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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28805576/nonmotor-symptoms-in-essential-tremor-and-other-tremor-disorders
#1
Alessandro F Fois, Hugo M Briceño, Victor S C Fung
Tremor, like dystonia, is a term used at the phenomenological, syndromic, and aetiopathological level. Parkinsonian, essential, and dystonic tremor are the three most common tremor diagnoses encountered in clinical practice. Investigation of nonmotor symptoms in essential tremor and dystonic tremor syndromes is significantly hampered by the lack of clear clinical diagnostic criteria for these groups at a syndromic level, and the absence of biomarkers which allow definitive diagnosis at an aetiopathological level...
2017: International Review of Neurobiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28803410/an-investigation-of-moral-principles-and-mental-training-in-the-p%C3%A4-li-nik%C3%A4-yas-and-their-implications-for-behaviour-modification-and-mental-health
#2
Ashin Sumanacara
This article explicates the fundamental moral principles and mental training of Buddhism that have implications for behavioural transformation and mental health promotion. These techniques are considered to be effective for transforming the unwholesome thoughts and overcoming the afflictions (āsavas). It investigates some methods of mental training that can be designed to fit the behaviour of a practitioner. It also investigates the three key interdependent elements of mindfulness techniques and, in particular, how a simple practice of mindfulness (sati), full awareness (sampajañña), and proper attention (yoniso-manasikāra) can help us modify our behaviour and achieve mental health...
August 12, 2017: Journal of Religion and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28799199/refining-moral-agency-insights-from-moral-psychology-and-moral-philosophy
#3
Aimee Milliken
Research in moral psychology has recently raised questions about the impact of context and the environment on the way the human mind works. In a 2012 call to action, Paley wrote: "If some of the conclusions arrived at by moral psychologists are true, they are directly relevant to the way nurses think about moral problems, and present serious challenges to favoured concepts in nursing ethics, such as the ethics of care, virtue, and the unity of the person" (p. 80). He urges nurse ethicists and scholars to evaluate the impact these findings may have for moral theory...
August 11, 2017: Nursing Philosophy: An International Journal for Healthcare Professionals
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28798502/reducing-the-environmental-impact-of-clinical-laboratories
#4
Joseph B Lopez, David Jackson, Alistair Gammie, Tony Badrick
Healthcare is a significant contributor to environmental impact but this has received little attention. The typical laboratory uses far more energy and water per unit area than the typical office building. There is a need to sensitise laboratories to the importance of adopting good environmental practices. Since this comes at an initial cost, it is vital to obtain senior management support. Convincing management of the various tangible and intangible benefits that can accrue in the long run should help achieve this support...
February 2017: Clinical Biochemist. Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28795775/interventions-to-reduce-perceived-stress-among-graduate-students-a-systematic-review-with-implications-for-evidence-based-practice
#5
Susan B Stillwell, Amber L Vermeesch, Jane G Scott
BACKGROUND: Stress is a part of daily life for graduate students, including graduate nursing students. Contemporary graduate nursing students are facing unprecedented challenges to meet rigorous academic standards as they prepare for their advanced professional role to meet the demands of the nation's complex and ever-changing healthcare system. Empowering graduate nursing students to ease their perceived stress and minimize undesirable health effects may benefit their capacity to adapt and successfully manage perceived stress in their future healthcare role...
August 10, 2017: Worldviews on Evidence-based Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28795335/encouraging-mindfulness-in-medical-house-staff-via-smartphone-app-a-pilot-study
#6
Louise Wen, Timothy E Sweeney, Lindsay Welton, Mickey Trockel, Laurence Katznelson
BACKGROUND: Stress and burnout are increasingly recognized as urgent issues among resident physicians, especially given the concerning implications of burnout on physician well-being and patient care outcomes. OBJECTIVE: The authors assessed how a mindfulness and meditation practice among residents, supported via a self-guided, smartphone-based mindfulness app, affects wellness as measured by prevalidated surveys. METHODS: Residents in the departments of general surgery, anesthesia, and obstetrics and gynecology were recruited for participation in this survey-based, four-week, single-arm study...
August 9, 2017: Academic Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28793373/reflection-on-the-cause-and-avoidance-of-recurrent-venous-leg-ulcers-an-interpretive-descriptive-approach
#7
Ann Stewart, Helen Edwards, Kathleen Finlayson
AIMS AND OBJECTIVES: To gain insight into the experience of recurrent venous leg ulcers from the individual's perspective and provide knowledge on potential risks of recurrence not previously investigated. BACKGROUND: Venous leg ulcers are a consequence of chronic venous disease and frequently recur. They are costly and can impact on physical and psychological health. Despite research suggesting the risk can be reduced through compression and lifestyle changes, recurrence rates are often high...
