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Speech-language pathologist

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28525581/tutorial-speech-assessment-for-multilingual-children-who-do-not-speak-the-same-language-s-as-the-speech-language-pathologist
#1
Sharynne McLeod, Sarah Verdon
Purpose: The aim of this tutorial is to support speech-language pathologists (SLPs) undertaking assessments of multilingual children with suspected speech sound disorders, particularly children who speak languages that are not shared with their SLP. Method: The tutorial was written by the International Expert Panel on Multilingual Children's Speech, which comprises 46 researchers (SLPs, linguists, phoneticians, and speech scientists) who have worked in 43 countries and used 27 languages in professional practice...
May 19, 2017: American Journal of Speech-language Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28524269/paradoxical-perceptions-towards-the-introduction-of-assistants-in-speech-language-pathology-and-potential-impact-on-consumers
#2
Rachael O'Brien, Rebecca Mitchell, Nicole Byrne
RATIONALE AND AIM: Working with assistants has the potential to be an economically and professionally sustainable solution to workforce shortages in speech-language pathology. However, there is some resistance to the workforce redesign, and factors that determine how assistants are utilised are not well understood. The aim of this study was to understand the perceptions that engender professional resistance and identify factors that may lessen such resistance. METHOD: Semi-structured interviews were conducted with 20 speech-language pathologists (SLPs) to learn about perceptions towards implementing assistants into the profession...
May 19, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Caring Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28521557/metacognitive-verb-production-in-adolescents-the-link-to-complex-syntax
#3
Marilyn A Nippold, Laura M Vigeland, Megan W Frantz-Kaspar
Metacognitive verbs (MCVs) such as believe, know and think allow a speaker to describe the thoughts, feelings and perspectives of the self and others. As such, these words reflect the speaker's awareness of differing mental events and activities, or Theory of Mind (ToM). This study investigated the use of MCVs in adolescents with typical language development in relation to the production of complex sentences. It was of interest to determine the frequency with which adolescents used MCVs and to explore the links between MCVs and different types of subordinate clauses...
May 19, 2017: Clinical Linguistics & Phonetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28514476/mary-s-case-an-illustration-of-interprofessional-collaborative-practice-for-a-child-with-severe-disabilities
#4
Billy T Ogletree, Nancy Brady, Susan Bruce, Evan Dean, MaryAnn Romski, Lorraine Sylvester, David Westling
Purpose: The principles of interprofessional collaborative practice (IPCP) are illustrated through the case of Mary, a child with severe disabilities. Method: Mary's experiences from early childhood to young adulthood are highlighted by both optimal and less-than-ideal examples of clinical services and collaborative practice. The range of collaboration illustrates potential variations in service delivery. Thematic comments and resources are provided by professionals experienced with and committed to IPCP who represent the following four disciplines: occupational therapy, physical therapy, special education, and speech-language pathology...
May 17, 2017: American Journal of Speech-language Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28514475/cotreatment-as-a-vehicle-for-interprofessional-collaborative-practice-physical-therapists-and-speech-language-pathologists-collaborating-in-the-care-of-children-with-severe-disabilities
#5
Lorraine Sylvester, Billy T Ogletree, Karen Lunnen
Purpose: This article defines interprofessional collaborative practice and links its key features with accepted practice conceptualizations of physical therapy. Cotreatment with speech-language pathology is described as a vehicle for interprofessional collaborative practice for children with severe disabilities. Method: The article reviews the International Classification of Functioning, Disability, and Health (WHO, 2015) and the Hypothesis-Oriented Algorithm for Clinicians II (Rothstein, Echternach, & Riddle, 2003) as existing service-delivery frameworks in physical therapy and discusses how interprofessional collaborative practice between speech-language pathologists and physical therapists can be useful within these practice guidelines...
May 17, 2017: American Journal of Speech-language Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28514474/comprehensive-literacy-instruction-interprofessional-collaborative-practice-and-students-with-severe-disabilities
#6
Karen A Erickson
Purpose: The purpose of this clinical focus article is to briefly describe comprehensive emergent and conventional literacy instruction for students with severe disabilities. Specific attention is given to interprofessional collaborative practice and the roles of team members in planning and delivering instruction. Method: A rationale for the delivery of comprehensive instruction that balances skill and meaning emphases is provided with reference to new college and career readiness standards, the literature on literacy acquisition for students without disabilities, and, when possible, the literature on literacy acquisition for students with severe disabilities...
May 17, 2017: American Journal of Speech-language Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28514473/effective-team-practices-interprofessional-contributions-to-communication-issues-with-a-parent-s-perspective
#7
Karena Cooper-Duffy, Kerri Eaker
Purpose: This clinical focus article contains a detailed description of how to build effective teams that use interprofessional collaborative practice (IPCP) with special-education professionals, speech-language pathologists, and families of children with severe disabilities. Method: This clinical focus article provides information on using the essential elements of team building and IPCP to provide quality care to families who have children with severe disabilities...
