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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29786583/incidence-and-risk-factors-of-spina-bifida-in-children
#1
Mariana O Ryznychuk, Mariana I Kryvchanska, Irina V Lastivka, Roman Ye Bulyk
OBJECTIVE: Introduction: The pathogenesis of spina bifida depends on time, region, race and ethnicity. It is found in 4.7 per 10.000 of live born children worldwide. The aim: The incidence in children of Northern Bukovina was analyzed. The spina bifida incidence for 2007-2016 in this region, as well as, compared to some countries according to EUROCAT data was studied. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Materials and methods: A retrospective study to analyze the risk factors for spina bifida was carried out...
2018: Wiadomości Lekarskie: Organ Polskiego Towarzystwa Lekarskiego
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29786495/occupational-moral-injury-and-mental-health-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#2
Victoria Williamson, Sharon A M Stevelink, Neil Greenberg
BACKGROUND: Many people confront potentially morally injurious experiences (PMIEs) in the course of their work which can violate deeply held moral values or beliefs, putting them at risk for psychological difficulties (e.g. post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD), depression, etc.).AimsWe aimed to assess the effect of moral injury on mental health outcomes. METHOD: We conducted a systematic review and meta-analysis to assess the association between work-related PMIEs and mental health disorders...
June 2018: British Journal of Psychiatry: the Journal of Mental Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29786423/electrochemical-determination-of-tnt-dnt-rdx-and-hmx-with-gold-nanoparticles-poly-carbazole-aniline-film-modified-glassy-carbon-sensor-electrodes-imprinted-for-molecular-recognition-of-nitroaromatics-and-nitramines
#3
Şener Sağlam, Ayşem Üzer, Erol Erçağ, Reşat Apak
Since nitroaromatic and nitramine type energetic materials, mostly arising from military activities, are persistent pollutants in soil and groundwater, on-site sensing of these hazardous chemicals has gained importance. A novel electrochemical sensor was designed for detecting nitroaromatic and nitramine type energetic materials, relying on gold nanoparticles (Aunano ) -modified glassy carbon (GC) electrode coated with nitro-energetic memory poly(carbazole-aniline) copolymer (Cz- co-ANI) film (e.g., TNT memory-GC/P(Cz- co-ANI)-Aunano modified electrode)...
May 22, 2018: Analytical Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29785975/utility-of-otoacoustic-emissions-and-olivocochlear-reflex-in-predicting-vulnerability-to-noise-induced-inner-ear-damage
#4
Sarantis Blioskas, Miltiadis Tsalighopoulos, George Psillas, Konstantinos Markou
Aim: The aim of the present study was to explore the possible utility of otoacoustic emissions (OAEs) and efferent system strength to determine vulnerability to noise exposure in a clinical setting. Materials and Methods: The study group comprised 344 volunteers who had just begun mandatory basic training as Hellenic Corps Officers Military Academy cadets. Pure-tone audiograms were obtained on both ears. Participants were also subjected to diagnostic transient-evoked otoacoustic emissions (TEOAEs)...
May 2018: Noise & Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29785065/relation-between-coping-and-posttrauma-cognitions-on-ptsd-in-a-combat-trauma-population
#5
Christina M Sheerin, Nadia Chowdhury, Mackenzie J Lind, Erin D Kurtz, Lance M Rappaport, Erin C Berenz, Ruth C Brown, Treven Pickett, Scott D McDonald, Carla Kmett Danielson, Ananda B Amstadter
Individual differences in cognitive processes and coping behaviors play a role in the development and maintenance of posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD). Given the large numbers of combat-exposed service members returning from the Operation Enduring Freedom (OEF), Operation Iraqi Freedom (OIF), and Operation New Dawn (OND) conflicts, exploring individual differences in cognitive-affective processes is important for informing our understanding of PTSD etiology and early intervention in military samples. The present study examined the unique main and interactive effects of negative posttrauma cognitions (i...
2018: Military Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29784805/direct-evidence-of-a-large-northern-european-roman-period-martial-event-and-post-battle-corpse-manipulation
#6
Mads Kähler Holst, Jan Heinemeier, Ejvind Hertz, Peter Jensen, Mette Løvschal, Lene Mollerup, Bent Vad Odgaard, Jesper Olsen, Niels Emil Søe, Søren Munch Kristiansen
New archaeological excavations at Alken Enge, Jutland, Denmark, have revealed a comprehensive assemblage of disarticulated human remains within a 75-ha wetland area. A minimum of 82 individuals have been uncovered. Based on the distribution, the total population is estimated to be greater than 380 individuals, exclusively male and predominantly adult. The chronological radiocarbon evidence of the human bones indicates that they belong to a single, large event in the early first century AD. The bones show a high frequency of unhealed trauma from sharp-edged weapons, which, together with finds of military equipment, suggests that the find is of martial character...
