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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29688963/how-to-optimally-fit-a-hearing-aid-for-bimodal-cochlear-implant-users-a-systematic-review
#1
Jantien L Vroegop, André Goedegebure, Marc P van der Schroeff
OBJECTIVES: Bimodal hearing has shown to improve speech recognition in quiet and in noise and to improve sound localization compared with unilateral cochlear implant (CI) use alone. Fitting the CI and hearing aid (HA) separately has been described well, but HA fitting procedures for bimodal CI users are not well researched or widely accepted. The aim of the present study was to systematically review the literature on the effect of different HA fitting strategies on auditory performance in bimodal CI users...
April 20, 2018: Ear and Hearing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29683995/cochlear-implantation-in-adults-with-asymmetric-hearing-loss-speech-recognition-in-quiet-and-in-noise-and-health-related-quality-of-life
#2
Douglas P Sladen, Matthew L Carlson, Brittany P Dowling, Amy P Olund, Melissa D DeJong, Alyce Breneman, Sara Hollander, Charles W Beatty, Brian A Neff, Colin L Driscoll
OBJECTIVE: To examine the possible speech recognition and health related quality of life (HRQoL) benefits of cochlear implantation among adults with asymmetric sensorineural hearing loss. STUDY DESIGN: Retrospective chart review, single-subject design. METHODS: A total of 45 adult cochlear implant recipients with asymmetric sensorineural hearing loss where performance for the best-aided condition exceeded 60% correct open set sentence recognition in quiet, and the implanted ear met traditional candidacy criteria...
March 26, 2018: Otology & Neurotology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29680183/impaired-speech-perception-in-noise-with-a-normal-audiogram-no-evidence-for-cochlear-synaptopathy-and-no-relation-to-lifetime-noise-exposure
#3
Hannah Guest, Kevin J Munro, Garreth Prendergast, Rebecca E Millman, Christopher J Plack
In rodents, noise exposure can destroy synapses between inner hair cells and auditory nerve fibers ("cochlear synaptopathy") without causing hair cell loss. Noise-induced cochlear synaptopathy usually leaves cochlear thresholds unaltered, but is associated with long-term reductions in auditory brainstem response (ABR) amplitudes at medium-to-high sound levels. This pathophysiology has been suggested to degrade speech perception in noise (SPiN), perhaps explaining why SPiN ability varies so widely among audiometrically normal humans...
March 9, 2018: Hearing Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29677689/neural-and-behavioral-changes-after-the-use-of-hearing-aids
#4
Hanin Karawani, Kimberly A Jenkins, Samira Anderson
OBJECTIVE: Individuals with age-related hearing loss (ARHL) can restore some loss of the auditory function with the use of hearing aids (HAs). However, what remains unknown are the physiological mechanisms that underlie how the brain changes with exposure to amplified sounds though the use of HAs. We aimed to examine behavioral and physiological changes induced by HAs. METHODS: Thirty-five older-adults with moderate ARHL with no history of hearing aid use were fit with HAs tested in aided and unaided conditions, and divided into experimental and control groups...
April 7, 2018: Clinical Neurophysiology: Official Journal of the International Federation of Clinical Neurophysiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29668566/effects-of-hearing-loss-and-fast-acting-compression-on-amplitude-modulation-perception-and-speech-intelligibility
#5
Alan Wiinberg, Morten Løve Jepsen, Bastian Epp, Torsten Dau
OBJECTIVE: The purpose was to investigate the effects of hearing-loss and fast-acting compression on speech intelligibility and two measures of temporal modulation sensitivity. DESIGN: Twelve adults with normal hearing (NH) and 16 adults with mild to moderately severe sensorineural hearing loss were tested. Amplitude modulation detection and modulation-depth discrimination (MDD) thresholds with sinusoidal carriers of 1 or 5 kHz and modulators in the range from 8 to 256 Hz were used as measures of temporal modulation sensitivity...
