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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28327246/evolutionary-explanations-for-financial-and-prosocial-biases-beyond-mating-motivation
#1
Anthony C Little
Mating motivation likely plays a role in bias to attractive individuals, but there are other complementary theories drawn from the evolutionary literature related to competition, friendship, and leadership selection that also make relevant predictions concerning biases towards attractive individuals. The relative balance of these factors will be context dependent and so help explain why the pattern of bias is sometimes variable.
January 2017: Behavioral and Brain Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28318307/stress-socializing-and-other-motivations-for-smoking-among-the-lesbian-gay-bisexual-transgender-and-queer-community-in-new-york-city
#2
Deanna P Jannat-Khah, LeConté J Dill, Simone A Reynolds, Michael A Joseph
PURPOSE: This study contributes to the emerging literature on lesbian, gay, bisexual, transgendered, and queer (LGBTQ) health disparities and tobacco use by examining the motivations for smoking among the New York City (NYC) LGBTQ population. APPROACH: We used grounded theory and blended methods from 3 grounded theorists-Strauss, Corbin, and Charmaz-for data collection, coding, and analysis. SETTING: NYC has extensive legislation to prevent smoking; however, the current smoking prevalence of homosexuals is double that of heterosexuals...
January 1, 2017: American Journal of Health Promotion: AJHP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28314495/global-service-learning-and-student-athletes-a-model-for-enhanced-academic-inclusion-at-the-university-of-washington
#3
Holly M Barker
BACKGROUND: The University of Washington (UW) continues to create opportunities to engage all students in transformational undergraduate educational opportunities, such as study abroad. OBJECTIVE: This article describes specific efforts to increase inclusion for student-athletes in study abroad, particularly for first-generation students, including low-income students of color. Given the overrepresentation of students of color in sports vis-à-vis the larger student body at predominantly white institutions (PWIs), like UW, service-learning in communities beyond campus boundaries provides opportunities to apply international learning to a local context and to create a continuum of learning...
November 2016: Annals of Global Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28292745/cardiopulmonary-resuscitation-training-in-schools-following-8%C3%A2-years-of-mandating-legislation-in-denmark-a-nationwide-survey
#4
Carolina Malta Hansen, Line Zinckernagel, Annette Kjær Ersbøll, Tine Tjørnhøj-Thomsen, Mads Wissenberg, Freddy Knudsen Lippert, Peter Weeke, Gunnar Hilmar Gislason, Lars Køber, Christian Torp-Pedersen, Fredrik Folke
BACKGROUND: School cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) training has become mandatory in many countries, but whether legislation has translated into implementation of CPR training is largely unknown. We assessed CPR training of students following 8 years of legislative mandates in Denmark. METHODS AND RESULTS: A nationwide cross-sectional survey of Danish school leadership (n=1240) and ninth-grade homeroom teachers (n=1381) was carried out for school year 2013-2014...
March 14, 2017: Journal of the American Heart Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28288597/school-based-vaccination-programmes-a-systematic-review-of-the-evidence-on-organisation-and-delivery-in-high-income-countries
#5
Sarah Perman, Simon Turner, Angus I G Ramsay, Abigail Baim-Lance, Martin Utley, Naomi J Fulop
BACKGROUND: Many countries have recently expanded their childhood immunisation programmes. Schools are an increasingly attractive setting for delivery of these new immunisations because of their ability to reach large numbers of children in a short period of time. However, there are organisational challenges to delivery of large-scale vaccination programmes in schools. Understanding the facilitators and barriers is important for improving the delivery of future school-based vaccination programmes...
March 14, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28280655/foundational-elements-of-applied-simulation-theory-development-and-implementation-of-a-longitudinal-simulation-educator-curriculum
#6
Michelle Chiu, Glenn Posner, Susan Humphrey-Murto
Simulation-based education has gained popularity, yet many faculty members feel inadequately prepared to teach using this technique. Fellowship training in medical education exists, but there is little information regarding simulation or formal educational programs therein. In our institution, simulation fellowships were offered by individual clinical departments. We recognized the need for a formal curriculum in educational theory. Kern's approach to curriculum development was used to develop, implement, and evaluate the Foundational Elements of Applied Simulation Theory (FEAST) curriculum...
January 27, 2017: Curēus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28262973/trouble-in-transit-organizational-barriers-to-workers-health
#7
Nicole P Bowles, Bruce S McEwen, Carla Boutin-Foster
BACKGROUND: Valuable insights on the health and behavior of transit workers can be obtained from qualitative research that considers the social environment, which affects job performance and determines levels of perceived stress. METHODS: Using a grounded theory approach, semi-structured interviews were conducted with American transit workers (n = 32). Recorded interviews were transcribed and analyzed using a constant comparative method. RESULTS: Participants described categories related to entrenched organizational practices, particularly managements' leadership style, which created an atmosphere of distrust...
