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Acupuncture and Addiction

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27618609/why-acupuncture-in-pain-treatment
#1
Alena Ondrejkovicova, Gabriel Petrovics, Katarína Svitkova, Bibiana Bajtekova, Ondrej Bangha
Acupuncture is one of the branches of Chinese Traditional Medicine dating back almost 5 000 years. The expansion of China's trade and business relations with other Asian countries brought about the spreading of acupuncture in 7th Century. Nowadays, acupuncture is an interdisciplinary clinical field of Medicine dealing with treatment, diagnostics and prevention of mainly functional disorders, algic, allergic and addictive conditions of various etiology, localization and intensity. It draws from the millennia of experience of Oriental Medicine as well as contemporary knowledge of morphology, physiology and neurophysiology...
July 16, 2016: Neuro Endocrinology Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27451854/auricular-acupuncture-for-substance-use-a-randomized-controlled-trial-of-effects-on-anxiety-sleep-drug-use-and-use-of-addiction-treatment-services
#2
Rickard Ahlberg, Kurt Skårberg, Ole Brus, Lars Kjellin
BACKGROUND: A common alternative treatment for substance abuse is auricular acupuncture. The aim of the study was to evaluate the short and long-term effect of auricular acupuncture on anxiety, sleep, drug use and addiction treatment utilization in adults with substance abuse. METHOD: Of the patients included, 280 adults with substance abuse and psychiatric comorbidity, 80 were randomly assigned to auricular acupuncture according to the NADA protocol, 80 to auricular acupuncture according to a local protocol (LP), and 120 to relaxation (controls)...
2016: Substance Abuse Treatment, Prevention, and Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27377488/acupuncture-for-detoxification-in-treatment-of-opioid-addiction
#3
S Ly Wu, A Wn Leung, D Tw Yew
Opioid is a popular drug of abuse and addiction. We evaluated acupuncture as a non-pharmacological treatment with a focus on managing withdrawal symptoms. Electrical stimulation at a low frequency (2 Hz) accelerates endorphin and encephalin production. High-frequency stimulation (100 Hz) up-regulates the dynorphin level that in turn suppresses withdrawal at the spinal level. The effect of 100-Hz electroacupuncture may be associated with brain-derived neurotrophic factor activation at the ventral tegmental area, down-regulation of cAMP response element-binding protein, and enhanced dynorphin synthesis in the spinal cord, periaqueductal grey, and hypothalamus...
June 2016: East Asian Archives of Psychiatry: Official Journal of the Hong Kong College of Psychiatrists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27181124/hazards-of-insomnia-and-the-effects-of-acupuncture-treatment-on-insomnia
#4
REVIEW
Yu-fang Lin, Zhi-dan Liu, Wen Ma, Wei-dong Shen
Insomnia is a common disease in modern society; it is made worse by increasingly fierce competition in the workplace and elsewhere, along with rapid economic and social development. Sleep disorders can result in changes in serum biomarkers and decreased immunity, and may cause maladies such as depression and cardiac diseases, as well as many other somatic symptoms. Western medications for treating insomnia can easily lead to addiction and other adverse effects. Fortunately, acupuncture can ease the symptoms of insomnia...
May 2016: Journal of Integrative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27053944/acupuncture-therapy-for-drug-addiction
#5
Farid Esmaeili Motlagh, Fatimah Ibrahim, Rusdi Abd Rashid, Tahereh Seghatoleslam, Hussain Habil
Acupuncture therapy has been used to treat substance abuse. This study aims to review experimental studies examining the effects of acupuncture on addiction. Research and review articles on acupuncture treatment of substance abuse published between January 2000 and September 2014 were searched using the databases ISI Web of Science Core Collection and EBSCO's MEDLINE Complete. Clinical trial studies on the efficacy of acupuncture therapy for substance abuse were classified according to substance (cocaine, opioid, nicotine, and alcohol), and their treatment protocols, assessments, and findings were examined...
