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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27926472/sweetened-beverage-intake-and-risk-of-latent-autoimmune-diabetes-in-adults-lada-and-type-2-diabetes
#1
Josefin E Löfvenborg, Tomas Andersson, Per-Ola Carlsson, Mozhgan Dorkhan, Leif Groop, Mats Martinell, Tiinamaija Tuomi, Alicja Wolk, Sofia Carlsson
OBJECTIVE: Sweetened beverage intake is associated with increased risk of type 2 diabetes, but its association with autoimmune diabetes is unclear. We aimed to investigate sweetened beverage intake and risk of latent autoimmune diabetes in adults (LADA); autoimmune diabetes with features of type 2 diabetes. DESIGN/METHODS: Data from a Swedish population-based study was used, including incident cases of LADA (n = 357) and type 2 diabetes (n = 1136) and randomly selected controls (n = 1371)...
December 2016: European Journal of Endocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27916866/relationship-between-soft-drink-consumption-and-obesity-in-9-11-years-old-children-in-a-multi-national-study
#2
Peter T Katzmarzyk, Stephanie T Broyles, Catherine M Champagne, Jean-Philippe Chaput, Mikael Fogelholm, Gang Hu, Rebecca Kuriyan, Anura Kurpad, Estelle V Lambert, Jose Maia, Victor Matsudo, Timothy Olds, Vincent Onywera, Olga L Sarmiento, Martyn Standage, Mark S Tremblay, Catrine Tudor-Locke, Pei Zhao
The purpose of this study was to determine the association between regular (sugar containing) and diet (artificially sweetened) soft drink consumption and obesity in children from 12 countries ranging in levels of economic and human development. The sample included 6162 children aged 9-11 years. Information on soft drink consumption was obtained using a food frequency questionnaire. Percentage body fat (%BF) was estimated by bio-electrical impedance analysis, body mass index (BMI) z-scores were computed using World Health Organization reference data, and obesity was defined as a BMI > +2 standard deviations (SD)...
November 30, 2016: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27909849/monitoring-contaminants-of-emerging-concern-from-tertiary-wastewater-treatment-plants-using-passive-sampling-modelled-with-performance-reference-compounds
#3
Tamanna Sultana, Craig Murray, M Ehsanul Hoque, Chris D Metcalfe
The Lake Simcoe watershed in Ontario, Canada is an important recreational area and a recharge zone for groundwater resources. Lake Simcoe is a relatively shallow lotic system that has been impacted by urban development, recreation, industry and agriculture. As part of a watershed management plan, six wastewater treatment plants (WWTPs) located in this catchment basin were selected to measure the inputs of contaminants of emerging concern (CECs) of wastewater origin. These WWTPs were recently upgraded to tertiary treatment for phosphorus removal...
December 2016: Environmental Monitoring and Assessment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27884761/assessment-of-the-motivation-to-use-artificial-sweetener-among-individuals-with-an-eating-disorder
#4
Janet Schebendach, Diane A Klein, Laurel E S Mayer, Evelyn Attia, Michael J Devlin, Richard W Foltin, B Timothy Walsh
Eating disorders are associated with a range of abnormalities in eating behavior. Some individuals consume large amounts of non-caloric artificial sweeteners, suggesting abnormalities in appetitive responding. The current study aimed to quantify hedonic and motivating effects of artificial sweetener in individuals with and without an eating disorder. Two laboratory studies were conducted. Hedonic preference was estimated using the number of artificial sweetener packets (0-10) added to unsweetened cherry flavored Kool-Aid (study 1)...
