keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Butorphanol

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28432759/anesthetic-and-postanesthetic-effects-of-alfaxalone-butorphanol-compared-with-dexmedetomidine-ketamine-in-chinchillas-chinchilla-lanigera
#1
Lily Parkinson, Christoph Mans
Effective and safe anesthetic protocols are required for a variety of surgical and diagnostic procedures in chinchillas.Alfaxalone, a new anesthetic agent in the United States, can be administered intramuscularly and subcutaneously and is therefore potentially useful as an anesthetic induction agent in chinchillas. This study compared the anesthetic efficacy andpostanesthetic effects on food intake and fecal output of a combination of intramuscular alfaxalone (5 mg/kg) and butorphanol(0.5 mg/kg; AB anesthesia) with a combination of dexmedetomidine (0...
April 21, 2017: Journal of the American Association for Laboratory Animal Science: JAALAS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28363076/continuous-intravenous-infusion-anesthesia-with-medetomidine-ketamine-and-midazolam-after-induction-with-a-combination-of-etorphine-medetomidine-and-midazolam-or-with-medetomidine-ketamine-and-butorphanol-in-impala-aepyceros-melampus
#2
Christina A Gerlach, Maya S Kummrow, Leith C Meyer, Gareth E Zeiler, George F Stegmann, Roxanne K Buck, Geoffrey T Fosgate, Sabine B Kästner
In order to develop a long-term anesthesia for flighty antelope species in field situations, two different protocols for induction and maintenance with an intravenous infusion were evaluated in wild-caught impala ( Aepyceros melampus ). Ten adult female impala were induced with two induction protocols: one consisted of 0.2 mg/kg medetomidine, 4 mg/kg ketamine, and 0.15 mg/kg butorphanol (MKB) and one consisted of 0.375 mg/kg etorphine, 0.2 mg/kg medetomidine, and 0.2 mg/kg midazolam (EMM). In both treatments, anesthesia was maintained with a continuous intravenous infusion (CII) at an initial dose rate of 1...
March 2017: Journal of Zoo and Wildlife Medicine: Official Publication of the American Association of Zoo Veterinarians
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28363074/propofol-as-an-immersion-anesthetic-and-in-a-minimum-anesthetic-concentration-mac-reduction-model-in-goldfish-carassius-auratus
#3
Julie A Balko, Sarah K Wilson, Gregory A Lewbart, Brian R Gaines, Lysa P Posner
Propofol is a novel immersion anesthetic in goldfish ( Carassius auratus ). Objectives were to characterize propofol as an anesthetic and assess its suitability in a minimum anesthetic concentration (MAC) reduction model. Using a crossover design, eight goldfish were submerged in 1, 5, or 10 mg/L propofol. Data included induction time, recovery time, heart rate, opercular rate, and response to supramaximal stimulation. Baseline MAC (Dixon's up-and-down method) was determined, and 15 fish were anesthetized with propofol on 4 consecutive days with MAC determination on the fifth day, weekly, for 1 mo...
March 2017: Journal of Zoo and Wildlife Medicine: Official Publication of the American Association of Zoo Veterinarians
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28363055/cardiorespiratory-effects-of-dexmedetomidine-butorphanol-midazolam-dbm-a-fully-reversible-anesthetic-protocol-in-captive-and-semi-free-ranging-cheetahs-acinonyx-jubatus
#4
A Margarita Woc Colburn, Suzan Murray, Lee-Ann C Hayek, Laurie Marker, Carlos R Sanchez
Multiple anesthesia protocols have been used in the cheetah ( Acinonyx jubatus ). Twenty healthy, captive cheetahs were immobilized with dexmedetomidine (15.8 ± 1.9 μg/kg), butorphanol (0.22 ± 0.03 mg/kg), and midazolam (0.18 ± 0.03 mg/kg) by intramuscular injection. Induction, recumbency, and recovery times were recorded, and physiologic parameters were monitored. Anesthesia was antagonized with atipamezole (0.125 ± 0.02 mg/kg) and naltrexone (0.1 ± 0.014 mg/kg) intramuscularly. All cheetahs were safely anesthetized with this protocol...
