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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29222566/motivation-to-address-self-reported-hearing-problems-in-adults-with-normal-hearing-thresholds
#1
Carly C M Alicea, Karen A Doherty
Purpose: The purpose of this study was to compare the motivation to change in relation to hearing problems in adults with normal hearing thresholds but who report hearing problems and that of adults with a mild-to-moderate sensorineural hearing loss. Factors related to their motivation were also assessed. Method: The motivation to change in relation to self-reported hearing problems was measured using the University of Rhode Island Change Assessment (McConnaughy, Prochaska, & Velicer, 1983)...
December 8, 2017: Journal of Speech, Language, and Hearing Research: JSLHR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29222559/the-listening-and-spoken-language-data-repository-design-and-project-overview
#2
Tamala S Bradham, Christopher Fonnesbeck, Alice Toll, Barbara F Hecht
Purpose: The purpose of the Listening and Spoken Language Data Repository (LSL-DR) was to address a critical need for a systemwide outcome data-monitoring program for the development of listening and spoken language skills in highly specialized educational programs for children with hearing loss highlighted in Goal 3b of the 2007 Joint Committee on Infant Hearing position statement supplement. Method: The LSL-DR is a multicenter, international data repository for recording and tracking the demographics and longitudinal outcomes achieved by children who have hearing loss who are enrolled in private, specialized programs focused on supporting listening and spoken language development...
December 8, 2017: Language, Speech, and Hearing Services in Schools
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29210952/survey-of-the-american-neurotology-society-on-cochlear-implantation-part-1-candidacy-assessment-and-expanding-indications
#3
Matthew L Carlson, Douglas P Sladen, Richard K Gurgel, Nicole M Tombers, Christine M Lohse, Colin L Driscoll
OBJECTIVE: To examine practice variance of cochlear implant candidacy assessment and off-label indications across centers in the United States. METHODS: Cross-sectional survey of the American Neurotology Society (ANS). RESULTS: A total of 81 surveys were returned from ANS members who report regular involvement in cochlear implant care. Overall there was a broad distribution in age and clinical experience, with most respondents reporting ACGME accreditation in neurotology and employment at an academic center...
November 28, 2017: Otology & Neurotology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29210948/cochlear-implantation-in-a-patient-with-sickle-cell-disease-with-early-cochlear-sclerosis
#4
Seon Jeong Kim, Muhammad Reza Taheri, Marquitta Merkison, Ashkan Monfared
OBJECTIVE: We report a case of bilateral sudden sensorineural hearing loss (SNHL) and early cochlear sclerosis in a patient with sickle cell disease. METHODS: A 19-year-old female presented with sequential bilateral sudden SNHL and early cochlear sclerosis. Cochlear implantation was performed. RESULTS: Early cochlear fibrosis in the hook region and basal turn was encountered within a few months of deafness. Implantation required serial dilation using various insertion guides...
November 28, 2017: Otology & Neurotology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29210810/restoring-perceived-loudness-for-listeners-with-hearing-loss
#5
Dirk Oetting, Volker Hohmann, Jens-E Appell, Birger Kollmeier, Stephan D Ewert
OBJECTIVES: Normalizing perceived loudness is an important rationale for gain adjustments in hearing aids. It has been demonstrated that gains required for restoring normal loudness perception for monaural narrowband signals can lead to higher-than-normal loudness in listeners with hearing loss, particularly for binaural broadband presentation. The present study presents a binaural bandwidth-adaptive dynamic compressor (BBDC) that can apply different gains for narrow- and broadband signals...
