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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28813761/epidemiologic-study-of-bacteria-zoonotic-diseases-in-south-dakota-2010-2014
#1
Jessica L Ludvik, Susan M Anderson, Mark K Huntington
BACKGROUND: Although the burden of infectious diseases has decreased dramatically due to advances in health care, disease prevention and numerous public health efforts and innovations, zoonotic diseases continue to pose a problem in terms of both existing and emerging diseases. These risks are of particular concern in rural areas, in which there is more contact with animals for occupational and recreational purposes. As a rural and agricultural state, South Dakota has a large percentage of its population at risk of exposure to zoonotic diseases through their substantial contact time with animals...
June 2017: South Dakota Medicine: the Journal of the South Dakota State Medical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28813514/the-helicobacter-pylori-type-iv-secretion-system-promotes-il-8-synthesis-in-a-model-of-pediatric-airway-epithelium-via-p38-map-kinase
#2
Myra G Dela Pena-Ponce, Monica T Jimenez, Lori M Hansen, Jay V Solnick, Lisa A Miller
Epidemiologic studies have reported an inverse relationship between childhood Helicobacter pylori infection and development of allergic asthma. Because lung epithelium plays an important role in allergic asthma pathogenesis, we hypothesized that H. pylori may directly influence airway epithelial cell innate immune function, particularly in early childhood. To test our hypothesis, we established an in vitro H. pylori infection model using primary tracheobronchial epithelial cell cultures derived from infant, juvenile and adult rhesus monkeys...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28813461/epidemiology-of-clostridium-difficile-in-infants-in-oxfordshire-uk-risk-factors-for-colonization-and-carriage-and-genetic-overlap-with-regional-c-difficile-infection-strains
#3
Nicole Stoesser, David W Eyre, T Phuong Quan, Heather Godwin, Gemma Pill, Emily Mbuvi, Alison Vaughan, David Griffiths, Jessica Martin, Warren Fawley, Kate E Dingle, Sarah Oakley, Kazimierz Wanelik, John M Finney, Melina Kachrimanidou, Catrin E Moore, Sherwood Gorbach, Thomas V Riley, Derrick W Crook, Tim E A Peto, Mark H Wilcox, A Sarah Walker
BACKGROUND: Approximately 30-40% of children <1 year of age are Clostridium difficile colonized, and may represent a reservoir for adult C. difficile infections (CDI). Risk factors for colonization with toxigenic versus non-toxigenic C. difficile strains and longitudinal acquisition dynamics in infants remain incompletely characterized. METHODS: Predominantly healthy infants (≤2 years) were recruited in Oxfordshire, UK, and provided ≥1 fecal samples. Independent risk factors for toxigenic/non-toxigenic C...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28813443/monitoring-of-schmallenberg-virus-in-spanish-wild-artiodactyls-2006-2015
#4
Ignacio García-Bocanegra, David Cano-Terriza, Gema Vidal, Rosa Rosell, Jorge Paniagua, Saúl Jiménez-Ruiz, Carlos Expósito, Antonio Rivero-Juarez, Antonio Arenas, Joan Pujols
Schmallenberg disease is an emerging disease that affects domestic and wild ruminants in Europe. An epidemiological survey was carried out to assess exposure to Schmallenberg virus (SBV) in wild artiodactyls in Spain between 2006 and 2015. A total of 1751 sera from wild artiodactyls, including 1066 red deer, 304 fallow deer, 192 mouflon, 109 wild boar, 49 roe deer and 31 Spanish ibex were tested for antibodies against SBV by ELISA and confirmed by virus neutralization test. SBV was not detected between the 2006/2007 and the 2010/2011 hunting seasons...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28812040/effect-of-changes-in-artificial-turf-on-sports-injuries-in-male-university-soccer-players
#5
Kohei Fujitaka, Akira Taniguchi, Tsukasa Kumai, Shingo Otuki, Mamoru Okubo, Yasuhito Tanaka
BACKGROUND: Studies comparing the types and severity of trauma and injuries caused by different types of field surfaces have been conducted. However, there have been no studies on sports injuries caused by temporal deterioration of long-pile artificial turf fields and related decreases in the rubber chip and silica sand infill. PURPOSE: To investigate the influence of an artificial turf field on sports injuries in a university soccer team. STUDY DESIGN: Descriptive epidemiological study...
