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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28329916/online-support-for-transgender-people-an-analysis-of-forums-and-social-networks
#1
Sabrina Cipolletta, Riccardo Votadoro, Elena Faccio
Transgender people face a range of personal and social conflicts that strongly influence their well-being. In many cases, the Internet can become the main resource in terms of finding support. The aim of this study was to understand how transgender people give and receive help online. Between 2013 and 2015, 122 online community conversations were collected on Italian forums and Facebook groups involving transgender people, and online interviews were conducted with 16 users of these communities. A qualitative content analysis was conducted by using the software package, NVivo10...
March 22, 2017: Health & Social Care in the Community
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28329871/variations-in-social-network-type-membership-among-older-african-americans-caribbean-blacks-and-non-hispanic-whites
#2
Ann W Nguyen
Objectives: This study examined race differences in the probability of belonging to a specific social network typology of family, friends, and church members. Method: Samples of African Americans, Caribbean blacks, and non-Hispanic whites aged 55+ were drawn from the National Survey of American Life. Typology indicators related to social integration and negative interactions with family, friendship, and church networks were used. Latent class analysis was used to identify typologies, and latent class multinomial logistic regression was used to assess the influence of race, and interactions between race and age, and race and education on typology membership...
February 28, 2017: Journals of Gerontology. Series B, Psychological Sciences and Social Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28329836/convoys-of-social-relations-in-cross-national-context
#3
Kristine J Ajrouch, Heather R Fuller, Hiroko Akiyama, Toni C Antonucci
Purpose of the Study: This study examines national variations in social networks among older adults across 4 countries in diverse regions of the world: Japan, Lebanon, Mexico, and the United States. The aim is to provide insights into universal as well as unique attributes of social networks in later life. Design and Methods: The analyses examine convoy characteristics among adults aged 50+ in metropolitan areas of Japan (N = 557), Lebanon (N = 284), Mexico (N = 556), and the United States (N = 583)...
January 19, 2017: Gerontologist
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28329829/-end-of-life-care-i-m-not-going-to-worry-about-that-yet-health-literacy-gaps-and-end-of-life-planning-among-elderly-dialysis-patients
#4
Keren Ladin, Katie Buttafarro, Emily Hahn, Susan Koch-Weser, Daniel E Weiner
Purpose: Between 2000 and 2012, the incident dialysis population in the United States increased by nearly 60%, most sharply among adults 75 years and older. End-of-life (EOL) conversations among dialysis patients are associated with better patient-centered outcomes and lower use of aggressive interventions in the last month of life. This study examined how health literacy may affect engagement, comprehension, and satisfaction with EOL conversations among elderly dialysis patients. Design and Methods: Qualitative/descriptive study with semi-structured interviews about health literacy, EOL conversations, and goals of care with 31 elderly dialysis patients at 2 centers in Boston...
March 10, 2017: Gerontologist
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28329823/a-typology-to-explain-changing-social-networks-post-stroke
#5
Sarah Northcott, Shashivadan P Hirani, Katerina Hilari
Background and Objectives: Social network typologies have been used to classify the general population but have not previously been applied to the stroke population. This study investigated whether social network types remain stable following a stroke, and if not, why some people shift network type. Research Design and Methods: We used a mixed methods design. Participants were recruited from two acute stroke units. They completed the Stroke Social Network Scale (SSNS) two weeks and six months post stroke and in-depth interviews 8-15 months following the stroke...
March 14, 2017: Gerontologist
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28329795/construct-validation-of-wenger-s-support-network-typology
#6
Agnes Szabo, Christine Stephens, Joanne Allen, Fiona Alpass
Objectives: The study aimed to validate Wenger's empirically derived support network typology of responses to the Practitioner Assessment of Network Type (PANT) in an older New Zealander population. The configuration of network types was tested across ethnic groups and in the total sample. Method: Data (N = 872, Mage = 67 years, SDage = 1.56 years) from the 2006 wave of the New Zealand Health, Work and Retirement study were analyzed using latent profile analysis...
October 7, 2016: Journals of Gerontology. Series B, Psychological Sciences and Social Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28329792/types-of-non-kin-networks-and-their-association-with-survival-in-late-adulthood-a-latent-class-approach
#7
Lea Ellwardt, Marja Aartsen, Theo van Tilburg
Objectives: Integration into social networks is an important determinant of health and survival in late adulthood. We first identify different types of non-kin networks among older adults and second, investigate the association of these types with survival rates. Method: Official register information on mortality is combined with data from the Longitudinal Aging Study Amsterdam (LASA). The sample includes 2,440 Dutch respondents aged 54-85 at baseline in 1992 and six follow-ups covering a time span of 20 years...
