-II-induced arterial hypertension by regulating vascular immune cell recruitment and platelet activation. Here we investigated the role of CD40L in experimental hyperlipidemia. Methods and Results: Male wild type and CD40L-/- mice (C57BL/6 background) were subjected to high fat diet for sixteen weeks. Weight, cholesterol, HDL and LDL levels, endothelial function (isometric tension recording), oxidative stress (NADPH oxidase expression, dihydroethidium fluorescence) and inflammatory parameters (inducible nitric oxide synthase, interleukin-6 expression) were assessed...
September 26, 2017: Cardiovascular Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29034463/statin-treatment-may-lower-the-risk-of-postradiation-epilepsy-in-patients-with-nasopharyngeal-carcinoma
#10
Xiaoming Rong, Jing Yin, Hongxuan Wang, Xiaoni Zhang, Ying Peng
OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to clarify the effect of statins on preventing the risk of postradiation epilepsy. METHODS: We performed a retrospective analysis of neurological nasopharyngeal carcinoma patients with a history of radiotherapy. Patients with a history of epilepsy before radiation and those who received prophylactically antiepileptic treatment were excluded. The demographic and clinical data of these patients were collected through chart review. We used Kaplan-Meier analysis (log-rank test) to examine the effect of statins on epilepsy-free survival...
October 16, 2017: Epilepsia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29034031/coronary-artery-bypass-surgery-in-end-stage-renal-disease-patients
#11
REVIEW
Daijiro Hori, Atsushi Yamaguchi, Hideo Adachi
The number of patients requiring hemodialysis is continuously increasing around the world. Hemodialysis affects patient quality of life and it is also associated with a higher risk for cardiovascular events. In addition to traditional risk factors for cardiovascular events such as hypertension, hyperlipidemia, and diabetes, hemodialysis is associated with hyperphosphatemia, chronic inflammation, vascular calcification, and anemia which accelerate atherosclerosis, vascular stiffness, and cardiac ischemia. Treatment strategy for coronary revascularization in this progressive disease remains controversial...
June 25, 2017: Annals of Vascular Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29033075/multi-drug-resistant-organism-infections-in-a-medical-icu-association-to-clinical-features-and-impact-upon-outcome
#12
E E Magira, S Islam, M S Niederman
OBJECTIVE: To define clinical features associated with Intensive Care Unit (ICU) infections caused by multi-drug resistant organisms (MDRO) and their impact on patient outcome. DESIGN: A single-center, retrospective case-control study was carried out between January 2010 and May 2010. SETTING: A medical ICU (MICU) in the United States. PATIENTS: The study included a total of 127 MDRO-positive patients and 186 MDRO-negative patients...
October 12, 2017: Medicina Intensiva
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29032119/a-systematic-review-of-safety-and-efficacy-of-systemic-corticosteroids-in-atopic-dermatitis
#13
Sherry Yu, Aaron M Drucker, Mark Lebwohl, Jonathan I Silverberg
BACKGROUND: Systemic corticosteroids are often used to treat atopic dermatitis (AD). However, few studies assessed the safety and efficacy of systemic corticosteroids in AD. OBJECTIVE: To systematically review the literature on efficacy and safety of systemic corticosteroid use (oral, intramuscular, intravenous) in AD. METHODS: PubMed, Embase, Medline, Scopus, Web of Science, and Cochrane Library were searched. We included systematic reviews, guidelines and treatment reviews of systemic corticosteroid use among patients of all ages with a diagnosis of AD (52 reviews and 12 studies)...
October 12, 2017: Journal of the American Academy of Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29031723/inhibition-of-cholinergic-potentiation-of-insulin-secretion-from-pancreatic-islets-by-chronic-elevation-of-glucose-and-fatty-acids-protection-by-casein-kinase-2-inhibitor
#14
Nicolai M Doliba, Qin Liu, Changhong Li, Pan Chen, Chengyang Liu, Ali Naji, Franz M Matschinsky
OBJECTIVES: Chronic hyperlipidemia and hyperglycemia are characteristic features of type 2 diabetes (T2DM) that are thought to cause or contribute to β-cell dysfunction by "glucolipotoxicity." Previously we have shown that acute treatment of pancreatic islets with fatty acids (FA) decreases acetylcholine-potentiated insulin secretion. This acetylcholine response is mediated by M3 muscarinic receptors, which play a key role in regulating β-cell function. Here we examine whether chronic FA exposure also inhibits acetylcholine-potentiated insulin secretion using mouse and human islets...
October 2017: Molecular Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29031588/swertisin-rich-fraction-from-enicostema-littorale-ameliorates-hyperglycemia-and-hyperlipidemia-in-high-fat-fed-diet-and-low-dose-streptozotacin-induced-type-2-diabetes-mellitus-in-rats
#15
Priyanka Mokashi, Lokesh Kumar Bhatt, Aparna Khanna, Nancy Pandita
INTRODUCTION: Enicostema littorale blume (A. Raynal) is a traditional Indian plant belongs to the Gentianaceae family. A lot of research has been done on this plant for its antidiabetic activity. However, there are no reports on flavonoids from E. littorale for its antidiabetic activity and their mechanism of action. Thus, the aim of this study is to evaluate the antidiabetic activity of Swertisin rich flavonoid fraction (SRF) from Enicostema littorale blume and their mechanism of action...
