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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28549773/cochlear-implantation-in-patients-with-otosclerosis-of-the-otic-capsule
#1
Jay Burmeister, Susan Rathgeb, Jacques Herzog
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate outcomes of cochlear implantation of patients with otosclerosis of the otic capsule. STUDY DESIGN: A retrospective case series of 6 patients (7 ears). PATIENTS: 6 patients (7 ears), 5 patients with severe to profound sensorineural hearing loss; 1 patient with mild to profound sensorineural hearing loss, with radiologic evidence of otosclerosis. All patients were adult males, with or without history of stapes surgery...
May 19, 2017: American Journal of Otolaryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28543437/the-adenoid-its-history-and-a-cautionary-tale
#2
Robert J Ruben
The existence of the adenoid first appears to have been noted by Conrad Victor Schneider in 1661. James Yearsley reported in 1842 one case in which he improved hearing by removal of a mucus membrane from behind the uvula, which indicates some appreciation of a relationship of the nasopharynx to ear disease. Hans Wilhelm Meyer, in 1868, was the first to demonstrate the relationship of the adenoid to ear disease and to develop an effective, although somewhat difficult, surgical operation to remove the adenoid...
June 2017: Laryngoscope
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28543040/automated-smartphone-audiometry-validation-of-a-word-recognition-test-app
#3
Nicholas A Dewyer, Patpong Jiradejvong, Jennifer Henderson Sabes, Charles J Limb
OBJECTIVES/HYPOTHESIS: Develop and validate an automated smartphone word recognition test. STUDY DESIGN: Cross-sectional case-control diagnostic test comparison. METHODS: An automated word recognition test was developed as an app for a smartphone with earphones. English-speaking adults with recent audiograms and various levels of hearing loss were recruited from an audiology clinic and were administered the smartphone word recognition test...
May 23, 2017: Laryngoscope
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28542018/rehabilitation-and-psychosocial-determinants-of-cochlear-implant-outcomes-in-older-adults
#4
Liyang Tang, Carol B Thompson, James H Clark, Kristin M Ceh, Jennifer D Yeagle, Howard W Francis
OBJECTIVE: The cochlear implant (CI) has been shown to be associated with better hearing, cognitive abilities, and functional independence. There is variability however in how much benefit each recipient derives from his or her CI. This study's primary objective is to determine the effects of individual and environmental characteristics on CI outcomes. DESIGN: Seventy-six adults who developed postlingual severe to profound hearing loss and received their first unilateral CI at 65 years and older were eligible for the study...
May 24, 2017: Ear and Hearing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28542017/children-with-single-sided-deafness-use-their-cochlear-implant
#5
Melissa Jane Polonenko, Blake Croll Papsin, Karen Ann Gordon
OBJECTIVES: To assess acceptance of a cochlear implant (CI) by children with single-sided deafness (SSD) as measured by duration of CI use across daily listening environments. DESIGN: Datalogs for 7 children aged 1.1 to 14.5 years (mean ± SD: 5.9 ± 5.9 years old), who had SSD and were implanted in their deaf ear, were anonymized and extracted from their CI processors. Data for all available follow-up clinical appointments were included, ranging from two to six visits...
May 24, 2017: Ear and Hearing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28541000/validation-of-the-korean-version-of-the-spatial-hearing-questionnaire-for-assessing-the-severity-and-symmetry-of-hearing-impairment
#6
Tae Hoon Kong, Yoon Ah Park, Jeong Pyo Bong, Sang Yoo Park
PURPOSE: Spatial hearing refers to the ability to understand speech and identify sounds in various environments. We assessed the validity of the Korean version of the Spatial Hearing Questionnaire (K-SHQ). MATERIALS AND METHODS: We performed forward translation of the original English SHQ to Korean and backward translation from the Korean to English. Forty-eight patients who were able to read and understand Korean and received a score of 24 or higher on the Mini-Mental Status Examination were included in the study...
July 2017: Yonsei Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28538078/vibroplasty-in-severe-congenital-or-acquired-meatal-stenosis-by-coupling-an-active-middle-ear-implant-to-the-short-process-of-the-incus
#7
Jan Peter Thomas, Christiane Voelter, Katrin Neumann, Stefan Dazert
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the safety and effectiveness of coupling an active middle ear implant to the short process of the incus in subjects with meatal pathologies. STUDY DESIGN: Retrospective study. SETTING: Tertiary referral center. PATIENTS: Twelve patients suffering from either congenital aural atresia or acquired meatal fibrosis. INTERVENTION: Implantation of an active middle ear implant with coupling of the actuator to the short process of the incus...