November 27, 2017: Ear and Hearing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29205794/biallelic-mutations-in-lars2-can-cause-perrault-syndrome-type-2-with-neurologic-symptoms
#6
Rika Kosaki, Reiko Horikawa, Eriko Fujii, Kenjiro Kosaki
Perrault syndrome represents a genetically heterogeneous disorder characterized by sensorineural hearing loss in males and females and ovarian dysfunction in females. Causative genes include HARS2, HSD17B4, CLPP, C10orf2, and LARS2. Some patients with Perrault syndrome exhibit neurologic features including learning disability, cerebellar ataxia, and peripheral neuropathy and are classified as type 2 and are clinically separate from those without neurological symptoms other than a hearing loss (type 1). To date, all reported patients with LARS2 mutations (15 patients in 8 families) have been classified as type 1...
December 3, 2017: American Journal of Medical Genetics. Part A
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29205100/role-of-cortical-auditory-evoked-potentials-in-reducing-the-age-at-hearing-aid-fitting-in-children-with-hearing-loss-identified-by-newborn-hearing-screening
#7
Kinjal Mehta, Peter Watkin, Margaret Baldwin, Josephine Marriage, Merle Mahon, Deborah Vickers
Recording of free-field cortical auditory evoked potential (CAEP) responses to speech tokens was introduced into the audiology management for infants with a permanent childhood hearing impairment (PCHI) during 2011-2015 at a U.K. service. Children with bilateral PCHI were studied from two sequential cohorts. Thirty-four children had followed an audiology pathway prior to CAEP introduction, and 44 children followed a pathway after the introduction of CAEP and were tested with unaided and aided CAEP responses...
January 2017: Trends in Hearing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29205095/lexical-access-ability-and-cognitive-predictors-of-speech-recognition-in-noise-in-adult-cochlear-implant-users
#8
Marre W Kaandorp, Cas Smits, Paul Merkus, Joost M Festen, S Theo Goverts
Not all of the variance in speech-recognition performance of cochlear implant (CI) users can be explained by biographic and auditory factors. In normal-hearing listeners, linguistic and cognitive factors determine most of speech-in-noise performance. The current study explored specifically the influence of visually measured lexical-access ability compared with other cognitive factors on speech recognition of 24 postlingually deafened CI users. Speech-recognition performance was measured with monosyllables in quiet (consonant-vowel-consonant [CVC]), sentences-in-noise (SIN), and digit-triplets in noise (DIN)...
January 2017: Trends in Hearing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29204917/the-outcome-of-cochlear-implantation-among-children-with-genetic-syndromes
#9
Farid Alzhrani, Rayan Alhussini, Rawan Hudeib, Tuqa Alkaff, Tahera Islam, Abdulrahman Alsanosi
OBJECTIVE: To assess the outcome and efficacy of cochlear implantation in children with genetic syndromes. METHOD: Study design: case-control study. SETTING: A cochlear implantation tertiary referral center. PATIENTS: All pediatric cochlear implantation recipients with Waardenburg syndrome, Usher syndrome, Dandy-Walker syndrome, or albinism. A control group was appropriately matched to the syndromic group with regard to age at implantation and duration of device use...
December 4, 2017: European Archives of Oto-rhino-laryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29204664/-central-and-peripheral-aspects-of-noise-induced-hearing-loss
#10
REVIEW
D Basta, M Gröschel, A Ernst
Noise is an important socioeconomic problem in industrialized countries. Development of efficient treatment options for the audiological phenomena resulting from noise-induced hearing loss requires in-depth understanding of the underlying damage mechanisms causing peripheral and central nervous changes. Mechanical damage, ischemia and excitotoxicity are mainly responsible for noise-induced cell death and biophysical changes in the cochlea. Auditory synaptopathy is an additional consequence. Besides these cochlear pathologies, noise exposure leads to extensive changes within the central auditory pathway...