2016: Chinese Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26907924/acupuncture-regulates-the-unfolded-protein-response-and-inhibits-apoptosis-in-a-rat-model-of-heroin-relapse
#6
Yang Zhang, Xing-Hui Cai, Rong-Jun Zhang, Xiao-Rong Hou, Xiao-Ge Song, Sheng-Bing Wu, Shuang Yu, Jiang-Peng Cao
OBJECT: To explore the unfolded protein response (UPR) in the hippocampus of rats undergoing heroin relapse and the mechanisms underlying the acupuncture-mediated inhibition of brain damage caused by heroin relapse. METHODS: 60 Sprague-Dawley rats (30 females and 30 males) were randomly divided into four groups: Control group, Heroin group, Heroin+acupuncture group, and Heroin+methadone group (n=15 each). In the latter three groups, a model of heroin addiction was established by successive increments of intramuscular heroin injections for 8 days, according to the exposure (addiction)→detoxification method...
December 2016: Acupuncture in Medicine: Journal of the British Medical Acupuncture Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26571908/-rules-of-acupoints-combination-of-ancient-acupuncture-for-xiaoke-based-on-data-mining-technology
#7
LinLing Xu, Tianshu Xu, Jianbin Zhang
The rules of acupoints combination of ancient acupuncture for Xiaoke are mainly explored. By retrieval on ancient literature, the database of acupuncture and moxibustion for Xiaoke is established; based on the database, association analysis between acupoints and symptoms is performed. According to the association analysis in 5 databases of Xiaoke database, Xiaoke database of kidney deficiency, Xiaoke-database of dry mnouth and thirst, Xiaoke database of difficult urination, Xiaoke database of drinking addiction, the results are mainly characterized with symptom differentiation combination, distal-local combination, local combination and front-back combination, which can nourish yin and clear heat...
August 2015: Zhongguo Zhen Jiu, Chinese Acupuncture & Moxibustion
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26197102/-prevention-of-alcohol-dependence
#8
A C Trova, Th Paparrigopoulos, I Liappas, M Ginieri-Coccossis
With the exception of cardiovascular diseases, no other medical condition causes more serious dysfunction or premature deaths than alcohol-related problems. Research results indicate that alcohol dependent individuals present an exceptionally poor level of quality of life. This is an outcome that highlights the necessity of planning and implementing preventive interventions on biological, psychological or social level, to be provided to individuals who make alcohol abuse, as well as to their families. Preventive interventions can be considered on three levels of prevention: (a) primary prevention, which is focused on the protection of healthy individuals from alcohol abuse and dependence, and may be provided on a universal, selective or indicated level, (b) secondary prevention, which aims at the prevention of deterioration regarding alcoholic dependence and relapse, in the cases of individuals already diagnosed with the condition and (c) tertiary prevention, which is focused at minimizing deterioration of functioning in chronically sufferers from alcoholic dependence...
April 2015: Psychiatrikē, Psychiatriki
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26048457/training-psychiatry-addiction-fellows-in-acupuncture
#9
Kelly Serafini, Katurah Bryant, Jolomi Ikomi, Donna LaPaglia
OBJECTIVE: Acupuncture has been studied as an adjunct for addiction treatments. Because many hospitals, outpatient clinics, and facilities are integrating acupuncture treatment, it is important that psychiatrists remain informed about this treatment. This manuscript describes the National Acupuncture Detoxification Association (NADA) protocol and its inclusion as part of the curriculum for psychiatry addictions fellows. METHODS: Psychiatry and psychology fellows completed the NADA training (n = 20) and reported on their satisfaction with the training...
June 2016: Academic Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25954756/introduction-of-auricular-acupuncture-in-elderly-patients-suffering-from-major-depression-protocol-of-a-mixed-methods-feasibility-study
#10
Janina Geib, Monika A Rieger, Stefanie Joos, Gerhard W Eschweiler, Thomas Dresler, Florian G Metzger
BACKGROUND: Due to an increasing number of elderly people suffering from major depression and potential side effects of the prescribed drugs, the introduction of new therapeutic approaches is needed. Currently, in Germany, auricular acupuncture is no part of clinical care for gerontopsychiatric patients. Based on promising clinical experiences and existing evidence for treating addiction and trauma, a benefit of auricular acupuncture integrated in existing treatment programs in elderly patients may be hypothesized...
