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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29327796/speech-characteristics-in-the-congenital-and-childhood-onset-forms-of-myotonic-dystrophy-type-1
#1
Lotta Sjögreen, Åsa Mårtensson, Anne-Berit Ekström
BACKGROUND: Myotonic dystrophy type 1 (DM1) is a slowly progressive multi-systemic disease with an autosomal-dominant inheritance caused by a mutation on chromosome 19 (19q13.3). AIMS: To explore speech characteristics in a group of individuals with the congenital and childhood-onset forms of DM1 in terms of intelligibility, speech-sound production, nasality and compensatory articulation. A further aim was to analyse whether speech characteristics were correlated to subforms of DM1 and if speech outcome could be related to muscle strength...
January 12, 2018: International Journal of Language & Communication Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29325162/an-analysis-of-adverse-events-in-the-rehabilitation-department-using-the-veterans-affairs-root-cause-analysis-system
#2
Gregory W Hagley, Peter D Mills, Brian Shiner, Robin R Hemphill
Background: Root cause analyses (RCA) are often completed in health care settings to determine causes of adverse events (AEs). RCAs result in action plans designed to mitigate future patient harm. National reviews of RCA reports have assessed the safety of numerous health care settings and suggested opportunities for improvement. However, few studies have assessed the safety of receiving care from physical therapists, occupational therapists, or speech and language pathology pathologists...
January 9, 2018: Physical Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29324475/bilateral-cochlear-implants-maximizing-expected-outcomes
#3
Kate E Willis, Nathan J Blum, Stephanie A Waryasz, Marilyn Augustyn
Sonia is a 4 1/12-year-old girl with Waardenburg syndrome and bilateral sensorineural hearing loss who had bilateral cochlear implants at 2 7/12 years of age. She is referred to Developmental-Behavioral Pediatrics by her speech/language pathologist because of concerns that her language skills are not progressing as expected after the cochlear implant. At the time of the implant, she communicated using approximately 20 signs and 1 spoken word (mama). At the time of the evaluation (18 months after the implant) she had approximately 70 spoken words (English and Spanish) and innumerable signs that she used to communicate...
January 10, 2018: Journal of Developmental and Behavioral Pediatrics: JDBP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29322186/stuttering-in-preschool-children-direct-versus-indirect-treatment
#4
Marilyn A Nippold
Purpose: The purpose of this article is to discuss the controversial topic of stuttering in preschool children and how to evaluate the options for treatment, emphasizing the role of external research evidence. Method: A hypothetical but realistic case study of a 3-year-old boy who stutters is described. Two contrasting approaches to treatment are presented, the Lidcombe Program (LP) and the demands and capacities model (DCM). Studies published in peer-reviewed research journals that have examined the effectiveness of each approach are summarized and critiqued...
January 9, 2018: Language, Speech, and Hearing Services in Schools
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29319009/cognitive-function-predicts-listening-effort-performance-during-complex-tasks-in-normally-aging-adults
#5
Jennine Harvey, Deborah von Hapsburg, Scott Seeman
PURPOSE: This study examines whether cognitive function, as measured by the subtests of the Woodcock-Johnson III (WCJ-III) assessment, predicts listening-effort performance during dual tasks across the adults of varying ages. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Participants were divided into two groups. Group 1 consisted of 14 listeners (number of females = 11) who were 41-61 years old [mean = 53.18; standard deviation (SD) = 5.97]. Group 2 consisted of 15 listeners (number of females = 9) who were 63-81 years old (mean = 72...
November 2017: Noise & Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29318256/brain-computer-interfaces-for-augmentative-and-alternative-communication-a-tutorial
#6
Jonathan S Brumberg, Kevin M Pitt, Alana Mantie-Kozlowski, Jeremy D Burnison
Purpose: Brain-computer interfaces (BCIs) have the potential to improve communication for people who require but are unable to use traditional augmentative and alternative communication (AAC) devices. As BCIs move toward clinical practice, speech-language pathologists (SLPs) will need to consider their appropriateness for AAC intervention. Method: This tutorial provides a background on BCI approaches to provide AAC specialists foundational knowledge necessary for clinical application of BCI...
January 9, 2018: American Journal of Speech-language Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29310885/characteristics-of-a-treatment-seeking-population-in-a-private-practice-community-voice-clinic-an-epidemiologic-study
#7
Christopher R Watts, Kristie Knickerbocker
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to evaluate epidemiologic characteristics of a treatment-seeking population referred to a private practice community voice clinic. STUDY DESIGN: This is a retrospective cohort study. METHODS: Patient files representing evaluation referrals over a 28-month period were reviewed. Variables tabulated from records included disorder diagnosis, age, gender, perceptual voice quality ratings, and self-perceived voice handicap at initial evaluation...
