Read by QxMD icon Read

mind practice

Víviam Vargas Barros, Emérita Sátiro Opaleye, Marcelo Demarzo, Sarah Bowen, Daniela Fernández Curado, Helena Hachul, Ana Regina Noto
INTRODUCTION: Dispositional mindfulness can be described as the mental ability to pay attention to the present moment, non-judgmentally. There is evidence of inverse relation between dispositional mindfulness and insomnia and substance use, but as of yet, no studies evaluating the specific association between dispositional mindfulness and the components of hypnotic use disorder. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the association between dispositional mindfulness and the components of dependence among female chronic hypnotic users...
2018: PloS One
R M Gracia Gozalo, J M Ferrer Tarrés, A Ayora Ayora, M Alonso Herrero, A Amutio Kareaga, R Ferrer Roca
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the effect of a mindfulness training program on the levels of burnout, mindfulness, empathy and self-compassion among healthcare professionals in an Intensive Care Unit of a tertiary hospital. DESIGN: A longitudinal study with an intrasubject pre-post intervention design was carried out. SETTING: Intensive Care Unit of a tertiary hospital. PARTICIPANTS: A total of 32 subjects (physicians, nurses and nursing assistants) participated in the study...
March 12, 2018: Medicina Intensiva
Heidi Lourens, Brian Watermeyer, Leslie Swartz
PURPOSE: Scholars agree that effective rehabilitation relies on a bedrock of reciprocity, relational trust, and authenticity. It is therefore essential for practitioners to develop insight into the complex dynamics within helping relationships. This study aims to provide an in-depth understanding of visually impaired students' experience of informal helping relationships. METHODS: Ten visually impaired students at a South African university participated in one of two semi-structured focus group interviews (six and four in each group, respectively) wherein we explored their experience of informal helping relationships...
March 16, 2018: Disability and Rehabilitation
Christopher R Berghoff, John P Forsyth, Timothy R Ritzert, Georg H Eifert, Drew A Anderson
OBJECTIVE: Evaluate the incremental effects of a computerized values clarification (VC) activity on anxiety symptomology and quality of life over and above establishment of a mindfulness meditation (MM) practice. METHOD: Anxious participants (N = 120, Female = 86; Mage  = 22.26) were randomly assigned to a 2-week, 10-min daily MM practice + control task or a 2-week, 10-min daily MM practice + VC task. Pre-assessments and post-assessments included well-established and ideographic self-report measures...
March 15, 2018: Journal of Clinical Psychology
Paulomi M Sudhir
Cognitive behaviour therapy is a structured, time limited, psychological intervention that has is empirically supported across a wide variety of psychological disorders. CBT for addictive behaviours can be traced back to the application of learning theories in understanding addiction and subsequently to social cognitive theories. The focus of CBT is manifold and the focus is on targeting maintaining factors of addictive behaviours and preventing relapse. Relapse prevention programmes are based on social cognitive and cognitive behavioural principles...
February 2018: Indian Journal of Psychiatry
Semih Zeki Uludag, Mehmet Serdar Kutuk, Mehmet Dolanbay, Mahmut Tuncay Ozgun, Gunel Eliyeva, Ozguc Altun
The aim of this study was to compare the effect of local intracavitary methotrexate (MTX) injection and laparoscopic (L/S) cornuostomy in the treatment of interstitial pregnancy (IP) in terms of clinical and reproductive outcome. The data of patients with IP (n:10) who were treated between September 2011 and December 2016 with either an intra-amniotic MTX injection (n:7) or L/S cornuostomy (n:3) were retrospectively evaluated. All cases (7/7) in the local injection group and two (2/3) in the L/S group were successfully treated with the initial treatment...
March 14, 2018: Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology: the Journal of the Institute of Obstetrics and Gynaecology
A Beltz, D Gösswein, S Zimmer, R H Stauber, J Hagemann, S Strieth, C Matthias, J Künzel
BACKGROUND: The TNM (tumor, nodes, metastasis) classification is updated periodically according to the literature and international recommendations. With the 8th edition, notable changes have been developed especially with regard to oropharyngeal cancer. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The modifications as well as the practicability of the classification for staging of oropharyngeal cancers are demonstrated on the basis of cases from the tumor database. RESULTS: The latest edition of the TNM classification realizes requirements to differentiate between human papilloma virus (HPV) positive and HPV-negative tumors during staging...
