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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28098712/business-education-for-plastic-surgeons-a-systematic-review-development-and-implementation-of-a-business-principles-curriculum-in-a-residency-program
#1
Bahar Zarrabi, Karen K Burce, Stella M Seal, Scott D Lifchez, Richard J Redett, Kevin Frick, Amir H Dorafshar, Carisa M Cooney
BACKGROUND: Rising healthcare costs, decreasing reimbursement rates, and changes in American healthcare are forcing physicians to become increasingly business-minded. Both academic and private plastic surgeons can benefit from being educated in business principles. We conducted a systematic review to identify existing business curricula and integrated a business principles curriculum into residency training. METHODS: We anonymously surveyed our department regarding perceived importance of business principles and performed a systematic literature review from 1993-2013 using PubMed and Embase to identify residency training programs that had designed/implemented business curricula...
January 13, 2017: Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28096255/sheppheartcabg-trial-comprehensive-early-rehabilitation-after-coronary-artery-bypass-grafting-a-protocol-for-a-randomised-clinical-trial
#2
Ida Elisabeth Højskov, Philip Moons, Niels Viggo Hansen, Søren La Cour, Peter Skov Olsen, Christian Gluud, Per Winkel, Jane Lindschou, Lau Caspar Thygesen, Ingrid Egerod, Selina Kikkenborg Berg
INTRODUCTION: Patients undergoing coronary artery bypass graft surgery often experience a range of symptoms. Studies indicate that non-pharmacological interventions such as exercise training and psychoeducation have a positive physiological and psychological effect in early outpatient rehabilitation. The SheppHeartCABG trial will investigate the effect of early comprehensive rehabilitation in early phase rehabilitation versus usual care. The aim of this paper is to present the protocol for the SheppHeartCABG trial...
January 17, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28096066/-happiness-inventors-informing-positive-computing-technologies-through-participatory-design-with-children
#3
Svetlana Yarosh, Stephen Matthew Schueller
BACKGROUND: Positive psychological interventions for children have typically focused on direct adaptations of interventions developed for adults. As the community moves toward designing positive computing technologies to support child well-being, it is important to use a more participatory process that directly engages children's voices. OBJECTIVE: Our objectives were, through a participatory design study, to understand children's interpretations of positive psychology concepts, as well as their perspectives on technologies that are best suited to enhance their engagement with practice of well-being skills...
January 17, 2017: Journal of Medical Internet Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28088398/mindfulness-based-stress-reduction-for-adolescents-with-functional-somatic-syndromes-a-pilot-cohort-study
#4
Ather Ali, Theresa R Weiss, Anne Dutton, Douglas McKee, Kim D Jones, Susmita Kashikar-Zuck, Wendy K Silverman, Eugene D Shapiro
OBJECTIVE: To assess the feasibility of a mindfulness-based stress reduction (MBSR) program for adolescents with widespread chronic pain and other functional somatic symptoms and to make preliminary assessments of its clinical utility. STUDY DESIGN: Three cohorts of subjects completed an 8-week MBSR program. Child- and parent-completed measures were collected at baseline and 8 and 12 weeks later. Measures included the Functional Disability Inventory (FDI), the Fibromyalgia/Symptom Impact Questionnaire-Revised (FIQR/SIQR), the Pediatric Quality of Life Inventory, the Multidimensional Anxiety Scale (MASC2), and the Perceived Stress Scale...
January 12, 2017: Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28077848/the-economy-of-the-totalitarian-mind-the-case-of-the-immigrant-child
#5
Kathleen Kelley-Lainé
Immigration in early childhood can be considered as a traumatic situation. It often goes unrecognized since children adapt to most conditions and conform to their environment with astonishing agility. Inspired by the sensitive work of Sándor Ferenczi, and Donald Winnicott, regarding the psychic economy of maturational processes, the author explores the concept of totalitarian functioning and its obstruction of the growing psyche. Before birth we are all totalitarian, one with the mother; this symbiotic, invincible state of survival mode is prolonged as the immature newborn child ignores the requirements of reality and enjoys omnipotent pleasure through hallucination...
December 2016: American Journal of Psychoanalysis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28075702/features-of-patient-centered-primary-care-and-the-use-of-ambulatory-care
#6
Paul Wong, Laura Panattoni, Ming Tai-Seale
This study explores the association between patients' use of ambulatory care resources and features of patient-centered primary care (PCPC), specifically clinic-level National Committee for Quality Assurance (NCQA) recognition of PCPC, continuity of care, and care team communication. Data for this study were compiled from the electronic health records of a large multispecialty group practice in California, covering the period between 2009 and 2010 for 37,042 nonelderly patients under capitated managed care plans...
