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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29775080/mindfulness-meditation-and-interprofessional-cardiopulmonary-resuscitation-a-mixed-methods-pilot-study
#1
Diana J Kelm, Jennifer L Ridgeway, Becca L Gas, Monali Mohan, David A Cook, Darlene R Nelson, Roberto P Benzo
PROBLEM: Mindfulness training includes mindfulness meditation, which has been shown to improve both attention and self-awareness. Medical providers in the intensive care unit often deal with difficult situations with strong emotions, life-and-death decisions, and both interpersonal and interprofessional conflicts. The effect of mindfulness meditation training on healthcare providers during acute care tasks such as cardiopulmonary resuscitation remains unknown. Mindfulness meditation has the potential to improve provider well-being and reduce stress in individuals involved in resuscitation teams, which could then translate into better team communication and delivery of care under stress...
May 18, 2018: Teaching and Learning in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29771221/hey-wait-i-just-thought-of-something-else-advaita-and-clinical-hypnosis
#2
Jon K Amundson, Marc W Ross, Debra Campbell
While much has been made of the value of Buddhist mindfulness in clinical treatment, little attention has been given over to its parallels, if not antecedents in Hindu philosophy. Buddhist traditions in the vipassana, ch'an and zen tradition, and the practices associated, find their roots in Advaita philosophy and practice. This article looks at the useful/effective nature of Advaita and its specific application in clinical hypnosis. The linkage between traditional wisdom sources, psychological investigations of the self and contemporary hypnosis is articulated in the article which follows, and a case example, regarding clinical application, is provided...
July 2018: American Journal of Clinical Hypnosis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29771220/mindful-self-hypnosis-for-self-care-an-integrative-model-and-illustrative-case-example
#3
Gary R Elkins, R Lynae Roberts, Lauren Simicich
The combination of mindfulness and self-hypnosis could provide a tool that is easily implemented by individuals who want to care for their well-being in times of high stress. Each discipline has been shown to be effective in relieving stress, and integration could further facilitate change while creating a tool that is highly accessible. There are many similarities between the two practices, such as focusing of attention and the emphasis on mind-body connection. However, important distinctions in psychological (e...
July 2018: American Journal of Clinical Hypnosis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29770966/grandmother-s-support-for-new-mothers-in-japan
#4
Rie Matsui, Yumi Sato
OBJECTIVES: This study was designed to describe grandmothers' intentions regarding providing satisfactory infant care support for new mothers. DESIGN AND SAMPLE: Qualitative inductive analysis was performed using semistructured interviews conducted with 19 pairs of grandmothers and new mothers with one child aged 3-4 months old. RESULTS: Support that satisfied the new mothers was categorized into five concepts, which included support activities such as "minding the grandchild" and "supporting family life"...
May 17, 2018: Public Health Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29765313/can-tai-chi-and-qigong-postures-shape-our-mood-toward-an-embodied-cognition-framework-for-mind-body-research
#5
Kamila Osypiuk, Evan Thompson, Peter M Wayne
Dynamic and static body postures are a defining characteristic of mind-body practices such as Tai Chi and Qigong (TCQ). A growing body of evidence supports the hypothesis that TCQ may be beneficial for psychological health, including management and prevention of depression and anxiety. Although a variety of causal factors have been identified as potential mediators of such health benefits, physical posture, despite its visible prominence, has been largely overlooked. We hypothesize that body posture while standing and/or moving may be a key therapeutic element mediating the influence of TCQ on psychological health...
2018: Frontiers in Human Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29764877/efficacy-of-practising-tai-chi-for-older-people-with-mild-dementia-protocol-for-a-randomised-controlled-study
#6
Jihui Lyu, Wenjie Li, Xiangjiang Rong, Lian Wei, Nayan Huang, Mei Champ, Qian Xiong, Xueli Chen, Mo Li, Fangling Li
INTRODUCTION: Many studies suggest that Tai Chi exercise is a safe and appropriate mind-body exercise for older people and effectively slows down age-related cognitive decline. A set of bespoke Tai Chi exercise named 'Cognition Protecting Tai Chi' (CPT) has been created for older people with cognitive impairments by the research team of geriatricians, neurologists, rehabilitation specialists, experts of sports medicine and experienced practitioners of traditional Chinese medicine. This trial is designed to evaluate its effects on cognitive function, behaviour/moods, risk of falls and activities of daily living of the participants with mild dementia...
May 14, 2018: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29764800/mindfulness-based-symptom-and-stress-management-apps-for-adults-with-chronic-lung-disease-systematic-search-in-app-stores
#7
REVIEW
Otis L Owens, Jenay M Beer, Ligia I Reyes, David G Gallerani, Amanda R Myhren-Bennett, Karen K McDonnell
BACKGROUND: Up to 70% of lung cancer survivors are affected by chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD), a common, debilitating, comorbid disease. Lung cancer and COPD are both characterized by symptoms such as breathlessness, fatigue, and psychological distress. These distressing chronic symptoms are exacerbated by stress and detract from an individual's quality of life. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to identify and evaluate evidence-based, commercially available apps for promoting mindfulness-based strategies among adults with a COPD or lung cancer history (ie, chronic lung disease)...
