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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28723597/short-term-results-of-intra-tympanic-gentamicin-and-dexamethasone-on-hearing-and-tinnitus-in-meniere-s-disease-a-case-control-study
#1
Irfan Ul Shamas
INTRODUCTION: The role of this study was to evaluate the effectiveness of intra tympanic administration of Gentamicin(40 mgs/ml) and Dexamethasone 0.5 ml(4 mgs/ml) on hearing and tinnitus of patients who had recurrent acute attacks of vertigo, tinnitus and hearing loss. STUDY DESIGN: 60 consecutive patients of Meniere's disease were randomly divided into 3 groups of twenty patients each. Group A included 20 patients who received intra tympanic gentamicin, Group B included 20 patients who received intra tympanic dexamethasone and Group C included 20 patients who received intra tympanic normal saline 0...
June 1, 2017: International Tinnitus Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28723594/cochlear-implantation-improves-hearing-and-vertigo-in-patients-after-removal-of-vestibular-schwannoma
#2
Ariane Roemer, Thomas Lenarz, Anke Lesinski-Schiedat
OBJECTIVES: With rising quality of speech perception in cochlear implant users, the indication widens. Nowadays, cochlear implantation is reasonable even in vestibular schwannoma patients. Speech perception with a cochlear implant is in these patients as promising as in patients with sensorineural hearing loss. However, the impact of cochlear implantation on vertigo and tinnitus after removal of vestibular schwannoma has not been investigated yet. METHODS: In a retrospective study, we analysed 12 patients treated with a cochlear implant after removal of vestibular schwannoma...
June 1, 2017: International Tinnitus Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28722648/perspectives-on-the-pure-tone-audiogram
#3
REVIEW
Frank E Musiek, Jennifer Shinn, Gail D Chermak, Doris-Eva Bamiou
BACKGROUND: The pure-tone audiogram, though fundamental to audiology, presents limitations, especially in the case of central auditory involvement. Advances in auditory neuroscience underscore the considerably larger role of the central auditory nervous system (CANS) in hearing and related disorders. Given the availability of behavioral audiological tests and electrophysiological procedures that can provide better insights as to the function of the various components of the auditory system, this perspective piece reviews the limitations of the pure-tone audiogram and notes some of the advantages of other tests and procedures used in tandem with the pure-tone threshold measurement...
July 2017: Journal of the American Academy of Audiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28722643/aural-rehabilitation-for-older-adults-with-hearing-loss-impacts-on-quality-of-life-a-systematic-review-of-randomized-controlled-trials
#4
Helen N Michaud, Louise Duchesne
BACKGROUND: Few systematic reviews have been conducted regarding aural rehabilitation for adults with hearing loss, with none specifically targeting the older adult population. With prevalence rates of hearing loss being highest in older adults, examining the effects of aural rehabilitation on this population is warranted. PURPOSE: To evaluate the effects of aural rehabilitation on quality of life in an older adult population presenting with hearing loss. ELIGIBILITY CRITERIA: Studies with adults presenting with hearing loss, ≥50 yr of age, with or without hearing aids, receiving interventions such as auditory training, speech-reading, communication strategies training, speech tracking, counseling, or a combination of approaches, and measuring outcomes related to quality of life, in an individual or group format, with or without significant others and with no limitations as to year of publication...
July 2017: Journal of the American Academy of Audiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28719716/the-sophono-bone-conduction-system-surgical-audiologic-and-quality-of-life-outcomes
#5
Timothy Mclean, Irumee Pai, Andrew Philipatos, Michael Gordon
We prospectively evaluated the surgical, audiologic, and quality-of-life outcomes in 5 patients-2 men and 3 women, aged 22 to 64 years (mean: 41.8)-who were implanted with the Sophono Alpha 2 MPO Processor. The indications for implantation of this bone-conduction device included recurrent ear canal infections with hearing aids (n = 3), single-sided deafness (n = 1), and patient preference in view of difficulty using a conventional hearing aid (n = 1). In addition to the patient with single-sided deafness, 3 patients had a bilateral mixed hearing loss and 1 had a bilateral conductive hearing loss...
July 2017: Ear, Nose, & Throat Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28719394/cochlear-implantation-in-children-under-12-months-of-age
#6
Samantha McKinney
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Children with congenital hearing loss are being identified earlier, leading to earlier intervention. Current US Food and Drug Administration (FDA) criteria states a child must be 12 months or older for cochlear implantation. The purpose of this article is to review recent publications regarding the benefits of implanting infants under 12 months of age. Topics include: safety and efficacy of surgery, speech and language acquisition outcomes, audiologic components, and limitations...
July 14, 2017: Current Opinion in Otolaryngology & Head and Neck Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28716765/sporadic-endolymphatic-sac-tumor-a-very-rare-cause-of-hearing-loss-tinnitus-and-dizziness
#7
Didde Trærup Schnack, Katalin Kiss, Søren Hansen, Hidemi Miyazaki, Birgitte Bech, Per Caye Thomasen
Sporadic endolymphatic sac tumor is a very rare neoplasm. It is low malignant, locally destructive and expansive, but non-metastasizing. The tumor is very rare in the sporadic form, but more often associated with Von Hippel-Lindau disease. A 65-year old man with left sided tinnitus and hearing loss for several months. Audiometry showed an asymmetrical sensory neural hearing loss on the left side up to 60 dB. The speech discrimination score was 46% and stapedial reflexes were absent. Several years earlier, he had suffered from periods of dizziness...
