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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29475107/effect-of-socio-economic-status-family-smoking-and-mental-health-through-social-network-on-the-substance-use-potential-in-adolescents-a-mediation-analysis
#1
H Sajjadi, Z Jorjoran Shushtari, S Mahboubi, H Rafiey, Y Salimi
OBJECTIVES: Understanding pathways that influence substance use potential (SUP) can help with effective substance use prevention interventions among adolescents. The aim of the present study is to contribute to a better understanding of the SUP of adolescents by examining the mediating role of social network quality in the SUP of Iranian adolescents. STUDY DESIGN: A cross-sectional study. METHODS: Structural equation modeling was conducted to assess the hypothesized model that social network quality would mediate the association of family socio-economic status, a mental health disorder, and family smoking with addiction potential...
February 20, 2018: Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29475103/increased-delayed-reward-during-intertemporal-decision-making-in-schizophrenic-patients-and-their-unaffected-siblings
#2
Lu Wang, Shengchun Jin, Kongliang He, Xingui Chen, Gongjun Ji, Xiaomeng Bai, Guixian Xiao, Huijuan Ma, Kai Wang
Intertemporal choices are decisions with consequences in multiple time periods and constitute a significant part of social cognition. The shared neuropathological characteristics of patients with schizophrenia and their siblings might express intermediate phenotypes in behavior that could be used to further characterize the illness. Schizophrenic patients, unaffected siblings, and healthy controls underwent a computerized version of the "Intertemporal Choice Task". All participants could choose between sooner-smaller (SS) and later-larger (LL) options in now-trials and in not-now-trials...
December 21, 2017: Psychiatry Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29474547/suicidal-ideation-and-suicide-attempts-among-women-seeking-treatment-for-substance-use-and-trauma-symptoms
#3
Stella M Resko, Sarah Kruman Mountain, Suzanne Browne, David C Kondrat, Michael Kral
Substance use disorders and posttraumatic stress disorder have been associated with suicide. Through secondary analysis of the screening data from the Women and Trauma Study conducted by the National Institute on Drug Abuse Clinical Trials Network, the present study examined rates and correlates of suicidal ideation and suicide attempts among women who sought treatment for substance use and trauma at seven outpatient substance use programs. The sample included women between the ages of 18 and 65 years (M = 39...
February 21, 2018: Health & Social Work
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29474488/sex-and-brain-region-specific-patterns-of-gene-expression-associated-with-socially-mediated-puberty-in-a-eusocial-mammal
#4
Mariela Faykoo-Martinez, D Ashley Monks, Iva B Zovkic, Melissa M Holmes
The social environment can alter pubertal timing through neuroendocrine mechanisms that are not fully understood; it is thought that stress hormones (e.g., glucocorticoids or corticotropin-releasing hormone) influence the hypothalamic-pituitary-gonadal axis to inhibit puberty. Here, we use the eusocial naked mole-rat, a unique species in which social interactions in a colony (i.e. dominance of a breeding female) suppress puberty in subordinate animals. Removing subordinate naked mole-rats from this social context initiates puberty, allowing for experimental control of pubertal timing...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29472177/implementation-of-the-enhanced-moderated-online-social-therapy-most-model-within-a-national-youth-e-mental-health-service-eheadspace-protocol-for-a-single-group-pilot-study-for-help-seeking-young-people
#5
Simon Rice, John Gleeson, Steven Leicester, Sarah Bendall, Simon D'Alfonso, Tamsyn Gilbertson, Eoin Killackey, Alexandra Parker, Reeva Lederman, Greg Wadley, Olga Santesteban-Echarri, Ingrid Pryor, Daveena Mawren, Aswin Ratheesh, Mario Alvarez-Jimenez
BACKGROUND: There is a substantial need for youth electronic mental health (e-mental health) services. In addressing this need, our team has developed a novel moderated online social therapy intervention called enhanced moderated online social therapy (MOST+). MOST+ integrates real-time, clinician-delivered Web chat counseling, interactive user-directed online therapy, expert and peer moderation, and private and secure peer-to-peer social networking. MOST+ has been designed to give young people immediate, 24-hour access to anonymous, evidence-based, and short-term mental health care...
