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Speech-language pathology

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28530252/new-trends-in-rehabilitation-of-children-with-ent-disorders
#1
R Bovo, P Trevisi, E Zanoletti, D Cazzador, T Volo, E Emanuelli, A Martini
In the last 20 years, neonatal survival has progressively increased due to the constant amelioration of neonatal medical treatment and surgical techniques. Thus, the number of children with congenital malformations and severe chronic pathologies who need rehabilitative care has progressively increased. Rehabilitation programs for paediatric patients with disorders of voice, speech and language, communication and hearing, deglutition and breathing are not widely available in hospital settings or in long-term care facilities...
May 22, 2017: Acta Otorhinolaryngologica Italica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28524269/paradoxical-perceptions-towards-the-introduction-of-assistants-in-speech-language-pathology-and-potential-impact-on-consumers
#2
Rachael O'Brien, Rebecca Mitchell, Nicole Byrne
RATIONALE AND AIM: Working with assistants has the potential to be an economically and professionally sustainable solution to workforce shortages in speech-language pathology. However, there is some resistance to the workforce redesign, and factors that determine how assistants are utilised are not well understood. The aim of this study was to understand the perceptions that engender professional resistance and identify factors that may lessen such resistance. METHOD: Semi-structured interviews were conducted with 20 speech-language pathologists (SLPs) to learn about perceptions towards implementing assistants into the profession...
May 19, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Caring Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28514476/mary-s-case-an-illustration-of-interprofessional-collaborative-practice-for-a-child-with-severe-disabilities
#3
Billy T Ogletree, Nancy Brady, Susan Bruce, Evan Dean, MaryAnn Romski, Lorraine Sylvester, David Westling
Purpose: The principles of interprofessional collaborative practice (IPCP) are illustrated through the case of Mary, a child with severe disabilities. Method: Mary's experiences from early childhood to young adulthood are highlighted by both optimal and less-than-ideal examples of clinical services and collaborative practice. The range of collaboration illustrates potential variations in service delivery. Thematic comments and resources are provided by professionals experienced with and committed to IPCP who represent the following four disciplines: occupational therapy, physical therapy, special education, and speech-language pathology...
May 17, 2017: American Journal of Speech-language Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28514475/cotreatment-as-a-vehicle-for-interprofessional-collaborative-practice-physical-therapists-and-speech-language-pathologists-collaborating-in-the-care-of-children-with-severe-disabilities
#4
Lorraine Sylvester, Billy T Ogletree, Karen Lunnen
Purpose: This article defines interprofessional collaborative practice and links its key features with accepted practice conceptualizations of physical therapy. Cotreatment with speech-language pathology is described as a vehicle for interprofessional collaborative practice for children with severe disabilities. Method: The article reviews the International Classification of Functioning, Disability, and Health (WHO, 2015) and the Hypothesis-Oriented Algorithm for Clinicians II (Rothstein, Echternach, & Riddle, 2003) as existing service-delivery frameworks in physical therapy and discusses how interprofessional collaborative practice between speech-language pathologists and physical therapists can be useful within these practice guidelines...
May 17, 2017: American Journal of Speech-language Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28483151/postoperative-swallowing-assessment-after-lung-transplantation
#5
Brooke Baumann, Sara Byers, Tamara Wasserman-Wincko, Libby Smith, Bridget Hathaway, Jay Bhama, Norihisa Shigemura, J W Awori Hayanga, Jonathan D'Cunha, Jonas T Johnson
BACKGROUND: Dysphagia, aspiration, and potential pneumonia represent a major source of morbidity in patients undergoing lung transplantation. Conditions that potentiate dysphagia and aspiration include frailty and prolonged intubation. Our group of speech-language pathologists has been actively involved in performance of a bedside evaluation of swallowing, and instrumental evaluation of swallowing with modified barium swallow, and postoperative management in patients undergoing lung transplantation...
May 5, 2017: Annals of Thoracic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28475801/investigating-the-adequacy-of-intervention-descriptions-in-recent-speech-language-pathology-literature-is-evidence-from-randomized-trials-useable
#6
Arabella Ludemann, Emma Power, Tammy C Hoffmann
Purpose: To evaluate the completeness of intervention descriptions in recent randomized controlled trials of speech-language pathology treatments. Method: A consecutive sample of entries on the speechBITE database yielded 129 articles and 162 interventions. Interventions were rated using the Template for Intervention Description and Replication (TIDieR) checklist. Rating occurred at 3 stages: interventions as published in the primary article, secondary locations referred to by the article (e...
