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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28916581/optimising-impact-and-sustainability-a-qualitative-process-evaluation-of-a-complex-intervention-targeted-at-compassionate-care
#1
Jackie Bridges, Carl May, Alison Fuller, Peter Griffiths, Wendy Wigley, Lisa Gould, Hannah Barker, Paula Libberton
BACKGROUND: Despite concerns about the degree of compassion in contemporary healthcare, there is a dearth of evidence for health service managers about how to promote compassionate healthcare. This paper reports on the implementation of the Creating Learning Environments for Compassionate Care (CLECC) intervention by four hospital ward nursing teams. CLECC is a workplace educational intervention focused on developing sustainable leadership and work-team practices designed to support team relational capacity and compassionate care delivery...
September 15, 2017: BMJ Quality & Safety
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28916452/symbolic-dynamics-of-animal-interaction
#2
Maurizio Porfiri, Manuel Ruiz Marín
Since its introduction nearly two decades ago, transfer entropy has contributed to an improved understanding of cause-and-effect relationships in coupled dynamical systems from raw time series. In the context of animal behavior, transfer entropy might help explain the determinants of leadership in social groups and elucidate escape response to predator attacks. Despite its promise, the potential of transfer entropy in animal behavior is yet to be fully tested, and a number of technical challenges in information theory and statistics remain open...
September 12, 2017: Journal of Theoretical Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28910335/medical-leaders-or-masters-a-systematic-review-of-medical-leadership-in-hospital-settings
#3
Mathilde A Berghout, Isabelle N Fabbricotti, Martina Buljac-Samardžić, Carina G J M Hilders
Medical leadership is increasingly considered as crucial for improving the quality of care and the sustainability of healthcare. However, conceptual clarity is lacking in the literature and in practice. Therefore, a systematic review of the scientific literature was conducted to reveal the different conceptualizations of medical leadership in terms of definitions, roles and activities, and personal-and context-specific features. Eight databases were systematically searched for eligible studies, including empirical studies published in peer-reviewed journals that included physicians carrying out a manager or leadership role in a hospital setting...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28903723/domains-associated-with-successful-quality-improvement-in-healthcare-a-nationwide-case-study
#4
Aleidis Skard Brandrud, Bjørnar Nyen, Per Hjortdahl, Leiv Sandvik, Gro Sævil Helljesen Haldorsen, Maria Bergli, Eugene C Nelson, Michael Bretthauer
BACKGROUND: There is a distinct difference between what we know and what we do in healthcare: a gap that is impairing the quality of the care and increasing the costs. Quality improvement efforts have been made worldwide by learning collaboratives, based on recognized continual improvement theory with limited scientific evidence. The present study of 132 quality improvement projects in Norway explores the conditions for improvement from the perspectives of the frontline healthcare professionals, and evaluates the effectiveness of the continual improvement method...
September 13, 2017: BMC Health Services Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28903679/distinctive-facial-cues-predict-leadership-rank-and-selection
#5
Daniel E Re, Nicholas Rule
Facial appearance correlates with leadership, both in terms of who is chosen (leader selection) and how they do (leader success). Leadership theories suggest that exceptional individuals acquire positions as leaders. Exceptional traits can differ between domains, however, and so the qualities valued in leaders in one occupation may not match those valued among leaders in another. To test this, we compared the relationship between facial appearance and leadership across two domains: law firms and mafia families...
September 2017: Personality & Social Psychology Bulletin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28899887/strategies-for-research-engagement-of-clinicians-in-allied-health-stretch-a-mixed-methods-research-protocol
#6
Sharon Mickan, Rachel Wenke, Kelly Weir, Andrea Bialocerkowski, Christy Noble
INTRODUCTION: Allied health professionals (AHPs) report positive attitudes to using research evidence in clinical practice, yet often lack time, confidence and skills to use, participate in and conduct research. A range of multifaceted strategies including education, mentoring and guidance have been implemented to increase AHPs' use of and participation in research. Emerging evidence suggests that knowledge brokering activities have the potential to support research engagement, but it is not clear which knowledge brokering strategies are most effective and in what contexts they work best to support and maintain clinicians' research engagement...
September 11, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28898163/incorporating-interpersonal-skills-into-otolaryngology-resident-selection-and-training
#7
Yemeng Lu-Myers, Christopher G Myers
Increasing attention has been paid to the selection of otolaryngology residents, a highly competitive process but one with room for improvement. A recent commentary in this journal recommended that residency programs more thoroughly incorporate theory and evidence from personnel psychology (part of the broader field of organizational science) in the resident selection process. However, the focus of this recommendation was limited to applicants' cognitive abilities and independent work-oriented traits (eg, conscientiousness)...