May 15, 2018: JMIR MHealth and UHealth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29760033/the-mid-career-demon
#8
Timothy P Daaleman
For several months I have been trying to tag a greyness that has shaded my doctoring. I was not burned out but uncovered the desert experience of mind and soul known as acedia, which is called the noonday demon because it vexes those in the mid-stages of life. Grappling with the noonday demon has upended all of my assumptions about the workings of hope in the practice of medicine. For me, hope is no longer the anticipation of a positive outcome, or the warm feeling associated with the validation of a correct diagnosis, or the conclusion of successful treatment...
May 2018: Annals of Family Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29755228/effect-of-1-week-yoga-based-residential-program-on-cardiovascular-variables-of-hypertensive-patients-a-comparative-study
#9
Kashinath G Metri, Balaram Pradhan, Amit Singh, H R Nagendra
Introduction: Hypertension (HTN) is an important public health concern and a leading cause of morbidity and mortality worldwide. Yoga is a form of mind-body medicine shown to be effective in controlling blood pressure (BP) and reduces cardiac risk factors in HTN. Integrated approach of Yoga therapy (IAYT) is a residential yoga-based lifestyle intervention proven to be beneficial in several health conditions. Aim: To study the efficacy of 1 week of residential IAYT intervention on cardiovascular parameters in hypertensive patients...
May 2018: International Journal of Yoga
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29752225/mindfulness-based-programme-on-the-psychological-health-of-pregnant-women
#10
Wan-Lin Pan, Meei-Ling Gau, Tzu-Ying Lee, Hei-Jen Jou, Chieh-Yu Liu, Tzung-Kuen Wen
PROBLEM: Preparation of psychological well-being is an important component of antenatal education for childbirth, but few courses focus on this component. BACKGROUND: The psychosocial health of pregnant women is known to affect perinatal outcomes. Psychosocial stress in women has been associated with increased obstetric interventions and has been shown to affect the health of both mother and child. AIM: To explore the efficacy of an eight-week Mindfulness-Based Childbirth and Parenting programme on reducing prenatal stress, depression, mindfulness, and childbirth self-efficacy...
May 8, 2018: Women and Birth: Journal of the Australian College of Midwives
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29750061/changing-patient-safety-culture-in-china-a-case-study-of-an-experimental-chinese-hospital-from-a-comparative-perspective
#11
Xiao Ping Xu, Dong Ning Deng, Yong Hong Gu, Chui Shan Ng, Xiao Cai, Jun Xu, Xin Shi Zhang, Dong Ge Ke, Qian Hui Yu, Chi Kuen Chan
Background: The World Health Organization highlights that patient safety interventions are not lacking but that the local context affects their successful implementation. Increasing attention is being paid to patient safety in Mainland China, yet few studies focus on patient safety in organizations with mixed cultures. This paper evaluates the current patient safety culture in an experimental Chinese hospital with a Hong Kong hospital management culture, and it aims to explore the application of Hong Kong's patient safety strategies in the context of Mainland China...
2018: Risk Management and Healthcare Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29744965/mind-body-interventions-for-fear-of-cancer-recurrence-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#12
REVIEW
Daniel L Hall, Christina M Luberto, Lisa L Philpotts, Rhayun Song, Elyse R Park, Gloria Y Yeh
OBJECTIVE: Fear of cancer recurrence (FCR) is a common existential concern and source of distress among adults with a cancer history. Multiple randomized controlled trials (RCTs) have examined mind-body approaches to mitigating FCR. We summarized characteristics of these trials and calculated their pooled effects on decreasing FCR. METHODS: Six electronic databases were systematically searched from inception to May 2017, using a strategy that included multiple terms for RCTs, cancer, mind-body medicine, and FCR...
May 10, 2018: Psycho-oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29744772/a-systematic-review-of-the-effectiveness-of-psychological-treatments-for-ibs-in-gastroenterology-settings-promising-but-in-need-of-further-study
#13
REVIEW
Elyse R Thakur, Jordan Shapiro, Johanna Chan, Mark A Lumley, Jeffrey A Cully, Andrea Bradford, Hashem B El-Serag
BACKGROUND: Psychological treatments are efficacious for irritable bowel syndrome (IBS) in clinical trials; however, their effectiveness when conducted in gastroenterology practice settings is unclear. AIM: To perform a systematic review of the types and effects of psychological treatments for IBS conducted in gastroenterology clinics. METHODS: We searched PubMed, EMBASE, and Cochrane central register. Studies conducted in gastroenterology clinic settings with IBS patients who were clinically referred from gastroenterology were included...
