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Speech-language pathology

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28732752/effects-of-voice-therapy-a-comparison-between-individual-and-group-therapy
#1
Malin Abrahamsson, Moa Millgård, Christina Havstam, Lisa Tuomi
OBJECTIVE: The primary aim of this clinical evaluation project is to study the effect of voice therapy given in the speech-language pathology clinic, as individual and group therapy, as well as finding out some of the reasons for not attending the recommended therapy. METHOD: All patients visiting the speech-language department during the study period were asked to participate in a clinical evaluation project. The project included filling out the questionnaire Swedish Voice Handicap Index (VHI-11) twice: at their first visit at the clinic, and approximately 1 year later...
July 18, 2017: Journal of Voice: Official Journal of the Voice Foundation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28726532/local-to-global-working-together-to-meet-the-needs-of-vulnerable-communities
#2
Anne Dressel, Lucy Mkandawire-Valhmu, Ann Dietrich, Ellen Chirwa, Florence Mgawadere, Sylvia Kambalametore, Peninnah Kako
Since 2012, the University of Wisconsin-Milwaukee (UWM) faculty from nursing and physical therapy (PT) have been working together towards a common goal: to meet the healthcare needs of vulnerable populations in Malawi and Milwaukee. Sharing valuable knowledge and understanding one another's professions have allowed us to develop interprofessional education (IPE) learning experiences for students to help identify how quality of life could be improved or enhanced for children and their families across two different geographic spaces, one in rural Malawi and the other in urban Milwaukee...
July 20, 2017: Journal of Interprofessional Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28715548/interprofessional-peer-assisted-learning-as-a-model-of-instruction-in-doctor-of-audiology-programs
#3
Yula C Serpanos, Deborah Senzer, Daryl M Gordon
Purpose: This study reports on interprofessional peer-assisted learning (PAL) as a model of instruction in the preparation of doctoral audiology students. Method: Ten Doctor of Audiology (AuD) students provided training in audiologic screening for 53 graduate speech-language pathology students in 9 individual PAL sessions. Pre- and post-surveys assessed the peer teaching experience for AuD students in 5 areas of their confidence in audiologic screening: knowledge, skill, making a referral based on outcomes, teaching, and supervising...
July 13, 2017: American Journal of Audiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28697652/ask-the-experts-how-to-treat-individuals-with-spatial-neglect-a-survey-study
#4
Peii Chen, Marco Pitteri, Glen Gillen, Harsha Ayyala
PURPOSE: Spatial neglect (SN) impedes rehabilitation success and leaves long-term consequences. We asked experts to provide their opinions in addressing SN by scenario (ideal vs. reality) and by recovery phase (earliest, acute, subacute, and chronic). Experts were individuals who have assessed or treated patients with SN clinically. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This study was conducted using an anonymous survey on the Internet with 189 responders over 3 months. Located in 23 different countries, 127 experts of seven disciplines were included (occupational therapy, physical therapy, nursing, speech and language pathology or therapy, neurology, physical medicine and rehabilitation, and psychology or neuropsychology)...
July 11, 2017: Disability and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28683579/communication-disability-in-fiji-community-self-help-and-help-seeking-support
#5
Suzanne C Hopf, Sharynne McLeod, Sarah H McDonagh, Cen Wang, Epenisa N Rakanace
PURPOSE: To understand how a Fijian community supports people with communication disability (PWCD) and whether their support is associated with participant demographics. METHOD: Thematic analysis of 144 questionnaires that asked about participants' actions to support a fictional child and adult with communication disability. RESULT: Participant responses fell into two categories: what they would do directly (self-help) and people and places where they would seek assistance (help-seeking)...
July 7, 2017: International Journal of Speech-language Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28668643/-she-didn-t-have-a-word-of-english-we-didn-t-have-a-word-of-vietnamese-exploring-parent-experiences-of-communication-with-toddlers-who-were-adopted-internationally
#6
Brid McAndrew, Mary-Pat O Malley-Keighran
The purpose of this study was to explore in detail parents' experiences of communicating with toddlers who were adopted internationally. Often, there is a mismatch between parents and children in terms of language, particularly in the early post-adoption period. There is a gap in the literature regarding parent experiences of this phase of their lives. Changing patterns in international adoption have led to an increase in adoptions of toddlers and older children. Due to institutional care, these toddlers and older children often lack exposure to their native language which may lead to language delay...
June 20, 2017: Journal of Communication Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28665209/speech-language-pathology-in-paediatric-palliative-care-a-scoping-review-of-role-and-practice
#7
Lillian Krikheli, Bernice A Mathisen, Lindsay B Carey
PURPOSE: Attempts have been made within the literature to clarify the role and scope of speech-language pathologists (SLPs) within paediatric palliative care (PPC). As SLP literature regarding adult/geriatric populations is gaining traction, it is fitting to investigate the role of SLPs in the management of infants and children in end-of-life care. METHOD: Arksey and O'Malley's ( 2005 ) scoping review method was utilised for searching multiple databases. Two database searches were undertaken...