May 17, 2017: American Journal of Speech-language Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28514471/addressing-the-communication-and-other-needs-of-persons-with-severe-disabilities-through-engaged-interprofessional-teams-introduction-to-a-clinical-forum
#8
Billy T Ogletree
Purpose: Interprofessional collaborative practice (IPCP) is introduced as a viable and preferred clinical methodology for speech-language pathologists and others serving persons with severe disabilities. Contributions to this clinical forum dedicated to IPCP and severe disabilities are described. Method: This clinical focus article introduces IPCP and reviews literature specific to its origins and effectiveness, defines severe disabilities, and proposes IPCP as a vital tenet in effective communication-related and other service delivery for this population...
May 17, 2017: American Journal of Speech-language Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28503656/communication-bridge-a-pilot-feasibility-study-of-internet-based-speech-language-therapy-for-individuals-with-progressive-aphasia
#9
Emily J Rogalski, Marie Saxon, Hannah McKenna, Christina Wieneke, Alfred Rademaker, Marya E Corden, Kathryn Borio, M-Marsel Mesulam, Becky Khayum
INTRODUCTION: Individuals with aphasia symptoms due to neurodegenerative dementia are under-referred for speech-language therapy (SLT) services. We sought to determine the feasibility of utilizing telepractice, via Internet video conferencing, to connect an individual with progressive aphasia due to dementia to a speech-language pathologist for treatment. METHODS: Participants received an Initial Evaluation, 8 person-centered Internet-based SLT sessions and two Post-Therapy Evaluations...
November 2016: Alzheimer's & Dementia: Translational Research & Clinical Interventions
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28499735/turkish-standardized-reading-passage-for-the-evaluation-of-hard-glottal-attack-occurrence-frequency
#10
Melek Nur Uygun, Fatma Esen Aydınlı, Songül Aksoy, Esra Özcebe
OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to develop a Turkish reading passage that can be used in evaluating the frequency of hard glottal attack (HGA) and to assess its reliability. STUDY DESIGN: This is a prospective case-control study. METHODS: The Towne-Heuer reading passage is a valuable tool that can be used for the auditory-perceptual assessment of voice. The characteristics of the first four paragraphs of the reading passage were analyzed by a linguist...
May 9, 2017: Journal of Voice: Official Journal of the Voice Foundation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28489962/development-and-validation-of-a-screening-procedure-to-identify-speech-language-delay-in-toddlers-with-cleft-palate
#11
Line Dahl Jørgensen, Elisabeth Willadsen
The purpose of this study was to develop and validate a clinically useful speech-language screening procedure for young children with cleft palate ± cleft lip (CP) to identify those in need of speech-language intervention. Twenty-two children with CP were assigned to a +/- need for intervention conditions based on assessment of consonant inventory using a real-time listening procedure in combination with parent-reported expressive vocabulary. These measures allowed evaluation of early speech-language skills found to correlate significantly with later speech-language performance in longitudinal studies of children with CP...
May 10, 2017: Clinical Linguistics & Phonetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28488902/designing-augmentative-and-alternative-communication-applications-the-results-of-focus-groups-with-speech-language-pathologists-and-parents-of-children-with-autism-spectrum-disorder
#12
Jamie B Boster, John W McCarthy
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to gain insight from speech-language pathologists (SLPs) and parents of children with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) regarding appealing features of augmentative and alternative communication (AAC) applications. METHOD: Two separate 1-hour focus groups were conducted with 8 SLPs and 5 parents of children with ASD to identify appealing design features of AAC Apps, their benefits and potential concerns. Participants were shown novel interface designs for communication mode, play mode and incentive systems...
May 10, 2017: Disability and Rehabilitation. Assistive Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28487827/an-automatic-prolongation-detection-approach-in-continuous-speech-with-robustness-against-speaking-rate-variations
#13
Iman Esmaili, Nader Jafarnia Dabanloo, Mansour Vali
In recent years, many methods have been introduced for supporting the diagnosis of stuttering for automatic detection of prolongation in the speech of people who stutter. However, less attention has been paid to treatment processes in which clients learn to speak more slowly. The aim of this study was to develop a method to help speech-language pathologists (SLPs) during diagnosis and treatment sessions. To this end, speech signals were initially parameterized to perceptual linear predictive (PLP) features...
