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Speech-language pathologist

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28095058/efficacy-of-peer-support-arrangements-to-increase-peer-interaction-and-aac-use
#1
Elizabeth E Biggs, Erik W Carter, Jenny Gustafson
Supporting interaction in inclusive settings between students with complex communication needs (CCN) and their peers requires careful planning and support. We used a multiple-probe-across-participants design to investigate the efficacy of collaborative planning and peer support arrangements to increase peer interaction in inclusive classrooms. Participants were four middle school students with CCN who had an intellectual disability and used an iPad with Proloquo2Go as augmentative and alternative communication (AAC)...
January 2017: American Journal on Intellectual and Developmental Disabilities
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28089485/perceptual-error-analysis-of-human-and-synthesized-voices
#2
Marina Englert, Glaucya Madazio, Ingrid Gielow, Jorge Lucero, Mara Behlau
OBJECTIVE/HYPOTHESIS: To assess the quality of synthesized voices through listeners' skills in discriminating human and synthesized voices. STUDY DESIGN: Prospective study. METHODS: Eighteen human voices with different types and degrees of deviation (roughness, breathiness, and strain, with three degrees of deviation: mild, moderate, and severe) were selected by three voice specialists. Synthesized samples with the same deviations of human voices were produced by the VoiceSim system...
January 12, 2017: Journal of Voice: Official Journal of the Voice Foundation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28087826/comparison-of-brain-mri-findings-with-language-and-motor-function-in-the-dystroglycanopathies
#3
Brianna N Brun, Shelley R H Mockler, Katie M Laubscher, Carrie M Stephan, Anne M Wallace, Julia A Collison, M Bridget Zimmerman, William B Dobyns, Katherine D Mathews
OBJECTIVE: To describe the spectrum of brain MRI findings in a cohort of individuals with dystroglycanopathies (DGs) and relate MRI results to function. METHODS: All available brain MRIs done for clinical indications on individuals enrolled in a DG natural history study (NCT00313677) were reviewed. Reports were reviewed when MRI was not available. MRIs were categorized as follows: (1) cortical, brainstem, and cerebellar malformations; (2) cortical and cerebellar malformations; or (3) normal...
January 13, 2017: Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28079400/dysphagia-therapy-post-stroke-an-exploration-of-the-practices-and-clinical-decision-making-of-speech-language-pathologists-in-australia
#4
Olivia Jones, Jade Cartwright, Anne Whitworth, Naomi Cocks
PURPOSE: A variety of dysphagia management options are available for the treatment of dysphagia following a stroke, however, it is unknown which of these approaches are most commonly utilised by Australian speech-language pathologists (SLPs) and whether particular factors influence decision-making. METHOD: The aim of this study was to investigate, through an online survey, the treatment practices of SLPs in Australia for the treatment of dysphagia post-stroke and identify the factors influencing treatment decisions...
January 12, 2017: International Journal of Speech-language Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28078454/measuring-competency-development-in-objective-evaluation-of-videofluoroscopic-swallowing-studies
#5
Natrah Ahmad Nordin, Anna Miles, Jacqui Allen
Clinical interpretation of videofluoroscopic swallow study (VFSS) has often been criticized for its poor objectivity and inter-rater agreement. In order to address this, objective VFSS measures have been developed, reported and demonstrated to be valid and reliable. However, widespread clinical implementation is lacking. Reasons cited include lack of training and excessive time taken to perform measures. This study investigated competency development in selected standardized objective VFSS measures among speech-language pathologists (SLPs) naive to quantitative measurement...
January 11, 2017: Dysphagia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28045638/treatment-of-chronic-cough
#6
Resha S Soni, Barbara Ebersole, Nausheen Jamal
Objective Chronic cough remains a challenging condition, especially in cases where it persists despite comprehensive medical management. For these particular patients, there appears to be an emerging role for behavior modification therapy. We report a series of patients with refractory chronic cough to assess if there is any benefit of adding behavioral therapy to their treatment regimen. Study Design A case series with planned chart review of patients treated for chronic cough. Setting The review was performed with an outpatient electronic health record system at a tertiary care center...