June 30, 2017: International Journal of Speech-language Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28657359/social-communication-assessment-during-post-traumatic-amnesia-and-the-post-acute-period-after-traumatic-brain-injury
#8
Joanne Steel, Alison Ferguson, Elizabeth Spencer, Leanne Togher
BACKGROUND: Social communication impairment is a persisting and debilitating consequence of traumatic brain injury (TBI). However, there has been little empirical speech-language pathology (SLP) study focusing on the early stage of recovery after TBI, including during post-traumatic amnesia (PTA). This research reports on social communication presentation and recovery during late PTA and the post-acute period, assessed with standardized measures. METHOD: Using mixed-methods case study research, four participants with severe TBI were assessed with social communication assessment measures over the later stages of PTA and/or at PTA emergence, and at follow-up three months later...
June 28, 2017: Brain Injury: [BI]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28647679/factors-impacting-on-psychological-wellbeing-of-international-students-in-the-health-professions-a-scoping-review
#9
REVIEW
Lisa McKenna, Eddie Robinson, Joy Penman, Danny Hills
BACKGROUND: There are increasing numbers of international students undertaking health professional courses, particularly in Western countries. These courses not only expose students to the usual stresses and strains of academic learning, but also require students to undertake clinical placements and practice-based learning. While much is known about general issues facing international students, less is known about factors that impact on those studying in the health professions. OBJECTIVES: To explore what is known about factors that influence the psychological wellbeing of international students in the health professions...
June 17, 2017: International Journal of Nursing Studies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28637051/teaching-transnasal-endoscopy-to-graduate-students-without-a-hospital-or-simulation-laboratory-pool-noodles-and-cadavers
#10
Shari Salzhauer Berkowitz
Purpose: This study reports on a training opportunity in endoscopy in which speech-language pathology graduate students use inanimate objects and cadavers. Best practices for transnasal endoscopy in vivo require a physician to be nearby, but many graduate programs do not have this access. Method: Endoscopy was offered as a graduate elective. Students (13 women) initially learned to manipulate the endoscope through the lumen of a swimming pool noodle that was embedded with trinkets...
June 20, 2017: American Journal of Speech-language Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28630972/using-the-international-classification-of-functioning-disability-and-health-in-assessment-and-intervention-of-school-aged-children-with-language-impairments
#11
Carol Westby, Karla N Washington
Purpose: The aim of this tutorial is to support speech-language pathologists' (SLPs') application of the International Classification of Functioning, Disability and Health (ICF) in assessment and treatment practices with children with language impairment. Method: This tutorial reviews the framework of the ICF, describes the implications of the ICF for SLPs, distinguishes between students' capacity to perform a skill in a structured context and the actual performance of that skill in naturalistic contexts, and provides a case study of an elementary school child to demonstrate how the principles of the ICF can guide assessment and intervention...
July 26, 2017: Language, Speech, and Hearing Services in Schools
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28618297/does-communication-partner-training-improve-the-conversation-skills-of-speech-language-pathology-students-when-interacting-with-people-with-aphasia
#12
Emma Finch, Ashley Cameron, Jennifer Fleming, Jennifer Lethlean, Kyla Hudson, Steven McPhail
BACKGROUND: Aphasia is a common consequence of stroke. Despite receiving specialised training in communication, speech-language pathology students may lack confidence when communicating with People with Aphasia (PWA). This paper reports data from secondary outcome measures from a randomised controlled trial. OBJECTIVE: The aim of the current study was to examine the effects of communication partner training on the communication skills of speech-language pathology students during conversations with PWA...
May 26, 2017: Journal of Communication Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28616875/stakeholders-qualitative-perspectives-of-effective-telepractice-pedagogy-in-speech-language-pathology
#13
Megan S Overby
BACKGROUND: Academic programmes in speech-language pathology are increasingly providing telehealth/telepractice clinical education to students. Despite this growth, there is little information describing effective ways to teach it. AIMS: The current exploratory study analyzed the perceptions of speech-language pathology/therapy (SLP/SLT) faculty, student and SLP/SLT clinicians to ascertain effective pedagogical approaches for telepractice service delivery, rank the relative importance of telepractice skills and knowledge competencies, and define any pedagogical challenges to teaching them...
June 14, 2017: International Journal of Language & Communication Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28614460/recommendations-for-elaboration-transcultural-adaptation-and-validation-process-of-tests-in-speech-hearing-and-language-pathology
#14
Leandro Pernambuco, Albert Espelt, Hipólito Virgílio Magalhães, Kenio Costa de Lima
Objective: to present a guide with recommendations for translation, adaptation, elaboration and process of validation of tests in Speech and Language Pathology. Methods: the recommendations were based on international guidelines with a focus on the elaboration, translation, cross-cultural adaptation and validation process of tests. Results: the recommendations were grouped into two Charts, one of them with procedures for translation and transcultural adaptation and the other for obtaining evidence of validity, reliability and measures of accuracy of the tests...
