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A D Barth
Efficient and economical herd management depends a great deal on maintaining a short, well-defined calving season. This requires highly fertile females and bulls. Low pregnancy rates are very noticeable, however; potentially greater economic loss may be due to delayed conception. Many studies showed that approximately one of every five bulls had inadequate semen quality, physical soundness, or both, but when evaluation of serving capacity is included about one in four bulls is unsatisfactory. Due mainly to the time and expense that the market will bear, usually only physical soundness and semen quality are evaluated...
March 21, 2018: Animal: An International Journal of Animal Bioscience
Chetna Gangwar, Atul Saxena, Akhil Patel, S P Singh, Sarvajeet Yadav, Ravindra Kumar, Vijay Singh
The experiment was conducted to study cryopreservation induced sperm cryoinjuries and the protective effect of reduced Glutathione supplementation in Murrah bull semen. A total of 20 semen ejaculates were split into two parts after initial examination and were extended in glycerolated egg yolk TRIS diluter (Control group) and glycerolated egg yolk TRIS diluter + 0.5 mM reduced Glutathione (Treatment Group). The diluted semen samples were loaded into 0.25 ml French mini straw and sealing of straws were done...
March 9, 2018: Animal Reproduction Science
Shabir Ahmad Lone
Artificial insemination (AI) with cryopreserved semen has a pivotal role in wider dissemination of germplasm of elite livestock and also for conservation of various endangered species. Cryopreservation allows storage of semen for a prolonged period of time and facilitates greater exchange of genetic material among distant populations. Cryopreservation, however, leads to certain deleterious effects on sperm including premature induction of the acrosome reaction, reduced sperm motility and viability, and impaired sperm DNA integrity and fertility...
March 13, 2018: Animal Reproduction Science
Mathew J Tomlinson, Asad Naeem
CASA has been used in reproductive medicine and pathology laboratories for over 25 years, yet the 'fertility industry' generally remains sceptical and has avoided automation, despite clear weaknesses in manual semen analysis. Early implementers had difficulty in validating CASA-Mot instruments against recommended manual methods (haemocytometer) due to the interference of seminal debris and non-sperm cells, which also affects the accuracy of grading motility. Both the inability to provide accurate sperm counts and a lack of consensus as to the value of sperm kinematic parameters appear to have continued to have a negative effect on CASA-Mot's reputation...
March 21, 2018: Reproduction, Fertility, and Development
Jean-Christophe Billeter, Mariana F Wolfner
Chemicals released into the environment by food, predators and conspecifics play critical roles in Drosophila reproduction. Females and males live in an environment full of smells, whose molecules communicate to them the availability of food, potential mates, competitors or predators. Volatile chemicals derived from fruit, yeast growing on the fruit, and flies already present on the fruit attract Drosophila, concentrating flies at food sites, where they will also mate. Species-specific cuticular hydrocarbons displayed on female Drosophila as they mature are sensed by males and act as pheromones to stimulate mating by conspecific males and inhibit heterospecific mating...
March 19, 2018: Journal of Chemical Ecology
Yanan Du, Yan Wang, Liqing Du, Chang Xu, Kaihua Ji, Jinhan Wang, Qiang Liu
In this data article, 146 villagers (exposed group) were randomly selected from the workers who involved in the e-wastes recycling directly as a daily job in Tianjin. Control group, including 121 villagers, came from another town without e-waste disposal sites. Chromosomal aberrations (CA) and cytokinesis blocking micronucleus (CBMN) were performed to detect the cytogenetic effect for each subject. DNA damage was detected using comet assay; the DNA percentage in the comet tail (TDNA%), tail moment (TM), and Olive tail moment (OTM) were recorded to describe DNA damage to lymphocytes and spermatozoa...
April 2018: Data in Brief
Zufferey Fanny, Rahban Rita, Garcia Arnaud, Gagnebin Yoric, Boccard Julien, Tonoli David, Jeanneret Fabienne, Stettler Eric, Senn Alfred, Nef Serge, Rudaz Serge, F Rossier Michel
Steroids play an important role in sperm production and quality. These hormones have been extensively studied in blood, but poorly investigated in semen. The purpose of our study was to evaluate the relationship between sperm quality and steroid profiles in blood and semen in a small cohort of young Swiss men. Another objective was to determine whether the presence of xenobiotics or drugs could influence these profiles. Semen analysis was performed according to WHO guidelines, and steroid profiles in blood serum and seminal plasma were determined by two complementary approaches: a targeted investigation involving the quantification of a limited number of relevant steroids for testing putative correlations with sperm parameters and a global "steroidomic" analysis highlighting their complex metabolic relationship...
