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Antiangiogenesis

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28513194/long-noncoding-rnas-emerging-regulators-of-tumor-angiogenesis
#1
Su-Rui Sheng, Jia-Shun Wu, Ya-Ling Tang, Xin-Hua Liang
Long noncoding RNAs (lncRNAs) participate in multiple biological processes especially human diseases, of which, tumor seems to be one of the most significant. Angiogenesis has been deemed to have a pivotal role in a series of tumor biological behaviors in tumorigenesis, progression and prognosis. Emerging evidences suggested that lncRNAs are involved in tumor angiogenesis and lncRNAs have already been verified to be potential biomarkers and promising therapeutic targets. This review summarized emerging angiogenesis-related lncRNAs, discussed their mechanisms interacting with cytokines, cancer stem cells, miRNAs and tumor hypoxia microenvironment, and demonstrated if lncRNAs could be new candidate targets of antiangiogenesis therapy...
May 17, 2017: Future Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28501090/antiangiogenic-therapy-in-gastroesophageal-cancer
#2
REVIEW
Zhaohui Jin, Harry H Yoon
Antiangiogenesis therapy is one of only 2 biologically targeted approaches shown to improve overall survival over standard of care in advanced adenocarcinoma of the stomach or gastroesophageal junction (GEJ). Therapeutic targeting of vascular endothelial growth factor receptor 2 improves overall survival in patients with previously treated advanced gastric/GEJ adenocarcinoma. No antiangiogenesis therapy has demonstrated an overall survival benefit in patients with chemo-naïve or resectable esophagogastric cancer or in patients whose tumors arise from the esophagus...
June 2017: Hematology/oncology Clinics of North America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28488026/carfilzomib-and-lenalidomide-response-related-to-vegf-and-vegfr2-germline-polymorphisms
#3
Tristan M Sissung, Cody J Peer, Neha Korde, Sham Mailankody, Dickran Kazandjian, David J Venzon, Ola Landgren, William D Figg
The combination of carfilzomib, lenalidomide, and dexamethasone (CRd) has induced deep responses in patients with newly diagnosed multiple myeloma. While vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) pathway polymorphisms have been associated with clinical outcomes for antiangiogenesis agents, we explored associations between such polymorphisms and CRd clinical response. The VEGF-1498C>T (rs833061) and VEGFR2 V297I (rs2305948) were associated with CRd response (OR ≤ 0.10, P ≤ 0.009), whereas VEGF-1498C>T and VEGFR2 Q472H (rs1870377) were associated with minimum residual disease negativity (P ≤ 0...
May 9, 2017: Cancer Chemotherapy and Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28464525/hollow-au-cu-nanocomposite-for-real-time-tracing-photothermal-antiangiogenic-therapy
#4
Xiaojuan Pang, Xiaoxiao Tan, Jinping Wang, Li Liu, Qing You, Qi Sun, Yidan Wang, Fengping Tan, Nan Li
High absorption in the near-infrared (NIR) region is essential for a photoabsorbing agents to realize efficient photothermal therapy (PTT) for cancer. Here, a novel hollow Au-Cu nanocomposite (HGCNs) is developed, which displays a significantly enhanced NIR surface plasmon resonance absorption and photothermal transduction efficiency. Besides, fluorescent polymer dots poly(9,9-dioctylfluorene-2,7-diyl-co-benzothiadiazole) (PFBT) and chemotherapeutic mammalian target of rapamycin (mTOR) inhibitor agent rapamycin (RAPA) are attached onto the HGCNs (RAPA/PFBT-HGCNs) for real-time NIR fluorescence tracing and combined PTT/antiangiogenesis therapy...
May 2, 2017: Advanced Healthcare Materials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28455219/ph-sensitive-polymeric-nanoparticles-for-co-delivery-of-doxorubicin-and-curcumin-to-treat-cancer-via-enhanced-pro-apoptotic-and-anti-angiogenic-activities
#5
Jinming Zhang, Jingjing Li, Zhi Shi, Yang Yang, Xi Xie, Simon MingYuen Lee, Yitao Wang, Kam W Leong, Meiwan Chen
Co-delivery of multiple drugs with complementary anticancer mechanisms by nano-carriers offers an effective strategy to treat cancer. The combination of drugs with pro-apoptotic and anti-angiogenic activities is potentially effective in treating human hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). Herein, we developed a co-delivery system for doxorubicin (Dox), a pro-apoptotic drug, and curcumin (Cur), a potent drug for antiangiogenesis, in pH-sensitive nanoparticles (NPs) constituted with amphiphilic poly(β-amino ester) copolymer...