March 2017: Journal of Zoo and Wildlife Medicine: Official Publication of the American Association of Zoo Veterinarians
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28363054/anesthetic-management-of-an-indo-pacific-bottlenose-dolphin-tursiops-aduncus-requiring-surgical-debridement-of-a-tail-abscess
#5
Jun Tamura, Makio Yanagisawa, Yusuke Endo, Keiichi Ueda, Haruka Koga, Yasuharu Izumisawa, Kazuto Yamashita
This report describes the anesthetic management of a 14-yr-old, 160-kg, female Indo-Pacific bottlenose dolphin ( Tursiops aduncus ) that underwent surgical debridement for a refractory subcutaneous abscess twice within a 6-mo interval. The animal was otherwise in good physical condition at each anesthetic procedure. Following premedication with intramuscular midazolam and butorphanol, anesthesia was induced with propofol and maintained with sevoflurane by intubation. During surgery ventilation was controlled...
March 2017: Journal of Zoo and Wildlife Medicine: Official Publication of the American Association of Zoo Veterinarians
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28361412/study-of-%C3%AE-and-%C3%AE-opioid-activities-in-agents-with-various-%C3%AE%C2%BA-receptor-selectivity
#6
O Yu Grechko, R A Litvinov, A A Spasov, A I Rashchenko, D M Shtareva, V A Anisimova, V I Minkin
A putative opioid agonist RU-1205 was ineffective within in vitro model of electrically induced contractions of rat ileum assessing the μ- and δ-opioid receptor pathways, while morphine inhibited these contractions in a dose-dependent and naloxone-reversible manners with EC50=2.6×10(-7) M. In vivo experiments revealed no significant effects of RU-1205 on respiration and gastrointestinal tract contractile activity. In contrast, butorphanol decreased respiration rate by 25% (25-100 mg/kg) and slowed down the transit of labeled particles along the small intestine by 77...
March 30, 2017: Bulletin of Experimental Biology and Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28330727/evaluation-of-bam-butorphanol-azaperone-medetomidine-in-captive-african-lion-panthera-leo-immobilization
#7
Aleksandr Semjonov, Vladimir Andrianov, Jacobus P Raath, Toomas Orro, Derik Venter, Liesel Laubscher, Silke Pfitzer
OBJECTIVE: The combination of butorphanol, azaperone and medetomidine (BAM) with subsequent antagonism by naltrexone-yohimbine or naltrexone-atipamezole was evaluated for reversible immobilization of captive African lions (Panthea leo). STUDY DESIGN: Prospective, clinical trial. ANIMALS: Twenty lions, 11 males and nine females, weighing 38-284 kg were immobilized in South Africa. METHODS: The BAM volume dose rate administered was 0...
February 8, 2017: Veterinary Anaesthesia and Analgesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28318988/analgesic-effects-of-morphine-and-butorphanol-in-broiler-chickens
#8
Preet M Singh, Craig B Johnson, Brett Gartrell, Sheryl Mitchinson, Antony Jacob, Paul Chambers
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate analgesic efficacies of morphine and butorphanol in lame broiler chickens. STUDY DESIGN: Double blind, randomized, controlled experimental study. ANIMALS: In study 1, 36 lame and 36 sound chickens. In study 2, 48 lame and 48 sound chickens. METHODS: Sound and lame chickens were gait scored and randomly assigned into four groups: sound-drug, sound-placebo, lame-drug, and lame-placebo in study 1...
January 11, 2017: Veterinary Anaesthesia and Analgesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28298776/a-comparative-study-for-post-operative-analgesia-in-the-emergency-laparotomies-thoracic-epidural-ropivacaine-with-nalbuphine-and-ropivacaine-with-butorphanol
#9
Saravana Babu, Bikram Kumar Gupta, Gyanendra Kumar Gautam
BACKGROUND: Adequate postoperative pain therapy for emergency abdominal surgeries is important far beyond the perioperative period because sensitization to painful stimuli can cause postoperative morbidity. A prospective, double-blind, randomized study was carried out to compare the quality of postoperative analgesia and side-effect profile between epidurally administered butorphanol and nalbuphine as an adjuvant to 0.2% ropivacaine. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A total of eighty patients, 43 men and 37 women between the age of 18 and 65 years of American Society of Anesthesiologists (ASA) Class I E and II E, who underwent intestinal perforation repair surgery were randomly allocated into two groups ropivacaine with butorphanol (RB) and ropivacaine with nalbuphine (RN), comprising of 40 patients each...