January 5, 2018: Journal of Voice: Official Journal of the Voice Foundation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29306524/the-singer-s-and-the-clinician-s-perspective-on-vitamin-b12-treatment-for-vocal-benefits
#8
Hagit Shoffel-Havakuk, Christian X Lava, Edie R Hapner, Karla O'Dell, Lindsay Reder, Michael M Johns
INTRODUCTION: There is a belief among vocalists that there are voice benefits from vitamin B12 treatment. Yet there are no previous reports regarding vitamin B12 effects on voice. OBJECTIVES: To assess the prevalence of vitamin B12 use among singers and their beliefs regarding vitamin B12 therapy. METHODS: Anonymous online survey administered to singers, singing-teachers, speech-language pathologists, and laryngologists. RESULTS: A total of 192 participants completed the surveys; 128 singers (68 singing-teachers, 30 speech-language pathologists) and 64 laryngologists...
January 3, 2018: Journal of Voice: Official Journal of the Voice Foundation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29282474/tutorial-assessment-and-analysis-of-polysyllables-in-young-children
#9
Sarah Masso, Sharynne McLeod, Elise Baker
Purpose: Polysyllables, words of 3 or more syllables, represent almost 30% of words used in American English. The purpose of this tutorial is to support speech-language pathologists' (SLPs') assessment and analysis of polysyllables, extending the focus of published assessment tools that focus on sampling and analyzing children's segmental accuracy and/or the presence of phonological error patterns. Method: This tutorial will guide SLPs through a review of 53 research papers that have explored the use of polysyllables in assessment, including the sampling and analysis procedures used in different research studies...
December 27, 2017: Language, Speech, and Hearing Services in Schools
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29280496/silent-aspiration-who-is-at-risk
#10
Priatharisiny Velayutham, Alexandria L Irace, Kosuke Kawai, Pamela Dodrill, Jennifer Perez, Monica Londahl, Lauren Mundy, Natasha D Dombrowski, Reza Rahbar
OBJECTIVE: To determine the prevalence of silent aspiration in pediatric patients and identify which diagnoses may be associated with this finding. METHODS: An institutional review board-approved retrospective review was conducted for all patients under the age of 18 who underwent modified barium swallow (MBS) studies at a tertiary children's hospital in 2015. Speech-language pathologists reviewed MBS studies to identify aspiration/silent aspiration on each fluid consistency tested...
December 27, 2017: Laryngoscope
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29280015/the-mendelsohn-maneuver-and-its-effects-on-swallowing-kinematic-analysis-in-three-dimensions-using-dynamic-area-detector-ct
#11
Yoko Inamoto, Eiichi Saitoh, Yuriko Ito, Hitoshi Kagaya, Yoichiro Aoyagi, Seiko Shibata, Kikuo Ota, Naoko Fujii, Jeffrey B Palmer
This study investigated the effects of Mendelsohn maneuver with three-dimensional kinematic analysis. Nine female speech-language pathologists (nine females, mean ± SD 27.1 ± 3.5 years old) underwent 320-row area detector scan during swallows of 4-ml nectar-thick liquid using with no maneuvers (control) and with Mendelsohn maneuver (MM). Critical event timing (hyoid, soft palate, epiglottis, laryngeal vestibule, true vocal cords (TVC), UES), hyoid and laryngeal excursion, cross-sectional area of UES, and volume of pharyngeal cavity and bolus were measured and compared between two swallows...
December 26, 2017: Dysphagia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29248918/issues-in-identification-and-assessment-of-children-with-autism-and-a-proposed-resource-toolkit-for-speech-language-pathologists
#12
Yvette Hus
BACKGROUND: The prevalence of autism spectrum disorder (ASD) has increased significantly in the last decade as have treatment choices. Nonetheless, the vastly diverse autism topic includes issues related to naming, description, iden-tification, assessment, and differentiation from other neu-rodevelopmental conditions. ASD issues directly impact speech-language pathologists (SLPs) who often see these children as the second contact, after pediatric medical practitioners. Because of shared symptomology, differentiation among neurodevelopmental disorders is crucial as it impacts treatment, educational choices, and the performance trajectory of affected children...
2017: Folia Phoniatrica et Logopaedica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29248909/stimulation-of-executive-functions-as-part-of-the-language-intervention-process-in-children-with-autism-spectrum-disorder
#13
Ingrid Ya I Sun, Cristina Andrade Varanda, Fernanda Dreux Fernandes
AIMS: Identifying effective methods for stimulating language and communication of children with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) is fundamental to the effective use of available resources to support these children. This pilot study was designed to explore the potential benefits of a program of stimulation of executive functions (SEF) on the functional aspects of language and communication through the assessment of the functional communicative profile and social-cognitive performance. METHODS: Twenty children, aged 5-12 years, with a diagnosis of ASD participated in the study...