October 11, 2017: Biomedicine & Pharmacotherapy, Biomédecine & Pharmacothérapie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29029469/genetic-and-environmental-factors-and-serum-hormones-and-risk-of-estrogen-receptor-positive-breast-cancer-in-pre-and-postmenopausal-japanese-women
#16
Jiazhi Guo, Aiko Sueta, Koshi Nakamura, Nobuyasu Yoshimoto, Motoi Baba, Naoko Ishida, Kanako Hagio, Tatsuya Toyama, Hirotaka Iwase, Akiko Tamakoshi, Hiroko Yamashita
Breast cancer incidence in Japanese women has more than tripled over the past two decades. We have previously shown that this marked increase is mostly due to an increase in the estrogen receptor (ER)-positive, HER2-negative subtype. We conducted a case-control study; ER-positive, HER2-negative breast cancer patients who were diagnosed since 2011 and women without disease were recruited. Environmental factors, serum levels of testosterone and 25-hydroxyvitamin D, and common genetic variants reported as predictors of ER-positive breast cancer or found in Asian women were evaluated between patients and controls in pre- and postmenopausal women...
September 12, 2017: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29029108/relative-risks-of-contributing-factors-to-morbidity-and-mortality-in-adults-with-craniopharyngioma-on-gh-replacement
#17
Kevin C J Yuen, Anders F Mattsson, Pia Burman, Eva-Marie Erfurth, Cecilia Camacho-Hubner, Janet L Fox, Johan Verhelst, Mitchell E Geffner, Roger Abs
Context: Craniopharyngioma (CP) in adults, of either childhood-onset (CO-CP) or adult-onset (AO-CP), is associated with increased morbidity and mortality, but data on the relative risks (RRs) of contributing factors are lacking. Objective: To assess the RRs of factors contributing to morbidity and mortality of adults with CO-CP and AO-CP. Methods: Data on 1,669 CP patients from KIMS (Pfizer International Metabolic Database) were analyzed using univariate and multiple Poisson and Cox regression methods...
September 29, 2017: Journal of Clinical Endocrinology and Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29028675/the-risk-of-stroke-in-physicians-a-population-based-cohort-study-in-taiwan
#18
Hon-Pheng Tam, Hung-Jung Lin, Shih-Feng Weng, Chien-Chin Hsu, Jhi-Joung Wang, Shih-Bin Su, Chien-Cheng Huang, How-Ran Guo
BACKGROUND: Physicians in Taiwan work in stressful workplaces and have heavy workloads, both of which may contribute to the occurrence of a stroke. However, it is not clear whether they have a higher risk of stroke. Therefore, we conducted a population-based cohort study to compare the risks of stroke between physicians and the general population and among subgroups of physicians in Taiwan. METHODS: In the National Health Insurance Research Database of Taiwan, we identified 28,062 physicians and selected 84,186 age- and sex-matched nonmedical staff beneficiaries as the references...
October 2017: Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29028586/ameliorative-effect-of-borneol-a-natural-bycyclic-monoterpene-against-hyperglycemia-hyperlipidemia-and-oxidative-stress-in-streptozotocin-induced-diabetic-wistar-rats
#19
Madhuri Kodikonda, Prakash Ramachandra Naik
Diabetes mellitus is a major public health problem worldwide. Oxidative stress plays a pivotal role in the pathogenesis of diabetes as it is one of the inevitable outcomes of the cellular process. The present study aims to investigate the putative antihyperglycemic, antihyperlipidemic and antioxidant efficacy of a monoterpene borneol, in comparison with glibenclamide, a standard drug for therapy of diabetes. Diabetes was induced by a single intraperitoneal injection of 40mg/kg body weight. The results of the present study showed a significant increase in the biochemical indices viz...
October 9, 2017: Biomedicine & Pharmacotherapy, Biomédecine & Pharmacothérapie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29026869/associations-between-antiretroviral-treatment-and-avascular-bone-necrosis-the-swiss-hiv-cohort-study
#20
Cornelia Bayard, Bruno Ledergerber, Markus Flepp, Thanh Lecompte, Estelle Moulin, Matthias Hoffmann, Rainer Weber, Cornelia Staehelin, Caroline Di Benedetto, Christoph A Fux, Philip E Tarr, Barbara Hasse
BACKGROUND: HIV-infected individuals have an increased risk of avascular bone necrosis (AVN). Antiretroviral therapy (ART) and particularly protease inhibitors (PI) have been implicated as a risk factor. We aimed to study the associations of ART with the occurrence of AVN among Swiss HIV Cohort Study participants (SHCS). METHODS: We used incidence density sampling to perform a case control study within the Swiss HIV Cohort Study (SHCS) comparing prospectively collected AVN cases and controls by conditional logistic regression analysis...
2017: Open Forum Infectious Diseases
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