January 2017: Journal of Medical Signals and Sensors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28483151/postoperative-swallowing-assessment-after-lung-transplantation
#14
Brooke Baumann, Sara Byers, Tamara Wasserman-Wincko, Libby Smith, Bridget Hathaway, Jay Bhama, Norihisa Shigemura, J W Awori Hayanga, Jonathan D'Cunha, Jonas T Johnson
BACKGROUND: Dysphagia, aspiration, and potential pneumonia represent a major source of morbidity in patients undergoing lung transplantation. Conditions that potentiate dysphagia and aspiration include frailty and prolonged intubation. Our group of speech-language pathologists has been actively involved in performance of a bedside evaluation of swallowing, and instrumental evaluation of swallowing with modified barium swallow, and postoperative management in patients undergoing lung transplantation...
May 5, 2017: Annals of Thoracic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28463013/community-listeners-perceptions-of-voice-function-post-radiotherapy-for-laryngeal-cancer
#15
Liza Bergström, Elizabeth C Ward, Caterina Finizia
PURPOSE: Successful communication is influenced by communication partners, the community and communication environment. This study examines community members' perceptions of voice function following laryngeal cancer management compared to ratings by clinicians and patients. METHOD: Sixty-six (Tis-T3) laryngeal cancer patients post-radiotherapy, 10 community members and three speech-language pathologists (clinicians) were recruited. Patients completed voice recordings and self-rated voice quality and acceptability, six months post-radiotherapy...
May 2, 2017: International Journal of Speech-language Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28460587/speech-outcomes-at-5-and-10-years-of-age-after-one-stage-palatal-repair-with-muscle-reconstruction-in-children-born-with-isolated-cleft-palate
#16
Jill Nyberg, Erik Neovius, Anette Lohmander
BACKGROUND: The aim of this study was to investigate speech outcomes in children with clefts in the hard and/or soft palate only (CPH/CPS), in order to determine the prevalence of cleft speech characteristics, the change between 5 and 10 years of age, and the difference in occurrence between CPH and CPS. METHODS: A consecutive series of 88 children born with CPH or CPS were included in a retrospective cohort. All participants were treated with one-stage palatal repair using a minimal incision technique with muscle reconstruction (mean age 13 months)...
May 2, 2017: Journal of Plastic Surgery and Hand Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28443686/combined-clinician-parent-delivery-of-rapid-syllable-transition-rest-treatment-for-childhood-apraxia-of-speech
#17
Donna C Thomas, Patricia McCabe, Kirrie J Ballard
PURPOSE: Although speech-language pathologists use parent-delivered home-practice, little is known about the quality of this practice and its relation to treatment efficacy. This study reports both treatment outcomes and fidelity following combined clinician-parent delivery of Rapid Syllable Transition (ReST) treatment. METHOD: Five children aged 5:1-11:7 with childhood apraxia of speech received 12 treatment sessions; six clinic-based and six at home, using multiple baselines across participants design...
April 26, 2017: International Journal of Speech-language Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28436053/measuring-family-centred-practices-of-professionals-in-early-intervention-services-in-taiwan
#18
L-J Kang, R J Palisano, R J Simeonsson, A-W Hwang
BACKGROUND: Family-centred practices emphasize professional supports for forming partnerships with families in early intervention. The Measure of Processes of Care for Service Providers (MPOC-SP) measures the perceptions of paediatric service providers in supporting children and families. This study aimed to establish reliability of the Chinese version of the MPOC-SP (C-MPOC-SP) and to examine professional perceptions of family-centred practices in relation to professional discipline and years of experience...
April 23, 2017: Child: Care, Health and Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28425759/speech-pathology-as-the-masterchef-getting-the-right-ingredients-and-stirring-the-pot
#19
Pam Enderby
The purpose of this paper is to consider the many influences that have an impact on appropriate speech-language pathology service delivery. The competitive cooking and entertainment television program, MasterChef, is used as an analogy to consider the ingredients, blend and approach required to improve speech-language pathology services. Speech-language pathologists (SLPs) enter the profession with the aim of assisting those with communication and swallowing disorders to have a better quality of life. Thus, we should be restless to continue to improve our services in order to achieve the best influence and outcomes by changing our recipes and ingredients...
February 16, 2017: International Journal of Speech-language Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28400488/predictors-of-dysphagia-in-acute-pontine-infarction
#20
Sriramya Lapa, Sebastian Luger, Waltraud Pfeilschifter, Christian Henke, Marlies Wagner, Christian Foerch
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Little is known about the frequency and the clinical characteristics of neurogenic dysphagia in pontine strokes. In this study, we sought to identify predictors for dysphagia in a cohort of patients with isolated pontine infarctions. METHODS: We included all patients admitted to our department between 2008 and 2014 having an acute (<48 hours after symptom onset) ischemic stroke in the pons, as documented by means of diffusion-weighted magnetic resonance imaging...
May 2017: Stroke; a Journal of Cerebral Circulation
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