January 2017: Otolaryngology—Head and Neck Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28040342/voice-vibratory-assessment-with-laryngeal-imaging-vali-form-reliability-of-rating-stroboscopy-and-high-speed-videoendoscopy
#7
Bruce J Poburka, Rita R Patel, Diane M Bless
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of the study was to evaluate the inter-judge and intra-judge reliability of raters using the Voice-Vibratory Assessment with Laryngeal Imaging (VALI) rating form that was developed for assessing videostroboscopy and high-speed videoendoscopic (HSV) recordings. SUBJECTS AND METHODS: Nine speech-language pathologists with an average of 12.8 years of experience with laryngeal imaging were trained to use the VALI form for rating 66 de-identified and randomized samples with voice disorders...
December 28, 2016: Journal of Voice: Official Journal of the Voice Foundation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28039015/longitudinal-follow-up-to-evaluate-speech-disorders-in-early-treated-patients-with-infantile-onset-pompe-disease
#8
Yin-Ting Zeng, Wuh-Liang Hwu, Pao-Chuan Torng, Ni-Chung Lee, Jeng-Yi Shieh, Lu Lu, Yin-Hsiu Chien
BACKGROUND: Patients with infantile-onset Pompe disease (IOPD) can be treated by recombinant human acid alpha glucosidase (rhGAA) replacement beginning at birth with excellent survival rates, but they still commonly present with speech disorders. This study investigated the progress of speech disorders in these early-treated patients and ascertained the relationship with treatments. METHODS: Speech disorders, including hypernasal resonance, articulation disorders, and speech intelligibility, were scored by speech-language pathologists using auditory perception in seven early-treated patients over a period of 6 years...
December 19, 2016: European Journal of Paediatric Neurology: EJPN
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28032414/the-german-intelligibility-in-context-scale-ics-g-reliability-and-validity-evidence
#9
Sandra Neumann, Christian Rietz, Prisca Stenneken
BACKGROUND: In 2012 the Intelligibility in Context Scale (ICS) was published as a parent-report screening assessment that considers parents' perceptions of their children's functional intelligibility with a range of communication partners that differ in levels of authority and familiarity in real-life situations. To date, the ICS has been translated into 60 languages (including German). AIMS: To evaluate the psychometric properties of the German translation of the ICS ( = ICS-G), especially its reliability and validity, using four objective measures of speech sound disorder (SSD) severity: percentage of consonants correct (PCC); percentage of initial consonants correct (PICC); percentage of vowels correct (PVC); and percentage of phonemes correct (PPC)...
December 29, 2016: International Journal of Language & Communication Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28018754/dysphagia-management-and-stroke-units
#10
REVIEW
David G Smithard
Dysphagia is one of the many complications of stroke. It is common and is an independent marker of outcome. Dysphagia management is important. Although the speech and language pathologist is the key worker in dysphagia management, they are supported by all members of the multi-disciplinary team. Stroke patients should be screened on admission for the presence of dysphagia and assessed by the speech and language therapist (or appropriate professional), where indicated investigation should be undertaken to understand the swallowing physiology and to guide treatment...
2016: Current Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28007326/unilateral-vocal-fold-paralysis-a-systematic-review-of-speech-language-pathology-management
#11
REVIEW
Chloe Walton, Erin Conway, Helen Blackshaw, Paul Carding
OBJECTIVES: Dysphonia due to unilateral vocal fold paralysis (UVFP) can be characterized by hoarseness and weakness, resulting in a significant impact on patients' activity and participation. Voice therapy provided by a speech-language pathologist is designed to maximize vocal function and improve quality of life. The purpose of this paper is to systematically review literature surrounding the effectiveness of speech-language pathology intervention for the management of UVFP in adults...