August 9, 2017: Journal of Clinical Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28792567/-efficacy-of-mental-health-prevention-and-promotion-strategies-in-higher-education
#8
Marc Martineau, Guy Beauchamp, Diane Marcotte
Recent studies inform of increases in reported mental health problems in higher education students worldwide, with suicide and homicide being the most dramatic outcomes. Improving first-hand intervention and implementing mental health prevention and promotion strategies in colleges and universities are amongst the most commonly mentioned means of addressing these concerns. While institutions increasingly favor mental health promotion, most programs have not been properly evaluated and most strategies cannot be replicated...
2017: Santé Mentale Au Québec
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28789681/study-protocol-on-comparative-effectiveness-of-mindfulness-meditation-and-qigong-on-psychophysiological-outcomes-for-patients-with-colorectal-cancer-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#9
Rainbow T H Ho, Adrian H Y Wan, Jessie S M Chan, S M Ng, K F Chung, Cecilia L W Chan
BACKGROUND: Colorectal cancer imposes threats to patients' well-being. Although most physical symptoms can be managed by medication, psychosocial stressors may complicate survival and hamper quality of life. Mindfulness and Qigong, two kinds of mind-body exercise rooted in Eastern health philosophy, has been found effective in symptoms management, improving mental health, and reducing stress. With these potential benefits, a randomized controlled trial (RCT) is planned to investigate the comparative effectiveness of mindfulness and Baduanjin intervention on the bio-psychosocial wellbeing of people with colorectal cancer...
August 8, 2017: BMC Complementary and Alternative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28783749/a-yoga-program-for-cognitive-enhancement
#10
Devon Brunner, Amitai Abramovitch, Joseph Etherton
BACKGROUND: Recent studies suggest that yoga practice may improve cognitive functioning. Although preliminary data indicate that yoga improves working memory (WM), high-resolution information about the type of WM subconstructs, namely maintenance and manipulation, is not available. Furthermore, the association between cognitive enhancement and improved mindfulness as a result of yoga practice requires empirical examination. The aim of the present study is to assess the impact of a brief yoga program on WM maintenance, WM manipulation and attentive mindfulness...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28776661/mind-brain-and-body-healing-trauma-the-way-forward
#11
Margaret Wilkinson
The paper explores an interdisciplinary whole person approach to healing from trauma that conserves our rich inheritance from Jung but also takes on board insights from research in the areas of attachment, trauma and the neurobiology of emotion. It is now over 20 years since insights from neurobiology began to be used to inform clinical practice. The paper reviews key insights which have emerged, along with the ways they enable therapists to help mind, brain and body to heal and the ways in which they clarify why, in clinical practice, we do what we do...
September 2017: Journal of Analytical Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28776062/a-mindfulness-practice-for-communication-sciences-and-disorders-undergraduate-and-speech-language-pathology-graduate-students-effects-on-stress-self-compassion-and-perfectionism
#12
Ann R Beck, Heidi Verticchio, Scott Seeman, Emma Milliken, Heidi Schaab
Purpose: The purpose of the present study was to explore the effects of a mindfulness practice on participants' levels of self-compassion, perfectionism, attention, and perceived and biological stress. Method: This was a between-groups design. Experimental participants engaged in a short mindfulness practice weekly for one academic semester; control participants did not. All participants completed three self-report scales measuring perceived stress, self-compassion, and perfectionism before and after mindfulness sessions...
August 3, 2017: American Journal of Speech-language Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28768897/strategies-for-the-identification-of-disease-related-patterns-of-volatile-organic-compounds-prediction-of-paratuberculosis-in-an-animal-model-using-random-forests
#13
Elisa Kasbohm, Sina Fischer, Anne Küntzel, Peter Oertel, Andreas Bergmann, Phillip Trefz, Wolfram Miekisch, Jochen Schubert, Petra Reinhold, Mario Ziller, Andreas Fröhlich, Volkmar Liebscher, Heike Köhler
Recently, modern statistical methods which were developed for automated pattern recognition are being used increasingly for data analysis in studies on emissions of volatile organic compounds (VOCs). With the detection of disease-related VOC profiles, novel non-invasive diagnostic tools could be developed for clinical applications. However, it is important to bear in mind that not all statistical methods are suited for the investigation of VOC profiles. In particular univariate methods are not able to discover VOC patterns as they consider each compound separately...
August 3, 2017: Journal of Breath Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28768438/caregivers-experiences-with-the-selection-and-use-of-assistive-technology
#14
W Ben Mortenson, Alex Pysklywec, Marcus J Fuhrer, Jeffrey W Jutai, Michelle Plante, Louise Demers
Qualitative data from a mixed-methods clinical trial are used to examine caregivers' experiences with the selection and use of assistive technology to facilitate care recipients' independence. Through a thematic analysis of interviews from 27 caregivers, three broad themes were identified. "A partial peace of mind" described the generally positive psychological impacts from assistive technology, mainly reduced stress and a shift in caregiving labour from physical tasks to a monitoring role. "Working together" explored the caregivers' experiences of receiving assistive technology and the sense of collaboration felt by caregivers during the intervention process...