August 2017: Orthopaedic Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28812036/incidence-of-sports-related-concussion-among-ncaa-women-s-ice-hockey-athletes
#6
Emily M Brook, Emily Kroshus, Caroline H Hu, Marissa Gedman, Jamie E Collins, Elizabeth G Matzkin
BACKGROUND: There are limited data on the incidence of concussion and concussion symptom nondisclosure among collegiate women's ice hockey athletes. PURPOSE: To determine the incidence of sports-related concussion (SRC) in National Collegiate Athletic Association (NCAA) women's ice hockey athletes. STUDY DESIGN: Descriptive epidemiology study. METHODS: An anonymous online survey was completed by 459 NCAA women's ice hockey athletes...
July 2017: Orthopaedic Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28812033/epidemiology-of-injuries-identified-at-the-nfl-scouting-combine-and-their-impact-on-performance-in-the-national-football-league-evaluation-of-2203-athletes-from-2009-to-2015
#7
Brendin R Beaulieu-Jones, William H Rossy, George Sanchez, James M Whalen, Kyle P Lavery, Kevin J McHale, Bryan G Vopat, Joseph J Van Allen, Ramesses A Akamefula, Matthew T Provencher
BACKGROUND: At the annual National Football League (NFL) Scouting Combine, the medical staff of each NFL franchise performs a comprehensive medical evaluation of all athletes potentially entering the NFL. Currently, little is known regarding the overall epidemiology of injuries identified at the combine and their impact on NFL performance. PURPOSE: To determine the epidemiology of injuries identified at the combine and their impact on initial NFL performance. STUDY DESIGN: Cohort study; Level of evidence, 3...
July 2017: Orthopaedic Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28811995/agreement-between-gamma-passing-rates-using-computed-tomography-in-radiotherapy-and-secondary-cancer-risk-prediction-from-more-advanced-dose-calculated-models
#8
Abdulhamid Chaikh, Jacques Balosso
BACKGROUND: During the past decades, in radiotherapy, the dose distributions were calculated using density correction methods with pencil beam as type 'a' algorithm. The objectives of this study are to assess and evaluate the impact of dose distribution shift on the predicted secondary cancer risk (SCR), using modern advanced dose calculation algorithms, point kernel, as type 'b', which consider change in lateral electrons transport. METHODS: Clinical examples of pediatric cranio-spinal irradiation patients were evaluated...
June 2017: Quantitative Imaging in Medicine and Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28811994/the-measurement-of-liver-fat-from-single-energy-quantitative-computed-tomography-scans
#9
Xiaoguang Cheng, Glen M Blake, J Keenan Brown, Zhe Guo, Jun Zhou, Fengzhe Wang, Liqiang Yang, Xiaohong Wang, Li Xu
BACKGROUND: Studies of soft tissue composition using computed tomography (CT) scans are often semi-quantitative and based on Hounsfield units (HU) measurements that have not been calibrated with a quantitative CT (QCT) phantom. We describe a study to establish the water (H2O) and dipotassium hydrogen phosphate (K2HPO4) basis set equivalent densities of fat and fat-free liver tissue. With this information liver fat can be accurately measured from any abdominal CT scan calibrated with a suitable phantom...
June 2017: Quantitative Imaging in Medicine and Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28811952/divorce-and-severity-of-coronary-artery-disease-a-multicenter-study
#10
Amin Daoulah, Mushabab Al-Murayeh, Salem Al-Kaabi, Amir Lotfi, Osama E Elkhateeb, Salem M Al-Faifi, Saleh Alqahtani, James Stewart, Jon Heavey, William T Hurley, Mohamed N Alama, Mazen Faden, Mohamed Al-Shehri, Ali Youssef, Alawi A Alsheikh-Ali
The association between marital status and coronary artery disease (CAD) is supported by numerous epidemiological studies. While divorce may have an adverse effect on cardiac outcomes, the relationship between divorce and severe CAD is unclear. We conducted a multicenter, observational study of consecutive patients undergoing coronary angiography during the period between April 1, 2013, and March 30, 2014. Of 1,068 patients, 124 (12%) were divorced. Divorce was more frequent among women (27%) compared to men (6%)...