2017: Folia Phoniatrica et Logopaedica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29248908/international-survey-of-speech-language-pathologists-practices-in-working-with-children-with-autism-spectrum-disorder
#14
Gail Gillon, Yvette Hyter, Fernanda Dreux Fernandes, Sara Ferman, Yvette Hus, Kakia Petinou, Osnat Segal, Tatjana Tumanova, Ioannis Vogindroukas, Carol Westby, Marleen Westerveld
OBJECTIVE: Autism spectrum disorder (ASD) is a complex neurodevelopmental impairment. To better understand the role of speech-language pathologists (SLPs) in different countries in supporting children with ASD, the International Association of Logopedics and Phoniatrics (IALP) Child Language Committee developed a survey for SLPs working with children or adolescents with ASD. Method and Participants: The survey comprised 58 questions about background information of respondents, characteristics of children with ASD, and the role of SLPs in diagnosis, assessment, and intervention practices...
2017: Folia Phoniatrica et Logopaedica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29242920/delivering-bad-news-attitudes-feelings-and-practice-characteristics-among-speech-language-pathologists
#15
Rinat Gold, Azgad Gold
Purpose: The purpose of this study was to examine the attitudes, feelings, and practice characteristics of speech-language pathologists (SLPs) in Israel regarding the subject of delivering bad news. Method: One hundred and seventy-three Israeli SLPs answered an online survey. Respondents represented SLPs in Israel in all stages of vocational experience, with varying academic degrees, from a variety of employment settings. The survey addressed emotions involved in the process of delivering bad news, training on this subject, and background information of the respondents...
December 13, 2017: American Journal of Speech-language Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29238452/letter-to-the-editor-licensure-portability-for-occupational-audiologists-is-essential
#16
George R Cook
Occupational audiologists have a crisis in their profession and need advocates. These audiologists are primarily responsible for industrial hearing conservation programs and their compliance with multiple regulations, such as Occupational Safety and Health Administration (OSHA), Mine Safety and Health Administration (MSHA) and the Federal Railroad Administration. Occupational hearing programs, for the most part, are multi-state programs as companies and corporations are national organizations. Also, companies may contract services across state lines as local services may not be desired or available...
2017: International Journal of Telerehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29238451/a-survey-of-telepractice-in-speech-language-pathology-and-audiology-in-india
#17
Haritha S Mohan, Ayesha Anjum, Prema K S Rao
Telepractice has emerged as a form of service delivery to assess and treat individuals with communication disorders. The present study surveyed speech-language pathologists and audiologists in India about the use of telepractice. Two hundred and five (N=205) speech-language pathologists and audiologists responded to a questionnaire, with 12.19% reporting their use of telepractice to deliver clinical services. Respondents also indicated an urgent shortage of professionals in India to deliver clinical services in speech-language pathology and audiology, and opined that these needs can be met via the use of telepractice...
2017: International Journal of Telerehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29236904/retrocochlear-impairments-in-systemic-sclerosis-a-case-report-study
#18
Julia de Souza Pinto Valente, Ana Paula Corona
PURPOSE: To report three cases of patients with Systemic Sclerosis (SSc) and retrocochlear impairments. METHODS: This is a case report of three individuals with SSc and retrocochlear impairments assisted at a rheumatology outpatient clinic. All individuals underwent Brainstem Auditory Evoked Potential (BAEP) and, when necessary, audiometry. RESULTS: All three individuals presented sensorineural hearing loss. Although no retrocochlear impairment was identified in the basic audiologic evaluation, the BAEP results were altered...
December 7, 2017: CoDAS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29236902/evaluation-of-speech-language-pathology-care-in-the-family-health-strategy-from-user-perspective
#19
Loise Elena Zanin, Izabelle Mont'Alverne Napoleão Albuquerque, Maria do Socorro Melo Carneiro, Daniel Hardy Melo
PURPOSE: To evaluate the satisfaction of users assisted by speech-language pathologists during their Multi-professional Residency in Family Health, considering the structural, organizational and relational categories. METHODS: Qualitative assessment conducted with 30 Family Health Strategy (FHS) users. Data were analyzed using Bardin's content analysis. RESULTS: The organizational category presented aspects associated with the organization of speech-language pathology (SLP) services, describing the specific practice and role of speech-language therapists in the FHS, as well as referral and waiting time for care, speech-language therapy actions, clarification of problems, and promotion of self-care...
December 7, 2017: CoDAS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29232674/speech-and-language-pathologists-voice-use-in-working-environments-a-field-study-using-ambulatory-phonation-monitoring
#20
Francesco Mozzanica, Alessandro Selvaggio, Daniela Ginocchio, Nicole Pizzorni, Letizia Scarponi, Antonio Schindler
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to evaluate the speech and language pathologists' (SLPs) voice production during a typical working day. PATIENTS AND METHODS: A total of 28 SLPs, all females, were enrolled. According to the type of treated disease, the cohort of SLPs was divided into 4 groups (7 SLPs focused on the rehabilitation of dysphagic adult clients; 7 SLPs focused on the rehabilitation of deaf children; 7 SLPs focused on the rehabilitation of dysphonic adult clients; and 7 SLPs focused on the rehabilitation of aphasic adult clients)...
December 12, 2017: Folia Phoniatrica et Logopaedica
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