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sebaceous carcinoma

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28794552/histopathological-analysis-of-skin-adnexal-tumors-a-three-year-study-of-110-cases-at-a-tertiary-care-center
#1
Kanwalpreet Kaur, Karuna Gupta, Deepika Hemrajani, Ajay Yadav, Kalpana Mangal
BACKGROUND: Skin adnexal tumors (SAT) encompass wide spectrum of benign and malignant tumors that differentiate toward one or more adnexal structures found in normal skin. Overall incidence of SATs is low yet they can be challenging to diagnose. AIMS: The aim of this study is to study the spectrum and microscopic features of SATs. MATERIALS AND METHODS: It was a retrospective cross-sectional, descriptive study conducted over a period of 3 years...
July 2017: Indian Journal of Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28757039/genomic-characterisation-of-felis-catus-papillomavirus-type-5-with-proposed-classification-within-a-new-papillomavirus-genus
#2
John S Munday, Keren E Dittmer, Neroli A Thomson, Simon F Hills, Rebecca E Laurie
Four Felis catus papillomavirus (FcaPV) types have been fully sequenced from domestic cats. Of these, FcaPV-2 and -3 are thought to cause feline viral plaques and Bowenoid in situ carcinomas. Two short sequences of DNA from a previously unreported PV type were amplified from a feline viral plaque using consensus PCR primers. DNA was then extracted from a swab of the lesion and two sets of 'outward facing' primers were designed using the short sequences to amplify the entire 7600bp genome of the novel PV. The PV was designated FcaPV-5 and contained putative coding regions that were predicted to produce five early proteins and two late ones...
August 2017: Veterinary Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28749576/review-of-the-current-medical-literature-and-assessment-of-current-utilization-patterns-regarding-mismatch-repair-protein-immunohistochemistry-in-cutaneous-muir-torre-syndrome-associated-neoplasms
#3
REVIEW
Jason B Lee, Brandon R Litzner, Claudia I Vidal
Muir-Torre syndrome is a clinical variant of Lynch syndrome defined by the synchronous or metachronous occurrence of at least one sebaceous neoplasm and at least one Lynch syndrome-related internal cancer. Although screening guidelines for patients with colorectal carcinomas have been established, screening guidelines for cutaneous Muir-Torre associated neoplasms are not currently available. As such, we reviewed the current evidence for the use of MLH1, MSH2, MSH6, and PMS2 immunohistochemistry when cutaneous Muir-Torre associated neoplasms are encountered...
July 27, 2017: Journal of Cutaneous Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28741159/sebaceous-gland-carcinoma-of-the-ocular-adnexa-variability-in-clinical-and-histological-appearance-with-analysis-of-immunohistochemical-staining-patterns
#4
Eva Janine Schmitz, Martina C Herwig-Carl, Frank G Holz, Karin U Loeffler
PURPOSE: The purpose of the study was to evaluate the characteristics of sebaceous gland carcinoma (SGC) of the ocular adnexae, which is due to a high variability in clinical, histological and immunohistochemical characteristics often challenging to diagnose. METHODS: Records of six patients with SGC were reviewed, who underwent surgical excision and who were histologically diagnosed with SGC. For comparison, there were specimens from four patients with basal cell carcinoma (BCC) and four patients with squamous cell carcinoma (SCC)...
July 24, 2017: Graefe's Archive for Clinical and Experimental Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28735439/surgical-management-of-periocular-cancers-high-and-low-risk-features-drive-treatment
#5
REVIEW
Richard C Allen
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Recent advances in the treatment of eyelid tumors have centered on the excision, evaluation of margins, role of sentinel lymph node biopsy, and adjunctive/adjuvant systemic and radiation therapy. The purpose of this review is to elaborate on these advances. RECENT FINDINGS: Mohs excision of basal cell carcinoma and squamous cell carcinoma continues to provide the greatest success in complete excision of the cancer, especially in those cases of high-risk disease including medial canthal location and recurrent disease...