October 17, 2016: Journals of Gerontology. Series B, Psychological Sciences and Social Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28328153/behavioral-transcriptomic-and-epigenetic-responses-to-social-challenge-in-honey-bees
#8
Hagai Y Shpigler, Michael C Saul, Emma E Murdoch, Amy C Cash-Ahmed, Christopher H Seward, Laura Sloofman, Sriram Chandrasekaran, Saurabh Sinha, Lisa J Stubbs, Gene E Robinson
Understanding how social experiences are represented in the brain and shape future responses is a major challenge in the study of behavior. We addressed this problem by studying behavioral, transcriptomic and epigenetic responses to intrusion in honey bees. Previous research showed that initial exposure to an intruder provokes an immediate attack; we now show that this also leads to longer-term changes in behavior in the response to a second intruder, with increases in the probability of responding aggressively and the intensity of aggression lasting two and one hours, respectively...
March 22, 2017: Genes, Brain, and Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28328080/crowding-in-how-indian-civil-society-organizations-began-mobilizing-around-climate-change
#9
Tuomas Ylä-Anttila, Pradip Swarnakar
This paper argues that periodic waves of crowding-in to 'hot' issue fields are a recurring feature of how globally networked civil society organizations operate, especially in countries of the Global South. We elaborate on this argument through a study of Indian civil society mobilization around climate change. Five key mechanisms contribute to crowding-in processes: (1) the expansion of discursive opportunities; (2) the event effects of global climate change conferences; (3) the network effects created by expanding global civil society networks; (4) the adoption and innovation of action repertoires; and (5) global pressure effects creating new opportunities for civil society...
March 22, 2017: British Journal of Sociology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28327878/social-networks-in-nursing-work-processes-an-integrative-literature-review
#10
Ana Cláudia Mesquita, Cristina Mara Zamarioli, Francine Lima Fulquini, Emilia Campos de Carvalho, Emilia Luigia Saporiti Angerami
OBJECTIVE: To identify and analyze the available evidence in the literature on the use of social networks in nursing work processes. METHOD: An integrative review of the literature conducted in PubMed, CINAHL, EMBASE and LILACS databases in January 2016, using the descriptors social media, social networking, nursing, enfermagem, redes sociais, mídias sociais, and the keyword nursing practice, without year restriction. RESULTS: The sample consisted of 27 international articles which were published between 2011 and 2016...
March 20, 2017: Revista da Escola de Enfermagem da U S P
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28327593/characterisation-of-mental-health-conditions-in-social-media-using-informed-deep-learning
#11
George Gkotsis, Anika Oellrich, Sumithra Velupillai, Maria Liakata, Tim J P Hubbard, Richard J B Dobson, Rina Dutta
The number of people affected by mental illness is on the increase and with it the burden on health and social care use, as well as the loss of both productivity and quality-adjusted life-years. Natural language processing of electronic health records is increasingly used to study mental health conditions and risk behaviours on a large scale. However, narrative notes written by clinicians do not capture first-hand the patients' own experiences, and only record cross-sectional, professional impressions at the point of care...
March 22, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28326692/life-satisfaction-of-older-turks-living-in-australia
#12
Hülya Öztop, Bahar Kınacı
OBJECTIVE: This study examined the influence of socio-economic and demographic variables, the frequency of travel to Turkey and years of living in Sydney on the life satisfaction of older Turkish people. METHODS: This study was conducted with 110 participants of 60 years of age or older, at the New South Wales Turkish Welfare Association in Sydney, Australia. The surveys were administered face-to-face at a date and time these participants went to the Association...
March 2017: Australasian Journal on Ageing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28326160/the-neural-correlates-of-childhood-maltreatment-and-the-ability-to-understand-mental-states-of-others
#13
Charlotte C van Schie, Anne-Laura van Harmelen, Kirsten Hauber, Albert Boon, Eveline A Crone, Bernet M Elzinga
Background: Emotional abuse and emotional neglect are related to impaired interpersonal functioning. One underlying mechanism could be a developmental delay in mentalizing, the ability to understand other people's thoughts and emotions. Objective: This study investigates the neural correlates of mentalizing and the specific relationship with emotional abuse and neglect whilst taking into account the level of sexual abuse, physical abuse and physical neglect. Method: The RMET was performed in an fMRI scanner by 46 adolescents (Age: M = 18...