2017: Cardiology Research and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28811862/allergic-profiles-of-mothers-and-fathers-in-the-japan-environment-and-children-s-study-jecs-a-nationwide-birth-cohort-study
#11
Kiwako Yamamoto-Hanada, Limin Yang, Kazue Ishitsuka, Tadayuki Ayabe, Hidetoshi Mezawa, Mizuho Konishi, Testsuo Shoda, Kenji Matsumoto, Hirohisa Saito, Yukihiro Ohya
BACKGROUND: The Japan Environment and Children's Study (JECS) is a nationwide, multicenter, prospective birth cohort investigation launched by the Ministry of Environment in Japan. The purpose of the JECS is to evaluate the influence of prenatal and postnatal exposures to environmental factors on the postnatal health of the children. In this study, we evaluated the allergic characteristics of parents within the JECS cohort. METHODS: This study covered a wide geographical area and encompassed 15 regional centers...
2017: World Allergy Organization Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28811851/epidemiology-of-infective-endocarditis-in-rural-upstate-new-york-2011-2016
#12
Saeeda Fatima, Benajmin Dao, Ayesha Jameel, Konika Sharma, David Strogatz, Melissa Scribani, Harish Raj Seetha Rammohan
BACKGROUND: The epidemiology of infective endocarditis (IE) depends on a number of host factors whose prevalence can vary globally. The usual patient population affected by IE is sicker and older, often with many comorbid conditions. The risk is growing in younger populations due to the emerging epidemic of intravenous (IV) drug use. We have performed a temporal trend analysis of various factors of IE in the rural counties covering a major part of central Upstate New York. METHODS: We performed a retrospective analysis of electronic medical records of patients who were admitted in a tertiary care hospital in rural Upstate New York and diagnosed with IE from January 1, 2011 to December 31, 2016...
September 2017: Journal of Clinical Medicine Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28811268/antecedent-adhd-dementia-and-metabolic-dysregulation-a-u-s-based-cohort-analysis
#13
Keith Fluegge, Kyle Fluegge
INTRODUCTION: Epidemiological and genetic studies have reported a link between antecedent ADHD and dementia. The underpinning mechanisms of these associations are not known and have generated considerable speculation. METHODS: We have extracted hospitalization discharge data on dementia and ADHD (representing a severe phenotype) from the Healthcare Cost and Utilization Project (HCUPnet) and utilized a Poisson regression with two-ways fixed effects to investigate this association...
August 12, 2017: Neurochemistry International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28811093/risk-factors-for-infective-endocarditis-in-children-with-congenital-heart-diseases-a-nationwide-population-based-case-control-study
#14
Li-Chuan Sun, Chih-Cheng Lai, Cheng-Yi Wang, Ya-Hui Wang, Jen-Yu Wang, Yo-Ling Hsu, Yin-Lan Hu, En-Ting Wu, Ming-Tai Lin, Leticia B Sy, Likwang Chen
BACKGROUND: Infective endocarditis (IE) is uncommon in childhood. Its associated epidemiological characteristics in patients with congenital heart disease (CHD) remain unclear. METHODS: The study population included children born in Taiwan during the years 1997 to 2005 who were diagnosed as having CHD before 3years of age. All children were followed up until the end year of 2010, the diagnosis of infective endocarditis, or death. The demographic characteristics of patients with and without IE, the invasive procedures performed during 6months before the index date, the prophylactic antibiotics related to dental procedures, and in-hospital mortality were collected...
August 12, 2017: International Journal of Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28810607/effects-of-low-dose-of-ethanol-on-the-senescence-score-brain-function-and-gene-expression-in-senescence-accelerated-mice-8-samp8
#15
Akiko Kimoto, Hanae Izu, Churan Fu, Sofya Suidasari, Norihisa Kato
Accumulating epidemiological evidence suggests light to moderate alcohol intake reduces risk of several chronic diseases. However, there is limited information regarding the effects of low alcohol intake in animal studies. This study investigated the effect of low ethanol dosage on senescence-accelerated mouse (SAMP8), an animal model of aging and neurodegenaration. Male SAMP8 mice (11 weeks old) had free access to a commercial stock diet with drinking water containing 0, 1 or 2% (v/v) ethanol for 15 weeks...