June 8, 2017: CoDAS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28607889/outcomes-of-newborn-hearing-screening-program-a-hospital-based-study
#15
Kavita Sachdeva, Tulsi Sao
Hearing loss is hidden disability and second most common congenital pathology. Prevention, early identification and early intervention of hearing loss can prevent further disability in development of speech, language, cognition and other developmental domains. The prevalence of congenital hearing loss has been estimated to be 1.2-5.7 per thousand in neonates. In these contexts, the aim of study was to determine outcomes of neonates hearing screening program in Hospital. It is a clinical cross-sectional study which was conducted in tertiary care centre from 8th July, 2015 to 31th May, 2016...
June 2017: Indian Journal of Otolaryngology and Head and Neck Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28595967/does-the-nrs-capture-changes-in-communication-during-inpatient-stroke-rehabilitation
#16
Leigh G Barr, Barbra Kubilius, Barb Ansley, Rhonda Whiteman, Demetrios J Sahlas
BACKGROUND: In Ontario, the National Rehabilitation Reporting System (NRS) is mandated for use as a measurement of change for stroke patients after admission to and discharge from rehabilitation. The NRS includes the functional independence measure (FIM) and supplementary measurement items developed by the Canadian Institute for Health Information (CIHI). Uncertainty exists regarding the efficacy of the NRS as the sole measure of outcome for communication in stroke rehabilitation patients...
June 5, 2017: Journal of Stroke and Cerebrovascular Diseases: the Official Journal of National Stroke Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28593829/communication-behaviors-associated-with-successful-conversation-in-semantic-variant-primary-progressive-aphasia
#17
Cathleen Taylor-Rubin, Karen Croot, Emma Power, Sharon A Savage, John R Hodges, Leanne Togher
BACKGROUND: Primary progressive aphasia (PPA) affects a range of language and cognitive domains that impact on conversation. Little is known about conversation breakdown in the semantic variant of PPA (svPPA, also known as semantic dementia). This study investigates conversation of people with svPPA. METHODS: Dyadic conversations about everyday activities between seven individuals with svPPA and their partners, and seven control pairs were video recorded and transcribed...
June 8, 2017: International Psychogeriatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28572034/decreased-middle-temporal-gyrus-connectivity-in-the-language-network-in-schizophrenia-patients-with-auditory-verbal-hallucinations
#18
Linchuan Zhang, Baojuan Li, Huaning Wang, Liang Li, Qimei Liao, Yang Liu, Xianghong Bao, Wenlei Liu, Hong Yin, Hongbing Lu, Qingrong Tan
As the most common symptoms of schizophrenia, the long-term persistence of obstinate auditory verbal hallucinations (AVHs) brings about great mental pain to patients. Neuroimaging studies of schizophrenia have indicated that AVHs were associated with altered functional and structural connectivity within the language network. However, effective connectivity that could reflect directed information flow within this network and is of great importance to understand the neural mechanisms of the disorder remains largely unknown...
July 13, 2017: Neuroscience Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28561453/the-impact-of-developing-a-speech-and-swallow-rehab-program-improving-patient-satisfaction-and-multidisciplinary-care
#19
Heather M Starmer, Noel Ayoub, Cynthia Byward, Jennifer Kizner, Quynh Le, Wendy Hara, F Christopher Holsinger
OBJECTIVES/HYPOTHESIS: The objective of this study was to evaluate the impact of developing an integrated head and neck cancer speech and swallowing rehabilitation program on physician/team focus on functional outcomes. STUDY DESIGN: Prospective cross-sectional design. METHODS: Surveys regarding physician behavior and patient satisfaction with speech and swallowing were administered in an academic oncology practice prior to and 1 year following establishment of a dedicated head and neck speech and swallowing rehabilitation program...
May 31, 2017: Laryngoscope
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28534689/parent-experiences-of-variations-in-service-delivery-of-rapid-syllable-transition-rest-treatment-for-childhood-apraxia-of-speech
#20
Donna C Thomas, Patricia McCabe, Kirrie J Ballard, Geraldine Bricker-Katz
PURPOSE: To understand parents' perceptions of Rapid Syllable Transition (ReST) treatment and their experience of either telehealth or combined parent-clinician delivery of speech-language pathology. METHOD: Thematic analyses of semi-structured interviews were conducted with 10 parents (5 telehealth, 5 parent-clinician) after their child completed 12 sessions of ReST treatment. RESULTS: Three themes were unique to telehealth: "telehealth was a million times easier," "technical problems weren't deal breakers," and "telehealth therapy has different boundaries...
May 23, 2017: Developmental Neurorehabilitation
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