November 21, 2016: Appetite
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27877104/sweet-taste-receptor-serves-to-activate-glucose-and-leptin-responsive-neurons-in-the-hypothalamic-arcuate-nucleus-and-participates-in-glucose-responsiveness
#5
Daisuke Kohno, Miho Koike, Yuzo Ninomiya, Itaru Kojima, Tadahiro Kitamura, Toshihiko Yada
The hypothalamic feeding center plays an important role in energy homeostasis. In the feeding center, whole-body energy signals including hormones and nutrients are sensed, processed, and integrated. As a result, food intake and energy expenditure are regulated. Two types of glucose-sensing neurons exist in the hypothalamic arcuate nucleus (ARC): glucose-excited neurons and glucose-inhibited neurons. While some molecules are known to be related to glucose sensing in the hypothalamus, the mechanisms underlying glucose sensing in the hypothalamus are not fully understood...
2016: Frontiers in Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27871148/composition-and-diversity-of-mucosa-associated-microbiota-along-the-entire-length-of-the-pig-gastrointestinal-tract-dietary-influences
#6
Jennifer Kelly, Kristian Daly, Andrew W Moran, Sheila Ryan, David Bravo, Soraya P Shirazi-Beechey
Mucosa-associated microbial populations of the gastrointestinal tract are in intimate contact with the outer mucus layer. This proximity offers these populations a higher potential, than lumenal microbiota, in exerting effects on the host. Functional characteristics of the microbiota and influences of host- physiology shape the composition and activity of the mucosa-associated bacterial community. We have shown previously that inclusion of an artificial sweetener, SUCRAM, included in the diet of weaning piglets modulates the composition of lumenal-residing gut microbiota and reduces weaning-related gastrointestinal disorders...
November 21, 2016: Environmental Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27831459/an-investigation-into-the-relationship-between-plain-water-intake-and-glycated-hb-hba1c-a-sex-stratified-cross-sectional-analysis-of-the-uk-national-diet-and-nutrition-survey-2008-2012
#7
Harriet A Carroll, James A Betts, Laura Johnson
The aim of this study was to analyse the association between plain water intake and glycated Hb (HbA1c) in the National Diet and Nutrition Survey (2008-2012) rolling survey. These data included diet (4-d diaries) and HbA1c (fasted blood sample) measures of 456 men and 579 women aged 44 (sd 18) years with full information on covariates of interest (age, ethnicity, BMI, smoking status, education, other beverage intake, energy intake and fibre). Data were analysed using sex-stratified linear and logistic regressions modelling the associations of cups per d (240 ml) of plain water with HbA1c, and odds of HbA1c≥5·5 %, respectively...
November 10, 2016: British Journal of Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27822379/removal-of-micropollutants-through-a-biological-wastewater-treatment-plant-in-a-subtropical-climate-queensland-australia
#8
Miguel Antonio Reyes Cardenas, Imtiaj Ali, Foon Yin Lai, Les Dawes, Ricarda Thier, Jay Rajapakse
BACKGROUND: Municipal wastewaters contain a multitude of organic compounds derived from domestic and industrial sources including active components of pharmaceutical and personal care products and compounds used in agriculture, such as pesticides, or food processing such as artificial sweeteners often referred to as micropollutants. Some of these compounds or their degradation products may have detrimental effects on the environment, wildlife and humans. Acesuflame is one of the most popular artificial sweeteners to date used in foodstuffs...
2016: Journal of Environmental Health Science & Engineering
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27816105/stevia-glycosides-chemical-and-enzymatic-modifications-of-their-carbohydrate-moieties-to-improve-the-sweet-tasting-quality
#9
Gerrit J Gerwig, Evelien M Te Poele, Lubbert Dijkhuizen, Johannis P Kamerling
Stevia glycosides, extracted from the leaves of the plant Stevia rebaudiana Bertoni, display an amazing high degree of sweetness. As processed plant products, they are considered as excellent bio-alternatives for sucrose and artificial sweeteners. Being noncaloric and having beneficial properties for human health, they are the subject of an increasing number of studies for applications in food and pharmacy. However, one of the main obstacles for the successful commercialization of Stevia sweeteners, especially in food, is their slight bitter aftertaste and astringency...