May 19, 2017: Otology & Neurotology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28535875/utility-of-a-multidisciplinary-approach-to-pediatric-hearing-loss
#8
Karen Ann Hawley, Donald M Goldberg, Samantha Anne
INTRODUCTION: Because management of hearing loss (HL) often requires multiple specialists, a multidisciplinary clinic, Pediatric Hearing Management Clinic, (PHMC) was established to coordinate care for children with newly diagnosed HL. METHODS: Retrospective review of patients seen in PHMC from February 2009 to April 2010. RESULTS: Clinic information was available for 40/41 of the patients and was included in the study. 37/41 had confirmed HL...
May 12, 2017: American Journal of Otolaryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28534732/evaluation-of-adaptive-noise-management-technologies-for-school-age-children-with-hearing-loss
#9
Jace Wolfe, Mila Duke, Erin Schafer, Christine Jones, Lori Rakita
BACKGROUND: Children with hearing loss experience significant difficulty understanding speech in noisy and reverberant situations. Adaptive noise management technologies, such as fully adaptive directional microphones and digital noise reduction, have the potential to improve communication in noise for children with hearing aids. However, there are no published studies evaluating the potential benefits children receive from the use of adaptive noise management technologies in simulated real-world environments as well as in daily situations...
May 2017: Journal of the American Academy of Audiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28534731/speech-recognition-in-nonnative-versus-native-english-speaking-college-students-in-a-virtual-classroom
#10
Dorothy Neave-DiToro, Adrienne Rubinstein, Arlene C Neuman
BACKGROUND: Limited attention has been given to the effects of classroom acoustics at the college level. Many studies have reported that nonnative speakers of English are more likely to be affected by poor room acoustics than native speakers. An important question is how classroom acoustics affect speech perception of nonnative college students. PURPOSE: The combined effect of noise and reverberation on the speech recognition performance of college students who differ in age of English acquisition was evaluated under conditions simulating classrooms with reverberation times (RTs) close to ANSI recommended RTs...
May 2017: Journal of the American Academy of Audiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28534117/a-multicenter-study-on-objective-and-subjective-benefits-with-a-transcutaneous-bone-anchored-hearing-aid-device-first-nordic-results
#11
Dan Dupont Hougaard, Soren Kjaergaard Boldsen, Anne Marie Jensen, Soren Hansen, Per Cayé Thomassen
Examination of objective as well as subjective outcomes with a new transcutaneous bone-anchored hearing aid device. The study was designed as a prospective multicenter consecutive case-series study involving tertiary referral centers at two Danish University Hospitals. A total of 23 patients were implanted. Three were lost to follow-up. Patients had single-sided deafness, conductive or mixed hearing loss. INTERVENTION: Rehabilitative. Aided and unaided sound field hearing was evaluated objectively using (1) pure warble tone thresholds, (2) pure-tone average (PTA4), (3) speech discrimination score (SDS) in quiet, and (4) speech reception threshold 50% at 70 dB SPL noise level (SRT50%)...
May 22, 2017: European Archives of Oto-rhino-laryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28528293/spatiotemporal-movement-variability-in-als-speaking-rate-effects-on-tongue-lower-lip-and-jaw-motor-control
#12
Mili Kuruvilla-Dugdale, Antje Mefferd
PURPOSE: Although it is frequently presumed that bulbar muscle degeneration in Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis (ALS) is associated with progressive loss of speech motor control, empirical evidence is limited. Furthermore, because speaking rate slows with disease progression and rate manipulations are used to improve intelligibility in ALS, this study sought to (i) determine between and within-group differences in articulatory motor control as a result of speaking rate changes and (ii) identify the strength of association between articulatory motor control and speech impairment severity...
May 10, 2017: Journal of Communication Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28526385/prevalence-of-skeletal-muscle-mass-loss-and-its-association-with-swallowing-function-after-cardiovascular-surgery
#13
Hidetaka Wakabayashi, Rimiko Takahashi, Naoko Watanabe, Hideyuki Oritsu, Yoshitaka Shimizu
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to assess the prevalence of skeletal muscle mass loss and its association with swallowing function in patients with dysphagia after cardiovascular surgery. METHODS: A retrospective cohort study was performed in 65 consecutive patients with dysphagia after cardiovascular surgery who were prescribed speech therapy. Skeletal muscle index (SMI) was calculated as total psoas muscle area assessed via abdominal computed tomography divided by height squared...
June 2017: Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28525511/factors-affecting-acoustics-and-speech-intelligibility-in-the-operating-room-size-matters
#14
Richard R McNeer, Christopher L Bennett, Danielle Bodzin Horn, Roman Dudaryk
INTRODUCTION: Noise in health care settings has increased since 1960 and represents a significant source of dissatisfaction among staff and patients and risk to patient safety. Operating rooms (ORs) in which effective communication is crucial are particularly noisy. Speech intelligibility is impacted by noise, room architecture, and acoustics. For example, sound reverberation time (RT60) increases with room size, which can negatively impact intelligibility, while room objects are hypothesized to have the opposite effect...
