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Leadership theory

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27881900/organizational-conspiracy-beliefs-implications-for-leadership-styles-and-employee-outcomes
#1
Jan-Willem van Prooijen, Reinout E de Vries
PURPOSE: Belief in conspiracy theories about societal events is widespread among citizens. The extent to which conspiracy beliefs about managers and supervisors matter in the micro-level setting of organizations has not yet been examined, however. We investigated if leadership styles predict conspiracy beliefs among employees in the context of organizations. Furthermore, we examined if such organizational conspiracy beliefs have implications for organizational commitment and turnover intentions...
2016: Journal of Business and Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27881210/the-role-of-a-food-policy-coalition-in-influencing-a-local-food-environment-an-australian-case-study
#2
Julia McCartan, Claire Palermo
OBJECTIVE: To explore how an Australian rural food policy coalition acts to influence a local food environment, focusing specifically on its composition, functions and processes as well as its food-related strategies and policy outputs. DESIGN: A qualitative case study approach was undertaken. Three sources were used to triangulate data: eleven semi-structured in-depth interviews with coalition members, analysis of thirty-seven documents relating to the coalition and observation at one coalition meeting...
November 24, 2016: Public Health Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27879980/theory-based-interventions-for-contraception
#3
REVIEW
Laureen M Lopez, Thomas W Grey, Mario Chen, Elizabeth E Tolley, Laurie L Stockton
BACKGROUND: The explicit use of theory in research helps expand the knowledge base. Theories and models have been used extensively in HIV-prevention research and in interventions for preventing sexually transmitted infections (STIs). The health behavior field uses many theories or models of change. However, many educational interventions addressing contraception have no explicit theoretical base. OBJECTIVES: To review randomized controlled trials (RCTs) that tested a theoretical approach to inform contraceptive choice and encourage or improve contraceptive use...
November 23, 2016: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27878849/leading-change-a-concept-analysis
#4
Heather V Nelson-Brantley, Debra J Ford
AIM: To report an analysis of the concept of leading change. BACKGROUND: Nurses have been called to lead change to advance the health of individuals, populations and systems. Conceptual clarity about leading change in the context of nursing and healthcare systems provides an empirical direction for future research and theory development that can advance the science of leadership studies in nursing. DESIGN: Concept analysis. DATA SOURCES: CINAHL, PubMed, PsycINFO, Psychology and Behavioral Sciences Collection, Health Business Elite and Business Source Premier databases were searched using the terms: leading change, transformation, reform, leadership and change...
November 23, 2016: Journal of Advanced Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27875605/sustaining-family-physicians-in-urban-underserved-settings
#5
Anne Getzin, Bonnie L Bobot, Deborah Simpson
OBJECTIVE: Our objective was to identify factors that sustain family physicians practicing in Milwaukee's underserved urban areas. METHODS: Family physicians with clinical careers in Milwaukee's urban, underserved communities were identified and invited to participate in a 45-60 minute interview using a literature-based semi-structured protocol. Each interview was transcribed and de-identified prior to independent analysis using a grounded theory qualitative approach by two authors to yield sustaining themes...
November 2016: Family Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27872386/transformational-leadership-in-primary-care-clinicians-patterned-approaches-to-care-predict-patient-satisfaction-and-health-expectations
#6
Ho Phi Huynh, Kate Sweeny, Tricia Miller
Clinicians face the complex challenge of motivating their patients to achieve optimal health while also ensuring their satisfaction. Inspired by transformational leadership theory, we proposed that clinicians' motivational behaviors can be organized into three patient care styles (transformational, transactional, and passive-avoidant) and that these styles differentially predict patient health outcomes. In two studies using patient-reported data and observer ratings, we found that transformational patient care style positively predicted patients' satisfaction and health expectations above and beyond transactional and passive-avoidant patient care style...
November 21, 2016: Journal of Health Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27870521/leading-to-transgress-critical-considerations-for-transforming-leadership-learning
#7
Laura Osteen, Kathy L Guthrie, Tamara Bertrand Jones
The culturally relevant leadership learning (CRLL) model is explored through the lens of theory and practice. This creates critical questions to guide leadership educators in the ongoing process of transforming leadership programs.