January 2017: Anesthesia, Essays and Researches
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28298762/comparison-of-butorphanol-and-fentanyl-for-the-relief-of-postoperative-shivering-associated-with-spinal-anesthesia
#10
Venkata Sesha Sai Krishna Manne, Srinivasa Rao Gondi
AIM: The aim of this study was to compare fentanyl and butorphanol for the relief of postoperative shivering in spinal anesthesia. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A total of 100 American Society of Anesthesiologists physical status Class I and II patients aged 19-60 years belonging to both sexes who were posted for elective surgical procedures under spinal anesthesia were divided into two groups (fentanyl and butorphanol) and monitored intraoperatively for the occurrence of shivering and time taken to control shivering after administration of fentanyl and butorphanol drugs...
January 2017: Anesthesia, Essays and Researches
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28281770/tremors-in-white-rhinoceroses-i-ceratotherium-simum-i-during-etorphine-azaperone-immobilisation
#11
Stephanie S De Lange, Andrea Fuller, Anna Haw, Markus Hofmeyr, Peter Buss, Michele Miller, Leith C R Meyer
Little is known about the mechanisms causing tremors during immobilisation of rhinoceros and whether cardiorespiratory supportive interventions alter their intensity. Therefore, we set out to determine the possible mechanisms that lead to muscle tremors and ascertain whether cardiorespiratory supportive interventions affect tremor intensity. We studied tremors and physiological responses during etorphine-azaperone immobilisation in eight boma-held and 14 free-living white rhinoceroses. Repeated measures analysis of variance and a Friedman test were used to determine differences in variables over time and between interventions...
February 24, 2017: Journal of the South African Veterinary Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28259526/review-of-intranasally-administered-medications-for-use-in-the-emergency-department
#12
Abby M Bailey, Regan A Baum, Karolyn Horn, Tameka Lewis, Kate Morizio, Amy Schultz, Kyle Weant, Stephanie N Justice
BACKGROUND: Intranasal (IN) medication delivery is a viable alternative to other routes of administration, including intravenous (IV) and intramuscular (IM) administration. The IN route bypasses the risk of needle-stick injuries and alleviates the emotional trauma that may arise from the insertion of an IV catheter. OBJECTIVE: This review aims to evaluate published literature on medications administered via the IN route that are applicable to practice in emergency medicine...
March 1, 2017: Journal of Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28210272/injectable-anesthesia-for-mice-combined-effects-of-dexmedetomidine-tiletamine-zolazepam-and-butorphanol
#13
Laura A Cagle, Lisa M Franzi, Steven E Epstein, Philip H Kass, Jerold A Last, Nicholas J Kenyon
Anesthetic protocols for murine models are varied within the literature and medetomidine has been implicated in the development of urethral plugs in male mice. Our objective was to evaluate the combination of butorphanol, dexmedetomidine, and tiletamine-zolazepam. A secondary objective was to identify which class of agent was associated with urethral obstructions in male mice. BALB/c male (n = 13) and female (n = 23) mice were assigned to dexmedetomidine and tiletamine-zolazepam with or without butorphanol or to single agent dexmedetomidine or tiletamine-zolazepam...
2017: Anesthesiology Research and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28140649/effects-of-a-combination-of-acepromazine-maleate-and-butorphanol-tartrate-on-conventional-and-two-dimensional-speckle-tracking-echocardiography-in-healthy-dogs
#14
Giorgia Santarelli, Jesús Talavera López, Josefa Fernández Del Palacio
OBJECTIVE To determine effects of a combination of acepromazine maleate and butorphanol tartrate on conventional echocardiographic variables and on strain values obtained by use of 2-D speckle tracking echocardiography (STE) in healthy dogs. ANIMALS 18 healthy medium- and large-size adult dogs. PROCEDURES Transthoracic echocardiographic examination (2-D, M-mode, color flow, spectral Doppler, and tissue Doppler ultrasonography) and high-definition oscillometric blood pressure measurement were performed before and after dogs were sedated by IM administration of a combination of acepromazine (0...
February 2017: American Journal of Veterinary Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28107080/the-influence-of-a-combined-butorphanol-and-midazolam-premedication-on-anesthesia-in-psittacid-species
#15
Marie Kubiak, Louise Roach, Kevin Eatwell
Premedication is considered routine for domestic animal and human anesthesia but is rarely applied to avian patients, and few controlled studies exist to document effects of premedication in avian species. To determine the effects of a butorphanol and midazolam premedication on general anesthesia and quality of induction and recovery phases in psittacid species, 17 clinically healthy birds undergoing anesthesia were randomly allocated into either a premedicated or control group. Anesthetic parameters were subsequently compared...
