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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29454257/infants-agent-individuation-it-s-what-s-on-the-insides-that-counts
#1
Hernando Taborda-Osorio, Erik W Cheries
Adults and preschool-aged children believe that internal properties are more important than external properties when determining an agent's identity over time. The current study examined the developmental origins of this understanding using a manual-search individuation task with 13-month-old infants. Subjects observed semi-transparent objects that looked and behaved like animate agents placed into box that they could reach but not see into. Across trials infants observed objects with either the same- or different-colored insides placed into the box...
February 14, 2018: Cognition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29454242/making-space-work-staff-socio-spatial-practices-in-a-paediatric-outpatient-department
#2
Tineke Water, Jill Wrapson, Stephen Reay, Katrina Ford
Studies of the characteristics of therapeutic landscapes have become common in medical geography. However, there is limited analysis of how therapeutic landscapes are produced. Based upon the qualitative theoretical thematic analysis of focus group data, this study examined the spatial work carried out by healthcare practitioners in a paediatric outpatients' department, turning unsatisfactory space into a therapeutic place. The study highlights the spatial strategies employed by staff to mitigate socio-spatial deficiencies in the healthcare environment...
February 14, 2018: Health & Place
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29454224/the-consonant-vowel-pattern-determines-the-structure-of-orthographic-representations-in-the-left-fusiform-gyrus
#3
Fabienne Chetail, Mariagrazia Ranzini, Xavier De Tiège, Vincent Wens, Alain Content
Recent findings demonstrated readers' sensitivity to the distinction between consonant and vowel letters. Especially, the way consonants and vowels are organised within written words determines their perceptual structure. The present work attempted to overcome two limitations of previous studies by examining the neurophysiological correlates of this perceptual structure through magnetoencephalography (MEG). One aim was to establish that the extraction of vowel-centred units takes place during early stages of processing...
February 2, 2018: Cortex; a Journal Devoted to the Study of the Nervous System and Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29454176/efficacy-of-intensive-voice-feminisation-therapy-in-a-transgender-young-offender
#4
Sterling Quinn, Nathaniel Swain
Research suggests that transgender young offenders are a uniquely vulnerable caseload that may benefit from speech pathology intervention to help bring their voice into alignment with their gender identity. However, no previous studies have investigated treatment efficacy in this population. This study investigated the impact of intensive voice feminisation therapy targeting fundamental frequency and oral resonance in a 17 year old transgender individual within a youth justice institution. Acoustic analysis, listener and self-ratings of vocal femininity, self-ratings of vocal satisfaction, a post-treatment structured interview, and pre- and post- treatment completion of the Transsexual Voice Questionnaire (TVQ MtF ) were utilised to determine treatment impact...
February 8, 2018: Journal of Communication Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29454140/weight-management-in-rural-health-clinics-the-midwest-diet-and-exercise-trial
#5
Anna M Gorczyca, Richard A Washburn, Lauren Ptomey, Matthew S Mayo, Debra K Sullivan, Cheryl A Gibson, Robert Lee, Sarah Stolte, Joseph E Donnelly
Obesity prevalence is higher in rural compared to urban residents. Rural health clinics offer a potential venue for delivery of weight management. However, traditional programs require travel to attend on-site meetings which is impractical or inconvenient for rural residents. Clinic staff in most rural settings are unlikely to be trained to provide effective weight management. Remote delivery using group phone conferences (GP) or individual phone calls (IP), by staff associated with rural clinics eliminates the need for travel to attend on-site meetings...
February 14, 2018: Contemporary Clinical Trials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29454031/expression-and-characterization-of-recombinant-rattusin-an-%C3%AE-defensin-related-peptide-with-a-homodimeric-scaffold-formed-by-intermolecular-disulfide-exchanges
#6
Sehyeon Ji, Hyosuk Yun, Gwansik Park, Hye Jung Min, Chul Won Lee
Rattusin is an α-defensin-related peptide isolated from the small intestine of rats. The primary sequence of linear rattusin is composed of 31 amino acids containing five cysteines with a unique spacing pattern. It forms a homodimeric scaffold in which the primary structure occurs in an antiparallel fashion formed by five intermolecular disulfide (SS) bonds. Rattusin is a highly potent antibiotic, which not only exhibits broad-spectrum antimicrobial activity, but also maintains its antimicrobial activity at physiological salt concentrations...
February 14, 2018: Protein Expression and Purification
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29453807/tunable-poly-methacrylic-acid-co-acrylamide-nanoparticles-through-inverse-emulsion-polymerization
#7
Justin X Zhong, John R Clegg, Eric W Ander, Nicholas A Peppas
Environmentally responsive biomaterials have played key roles in the design of biosensors and drug delivery vehicles. Their physical response to external stimuli, such as temperature or pH, can transduce a signal or trigger the release of a drug. In this work, we designed a robust, highly tunable, pH responsive nanoscale hydrogel system. We present the design and characterization of poly((methacrylic acid) - co - acrylamide) hydrogel nanoparticles, crosslinked with methylenebisacrylamide, through inverse emulsion polymerization...
