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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29668144/-majority-in-asylum-seekers-and-unaccompanied-minors-practical-aspects-for-an-effective-inter-professional-approach
#1
Thomas Pernin, Dagmar M Haller, Anne Meynard, Françoise Narring
An unaccompanied minor is a young person under 18 years of age separated from both parents and who is not cared for by an adult invested of this responsability by law or the custom. Their number has increased in Switzerland in 2015, prompting medical and social professionals to adapt their care to respond more appropriately to their needs. Specific elements of an initial health check for these young people, transcultural skills and a good knowledge of the network are necessary to provide optimal management...
April 18, 2018: Revue Médicale Suisse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29668008/the-secular-trend-and-network-effects-on-height-of-male-japanese-students-from-1955-to-2015
#2
Dominik Bents, Detlef Groth, Takashi Satake
Introduction : Body height is influenced by biological factors such as genetics, nutrition and health, but also by the social network, and environmental and economical factors. During centuries, the Japanese society has developed on islands. This setting provides ideal natural conditions for studying the influence of social networks on human height. Material and methods : We investigated body height of male Japanese students aged 17.5 years obtained in 47 prefectures, from the Japanese school health survey of the years 1955, 1975, 1995, and 2015...
April 18, 2018: Anthropologischer Anzeiger; Bericht über die Biologisch-anthropologische Literatur
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29666594/association-of-lower-spiritual-well-being-social-support-self-esteem-subjective-well-being-optimism-and-hope-scores-with-mild-cognitive-impairment-and-mild-dementia
#3
Sabrina B Dos Santos, Gabrielli P Rocha, Liana L Fernandez, Analuiza C de Padua, Caroline T Reppold
Introduction: Positive psychology (PP) constructs contribute significantly to a better quality of life for people with various diseases. There are still few studies that have evaluated the evolution of these aspects during the progression of dementia. Objective: To compare the scores for self-esteem, life satisfaction, affect, spirituality, hope, optimism and perceived support network between elderly people with mild cognitive impairment (MCI), mild dementia and moderate dementia and control group. Methods: Cross-sectional study...
2018: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29666042/relationship-between-evidence-requirements-user-expectations-and-actual-experiences-usability-evaluation-of-the-twazon-arabic-weight-loss-app
#4
Aroub Alnasser, Janet Kyle, Abdulrahman Alkhalifah, Debbi Marais
BACKGROUND: Saudi Arabia has faced a steady growth in the prevalence of obesity. The concurrent and ubiquitous use of mobile technology, such as smartphones and apps, provides an opportunity for the implementation of mHealth technology, a method for delivering behavioral interventions. Despite their effectiveness in promoting lifestyle and diet modification, culturally adapted weight loss apps and related interventions are lacking in Gulf Cooperation Council countries. OBJECTIVE: The objective of our study was to identify the relationship between adherence to evidence-informed practices, potential user expectations, and actual user experiences in order to enhance the understanding of the overall usability of the Twazon Arabic weight loss app...
April 17, 2018: JMIR Human Factors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29665855/dutch-citizens-of-turkish-origin-who-utilize-healthcare-services-in-turkey-a-qualitative-study-on-motives-and-contextual-factors
#5
Aydın Şekercan, Anke J Woudstra, Ron J G Peters, Majda Lamkaddem, Seval Akgün, Marie-Louise Essink-Bot
BACKGROUND: Dutch residents of Turkish origin frequently utilize healthcare in Turkey. METHODS: To investigate their motives for doing so, we conducted a qualitative study among these healthcare users using semi-structured interviews. We complemented this with informal conversations with Turkish healthcare providers and observations at the registration offices and waiting rooms of outpatient clinics in several Turkish hospitals. RESULTS: Respondents believed their perceived needs for referral to specialist care and diagnostic assessments to quantify their health were not being met in the Netherlands...
April 17, 2018: BMC Health Services Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29665828/defining-the-global-health-system-and-systematically-mapping-its-network-of-actors
#6
Steven J Hoffman, Clarke B Cole
BACKGROUND: The global health system has faced significant expansion over the past few decades, including continued increase in both the number and diversity of actors operating within it. However, without a stronger understanding of what the global health system encompasses, coordination of actors and resources to address today's global health challenges will not be possible. METHODS: This study presents a conceptually sound and operational definition of the global health system...
April 17, 2018: Globalization and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29665570/from-resilience-thinking-to-resilience-planning-lessons-from-practice
#7
M M Sellberg, P Ryan, S T Borgström, A V Norström, G D Peterson
Resilience thinking has frequently been proposed as an alternative to conventional natural resource management, but there are few studies of its applications in real-world settings. To address this gap, we synthesized experiences from practitioners that have applied a resilience thinking approach to strategic planning, called Resilience Planning, in regional natural resource management organizations in Australia. This case represents one of the most extensive and long-term applications of resilience thinking in the world today...