April 25, 2017: Acta Biomaterialia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28440736/levistilide-a-inhibits-angiogenesis-in-liver-fibrosis-via-vascular-endothelial-growth-factor-signaling-pathway
#6
Zhi-Min Zhao, Hong-Liang Liu, Xin Sun, Tao Guo, Li Shen, Yan-Yan Tao, Cheng-Hai Liu
Levistilide A (C24H28O4, molecular weight = 380.48) derived from Angelica sinensis (Danggui) has been reported to inhibit hepatic stellate cell proliferation. This study investigated the effects of levistilide A on liver fibrosis relating to angiogenesis, particularly on the characteristic change in liver sinusoidal endothelial cells. LX-2 cells were activated by TGF-β1, and the human hepatic sinusoidal endothelial cells (HHSECs) were induced by endothelial cell growth supplement. Cell viability was detected using a methylthiazoldiphenyl-tetrazolium bromide assay; F-actin was visualized through the fluorescence probe method; cell proliferation was examined using the EdU kit; antiangiogenesis activity was assessed using the tube formation assay and transgenic zebrafish model...
May 2017: Experimental Biology and Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28435247/delivery-of-curcumin-by-directed-self-assembled-micelles-enhances-therapeutic-treatment-of-non-small-cell-lung-cancer
#7
Wen-Ting Zhu, Sheng-Yao Liu, Lei Wu, Hua-Li Xu, Jun Wang, Guo-Xin Ni, Qing-Bing Zeng
BACKGROUND: It has been widely reported that curcumin (CUR) exhibits anticancer activity and triggers the apoptosis of human A549 non-small-cell lung cancer (NSCLC) cells. However, its application is limited owing to its poor solubility and bioavailability. Therefore, there is an urgent need to develop a new CUR formulation with higher water solubility and better biocompatibility for clinical application in the future. MATERIALS AND METHODS: In this study, CUR-loaded methoxy polyethylene glycol-polylactide (CUR/mPEG-PLA) polymeric micelles were prepared by a thin-film hydration method...
2017: International Journal of Nanomedicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28430579/antiangiogenesis-and-gene-aberration-related-therapy-may-improve-overall-survival-in-patients-with-concurrent-kras-and-tp53-hotspot-mutant-cancer
#8
Zhijie Wang, Sarina Piha-Paul, Filip Janku, Vivek Subbiah, Naiyi Shi, Jing Gong, Chetna Wathoo, Kenna Shaw, Kenneth Hess, Russell Broaddus, Aung Naing, David Hong, Apostolia M Tsimberidou, Daniel Karp, James Yao, Funda Meric-Bernstam, Siqing Fu
PURPOSE: Genetic alterations such as activating KRAS and/or inactivating TP53 are thought to be the most common drivers to tumorigenesis. Therefore, we assessed phase I cancer patients with KRAS+/TP53+ mutations. RESULTS: Approximately 8% of patients referred to phase I clinical trials harbored concurrent KRAS and TP53 mutations. Patients who received a phase I trial therapy (n = 57) had a median OS of 12 months, compared with 4.6 months in those who were not treated (n = 106; p = 0...
May 16, 2017: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28424759/antiangiogenesis-for-advanced-non-small-cell-lung-cancer-in-the-era-of-immunotherapy-and-personalized-medicine
#9
REVIEW
Samer Tabchi, Normand Blais
Over the past decade, patients with advanced non-small-cell lung cancer (NSCLC) have witnessed substantial advances in regards to therapeutic alternatives. Among newly developed agents, angiogenesis inhibitors were extensively tested in different settings and have produced some favorable outcomes despite several shortcomings. Bevacizumab is the most examined agent in this context and has demonstrated significant survival benefits when combined with standard chemotherapy in eligible patients. Preliminary results on the addition of bevacizumab to erlotinib in patients with EGFR-mutated NSCLC seem promising...
2017: Frontiers in Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28405526/anti-vegfr2-interferon-%C3%AE-2-regulates-the-tumor-microenvironment-and-exhibits-potent-antitumor-efficacy-against-colorectal-cancer
#10
Zhaoting Li, Yijia Zhu, Chenchen Li, Ryan Trinh, Xueyan Ren, Fumou Sun, Youfu Wang, Pengzhao Shang, Tong Wang, Min Wang, Sherie L Morrison, Juan Zhang
Interferon-α (IFNα) has multiple antitumor effects including direct antitumor toxicity and the ability to potently stimulate both innate and adaptive immunity. However, its clinical applications in the treatment of malignancies have been limited because of short half-life and serious adverse reactions when attempting to deliver therapeutically effective doses. To address these issues, we fused IFNα2a to the anti-vascular endothelial growth factor and receptor 2 (VEGFR2) antibody JZA00 with the goal of targeting it to the tumor microenvironment where it can stimulate the antitumor immune response...