February 17, 2018: Journal of Biomedical Materials Research. Part A
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29453781/commemoration-in-crisis-a-discursive-analysis-of-who-we-and-they-have-been-or-become-in-ceremonial-political-speeches-before-and-during-the-greek-financial-downturn
#8
Theofilos Gkinopoulos, Peter Hegarty
This study analyses the discourse of statements of the leaders of two Greek political parties commemorating the restoration of Greek democracy on 24 July 1974; the ruling party New Democracy and the opposition, Coalition of the Radical Left. We focus on how these leaders act as entrepreneurs of their identities by constructing their ingroups in broad or narrow terms and their outgroups in vague or specific terms. These constructions were ventured during a period of relative political stability (2008) and instability (2012), and we focus on how ingroup prototypes and group boundaries are narrated across Greece's past, present and future in ambiguous or concrete terms...
February 17, 2018: British Journal of Social Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29453778/-i-m-happy-to-own-my-implicit-biases-public-encounters-with-the-implicit-association-test
#9
Jeffery Yen, Kevin Durrheim, Romin W Tafarodi
The implicit association test (IAT) and concept of implicit bias have significantly influenced the scientific, institutional, and public discourse on racial prejudice. In spite of this, there has been little investigation of how ordinary people make sense of the IAT and the bias it claims to measure. This article examines the public understanding of this research through a discourse analysis of reactions to the IAT and implicit bias in the news media. It demonstrates the ways in which readers interpreted, related to, and negotiated the claims of IAT science in relation to socially shared and historically embedded concerns and identities...
February 16, 2018: British Journal of Social Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29453739/how-is-civic-engagement-related-to-personal-identity-and-social-identity-in-late-adolescents-and-emerging-adults-a-person-oriented-approach
#10
Lyda Lannegrand-Willems, Basilie Chevrier, Cyrille Perchec, Alexia Carrizales
Adolescence and emerging adulthood are periods in life when individuals both question and define their place in society and form their identity. Meanwhile, active youth civic engagement represents a challenge for each democracy. The purpose of this study was to analyze the different forms of civic engagement among late adolescents and emerging adults and how they are related to personal identity and social identity, while adopting an integrative perspective through the lens of a person-oriented approach. The participants were 1217 (62...
February 16, 2018: Journal of Youth and Adolescence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29453732/the-influence-of-postgraduate-qualifications-on-educational-identity-formation-of-healthcare-professionals
#11
Ahsan Sethi, Susie Schofield, Sean McAleer, Rola Ajjawi
Demand for postgraduate qualifications in medical education can be judged by the increase in providers worldwide over the last two decades. However, research into the impact of such courses on identity formation of healthcare professionals is limited. This study investigates the influence of such programmes on graduates' educational identities, practices and career progression. Informed by constructivist grounded theory (CGT), semi-structured interviews were conducted with 27 graduates (2008-2012) from one postgraduate programme, who were at different stages in their careers worldwide...
February 16, 2018: Advances in Health Sciences Education: Theory and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29453697/the-sacral-autonomic-outflow-is-parasympathetic-langley-got-it-right
#12
REVIEW
John P Horn
A recent developmental study of gene expression by Espinosa-Medina, Brunet and colleagues sparked controversy by asserting a revised nomenclature for divisions of the autonomic motor system. Should we re-classify the sacral autonomic outflow as sympathetic, as now suggested, or does it rightly belong to the parasympathetic system, as defined by Langley nearly 100 years ago? Arguments for rejecting Espinosa-Medina, Brunet et al.'s scheme subsequently appeared in e-letters and brief reviews. A more recent commentary in this journal by Brunet and colleagues responded to these criticisms by labeling Langley's scheme as a historical myth perpetuated by ignorance...
February 16, 2018: Clinical Autonomic Research: Official Journal of the Clinical Autonomic Research Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29453671/comparative-evaluation-of-pharmacokinetics-and-pharmacodynamics-of-insulin-glargine-glaritus-%C3%A2-and-lantus-%C3%A2-in-healthy-subjects-a-double-blind-randomized-clamp-study
#13
Ashima Bhatia, Shraddha Tawade, Mushtaque Mastim, Eliford Ngaimisi Kitabi, Mathangi Gopalakrishnan, Manish Shah, Sridhar Yeshamaina, Joga Gobburu, Maharaj Sahib, Dipak Thakur, K M Prasanna Kumar
AIMS: The objective of the study was to compare the pharmacokinetic (PK) and pharmacodynamic (PD) properties of an insulin glargine formulation, Glaritus ® (test) with the innovator's formulation Lantus ® (reference) using the euglycemic clamp technique in a single-dose, double-blind, randomized, two sequences, four-period replicate crossover study in healthy volunteers (n = 40). METHODS: Subjects received subcutaneous administration of the insulin glargine (0...