December 4, 2017: HNO
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29193663/clinical-and-genetic-characterization-of-ap4b1-associated-spg47
#11
Darius Ebrahimi-Fakhari, Chi Cheng, Kira Dies, Amelia Diplock, Danielle B Pier, Conor S Ryan, Brendan C Lanpher, Jennifer Hirst, Wendy K Chung, Mustafa Sahin, Elisabeth Rosser, Basil Darras, James T Bennett
The hereditary spastic paraplegias (HSPs) are a heterogeneous group of disorders characterized by degeneration of the corticospinal and spinocerebellar tracts leading to progressive spasticity. One subtype, spastic paraplegia type 47 (SPG47 or HSP-AP4B1), is due to bi-allelic loss-of-function mutations in the AP4B1 gene. AP4B1 is a subunit of the adapter protein complex 4 (AP-4), a heterotetrameric protein complex that regulates the transport of membrane proteins. Since 2011, 11 individuals from six families with AP4B1 mutations have been reported, nine of whom had homozygous mutations and were from consanguineous families...
November 28, 2017: American Journal of Medical Genetics. Part A
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29190488/the-effect-of-simulated-unilateral-hearing-loss-on-horizontal-sound-localization-accuracy-and-recognition-of-speech-in-spatially-separate-competing-speech
#12
Filip Asp, Anne-Marie Jakobsson, Erik Berninger
Unilateral hearing loss (UHL) occurs in 25% of cases of congenital sensorineural hearing loss. Due to the unilaterally reduced audibility associated with UHL, everyday demanding listening situations may be disrupted despite normal hearing in one ear. The aim of this study was to quantify acute changes in recognition of speech in spatially separate competing speech and sound localization accuracy, and relate those changes to two levels of temporary induced UHL (UHL30 and UHL43; suffixes denote the average hearing threshold across 0...
November 22, 2017: Hearing Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29189432/the-south-african-english-smartphone-digits-in-noise-hearing-test-effect-of-age-hearing-loss-and-speaking-competence
#13
Jenni-MarĂ­ Potgieter, De Wet Swanepoel, Hermanus Carel Myburgh, Cas Smits
OBJECTIVES: This study determined the effect of hearing loss and English-speaking competency on the South African English digits-in-noise hearing test to evaluate its suitability for use across native (N) and non-native (NN) speakers. DESIGN: A prospective cross-sectional cohort study of N and NN English adults with and without sensorineural hearing loss compared pure-tone air conduction thresholds to the speech reception threshold (SRT) recorded with the smartphone digits-in-noise hearing test...
November 20, 2017: Ear and Hearing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29188740/the-effect-of-tinnitus-specific-intracochlear-stimulation-on-speech-perception-in-patients-with-unilateral-or-asymmetric-hearing-loss-accompanied-with-tinnitus-and-the-effect-of-formal-auditory-training
#14
Remo A G J Arts, Erwin L J George, Miranda A M L Janssen, Andreas Griessner, Clemens Zierhofer, Robert J Stokroos
OBJECTIVES: Previous studies show that intracochlear electrical stimulation independent of environmental sounds appears to suppress tinnitus, even long-term. In order to assess the viability of this potential treatment option it is essential to study the effects of this tinnitus specific electrical stimulation on speech perception. DESIGN: A randomised, prospective crossover design. STUDY SAMPLE: Ten patients with unilateral or asymmetric hearing loss and severe tinnitus complaints...
November 30, 2017: International Journal of Audiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29188609/-clinical-and-genetic-analysis-of-two-unrelated-patients-with-angelman-syndrome-and-novel-ube3a-mutations
#15
Huihui Xu, Xing Ji, Yan Xu, Xiaoqing Liu, Jingmin Zhang, Yingwei Chen, Bing Xiao
OBJECTIVE: To explore the genetic cause for two familial Angelman syndrome cases and correlation between the clinical phenotypes and their genetic basis. METHODS: Karyotyping analysis and microarray assay were carried out to exclude chromosome anomalies and uniparental disomy. The UBE3A gene was analyzed for potential point mutations, deletions, insertions and splice site mutations. Reverse transcription PCR was used to evaluate splicing mutation of the RNA transcripts...