December 2016: Journal of Avian Medicine and Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28080917/results-of-the-megaverebrate-analgesia-survey-giraffe-and-hippopotamus
#16
Matthew Boothe, Jack Kottwitz, Roy Harmon, Scott B Citino, Jeffery R Zuba, Dawn M Boothe
Results of an online survey posted on the American Association of Zoo Veterinarians listserv examined the patterns of analgesic medication and pain management modalities used for captive giraffe and hippopotami. Compiled data included signalment, drugs administered, dosing regimens, subjective efficacy scores, ease of administration, and adverse events. Nineteen institutions exhibiting hippopotami ( Hippopotamus amphibious ) and pygmy hippopotami (Choeropsis liberiensis) and 45 exhibiting giraffe ( Giraffa camelopardalis spp...
December 2016: Journal of Zoo and Wildlife Medicine: Official Publication of the American Association of Zoo Veterinarians
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28080912/comparison-of-medetomidine-ketamine-and-butorphanol-azaperone-medetomidine-in-captive-bennett-s-wallabies-macropus-rufogriseus
#17
Megan K Watson, Mary Thurber, Sathya K Chinnadurai
The objective of this study was to compare a traditional partially reversible medetomidine-ketamine sedation with a more reversible butorphanol-azaperone-medetomidine combination in Bennett's wallabies ( Macropus rufogriseus ) maintained in a zoological collection. Fourteen animals were divided into two treatment groups. Individuals in group 1 received an intramuscular (i.m.) injection of butorphanol (0.54 ± 0.05 mg/kg), azaperone (0.22 ± 0.02 mg/kg), and medetomidine (0.16 ± 0.02 mg/kg). Individuals in group 2 received an i...
December 2016: Journal of Zoo and Wildlife Medicine: Official Publication of the American Association of Zoo Veterinarians
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28077539/preoperative-butorphanol-and-flurbiprofen-axetil-therapy-attenuates-remifentanil-induced-hyperalgesia-after-laparoscopic-gynaecological-surgery-a-randomized-double-blind-controlled-trial
#18
L Zhang, R Shu, Q Zhao, Y Li, Y Yu, G Wang
BACKGROUND: Several studies indicate that remifentanil exposure may engender opioid-induced hyperalgesia. Butorphanol and flurbiprofen axetil are proposed as adjunctive analgesics for postoperative pain control. This randomized double-blind controlled study was designed to investigate the antihyperalgesic effects of butorphanol combined with flurbiprofen axetil on opioid-induced hyperalgesia. METHODS: One hundred and twenty patients undergoing elective laparoscopic gynaecological surgery with sevoflurane anaesthesia were randomized to one of four groups, as follows: intraoperative sufentanil 0...
October 2016: British Journal of Anaesthesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28075433/effects-of-morphine-butorphanol-and-levomethadone-in-different-doses-on-thermal-nociceptive-thresholds-in-horses
#19
Paula Dönselmann Im Sande, Klaus Hopster, Sabine Kästner
OBJECTIVE: Various opioids are available for use in equine medicine. Studies directly comparing their analgesic effects and side effects are rare. Therefore, the aim of this study was to compare the antinociceptive effect and the duration of analgesia of two different doses of morphine, butorphanol and levomethadone in horses. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Eight adult, healthy horses were used for this randomized, placebo-controlled, blinded cross-over trail. Each horse received placebo (P = 0...
January 11, 2017: Tierärztliche Praxis. Ausgabe G, Grosstiere/Nutztiere
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28050391/comparison-of-efficacy-and-safety-of-intramuscular-piroxicam-and-tramadol-for-post-operative-pain-in-patients-undergoing-caesarean-delivery
#20
Tejashree Thippeswamy, Bhuvana Krishnaswamy, Girish M Bengalorkar, Narayanaswamy Mariyappa
INTRODUCTION: Post-caesarean section pain can be both stressful and unfavourable. Effective and rapid reduction of pain facilitates early ambulation and care of the new born. Non-Steroidal Anti-Inflammatory Drugs (NSAIDs) and opioids are used for pain relief but they are associated with adverse effects both in the mother and the child. AIM: To evaluate efficacy and safety of piroxicam and tramadol in post-caesarean section pain. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Primigravidae who underwent elective caesarean section received either piroxicam 20mg or tramadol 100mg intra-muscularly, following recovery from anaesthesia...
November 2016: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
keyword
keyword
33570
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"