February 22, 2018: JMIR Research Protocols
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29472173/co-designing-a-collaborative-chronic-care-network-c3n-for-inflammatory-bowel-disease-development-of-methods
#6
Michael Seid, George Dellal, Laura E Peterson, Lloyd Provost, Peter A Gloor, David Livingstone Fore, Peter A Margolis
BACKGROUND: Our health care system fails to deliver necessary results, and incremental system improvements will not deliver needed change. Learning health systems (LHSs) are seen as a means to accelerate outcomes, improve care delivery, and further clinical research; yet, few such systems exist. We describe the process of codesigning, with all relevant stakeholders, an approach for creating a collaborative chronic care network (C3N), a peer-produced networked LHS. OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to report the methods used, with a diverse group of stakeholders, to translate the idea of a C3N to a set of actionable next steps...
February 22, 2018: JMIR Human Factors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29471839/controlled-education-of-patients-after-stroke-ceops-nurse-led-multimodal-and-long-term-interventional-program-involving-a-patient-s-caregiver-to-optimize-secondary-prevention-of-stroke-study-protocol-for-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#7
Anne-Marie Mendyk, Alain Duhamel, Yannick Bejot, Didier Leys, Laurent Derex, Olivier Dereeper, Olivier Detante, Pierre-Yves Garcia, Olivier Godefroy, Francisco Macian Montoro, Jean-Philippe Neau, Sébastien Richard, Thierry Rosolacci, Igor Sibon, Denis Sablot, Serge Timsit, Mathieu Zuber, Charlotte Cordonnier, Régis Bordet
BACKGROUND: Setting up a follow-up secondary prevention program after stroke is difficult due to motor and cognitive impairment, but necessary to prevent recurrence and improve patients' quality of life. To involve a referent nurse and a caregiver from the patient's social circle in nurse-led multimodal and long-term management of risk factors after stroke could be an advantage due to their easier access to the patient and family. The aim of this study is to compare the benefit of optimized follow up by nursing personnel from the vascular neurology department including therapeutic follow up, and an interventional program directed to the patient and a caregiving member of their social circle, as compared with typical follow up in order to develop a specific follow-up program of secondary prevention of stroke...
February 22, 2018: Trials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29471719/an-fmri-study-of-loneliness-in-younger-and-older-adults
#8
Alexandra E D'Agostino, David Kattan, Turhan Canli
Loneliness, the subjective experience of social isolation, may reflect, in part, underlying neural processing of social signals. Aging may exacerbate loneliness due to decreased social networks and increased social isolation, or it may reduce loneliness due to preferential attentional processing of positive information and increased interactions with emotionally close partners. Here, we conducted a functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) study of loneliness in younger (N = 50, 26 female, Mage = 20.4) and older (N = 49, 30 female, Mage = 62...
February 23, 2018: Social Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29471251/adopting-data-interpretation-on-mining-fine-grained-near-repeat-patterns-in-crimes
#9
Ke Wang, Zhiping Cai, Peidong Zhu, Pengshuai Cui, Haoyang Zhu, Yangyang Li
The near-repeat effect is a well-known phenomenon in crime analysis. The classic research methods focus on two aspects. One is the geographical factor, which indicates the influence of a certain crime risk on other similar crime incidents in nearby places. The other is the social network, which demonstrates the contacts of the offenders and explain "near" as degrees instead of geographic distances. In our work, these coarse-grained patterns discovering methods are summarized as bundled-clues techniques...
February 17, 2018: Journal of Forensic and Legal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29471028/the-structural-and-functional-brain-networks-that-support-human-social-networks
#10
M P Noonan, R B Mars, J Sallet, R I M Dunbar, L K Fellows
Social skills rely on a specific set of cognitive processes, raising the possibility that individual differences in social networks are related to differences in specific brain structural and functional networks. Here, we tested this hypothesis with multimodality neuroimaging. With diffusion MRI (DMRI), we showed that differences in structural integrity of particular white matter (WM) tracts, including cingulum bundle, extreme capsule and arcuate fasciculus were associated with an individual's social network size (SNS)...