August 2017: Experimental and Therapeutic Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28810312/-analysis-of-infection-and-drug-resistance-in-6-107-cases-of-extrapulmonary-tuberculosis-in-chengdu-area
#16
D M Wang, Q F Li, M Zhu, Y H Xu, J Luo, Y J Li, J Zhong, Z J Wu
Objective: To analyze the infection and drug resistance of extrapulmonary tuberculosis, in order to provide useful references for prevention and treatment of tuberculosis (TB). Methods: A total of 6 107 suspected cases of extrapulmonary tuberculosis, including lymph node, pleural, peritoneal, meningeal, urinary tract, and bone tuberculosis, were collected retrospectively from January 2013 to December 2015 in Public Health Clinical Center of Chengdu. There were 4 033 male and 2 074 female patients, and the average age was 37 years...
August 12, 2017: Chinese Journal of Tuberculosis and Respiratory Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28810246/gper-agonist-g1-attenuates-neuroinflammation-and-dopaminergic-neurodegeneration-in-parkinson-disease
#17
Jing Guan, Beibei Yang, Yi Fan, Ji Zhang
OBJECTIVE: Epidemiological studies have shown that women of reproductive age have much less possibility of developing Parkinson disease (PD) than men. The beneficial effect of estrogen also has been well-described in both culture and animal models of PD. G protein-coupled estrogen receptor (GPER) is a membrane-associated estrogen receptor, and displayed a neuroprotective role in a mouse model of PD. Since GPER is highly expressed in microglia, we speculate that GPER mediates the neuroprotective function of estradiol through suppressing the neuroinflammation of PD...
August 16, 2017: Neuroimmunomodulation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28810241/molecular-epidemiology-of-charcot-marie-tooth-disease-in-northern-ostrobothnia-finland-a-population-based-study
#18
Maria Marttila, Laura Kytövuori, Seppo Helisalmi, Mika Kallio, Marjo Laitinen, Mikko Hiltunen, Mikko Kärppä, Kari Majamaa
BACKGROUND: Charcot-Marie-Tooth (CMT) disease is the most common hereditary neuromuscular disorder with a population prevalence of 9.7-82.3/100,000. In this study, we have estimated the prevalence of CMT and its subtypes in Finland and examined the frequency of molecular etiologies. METHODS: A population-based survey included adult patients with peripheral neuropathy from the province of Northern Ostrobothnia, Finland. Secondary causes of peripheral polyneuropathy were excluded and patients with clinical and neurophysiological features pertinent with CMT were included...
August 16, 2017: Neuroepidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28810201/the-association-between-non-hodgkin-lymphoma-and-organophosphate-pesticides-exposure-a-meta-analysis
#19
REVIEW
Liqin Hu, Dan Luo, Tingting Zhou, Yun Tao, Jingwen Feng, Surong Mei
Several epidemiological studies show the association between organophosphate pesticides (OPs) and the risk of non-Hodgkin lymphoma (NHL), yet various research results remain controversial. To explore the hazard of OPs exposure to human health, three kinds of OPs (Terbufos, Malathion, and Diazinon) that are non-halogenated aliphatic compounds were included in the meta-analysis. We searched PubMed and Web of Science Databases for articles published from 1985 to February 2017. The databases were also searched for eligible studies through a manual references search...
August 12, 2017: Environmental Pollution
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28810198/phthalate-metabolites-related-to-infertile-biomarkers-and-infertility-in-chinese-men
#20
Liangpo Liu, Heng Wang, Meiping Tian, Jie Zhang, Parinya Panuwet, Priya Esilda D'Souza, Dana Boyd Barr, Qingyu Huang, Yankai Xia, Heqing Shen
Although in vitro and in vivo laboratory studies have demonstrated androgen and anti-androgen effects on male reproduction from phthalate exposures, human studies still remain inconsistent. Therefore, a case-control study (n = 289) was conducted to evaluate the associations between phthalate exposures, male infertility risks, and changes in metabolomic biomarkers. Regional participants consisted of fertile (n = 150) and infertile (n = 139) males were recruited from Nanjing Medical University' affiliated hospitals...
August 12, 2017: Environmental Pollution
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