April 14, 2018: Journal of Environmental Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29664969/putting-a-premium-on-altruism-a-social-discounting-experiment-with-south-african-university-students
#8
Frederik Booysen, Sevias Guvuriro, Alistair Munro, Tshepo Moloi, Celeste Campher
This paper reports on a social discounting experiment conducted with university students in South Africa. In line with other social discounting task experiments, participants identify target individuals at different degrees of intimacy in their social network and then make 10 choices involving sums of money for themselves or their targets. For an altruism premium to exist, senders' donations to recipients should be positive, statistically and economically significant, and independent of relationship closeness...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29663328/gamma-aminobutyric-acid-agonists-for-antipsychotic-induced-tardive-dyskinesia
#9
REVIEW
Samer Alabed, Youssef Latifeh, Husam Aldeen Mohammad, Hanna Bergman
BACKGROUND: Chronic antipsychotic drug treatment may cause tardive dyskinesia (TD), a long-term movement disorder. Gamma-aminobutyric acid (GABA) agonist drugs, which have intense sedative properties and may exacerbate psychotic symptoms, have been used to treat TD. OBJECTIVES: 1. Primary objectiveThe primary objective was to determine whether using non-benzodiazepine GABA agonist drugs for at least six weeks was clinically effective for the treatment of antipsychotic-induced TD in people with schizophrenia, schizoaffective disorder or other chronic mental illnesses...
April 17, 2018: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29661279/sources-of-distress-among-patients-undergoing-surgery-for-colorectal-cancer-a-qualitative-study
#10
Jonathan S Abelson, Alanna Chait, Megan J Shen, Mary Charlson, Anna Dickerman, Heather L Yeo
BACKGROUND: Distress is common among cancer and surgical patients and can lead to worse outcomes if untreated. The objective of this study was to explore sources of distress among colorectal cancer patients undergoing surgery. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This was a qualitative study using in-depth, semistructured, one-on-one interviews in an academic setting. Patients were recruited if they had a pathologically confirmed diagnosis of colon or rectal cancer. Purposive sampling was used to recruit patients who were about to undergo (preoperative), or had recently undergone (postoperative), curative resection for colorectal cancer...
June 2018: Journal of Surgical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29661223/youth-s-social-network-structures-and-peer-influences-study-protocol-mymovez-project-phase-i
#11
Kirsten E Bevelander, Crystal R Smit, Thabo J van Woudenberg, Laura Buijs, William J Burk, Moniek Buijzen
BACKGROUND: Youth are an important target group for social network interventions, because they are particularly susceptible to the adaptation of healthy and unhealthy habits and behaviors of others. They are surrounded by 'social influence agents' (i.e., role models such as family, friends and peers) that co-determine their dietary intake and physical activity. However, there is a lack of systematic and comprehensive research on the implementation of a social network approach in health campaigns...
April 16, 2018: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29661154/cross-sectional-and-longitudinal-factors-influencing-physical-activity-of-65-to-75-year-olds-a-pan-european-cohort-study-based-on-the-survey-of-health-ageing-and-retirement-in-europe-share
#12
Lena Lübs, Jenny Peplies, Carina Drell, Karin Bammann
BACKGROUND: The promotion of physical activity (PA) plays a major role for healthy ageing even in older age. There is a lack of cross-sectional and longitudinal studies explicitly dealing with barriers and drivers to PA in older adults. Therefore the aims of this study are a) to determine the prevalence of insufficient physical activity (IPA) in 65 to 75-year-olds in Europe and to identify factors associated with IPA in cross-section and b) to identify longitudinal risk factors for IPA in prior active persons...
April 16, 2018: BMC Geriatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29661006/the-healing-arts-and-social-capital-the-paston-women-of-fifteenth-century-england
#13
Ashlee Barwell
In late medieval England, women's informal and gratis healthcare services helped them to accumulate and recompense social capital, which improved their families' and their own status and resources. Given the precariousness of health, special skills in the healing arts had a particular power to create a sense of gratitude and obligation. Evidence comes from the 15th century letter collection of the Pastons, an ambitious gentry family from Norfolk. The Paston women appear both performing as healers in their kin networks and sending medical recipes and advice to their male and female relatives...