September 2017: Current Oncology Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28726535/mismatch-repair-deficient-metastatic-colon-cancer-and-urothelial-cancer-a-case-report-of-sequential-immune-checkpoint-therapy
#6
Pooja Ghatalia, Rajeswari Nagarathinam, Harry Cooper, Daniel M Geynisman, Wafik S El-Deiry
A major recent advance in cancer therapy involves the use of immune checkpoint therapy for tumors with mismatch repair deficiency, as they have a high tumor mutation load and neoantigen burden. Approximately 4% of advanced colorectal cancer harbors a mismatch repair deficiency. When mismatch repair deficiency exists in the germline, there is increased susceptibility to a variety of cancers including colorectal cancer, uterine cancer, urothelial carcinoma, and skin cancer. Herein we report the case of a 62-year-old man with mismatch repair deficient metastatic colorectal adenocarcinoma, urothelial carcinoma and a history of sebaceous carcinomas...
July 20, 2017: Cancer Biology & Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28721661/sebaceous-differentiation-in-squamous-cell-carcinoma-of-the-larynx-and-adjacent-pharynx-case-report-with-review-and-discussion-of-the-literature
#7
Antonio Cardesa, Alfons Nadal, Llucia Alos, Josep Lloreta-Trull, Alfio Ferlito
Among the variants of squamous cell carcinoma (SCC) of the head and neck arising in mucosal surfaces, examples with sebaceous differentiation are exceedingly rare. We present a new case of SCC with sebaceous differentiation, developing in the larynx of a 64 year-old male, cigarette smoker and alcohol drinker. The tumor extended transglottically, metastasized to cervical lymph nodes, and killed the patient after 12 months. Comparing this case with four previously reported cases of SCC with sebaceous differentiation, two arising in the larynx and the other two in the adjacent pharynx, all five patients mostly shared the following features: appearance of the tumor in the seventh decade of life, heavy tobacco smoking, alcohol intake in three, surgery as mainstay treatment, tumor size between 2 and 4...
July 18, 2017: Head and Neck Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28690521/breast-cancer-metastasis-masquerading-as-the-great-masquerader-sebaceous-cell-carcinoma
#8
Jonathan Martin, Maxwell A Fung, Lily Koo Lin
OBJECTIVE: We describe the case of a patient with metastatic breast cancer who presented with eyelid margin thickening and madarosis more suggestive of sebaceous cell carcinoma than metastatic disease. Histopathology confirmed metastatic breast adenocarcinoma. CASE REPORT: A 59-year-old woman with a known history of metastatic breast carcinoma actively enrolled in a clinical trial presented with a thickened right upper eyelid margin with madarosis and without ulceration...
May 2017: Case Reports in Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28681210/sebaceous-carcinoma-a-review-of-the-scientific-literature
#9
REVIEW
Thomas Knackstedt, Faramarz H Samie
Sebaceous carcinoma is a rare and potentially aggressive cutaneous malignancy. Commonly reported in the periocular area and the head and neck region, sebaceous carcinoma can arise from any sebaceous gland in the skin. The clinical presentation may be nonspecific, and a biopsy is important to establish a diagnosis and to differentiate from mimickers including benign sebaceous neoplasms, other adnexal tumors, and basal cell carcinoma. A diagnosis of Muir Torre syndrome should be considered in patients presenting with a sebaceous neoplasm...
August 2017: Current Treatment Options in Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28677299/tdt-expression-in-normal-and-neoplastic-sebaceous-cells
#10
Sofia-Eleni Tzorakoleftheraki, Alexandros Iliadis, Ioannis Kostopoulos, Triantafyllia Koletsa
AIMS: Terminal deoxynucleotidyl transferase (TdT) is a DNA polymerase expressed in immature, normal and neoplastic, lymphoid or hematopoietic cells and in neuroendocrine carcinomas, like Merkel cell carcinoma and small cell carcinoma. It has not yet been described in cells of epithelial origin. After observing TdT immunoreactivity in normal sebaceous glands we analyzed its spectrum of expression in cases of sebaceous cell hyperplasia and sebaceous cell neoplasms. METHODS & RESULTS: Twelve cases of sebaceous gland hyperplasia (SGH), and three cases of other benign lesions, namely, sebaceoma, sebaceous adenoma and sebaceous nevus, along with four archived cases of sebaceous cell carcinomas (SC) were collected and stained with TdT antibody...