December 10, 2017: Zhonghua Yi Xue Yi Chuan Xue za Zhi, Zhonghua Yixue Yichuanxue Zazhi, Chinese Journal of Medical Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29181615/right-ear-advantage-for-speech-in-noise-recognition-in-patients-with-nonlateralized-tinnitus-and-normal-hearing-sensitivity
#16
Yihsin Tai, Fatima T Husain
Despite having normal hearing sensitivity, patients with chronic tinnitus may experience more difficulty recognizing speech in adverse listening conditions as compared to controls. However, the association between the characteristics of tinnitus (severity and loudness) and speech recognition remains unclear. In this study, the Quick Speech-in-Noise test (QuickSIN) was conducted monaurally on 14 patients with bilateral tinnitus and 14 age- and hearing-matched adults to determine the relation between tinnitus characteristics and speech understanding...
November 27, 2017: Journal of the Association for Research in Otolaryngology: JARO
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29179790/mobile-phone-usage-does-not-affect-sudden-sensorineural-hearing-loss
#17
D Sagiv, L Migirov, O Madgar, G Nakache, M Wolf, Y Shapira
OBJECTIVE: Recent studies found that mobile phone users had a significantly greater risk of having elevated thresholds in speech frequencies. This study investigated the correlation between the laterality of sudden sensorineural hearing loss, handedness and the preferred ear for mobile phone use. METHODS: The study included all patients who presented with sudden sensorineural hearing loss to the Department of Otolaryngology - Head and Neck Surgery in our tertiary referral medical centre between 2014 and 2016...
November 28, 2017: Journal of Laryngology and Otology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29176394/hearing-loss-in-children-with-otitis-media-with-effusion-actual-and-simulated-effects-on-speech-perception
#18
Ting Cai, Bradley McPherson, Caiwei Li, Feng Yang
OBJECTIVE: Conductive hearing loss simulations have attempted to estimate the speech-understanding difficulties of children with otitis media with effusion (OME). However, the validity of this approach has not been evaluated. The research aim of the present study was to investigate whether a simple, frequency-specific, attenuation-based simulation of OME-related hearing loss was able to reflect the actual effects of conductive hearing loss on speech perception. DESIGN: Forty-one school-age children with OME-related hearing loss were recruited...
November 14, 2017: Ear and Hearing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29173711/otitis-media-beyond-the-examining-room
#19
REVIEW
Deborah R Welling, Carol A Ukstins
The management of hearing loss associated with otitis media is multifaceted. Clinical practice guidelines set the collaborative prescriptive standards for the medical management of otitis media in children. Treatment of this condition does not end with the medical practitioner. There are far-reaching effects of otitis media and its sequelae that permeate every aspect of patients' lives including physiological, educational, and psychosocial. Therefore, a comprehensive interprofessional treatment plan must be designed taking into consideration best practices from a range of professions to maximize clinical outcomes, including the treating physician, speech-language pathologist, clinical audiologist, educational audiologist, and professionals in the educational setting...
February 2018: Pediatric Clinics of North America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29169511/longitudinal-and-cross-sectional-assessment-of-quality-of-life-in-surgically-treated-advanced-t4-cancer-of-the-buccal-mucosa
#20
Manish Devendra Mair, Sudhir Nair, Santosh Nikam, Deepa Nair, Jai Prakash Agarwal, Pankaj Chaturvedi
OBJECTIVE: Quality of life (QOL) has become an important aspect of today's health care management. This study performed longitudinal assessment of QOL in patients with advanced cancers of the buccal mucosa (T4). We compared the QOL between patients who received adjuvant chemoradiation therapy (CTRT) and that of patients who received radiation therapy alone and assessed whether baseline QOL can predict disease recurrence. STUDY DESIGN: This was a prospective study of 225 patients with T4 buccal mucosal cancer...
December 2017: Oral Surgery, Oral Medicine, Oral Pathology and Oral Radiology
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