March 13, 2018: HNO
P Riedel, M N Smolka, M Bauer
More than half of the patients diagnosed with schizophrenia and a subgroup of patients diagnosed with bipolar disorder show impairment in neurocognitive and social cognitive performance. The degree of impairment varies from person to person. An improvement of cognitive impairment results in increased subjective quality of life and increased psychosocial functioning, to a much greater extent than successful treatment of other symptoms. Therefore, it is reasonable to not only recognize and bear decreased cognitive functioning in mind but also to offer specific treatment of impairments...
March 13, 2018: Der Nervenarzt
Philip David Zelazo, Jessica L Forston, Ann S Masten, Stephanie M Carlson
Executive function (EF) skills are essential for academic achievement, and poverty-related stress interferes with their development. This pre-test, post-test, follow-up randomized-control trial assessed the impact of an intervention targeting reflection and stress reduction on children's EF skills. Preschool children ( N = 218) from schools serving low-income families in two U.S. cities were randomly assigned to one of three options delivered in 30 small-group sessions over 6 weeks: Mindfulness + Reflection training; Literacy training; or Business as Usual (BAU)...
2018: Frontiers in Psychology
Christopher A Stevens, Jeroen Daamen, Emma Gaudrain, Tom Renkema, Jakob Dirk Top, Fokie Cnossen, Niels A Taatgen
Training negotiation is difficult because it is a complex, dynamic activity that involves multiple parties. It is often not clear how to create situations in which students can practice negotiation or how to measure students' progress. Some have begun to address these issues by creating artificial software agents with which students can train. These agents have the advantage that they can be "reset," and played against multiple times. This allows students to learn from their mistakes and try different strategies...
2018: Frontiers in Psychology
Danielle Worthington, Patricia A Deuster
Spirituality is a key interweaving and interacting domain, and an integral component for maintaining Special Operations Forces readiness; however, it remains an under-researched and likely one of the most poorly understood domains of Preservation of the Force and Family and Total Force Fitness initiatives. Although there are numerous factors that contribute to spiritual performance or spiritual fitness, core values and value-directed living are essential. An initial step toward spiritual performance or fitness is developing core values and identity, followed by a second step toward spiritual performance or fitness, which is developing an increased awareness and deeper understanding of those values...
2018: Journal of Special Operations Medicine: a Peer Reviewed Journal for SOF Medical Professionals
Cary Cuncic, Glenn Regehr, Heather Frost, Joanna Bates
INTRODUCTION: The relationship between preceptor and trainee is becoming recognized as a critical component of teaching, in particular in the negotiation of feedback and in the formation of professional identity. This paper elaborates on the nature of the relationships between preceptor and student that evolve in the context of rural longitudinal integrated clerkships (LICs). METHODS: We drew on constructivist grounded theory for the research approach. We interviewed nine LIC family practice preceptors from three sites at one educational institution...
March 12, 2018: Perspectives on Medical Education
Stephanie MacLeod, Shirley Musich, Sandra Kraemer, Ellen Wicker
Poor sleep is common among older adults, often caused by multiple underlying factors such as chronic stress. Poor sleep is subsequently associated with negative health outcomes including higher morbidity and mortality. Our primary purpose is to explore practical non-pharmacological intervention approaches integrating stress management to improve sleep quality among older adults. In doing so, we highlight approaches that appear to hold promise in real-world settings with older individuals. We conducted a tailored literature review specifically on approaches to improve sleep quality among older adults, with emphasis on those integrating stress management...
March 9, 2018: Geriatric Nursing
Julie L Masters, Paige M Toller, Nancy J Kelley, Lyn M Holley
Death is among the most avoided topics of conversation. Although end-of-life planning may greatly benefit individuals and their survivors, research and practice indicate that family, friends, and even health care providers resist discussing end-of-life plans. Consequences of not planning ahead have created a public health issue. This article describes a community-level intervention that facilitates those necessary conversations among elders who have at least begun to talk with others about their wishes. A free, three-part educational workshop series on end-of-life planning titled "Begin with the End in Mind" was developed at a midwestern university...
