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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28214634/a-systematic-review-of-help-seeking-and-mental-health-service-utilization-among-military-service-members
#1
REVIEW
Melanie A Hom, Ian H Stanley, Matthew E Schneider, Thomas E Joiner
Research has demonstrated that military service members are at elevated risk for a range of psychiatric problems, and mental health services use is a conduit to symptom reduction and remission. Nonetheless, there is a notable underutilization of mental health services in this population. This systematic review aimed to identify and critically examine: (1) rates of service use; (2) barriers and facilitators to care; and (3) programs and interventions designed to enhance willingness to seek care and increase help-seeking behaviors among current military personnel (e...
February 4, 2017: Clinical Psychology Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28213826/diagnostic-yield-of-ct-urography-in-the-evaluation-of-hematuria-in-young-patients-in-a-military-population
#2
Laura R Mace, Terrel L Galloway, Andrew Ma, Richard S Montgomery, Ryan C Rockhill, William W Reynolds, Robert M Marks
PURPOSE: To assess the diagnostic yield of a computed tomography urography (CTU) study in patients less than 50 years of age, who have a history of military service, and who are at increased risk of urological cancers secondary to harmful practices and work-related exposures. METHODS: 137 Consecutive patients who underwent CTU between 2012 and 2013 for new onset of hematuria were included. Initial review of the clinical interpretations of the CTU studies grouped the studies into negative and positive exams for any urological findings...
February 17, 2017: Abdominal Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28213749/effect-of-continuous-sub-culturing-on-infectivity-of-clostridium-perfringens-atcc13124-in-mouse-gas-gangrene-model
#3
Ravi Bhushan Kumar, Syed Imteyaz Alam
Clostridium perfringens is a Validated Biological Agent and a pathogen of medical, veterinary, and military significance. Gas gangrene is the most destructive of all the clostridial diseases and is caused by C. perfringens type A strains wherein the infection spreads quickly (several inches per hour) with production of gas. Influence of repeated in vitro cultivation on the infectivity of C. perfringens was investigated by comparing the surface proteins of laboratory strain and repository strains of the bacterium using 2DE-MS approach...
February 17, 2017: Folia Microbiologica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28213614/reproductive-dysfunction-and-associated-pathology-in-women-undergoing-military-training
#4
REVIEW
Robert M Gifford, R M Reynolds, J Greeves, R A Anderson, D R Woods
INTRODUCTION: Evidence from civilian athletes raises the question of whether reproductive dysfunction may be seen in female soldiers as a result of military training. Such reproductive dysfunction consists of impaired ovulation with or without long-term subfertility. METHODS: A critical review of pertinent evidence following an extensive literature search. RESULTS: The evidence points towards reduced energy availability as the most likely explanation for exercise-induced reproductive dysfunction...
February 17, 2017: Journal of the Royal Army Medical Corps
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28211592/a-methodology-for-assessing-deployment-trauma-and-its-consequences-in-oef-oif-ond-veterans-the-tracts-longitudinal-prospective-cohort-study
#5
Regina E McGlinchey, William P Milberg, Jennifer R Fonda, Catherine Brawn Fortier
Many US veterans of Afghanistan and Iraq have multiple physical and psychiatric problems. A major focus of research has been on determining the effects of mild Traumatic Brain Injury (mTBI), but mTBI is rarely diagnosed in the absence of co-occurring conditions such as blast exposure, post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD), depression, substance abuse, etc. These potentially interactive psychological and physical conditions produce complex patterns of cognitive, psychological, and physical symptoms that impede civilian reintegration and complicate efficient and effective treatment planning...
February 17, 2017: International Journal of Methods in Psychiatric Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28210498/efficacy-of-hbm-based-dietary-education-intervention-on-knowledge-attitude-and-behavior-in-medical-students
#6
Hamid Reza Tavakoli, Hossein Dini-Talatappeh, Fatemeh Rahmati-Najarkolaei, Mohammad Gholami Fesharaki
BACKGROUND: Using various models of behavior change, a number of studies in the area of nutrition education have confirmed that nutrition habits and behaviors can be improved. OBJECTIVES: This study sought to determine the effects of education on patterns of dietary consumption among medical students at the military university of Tehran, with a view to correcting those patterns. METHODS: In this quasi-experimental study, 242 medical students from the Military University of Tehran were chosen by convenience sampling and then divided into control (n = 107) and intervention groups (n = 135) by block randomization...
November 2016: Iranian Red Crescent Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28209807/blast-injury-of-the-ear-by-massive-explosion-a-review-of-41-cases
#7
Stanislas Ballivet de Régloix, A Crambert, O Maurin, Q Lisan, S Marty, Y Pons
BACKGROUND: Blast injuries in modern warfare are common, and the ear is often affected as it is an effective pressure transducer. This study aimed to evaluate military blast injuries of the ear. METHODS: From May 2002 to October 2014, all patients referred to two military hospitals near Paris, France following exposure to massive explosions were analysed. RESULTS: Among the 41 patients (82 ears), 36 of them reported tinnitus, 25 hearing loss, 14 earache and 8 vertigo...
