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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29746192/learning-from-students-facilitators-learning-in-interprofessional-placements
#1
Stacie Attrill, Chris Brebner, Claire Marsh
Few studies have examined experiences and learning from the viewpoint of interprofessional facilitators of student placements, and limited research has investigated this learning enacted across traditional service boundaries or between health and education practitioners. This study aimed to address these gaps by exploring perceptions about the learning and experiences of Early Childhood Educators (ECEs) who facilitated placements in childcare settings for speech-language pathology students from a health professional background...
May 10, 2018: Journal of Interprofessional Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29731706/phosphorylation-of-threonine-175-tau-in-the-induction-of-tau-pathology-in-amyotrophic-lateral-sclerosis-frontotemporal-spectrum-disorder-als-ftsd-a-review
#2
REVIEW
Alexander J Moszczynski, Matthew A Hintermayer, Michael J Strong
Approximately 50-60% of all patients with amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS) will develop a deficit of frontotemporal function, ranging from frontotemporal dementia (FTD) to one or more deficits of neuropsychological, speech or language function which are collectively known as the frontotemporal spectrum disorders of ALS (ALS-FTSD). While the neuropathology underlying these disorders is most consistent with a widespread alteration in the metabolism of transactive response DNA-binding protein 43 (TDP-43), in both ALS with cognitive impairment (ALSci) and ALS with FTD (ALS-FTD; also known as MND-FTD) there is evidence for alterations in the metabolism of the microtubule associated protein tau...
2018: Frontiers in Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29731380/a-perceptual-method-to-rate-dysphonic-voices
#3
Jorge A Gurlekian, Humberto M Torres, Melissa Rincón Cediel
OBJECTIVE: To present and test a production-matching method with external references, looking at the improvement of inter-rater variability of expert evaluations. METHOD: It consists of adjusting quality attribute levels of a synthetic vowel for a simultaneous matching with the natural patient vowel (NPV) attributes. In an initial experiment, seven speech-language pathology (SLP) experts performed this task with the new method and evaluated the same NPV with the standard method...
May 3, 2018: Journal of Voice: Official Journal of the Voice Foundation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29724145/elizabeth-usher-memorial-lecture-how-do-we-change-our-profession-using-the-lens-of-behavioural-economics-to-improve-evidence-based-practice-in-speech-language-pathology
#4
Patricia J McCabe
Evidence-based practice (EBP) is a well-accepted theoretical framework around which speech-language pathologists strive to build their clinical decisions. The profession's conceptualisation of EBP has been evolving over the last 20 years with the practice of EBP now needing to balance research evidence, clinical data and informed patient choices. However, although EBP is not a new concept, as a profession, we seem to be no closer to closing the gap between research evidence and practice than we were at the start of the movement toward EBP in the late 1990s...
May 3, 2018: International Journal of Speech-language Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29719741/crossed-aphasia-as-a-manifestation-of-glioblastoma
#5
Samer G Zammar, Charles S Specht, Brad E Zacharia
Language and speech function is commonly accepted to be a heavily lateralized function. Greater than 95% of right-handed individuals have left hemispheric dominance for language, and reports in the literature of crossed aphasia (language deficits in a right-handed individual from right-sided pathology) are scant. We report the case of a 52-year-old woman presenting with crossed aphasia from a right temporal glioblastoma. We then expand on a discussion of crossed aphasia in the setting of brain tumors.
February 27, 2018: Curēus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29710108/association-of-a-proactive-swallowing-rehabilitation-program-with-feeding-tube-placement-in-patients-treated-for-pharyngeal-cancer
#6
Gaurav S Ajmani, Cheryl C Nocon, Bruce E Brockstein, Nicholas P Campbell, Amy B Kelly, Jamie Allison, Mihir K Bhayani
Importance: A proactive speech and language pathology (SLP) program is an important component of the multidisciplinary care of patients with head and neck squamous cell carcinoma (HNSCC). Swallowing rehabilitation can reduce the rate of feeding tube placement, thereby significantly improving quality of life. Objective: To evaluate the initiation of a proactive SLP rehabilitation program at a single institution and its association with rates of feeding tube placement and dietary intake in patients with HNSCC...
April 19, 2018: JAMA Otolaryngology—Head & Neck Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29688085/music-therapy-applied-to-complex-blast-injury-in-interdisciplinary-care-a-case-report
#7
Rebecca Vaudreuil, Luis Avila, Joke Bradt, Paul Pasquina
PURPOSE: Music therapy has a long history of treating the physiological, psychological, and neurological injuries of war. Recently, there has been an increase in the use of music therapy and other creative arts therapies in the care of combat injured service members returning to the United States from Iraq and Afghanistan, especially those with complex blast-related injuries. This case report describes the role of music therapy in the interdisciplinary rehabilitation of a severely injured service member...