2017: Oncoimmunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28383671/drug-induced-liver-injury-in-oncology
#11
A D Ricart
Liver regeneration has been an adaptation of vertebrates through evolutionary events to protect them from environmental pressures (e.g. ingested toxins). Elevated serum levels of aminotransferases generally indicate liver injury, but do not necessarily reflect or predict hepatotoxicity. Drug-induced liver injury (DILI) is first classified as predictable or unpredictable (idiosyncratic). Predictable DILI is dose-related and occurs shortly after exposure (e.g. high dose alkylating agents). Unpredictable reactions result from a succession of unlikely events, a "multihit" process (e...
April 5, 2017: Annals of Oncology: Official Journal of the European Society for Medical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28376864/antiangiogenic-effects-of-oridonin
#12
Lili Tian, Kangjie Xie, Donglai Sheng, Xiaoqing Wan, Guofu Zhu
BACKGROUND: Oridonin, the major terpene found in Rabdosia rubescens (Henmsl.) Hara, is widely used as a dietary supplement and therapeutic drug. Oridonin has been proven to possess good anti-tumour activity, but little is known about its effect on angiogenesis. The aim of this study was to investigate the antiangiogenic effects of oridonin in vivo and in vitro and prove that oridonin anti-tumour activity is based on suppressing angiogenesis. METHODS: In vitro, the antiangiogenesis effect was studied by proliferation, apoptosis, migration, invasion, and tube formation experiments on human umbilical vascular endothelial cells (HUVECs)...
April 4, 2017: BMC Complementary and Alternative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28346248/68ga-psma-pet-ct-in-osteosarcoma-in-fibrous-dysplasia
#13
Arun Sasikumar, Ajith Joy, M R A Pillai, Tony M Alex, Geetha Narayanan
Fibrous dysplasia (FD) is a benign bone lesion with a rare but potential for malignant transformation. Neither Tc-MDP nor F-FDG PET/CT can differentiate between FD and areas of malignant transformation in FD. We described a case of osteosarcoma developing in FD with selective uptake of tracer in malignant transformation areas demonstrated on a Ga-PSMA PET/CT scan. Our case highlights the ability of Ga-PSMA PET/CT to map tumor neoangiogenesis in osteosarcoma arising in FD, which can have potential implications in prognostication, possibility of antiangiogenesis-based therapeutic options, and in response assessment following chemotherapy...
June 2017: Clinical Nuclear Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28338787/total-and-fetal-circulating-cell-free-dna-angiogenic-and-antiangiogenic-factors-in-preeclampsia-and-hellp-syndrome
#14
Rocío Muñoz-Hernández, Pablo Medrano-Campillo, Maria L Miranda, Hada C Macher, Jose Manuel Praena-Fernández, Antonio J Vallejo-Vaz, María J Dominguez-Simeon, Rafael Moreno-Luna, Pablo Stiefel
BACKGROUND: Preeclampsia (PE) is a hypertensive disorder of pregnancy characterized by hypertension and proteinuria. The HELLP syndrome is the most severe form of PE. The aim of the present study was to determine different potential biomarkers that may help us perform an early diagnosis of the disease, assess on the severity of the disease, and/or predict maternal or fetal adverse outcomes. METHODS: We measured serum levels of total and fetal circulating cell-free DNA (cfDNA), soluble endoglin, soluble form of vascular endothelial growth factor receptor, and placental growth factor in a healthy control group of pregnant women (n = 26), patients with mild (n = 37) and severe PE (n = 25), and patients with HELLP syndrome (n = 16)...
February 25, 2017: American Journal of Hypertension
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28296822/the-different-effects-of-vegfa121-and-vegfa165-on-regulating-angiogenesis-depend-on-phosphorylation-sites-of-vegfr2
#15
Wang Shiying, Sun Boyun, Yuan Jianye, Zhang Wanjun, Tao Ping, Lin Jiang, Hu Hongyi
The effects of VEGFA isoforms on the vascular permeability and structure are still unclear. In this study, we found that VEGFA121 and VEGFA165, 2 isoforms of VEGFA, exerted the opposing effects of antiangiogenesis and proangiogenesis on regulating vascular endothelia cells proliferation and tube formation. The 2 isoforms affected the protein expression of Ras-related protein 1-GTPase-activating protein 1 (Rap1GAP) and thrombospondin 1, 2 important signal molecules of Rap1GAP/thrombospondin 1 signal pathway in primary human umbilical vein endothelial cells by regulating 2 different phosphorylating sites of VEGFR2, Tyr(1175) and Tyr(1214)...