February 16, 2017: Journal of the Royal Army Medical Corps
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28209282/intimate-partner-violence-screening-in-the-veterans-health-administration-demographic-and-military-service-characteristics
#8
Melissa E Dichter, Terri N Haywood, Anneliese E Butler, Scarlett L Bellamy, Katherine M Iverson
INTRODUCTION: Intimate partner violence (IPV) includes psychological, physical, or sexual aggression by a current or former intimate partner and is associated with a wide range of health and social impacts, especially for women. Women veterans may be at increased risk for experiencing IPV, and some Veterans Health Administration (VHA) facilities have initiated routine screening of female patients for past-year IPV. This study presents the first examination of clinical IPV screening responses recorded from female VHA patients across 13 facilities nationwide, and identifies associations with patient demographic and military service characteristics...
February 10, 2017: American Journal of Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28206806/fostering-resilience-in-national-guard-and-reserve-families-a-contextual-adaptation-of-an-evidence-based-parenting-program
#9
Keri L M Pinna, Sheila Hanson, Na Zhang, Abigail H Gewirtz
Military deployment of a parent is a risk factor for children's internalizing and externalizing problems. This risk may be heightened in National Guard and Reserve (NG/R) families who tend to be isolated from other NG/R families and do not benefit from the centralized support system available to active duty families living on military bases. Isolation and trauma-related disorders may complicate the adjustment of military families during reintegration. An evidence-based parent training intervention was modified to meet the unique needs of recently deployed NG/R parents and their spouses, and the modified program was evaluated in a randomized controlled trial...
2017: American Journal of Orthopsychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28206805/facilitating-successful-reintegration-attending-to-the-needs-of-military-families
#10
Virginia Gil-Rivas, Ryan P Kilmer, Jacqueline C Larson, Laura Marie Armstrong
Subsequent to the wars in Afghanistan and Iraq, the experiences of military service members (MSVMs) and veterans have garnered increasing attention. A growing body of work has begun to shed light on their reintegration, a process that can bring with it transitions and challenges for service members and their families. Although many families adapt effectively, some have difficulty navigating this process, which can lead to a host of short- and long-term negative consequences for families. The literature to date is not well-developed regarding strategies for supporting successful reintegration of MSVMs and veterans in the context of military families...
2017: American Journal of Orthopsychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28206804/student-service-members-veterans-on-campus-challenges-for-reintegration
#11
Brian Borsari, Ali Yurasek, Mary Beth Miller, James G Murphy, Meghan E McDevitt-Murphy, Matthew P Martens, Monica G Darcy, Kate B Carey
Many returning OIF/OEF/OND Veterans are seeking higher education in an effort to develop a meaningful career and financial stability. Evidence suggests that student service members/veterans (SSM/Vs) are experiencing less academic success than other students. The purpose of this review is to identify the unique challenges of SSM/Vs and evaluate current campus efforts to facilitate their retention and academic performance. With a focus on SSM/Vs attending colleges and universities, we obtained 57 peer-reviewed and 73 gray literature records published between 2001 and 2015...
2017: American Journal of Orthopsychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28206803/mental-health-treatment-utilization-in-oif-oef-national-guard-and-reserve-troops-with-and-without-dsm-diagnoses
#12
Jennifer M Primack, Brian Borsari, Madeline B Benz, Madhavi K Reddy, M Tracie Shea
Military service members have an increased risk of developing mental health (MH) problems following deployment to Iraq or Afghanistan, yet only a small percentage seek mental health treatment. The aim of the present study was to explore patterns of MH service utilization within the first 12 months following return from combat deployment. Participants were 169 service members who had returned from war-zone deployment in either Iraq or Afghanistan and had assessments covering a 12-month period following their homecoming...
2017: American Journal of Orthopsychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28206800/perspectives-of-veterans-with-mild-traumatic-brain-injury-on-community-reintegration-making-sense-of-unplanned-separation-from-service
#13
Alexander V Libin, Manon Maitland Schladen, Ellen Danford, Samantha Cichon, Dwan Bruner, Joel Scholten, Maria Llorente, Slavomir Zapata, Alexander W Dromerick, Marc R Blackman, Kathryn M Magruder
For veterans separated from the military as a result of acquired mild traumatic brain injury (mTBI), the transition from a military identity to a civilian one is complicated by health, cognitive, and psychosocial factors. We conducted in-depth interviews with 8 veterans with mTBI to understand how they perceived the experience of departure from the military, rehabilitation services provided at a Department of Veterans Affairs (VA) Polytrauma Network Site, and reentry into civilian life. Two distinct patterns of thinking about community reintegration emerged...