July 5, 2017: Histopathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28665073/sebaceous-carcinoma-clinicopathologic-analysis-of-29-cases-in-a-tertiary-hospital-in-korea
#11
Su Kyung Park, Jin Park, Han Uk Kim, Seok Kweon Yun
Sebaceous carcinoma (SC) is a neoplasm derived from the adnexal epithelium of the sebaceous glands, and most studies on this neoplasm have been conducted in Caucasians. We retrospectively reviewed the records of 29 patients with SC (16 extraocular and 13 ocular lesions) who were diagnosed from 2001 to 2014 to analyze the clinical and histopathological features of SC in the Korean population. Sixteen of the patients were women and 13 were men. There was an equal sex distribution for extraocular lesions, and a female predilection (M:F = 1:1...
August 2017: Journal of Korean Medical Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28658793/mucoepidermoid-carcinoma-of-salivary-gland-limitations-and-pitfalls-on-fna
#12
Geetha Vasudevan, Arijit Bishnu, Brij Mohan Kumar Singh, Varun Kumar Singh
Mucoepidermoid Carcinoma (MEC) is the most common malignant neoplasm of salivary gland origin. However, its morphologic heterogeneity poses difficulty in interpretation. In the present series we discuss the morphologic features of MEC, limitations and pitfalls in its diagnosis on Fine Needle Aspiration Cytology (FNAC). Fourteen cases of suspected MEC were evaluated cytologically followed by histopathological examination for confirmation. A definite cytological diagnosis was rendered in nine cases; three of the remaining five were underdiagnosed as abscess, pleomorphic adenoma and mucus cyst...
May 2017: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28633738/sebaceous-carcinoma-on-the-arm-of-a-10-year-old-girl
#13
Stephen K Stacey, Tyler A Moss, Todd T Kobayashi
We report a case of a 10 year-old girl diagnosed with sebaceous carcinoma of the posterior left arm. The presented case reviews the histopathological and immunohistochemical characteristics of this malignancy, including a review of the literature in pediatric patients regarding prognosis and treatment. Sebaceous carcinoma is a malignant neoplasm with sebaceous differentiation, typically occurring in the sixth-to-seventh decades of life. It most commonly arises in the periocular region. It is extremely rare in the pediatric population...
June 15, 2017: Dermatology Online Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28631273/dermoscopic-features-of-ocular-and-extraocular-sebaceous-carcinomas
#14
Hanae Satomura, Dai Ogata, Eichi Arai, Tetsuya Tsuchida
Sebaceous carcinomas are rare but potentially fatal malignant adenocarcinomas with varying degrees of sebaceous differentiation. Several dermoscopic findings of extraocular sebaceous carcinomas have been reported; however, there are no previous reports of ocular sebaceous carcinomas detected using dermoscopy. We present a case of ocular sebaceous carcinomas showing specific findings from dermoscopy, and describe the common dermoscopic characteristics. In our cases and a review of cases in the literature, we noted that polymorphous vessels and yellowish areas were observed in all eight cases...
June 20, 2017: Journal of Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28627087/familial-seborrhoeic-keratosis-associated-with-multiple-pure-reticulated-acanthomas-and-infundibulocystic-basal-cell-carcinomas
#15
J Agustí, R Bella-Navarro, A B García-García, E Bueno, R González-Sarmiento, L Navarro, B Sanchez-Sendra, A Revert, E Jordá, C Monteagudo
BACKGROUND: A variety of genodermatoses with multiple cutaneous tumors with germline genetic alterations such as Gorlin syndrome with PTCH1 gene mutations have been described. Other cutaneous syndromes have been associated with somatic gene mutations, such as FGFR3 in familial seborrhoeic keratosis. OBJECTIVE: We describe the clinical, dermoscopic, and histopathological features of multiple cutaneous lesions, mostly infundibulocystic basal cell carcinomas and pure reticulated acanthomas, present in a family affected by familial seborrhoeic keratosis...
