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Speech-language pathology

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28319481/application-of-telepractice-for-head-and-neck-cancer-management-a-review-of-speech-language-pathology-service-models
#1
Elizabeth C Ward, Laurelie R Wall, Clare L Burns, Bena Cartmill, Anne J Hill
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Head and neck cancer (HNC) is a complex and heterogeneous disease, requiring specialist intervention from a multidisciplinary team including speech language pathology (SLP). Unfortunately, multiple patient and service-related challenges exist which currently limit equitable access to SLP support for all individuals. This review highlights the existing evidence for different telepractice models designed to help patients and services optimize management of swallowing and communication disorders arising from HNC...
March 17, 2017: Current Opinion in Otolaryngology & Head and Neck Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28296521/speech-language-pathology-intervention-in-a-youth-justice-setting-benefits-perceived-by-staff-extend-beyond-communication
#2
Pamela C Snow, Kerryn Bagley, Donna White
PURPOSE: Young people in youth justice (YJ) settings face high-risk for unidentified language disorder, however, speech-language pathology (SLP) services are not routinely offered in such settings. The aim of this study was to explore and describe the perceptions and experiences of YJ staff in a custodial centre of the utility of having a speech-language pathologist working with young offenders. METHOD: Following a SLP intervention trial, two staff focus groups were conducted by an independent SLP...
March 15, 2017: International Journal of Speech-language Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28288518/the-confidence-and-knowledge-of-health-practitioners-when-interacting-with-people-with-aphasia-in-a-hospital-setting
#3
Ashley Cameron, Steven McPhail, Kyla Hudson, Jennifer Fleming, Jennifer Lethlean, Ngang Ju Tan, Emma Finch
PURPOSE: The aim of the study was to describe and compare the confidence and knowledge of health professionals (HPs) with and without specialized speech-language training for communicating with people with aphasia (PWA) in a metropolitan hospital setting. METHODS: Ninety HPs from multidisciplinary teams completed a customized survey to identify their demographic information, knowledge of aphasia, current use of supported conversation strategies and overall communication confidence when interacting with PWA using a 100 mm visual analogue scale (VAS) to rate open-ended questions...
March 13, 2017: Disability and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28264593/culturally-and-linguistically-diverse-students-in-speech-language-pathology-courses-a-platform-for-culturally-responsive-services
#4
Stacie Attrill, Michelle Lincoln, Sue McAllister
PURPOSE: Increasing the proportion of culturally and linguistically diverse (CALD) students and providing intercultural learning opportunities for all students are two strategies identified to facilitate greater access to culturally responsive speech-language pathology services. To enact these strategies, more information is needed about student diversity. This study collected descriptive information about CALD speech-language pathology students in Australia. METHOD: Cultural and linguistic background information was collected through surveying 854 domestic and international speech-language pathology students from three Australian universities...
March 7, 2017: International Journal of Speech-language Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28264584/clinicians-perspectives-of-therapeutic-alliance-in-face-to-face-and-telepractice-speech-language-pathology-sessions
#5
Anneka Freckmann, Monique Hines, Michelle Lincoln
PURPOSE: To investigate the face validity of a measure of therapeutic alliance for paediatric speech-language pathology and to determine whether a difference exists in therapeutic alliance reported by speech-language pathologists (SLPs) conducting face-to-face sessions, compared with telepractice SLPs or in their ratings of confidence with technology. METHOD: SLPs conducting telepractice (n = 14) or face-to-face therapy (n = 18) completed an online survey which included the Therapeutic Alliance Scales for Children - Revised (TASC-r) (Therapist Form) to rate clinicians' perceptions of rapport with up to three clients...
March 7, 2017: International Journal of Speech-language Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28208171/update-on-didactic-and-clinical-education-in-fluency-disorders-2013-2014
#6
J Scott Yaruss, Jieun Lee, Kaya B Kikani, Paula Leslie, Caryn Herring, Sujini Ramachandar, Seth Tichenor, Robert W Quesal, Malcolm R McNeil
Purpose: This study surveyed didactic and clinical education in fluency disorders at undergraduate and graduate institutions in the United States that provide education in speech-language pathology to determine whether a previously observed reduction in requirements has continued since prior surveys (Yaruss, 1999; Yaruss & Quesal, 2002). Method: The study involved a detailed questionnaire that was sent to 282 communication science and disorders departments. Questions examined didactic and clinical education, as well as faculty knowledge about fluency disorders...
February 1, 2017: American Journal of Speech-language Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28163193/the-neuropathological-signature-of-bulbar-onset-als-a-systematic-review
#7
REVIEW
S Shellikeri, V Karthikeyan, R Martino, S E Black, L Zinman, J Keith, Y Yunusova
ALS is a multisystem disorder affecting motor and cognitive functions. Bulbar-onset ALS (bALS) may be preferentially associated with cognitive and language impairments, compared with spinal-onset ALS (sALS), stemming from a potentially unique neuropathology. The objective of this systematic review was to compare neuropathology findings reported for bALS and sALS subtypes in studies of cadaveric brains. Using Cochrane guidelines, we reviewed articles in MEDLINE, Embase, and PsycINFO databases using standardized search terms for ALS and neuropathology, from inception until July 16th 2016...