April 24, 2018: Disability and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29668026/nicu-graduates-the-role-of-the-allied-health-team-in-follow-up
#8
Jane L Orton, Joy E Olsen, Katherine Ong, Rochelle Lester, Alicia J Spittle
Infants who graduate from the neonatal intensive care unit, including those infants born preterm and/or with brain injury, are at increased risk of long-term neurodevelopmental impairments. The developmental allied health team, consisting of physical therapy, occupational therapy, and speech pathology, is crucial in early evaluation of gross motor, fine motor, feeding, and language development. Surveillance of neurodevelopment in the first year of life is essential to ensure early detection of specific developmental delays and impairments, and to ensure timely referral for early intervention...
April 1, 2018: Pediatric Annals
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29621796/laying-a-firm-foundation-embedding-evidence-based-emergent-literacy-practices-into-early-intervention-and-preschool-environments
#9
Pamela Terrell, Maggie Watson
Purpose: As part of this clinical forum on curriculum-based intervention, the goal of this tutorial is to share research about the importance of language and literacy foundations in natural environments during emergent literacy skill development, from infancy through preschool. Following an overview of intervention models in schools by Powell (2018), best practices at home, in child care, and in preschool settings are discussed. Speech-language pathologists in these settings will be provided a toolbox of best emergent literacy practices...
April 5, 2018: Language, Speech, and Hearing Services in Schools
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29614891/aphasia-and-reperfusion-therapies-in-hyper-acute-settings-a-scoping-review
#10
Victoria Jones, Emma Finch, Anna Copley
PURPOSE: Reperfusion therapies are medical treatments that restore blood flow either by surgical removal of a blood clot or with medications that dissolve clots. The introduction of reperfusion therapies has the potential to change the presentation of aphasia following acute ischaemic stroke (AIS). This scoping study will explore the relationship between aphasia and reperfusion therapies from a speech-language pathology perspective. METHOD: A systematic literature search was performed on studies published up until October 2016...
April 3, 2018: International Journal of Speech-language Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29614233/the-effect-of-speech-language-pathology-students-on-clinician-time-use-and-activity
#11
Elizabeth Bourne, Lindy McAllister, Srivalli Nagarajan, Kate Short
PURPOSE: This prospective study investigated the impact of supervising students on public health speech-language pathologists' (SLPs) time and patient activity levels in order to broaden evidence in the profession. METHOD: Thirty-four SLPs supervising students collected data profiling their time use and activity during the first, middle and penultimate placement week. They also collected data for a week when not supervising students. Pre- and post-placement surveys were used to supplement quantitative data with additional information such as clinician and student experience levels...
April 3, 2018: International Journal of Speech-language Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29610898/-to-be-quite-honest-if-it-wasn-t-for-videogames-i-wouldn-t-have-a-social-life-at-all-motivations-of-young-adults-with-autism-spectrum-disorder-for-playing-videogames-as-leisure
#12
Erinn H Finke, Benjamin D Hickerson, Jennifer M D Kremkow
Purpose: Leisure activities are underutilized as a context for intervention in the field of speech-language pathology despite the fact that leisure can be an important context for skill development. The current study investigated the perceptions of individuals with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) who play videogames as their primary leisure activity regarding the role of videogames in their lives and their motivations for playing videogames. Method: Qualitative interview methodology was used to investigate the experiences of 10 18-24-year-olds with ASD...
April 2, 2018: American Journal of Speech-language Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29600406/-selective-mutism
#13
J Rogoll, M Petzold, A Ströhle
Selective mutism was first described in the medical literature 140 years ago. The diagnosis came into the focus of adult psychiatry with the appearance of DSM-5. Henceforth, selective mutism during infancy, adolescence and also adulthood is specified as an independent anxiety disorder. It often begins in early childhood with a kind of speechlessness in certain situations. A diagnostic clarification often only takes place after school enrolment. Very often comorbid anxiety disorders, especially social phobia and depression also occur...