May 17, 2017: American Journal of Speech-language Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28458577/ambulatory-anesthetic-care-in-children-undergoing-myringotomy-and-tube-placement-current-perspectives
#7
REVIEW
Hal Robinson, Thomas Engelhardt
PURPOSE: Myringotomy and tube placement is one of the most frequently performed ear, nose and throat (ENT) surgeries in the pediatric population. Effective anesthetic management is vital to ensuring successful ambulatory care and ensuring child and parental satisfaction. RECENT FINDINGS: This review summarizes recently published studies about the long-term effects of general anesthesia in young children, novel approaches to preoperative fasting and simplified approaches to the assessment and management of emergence delirium (ED) and emergence agitation (EA)...
2017: Local and Regional Anesthesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28448161/peaches-for-lunch-creating-and-using-visual-variables
#8
Elizabeth Cartwright, Adam Clegg
In this article, I describe the process of systematically including non-verbal data in medical anthropology research. I demonstrate the process of visualizing and coding videotaped moments of life and show how we can analyze what is being done along with what is being said. I ground my discussion in toddler language socialization and then expand my observations to the realm of language pathologies. Aphasia from strokes, speech difficulties in neurologically based illnesses like Lou Gehrig's disease, and the variety of communication challenges that face those on the autism spectrum can all be studied in interesting ways by including precise descriptions of non-verbal actions...
April 27, 2017: Medical Anthropology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28425762/the-evaluation-of-bulbar-dysfunction-in-amyotrophic-lateral-sclerosis-survey-of-clinical-practice-patterns-in-the-united-states
#9
Emily K Plowman, Lauren C Tabor, James Wymer, Gary Pattee
OBJECTIVE: Speech and swallowing impairments are highly prevalent in individuals with amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS) and contribute to reduced quality of life, malnutrition, aspiration, pneumonia and death. Established practice parameters for bulbar dysfunction in ALS do not currently exist. The aim of this study was to identify current practice patterns for the evaluation of speech and swallowing function within participating Northeast ALS clinics in the United States. METHODS AND RESULTS: A 15-item survey was emailed to all registered NEALS centres...
April 20, 2017: Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis and Frontotemporal Degeneration
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28425759/speech-pathology-as-the-masterchef-getting-the-right-ingredients-and-stirring-the-pot
#10
Pam Enderby
The purpose of this paper is to consider the many influences that have an impact on appropriate speech-language pathology service delivery. The competitive cooking and entertainment television program, MasterChef, is used as an analogy to consider the ingredients, blend and approach required to improve speech-language pathology services. Speech-language pathologists (SLPs) enter the profession with the aim of assisting those with communication and swallowing disorders to have a better quality of life. Thus, we should be restless to continue to improve our services in order to achieve the best influence and outcomes by changing our recipes and ingredients...
February 16, 2017: International Journal of Speech-language Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28412598/effect-of-two-isolated-vocal-facilitating-techniques-glottal-fry-and-yawn-sigh-on-the-phonation-of-female-speech-language-pathology-students-a-pilot-study
#11
I Meerschman, E D'haeseleer, T Catry, B Ruigrok, S Claeys, K Van Lierde
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to determine the effect of two isolated vocal facilitating techniques, glottal fry and yawn-sigh, on the phonation of vocally healthy female speech-language pathology (SLP) students. STUDY DESIGN: A multigroup pretest-posttest design was used. METHODS: A group of thirty-six healthy female SLP students with a mean age of 18.1 years were assigned into three groups: a glottal fry group (practicing the facilitating technique glottal fry across 18 weeks, n=12), a yawn-sigh group (practicing the facilitating technique yawn-sigh across 18 weeks, n=12) and a control group (receiving no facilitating techniques, n=12)...
March 27, 2017: Journal of Communication Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28397525/book-review-medical-speech-language-pathology-a-practitioner-s-guide-johnson-alex-f-jacobson-barbara-h-medical-speech-language-pathology-a-practitioner-s-guide-new-york-thieme-publishing-2017-hardcover-378-pages-110
#12
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28394187/using-critical-realistic-evaluation-to-support-translation-of-research-into-clinical-practice
#13
Michelle C Swift, Marilyn Langevin, Alexander M Clark
A challenge that speech-language pathologists (SLPs) face is the translation of research into clinical practice. While randomised controlled trials (RCTs) are often touted as the "gold standard" of efficacy research, much valuable information is lost through the process; RCTs by nature are designed to wash out individual client factors and contexts that might influence the outcome in order to present the "true" impact of the intervention. However, in the area of behavioural interventions, the interaction of client factors and contexts with the treatment agent can substantially influence the outcome...