February 19, 2018: Behavioural Brain Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29470565/sociodemographic-medical-and-psychosocial-factors-associated-with-supportive-care-needs-in-adults-diagnosed-with-uveal-melanoma
#11
Timothy J Williamson, Alexandra Jorge-Miller, Tara A McCannel, Tammy M Beran, Annette L Stanton
Importance: Understanding supportive care needs in patients with cancer is important for developing approaches that enhance quality of life and promote satisfaction with care. Objective: To characterize the nature and frequency of sociodemographic, medical, and psychosocial factors associated with unmet needs in patients with uveal melanoma 1 week and 3 months after diagnosis. Design, Setting, and Participants: This 3-month, prospective, longitudinal survey study was conducted at a university-based ophthalmology practice from June 1, 2007, to July 1, 2011...
February 22, 2018: JAMA Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29470545/private-healthcare-provider-experiences-with-social-health-insurance-schemes-findings-from-a-qualitative-study-in-ghana-and-kenya
#12
Maia Sieverding, Cynthia Onyango, Lauren Suchman
BACKGROUND: Incorporating private healthcare providers into social health insurance schemes is an important means towards achieving universal health coverage in low and middle income countries. However, little research has been conducted about why private providers choose to participate in social health insurance systems in such contexts, or their experiences with these systems. We explored private providers' perceptions of and experiences with participation in two different social health insurance schemes in Sub-Saharan Africa-the National Health Insurance Scheme (NHIS) in Ghana and the National Hospital Insurance Fund (NHIF) in Kenya...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29470115/older-adults-social-relationships-and-health-care-utilization-a-systematic-review
#13
Nicole K Valtorta, Danielle Collingridge Moore, Lynn Barron, Daniel Stow, Barbara Hanratty
BACKGROUND: Deficiencies in older people's social relationships (including loneliness, social isolation, and low social support) have been implicated as a cause of premature mortality and increased morbidity. Whether they affect service use is unclear. OBJECTIVES: To determine whether social relationships are associated with older adults' use of health services, independently of health-related needs. SEARCH METHODS: We searched 8 electronic databases (MEDLINE, Embase, CINAHL, Web of Science, PsycINFO, Scopus, the Cochrane Library, and the Centre for Reviews and Dissemination) for data published between 1983 and 2016...
February 22, 2018: American Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29468345/social-explanations-of-lottery-play-new-evidence-based-on-national-survey-data
#14
Mark Lutter, Daria Tisch, Jens Beckert
This study examines the social contexts of gambling and analyzes social motivations for playing the lottery. We test three sociological approaches simultaneously: network effects, consumption theory, and strain theory. The data used (SOEP-IS, N = 5868 individuals) has several advantages beyond being a large-scale representative sample of the German population. With information on households, we can analyze social network effects while avoiding the problems of egocentric network data. Another benefit of the SOEP-IS is the panel structure...
February 21, 2018: Journal of Gambling Studies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29467257/product-diffusion-through-on-demand-information-seeking-behaviour
#15
Christoph Riedl, Johannes Bjelland, Geoffrey Canright, Asif Iqbal, Kenth Engø-Monsen, Taimur Qureshi, Pål Roe Sundsøy, David Lazer
Most models of product adoption predict S-shaped adoption curves. Here we report results from two country-scale experiments in which we find linear adoption curves. We show evidence that the observed linear pattern is the result of active information-seeking behaviour: individuals actively pulling information from several central sources facilitated by modern Internet searches. Thus, a constant baseline rate of interest sustains product diffusion, resulting in a linear diffusion process instead of the S-shaped curve of adoption predicted by many diffusion models...