April 17, 2018: Ear and Hearing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29664722/using-a-digital-language-processor-to-quantify-the-auditory-environment-and-the-effect-of-hearing-aids-for-adults-with-hearing-loss
#6
Kelsey E Klein, Yu-Hsiang Wu, Elizabeth Stangl, Ruth A Bentler
BACKGROUND: Auditory environments can influence the communication function of individuals with hearing loss and the effects of hearing aids. Therefore, a tool that can objectively characterize a patient's real-world auditory environments is needed. PURPOSE: To use the Language Environment Analysis (LENA) system to quantify the auditory environments of adults with hearing loss, to examine if the use of hearing aids changes a user's auditory environment, and to determine the association between LENA variables and self-report hearing aid outcome measures...
April 2018: Journal of the American Academy of Audiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29664721/effect-of-adaptive-compression-and-fast-acting-wdrc-strategies-on-sentence-recognition-in-noise-in-mandarin-speaking-pediatric-hearing-aid-users
#7
Haihong Liu, Yuanhu Liu, Ying Li, Xin Jin, Jing Li, Yi Zhou, Wentong Ge, Xin Ni
BACKGROUND: Wide dynamic range compression (WDRC) has been widely used in hearing aid technology. However, several reports indicate that WDRC may improve audibility at the expense of speech intelligibility. As such, a modified amplification compression scheme, named adaptive compression, was developed. However, the effect of compression strategies on speech perception in pediatric hearing aid users has not been clearly reported. PURPOSE: The purpose of the present study was to investigate the effect of adaptive compression and fast-acting WDRC processing strategies on sentence recognition in noise with Mandarin, pediatric hearing aid users...
April 2018: Journal of the American Academy of Audiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29656967/conversion-vs-primary-total-hip-arthroplasty-increased-cost-of-care-and-perioperative-complications
#8
Sean P Ryan, Marcus DiLallo, David E Attarian, William A Jiranek, Thorsten M Seyler
BACKGROUND: With the increasing incidence of hip fractures and hip preservation surgeries, there has been a concomitant rise in the number of conversion total hip arthroplasties (THAs) performed. Prior studies have shown higher complication rates in conversion THA. However, there is a paucity of data showing differences in cost between these 2 procedures. Currently, the Center for Medicare and Medicaid Services bundles primary and conversion THA in the same Medicare Severity-Diagnosis Related Group for hospital reimbursement...
March 15, 2018: Journal of Arthroplasty
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29655940/audio-visual-speech-processing-in-age-related-hearing-loss-stronger-integration-and-increased-frontal-lobe-recruitment
#9
Stephanie Rosemann, Christiane M Thiel
Hearing loss is associated with difficulties in understanding speech, especially under adverse listening conditions. In these situations, seeing the speaker improves speech intelligibility in hearing-impaired participants. On the neuronal level, previous research has shown cross-modal plastic reorganization in the auditory cortex following hearing loss leading to altered processing of auditory, visual and audio-visual information. However, how reduced auditory input effects audio-visual speech perception in hearing-impaired subjects is largely unknown...
April 12, 2018: NeuroImage
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29651362/permanent-unilateral-hearing-loss-uhl-and-childhood-development
#10
REVIEW
Judith E C Lieu
Purpose of Review: The aim of this study is to summarize the consequences of permanent unilateral hearing loss (UHL) on the development of children as documented in the recent literature. Recent Findings: Congenital and early-identified UHL places young children at risk for delays in speech-language development. School-aged children with UHL score lower on standardized tests of language and cognition and need increased assistance in school for educational and behavioral issues than siblings with normal hearing, and report lower hearing-related quality of life, similar to children with bilateral hearing loss (HL)...