February 2, 2017: Neuroscience and Biobehavioral Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28148461/measuring-quality-of-life-in-pediatric-paradoxical-vocal-fold-motion-using-the-sf-36v2
#8
Kershena S Liao, Paul E Kwak, Hazel Hewitt, Sarah Hollas, Julina Ongkasuwan
OBJECTIVES: Paradoxical vocal fold motion (PVFM) consists of intermittent adduction of the vocal folds during inspiration, resulting in stridor and worsened by anxiety and stress. The purpose of this study was to assess the impact of PVFM on quality of life in our pediatric patient population. STUDY DESIGN: This is a prospective, descriptive survey study. METHODS: Thirty-nine consecutive patients (ages 12-17 years) presenting with a PVFM diagnosis for respiratory retraining sessions with speech-language pathology were recruited...
January 30, 2017: Journal of Voice: Official Journal of the Voice Foundation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28124065/measuring-clinician-client-relationships-in-speech-language-treatment-for-school-age-children
#9
Kerry Danahy Ebert
Purpose: Clinician-client relationships may influence treatment success in speech-language pathology, but there are no established tools for measuring these relationships. This study describes the development and application of a set of scales for assessing clinician-client relationships in children's speech-language treatment. Method: Twenty-two triads of participants completed a longitudinal study. Each triad had 1 school-age child enrolled in speech-language treatment, 1 caregiver, and 1 speech-language pathologist (SLP)...
February 1, 2017: American Journal of Speech-language Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28007326/unilateral-vocal-fold-paralysis-a-systematic-review-of-speech-language-pathology-management
#10
REVIEW
Chloe Walton, Erin Conway, Helen Blackshaw, Paul Carding
OBJECTIVES: Dysphonia due to unilateral vocal fold paralysis (UVFP) can be characterized by hoarseness and weakness, resulting in a significant impact on patients' activity and participation. Voice therapy provided by a speech-language pathologist is designed to maximize vocal function and improve quality of life. The purpose of this paper is to systematically review literature surrounding the effectiveness of speech-language pathology intervention for the management of UVFP in adults...
December 19, 2016: Journal of Voice: Official Journal of the Voice Foundation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28001275/speech-language-pathology-findings-in-attention-deficit-hyperactivity-disorder-a-systematic-literature-review
#11
Nárli Machado-Nascimento, Arthur Melo E Kümmer, Stela Maris Aguiar Lemos
Purpose: To systematically review the scientific production on the relationship between Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) and Speech-language Pathology and to methodologically analyze the observational studies on the theme. Research strategies: Systematic review of the literature conducted at the databases Medical Literature Analysis and Retrieval System online (MEDLINE, USA), Literature of Latin America and the Caribbean Health Sciences (LILACS, Brazil) and Spanish Bibliographic Index of Health Sciences (IBECS, Spain) using the descriptors: "Language", "Language Development", "Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder", "ADHD" and "Auditory Perception"...
November 2016: CoDAS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28001273/effect-of-speech-language-therapy-after-low-level-laser-therapy-in-patients-with-tmd-a-descriptive-study
#12
Melissa de Oliveira Melchior, Bárbara Cristina Zanandréa Machado, Lais Valencise Magri, Marcelo Oliveira Mazzetto
Increased pain and/or discomfort during chewing, speaking, and swallowing have been commonly reported by patients with Temporomandibular Dysfunction (TMD). Speech-language pathology therapy (orofacial myofunctional therapy - OMT) has been proposed as part of the treatment for this condition; however, it is a modality that should be introduced when the TMD context and the pain are not accentuated, so that they do not prevent or hinder the performance of exercises. The aim of this study was to analyze the effect of OMT on the treatment of patients with TMD, according to the Research Diagnostic Criteria for Temporomandibular Disorders (RDC/TMD), after analgesia with low-level laser therapy (LLLT), regarding orofacial myofunctional conditions (OMC) and the perception of TMD symptoms...
November 2016: CoDAS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28001270/speech-language-pathology-assessment-for-tracheal-decannulation-in-patients-suffering-from-traumatic-brain-injury
#13
Isabel de Lima Zanata, Rosane Sampaio Santos, Jair Mendes Marques, Gisela Carmona Hirata, Daiane Aparecida Dos Santos
Purpose: To describe the effect of Speech-Language Pathology (SLP) management on the tracheal decannulation process in patients with traumatic brain injury (TBI). Methods: Prospective controlled clinical study. Two groups of patients with TBI confirmed by computed axial tomography were included in the study group (G1) and control group (G2) composed of 30 individuals each, with 25 (83.3%) male and 5 (16.7%) female individuals in both groups. Patients' age ranged from 18 to 53 years old - mean age was 32 years...