January 11, 2017: Population Health Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28075155/a-qualitative-study-exploring-community-yoga-practice-in-adults-with-rheumatoid-arthritis
#7
Heather M Greysen, S Ryan Greysen, Kathryn A Lee, Oi Saeng Hong, Patricia Katz, Heather Leutwyler
OBJECTIVE: Yoga may improve physical function and reduce disease symptoms in adults with rheumatoid arthritis (RA). However, little is known about how patients with RA are practicing yoga in the community. The objective of this qualitative study was to explore community yoga practice characteristics and thoughts about yoga practice for adults with RA. DESIGN: Participants completed a semi-structured telephone interview with open-ended questions. Thematic analysis was used to analyze interview transcripts...
January 11, 2017: Journal of Alternative and Complementary Medicine: Research on Paradigm, Practice, and Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28072680/translation-and-psychometric-testing-of-the-chinese-version-of-the-multidimensional-assessment-of-interoceptive-awareness
#8
Feng-Lien Lin, Chin-Che Hsu, Wolf Mehling, Mei-Ling Yeh
BACKGROUND: Mind-body interventions are used to alleviate physical and psychological symptoms. The multidimensional assessment of interoceptive awareness (MAIA), which is used to self-report the effects of mind-body interventions, is not currently available in Chinese. PURPOSE: This study aimed to translate the MAIA from English into Chinese (MAIA-C) and to examine the psychometric properties of the MAIA-C. METHODS: This was a methodological study...
February 2017: Journal of Nursing Research: JNR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28070804/toward-mindfulness-in-quality-of-life-research-perspectives-on-how-to-avoid-rigor-becoming-rigidity
#9
Mirjam A G Sprangers, Carolyn E Schwartz
BACKGROUND: The field of quality-of-life (QOL) research has matured into a discipline with scientific rigor, sophisticated methods, and guidelines. While this maturation is laudable and needed, it can result in a limiting rigidity. We aim to highlight examples of practices that are based on shared research values and principles that, when dogmatically applied, may limit the potential impact of QOL research. METHODS: By juxtaposing rigorous standards with their rigid application for different stages of the research cycle, we suggest more balanced approaches...
January 9, 2017: Quality of Life Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28066018/free-your-mind-mindfulness-practice-of-buddhist-philosophy
#10
Sravanti Sanivarapu
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 2016: Indian Journal of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28066012/role-of-mindfulness-in-dissociative-disorders-among-adolescents
#11
Tanya Sharma, Vinod K Sinha, Neha Sayeed
CONTEXT: Dissociation is understood as maladaptive coping and is common in children and adolescents. Treatment outcome studies show improvement in comorbid conditions suggesting the need to implement programs that target dissociative pathology. AIM: To study the effect of practicing mindfulness among adolescents diagnosed with dissociative disorders. SETTINGS AND DESIGN: It was a hospital-based repeated measures design. MATERIALS AND METHODS: 7 adolescents participated in a mindfulness-based therapeutic program for 6 weeks...
July 2016: Indian Journal of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28064385/review-of-yoga-therapy-during-cancer-treatment
#12
REVIEW
Suzanne C Danhauer, Elizabeth L Addington, Stephanie J Sohl, Alejandro Chaoul, Lorenzo Cohen
PURPOSE: Reviews of yoga research that distinguish results of trials conducted during (versus after) cancer treatment are needed to guide future research and clinical practice. We therefore conducted a review of non-randomized studies and randomized controlled trials of yoga interventions for children and adults undergoing treatment for any cancer type. METHODS: Studies were identified via research databases and reference lists. Inclusion criteria were the following: (1) children or adults undergoing cancer treatment, (2) intervention stated as yoga or component of yoga, and (3) publication in English in peer-reviewed journals through October 2015...
January 7, 2017: Supportive Care in Cancer: Official Journal of the Multinational Association of Supportive Care in Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28055821/prevalence-of-mindfulness-practices-in-the-us-workforce-national-health-interview-survey
#13
Diana Kachan, Henry Olano, Stacey L Tannenbaum, Debra W Annane, Ashwin Mehta, Kristopher L Arheart, Lora E Fleming, Xuan Yang, Laura A McClure, David J Lee
INTRODUCTION: Mindfulness-based practices can improve workers' health and reduce employers' costs by ameliorating the negative effect of stress on workers' health. We examined the prevalence of engagement in 4 mindfulness-based practices in the US workforce. METHODS: We used 2002, 2007, and 2012 National Health Interview Survey (NHIS) data for adults (aged ≥18 y, n = 85,004) to examine 12-month engagement in meditation, yoga, tai chi, and qigong among different groups of workers...
January 5, 2017: Preventing Chronic Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28053899/unconventional-medical-practices-among-ghanaian-students-a-university-based-survey
#14
Razak Mohammed Gyasi, Williams Agyemang-Duah, Charlotte Monica Mensah, Francis Arthur, Roselyn Torkornoo, Padmore Adusei Amoah
Research on unconventional medical practices among students has proliferated lately in the global space, hitherto, little is known explicitly in Ghana. This paper teases out insights for recent utilisation patterns of traditional medical therapies at Kwame Nkrumah University of Science and Technology (KNUST), Ghana. A sample of 754, randomly selected undergraduates were involved in a retrospective cross-sectional survey. Data were analysed using multivariate logistic regression and Pearson's χ(2) test with p < 0...