2016: Advances in Carbohydrate Chemistry and Biochemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27800650/supplementation-of-oligofructose-but-not-sucralose-decreases-high-fat-diet-induced-body-weight-gain-in-mice-independent-of-gustducin-mediated-gut-hormone-release
#10
Sandra Steensels, Leen Cools, Bert Avau, Laurien Vancleef, Ricard Farré, Kristin Verbeke, Inge Depoortere
SCOPE: Enteroendocrine cells sense nutrients through taste receptors similar to those on the tongue. Sweet and fatty acid taste receptors (FFAR) coupled to the gustatory G-protein, gustducin, on enteroendocrine cells play a role in gut hormone release. We studied if supplementation of artificial (sucralose) or prebiotic (oligofructose; OFS) sweeteners target gustducin-mediated signaling pathways to alter gut hormone release and reduce obesity-associated disorders. METHODS AND RESULTS: Wild-type (WT) and α-gustducin knockout (α-gust(-/-) ) mice were fed a high-fat diet and gavaged once daily (8 wk) with water or equisweet concentrations of sweeteners...
October 31, 2016: Molecular Nutrition & Food Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27794193/saccharin-increases-perception-of-bladder-filling-in-a-forced-diuresis-experiment
#11
Evangelia Bakali, Jennifer Hong, James Gillespie, Douglas Tincello
AIMS: To study bladder sensation during a forced diuresis protocol and to assess differences in sensation perceived by different ethnic groups and after drinking artificially sweetened water. METHODS: Female Caucasian and south Indian Asian volunteers performed the diuresis protocol drinking water, or water sweetened with saccharin (5 mg/kg body weight). Participants recorded filling sensation every 5 min while drinking 250-350 mL/15 min. They were asked to record the strongest sensation before voiding as maximum sensation, before voiding...
October 29, 2016: Neurourology and Urodynamics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27775628/chocolate-classification-by-an-electronic-nose-with-pressure-controlled-generated-stimulation
#12
Luis F Valdez, Juan Manuel Gutiérrez
In this work, we will analyze the response of a Metal Oxide Gas Sensor (MOGS) array to a flow controlled stimulus generated in a pressure controlled canister produced by a homemade olfactometer to build an E-nose. The built E-nose is capable of chocolate identification between the 26 analyzed chocolate bar samples and four features recognition (chocolate type, extra ingredient, sweetener and expiration date status). The data analysis tools used were Principal Components Analysis (PCA) and Artificial Neural Networks (ANNs)...
October 20, 2016: Sensors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27744200/toxicological-hazard-induced-by-sucralose-to-environmentally-relevant-concentrations-in-common-carp-cyprinus-carpio
#13
Karinne Saucedo-Vence, Armando Elizalde-Velázquez, Octavio Dublán-García, Marcela Galar-Martínez, Hariz Islas-Flores, Nely SanJuan-Reyes, Sandra García-Medina, María Dolores Hernández-Navarro, Leobardo Manuel Gómez-Oliván
Sucralose (SUC) is an artificial sweetener that is now widely used in North American and Europe; it has been detected in a wide variety of aquatic environments. It is considered safe for human consumption but its effects in the ecosystem have not yet been studied in depth, since limited ecotoxicological data are available in the peer-reviewed literature. This study aimed to evaluate potential SUC-induced toxicological hazard in the blood, brain, gill, liver and muscle of Cyprinus carpio using oxidative stress biomarkers...