November 2016: CoDAS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27993499/a-cepstral-analysis-of-normal-and-pathologic-voice-qualities-in-iranian-adults-a-comparative-study
#14
Arezoo Hasanvand, Abolfazl Salehi, Mona Ebrahimipour
INTRODUCTION: The use of frequency-based analysis as an accurate method of voice analysis motivated us to evaluate the voice qualities of healthy versus dysphonic Iranian people. METHODS: Two hundred normal and dysphonic participants aged between 20 and 50 years in either gender were divided into four different equal groups. For the tasks, 5-second prolongation of vowel /a/ and a sample of reading text were used for the analysis. "Speech Tool" software was employed for Cepstral peak prominence (CPP) and cepstral peak prominence-smoothed (CPPS) analyses...
December 16, 2016: Journal of Voice: Official Journal of the Voice Foundation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27982249/factors-associated-with-speech-language-disorders-in-motorcycle-accident-victims
#15
Maria Gabriella Pacheco da Silva, Vanessa de Lima Silva, Mirella Rodrigues Bezerra Vilela, Adriana de Oliveira Camargo Gomes, Ilka Veras Falcão, Ana Karina Pessoa da Silva Cabral, Maria Luiza Lopes Timóteo de Lima
Purpose: To investigate factors associated with speech-language disorders in victims of motorcycle accidents. Methods: This is a cross-sectional study. Victims of motorcycle accidents studied were treated at Hospital da Restauração between June and July 2014. The data were collected by consulting the records and direct interviews with these, at admission and after discharge. For analysis were raised single frequencies, average and chi-square test or Fisher's exact test...
November 2016: CoDAS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27967287/early-therapy-services-following-neonatal-intensive-care-unit-discharge
#16
Odochi Nwabara, Cynthia Rogers, Terrie Inder, Roberta Pineda
AIMS: To (1) characterize early therapy services for preterm infants in the first two years of life, and (2) define factors related to accessing early therapy services. METHODS: Therapy utilization after discharge from the neonatal intensive care unit (NICU) was tracked in 57 infants born ≤30 weeks gestation from 2007 to 2010. Participants returned for developmental testing at two years. Factors related to early therapy utilization were explored. RESULTS: Fifty-two (91%) infants received a referral for therapy at NICU discharge but only 44 (77%) received at least one type of therapy during the first two years of life...
December 14, 2016: Physical & Occupational Therapy in Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27942479/posterior-fossa-syndrome-a-narrative-review
#17
REVIEW
Salima S Wahab, Samantha Hettige, Kshtij Mankad, Kristian Aquilina
Posterior fossa syndrome (PFS), or cerebellar mutism syndrome (CMS), is a collection of neurological symptoms that occur following surgical resection of a posterior fossa tumour, and is characterised by either a reduction or an absence of speech. Some authors suggest that CM is only one symptom of the CMS complex that also includes ataxia, hypotonia and irritability as well as cranial nerve deficits, neurobehavioral changes and urinary retention or incontinence. It is seen almost exclusively in children. In 1985 Rekate et al...
October 2016: Quantitative Imaging in Medicine and Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27925608/active-music-therapy-and-physical-improvements-from-rehabilitation-for-neurological-conditions
#18
REVIEW
Demian Leandro Kogutek, Jeffrey David Holmes, Jessica Adrienne Grahn, Sara G Lutz, Emily Ready
Context • A variety of rehabilitation-based interventions are currently available for individuals with physical impairments resulting from neurological conditions, including physiotherapy, occupational therapy, and speech language pathology. Many individuals find participation in those therapies to be challenging. Alternative therapies have emerged as beneficial adjunctive treatments for individuals undergoing neurological rehabilitation, including music therapy (MT). Objective • The study intended to identify and collate systematically the evidence on MT interventions that address physical improvements in a rehabilitative setting...
October 2016: Advances in Mind-body Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27919475/language-disorders-in-multiple-sclerosis-a-systematic-review
#19
REVIEW
Stéphanie Renauld, Lyakout Mohamed-Saïd, Joël Macoir
BACKGROUND: Although cognitive impairments are common in patients with multiple sclerosis (MS), language impairments are not well defined. OBJECTIVE: The goal of this review was to examine the presence and nature of language disorders associated with MS. METHOD: A search of PubMed and PsycINFO databases was conducted using combinations of the following terms: language disorders, language pathology, language impairment, multiple sclerosis, communication, language and speech...
November 2016: Multiple Sclerosis and related Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27899341/quality-of-mobile-phone-and-tablet-mobile-apps-for-speech-sound-disorders-protocol-for-an-evidence-based-appraisal
#20
Lisa M Furlong, Meg E Morris, Shane Erickson, Tanya A Serry
BACKGROUND: Although mobile apps are readily available for speech sound disorders (SSD), their validity has not been systematically evaluated. This evidence-based appraisal will critically review and synthesize current evidence on available therapy apps for use by children with SSD. OBJECTIVE: The main aims are to (1) identify the types of apps currently available for Android and iOS mobile phones and tablets, and (2) to critique their design features and content using a structured quality appraisal tool...
November 29, 2016: JMIR Research Protocols
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