February 2018: Journal of the Royal Society, Interface
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29467006/associations-within-school-based-same-sex-friendship-networks-of-children-s-physical-activity-and-sedentary-behaviours-a-cross-sectional-social-network-analysis
#16
Ruth E Salway, Simon J Sebire, Emma Solomon-Moore, Janice L Thompson, Russell Jago
BACKGROUND: Physical activity in children is associated with better physical and mental health but many children do not meet physical activity guidelines. Friendship groups are potentially an important influence on children's physical activity and sedentary time. This paper examines the association between children of physical activity and sedentary time in school-based same-sex friendship networks, for both moderate-to-vigorous intensity physical activity (MVPA) and sedentary time. Moreover, considering the methodological challenges of conducting and interpreting these analyses, we provide examples of how to analyse these data and interpret results to encourage further work in the area...
February 21, 2018: International Journal of Behavioral Nutrition and Physical Activity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29466516/-infoxication-in-health-health-information-overload-on-the-internet-and-the-risk-of-important-information-becoming-invisible
#17
Marcelo D Agostino, Felipe Medina Mejía, Myrna Martí, David Novillo-Ortiz, Flavio Hazrum, Federico G de Cosío
OBJECTIVE: The objectives of this study were to: 1) raise awareness of the volume of quality health information on the Internet; 2) explore perceptions of information professionals with regard to the use of qualified sources for health decision-making; and 3) make recommendations that facilitate strengthening health worker capacities and institutional competencies related to digital literacy. METHODS: A non-experimental, descriptive cross-sectional study was conducted with a non-probability sample of 32 information professionals from nine countries...
February 19, 2018: Revista Panamericana de Salud Pública, Pan American Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29465677/patterns-of-sexual-behavior-and-sexually-transmitted-infections-in-young-men-who-have-sex-with-men
#18
Sara A Vasilenko, Cara E Rice, Joshua G Rosenberger
PURPOSE: Young men who have sex with men (YMSM) are at an increased risk for sexually transmitted infections. Recent research has documented the importance of understanding the multidimensional nature of sexual risk behavior; however, little is known about how multidimensional patterns of sexual behavior among MSM may be associated with STIs. METHOD: This study applies latent class analysis to data from a large, HIV- sample of 18-25 year old MSM recruited from social and sexual networking websites (N = 5,965; 76% white, 11% Latino, 5% Black, 4% Asian, 4% other; 74% homosexual, 21% bisexual, 1% heterosexual, 3%, unsure/questioning 1% other) to uncover multidimensional patterns of past-year sexual behaviors, partner factors, and protective behavior and their associations with self-reported STI diagnosis...
November 21, 2017: Sexually Transmitted Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29465627/a-social-network-analysis-of-hiv-treatment-partners-and-patient-viral-suppression-in-botswana
#19
Laura M Bogart, Mosepele Mosepele, Nthabiseng Phaladze, Bright Lekoko, David J Klein, Sarah MacCarthy, Harold D Green
OBJECTIVE: Many national HIV guidelines recommend that healthcare providers encourage patients to identify a treatment partner from their social network to support antiretroviral therapy adherence. The present study examined associations of patient and treatment partner characteristics with patient viral suppression in Botswana. DESIGN: 131 patients [67 (51.1%) virally suppressed, 64 (48.9%) not suppressed] and their treatment partners were recruited for cross-sectional interviews from one HIV clinic...
February 20, 2018: Journal of Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndromes: JAIDS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29465594/understanding-the-productive-author-who-published-papers-in-medicine-using-national-health-insurance-database-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#20
Tsair-Wei Chien, Yu Chang, Hsien-Yi Wang
Many researchers used National Health Insurance database to publish medical papers which are often retrospective, population-based, and cohort studies. However, the author's research domain and academic characteristics are still unclear.By searching the PubMed database (Pubmed.com), we used the keyword of [Taiwan] and [National Health Insurance Research Database], then downloaded 2913 articles published from 1995 to 2017. Social network analysis (SNA), Gini coefficient, and Google Maps were applied to gather these data for visualizing: the most productive author; the pattern of coauthor collaboration teams; and the author's research domain denoted by abstract keywords and Pubmed MESH (medical subject heading) terms...
February 2018: Medicine (Baltimore)
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