September 1, 2017: Otolaryngology—Head and Neck Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28890925/on-the-road-to-becoming-a-responsible-leader-a-simulation-based-training-approach-for-final-year-medical-students
#8
Marion Schmidt-Huber, Janine Netzel, Jan Kiesewetter
Background and objective: There is a need for young physicians to take a responsible role in clinical teams, comparable to a leadership role. However, today's medical curricula barely consider the development of leadership competencies. Acquisition of leadership skills are currently a by-product of medical education, even though it seems to be a competency relevant for physicians' success. Therefore, an innovative leadership training program for young physicians was developed and validated. Training conceptualisation were based upon findings of critical incidents interviews (N=19) with relevant personnel (e...
2017: GMS Journal for Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28890352/social-cognitive-aspects-of-the-participation-in-workplace-health-promotion-as-revealed-by-the-theory-of-planned-behavior
#9
Stefan Röttger, Johanna Maier, Larissa Krex-Brinkmann, Jens T Kowalski, Annika Krick, Jörg Felfe, Michael Stein
Health-promoting efforts strongly depend on individual cognitions such as attitudes as well as social cognitive aspects of the work environment such as leadership and support. Using the theory of planned behavior (TPB) as a theoretical frame, participation behavior of employees in courses offered by the workplace health promotion (WHP) program of the German Armed Forces was investigated. Social cognitive aspects of the work environment, such as leadership behaviors by setting an example or optimizing organization of work, were included in the TPB components of subjective norm and perceived behavioral control, which allowed for an investigation of the specific effects of leadership on WHP participation...
September 8, 2017: Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28878706/does-more-respect-from-leaders-postpone-the-desire-to-retire-understanding-the-mechanisms-of-retirement-decision-making
#10
Anne M Wöhrmann, Ulrike Fasbender, Jürgen Deller
The demographic trends (i.e., low birth rates and increasing longevity) pose challenges with regard to the increase of the average employee age along with a lack of skilled personnel on the labor market. Society, organizations, and individuals are confronted with the question on how to prolong working lives in the future. Based on socioemotional selectivity theory, the purpose of this study was to investigate the relationship between respectful leadership and older workers' desired retirement age. In particular, we took a closer look at job satisfaction, subjective health, and work-to-private life conflict as underlying mechanisms...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28859687/healthcare-professionals-views-of-the-enhanced-recovery-after-surgery-programme-a-qualitative-investigation
#11
Georgia Herbert, Eileen Sutton, Sorrel Burden, Stephen Lewis, Steve Thomas, Andy Ness, Charlotte Atkinson
BACKGROUND: The Enhanced Recovery After Surgery (ERAS) programme is an approach to the perioperative care of patients which aims to improve outcomes and speed up recovery after surgery. Although the evidence base appears strong for this programme, the implementation of ERAS has been slow. This study aimed to gain an understanding of the facilitating factors and challenges of implementing the programme with a view to providing additional contextual information to aid implementation. The study had a particular focus on the nutritional elements as these have been highlighted as important...
August 31, 2017: BMC Health Services Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28856984/health-and-equity-in-all-policies-in-local-government-processes-and-outcomes-in-two-norwegian-municipalities
#12
Dina Von Heimburg, Berit Hakkebo
AIMS: To identify key factors in implementing Health and Equity in All Policies (HEiAP) at the local level in two Norwegian municipalities in order to accelerate the progress of promoting health, well-being and equity in other local governments. APPROACH: This case study is presented as a narrative from policy-making processes in two Norwegian municipalities. The story is told from an insider perspective, with a focus on HEiAP policy makers in these two municipalities...
August 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28834844/barriers-to-career-flexibility-in-academic-medicine-a-qualitative-analysis-of-reasons-for-the-underutilization-of-family-friendly-policies-and-implications-for-institutional-change-and-department-chair-leadership
#13
Kimberlee Shauman, Lydia P Howell, Debora A Paterniti, Laurel A Beckett, Amparo C Villablanca
PURPOSE: Academic medical and biomedical professionals need workplace flexibility to manage the demands of work and family roles and meet their commitments to both, but often fail to use the very programs and benefits that provide flexibility. This study investigated the reasons for faculty underutilization of work-life programs. METHOD: As part of a National Institutes of Health-funded study, in 2010 the authors investigated attitudes of clinical and/or research biomedical faculty at the University of California, Davis, toward work-life policies, and the rationale behind their individual decisions regarding use of flexibility policies...