2017: European Journal of Psychotraumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28326037/differences-on-brain-connectivity-in-adulthood-are-present-in-subjects-with-iron-deficiency-anemia-in-infancy
#14
Cecilia Algarin, Keerthana Deepti Karunakaran, Sussanne Reyes, Cristian Morales, Betsy Lozoff, Patricio Peirano, Bharat Biswal
Iron deficiency continues to be the most prevalent micronutrient deficit worldwide. Since iron is involved in several processes including myelination, dopamine neurotransmission and neuronal metabolism, the presence of iron deficiency anemia (IDA) in infancy relates to long-lasting neurofunctional effects. There is scarce data regarding whether these effects would extend to former iron deficient anemic human adults. Resting state functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) is a novel technique to explore patterns of functional connectivity...
2017: Frontiers in Aging Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28325605/user-recommendation-in-healthcare-social-media-by-assessing-user-similarity-in-heterogeneous-network
#15
Ling Jiang, Christopher C Yang
OBJECTIVE: The rapid growth of online health social websites has captured a vast amount of healthcare information and made the information easy to access for health consumers. E-patients often use these social websites for informational and emotional support. However, health consumers could be easily overwhelmed by the overloaded information. Healthcare information searching can be very difficult for consumers, not to mention most of them are not skilled information searcher. In this work, we investigate the approaches for measuring user similarity in online health social websites...
March 18, 2017: Artificial Intelligence in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28325545/friends-alcohol-related-social-networking-site-activity-predicts-escalations-in-adolescent-drinking-mediation-by-peer-norms
#16
Jacqueline Nesi, W Andrew Rothenberg, Andrea M Hussong, Kristina M Jackson
PURPOSE: Adolescents' increased use of social networking sites (SNS) coincides with a developmental period of heightened risk for alcohol use initiation. However, little is known regarding associations between adolescents' SNS use and drinking initiation nor the mechanisms of this association. This study examined longitudinal associations among adolescents' exposure to friends' alcohol-related SNS postings, alcohol-favorable peer injunctive norms, and initiation of drinking behaviors...
March 18, 2017: Journal of Adolescent Health: Official Publication of the Society for Adolescent Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28324809/the-internet-as-a-source-of-information-used-by-women-after-childbirth-to-meet-their-need-for-information-a-web-based-survey
#17
J Slomian, O Bruyère, J Y Reginster, P Emonts
OBJECTIVE: the aims of this survey were: (a) to evaluate the need of information after childbirth and what questions do 'new' mothers ask themselves; (b) to assess why and how women use the Internet to meet their need of information; (c) to describe how the respondents evaluate the reliability of the information found; (d) to understand how the information found on the Internet affects women's decision-making; and (e) to appreciate how health professionals react to the information found by the women...
March 14, 2017: Midwifery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28324806/social-networking-site-sns-use-by-adolescent-mothers-can-social-support-and-social-capital-be-enhanced-by-online-social-networks-a-structured-review-of-the-literature
#18
REVIEW
Samantha Nolan, Joyce Hendricks, Sally Ferguson, Amanda Towell
AIMS AND OBJECTIVES: to critically appraise the available literature and summarise the evidence relating to adolescent mothers' use of social networking sites in terms of any social support and social capital they may provide and to identify areas for future exploration. BACKGROUND: social networking sites have been demonstrated to provide social support to marginalised individuals and provide psycho-social benefits to members of such groups. Adolescent mothers are at risk of; social marginalisation; anxiety disorders and depressive symptoms; and poorer health and educational outcomes for their children...
March 7, 2017: Midwifery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28324678/traumatic-stress-symptoms-after-the-november-13th-2015-terrorist-attacks-among-young-adults-the-relation-to-media-and-emotion-regulation
#19
Emmanuel Monfort, Mohammad Hassan Afzali
OBJECTIVE: A major terror attack occurred in the Paris region on 13th November 2015. This event was widely showed, described, and commented in the media. Media consumption may lead to a widespread diffusion of trauma-related symptoms following a collective trauma. These effects may depend on the type of media and emotion regulation strategies used by the media consumer. METHOD: Trauma history, traumatic symptoms, media consumption, psychological distress, and emotion regulation strategies of 451 young adults were assessed by an online survey...
March 6, 2017: Comprehensive Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28323851/the-effect-of-excluding-juveniles-on-apparent-adult-olive-baboons-papio-anubis-social-networks
#20
Piotr Fedurek, Julia Lehmann
In recent years there has been much interest in investigating the social structure of group living animals using social network analysis. Many studies so far have focused on the social networks of adults, often excluding younger, immature group members. This potentially may lead to a biased view of group social structure as multiple recent studies have shown that younger group members can significantly contribute to group structure. As proof of the concept, we address this issue by investigating social network structure with and without juveniles in wild olive baboons (Papio anubis) at Gashaka Gumti National Park, Nigeria...
2017: PloS One
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