March 6, 2017: American Journal of Industrial Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28241770/application-of-the-consolidated-framework-for-implementation-research-to-assess-factors-that-may-influence-implementation-of-tobacco-use-treatment-guidelines-in-the-viet-nam-public-health-care-delivery-system
#8
Nancy VanDevanter, Pritika Kumar, Nam Nguyen, Linh Nguyen, Trang Nguyen, Frances Stillman, Bryan Weiner, Donna Shelley
BACKGROUND: Services to treat tobacco dependence are not readily available to smokers in low-middle income countries (LMICs) where smoking prevalence remains high. We are conducting a cluster randomized controlled trial comparing the effectiveness of two strategies for implementing tobacco use treatment guidelines in 26 community health centers (CHCs) in Viet Nam. Guided by the Consolidated Framework for Implementation Research (CFIR), prior to implementing the trial, we conducted formative research to (1) identify factors that may influence guideline implementation and (2) inform further modifications to the intervention that may be necessary to translate a model of care delivery from a high-income country (HIC) to the local context of a LMIC...
February 28, 2017: Implementation Science: IS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28241330/a-qualitative-interview-based-study-of-the-health-policy-fellowship-s-osteopathic-identity
#9
Daniel Skinner, Berkeley Franz
CONTEXT: Since 1993, the Health Policy Fellowship (HPF) has trained osteopathic professionals in health policy and leadership. Although almost 250 fellows have graduated from the program, many of whom have assumed leadership roles within the osteopathic medical profession, the HPF has, to the authors' knowledge, never been subjected to scholarly analysis. OBJECTIVE: To understand the HPF's professional significance as a health policy and leadership training program that has enrolled mostly osteopathic physicians...
March 1, 2017: Journal of the American Osteopathic Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28199056/remixing-leadership-practices-with-emerging-technologies
#10
Edmund T Cabellon, Paul Gordon Brown
The authors present an overview of the historical trends in and current state of technology in leadership education (P-20), including the influence of related platforms, tools, and theories.
March 2017: New Directions for Student Leadership
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28178971/building-social-capital-to-promote-adolescent-wellbeing-a-qualitative-study-with-teens-in-a-latino-agricultural-community
#11
Marissa Raymond-Flesch, Colette Auerswald, Linda McGlone, Megan Comfort, Alexandra Minnis
BACKGROUND: Latino youth, particularly in rural settings, experience significant disparities in rates of teen pregnancy and violence. Few data are available regarding social and structural influences on Latino youth's developmental trajectories, specifically on factors that promote wellbeing and protect them from engagement in high-risk sexual and violence-related behaviors. METHODS: Forty-two youth aged 13 to 19 years old were recruited from middle schools and youth leadership programs to participate in one of eight community-based focus groups in Salinas, a predominantly Latino, urban center in California's rural central coast...
February 8, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28148325/the-past-present-and-future-of-paediatric-cardiology-training-at-the-johns-hopkins-hospital-in-the-tradition-of-dr-helen-taussig
#12
Gary S Beasley, Anne M Murphy, Joel I Brenner, William J Ravekes
Johns Hopkins has been a leader in paediatric cardiology for over 85 years. In the 1940s, Dr Helen Taussig began training fellows in paediatric cardiology at Johns Hopkins at a time when the diagnosis and treatment of CHD were in the earliest stage. Under her leadership, the fellowship developed a strong foundation that has continued to evolve to meet the current needs of learners and educators. In the current era, the Johns Hopkins programme implements the current theories of adult education and actively engages our fellows in learning as well as teaching...
December 2016: Cardiology in the Young
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28145617/improving-exchange-with-consumers-within-mental-health-organizations-recognizing-mental-ill-health-experience-as-a-sneaky-special-degree
#13
Brett Scholz, Julia Bocking, Brenda Happell
Stigmatizing views towards consumers may be held even by those working within mental health organizations. Contemporary mental health policies require organizations to work collaboratively with consumers in producing and delivering services. Using social exchange theory, which emphasises mutual exchange to maximise benefits in partnership, the current study explores the perspectives of those working within organizations that have some level of consumer leadership. Interviews were conducted with 14 participants from a range of mental health organizations...
February 1, 2017: International Journal of Mental Health Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28144170/flipping-the-classroom-to-teach-millennial-residents-medical-leadership-a-proof-of-concept
#14
Alicia T Lucardie, Lizanne Berkenbosch, Jochem van den Berg, Jamiu O Busari
INTRODUCTION: The ongoing changes in health care delivery have resulted in the reform of educational content and methods of training in postgraduate medical leadership education. Health care law and medical errors are domains in medical leadership where medical residents desire training. However, the potential value of the flipped classroom as a pedagogical tool for leadership training within postgraduate medical education has not been fully explored. Therefore, we designed a learning module for this purpose and made use of the flipped classroom model to deliver the training...