December 2016: New Directions for Student Leadership
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27859459/barriers-and-facilitators-to-the-implementation-of-person-centred-care-in-different-healthcare-contexts
#8
Lucy Moore, Nicky Britten, Doris Lydahl, Öncel Naldemirci, Mark Elam, Axel Wolf
BACKGROUND: To empower patients and improve the quality of care, policy-makers increasingly adopt systems to enhance person-centred care. Although models of person-centredness and patient-centredness vary, respecting the needs and preferences of individuals receiving care is paramount. In Sweden, as in other countries, healthcare providers seek to improve person-centred principles and address gaps in practice. Consequently, researchers at the University of Gothenburg Centre for Person-Centred Care are currently delivering person-centred interventions employing a framework that incorporates three routines...
November 8, 2016: Scandinavian Journal of Caring Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27859309/leadership-behavior-changes-following-a-theory-based-leadership-development-intervention-a-longitudinal-study-of-subordinates-and-leaders-evaluations
#9
Gerry Larsson, Christer Sandahl, Teresa Söderhjelm, Endre Sjövold, Ann Zander
The aim was to evaluate effects of leadership courses based on the developmental leadership model at the leadership behavioral level. A longitudinal design was employed with assessments before, one and six months after the leadership courses. The sample consisted of 59 leaders who made self-ratings and were rated by at least three subordinates on each occasion. Leadership behaviors were measured with the Developmental Leadership Questionnaire (DLQ). A limited increase of favorable leadership behaviors and a significant reduction of unfavorable leadership behaviors were found, particularly according to the subordinates' ratings...
November 17, 2016: Scandinavian Journal of Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27818452/mechanisms-linking-authentic-leadership-to-emotional-exhaustion-the-role-of-procedural-justice-and-emotional-demands-in-a-moderated-mediation-approach
#10
Judith Kampa, Thomas Rigotti, Kathleen Otto
In order to gain more knowledge on how the positive leadership concept of authentic leadership impacts follower strain, this study tries to uncover procedural justice as an underlying mechanism. In contrast to previous work, we exclusively base our theoretical model on justice theories. Specifically, we hypothesize that authentic leadership negatively predicts emotional exhaustion through perceptions of procedural justice. We assume that this indirect effect is conditional on followers\' amount of emotional demands, and that the procedural justice-emotional exhaustion relationship is stronger when emotional demands are high...
November 3, 2016: Industrial Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27808525/boys-don-t-cry-gender-and-reactions-to-negative-performance-feedback
#11
Daphna Motro, Aleksander P J Ellis
Our experiment is aimed at understanding how employee reactions to negative feedback are received by the feedback provider and how employee gender may play a role in the process. We focus specifically on the act of crying and, based on role congruity theory, argue that a male employee crying in response to negative performance feedback will be seen as atypical behavior by the feedback provider, which will bias evaluations of the employee on a number of different outcome variables, including performance evaluations, assessments of leadership capability, and written recommendations...
November 3, 2016: Journal of Applied Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27805949/creating-a-cadre-of-fellowship-trained-medical-educators-part-ii-a-formal-needs-assessment-to-structure-postgraduate-fellowships-in-medical-education-scholarship-and-leadership
#12
Jaime Jordan, Lalena M Yarris, Sally A Santen, Todd A Guth, Steven Rougas, Daniel P Runde, Wendy C Coates
PURPOSE: Education leaders at the 2012 Academic Emergency Medicine Consensus Conference on education research proposed that dedicated postgraduate education scholarship fellowships (ESFs) might provide an effective model for developing future faculty as scholars. A formal needs assessment was performed to understand the training gap and inform the development of ESFs. METHOD: A mixed-methods needs assessment was conducted of four emergency medicine national stakeholder groups in 2013: department chairs; faculty education/research leaders; existing education fellowship directors; and current education fellows/graduates...
November 1, 2016: Academic Medicine: Journal of the Association of American Medical Colleges
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27800731/perceptions-of-leadership-among-final-year-undergraduate-nursing-students
#13
Jayne Francis-Shama
Aim The promotion of a distributed leadership model in health care means there is an expectation that undergraduate training should contribute to the development of nursing students' leadership capabilities. However, there is concern that the nursing degree programme is not sufficiently preparing students. This study explored nursing students' perceptions of leadership before qualifying, and how prepared they felt to take on leadership roles. Method Data were collected from 20 undergraduate nursing students, using a Straussian grounded theory approach, through three focus groups and six semi-structured interviews...