April 16, 2018: Canadian Bulletin of Medical History, Bulletin Canadien D'histoire de la Médecine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29660826/human-coronaviruses-and-other-respiratory-infections-in-young-adults-on-a-university-campus-prevalence-symptoms-and-shedding
#14
Brian M Davis, Betsy Foxman, Arnold S Monto, Ralph S Baric, Emily T Martin, Amra Uzicanin, Jeanette J Rainey, Allison E Aiello
BACKGROUND: The prevalence, symptom course, and shedding in persons infected with the four most common human coronaviruses (HCoV) -229E, HKU1, NL63 and OC43 are poorly described OBJECTIVES: We estimate their prevalence and associated symptoms among college students identified via a social network study design. PATIENTS/METHODS: We collected 1-3 samples (n=250 specimens) from 176 participants between October 2012 and January 17, 2013: participants with acute respiratory infection (ARI) (cough and body aches or chills or fever/feverishness) and their social contacts...
April 16, 2018: Influenza and Other Respiratory Viruses
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29660743/-rehabilitation-after-multiple-trauma
#15
Stefan Simmel
Many polytrauma patients report significant long-term impairments to their physical and mental health, resulting in a reduction of their quality of life. In addition to the obvious physical accident sequences, psychological influences and the individual context factors pose special challenges to the rehabilitation team and the infrastructure of the facility. Professional reintegration and chronic pain are particularly common problems in the trauma rehabilitation. The central task of rehabilitation after accidents is the restoration or substantial improvement of the functional health and thus the reintegration into the social and professional environment...
April 2018: Die Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29660093/posts-pics-or-polls-which-post-type-generates-the-greatest-engagement-in-a-facebook-physical-activity-intervention
#16
Sarah Edney, Jemma Looyestyn, Jillian Ryan, Jocelyn Kernot, Carol Maher
Social networking websites have attracted considerable attention as a delivery platform for physical activity interventions. Current evidence highlights a need to enhance user engagement with these interventions to actualize their potential. The purpose of this study was to determine which post type generates the most engagement from participants and whether engagement was related to change in physical activity in an intervention delivered via Facebook. Subgroup analysis of the intervention condition of a randomized controlled trial was conducted...
April 5, 2018: Translational Behavioral Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29659003/state-of-science-bridging-the-science-practice-gap-in-aging-dementia-and-mental-health
#17
Christopher M Callahan, Daniel R Bateman, Sophia Wang, Malaz A Boustani
The workforce available to care for older adults has not kept pace with the need. In response to workforce limitations and the growing complexity of healthcare, scientists have tested new models of care that redesign clinical practice. This article describes why new models of care in aging, dementia, and mental health diffuse inadequately into the healthcare systems and communities where they might benefit older adults. We review a general framework for the diffusion of innovations and highlight the importance of other features of innovations that deter or facilitate diffusion...
April 2018: Journal of the American Geriatrics Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29658798/mock-echo-a-simulation-based-medical-education-method
#18
Rebecca C Fowler, Joanna G Katzman, George D Comerci, Brian M Shelley, Daniel Duhigg, Cynthia Olivas, Thomas Arnold, Summers Kalishman, Rebecca Monnette, Sanjeev Arora
PROBLEM: This study was designed to develop a deeper understanding of the learning and social processes that take place during the simulation-based medical education for practicing providers as part of the Project ECHO® model, known as Mock ECHO training. The ECHO model is utilized to expand access to care of common and complex diseases by supporting the education of primary care providers with an interprofessional team of specialists via videoconferencing networks. INTERVENTION: Mock ECHO trainings are conducted through a train the trainer model targeted at leaders replicating the ECHO model at their organizations...
April 16, 2018: Teaching and Learning in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29657862/a-review-of-social-media-methods-and-lessons-learned-from-the-national-children-s-study
#19
REVIEW
Amelia Burke-Garcia, Kate Winseck, Leslie Cooke Jouvenal, David Hubble, Kathryn M Kulbicki
Introduction: Given the reach and influence of social media, the National Children's Study Vanguard Study evaluated the feasibility, acceptability, and cost of using social media to support participant retention. Methods: We describe a social media experiment designed to assess the impact of social media on participant retention, discuss several key considerations for integrating social media into longitudinal research, and review factors that may influence engagement in research-related social media...
August 2017: Journal of Clinical and Translational Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29657514/navigating-limited-and-uncertain-access-to-subsidized-housing-after-prison
#20
Danya E Keene, Alana Rosenberg, Penelope Schlesinger, Monica Guo, Kim M Blankenship
An emerging literature has documented the challenges that formerly incarcerated individuals face in securing stable housing. Given the increasingly unaffordable rental market, rental subsidies represent an important and understudied source of stable housing for this population. The existing literature has described substantial discretion and a varied policy landscape that determine former prisoners' access to housing subsidies, or subsidized housing spaces that are leased to members of their social and family networks...
2018: Housing Policy Debate
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