July 17, 2017: Journal of International Advanced Otology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28714100/why-is-it-so-hard-to-reach-agreement-on-terminology-the-case-of-developmental-language-disorder-dld
#8
Dorothy V M Bishop
A recent project entitled CATALISE used the Delphi method to reach a consensus on terminology for unexplained language problems in children. 'Developmental language disorder' (DLD) was the term agreed by a panel of 57 experts. Here I reflect on points of difficulty that arose when attempting to reach a consensus, using qualitative information from comments made by panel members to illustrate the kinds of argument used. One issue of debate was the use of labels, in particular the term 'disorder', which was seen as having both pros and cons...
July 17, 2017: International Journal of Language & Communication Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28713256/baseline-performance-predicts-tdcs-mediated-improvements-in-language-symptoms-in-primary-progressive-aphasia
#9
Eric M McConathey, Nicole C White, Felix Gervits, Sherry Ash, H Branch Coslett, Murray Grossman, Roy H Hamilton
Primary Progressive Aphasia (PPA) is a neurodegenerative condition characterized by insidious irreversible loss of language abilities. Prior studies suggest that transcranial direct current stimulation (tDCS) directed toward language areas of the brain may help to ameliorate symptoms of PPA. In the present sham-controlled study, we examined whether tDCS could be used to enhance language abilities (e.g., picture naming) in individuals with PPA variants primarily characterized by difficulties with speech production (non-fluent and logopenic)...
2017: Frontiers in Human Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28708635/the-management-of-pediatric-hearing-loss-caused-by-auditory-neuropathy-spectrum-disorder
#10
Nguyen S Pham
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Auditory neuropathy spectrum disorder (ANSD) is a condition in which auditory testing reveals normal otoacoustic emissions, but auditory brainstem testing is abnormal or absent and speech discrimination is poor. This constellation of findings ostensibly suggests that the cochlea is healthy and an abnormality of conduction or processing of sound occurs along the nerve fibers. As more is learned about this condition, it is becoming clear that ANSD describes heterogeneous, distinct clinical entities that must be taken into account when devising treatment modalities...
July 13, 2017: Current Opinion in Otolaryngology & Head and Neck Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28706081/brief-stimulus-exposure-fully-remediates-temporal-processing-deficits-induced-by-early-hearing-loss
#11
David B Green, Michelle M Mattingly, Yi Ye, Jennifer D Gay, Merri J Rosen
In childhood, partial hearing loss can produce prolonged deficits in speech perception and temporal processing. Early therapeutic interventions targeting temporal processing may improve later speech-related outcomes, however. Gap detection is a measure of auditory temporal resolution that relies on auditory cortex (ACx), and early auditory deprivation alters intrinsic and synaptic properties in ACx. Thus, early deprivation should induce deficits in gap detection, which should be reflected in ACx gap sensitivity...
July 13, 2017: Journal of Neuroscience: the Official Journal of the Society for Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28704896/long-term-speech-perception-outcomes-of-cochlear-implantation-in-gap-junction-protein-beta-2-related-hearing-loss
#12
Sung Hee Kim, Rajendra Nepali, Myung Hoon Yoo, Kwang-Sun Lee, Jong Woo Chung
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: The mutation of the gap junction protein beta 2 (GJB2) gene is the predominant cause of autosomal recessive non-syndromic hearing loss. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the speech perception outcome after cochlear implantation according to the presence of a GJB2 mutation. SUBJECTS AND METHODS: During the period from March 2004 to February 2005, 38 patients underwent cochlear implantation at Asan Medical Center. Genetic factors and speech perception were evaluated in all subjects, and the patients were grouped according to the presence of a GJB2 mutation...
July 2017: Journal of Audiology & Otology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28704894/factors-affecting-sentence-in-noise-recognition-for-normal-hearing-listeners-and-listeners-with-hearing-loss
#13
Jung Sun Hwang, Kyung Hyun Kim, Jae Hee Lee
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Despite amplified speech, listeners with hearing loss often report more difficulties understanding speech in background noise compared to normalhearing listeners. Various factors such as deteriorated hearing sensitivity, age, suprathreshold temporal resolution, and reduced capacity of working memory and attention can attribute to their sentence-in-noise problems. The present study aims to determine a primary explanatory factor for sentence-in-noise recognition difficulties in adults with or without hearing loss...
July 2017: Journal of Audiology & Otology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28694336/magnified-neural-envelope-coding-predicts-deficits-in-speech-perception-in-noise
#14
Rebecca E Millman, Sven L Mattys, André D Gouws, Garreth Prendergast
Verbal communication in noisy backgrounds is challenging. Understanding speech in background noise that fluctuates in intensity over time is particularly difficult for hearing-impaired listeners with a sensorineural hearing loss (SNHL). The reduction in fast-acting cochlear compression associated with SNHL exaggerates the perceived fluctuations in intensity in amplitude-modulated sounds. SNHL-induced changes in the coding of amplitude-modulated sounds may have a detrimental effect on the ability of SNHL listeners to understand speech in the presence of modulated background noise...