2015: BioMed Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25920103/erratum
#11
(no author information available yet)
The publisher found that the following CE tests were published with incorrect DOIs:In the CE Test for "The Baltimore Buprenorphine Initiative: Understanding the Role of Buprenorphine in Addressing Heroin Addiction in an Urban-Based Community." (2014). Journal of Addictions Nursing, 25(1), 26Y27, doi: 10.1097/JAN.0000000000000013 should have been doi: 10.1097/JAN.0000000000000024. In the CE Test for "Substance Abuse Treatment Processes and Outcomes in Day/Outpatient Health Maintenance Organization Setting." (2014)...
January 2015: Journal of Addictions Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25744457/regulatory-effect-of-bee-venom-on-methamphetamine-induced-cellular-activities-in-prefrontal-cortex-and-nucleus-accumbens-in-mice
#12
Ji Seon Son, Young Chan Jeong, Young Bae Kwon
Our previous studies demonstrated that subcutaneous injection of bee venom (BV) into the Zusanli (ST36) acupuncture point, namely BV acupuncture, dose-dependently prevents conditioned place preference (CPP) induced by repeated injection of methamphetamine (METH) in mice. To expand on our observations, the present study was designed to determine the suppressive mechanisms of BV acupuncture in the development of METH-induced CPP by evaluating the changes in expression of ΔFosB, phosphorylated extracellular signal-regulated kinase 1/2 (pERK), and phosphorylated calcium/calmodulin-dependent protein kinase type II (pCaMKII) in the prefrontal cortex (PFC) and nucleus accumbens (NAc) in mice...
2015: Biological & Pharmaceutical Bulletin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25530779/efficacy-of-acupuncture-for-psychological-symptoms-associated-with-opioid-addiction-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#13
REVIEW
Zhang Boyuan, Chen Yang, Cheng Ke, Shen Xueyong, Liu Sheng
This review systematically assessed the clinical evidence for and against acupuncture as a treatment for psychological symptoms associated with opioid addiction. The database was accessed from MEDLINE and China Knowledge Resource Integrated Database. We included all randomized clinical trials published in Chinese and English regardless of their controls. Meta-analysis was performed using the RevMan software, version 5.2. We conducted a literature search of 16 databases from their inception to January 2014. Four studies from Western countries did not report any clinical gains in the treatment of psychological symptoms associated with opioid addiction...
2014: Evidence-based Complementary and Alternative Medicine: ECAM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25518108/-effect-of-manual-acupuncture-stimulation-of-baihui-gv-20-and-dazhui-gv-14-on-contents-of-5-ht-dopamine-and-ach-and-expression-of-5-ht-mrna-da-mrna-and-ache-mrna-in-the-hippocampus-in-methamphetamine-addiction-rats
#14
Shuang Yu, Ling Chen, Xing-hui Cai, Xiao-ge Song, Yue Zhang, Yang Zhang, Rui Song, Yi-fang Li
OBJECTIVE: To observe the effect of manual acupuncture stimulation on changes of hippocampal monoamine neurotransmitter levels and expression of 5-hydorxytryptamine (5-HT) mRNA, dopamine (DA) mRNA and acetylcholine esterase (AChE) mRNA in methamphetamine addiction rats, so as to explore its mechanism underlying improvement of drug addiction. METHODS: SD rats were randomly divided into normal control, model and manual acupuncture groups (n=10 in each group). Drug addiction model was established by i...
October 2014: Zhen Ci Yan Jiu, Acupuncture Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25514687/nada-protocol-integrative-acupuncture-in-addictions
#15
Kenneth Carter, Michelle Olshan-Perlmutter
National Acupuncture Detoxification Association (NADA) acupuncture is a simple, standardized, 1- to 5-point auricular needling protocol that originated as a grass-roots response to the opiate epidemic of the 1970s. NADA acupuncture is increasingly recognized as a universally useful intervention in the treatment of addictions specifically and in behavior health more generally. It is recognized as a best practice in the treatment of substance use disorders. Integrative programs using the NADA protocol are likely to see improvements in engagement, retention, decreased drug cravings, anxiety, and less physical symptoms...