March 16, 2018: Clinical Biochemistry
Vander Borght Mélodie, Wyns Christine
Infertility is a disease characterized by the failure to establish a clinical pregnancy after 12 months of regular and unprotected sexual intercourse. It is estimated to affect between 8 and 12% of reproductive-aged couples worldwide. Males are found to be solely responsible for 20-30% of infertility cases but contribute to 50% of cases overall. Secondary infertility is the most common form of female infertility around the globe, often due to reproductive tract infections. The three major factors influencing the spontaneous probability of conception are the time of unwanted non-conception, the age of the female partner and the disease-related infertility...
March 16, 2018: Clinical Biochemistry
C Magnotti, E Figueroa, J G Farias, O Merino, I Valdebenito, R P S Oliveira, V Cerqueira
In this article we describe basic aspects of the sperm biology of lebranche mullet (Mugil liza) in the wild and in captivity, in particular assessing the effects of salinity (0, 10, 20, 30, 35, 40, 50 and 60 g L-1 ) and pH (6, 7, 8, 9 and 10) on sperm motility. Our results indicate that the highest percentage of motility was recorded with salinity 34.6 g L-1 (95 ± 10%) and the longest motility time was obtained with a salinity of 34.8 g L-1 (189 ± 15 s). Variations in the salinity between 30 and 35 g L-1 did not produce any significant alterations in sperm motility; however salinities of 20 and 50 g L-1 produced a significant loss of sperm motility...
March 9, 2018: Animal Reproduction Science
D A Kenny, C J Byrne
The advent of genomic selection has led to increased interest within the cattle breeding industry to market semen from young bulls as early as possible. However, both the quantity and quality of such semen is dictated by the age at which these animals reach puberty. Enhancing early life plane of nutrition of the bull stimulates a complex biochemical interplay involving metabolic and neuroendocrine signalling and culminating in enhanced testicular growth and development and earlier onset of sexual maturation...
March 20, 2018: Animal: An International Journal of Animal Bioscience
Hwa Yeon Kim, Ha Na Song, Munkhtugs Davaatseren, Hyun Joo Chang, Hyang Sook Chun
BACKGROUND: It is well known that endoplasmic reticulum (ER) stress plays a huge role in development of metabolic diseases. Specially, ER stress-induced cellular dysfunction has a significant involvement in the pathogenesis of human chronic disorders. This study was designed to study to assess whether an ethanol extract of Coicis Semen (CSE) and coixol induces the ER stress in Chang liver cells. METHODS: Coicis Semen was mixed with 95% ethanol at a ratio of 1:10 (w/v) and freeze dried...
March 20, 2018: BMC Complementary and Alternative Medicine
Anita Kuriya, Chioma Agbo, Michael H Dahan
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the relationship of one or a combination of semen analysis parameter results on insemination outcomes. MATERIAL AND METHODS: A retrospective analysis was performed to evaluate the effect on pregnancy rates in relation to one or more abnormal semen analysis parameters based on the 2010 World Health Organization semen analysis guidelines. RESULTS: Nine hundred and eighty one couples underwent 2231 intrauterine insemination cycles at the Stanford Fertility and Reproductive Medicine Center...
March 19, 2018: Journal of the Turkish German Gynecological Association
R Vishwanath, J F Moreno
It is approaching three decades since the first public evidence of sex-sorting of semen. The technology has progressed considerably since then with a number of institutions and researchers collaborating to eventually bring this to application. The technical challenges have been quite substantial and in the early years the application was limited to only heifer inseminations. Comparable fertility of sex-sorted semen with conventional semen has been an aspirational benchmark for the industry for many years. Significant investment in research in the primary biology of sex-sorted sperm and associated sorting equipment ensured steady progress over the years and current methods particularly the new SexedULTRA-4M™ seems to have now mostly bridged this fertility gap...
March 19, 2018: Animal: An International Journal of Animal Bioscience
J Richard Pilsner, Alex Shershebnev, Yulia Medvedeva, Alexander Suvorov, Haotian Wu, Andrey Goltsov, Evgeny Loukianov, Tatiana Andreeva, Fedor Gusev, Andrey Manakhov, Luidmila Smigulina, Maria Logacheva, Victoria Shtratnikova, Irina Kuznetsova, Peter Speranskiy-Podobed, Jane S Burns, Paige L Williams, Susan Korrick, Mary M Lee, Evgeny Rogaev, Russ Hauser, Oleg Sergeyev
BACKGROUND: The association of exposure to endocrine disrupting chemicals in the peripubertal period with subsequent sperm DNA methylation is unknown. OBJECTIVE: We examined the association of peripubertal serum 2,3,7,8-tetrachlorodibenzo-p-dioxin (TCDD) concentrations with whole-genome bisulfite sequencing (WGBS) of sperm collected in young adulthood. METHODS: The Russian Children's Study is a prospective cohort of 516 boys who were enrolled at 8-9 years of age and provided semen samples at 18-19 years of age...
