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Christoph Sonderegger, László Galgóczy, Sandra Garrigues, Ádám Fizil, Attila Borics, Paloma Manzanares, Nikoletta Hegedüs, Anna Huber, Jose F Marcos, Gyula Batta, Florentine Marx
BACKGROUND: Small, cysteine-rich and cationic antifungal proteins (APs) from filamentous ascomycetes, such as NFAP from Neosartorya fischeri and PAF from Penicillium chrysogenum, are promising candidates for novel drug development. A prerequisite for their application is a detailed knowledge about their structure-function relation and mode of action, which would allow protein modelling to enhance their toxicity and specificity. Technologies for structure analyses, such as electronic circular dichroism (ECD) or NMR spectroscopy, require highly purified samples and in case of NMR milligrams of uniformly (15)N-/(13)C-isotope labelled protein...
November 11, 2016: Microbial Cell Factories
Oue-Artorn Rajachan, Kwanjai Kanokmedhakul, Wareerat Sanmanoch, Sophon Boonlue, Supa Hannongbua, Patchreenart Saparpakorn, Somdej Kanokmedhakul
Four meroterpenoids, 1-hydroxychevalone C, 1-acetoxychevalone C, 1,11-dihydroxychevalone C, and 11-hydroxychevalone C and two ester epimers, 2S,4S-spinosate and 2S,4R-spinosate, together with seven known compounds, chevalones B, C, and E, tryptoquivaline, nortryptoquivaline, tryptoquivaline L, and quinadoline A were isolated from the fungus Neosartorya spinosa. Their structures were established based on spectroscopic data analyses. The theoretical ECD spectra of epimers, 2S,4S-spinosate and 2S,4R-spinosate were calculated to support the experimental results of their CD spectra...
September 25, 2016: Phytochemistry
Fuyuki Aoyama, Takahisa Miyamoto
Filamentous fungi were isolated from the indoor environment of a soft drink manufacturing plant and ordinary residences. The isolated strains were identified based on morphological observation and the nucleotide sequences of the region near the D2 region of the 26S rDNA. Three genera (Aspergillus, Penicillium, and Cladosporium) accounted for 48.1% of the fungal strains detected in the manufacturing plant and 75.3% in residences. A DNA array for identification of 15 genera and 26 species of filamentous fungi that were most frequently isolated from the manufacturing plant was developed...
2016: Biocontrol Science
Liliána Tóth, Zoltán Kele, Attila Borics, László G Nagy, Györgyi Váradi, Máté Virágh, Miklós Takó, Csaba Vágvölgyi, László Galgóczy
The increasing incidence of fungal infections and damages due to drug-resistant fungi urges the development of new antifungal strategies. The cysteine-rich antifungal proteins from filamentous ascomycetes provide a feasible base for protection against molds due to their potent antifungal activity on them. In contrast to this, they show no or weak activity on yeasts, hence their applicability against this group of fungi is questionable. In the present study a 5.6 kDa anti-yeast protein (NFAP2) is isolated, identified and characterized from the ferment broth of Neosartorya fischeri NRRL 181...
December 2016: AMB Express
M Prata-Sena, A A Ramos, S Buttachon, B Castro-Carvalho, P Marques, T Dethoup, A Kijjoa, E Rocha
Compounds isolated from the marine sea fan-derived fungus Neosartorya siamensis (KUFA 0017), namely, 2,4-dihydroxy-3-methylacetophenon (1), chevalone C (2), nortryptoquivaline (4), tryptoquivaline H (6), tryptoquivaline F (7), fiscalin A (8), epi-fiscalin A (9), epi-neofiscalin A (11) and epi-fiscalin C (13) were tested for anti-proliferative activity by MTT assay, DNA damage induction by comet assay, and induction of cell death by nuclear condensation assay on colon HCT116, liver HepG2 and melanoma A375 cancer cell lines...
August 17, 2016: Phytotherapy Research: PTR
Qiaoqiao Sun, Hui Wang, Huitu Zhang, Huiying Luo, Pengjun Shi, Yingguo Bai, Fuping Lu, Bin Yao, Huoqing Huang
Thermophilic Neosartorya fischeri P1 is an excellent lipase producer and harbors seven lipase genes. All genes were found to be functional after heterologous expression in Escherichia coli. One of them, LIP09, showed high-level expression in Pichia pastoris with the yield of 2.0 g/L in a 3.7-L fermentor. Deduced amino acid sequence of LIP09 consists of a putative signal peptide (residues 1-19) and a mature polypeptide (residues 20-562). Compared with other fungal counterparts, purified recombinant LIP09 has some superior properties...