2018: Current Otorhinolaryngology Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29650304/the-design-and-validation-of-a-hybrid-digital-signal-processing-plug-in-for-traditional-cochlear-implant-speech-processors
#11
Fatemeh Hajiaghababa, Hamid R Marateb, Saeed Kermani
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: Cochlear implants (CIs) are electronic devices restoring partial hearing to deaf individuals with profound hearing loss. In this paper, a new plug-in for traditional IIR filter-banks (FBs) is presented for cochlear implants based on wavelet neural networks (WNNs). Having provided such a plug-in for commercially available CIs, it is possible not only to use available hardware in the market but also to optimize their performance compared with the-state-of-the-art...
June 2018: Computer Methods and Programs in Biomedicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29649909/-music-memory-and-improved-swallowing-in-advanced-dementia
#12
Dan Cohen, Stephen G Post, Angela Lo, Robin Lombardo, Brandon Pfeffer
Background Dysphagia and difficulty with eating affects a significant portion of individuals with advanced dementia. Such problems with oral intake can have serious health consequences including mealtime distress, dehydration and malnutrition, aspiration, reduced quality of life, and increased mortality risk. Design We present the first data indicating that "Music & Memory" interventions improve swallowing in individuals with advanced dementia, thereby making oral feeding easier and potentially diminishing reliance on PEG...
January 1, 2018: Dementia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29649050/temporal-bone-histopathology-in-cockayne-syndrome
#13
Ophir Handzel, Joseph B Nadol
: Cockayne syndrome (CS) is a rare autosomal recessive syndrome resulting in defective DNA repair. Its features include cachectic dwarfism, hearing loss, skin hypersensitivity to sunlight, premature aging, and dementia. Presented is a right temporal bone of a patient who died at the age of 29 years. The clinical course was compatible with type 1 CS, the classical form. Homozygous missense variant in the ERCC6 gene (Excision Repair Cross-Complementation group 6) was found, compatible with CS complementation group B...
April 11, 2018: Otology & Neurotology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29649047/preliminary-outcomes-report-for-co2-laser-assisted-electric-acoustic-cochlear-implantation
#14
Shawn M Stevens, Andrew Redmann, Kayla Whitaker, Alyson Ruotanen, Lisa Houston, Theresa Hammer, Ravi N Samy
OBJECTIVE: Report on the safety/efficacy of a novel, carbon dioxide (CO2) laser-assisted protocol for hearing-preservation cochlear implantation (HPCI) and electric-acoustic stimulation (EAS). STUDY DESIGN: Retrospective case review. SETTING: Tertiary referral center. PATIENTS: Adult patients meeting established criteria for HPCI and EAS. INTERVENTION: Therapeutic/rehabilitative. A standardized protocol used CO2 laser to achieve meticulous hemostasis and perform cochleostomy was evaluated...
April 11, 2018: Otology & Neurotology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29649040/improvement-in-patient-reported-hearing-after-treatment-with-bevacizumab-in-people-with-neurofibromatosis-type-2
#15
Victoria Huang, Amanda L Bergner, Chris Halpin, Vanessa L Merker, Monica R Sheridan, Brigitte C Widemann, Jaishri O Blakeley, Scott R Plotkin
OBJECTIVE: Assess patient-reported outcomes (PRO) for hearing and tinnitus relative to clinical hearing assessment in people with neurofibromatosis 2 (NF2) associated hearing loss. STUDY DESIGN: Prospective, open label, phase-II clinical trial with PRO administered pre-, post-, and after treatment. SETTING: Three tertiary referral centers. PATIENTS: Fourteen patients with NF2, median age of 30 years (range, 14-79 yr) and progressive hearing loss (median baseline word recognition score, 60%; range, 13-82%)...
April 11, 2018: Otology & Neurotology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29618124/microsurgical-resection-of-a-large-intraventricular-trigonal-tumor-3-dimensional-operative-video
#16
Chun-Yu Cheng, Rakshith Shetty, Laligam N Sekhar
A 62-yr-old woman presented with incidentally detected left trigonal mass by magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) performed during workup for left-sided hearing loss and vertigo of 5-yr duration. Due to persistent dizziness, headache, and progressive enlargement of the tumor in follow-up scans, operation was planned. Because the tumor extended superiorly, a superior parietal lobule approach was selected.She underwent a left parietal craniotomy. A strip electrode was used to localize the motor and sensory regions, and neuronavigation was used to confirm the entry site...