October 13, 2016: Science of the Total Environment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27728881/removal-of-artificial-sweetener-aspartame-from-aqueous-media-by-electrochemical-advanced-oxidation-processes
#14
Heng Lin, Nihal Oturan, Jie Wu, Virender K Sharma, Hui Zhang, Mehmet A Oturan
The degradation and mineralization of aspartame (ASP) in aqueous solution were investigated, for the first time, by electrochemical advanced oxidation processes (EAOPs) in which hydroxyl radicals were formed concomitantly in the bulk from Fenton reaction via in situ electrogenerated Fenton's reagent and at the anode surface from the water oxidation. Experiments were performed in an undivided cylindrical glass cell with a carbon-felt cathode and a Pt or boron-doped diamond (BDD) anode. The effect of Fe(2+) concentration and applied current on the degradation and mineralization kinetics of ASP was evaluated...
October 8, 2016: Chemosphere
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27723294/adsorptive-removal-of-artificial-sweeteners-from-water-using-metal-organic-frameworks-functionalized-with-urea-or-melamine
#15
Pill Won Seo, Nazmul Abedin Khan, Zubair Hasan, Sung Hwa Jhung
A highly porous metal-organic framework (MOF), MIL-101, was modified to introduce urea or melamine via grafting on open metal sites of the MOF. Adsorptive removal of three artificial sweeteners (ASWs) was studied using the MOFs, with or without modifications (including nitration), and activated carbon (AC). The adsorbed quantities (based on the weight of the adsorbent) of saccharin (SAC) under various conditions decreased in the order urea-MIL-101 > melamine-MIL-101 > MIL-101 > AC > O2N-MIL-101; however, the quantities based on unit surface area are in the order melamine-MIL-101 > urea-MIL-101 > MIL-101 > O2N-MIL-101...
October 10, 2016: ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27714637/headaches-a-review-of-the-role-of-dietary-factors
#16
Zoya Zaeem, Lily Zhou, Esma Dilli
Dietary triggers are commonly reported by patients with a variety of headaches, particularly those with migraines. The presence of any specific dietary trigger in migraine patients varies from 10 to 64 % depending on study population and methodology. Some foods trigger headache within an hour while others develop within 12 h post ingestion. Alcohol (especially red wine and beer), chocolate, caffeine, dairy products such as aged cheese, food preservatives with nitrates and nitrites, monosodium glutamate (MSG), and artificial sweeteners such as aspartame have all been studied as migraine triggers in the past...
November 2016: Current Neurology and Neuroscience Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27683267/effects-of-daily-exposure-to-saccharin-and-sucrose-on-testicular-biologic-functions-in-mice
#17
Ting Gong, Quan-Wei Wei, Da-Gan Mao, Kentaro Nagaoka, Gen Watanabe, Kazuyoshi Taya, Fang-Xiong Shi
Saccharin sodium consumption is considered safe and beneficial, owing to its very intense sweetness without any associated calories, but supporting scientific data remain sparse and controversial. Herein, we demonstrate that dose-response relationships existed with regard to administration of saccharin or sucrose to mice for 35 days, and this association involved testis-expressed sweet-tasting molecules (taste receptor type 1 subunit 3 [T1R3]; G protein alpha-gustducin [Galpha]). Mouse body weights and testis weights in middle- and low-dose saccharin-treated groups were increased with up-expressions of molecules involved in testicular sweet taste and steroidogenic (middle saccharin: steroidogenic acute regulatory protein [StAR]; P450 cholesterol side-chain cleavage enzyme [CYP11A1]; 17-alpha-hydroxylase/C17,20-lyase [CYP17A1]; low saccharin: StAR)...
December 2016: Biology of Reproduction
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27669522/artificially-sweetened-beverage-consumption-during-pregnancy-and-infant-body-mass-index
#18
Patrick Mullie, Peter Clarys, Philippe Autier
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 26, 2016: JAMA Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27669455/artificially-sweetened-beverage-consumption-during-pregnancy-and-infant-body-mass-index
#19
Claudia Pagliari
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 26, 2016: JAMA Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27668359/artificially-sweetened-beverage-consumption-during-pregnancy-and-infant-body-mass-index-reply
#20
Meghan B Azad, Russell J de Souza, Atul K Sharma
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 26, 2016: JAMA Pediatrics
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