August 5, 2016: Journal of Bioscience and Bioengineering
V Jhansi Lakshmi, K P Kannan
An indigenous fungal strain was isolated from Indian Kolar Gold Field mine soil. The isolate was heterothallic, branched septate, deeply floccose, fast-growing, dull green with white background conidial columnar mycelium from Aspergillus section Fumigati. Diverse metabolic patterns of the isolate exhibit high metal, thermal resistance which grews well from 28 ± 1 degrees C to 37 degrees C and pH concentration was significant on the growth of isolate. Phylogenetic analysis of 16srRNA β-Tubulin gene sequence established relationship among isolate and other taxa...
July 2016: Journal of Environmental Biology
War War May Zin, Suradet Buttachon, Tida Dethoup, Carla Fernandes, Sara Cravo, Madalena M M Pinto, Luís Gales, José A Pereira, Artur M S Silva, Nazim Sekeroglu, Anake Kijjoa
Two new cyclotetrapeptides, sartoryglabramides A (5) and B (6), and a new analog of fellutanine A (8) were isolated, together with six known compounds including ergosta-4, 6, 8 (14), 22-tetraen-3-one, ergosterol 5, 8-endoperoxide, helvolic acid, aszonalenin (1), (3R)-3-(1H-indol-3-ylmethyl)-3,4-dihydro-1H-1,4-benzodiazepine-2,5-dione (2), takakiamide (3), (11aR)-2,3-dihydro-1H-pyrrolo[2,1-c][1,4]benzodiazepine-5,11(10H,11aH)-dione (4), and fellutanine A (7), from the ethyl acetate extract of the culture of the marine sponge-associated fungus Neosartorya glabra KUFA 0702...
2016: Marine Drugs
Chadaporn Prompanya, Tida Dethoup, Luís Gales, Michael Lee, José A C Pereira, Artur M S Silva, Madalena M M Pinto, Anake Kijjoa
Two new pentaketides, including a new benzofuran-1-one derivative (1) and a new isochromen-1-one (5), and seven new benzoic acid derivatives, including two new benzopyran derivatives (2a, b), a new benzoxepine derivative (3), two new chromen-4-one derivatives (4b, 7) and two new benzofuran derivatives (6a, b), were isolated, together with the previously reported 2,3-dihydro-6-hydroxy-2,2-dimethyl-4H-1-benzopyran-4-one (4a), from the culture of the marine sponge-associated fungus Neosartorya quadricincta KUFA 0081...
2016: Marine Drugs
Xianli Xue, Yilan Wu, Xing Qin, Rui Ma, Huiying Luo, Xiaoyun Su, Bin Yao
BACKGROUND: The filamentous fungus Trichoderma reesei has the capacity to secret large amounts of cellulase and is widely used in a variety of industries. However, the T. reesei cellulase is weak in β-glucosidase activity, which results in accumulation of cellobiose inhibiting the endo- and exo-cellulases. By expressing an exogenous β-glucosidase gene, the recombinant T. reesei cellulase is expected to degrade cellulose into glucose more efficiently. RESULTS: The thermophilic β-glucosidase NfBgl3A from Neosartorya fischeri is chosen for overexpression in T...
2016: Microbial Cell Factories
Lucinda J Bessa, Suradet Buttachon, Tida Dethoup, Rosário Martins, Vitor Vasconcelos, Anake Kijjoa, Paulo Martins da Costa
Ten indole alkaloids were obtained from the marine sponge-associated fungus Neosartorya siamensis KUFA 0017. We studied the antimicrobial properties of these and of three other compounds previously isolated from the soil fungus N. siamensis KUFC 6349. Only neofiscalin A showed antimicrobial activity against Gram-positive bacteria, including methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) and vancomycin-resistant Enterococcus faecalis (VRE); with a minimum inhibitory concentration (MIC) of 8 μg mL(-1) against both strains...
August 2016: FEMS Microbiology Letters
Frédéric Lamoth
Aspergillus fumigatus is the main etiologic agent of invasive aspergillosis (IA). Other Aspergillus species belonging to the section Fumigati (A. fumigatus complex) may occasionally be the cause of IA. These strains are often misidentified, as they cannot be distinguished from A. fumigatus by conventional morphological analysis and sequencing methods. This lack of recognition may have important consequences as these A. fumigatus-related species often display some level of intrinsic resistance to azoles and other antifungal drugs...
2016: Frontiers in Microbiology
Yulia Bilovol, Daniel G Panaccione
Bioactive ergot alkaloids produced by several species of fungi are important molecules in agriculture and medicine. Much of the ergot alkaloid pathway has been elucidated, but a few steps, including the gene controlling hydroxylation of festuclavine to fumigaclavine B, remain unsolved. Festuclavine is a key intermediate in the fumigaclavine branch of the ergot alkaloid pathway of the opportunistic pathogen Neosartorya fumigata and also in the dihydrolysergic acid-based ergot alkaloid pathway of certain Claviceps species...