2017: American Journal of Orthopsychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28206799/military-service-member-and-veteran-reintegration-a-critical-review-and-adapted-ecological-model
#14
Christine A Elnitsky, Cara L Blevins, Michael P Fisher, Kathryn Magruder
Returning military service members and veterans (MSMVs) experience a wide range of stress-related disorders in addition to social and occupational difficulties when reintegrating to the community. Facilitating reintegration of MSMVs following deployment is a societal priority. With an objective of identifying challenges and facilitators for reintegration of MSMVs of the current war era, we critically review and identify gaps in the literature. We searched 8 electronic databases and identified 1,764 articles...
2017: American Journal of Orthopsychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28206798/facilitating-reintegration-for-military-service-personnel-veterans-and-their-families-an-introduction-to-the-special-issue
#15
Christine A Elnitsky, Ryan P Kilmer
As service members return from active duty and, in some cases, exit the military, they face a process of reintegration (also referred to as community reintegration) as they seek to resume participation in their life roles as civilians. Facilitating this dynamic process of reintegration for service members, veterans, and their families-including outlining potential strategies for supporting this return to civilian life and its demands, roles, and responsibilities-is the focus of this Special Issue. Reintegration has been framed as a national priority (U...
2017: American Journal of Orthopsychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28206783/initial-validation-of-the-self-directed-violence-picture-system-sdvps
#16
Sarra Nazem, Jeri E Forster, Lisa A Brenner
A better understanding of factors that differentiate those who only experience suicidal ideation from those who engage in self-directed violence (SDV) is critical for suicide prevention efforts (Klonsky & May, 2014; May & Klonsky, 2016). To identify who is at greatest risk for death by suicide, it is imperative that new innovative assessment tools be created to facilitate behavioral measurement of key constructs associated with increased risk for SDV. The aim of the current study was to develop and validate a set of suicide-specific images, called the Self-Directed Violence Picture System (SDVPS), to help meet this need...
February 16, 2017: Psychological Assessment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28206776/military-children-s-difficulty-with-reintegration-after-deployment-a-relational-turbulence-model-perspective
#17
Leanne K Knobloch, Lynne M Knobloch-Fedders, Jeremy B Yorgason, Aaron T Ebata, Patricia C McGlaughlin
This study drew on the relational turbulence model to investigate how the interpersonal dynamics of military couples predict parents' reports of the reintegration difficulty of military children upon homecoming after deployment. Longitudinal data were collected from 118 military couples once per month for 3 consecutive months after reunion. Military couples reported on their depressive symptoms, characteristics of their romantic relationship, and the reintegration difficulty of their oldest child. Results of dyadic growth curve models indicated that the mean levels of parents' depressive symptoms (H1), relationship uncertainty (H2), and interference from a partner (H3) were positively associated with parents' reports of military children's reintegration difficulty...
February 16, 2017: Journal of Family Psychology: JFP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28204750/smoking-status-and-physical-fitness-during-initial-military-training
#18
A G Siddall, J L J Bilzon, D Thompson, J Greeves, R Izard, K A Stokes
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 15, 2017: Occupational Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28203423/clinical-analysis-of-eight-patients-with-blunt-main-stem-bronchial-injuries
#19
Jie Lei, Jinbo Zhao, Feng Tian, Xiaoping Wang, Yongan Zhou, Xiaofei Li, Jian Wang
BACKGROUND: Blunt main stem bronchial injuries are rare but potentially life-threatening injuries in clinical. The aim of this study was to sum up the experience on diagnosis and treatment of blunt main stem bronchial injuries. METHODS: This report retrospective1y analyzed eight cases of main stem bronchial injuries induced by blunt chest trauma between 2013 and 2016 in Tangdu Hospital, Fourth Military Medical University. RESULTS: There were eight patients, including four men and four women...
January 2017: Journal of Thoracic Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28201955/the-prevalence-of-metabolic-syndrome-and-different-obesity-phenotype-in-iranian-male-military-personnel
#20
Moloud Payab, Shirin Hasani-Ranjbar, Yaser Merati, Alireza Esteghamati, Mostafa Qorbani, Mahboobeh Hematabadi, Hoda Rashidian, Nooshin Shirzad
Obesity, especially when concentrated in the abdominal area, is often associated with the presence of metabolic syndrome. Stress, particularly occupational stress, is one of the most important factors contributing to the increased prevalence of metabolic syndrome components among different populations. This study aimed to investigate the prevalence of overweight and obesity as well as the criteria for metabolic syndrome and its risk factors and different obesity phenotype in a population of military personnel aged 20 to 65 years...
March 2017: American Journal of Men's Health
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