August 2, 2017: Disability and Rehabilitation. Assistive Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28766283/management-of-aorto-esophageal-fistula-secondary-after-thoracic-endovascular-aortic-repair-a-review-of-literature
#15
REVIEW
Kaname Uno, Tomoyuki Koike, Seiichi Takahashi, Daisuke Komazawa, Tooru Shimosegawa
Aorto-esophageal fistula (AEF) is a rare and lethal entity, and the difficulty of making diagnosis of AEF is well-known. As promising results in the short-term effectiveness of thoracic endovascular aortic repair (TEVAR) promote its usage, the occurrence of AEF after TEVAR (post-TEVAR AEF) increases as one of the major complications. Therefore, we provide a review concerning the management strategy of post-TEVAR AEF. Although its representative symptom was reported as the triad of mid-thoracic pain and sentinel hematemesis followed by massive hematemesis, the symptom-free interval between sentinel hemorrhage and massive exsanguination is unpredictable...
August 1, 2017: Clinical Journal of Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28765991/ultrasound-elastography-in-tendon-pathology-state-of-the-art
#16
REVIEW
Romain Domenichini, Jean-Baptiste Pialat, Andrea Podda, Sébastien Aubry
Elastography assesses the biomechanical and structural properties of tissues by measuring their stiffness. Despite promising results, elastography has not yet earned its place in the daily practice of musculoskeletal radiologists. The purpose of this article is to present and examine the data available to date on ultrasound elastography of the tendons through a review of the literature to provide musculoskeletal radiologists with an overview that may help them better understand and use elastography routinely...
August 1, 2017: Skeletal Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28765006/rationale-design-and-implementation-of-a-clinical-trial-of-a-mindfulness-based-relapse-prevention-protocol-for-the-treatment-of-women-with-comorbid-post-traumatic-stress-disorder-and-substance-use-disorder
#17
Caroline Vrana, Therese Killeen, Victoria Brant, Jana Mastrogiovanni, Nathaniel L Baker
Comorbid post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) and substance use disorders (SUD) commonly co-occur and is associated with a more complex clinical presentation with poorer clinical outcomes when compared with either disorder alone, and untreated PTSD can predict relapse to substance abuse. A number of integrated treatment approaches addressing symptoms of both PTSD and SUD concurrently demonstrate that both disorders can safely and effectively be treated concurrently. However, attrition and SUD relapse rates remain high and there is need to further develop new treatment approaches...
July 29, 2017: Contemporary Clinical Trials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28760370/what-nmr-can-do-in-the-biopharmaceutical-industry
#18
REVIEW
Róbert Kiss, Ádám Fizil, Csaba Szántay
Nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) spectroscopy has a unique capability to probe the primary and higher order molecular structure and the structural dynamics of biomolecules at an atomic resolution, and this capability has been greatly fortified over the last five decades by an astonishing NMR instrumental and methodological development. Because of these factors, NMR has become a primary tool for the structure investigation of biomolecules, spawning a whole scientific subfield dedicated to the subject. This role of NMR is by now well established and broadly appreciated, especially in the context of academic research dealing with proteins that are purified and isotope-labeled in order to facilitate the necessary sophisticated multidimensional NMR measurements...
July 8, 2017: Journal of Pharmaceutical and Biomedical Analysis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28759111/daily-mindful-responding-mediates-the-effect-of-meditation-practice-on-stress-and-mood-the-role-of-practice-duration-and-adherence
#19
Julien Lacaille, Gentiana Sadikaj, Midori Nishioka, Kimberly Carrière, Joseph Flanders, Bärbel Knäuper
OBJECTIVE: Although meditation practice is an important component of many mindfulness-based interventions (MBIs), empirical findings of its effects on psychological functioning are mixed and the mechanisms for the effects remain unclear. Responding with mindfulness (i.e., returning one's attention back to a nonjudgmental, present-oriented awareness) is a fundamental skill practiced in meditations. With repeated meditation practice, this skill is thought to become internalized and be applied to one's daily life...
July 31, 2017: Journal of Clinical Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28759093/functional-somatic-syndrome-assessment-and-management
#20
Christopher J Graver
Functional somatic syndrome (FSS) occurs in as many as 30% of patients in general medical practice, but it is infrequently a topic of formal instruction. Many physicians feel uncomfortable with medically unexplained symptoms and are unfamiliar with how to assess or manage them. Traditional medical approaches can be ineffective and can contribute to iatrogenic or adverse physiologic effects in patients. Physicians treating patients with FSS should not only consider standard medical tests, but they should also try to gain a deeper behavioral understanding of the mind-body connections that underlie the presenting symptoms...
August 1, 2017: Journal of the American Osteopathic Association
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