February 16, 2018: Acta Diabetologica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29453513/simultaneous-cell-disruption-and-lipid-extraction-of-wet-aurantiochytrium-sp-krs101-using-a-high-shear-mixer
#14
Minsoo Kwak, Seul Gi Kang, Won-Kyung Hong, Jong-In Han, Yong Keun Chang
Microalgae are regarded as a promising source of biofuels, and the concept of a microalgae-based biorefinery has attracted increasing attention in recent years. From an economic perspective, however, the process remains far from competitive with fossil fuels. This is particularly true of lipid extraction, due in part to the energy-intensive drying step. As a result, wet extraction methods have been studied as an economic alternative. In the present study, a novel extraction approach which utilizes high shear stress mixing was adopted and demonstrated for simultaneous lipid extraction and cell disruption to enable the retrieval of lipids directly from concentrated wet biomass...
February 16, 2018: Bioprocess and Biosystems Engineering
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29453507/interprofessional-education-opportunities-and-challenges-for-psychology
#15
Wendy Ward, Alexandra Zagoloff, Cortney Rieck, William Robiner
This manuscript is an outgrowth of an invited panel presentation at the national Association for Psychologists in Academic Health Centers Conference in 2017 on Interprofessional Education (IPE). IPE is a structured and transformative educational strategy designed to provide active learning experiences where trainees from diverse healthcare professions gain shared content knowledge plus collaboration skills as they learn about, from, and with each other. Collaboration skills include understanding professional role distinctions and overlap, effective team-based communication, shared values/ethics and respect for each other's expertise, and teamwork dynamics...
February 16, 2018: Journal of Clinical Psychology in Medical Settings
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29453266/the-gills-of-reef-fish-support-a-distinct-microbiome-influenced-by-host-specific-factors
#16
Zoe A Pratte, Marc Besson, Rebecca D Hollman, Frank J Stewart
Teleost fish represent the most diverse of the vertebrate groups and play important roles in food webs, as ecosystem engineers, and as vectors for microorganisms. However, the microbial ecology of fishes remains underexplored for most host taxa, and for certain niches on the fish body. This is particularly true for the gills, the key sites for respiration and waste exchange in fishes. Here, we provide a comprehensive analysis of the gill microbiome. We focus on ecologically diverse taxa from coral reefs around Moorea, sampling the gill and intestines of adults and juveniles representing 15 families...
February 16, 2018: Applied and Environmental Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29453265/integrated-metabolomics-and-morphogenesis-reveals-volatile-signaling-of-the-nematode-trapping-fungus-arthrobotrys-oligospora
#17
Bai-Le Wang, Yong-Hong Chen, Jia-Ning He, Hua-Xi Xue, Ni Yan, Zhi-Jun Zeng, Joan W Bennett, Ke-Qin Zhang, Xue-Mei Niu
The adjustment of metabolic patterns is fundamental to fungal biology and plays vital roles in adaption to diverse ecological challenges. Nematode trapping fungi can switch lifestyles from saprophytic to pathogenic by developing specific trapping devices induced by nematodes to infect their prey as a response to nutrient depletion in nature. However, the chemical identity of the specific fungal metabolites used during the switch remains poorly understood. We hypothesized that these important signal molecules might be volatile in nature...
February 16, 2018: Applied and Environmental Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29453227/llm-domain-b-gata-transcription-factors-play-multifaceted-roles-in-controlling-greening-in-arabidopsis
#18
Emmanouil Bastakis, Boris Hedtke, Carina Klermund, Bernhard Grimm, Claus Schwechheimer
Chlorophyll accumulation and chloroplast development are regulated at multiple levels during plant development. The paralogous LLM-domain B-GATA transcription factors GNC and GNL contribute to chlorophyll biosynthesis and chloroplast formation in light-grown Arabidopsis thaliana seedlings. Whereas there is already ample knowledge about the transcriptional regulation of GNC and GNL, the identity of their downstream targets is largely unclear. Here, we identified genes controlling greening directly downstream of the GATAs by integrating data from RNA-sequencing and microarray datasets...
February 16, 2018: Plant Cell
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29453159/identifying-the-most-significant-indicators-of-the-total-road-safety-performance-index
#19
Milan Tešić, Elke Hermans, Krsto Lipovac, Dalibor Pešić
The review of the national and international literature dealing with the assessment of the road safety level has shown great efforts of the authors who tried to define the methodology for calculating the composite road safety index on a territory (region, state, etc.). The procedure for obtaining a road safety composite index of an area has been largely harmonized. The question that has not been fully resolved yet concerns the selection of indicators. There is a wide range of road safety indicators used to show a road safety situation on a territory...
February 13, 2018: Accident; Analysis and Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29453083/nonuniform-sampling-by-quantiles
#20
D Levi Craft, Reilly E Sonstrom, Virginia G Rovnyak, David Rovnyak
A flexible strategy for choosing samples nonuniformly from a Nyquist grid using the concept of statistical quantiles is presented for broad classes of NMR experimentation. Quantile-directed scheduling is intuitive and flexible for any weighting function, promotes reproducibility and seed independence, and is generalizable to multiple dimensions. In brief, weighting functions are divided into regions of equal probability, which define the samples to be acquired. Quantile scheduling therefore achieves close adherence to a probability distribution function, thereby minimizing gaps for any given degree of subsampling of the Nyquist grid...
February 13, 2018: Journal of Magnetic Resonance
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