March 14, 2018: Reproductive Toxicology
Tae Beom Kim, Young Sup Shim, Sang Min Lee, Eun Suk Son, Jung Woo Shim, Sang Pyo Lee
Post-orgasmic illness syndrome (POIS) is a very rare disease characterized by local allergic symptoms and transient flu-like illness that nearly always occur after masturbation, coitus, or spontaneous ejaculation and last for 2 to 7 days. In a previous case report, 2 patients with POIS received hyposensitization therapy composed of multiple subcutaneous injections of autologous semen that resulted in a gradual decrease of symptoms. However, this procedure requires patients to endure pain and discomfort during frequent subcutaneous injections and preceding masturbations to obtain the autologous semen used for therapy...
March 14, 2018: Sexual Medicine
Edel M Murphy, Ciara O' Meara, Bernard Eivers, Patrick Lonergan, Sean Fair
Temperature regulation of liquid bovine semen can be difficult in field situations. Two experiments were carried out to assess the effect of storage temperature on in vitro sperm characteristics and 60-d nonreturn rate (NRR) following artificial insemination (AI) of liquid bovine semen. In experiment 1, the effect of storage of liquid bovine semen in INRA96 diluent (IMV Technologies, L'Aigle, France) at 1 of 5 storage temperatures (5, 15, or 28°C, and fluctuating between 5 and 15°C or 5 and 28°C) on total and progressive motility and kinematic parameters was assessed objectively via computer-assisted sperm analyzer on d 0, 1, 2, 3, and 4 after collection...
March 14, 2018: Journal of Dairy Science
E Hanson, S Ingold, C Haas, J Ballantyne
The recovery of a DNA profile from the perpetrator or victim in criminal investigations can provide valuable 'source level' information for investigators. However, a DNA profile does not reveal the circumstances by which biological material was transferred. Some contextual information can be obtained by a determination of the tissue or fluid source of origin of the biological material as it is potentially indicative of some behavioral activity on behalf of the individual that resulted in its transfer from the body...
March 6, 2018: Forensic Science International. Genetics
Ross E Anderson, Heidi A Hanson, Diana Thai, Chong Zhang, Angela P Presson, Kenneth I Aston, Douglas T Carrell, Ken R Smith, James M Hotaling
PURPOSE: To study the role of individual semen parameters on the offspring birth weight and body mass index (BMI) from a population of men evaluated in an assisted reproduction technology (ART) clinic compared to fertile controls. METHODS: We performed a retrospective study using a cohort with fertile, age-matched controls of men evaluated with semen analysis at the University of Utah Andrology Clinic from 1996 to 2011 and Intermountain Healthcare from 2002 to 2011...
March 17, 2018: Journal of Assisted Reproduction and Genetics
Kristel Ehala-Aleksejev, Margus Punab
This study aimed to determine the effect of metabolic syndrome (MS) on the reproductive function in fertile (FM) and male partners of infertile couples (MPIC). We performed a cross-sectional study formatting two study groups: partners of pregnant women (n = 238; mean age 32.0) as FM and male partners of infertile couples (n = 2642; mean age 32.6) as MPIC. A standard semen analysis was performed and clinical, laboratory and lifestyle data were analysed. The adapted NCEP-ATPIII criteria were used to define MS...
2018: PloS One
Luis Anel-López, Olga Garcia-Álvarez, Tatiana Tarantini, David Del Olmo, Jose Antonio Ortiz, Sergio Ledda, Emilio Arsenio Martinez, Ana J Soler, Jordi Roca, María R Fernández Santos, Juan Maria Vázquez, Inmaculada Parrilla, Jose Julián Garde
The aim of this study was to assess the effect of insemination timing on pregnancy rates in red deer (Cervus elaphus) when using sex-sorted sperm samples. Semen was collected by electroejaculation from 8 mature stags and processed to obtain: Conventional samples, following standard freezing procedures for commercial purposes; Control sorted samples, diluted and handled as per sorted samples but without being submitted to the sorter passage; and Y Sex Sorted (YSS) samples. Hinds were synchronized via intravaginal CIDR (Controlled Internal Drug Release) placement and given eCG (Folligon® PMSG Serum Gonadotrophin) on day 12, upon CIDR removal...
March 9, 2018: Theriogenology
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