December 19, 2016: Journal of Voice: Official Journal of the Voice Foundation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28002479/recovernow-feasibility-of-a-mobile-tablet-based-rehabilitation-intervention-to-treat-post-stroke-communication-deficits-in-the-acute-care-setting
#12
Karen H Mallet, Rany M Shamloul, Dale Corbett, Hillel M Finestone, Simon Hatcher, Jim Lumsden, Franco Momoli, Michel C F Shamy, Grant Stotts, Richard H Swartz, Christine Yang, Dar Dowlatshahi
BACKGROUND: Approximately 40% of patients diagnosed with stroke experience some degree of aphasia. With limited health care resources, patients' access to speech and language therapies is often delayed. We propose using mobile-platform technology to initiate early speech-language therapy in the acute care setting. For this pilot, our objective was to assess the feasibility of a tablet-based speech-language therapy for patients with communication deficits following acute stroke. METHODS: We enrolled consecutive patients admitted with a stroke and communication deficits with NIHSS score ≥1 on the best language and/or dysarthria parameters...
2016: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28001275/speech-language-pathology-findings-in-attention-deficit-hyperactivity-disorder-a-systematic-literature-review
#13
Nárli Machado-Nascimento, Arthur Melo E Kümmer, Stela Maris Aguiar Lemos
Purpose: To systematically review the scientific production on the relationship between Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) and Speech-language Pathology and to methodologically analyze the observational studies on the theme. Research strategies: Systematic review of the literature conducted at the databases Medical Literature Analysis and Retrieval System online (MEDLINE, USA), Literature of Latin America and the Caribbean Health Sciences (LILACS, Brazil) and Spanish Bibliographic Index of Health Sciences (IBECS, Spain) using the descriptors: "Language", "Language Development", "Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder", "ADHD" and "Auditory Perception"...
November 2016: CoDAS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28001273/effect-of-speech-language-therapy-after-low-level-laser-therapy-in-patients-with-tmd-a-descriptive-study
#14
Melissa de Oliveira Melchior, Bárbara Cristina Zanandréa Machado, Lais Valencise Magri, Marcelo Oliveira Mazzetto
Increased pain and/or discomfort during chewing, speaking, and swallowing have been commonly reported by patients with Temporomandibular Dysfunction (TMD). Speech-language pathology therapy (orofacial myofunctional therapy - OMT) has been proposed as part of the treatment for this condition; however, it is a modality that should be introduced when the TMD context and the pain are not accentuated, so that they do not prevent or hinder the performance of exercises. The aim of this study was to analyze the effect of OMT on the treatment of patients with TMD, according to the Research Diagnostic Criteria for Temporomandibular Disorders (RDC/TMD), after analgesia with low-level laser therapy (LLLT), regarding orofacial myofunctional conditions (OMC) and the perception of TMD symptoms...
November 2016: CoDAS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27993501/are-instructions-to-manipulate-specific-parameters-of-laryngeal-function-associated-with-auditory-perceptual-ratings-of-voice-quality-in-nondisordered-speakers
#15
Catherine J Madill, Christine Sheard, Robert Heard
OBJECTIVES/HYPOTHESIS: This preliminary study investigated whether auditory-perceptual judgments of voice quality by experienced speech language pathologists were associated with instructions given to speakers to manipulate specific laryngeal postures. STUDY DESIGN: Experimental, within-subject design. METHODS: Nine speakers were instructed and trained to manipulate three vocal parameters implicated in functional voice disorders-false vocal fold constriction, vocal fold mass, and larynx height-while reading a standard passage...
December 16, 2016: Journal of Voice: Official Journal of the Voice Foundation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27990716/quantitative-measurement-of-communication-ability-in-children-with-angelman-syndrome
#16
Joseph C Grieco, Ruth H Bahr, Mike R Schoenberg, Laura Conover, Lauren N Mackie, Edwin J Weeber
BACKGROUND: Angelman syndrome is a rare disorder in which most individuals do not develop speech. Testing of communication ability using traditional neuropsychological measures reveals a performance level at or near the floor of the instrument resulting in an inability to detect change when experimental therapeutics are applied. METHODS: Nine individuals, with molecularly confirmed AS, ranging in age from 34 to 126 months, and a single healthy control child (age 16 months) were audio and video-recorded while interacting with a licensed speech-language pathologist in an attempt to elicit vocalization and non-verbal communication...