November 2016: Current Genetics
Birgitte Andersen, Ina Dosen, Anna Malgorzata Lewinska, Kristian Fog Nielsen
Gypsum wallboard is a popular building material, but is also very frequently overgrown by Stachybotrys chartarum after severe and/or undetected water damage. The purpose of this study was to determine if Stachybotrys and other fungi frequently isolated from wet gypsum wallboard are already present in the panels directly from the factory. Surface disinfected gypsum discs were wetted with sterile water, sealed and incubated for 70 days. The results showed that Neosartorya hiratsukae (≡ Aspergillus hiratsukae) was the most dominant fungus on the gypsum wallboard followed by Chaetomium globosum and Stachybotrys chartarum...
March 11, 2016: Indoor Air
Rodrigo Cruz, Eduardo Piontelli
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 2016: Revista Chilena de Infectología: órgano Oficial de la Sociedad Chilena de Infectología
Alice Abreu Ramos, Bruno Castro-Carvalho, Maria Prata-Sena, Tida Dethoup, Suradet Buttachon, Anake Kijjoa, Eduardo Rocha
BACKGROUND: The crude ethyl acetate extracts of marine-derived fungi Neosartorya tsunodae KUFC 9213 (E1) and N. laciniosa KUFC 7896 (E2), and soil fungus N. fischeri KUFC 6344 (E3) were evaluated for their in vitro anticancer activities on a panel of seven human cancer cell lines. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The 3-(4,5-dimethylthiazol-2-yl)-2,5-diphenyltetrazolium bromide assay was performed, after 48 h treatments with different concentrations of extracts, to determine their concentration of the extract or Dox that inhibits cell viability by 50% for each cell line...
January 2016: Pharmacognosy Research
War War May Zin, Chadaporn Prompanya, Suradet Buttachon, Anake Kijjoa
BACKGROUND: Fungi are microorganisms which can produce interesting secondary metabolites with structural diversity. Although terrestrial fungi have been extensively investigated for their bioactive secondary metabolites such as antibiotics, marine-derived fungi have only recently attracted attention of Natural Products chemists. METHODS: Our group has been working on the secondary metabolites produced by the cultures of the fungi of the genera Neosartorya and Aspergillus, collected from soil and marine environments from the tropical region for the purpose of finding new leads for anticancer and antibacterial drugs...
2016: Current Drug Delivery
E Lorena Hernández-López, Lucia Perezgasga, Alejandro Huerta-Saquero, Rosa Mouriño-Pérez, Rafael Vazquez-Duhalt
Neosartorya fischeri, an Aspergillaceae fungus, was evaluated in its capacity to transform high molecular weight polycyclic aromatics hydrocarbons (HMW-PAHs) and the recalcitrant fraction of petroleum, the asphaltenes. N. fischeri was able to grow in these compounds as sole carbon source. Coronene, benzo(g,h,i)perylene, and indeno(1,2,3-c,d)pyrene, together with the asphaltenes, were assayed for fungal biotransformation. The transformation of the asphaltenes and HMW-PAHs was confirmed by reverse-phase high-performance liquid chromatography (HPLC), nano-LC mass spectrometry, and IR spectrometry...
June 2016: Environmental Science and Pollution Research International
Jacek Panek, Magdalena Frąc, Nina Bilińska-Wielgus
Spoilage of heat processed food and beverage by heat resistant fungi (HRF) is a major problem for food industry in many countries. Neosartorya fischeri is the leading source of spoilage in thermally processed products. Its resistance to heat processing and toxigenicity makes studies about Neosartorya fischeri metabolism and chemical sensitivity essential. In this study chemical sensitivity of two environmental Neosartorya fischeri isolates were compared. One was isolated from canned apples in 1923 (DSM3700), the other from thermal processed strawberry product in 2012 (KC179765), used as long-stored and fresh isolate, respectively...
2016: PloS One
Guihong Yu, Guoliang Zhou, Meilin Zhu, Wei Wang, Tianjiao Zhu, Qianqun Gu, Dehai Li
Neosartoryadins A (1) and B (2), both with a unique 6/6/6/5 quinazoline ring system connected directly to a 6/5/5 imidazoindolone ring, together with three biogenetically related compounds 3-5, were isolated from the endophytic fungus Neosartorya udagawae HDN13-313. The absolute configurations of new compounds 1-4 were established. Compounds 1 and 2 displayed anti-influenza virus A (H1N1) activities with IC50 values of 66 and 58 μM, respectively (ribavirin as positive control, IC50 = 94 μM).
January 15, 2016: Organic Letters
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