November 1, 2016: Nursing Management (Harrow)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27798437/a-review-and-critique-of-advances-in-nursing-science-articles-that-focus-on-sexual-health-and-sexual-rights-a-call-to-leadership-and-policy-development
#14
Lynn Rew, Whitney Thurman, Kari McDonald
Sexual health and sexual rights are integral to nursing science but ignored in nursing publications. We searched Advances in Nursing Science for prevalence of these topics. Fifteen articles (1.3%) met our criteria. No nursing theories were used as frameworks, and few concrete suggestions were made for further theory development. Discussion of sociopolitical influences on sexual health and/or sexual rights was limited, mostly unrelated to health care. Information to influence nursing practice, theory development, further research, or policy across the life span, for both males and females, and for variant-gender individuals, was limited...
October 28, 2016: ANS. Advances in Nursing Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27779535/the-influence-of-emerging-leadership-in-nursing-an-interview-with-dr-casey-shillam
#15
Jeffrey M Adams
This department highlights emerging nursing leaders who have demonstrated leadership in advancing innovation and patient care in practice, policy, research, education, and theory. This interview profiles Casey Shillam, PhD, RN, associate dean for baccalaureate education, University of Portland School of Nursing, Oregon.
November 2016: Journal of Nursing Administration
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27755175/leadership-development-programs-for-health-care-middle-managers-an-exploration-of-the-top-management-team-member-perspective
#16
Alan Whaley, William E Gillis
BACKGROUND: Hospitals throughout the United States establish leadership and management programs for their middle managers. Despite their pervasiveness and an increased emphasis on physician leadership, there is limited research regarding the development programs designed for clinical and nonclinical health care middle managers. PURPOSE: Using two theoretical lenses, signaling and institutional theory, this exploratory study investigates mid-sized hospital development programs from the perspective of top management team (TMT) members...
October 14, 2016: Health Care Management Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27743277/the-role-of-ethics-in-reducing-and-improving-the-quality-of-coercion-in-mental-health-care
#17
Reidun Norvoll, Marit Helene Hem, Reidar Pedersen
Coercion in mental health care gives rise to many ethical challenges. Many countries have recently implemented state policy programs or development projects aiming to reduce coercive practices and improve their quality. Few studies have explored the possible role of ethics (i.e., ethical theory, moral deliberation and clinical ethics support) in such initiatives. This study adds to this subject by exploring health professionals' descriptions of their ethical challenges and strategies in everyday life to ensure morally justified coercion and best practices...
October 14, 2016: HEC Forum: An Interdisciplinary Journal on Hospitals' Ethical and Legal Issues
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27736273/transfer-of-training-after-an-organizational-intervention-in-swedish-sports-clubs-a-self-determination-theory-perspective
#18
Andreas Stenling, Susanne Tafvelin
Leadership development programs are common in sports, but seldom evaluated, hence, we have limited knowledge about what the participants actually learn and the impact these programs have on sports clubs' daily operations. The purpose of the present study was to integrate a transfer of training model with self-determination theory to understand predictors of learning and training transfer, following a leadership development program among organizational leaders in Swedish sports clubs. Bayesian multilevel path analysis showed that autonomous motivation and an autonomy-supportive implementation of the program positively predicted near transfer (i...
October 13, 2016: Journal of Sport & Exercise Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27729102/designing-and-implementing-an-interdependent-resilience-culture
#19
Henry Patrick Knapp
Once an emergency occurs, companies find themselves competing for diminishing resources. Companies mired in confusion and debate often fail to obtain the resources necessary for a speedy recovery and fail to meet the expectations of their various interested parties. Unfortunately, it is during these emergencies that the firm is judged. Unfavourable evaluations of a company by customers, the government and/or the general public result in lost future revenue through contracts that are either not renewed or cancelled, as well as disqualification from tenders and lost bids...
2016: Journal of Business Continuity & Emergency Planning
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27709992/leadership-emergence-over-time-in-short-lived-groups-integrating-expectations-states-theory-with-temporal-person-perception-and-self-serving-bias
#20
Yuval Kalish, Gil Luria
Research into leadership emergence typically focuses on the attributes of the emergent leader. By considering also the attributes of perceivers and the passage of time, we develop a more complete theory of leadership emergence in short-lived groups. Using expectation states theory as an overarching theoretical framework, and integrating it with the surface- and deep-level diversity literature and with theories of self-serving biases, we examine the predictors of leadership emergence in short timeframes. We conduct a field study in a military assessment boot camp (a pilot study, n = 60; and a main study, n = 89)...
October 2016: Journal of Applied Psychology
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