2017: Advances in Medical Education and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28125454/types-of-internal-facilitation-activities-in-hospitals-implementing-evidence-based-interventions
#15
Jure Baloh, Xi Zhu, Marcia M Ward
BACKGROUND: Implementation models, frameworks, and theories recognize the importance of activities that facilitate implementation success. However, little is known about internal facilitation activities that hospital personnel engage in during implementation efforts. PURPOSE: The aim of the study was to examine internal facilitation activities at 10 critical access hospitals in rural Iowa during their implementation of TeamSTEPPS, a patient safety intervention, and to identify characteristics that distinguish different types of facilitation activities...
January 25, 2017: Health Care Management Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28125257/leadership-in-applied-psychology-three-waves-of-theory-and-research
#16
Robert G Lord, David V Day, Stephen J Zaccaro, Bruce J Avolio, Alice H Eagly
Although in the early years of the Journal leadership research was rare and focused primarily on traits differentiating leaders from nonleaders, subsequent to World War II the research area developed in 3 major waves of conceptual, empirical, and methodological advances: (a) behavioral and attitude research; (b) behavioral, social-cognitive, and contingency research; and (c) transformational, social exchange, team, and gender-related research. Our review of this work shows dramatic increases in sophistication from early research focusing on personnel issues associated with World War I to contemporary multilevel models and meta-analyses on teams, shared leadership, leader-member exchange, gender, ethical, abusive, charismatic, and transformational leadership...
March 2017: Journal of Applied Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28125256/organizational-climate-and-culture-reflections-on-the-history-of-the-constructs-in-the-journal-of-applied-psychology
#17
Benjamin Schneider, Vicente González-Romá, Cheri Ostroff, Michael A West
We review the literature on organizational climate and culture paying specific attention to articles published in the Journal of Applied Psychology (JAP) since its first volume in 1917. The article traces the history of the 2 constructs though JAP has been far more important for climate than culture research. We distinguish 4 main periods: the pre-1971 era, with pioneering work on exploring conceptualization and operationalizations of the climate construct; the 1971-1985 era, with foundational work on aggregation issues, outcome-focused climates (on safety and service) and early writings on culture; the 1986-1999 era, characterized by solidification of a focused climate approach to understanding organizational processes (justice, discrimination) and outcomes (safety, service) and the beginnings of survey approaches to culture; and the 2000-2014 era, characterized by multilevel work on climate, climate strength, demonstrated validity for a climate approach to outcomes and processes, and the relationship between leadership and climate and culture...
March 2017: Journal of Applied Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28118476/blending-simulation-based-learning-and-interpretative-pedagogy-for-undergraduate-leadership-competency-development
#18
Charmaine McPherson, Cathy MacDonald
BACKGROUND: Effective leadership is an essential component guiding nursing activity and influencing health systems, health workers, and patient outcomes. Despite this evidence, undergraduate nursing programs may not be adequately preparing graduates to effectively engage in leadership practice. METHOD: This article describes an educational innovation designed to support prelicensure leadership competency development. The authors blended simulation-based learning (SBL) with an interpretative pedagogical frame in a senior nursing leadership course at a primarily undergraduate university...
January 1, 2017: Journal of Nursing Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28118472/nursing-student-coaches-for-emergency-department-super-utilizers
#19
Della Anderson, Enedina Patch, Brooke Oxandale, Amy Kincade, Angie Gamber, Ruth Ohm
BACKGROUND: The Super Utilizer Project is a collaboration between an integrated health care organization and a baccalaureate school of nursing. The goal is to help the super utilizers access appropriate health care resources through the use of a student coach model. METHOD: The student coaches provide clients with disease prevention and health promotion education and assistance specific to the clients' unique health care needs. The tenets of the theoretical frameworks of servant leadership, caring theory, and transtheoretical model of behavior change are applied throughout this project...
January 1, 2017: Journal of Nursing Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28106678/the-influence-of-emerging-nursing-administrative-and-leadership-researchers-an-interview-with-dr-lesly-kelly
#20
Jeffrey M Adams
This department highlights emerging nursing leaders who have demonstrated leadership in advancing innovation and patient care in practice, policy, research, education, and theory. This interview profiles Lesly Kelly, PhD, RN, Assistant Professor at the Arizona State University College of Nursing and Health Innovation and Nursing and Clinical Research Program Director at Banner-University Medical Center Phoenix.
February 2017: Journal of Nursing Administration
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