July 10, 2017: Journal of Neuroscience: the Official Journal of the Society for Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28691934/comparison-of-different-hearing-aid-prescriptions-for-children
#15
Josephine E Marriage, Deborah A Vickers, Thomas Baer, Brian R Glasberg, Brian C J Moore
OBJECTIVES: To assess whether there are significant differences between speech scores for different hearing aid prescription methods, specifically DSL i/o, DSL V, and NAL-NL1, using age-appropriate closed- and open-set speech tests with young children, designed to avoid floor and ceiling effects. DESIGN: Participants were 44 children with moderate or severe bilateral hearing loss, 8 aged 2 to 3 years, 15 aged 4 to 5 years, and 21 aged 6 to 9 years. Children wore bilateral hearing aids fitted with each prescription method in turn in a balanced double-blind design...
July 6, 2017: Ear and Hearing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28691743/effectiveness-of-speech-therapy-in-adults-with-intellectual-disabilities
#16
Hayo Terband, Marjolein C Coppens-Hofman, Maaike Reffeltrath, Ben A M Maassen
BACKGROUND: This study investigated the effect of speech therapy in a heterogeneous group of adults with intellectual disability. METHOD: Thirty-six adults with mild and moderate intellectual disabilities (IQs 40-70; age 18-40 years) with reported poor speech intelligibility received tailored training in articulation and listening skills delivered in two 3-month periods. Pre- to post-changes in speech intelligibility and receptive vocabulary were assessed using standardized tasks...
July 10, 2017: Journal of Applied Research in Intellectual Disabilities: JARID
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28689508/social-inappropriateness-in-neurodegenerative-disorders
#17
Philippe Desmarais, Krista L Lanctôt, Mario Masellis, Sandra E Black, Nathan Herrmann
BACKGROUND: New onset of mood and behavioral changes in middle-aged patients are frequently the first manifestations of an unrecognized neurocognitive disorder. Impairment of social cognition, the cognitive ability to process social information coming from others, such as emotions, to attribute mental states to others, and to respond appropriately to them, is often at the origin of behavioral manifestations in neurodegenerative disorders. METHODS: This paper reviews the current literature on social cognition impairment in neurocognitive disorders, particularly in prodromal stages of behavioral-variant frontotemporal dementia (bvFTD), Alzheimer's disease (AD), idiopathic Parkinson's disease (IPD), and Lewy body dementia (LBD)...
July 10, 2017: International Psychogeriatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28688567/factors-influencing-hearing-outcomes-in-pediatric-patients-undergoing-ossicular-chain-reconstruction
#18
Nandini Govil, Thomas M Kaffenberger, Amber D Shaffer, David H Chi
OBJECTIVE: Ossicular chain disruption in children leads to conductive hearing loss. Few studies have focused on factors influencing successful results in pediatric ossicular chain reconstruction (OCR). We aim to determine whether demographic or surgical factors affect hearing outcomes in pediatric OCR. METHODS: We conducted a retrospective chart review of 120 patients undergoing OCR at our institution, a tertiary care hospital, between 2003 and 2014, with median length of follow-up of 2...
August 2017: International Journal of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28688560/speech-evoked-auditory-brainstem-responses-in-children-with-hearing-loss
#19
Amineh Koravand, Rida Al Osman, Véronique Rivest, Catherine Poulin
OBJECTIVE: The main objective of the present study was to investigate subcortical auditory processing in children with sensorineural hearing loss. METHODS: Auditory Brainstem Responses (ABRs) were recorded using click and speech/da/stimuli. Twenty-five children, aged 6-14 years old, participated in the study: 13 with normal hearing acuity and 12 with sensorineural hearing loss. RESULTS: No significant differences were observed for the click-evoked ABRs between normal hearing and hearing-impaired groups...
August 2017: International Journal of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28688553/clinical-role-of-electrocochleography-in-children-with-auditory-neuropathy-spectrum-disorder
#20
Tatyana E Fontenot, Christopher K Giardina, Holly F Teagle, Lisa R Park, Oliver F Adunka, Craig A Buchman, Kevin D Brown, Douglas C Fitzpatrick
OBJECTIVES: To assess electrocochleography (ECochG) to tones as an instrument to account for CI speech perception outcomes in children with auditory neuropathy spectrum disorder (ANSD). MATERIALS & METHODS: Children (<18 years) receiving CIs for ANSD (n = 30) and non-ANSD (n = 74) etiologies of hearing loss were evaluated with ECochG using tone bursts (0.25-4 kHz). The total response (TR) is the sum of spectral peaks of responses across frequencies. The compound action potential (CAP) and the auditory nerve neurophonic (ANN) in ECochG waveforms were used to estimate nerve activity and calculate nerve score...
August 2017: International Journal of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology
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