March 29, 2018: Der Nervenarzt
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29569990/molecular-neuroimaging-in-primary-progressive-aphasia-with-predominant-agraphia
#14
Rene L Utianski, Joseph R Duffy, Rodolfo Savica, Jennifer L Whitwell, Mary M Machulda, Keith A Josephs
A 62-year-old male presented with progressive isolated writing and spelling difficulties. Neurological, neuropsychological, speech, and language evaluations identified only minimal additional abnormalities. The presenting characteristics did not meet criteria for any particular variant of primary progressive aphasia; his clinical presentation is best described as primary progressive aphasia, with a predominant, almost pure agraphia. Brain MRI showed asymmetric, bilateral parenchymal volume loss, with left hippocampal atrophy...
March 23, 2018: Neurocase
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29567464/parent-perspectives-on-the-clinician-client-relationship-in-speech-language-treatment-for-children
#15
Kerry Danahy Ebert
Few studies have explored clinician-client relationships in speech-language treatment for children, although evidence indicates that these relationships may be important. Parents play a unique role in clinician-client relationships and their views have yet to be considered in the speech-language pathology literature. This study explored parents' perspectives on the clinician-client relationship in speech-language treatment for children using both quantitative and qualitative information. An online survey collected responses from 159 parents with children enrolled in speech-language services...
March 15, 2018: Journal of Communication Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29566043/diagnosis-of-aphasia-in-stroke-populations-a-systematic-review-of-language-tests
#16
Alexia Rohde, Linda Worrall, Erin Godecke, Robyn O'Halloran, Anna Farrell, Margaret Massey
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Accurate aphasia diagnosis is important in stroke care. A wide range of language tests are available and include informal assessments, tests developed by healthcare institutions and commercially published tests available for purchase in pre-packaged kits. The psychometrics of these tests are often reported online or within the purchased test manuals, not the peer-reviewed literature, therefore the diagnostic capabilities of these measures have not been systematically evaluated...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29536107/training-students-to-evaluate-preterm-infant-feeding-safety-using-a-video-recorded-patient-simulation-approach
#17
Neina F Ferguson, Julie M Estis
Purpose: The purpose of this study was to determine if brief video-recorded patient simulation training increased students' ability to assess feeding skills in preterm infants. Method: Baccalaureate-level nursing students (N = 52) and graduate-level speech-language pathology students (N = 42) were randomized to 1 of 2 groups: didactic training (N = 51) or didactic training plus video simulation (N = 43). Outcome measures included knowledge test scores, calculated clinical judgment scores, and clinical marker documentation accuracy...
March 9, 2018: American Journal of Speech-language Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29513872/prevalence-of-communication-swallowing-and-orofacial-myofunctional-disorders-in-children-and-adolescents-at-the-time-of-admission-at-a-cancer-hospital
#18
Kaliani Lima Coça, Anke Bergmann, Sima Ferman, Elisabete Carrara de Angelis, Márcia Gonçalves Ribeiro
PURPOSE: Describe the prevalence of communication, swallowing and orofacial myofunctional disorders in a group of children and adolescents at the time of registration at a cancer hospital. METHODS: A cross-sectional study conducted with children aged ≥2 and adolescents, of both genders, admitted to the Pediatric Oncology Section of the Instituto Nacional de Câncer José de Alencar Gomes da Silva (INCA) from March 2014 to April 2015 for investigation and/or treatment of solid tumors...
March 1, 2018: CoDAS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29513866/video-feedback-for-families-of-hearing-impaired-children
#19
Ingrid Rafaella Dantas Dos Santos, Joseli Soares Brazorotto
In order to improve speech-language development in children with hearing impairment, in addition to speech-language therapy, the family should be the modifying agent for a satisfactory therapeutic response. Studies that analyze the effectiveness of speech-language pathology (SLP) intervention programs through video feedback are important, given the positive effects of this tool on the modification of behaviors with families of children with disabilities. Therefore, it is believed that video feedback interventions contribute improve the communicative interactions between the families and children assisted by auditory rehabilitation services...
March 5, 2018: CoDAS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29497830/screening-for-dysphagia-in-adult-patients-with-stroke-assessing-the-accuracy-of-informal-detection
#20
Victoria Sherman, Heather Flowers, Moira K Kapral, Gordon Nicholson, Frank Silver, Rosemary Martino
Early identification of dysphagia by screening is recommended best practice for patients admitted to hospital with acute stroke. Screening can reduce the risk of pneumonia and promote stroke recovery, yet some institutions do not utilize a formal screening protocol. This study assessed the accuracy of informal dysphagia detection prior to implementation of a formal screening protocol. We conducted a secondary analysis of data captured between 2003 and 2008 from a sample of 250 adult stroke survivors admitted to a tertiary care centre...
March 1, 2018: Dysphagia
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