April 10, 2017: International Journal of Speech-language Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28389257/physiotherapy-and-speech-and-language-therapy-intervention-for-chronic-cough
#14
REVIEW
Surinder S Birring, Sarah Floyd, Charles C Reilly, Peter Siu Pan Cho
There are few effective pharmacological therapies available to treat refractory chronic cough. Functional MRI studies of the brain have recently shown that patients with chronic cough have dysfunctional inhibitory control of cough. Self-management therapies delivered by physiotherapists or speech therapists are effective at suppressing cough. They enable patients to consciously suppress the urge to cough. The intervention consists of education, laryngeal hygiene, cough suppression and distraction measures and behaviour modification...
April 4, 2017: Pulmonary Pharmacology & Therapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28384484/occupational-therapy-physical-therapy-and-speech-language-pathology-in-the-neonatal-intensive-care-unit-patterns-of-therapy-usage-in-a-level-iv-nicu
#15
Katherine Ross, Elizabeth Heiny, Sandra Conner, Patricia Spener, Roberta Pineda
OBJECTIVES: 1) To describe the use of occupational therapy (OT), physical therapy (PT) and speech-language pathology (SLP) services in a level IV neonatal intensive care unit (NICU), 2) to describe predictors of early therapy usage, and 3) to test the hypothesis that more NICU-based therapy will relate to better neurobehavioral outcomes. METHODS: Seventy-nine infants born ≤32 weeks gestation had therapy interventions, as standard of care, tracked across NICU hospitalization...
April 3, 2017: Research in Developmental Disabilities
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28337648/diagnosis-and-treatment-of-alternating-hemiplegia-of-childhood
#16
REVIEW
Melanie Masoud, Lyndsey Prange, Jeffrey Wuchich, Arsen Hunanyan, Mohamad A Mikati
The diagnosis and treatment of patients with Alternating Hemiplegia of Childhood (AHC) and related disorders should be provided by a multidisciplinary team experienced with the spectrum of presentations of this disease, with its related disorders, with its complex and fluctuating manifestations, and with cutting edge advances occurring in the field. Involvement in research to advance the understanding of this disease and partnership with international collaborators and family organizations are also important...
February 2017: Current Treatment Options in Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28319481/application-of-telepractice-for-head-and-neck-cancer-management-a-review-of-speech-language-pathology-service-models
#17
Elizabeth C Ward, Laurelie R Wall, Clare L Burns, Bena Cartmill, Anne J Hill
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Head and neck cancer (HNC) is a complex and heterogeneous disease, requiring specialist intervention from a multidisciplinary team including speech language pathology (SLP). Unfortunately, multiple patient and service-related challenges exist which currently limit equitable access to SLP support for all individuals. This review highlights the existing evidence for different telepractice models designed to help patients and services optimize management of swallowing and communication disorders arising from HNC...
June 2017: Current Opinion in Otolaryngology & Head and Neck Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28296521/speech-language-pathology-intervention-in-a-youth-justice-setting-benefits-perceived-by-staff-extend-beyond-communication
#18
Pamela C Snow, Kerryn Bagley, Donna White
PURPOSE: Young people in youth justice (YJ) settings face high-risk for unidentified language disorder, however, speech-language pathology (SLP) services are not routinely offered in such settings. The aim of this study was to explore and describe the perceptions and experiences of YJ staff in a custodial centre of the utility of having a speech-language pathologist working with young offenders. METHOD: Following a SLP intervention trial, two staff focus groups were conducted by an independent SLP...
March 15, 2017: International Journal of Speech-language Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28288518/the-confidence-and-knowledge-of-health-practitioners-when-interacting-with-people-with-aphasia-in-a-hospital-setting
#19
Ashley Cameron, Steven McPhail, Kyla Hudson, Jennifer Fleming, Jennifer Lethlean, Ngang Ju Tan, Emma Finch
PURPOSE: The aim of the study was to describe and compare the confidence and knowledge of health professionals (HPs) with and without specialized speech-language training for communicating with people with aphasia (PWA) in a metropolitan hospital setting. METHODS: Ninety HPs from multidisciplinary teams completed a customized survey to identify their demographic information, knowledge of aphasia, current use of supported conversation strategies and overall communication confidence when interacting with PWA using a 100 mm visual analogue scale (VAS) to rate open-ended questions...
March 13, 2017: Disability and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28264593/culturally-and-linguistically-diverse-students-in-speech-language-pathology-courses-a-platform-for-culturally-responsive-services
#20
Stacie Attrill, Michelle Lincoln, Sue McAllister
PURPOSE: Increasing the proportion of culturally and linguistically diverse (CALD) students and providing intercultural learning opportunities for all students are two strategies identified to facilitate greater access to culturally responsive speech-language pathology services. To enact these strategies, more information is needed about student diversity. This study collected descriptive information about CALD speech-language pathology students in Australia. METHOD: Cultural and linguistic background information was collected through surveying 854 domestic and international speech-language pathology students from three Australian universities...
March 7, 2017: International Journal of Speech-language Pathology
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