May 21, 2018: Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29784655/lessons-identified-from-the-2017-manchester-and-london-terrorism-incidents-part-3-the-postincident-and-recovery-phase
#7
REVIEW
Paul Hunt
This is the third paper in a three-part series detailing the lessons identified during the National Health Service (NHS) England clinical debrief meetings which followed the response to the 2017 Manchester and London terrorist incidents. It covers the postincident and recovery phases including rehabilitation, bereavement support, psychological support, network and regional lessons, NHS communications and supply organisations. It also summarises the military application of these lessons and outlines the next steps for further development...
May 21, 2018: Journal of the Royal Army Medical Corps
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29783686/routing-protocols-for-underwater-wireless-sensor-networks-taxonomy-research-challenges-routing-strategies-and-future-directions
#8
Anwar Khan, Ihsan Ali, Abdullah Ghani, Nawsher Khan, Mohammed Alsaqer, Atiq Ur Rahman, Hasan Mahmood
Recent research in underwater wireless sensor networks (UWSNs) has gained the attention of researchers in academia and industry for a number of applications. They include disaster and earthquake prediction, water quality and environment monitoring, leakage and mine detection, military surveillance and underwater navigation. However, the aquatic medium is associated with a number of limitations and challenges: long multipath delay, high interference and noise, harsh environment, low bandwidth and limited battery life of the sensor nodes...
May 18, 2018: Sensors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29783077/effects-of-prolonged-exposure-and-virtual-reality-exposure-on-suicidal-ideation-in-active-duty-soldiers-an-examination-of-potential-mechanisms
#9
REVIEW
Aaron M Norr, Derek J Smolenski, Greg M Reger
OBJECTIVE: The current study sought to investigate the effects of exposure therapy on suicidal ideation (SI), as well as potential mechanistic pathways of SI reduction among active duty military personnel. METHODS: Active duty army soldiers (N = 162) were recruited from a military base in the U.S. and were enrolled in a randomized clinical trial comparing Prolonged Exposure (PE), Virtual Reality Exposure (VRE), and a wait-list control for the treatment of posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) stemming from deployments to Iraq or Afghanistan...
May 12, 2018: Journal of Psychiatric Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29781896/burnout-among-us-military-behavioral-health-providers
#10
Shaun Stearns, Kotaro Shoji, Charles C Benight
The present study investigated the prevalence of burnout among US military behavioral health providers (BHPs) and tested a mechanism of developing burnout in a job demands-resources model. Surveys were sent to BHPs working with US military populations globally (T1). Six months after, surveys were collected again at T2. In total, 271 providers completed T1, and 116 completed T2. The job demands-resources model showed that T1 burnout self-efficacy and support predicted T2 burnout and work engagement. T1 job demands predicted T2 burnout...
May 17, 2018: Journal of Nervous and Mental Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29781656/veterans-experiences-initiating-va-based-mental-health-care
#11
Michelle J Bovin, Christopher J Miller, Christopher J Koenig, Jessica M Lipschitz, Kara A Zamora, Patricia B Wright, Jeffrey M Pyne, James F Burgess
Military veterans who could benefit from mental health services often do not access them. Research has revealed a range of barriers associated with initiating United States Department of Veterans Affairs (VA) care, including those specific to accessing mental health care (e.g., fear of stigmatization). More work is needed to streamline access to VA mental health-care services for veterans. In the current study, we interviewed 80 veterans from 9 clinics across the United States about initiation of VA mental health care to identify barriers to access...
May 21, 2018: Psychological Services
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29780495/examining-the-chemical-and-structural-properties-that-influence-the-sensitivity-of-energetic-nitrate-esters
#12
Virginia W Manner, Marc J Cawkwell, Edward M Kober, Thomas W Myers, Geoff W Brown, Hongzhao Tian, Christopher J Snyder, Romain Perriot, Daniel N Preston
The sensitivity of explosives is controlled by factors that span from intrinsic chemical reactivity and chemical intramolecular effects to mesoscale structure and defects, and has been a topic of extensive study for over 50 years. Due to these complex competing chemical and physical elements, a unifying relationship between molecular framework, crystal structure, and sensitivity has yet to be developed. In order to move towards this goal, ideally experimental studies should be performed on systems with small, systematic structural modifications, with modeling utilized to interpret experimental results...
April 21, 2018: Chemical Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29780177/the-challenges-of-pfas-remediation
#13
Ramona Darlington, Edwin Barth, John McKernan
Many military bases and their surrounding communities are impacted by contamination with per- and polyfluoroalkyl substances (PFAS) from Aqueous Film-Forming Foams (AFFFs). Soil sorption technologies provide a promising solution to immobilize PFAS in the soil and prevent groundwater and drinking water contamination. This article is the result of a collaborative effort between Battelle and the U.S. EPA's review of the most promising technologies.