March 12, 2018: Gerontology & Geriatrics Education
Ratna Jyothi, Ajay Kumar Nair, Rahul Venugopal, Arun Sasidharan, Prasanta Kumar Ghosh, John P John, Seema Mehrotra, Ravindra Panth, Bindu M Kutty
Meditation, as taught by most schools of practice, consists of a set of heterogeneous techniques. We wanted to assess if EEG profiles varied across different meditation techniques, proficiency levels and experience of the practitioners. We examined EEG dynamics in Vipassana meditators (Novice, Senior meditators and Teachers) while they engaged in their traditional meditation practice (concentration, mindfulness and loving kindness in a structured manner) as taught by S.N. Goenka. Seniors and Teachers (vs Novices) showed trait increases in delta (1-4 Hz), theta-alpha (6-10 Hz) and low-gamma power (30-40 Hz) at baseline rest; state-trait increases in low-alpha (8-10 Hz) and low-gamma power during concentrative and mindfulness meditation; and theta-alpha and low-gamma power during loving-kindness meditation...
March 8, 2018: Biological Psychology
J Loriau, E Petit, A Mephon, B Angliviel, E Sauvanet
Management of deep pelvic and digestive endometriosis can lead to colorectal resection and anastomosis. Colorectal anastomosis carries risks for dreaded infectious and functional morbidity. The aim of the study was to establish, regarding the published data, the role of the three most common used surgical techniques to prevent such complications: pelvic drainage, diverting stoma, epiplooplasty. Even if many studies and articles have focused on colorectal anastomotic leakage prevention in rectal cancer surgery data regarding this topic in the setting of endometriosis where lacking...
March 7, 2018: Gynecologie, Obstetrique, Fertilite & Senologie
Katharina Maria Lex, Firuzan Sari Kundt, Stefan Lorenzl
The inability to achieve adequate nutrition and weight loss are serious problems for patients with advanced Parkinson's disease (PD). To ensure the optimal intake of nutrition and fluids and to administer levodopa-carbidopa intestinal gel (LCIG) (which patients need to increase or maintain their mobility as long as possible), different artificial feeding tubes can be used. Although percutaneous endoscopic gastrostomy (PEG) tubes are frequently used in medical practice, there is little research that addresses key questions, including if and when to administer artificial fluids, nutrition and/or LCIG via tubes...
March 8, 2018: British Journal of Nursing: BJN
Miriam Thiel Ashford, Ellinor K Olander, Heather Rowe, Jane R W Fisher, Susan Ayers
OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to explore health visitors' (HVs) views on the acceptability and potential implementation of internet-based postpartum anxiety interventions in their practice. BACKGROUND: Internet-based self-help has been shown to be effective and acceptable for postpartum depression. Recently, an internet-based intervention has been developed for postpartum anxiety. Before implementing new anxiety interventions in postpartum care, it is important to determine the acceptability and ways of implementing such interventions...
July 2017: Journal of Reproductive and Infant Psychology
Shuji Ota, Terunobu Haruyama, Masashi Ishihara, Maika Natsume, Yoko Fukasawa, Takahiko Sakamoto, Shigeru Tanzawa, Ryo Usui, Takeshi Honda, Yasuko Ichikawa, Kiyotaka Watanabe, Yuko Sasajima, Nobuhiko Seki
The patient was a 66-year-old woman. An induration of approximately 15 mm in size that accompanied redness was palpable in the umbilical fossa. She did not respond to 1-month antibiotic treatment provided by the previous physician. For this reason, a biopsy of the site was performed with the possibility of neoplastic disease in mind, resulting in the detection of adenocarcinoma. Subsequent detailed whole-body examination revealed advanced gastric cancer and peritoneal dissemination, and the induration in the umbilical fossa was diagnosed as a direct infiltration from the peritoneal dissemination...
January 2018: Case Reports in Oncology
Craigan Usher, Andie Thompson, Meridith Griebeler, Angela Senders, Celeste Seibel, Richard Ly, Charles Murchison, Kirsten Hagen, Keith-Allen Afong, Dennis Bourdette, Rachel Ross, Alena Borgatti, Lynne Shinto
AIM: The primary aim was to demonstrate adherence to a novel 6-week lifestyle intervention program ("Meals, Mindfulness, & Moving Forward" [M3 ]) designed to help improve lifestyle practices of youth with a history of at least 1 psychotic episode. METHODS: M3 used a non-equivalent control group design involving clients from a community early intervention program. Seventeen individuals in the active M3 program and 16 controls were assessed for secondary outcomes at baseline, 6-weeks, and 12-weeks (6 weeks post-intervention) on cardiometabolic and symptomatic outcomes...
March 7, 2018: Early Intervention in Psychiatry
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"