August 22, 2017: Academic Medicine: Journal of the Association of American Medical Colleges
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28813356/athlete-leadership-a-review-of-the-theoretical-measurement-and-empirical-literature
#14
REVIEW
Todd M Loughead
Athlete leadership is defined as an athlete who occupies a formal or informal leadership role within a team and influences team members to achieve a common objective. The area of athlete leadership has been shaped by theories and measurement tools from organizational and sport coaching literatures. The present article describes the conceptual developments within athlete leadership by providing an operational definition of this construct, followed by the theories and measurement tools used to examine athlete leadership...
August 2017: Current Opinion in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28812962/book-review-leadership-theory-and-practice-leadership-theory-and-practice-2016-by-northouse-p-uk-sage-publications-inc-7th-ed-ise-p-493-%C3%A2-55-00-paperback-isbn-978-1-4833-1753-3
#15
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28799430/genesis-of-an-employee-wellness-program-at-a-large-university
#16
Lisa K Lloyd, Sylvia H Crixell, Janet R Bezner, Katherine Forester, Carolyn Swearingen
University employee wellness programs have potential to support positive changes in employee health, thereby improving productivity and mitigating the rise in health care costs. The purpose of this article is to describe a theory-driven approach to systematically planning, developing, and implementing a comprehensive university employee wellness program. Long-term program goals were to improve employee health, well-being, and productivity by focusing on decreasing sedentary behavior, increasing physical activity, improving dietary habits, and reducing stress...
August 1, 2017: Health Promotion Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28768613/medicine-goes-female-protocol-for-improving-career-options-of-females-and-working-conditions-for-researching-physicians-in-clinical-medical-research-by-organizational-transformation-and-participatory-design
#17
Joachim Hasebrook, Klaus Hahnenkamp, Wolfgang F F A Buhre, Dianne de Korte-de Boer, Ankie E W Hamaekers, Bibiana Metelmann, Camila Metelmann, Marina Bortul, Silvia Palmisano, Jannicke Mellin-Olsen, Andrius Macas, Janusz Andres, Anna Prokop-Dorner, Tomáš Vymazal, Juergen Hinkelmann, Sibyll Rodde, Bettina Pfleiderer
BACKGROUND: All European countries need to increase the number of health professionals in the near future. Most efforts have not brought the expected results so far. The current notion is that this is mainly related to the fact that female physicians will clearly outnumber their male colleagues within a few years in nearly all European countries. Still, women are underrepresented in leadership and research positions throughout Europe. OBJECTIVES: The MedGoFem project addresses multiple perspectives with the participation of multiple stakeholders...
August 2, 2017: JMIR Research Protocols
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28749160/the-unfolding-impact-of-leader-identity-entrepreneurship-on-burnout-work-engagement-and-turnover-intentions
#18
Niklas K Steffens, Jie Yang, Jolanda Jetten, S Alexander Haslam, Jukka Lipponen
The present research expands upon previous theory and empirical work concerning the leadership-health link by examining the lagged effects of leader identity entrepreneurship (i.e., leaders' creation of a sense of "we" and "us" among team members) on team members' burnout, work engagementi and turnover intentions. We report results from a 2-wave field study with employees from a large solar panel producing organization in China conducted over a 10-month period. Findings indicate that perceived leader identity entrepreneurship predicted greater subsequent work engagement among team members, as well as lower subsequent burnout and turnover intentions...
July 27, 2017: Journal of Occupational Health Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28727626/system-level-shared-governance-structures-and-processes-in-healthcare-systems-with-magnet%C3%A2-designated-hospitals-a-descriptive-study
#19
Carlisa M Underwood, Arlene N Hayne
OBJECTIVE: The purpose was to identify and describe structures and processes of best practices for system-level shared governance in healthcare systems. BACKGROUND: Currently, more than 64.6% of US community hospitals are part of a system. System chief nurse executives (SCNEs) are challenged to establish leadership structures and processes that effectively and efficiently disseminate best practices for patients and staff across complex organizations, geographically dispersed locations, and populations...
July 2017: Journal of Nursing Administration
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28714561/service-quality-and-maturity-of-health-care-organizations-through-the-lens-of-complexity-leadership-theory
#20
Ana Horvat, Jovan Filipovic
RATIONALE, AIMS AND OBJECTIVES: This research focuses on Complexity Leadership Theory and the relationship between leadership-examined through the lens of Complexity Leadership Theory-and organizational maturity as an indicator of the performance of health organizations. METHODS: The research adopts a perspective that conceptualizes organizations as complex adaptive systems and draws upon a survey of opinion of 189 managers working in Serbian health organizations...
July 17, 2017: Journal of Evaluation in Clinical Practice
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