May 10, 2018: Digestive Diseases and Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29742631/neurobiology-of-trauma-and-mindfulness-for-children
#14
Jaclyn Iacona, Stephanie Johnson
Adverse child experiences (ACEs) have a significant impact on developing children, both physically and psychologically, with ongoing consequences that may manifest throughout adulthood. These negative health consequences can be mitigated if a child is given a supportive environment in which to develop healthy coping mechanisms. Those who specialize in caring for children with ACEs must understand the neurobiology of trauma to conceptualize how trauma triggers the brain and body when encountering stressful events...
May 2018: Journal of Trauma Nursing: the Official Journal of the Society of Trauma Nurses
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29740373/a-mindfulness-based-decentering-technique-increases-the-cognitive-accessibility-of-health-and-weight-loss-related-goals
#15
Katy Tapper, Zoyah Ahmed
Previous research has shown that a mindfulness-based decentering technique can help individuals resist eating chocolate over a 5-day period. However, it is unclear how this technique exerts its effect. This study explored one potential mechanism; that decentering increases the cognitive accessibility of relevant goals. Male and female participants ( n = 90) spent 5 min practicing either a decentering or relaxation (control) technique. They then viewed a picture of a chocolate bar for 3 min whilst either applying the decentering technique or letting their mind wander (control)...
2018: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29739634/mindfulness-based-exposure-and-response-prevention-for-obsessive-compulsive-disorder-findings-from-a-pilot-randomised-controlled-trial
#16
Clara Strauss, Laura Lea, Mark Hayward, Elizabeth Forrester, Tamara Leeuwerik, Anna-Marie Jones, Claire Rosten
BACKGROUND: Only about half of people with obsessive compulsive disorder (OCD) show clinically significant improvement following the recommended therapy, exposure and response prevention (ERP), partly due to poor therapy acceptability. A mindfulness-based approach to ERP (MB-ERP) has the potential to improve acceptability and outcomes. METHODS: This was an internal pilot randomised controlled trial (RCT) of group MB-ERP compared to group ERP. 37 participants meeting DSM-IV OCD criteria were randomly allocated to MB-ERP or ERP...
April 30, 2018: Journal of Anxiety Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29735382/evidence-based-nonpharmacologic-strategies-for-comprehensive-pain-care-the-consortium-pain-task-force-white-paper
#17
Heather Tick, Arya Nielsen, Kenneth R Pelletier, Robert Bonakdar, Samantha Simmons, Ronald Glick, Emily Ratner, Russell L Lemmon, Peter Wayne, Veronica Zador
Consortium Pain Taskforce White Paper Summary Evidence-based Nonpharmacologic Strategies for Comprehensive Pain Care Supplementary information can be found in the online version at https://doi.org/10.1016/j.explore.2018.02.001. Medical pain management is in crisis; from the pervasiveness of pain to inadequate pain treatment, from the escalation of prescription opioids to an epidemic in addiction, diversion and overdose deaths. The rising costs of pain care and managing adverse effects of that care have prompted action from state and federal agencies including the DOD, VHA, NIH, FDA and CDC...
March 1, 2018: Explore: the Journal of Science and Healing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29733792/do-positional-variations-of-epididymis-affect-infertility
#18
Emre Can Akınsal, Numan Baydilli, Abdullah Demirtaş, Oğuz Ekmekçioğlu
OBJECTIVE: To determine the ratio of epididymal position variations and whether this had any effect on seminal parameters. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Scrotal examination results and epididymal positions were retrospectively assessed in subjects presenting to our clinic for infertility, varicocele, and sexual developmental delay. Scrotal examination consisted of epididymal position, testicular volumes, and vas deferens and varicocele presence. The subjects were categorized according to sperm counts per mL...
May 2018: Turkish Journal of Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29733220/mindfulness-based-processes-of-healing-for-veterans-with-post-traumatic-stress-disorder
#19
Marc B Schure, Tracy L Simpson, Michelle Martinez, George Sayre, David J Kearney
OBJECTIVE: U.S. veterans are at increased risk of developing post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD). Prior studies suggest a benefit of mindfulness-based stress reduction (MBSR) for PTSD, but the mechanisms through which MBSR reduces PTSD symptoms and improves functional status have received limited empirical inquiry. This study used a qualitative approach to better understand how training in mindfulness affects veterans with PTSD. DESIGN: Qualitative study using semistructured in-depth interviews following participation in an MBSR intervention...
May 7, 2018: Journal of Alternative and Complementary Medicine: Research on Paradigm, Practice, and Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29727887/-food-supplements-considerations-in-medical-practice
#20
Nadiya Bakhiya, Klaus Richter, Rainer Ziegenhagen, Karen I Hirsch-Ernst, Alfonso Lampen
Food supplements in Europe are subject to food safety legislation. They should not be confused with pharmaceuticals. Rather, they are foods, whose purpose is to supplement the normal diet, and represent concentrated sources of nutrients (i. e. vitamins and minerals, including trace elements) or other substances with a nutritional or physiological effect. Nevertheless, it should be kept in mind that consumers may in some cases use food supplements for the purpose of self-medication. In the context of anamnesis, physicians should specifically question their patients about the use of food supplements...
May 2018: Deutsche Medizinische Wochenschrift
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