December 19, 2016: Journal of Applied Research in Intellectual Disabilities: JARID
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27982252/standard-operating-procedure-implementation-critical-analysis-and-validation-in-the-audiology-department-at-cesteh-fiocruz
#17
Anelisse Vasco Mascarenhas de Freitas, Elinaldo Leite Quixabeiro, Geórgia Rosangela Soares Luz, Viviane Moreira Franco, Viviane Fontes Dos Santos
Purpose: Evaluate three standard operational procedures (SOPs), regarding the application of the brainstem auditory evoked potential (BAEP) test, implemented by the Audiology Department of the Center for Studies in Occupational Health and Human Ecology (CESTEH) through the application of a questionnaire and to verify whether the SOPs are effective and assess the necessity for improvement. Methods: The study was conducted in three phases: in the first phase, eight speech-language pathologists and seven physicians, with no experience in BAEP, were instructed to read and perform each SOP, eventually all individuals evaluated the SOPs by responding to a questionnaire; in the second phase, the questionnaires were analyzed and the three SOP texts were reviewed; in the third phase, nine speech-language pathologists and six physicians, also with no experience in BAEP, read and re-evaluated the reviewed SOPs through a questionnaire...
November 2016: CoDAS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27982250/preparation-and-applicability-of-a-test-of-speech-perception-with-pictures
#18
Laís Flavia de Souza, Gabriela Rosito Alvarez Bernardez Braga, Ana Lúcia Rios Mota, Nelma Ellen Zamberlan-Amorim, Ana Cláudia Mirândola Barbosa Reis
Purpose: To prepare and apply support material for responses to the Speech Recognition Percentage Index (SRPI) test in children. Methods: This is a descriptive, exploratory study conducted in two phases: in the first phase, 31 speech-language pathologists (referees) prepared material composed of regular, frequently used monosyllabic and disyllabic words belonging to the vocabulary of children and figures that could represent these words; the second phase consisted in the application of this material to 30 normal-hearing children aged 2 to 4 years and 11 months...
November 2016: CoDAS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27917704/parent-child-interaction-in-motor-speech-therapy
#19
Aravind Kumar Namasivayam, Vibhuti Jethava, Margit Pukonen, Anna Huynh, Debra Goshulak, Robert Kroll, Pascal van Lieshout
PURPOSE: This study measures the reliability and sensitivity of a modified Parent-Child Interaction Observation scale (PCIOs) used to monitor the quality of parent-child interaction. The scale is part of a home-training program employed with direct motor speech intervention for children with speech sound disorders. METHOD: Eighty-four preschool age children with speech sound disorders were provided either high- (2×/week/10 weeks) or low-intensity (1×/week/10 weeks) motor speech intervention...
December 5, 2016: Disability and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27908200/development-of-an-internet-version-of-the-lidcombe-program-of-early-stuttering-intervention-a-trial-of-part-1
#20
Sabine Van Eerdenbrugh, Ann Packman, Mark Onslow, Sue O'brian, Ross Menzies
PURPOSE: There is evidence that access to treatment for early stuttering is not available for all who need it. An internet version of the Lidcombe Program for early stuttering (Internet-LP) has been developed to deal with this shortfall. The LP is suitable for such development because it is delivered by parents in the child's everyday environment, with training by a speech-language pathologist. A Phase I trial of Internet-LP Part 1, comprising parent training, is reported here. METHOD: Eight parents of pre-schoolers who stutter were recruited and six completed the trial...
December 2, 2016: International Journal of Speech-language Pathology
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