January 1, 2018: The Military engineer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29779198/redeveloping-substance-abuse-treatment-for-military-personnel
#14
REVIEW
Christian Schrader, Antoinette Lenton, Peter Gertonson, Alexander Rahimi
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: We review the prevailing evidence surrounding treatment of substance use disorder (SUD), with specific focus on alcohol, tobacco, and prescription opiates, and how it informs guidelines for treating active duty military. We survey the evidence regarding preventive screening, treatment, and relapse prevention in substance misuse as it pertains to patient-centered care of the service member. RECENT FINDINGS: Holistic, patient-centered care with an emphasis on identifying maladaptive use or dependence prior to progression to chronic disease is now recognized as the evidenced approach to treating substance use disorders...
May 19, 2018: Current Psychiatry Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29778310/a-method-for-developing-organisation-wide-manual-handling-based-physical-employment-standards-in-a-military-context
#15
REVIEW
Greg L Carstairs, Daniel J Ham, Robert J Savage, Stuart A Best, Ben Beck, Daniel C Billing
The benefit of job-related employment standards in physically demanding occupations are well known. A number of methodological frameworks have been established to guide the development of physical employment standards for single job functions. In the case of an organisation comprised of multiple and diverse employment specialisations, such as the Australian Army, it is impractical to develop unique employment standards for each occupation. OBJECTIVES: To present an approach to organisational level physical employment standards development that seeks to retain occupationally specific task characteristics by applying a movement cluster approach...
March 2, 2018: Journal of Science and Medicine in Sport
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29777967/rates-and-correlates-of-disordered-eating-among-women-veterans-in-primary-care
#16
Laura J Buchholz, Paul R King, Laura O Wray
Rates of disordered eating may be higher among women veterans than civilians, and are associated with co-occurring mental health (MH) conditions, such as depression, post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD), and alcohol misuse. Although evidence suggests that these conditions are common in primary care settings, limited research has examined symptoms of disordered eating among women veterans in primary care. This study used a cross-sectional design to examine rates and MH correlates of disordered eating among women veterans treated in a primary care setting...
May 16, 2018: Eating Behaviors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29777733/food-allergy-guidance-in-the-united-states-military-a-work-group-report-from-the-aaaai-military-allergy-and-immunology-assembly-maia
#17
Kirk Waibel, Rachel Lee, Christopher Coop, Yun Mendoza, Kevin White
A diagnosis of food allergy adversely impacts one's ability to join or remain in the military. Inadequate knowledge or misconceptions of current military-specific standards regarding food allergy and how these apply to enlistment, induction, and retention in the United States military can potentially lead to inaccurate counseling as each military service has specific regulations which impact the evaluation and decision-making process. Recognizing this knowledge gap, the American Allergy, Asthma, and Immunology (AAAAI) Military Allergy and Immunology Assembly (MAIA) established a Work Group who reviewed and summarized all aspects of military instructions, policies, and regulations regarding IgE mediated food allergy...
May 16, 2018: Journal of Allergy and Clinical Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29774866/femoral-neck-stress-fracture-in-a-young-female-recruit-case-report
#18
Hélder Fonte, Ricardo Rodrigues-Pinto
INTRODUCTION: Femoral neck stress fractures are uncommon and depending on their location, can be at high risk for non-union and significant morbidity.  Their prevalence is higher among runners and military recruits, and women seem to be at higher risk. METHODS: A 27-year-old female, who was enrolled in military recruit, reported left side groin pain after a strenuous running exercise. Due to persistent pain an X-Ray was ordered, which revealed no signs of acute lesions...
2018: SICOT-J
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29773529/development-of-a-just-in-time-adaptive-mhealth-intervention-for-insomnia-usability-study
#19
I Wayan Pulantara, Bambang Parmanto, Anne Germain
BACKGROUND: Healthy sleep is a fundamental component of physical and brain health. Insomnia, however, is a prevalent sleep disorder that compromises functioning, productivity, and health. Therefore, developing efficient treatment delivery methods for insomnia can have significant societal and personal health impacts. Cognitive behavioral therapy for insomnia (CBTI) is the recommended first-line treatment of insomnia but access is currently limited for patients, since treatment must occur in specialty sleep clinics, which suffer from an insufficient number of trained clinicians...
May 17, 2018: JMIR Human Factors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29773146/posttraumatic-growth-moderates-the-effect-of-posttraumatic-stress-on-quality-of-life-in-u-s-military-veterans-with-life-threatening-illness-or-injury
#20
Erin Martz, Hanoch Livneh, Steven M Southwick, Robert H Pietrzak
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 2018: Journal of Psychosomatic Research
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