January 2017: Journal of Traditional and Complementary Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28051291/biobanking-in-carotid-artery-disease-translation-to-clinical-practice
#15
Ian D VAN Koeverden, Joyce E Vrijenhoek, Gert J DE Borst, Hester M DEN Ruijter, Gerard Pasterkamp
Biobanking of atherosclerotic tissue samples has contributed to our understanding of vascular occlusive disease. The careful examination of atherosclerotic plaques derived during vascular surgery or autopsies helped shape our minds in understanding the underlying substrate of arterial thrombosis. This review will outline concepts of progression of atherosclerotic disease that have been based on descriptions of human plaque pathology. In addition, we will discuss the current shift in clinical presentation and underlying pathology of acute cerebral and coronary events that asks for a careful consideration of the currently widely applied description of the "vulnerable plaque"...
January 4, 2017: Journal of Cardiovascular Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28047683/we-d-204-01-site-specific-clinical-rotation-into-the-minds-of-the-radiation-oncologists
#16
K Hendrickson
: Speakers in this session will present overview and details of a specific rotation or feature of their Medical Physics Residency Program that is particularly exceptional and noteworthy. The featured rotations include foundational topics executed with exceptional acumen and innovative educational rotations perhaps not commonly found in Medical Physics Residency Programs. A site-specific clinical rotation will be described, where the medical physics resident follows the physician and medical resident for two weeks into patient consultations, simulation sessions, target contouring sessions, planning meetings with dosimetry, patient follow up visits, and tumor boards, to gain insight into the thought processes of the radiation oncologist...
June 2016: Medical Physics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28046821/su-g-201-07-dosimetric-verification-of-a-3d-printed-hdr-skin-brachytherapy-applicator
#17
K Rasmussen, A Baumgarten, D Stanley, C Pelletier, M Corbett, J Jung, Y Feng, Z Huang, A Ju, T Eng, N Kirby, A Gutierrez, S Stathakis, N Papanikolaou
PURPOSE: The use of radiation as a treatment modality for skin cancer has increased significantly over the last decade with standardized applicators. Utilizing 3D printing, the ability to make applicators specifically designed for each patient's anatomy has become economically feasible. With this in mind it was the aim of this study to determine the dosimetric accuracy of a 3-D printed HDR brachytherapy applicator for the skin. METHODS: A CT reference image was used to generate a custom applicator based on an anthropomorphic head and neck phantom...
June 2016: Medical Physics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28046339/su-f-p-51-similarity-analysis-of-the-linear-accelerator-machines-based-on-clinical-simulation
#18
K Li
PURPOSE: To evaluate the clinical rationale for Truebeam and Trilogy Linac machines from Varian Medical System as exchangeable treatment modalities in the same radiation oncology department. METHODS: Intensity Modulated Radiotherapy (IMRT) plans for different diseases were selected for this study. These disease sites included brain, head and neck, breast, lung, and prostate. The parameters selected for this study were the energy amount, Monitor Unit (MU); dose coverage of target reflected by prescription isodose volume(PIV); dose spillage described by the volume of 50% isodoseline of the prescription; and dose homogeneities represented by the maximum dose (MaxD) and the minimum dose (MinD) of target volume (TV) and critical structure (CS)...
June 2016: Medical Physics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28043180/the-effect-of-body-and-mind-stress-releasing-techniques-on-the-breastfeeding-of-full-term-babies-a-critical-analysis-of-published-interventional-studies
#19
Catherine Fotiou, Tania Siahanidou, Petros V Vlastarakos, Evangelia Filothei Tavoulari, George Chrousos
OBJECTIVE: To critically assess the effectiveness of complementary/alternative medicine modalities, comprising body/mind stress-releasing techniques, on the breastfeeding (BF) success of mothers of full-term newborns. METHODS: Literature review in Medline and other available database sources until December 2015, and critical analysis of pooled data. The study selection included randomized-controlled trials, case-control studies, and case-series. RESULTS: The total number of analyzed studies was 9...
January 2, 2017: Journal of Maternal-fetal & Neonatal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28042729/critical-laboratory-values-in-hemostasis-towards-consensus
#20
Giuseppe Lippi, Dorothy Adcock, Ana-Maria Simundic, Armando Tripodi, Emmanuel J Favaloro
The term 'critical values' can be defined to entail laboratory test results which significantly lie outside the normal (reference) range and necessitate immediate reporting to safeguard patient health, as well as those displaying a highly and clinically significant variation compared to previous data. The identification and effective communication of "highly pathological" values has engaged the minds of many clinicians, healthcare and laboratory professionals for decades, since these activities are vital to good laboratory practice...
December 31, 2016: Annals of Medicine
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