June 2017: Anesthesia and Analgesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28516959/adaptive-psychological-structure-in-childhood-hearing-impairment-audiological-correlations
#15
A Serra, G Spinato, S Cocuzza, L Licciardello, P Pavone, L Maiolino
The present research deals with the clinical and social problems present during linguistic and cognitive development of deaf children. Currently, the development of Theory of Mind represents an important research field in deafness studies. These international studies highlighted a significant alteration in the development of Theory of Mind in deaf children compared to normal hearing children, especially in cases of congenital or preverbal hearing loss. In particular, the research focuses on the skills of deaf children in recognising emotions and desires, through both perceptive and cognitive methods, by evaluation of psycho-cognitive skills of children with severe hearing loss using a set of questions to be administered to hearing loss patients...
June 2017: Acta Otorhinolaryngologica Italica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28516192/the-value-of-gesell-score-in-predicting-the-outcome-of-cochlear-implantation-in-children
#16
Yang Yang, Liu Haihong, Zheng Jun, Chen Min, Li Ying, Hao Jinsheng, Liu Wei, Zhang Jie, Ni Xin
The purpose is to determine the value of preoperative evaluation on developmental levels using Gesell score in predicting the postoperative outcome in pediatric cochlear implantation (CI) recipients. 78 children who underwent CI were included in our study. Age at the time of CI ranged from 6 to 67 months. The Gesell score including adaptability, fine motor, gross motor, language, and social skill was used for evaluating the patients' developmental levels before the CI, and a developmental quotient (DQ) was calculated by the following formula: (developmental age/actual age) × 100...
May 17, 2017: European Archives of Oto-rhino-laryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28514307/exome-sequencing-identifies-a-de-novo-mutation-of-ctnnb1-gene-in-a-patient-mainly-presented-with-retinal-detachment-lens-and-vitreous-opacities-microcephaly-and-developmental-delay-case-report-and-literature-review
#17
Niu Li, Yufei Xu, Guoqiang Li, Tingting Yu, Ru-En Yao, Xiumin Wang, Jian Wang
RATIONALE: The CTNNB1 (β-catenin) gene is well known for its crucial role in cell adhesion and the Wnt-signaling pathway. Previous studies have shown that gain-of-function mutations in the CTNNB1 gene contribute to the occurrence and development of a variety of carcinomas in humans. Recently, de novo, heterozygous, loss-of-function mutations of the CTNNB1 gene were found that partially explain intellectual disability in some patients. Other major clinical symptoms in these patients included microcephaly, abnormal facial features, motor delays, speech impairments, and deformities of the hands and feet...
May 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28511890/intratympanic-steroid-delivery-by-an-indwelling-catheter-in-refractory-severe-sudden-sensorineural-hearing-loss
#18
Diego Zanetti, Federica Di Berardino, Nader Nassif, Luca Oscar Redaelli De Zinis
OBJECTIVE: Many studies over the last decade showed favorable outcomes with intratympanic (IT) steroid treatment, alone as salvage treatment or in combination with conventional systemic therapy (ST). However, in severe to profound sensorineural hearing loss resistant to ST, the optimal infusion mode, the type and concentration of the solution, the preferable drug, its total amount, and the duration and fractionation of the treatment are still debated. Aim of the study was to investigate the feasibility and the outcomes of a direct and constant IT delivery of dexamethasone (DEX) by means of a new indwelling catheter...
May 13, 2017: Auris, Nasus, Larynx
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28510578/neurofeedback-as-a-form-of-cognitive-rehabilitation-therapy-following-stroke-a-systematic-review
#19
Tian Renton, Alana Tibbles, Jane Topolovec-Vranic
Neurofeedback therapy (NFT) has been used within a number of populations however it has not been applied or thoroughly examined as a form of cognitive rehabilitation within a stroke population. Objectives for this systematic review included: i) identifying how NFT is utilized to treat cognitive deficits following stroke, ii) examining the strength and quality of evidence to support the use of NFT as a form of cognitive rehabilitation therapy (CRT) and iii) providing recommendations for future investigations...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28505526/peripheral-hearing-loss-reduces-the-ability-of-children-to-direct-selective-attention-during-multi-talker-listening
#20
Emma Holmes, Padraig T Kitterick, A Quentin Summerfield
Restoring normal hearing requires knowledge of how peripheral and central auditory processes are affected by hearing loss. Previous research has focussed primarily on peripheral changes following sensorineural hearing loss, whereas consequences for central auditory processing have received less attention. We examined the ability of hearing-impaired children to direct auditory attention to a voice of interest (based on the talker's spatial location or gender) in the presence of a common form of background noise: the voices of competing talkers (i...
May 10, 2017: Hearing Research
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