March 30, 2018: Operative Neurosurgery (Hagerstown, Md.)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29614558/-characteristics-of-early-hearing-impairment-in-patients-with-diabetes-mellitus
#17
Y H Li, B Liu
The early hearing loss in diabetic patients is not easy to be perceived, therefore, comprehensive and complete audiological examination is necessary. At present, hearing loss in diabetes patients characterized by high frequency decline, some of the examination for high frequency hearing loss such as speech audiometry and extended high frequency are applicated. In addition, electrophysiological techniques have also been rapidly developed in animal experiments. This review summarized the audiological characteristics in diabetes patients and progress in animal experiments, which provided the basis for early diagnosis and early treatment of hearing loss in diabetes mellitus...
March 7, 2018: Zhonghua Er Bi Yan Hou Tou Jing Wai Ke za Zhi, Chinese Journal of Otorhinolaryngology Head and Neck Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29614553/-effects-of-bimodal-intervention-on-the-development-of-auditory-and-speech-ability-in-infants-with-unilateral-cochlear-implantation
#18
M P Huang, H B Sheng, Y Ren, Y Li, Z W Huang, H Wu
Objective: To explore the effects of bimodal intervention on the development of auditory and speech ability in the infants with unilateral cochlear implantation(CI). Methods: Total 35 bilateral profound sensorineural hearing loss infants with unilateral CI, aged 0.7 to 2.8 years old, were selected. The subjects were divided into two groups: the group with unilateral CI(cochlear implant alone, n = 15), and the bimodal group with CI and contralateral fitting hearing aid( n = 20). Their auditory and speech abilities were estimated at the different time points after switch-on(the 0th, 0...
March 7, 2018: Zhonghua Er Bi Yan Hou Tou Jing Wai Ke za Zhi, Chinese Journal of Otorhinolaryngology Head and Neck Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29607748/auditory-brainstem-implant-in-postmeningitis-totally-ossified-cochleae
#19
Andréa Felice Dos Santos Malerbi, Maria Valéria Schmidt Goffi-Gomes, Robinson Koji Tsuji, Marcos Queiroz Teles Gomes, Rubens de Brito Neto, Ricardo Ferreira Bento
INTRODUCTION: An auditory brainstem implant (ABI) is an option for auditory rehabilitation in patients with totally ossified cochleae who cannot receive a conventional cochlear implant. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the outcomes in audiometry and speech perception tests after the implantation of an ABI via the extended retrolabyrinthine approach in patients with postmeningitis hearing loss. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Ten patients, including children and adults, with postmeningitis hearing loss and bilateral totally ossified cochleae received an ABI in a tertiary center from 2009 to 2015...
April 1, 2018: Acta Oto-laryngologica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29607572/a-clinical-guidance-to-dfna22-drawn-from-a-korean-cohort-study-with-an-autosomal-dominant-deaf-population-a-retrospective-cohort-study
#20
Bong Jik Kim, Jin Hee Han, Hye-Rim Park, Min Young Kim, Ah Reum Kim, Seung-Ha Oh, Woong-Yang Park, Doo Yi Oh, Seungmin Lee, Byung Yoon Choi
BACKGROUND: The MYO6 gene, if altered, can cause non-syndromic hearing loss (NSHL) either in autosomal dominant (AD) (DFNA22) or recessive form. This study identified MYO6 variants in the cohort of Korean AD NSHL families and investigated the audiological phenotypes of DFNA22 to suggest clinical guides for the counseling of DFNA22. METHODS: Retrospective cohort study was performed on 81 AD NSHL families in two hospitals. Among them, five families (SH21, SB60, SB247, SB290, and SB305) segregating with MYO6 variant were genetically and clinically assessed...
April 1, 2018: Journal of Gene Medicine
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