April 2017: Inflammatory Bowel Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28280323/enhanced-anticancer-efficacy-of-paclitaxel-through-multistage-tumor-targeting-liposomes-modified-with-rgd-and-kla-peptides
#16
Jiawei Sun, Lei Jiang, Yi Lin, Ethan Michael Gerhard, Xuehua Jiang, Li Li, Jian Yang, Zhongwei Gu
Mitochondria serve as both "energy factories" and "suicide weapon stores" of cells. Targeted delivery of cytotoxic drugs to the mitochondria of tumor cells and tumor vascular cells is a promising strategy to improve the efficacy of chemotherapy. Here, multistage tumor-targeting liposomes containing two targeted peptide-modified lipids, cRGD-PEG2000-DSPE and KLA-PEG2000-DSPE, were developed for encapsulation of the anticancer drug paclitaxel (PTX, RGD-KLA/PTX-Lips). Compared with Taxol (free PTX), RGD/PTX-Lips and KLA/PTX-Lips, the half-maximal inhibitory concentration (IC50) value of RGD-KLA/PTX-Lips in vitro was 1...
2017: International Journal of Nanomedicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28274890/metronomic-chemotherapy-in-metastatic-colorectal-cancer
#17
In Sook Woo, Yun Hwa Jung
Overall survival and quality of life of patients with metastatic colorectal cancer (mCRC) have improved due to the development of standard systemic treatment. However, many patients are still suffering from the eventual progression of cancer, treatment-related toxicities, and the economic burden of new drugs. Salvage or maintenance therapy, which consistently controls or stabilizes tumor progression without debilitating quality of life, is required. Recently, metronomic capecitabine maintenance therapy after disease control using conventional chemotherapy with maximal tolerated doses has demonstrated beneficial results in a phase III trial...
March 6, 2017: Cancer Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28242821/preventive-effects-of-nucleoprotein-supplementation-combined-with-intermittent-loading-on-capillary-regression-induced-by-hindlimb-unloading-in-rat-soleus-muscle
#18
Yusuke Hirayama, Ryosuke Nakanishi, Noriaki Maeshige, Hidemi Fujino
Physical inactivity leads to muscle atrophy and capillary regression in the skeletal muscle. Intermittent loading during hindlimb unloading attenuates the muscle atrophy, meanwhile the capillary regression in the skeletal muscle is not suppressed. Nucleoprotein has antioxidant capacity and may prevent capillary regression. Therefore, we assessed the combined effects of intermittent loading with nucleoprotein supplementation on capillary regression induced by hindlimb unloading. Five groups of rats were assigned: control (CON), 7 days hindlimb unloading (HU), HU plus nucleoprotein supplementation (HU + NP), intermittent loading during HU (HU + IL), and intermittent loading combined with nucleoprotein supplementation during HU (HU + IL + NP)...
February 2017: Physiological Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28203191/airbag-associated-severe-blunt-eye-injury-causes-choroidal-rupture-and-retinal-hemorrhage-a-case-report
#19
Shih Hao Wang, Chen Chee Lim, Yu Ti Teng
A case of choroidal rupture caused by airbag-associated blunt eye trauma and complicated with massive subretinal hemorrhage and vitreous hemorrhage that was successfully treated with intravitreal injection of expansile gas and bevacizumab is presented. A 53-year-old man suffered from loss of vision in his right eye due to blunt eye trauma by a safety airbag after a traffic accident. On initial examination, the patient had no light perception in his right eye. Dilated ophthalmoscopy revealed massive subretinal hemorrhage with macular invasion and faint vitreous hemorrhage...
January 2017: Case Reports in Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28202353/the-potential-clinical-promise-of-multimodality-metronomic-chemotherapy-revealed-by-preclinical-studies-of-metastatic-disease
#20
Robert S Kerbel, Yuval Shaked
We present a rationale for further clinical development and assessment of metronomic chemotherapy on the basis of unexpected results obtained in translational mouse models of cancer involving treatment of advanced metastatic disease. Historically, mouse cancer therapy models have been dominated by treating established primary tumors or early stage low volume microscopic disease. Treatment of primary tumors is also almost always the case when using genetically engineered mouse models (GEMMS) of cancer or patient-derived xenografts (PDXs)...
February 12, 2017: Cancer Letters
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