June 18, 2017: British Journal of Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28593747/novel-serum-metabolomics-based-approach-by-gas-chromatography-triple-quadrupole-mass-spectrometry-for-detection-of-human-skin-cancers-candidate-biomarkers
#16
Takeshi Fukumoto, Shin Nishiumi, Susumu Fujiwara, Masaru Yoshida, Chikako Nishigori
Skin cancer incidence rates are continuing to rise; however, if detected at an early stage, they can be cured with minimally invasive treatment. Therefore, the identification of novel and robust biomarkers for the early detection of skin cancer is required to improve the quality of life of the patient after treatment. In the present study, we aimed to identify novel biomarkers of skin cancers. We carried out serum metabolomics using gas chromatography/triple quadrupole mass spectrometry for two types of skin cancer: squamous cell carcinoma and melanoma...
June 8, 2017: Journal of Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28565920/vulvar-basal-cell-carcinoma-four-case-reports-with-immunohistochemical-study
#17
Mª Reyes García-de-la-Fuente, Maria Santacana, Felip Vilardell, R M Pujol, Eloi Gari, J M Casanova
Basal cell carcinomas (BCC) are the most frequent tumours in humans and normally appear in photoexposed areas of the skin. It is widely accepted that BCCs originate at follicular stem cells and consequently are very rare in nonhairy areas. Here, we report 4 cases of vulvar BCC, 3 of which were located in a vulvar semimucous area, a nonphotoexposed area, and a nonhairy area. We have determined the CK7 and CK19 profile of all cases; both are markers of simple epithelium with glandular differentiation. Interestingly, all cases were positively stained for CK7 and CK19...
May 1, 2017: Journal of Cutaneous Medicine and Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28551389/mutation-analysis-of-ctnnb1-gene-and-the-ras-pathway-genes-kras-nras-braf-and-pik3ca-in-eyelid-sebaceous-carcinomas
#18
Mi Jung Kwon, Eun Sook Nam, Seong Jin Cho, Hye-Rim Park, Soo Kee Min, Jinwon Seo, Ji-Young Choe
Sebaceous carcinoma (SC) represents a rare, aggressive eyelid malignancy with poor prognosis and is a possible component of Muir-Torre syndrome. However, genetic features as driver mutations or potential therapeutic targets are not fully elucidated. Recent a few studies have shown that SCs have concurrently multiple mutations including RAS/RAF/MAPK and PI3K/Akt pathways via next-generation sequencing in western population. Because we recently demonstrated absence of KRAS mutations in Korean eyelid SCs, we extended our previous study to the analysis of NRAS, BRAF, PIK3CA, and CTNNB1 mutations, and the examination of related protein expressions in 15 eyelid SCs...
June 2017: Pathology, Research and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28548901/neuroendocrine-differentiation-in-basal-cell-carcinoma
#19
Yoldez Houcine, Ines Chelly, Alia Zehani, Linda Belhaj Kacem, Haifa Azzouz, Wafa Rekik, Hend C, Slim Haouet, Nidhameddine Kchir
Basal cell carcinoma (BCC) is the prototypical basaloid tumor of the skin. It may show various patterns simulating other cutaneous tumors due to its pleomorphism. It may have an unusal pattern of differentiation such as squamous, sebaceous, apocrine, eccrine, pilar, and endocrine differentiation. In order to establish the relative frequency of neuroendocrine differentiation in BCC, we performed a retrospective study of 33 consecutive BCCs using conventional immunohistochemistry with two neuroendocrine antibodies: Chromogranine A and synaptophysine...
May 26, 2017: Journal of Immunoassay & Immunochemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28537014/usefulness-of-pet-ct-for-early-detection-of-internal-malignancies-in-patients-with-muir-torre-syndrome-report-of-two-cases
#20
Yui Ishiguro, Shigenori Homma, Tadashi Yoshida, Yosuke Ohno, Nobuki Ichikawa, Hideki Kawamura, Hiroo Hata, Satoru Kase, Susumu Ishida, Hiromi Okada-Kanno, Kanako C Hatanaka, Akinobu Taketomi
BACKGROUND: Muir-Torre syndrome (MTS) is a rare autosomal dominant genodermatosis caused by mutations in mismatch repair genes. It is characterized by the presence of at least one sebaceous skin tumor associated with internal malignancies. Whether positron emission tomography/computed tomography (PET/CT) is useful for the detection of malignancies in patients with MTS has not been determined. We herein report two cases in which PET/CT was useful for the diagnosis and follow-up of internal malignancies in patients with MTS...
December 2017: Surgical Case Reports
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