October 2014: Journal of Addictions Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25368637/acupuncture-inhibits-cue-induced-heroin-craving-and-brain-activation
#16
Xinghui Cai, Xiaoge Song, Chuanfu Li, Chunsheng Xu, Xiliang Li, Qi Lu
Previous research using functional MRI has shown that specific brain regions associated with drug dependence and cue-elicited heroin craving are activated by environmental cues. Craving is an important trigger of heroin relapse, and acupuncture may inhibit craving. In this study, we performed functional MRI in heroin addicts and control subjects. We compared differences in brain activation between the two groups during heroin cue exposure, heroin cue exposure plus acupuncture at the Zusanli point (ST36) without twirling of the needle, and heroin cue exposure plus acupuncture at the Zusanli point with twirling of the needle...
November 25, 2012: Neural Regeneration Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25206797/acupuncture-at-baihui-and-dazhui-reduces-brain-cell-apoptosis-in-heroin-readdicts
#17
Xiaorong Hou, Rongjun Zhang, Hang Lv, Xinghui Cai, Guangchuan Xie, Xiaoge Song
Acupuncture at Baihui (GV20) and Dazhui (GV14) reduces neuronal loss and attenuates ultrastructural damage in cerebral ischemic rats. However, whether acupuncture can treat addiction and prevent readdiction through changes to brain cell ultrastructure remains unknown. In this study, cell apoptosis was observed in the hippocampus and frontal lobe of heroin readdicted rats by electron microscopy. Immunohistochemical staining displayed a reduction in Bcl-2 expression and an increase in Bax expression in the hippocampus and frontal lobe...
January 15, 2014: Neural Regeneration Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25187049/acupuncture-and-relaxation-response-for-craving-and-anxiety-reduction-among-military-veterans-in-recovery-from-substance-use-disorder
#18
RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED TRIAL
Bei-Hung Chang, Elizabeth Sommers
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Substance use disorder (SUD) is a major health issue, especially among military veterans. We previously reported the effects of auricular acupuncture and the relaxation response (RR) on reducing craving and anxiety following 10-week interventions among veterans who were in recovery from SUDs. Our current analysis examines effects following each intervention session and RR daily practice. METHODS: We conducted a three-arm randomized controlled trial on residents of a homeless veteran rehabilitation program...
March 2014: American Journal on Addictions
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25123543/adverse-event-reporting-in-nonpharmacologic-noninterventional-pain-clinical-trials-acttion-systematic-review
#19
REVIEW
Matthew Hunsinger, Shannon M Smith, Daniel Rothstein, Andrew McKeown, Melissa Parkhurst, Sharon Hertz, Nathaniel P Katz, Allison H Lin, Michael P McDermott, Bob A Rappaport, Dennis C Turk, Robert H Dworkin
Assessment of treatment safety is 1 of the primary goals of clinical trials. Organizations and working groups have created reporting guidelines for adverse events (AEs). Previous research examining AE reporting for pharmacologic clinical trials of analgesics in major pain journals found many reporting inadequacies, suggesting that analgesic trials are not adhering to existing AE reporting guidelines. The present systematic review documented AE reporting in 3 main pain journals for nonpharmacologic, noninterventional (NP/NI) trials examining pain treatments...
November 2014: Pain
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/24871652/clinical-efficacy-of-acupuncture-as-an-adjunct-to-methadone-treatment-services-for-heroin-addicts-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#20
RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED TRIAL
Yuan-Yu Chan, Wan-Yu Lo, Tsai-Chung Li, Lih-Jong Shen, Szu-Nian Yang, Yi-Hung Chen, Jaung-Geng Lin
Scant scientific evidence supports the efficacy of acupuncture in the treatment of opiate dependence. The purpose of this study was to examine the effectiveness of acupuncture for heroin addicts on methadone maintenance by measuring the daily consumption of methadone, variations in the 36-item Short Form Health Survey-36 (SF-36) and Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index (PSQI) scores, and heroin craving. Sixty heroin addicts were randomly assigned to true acupuncture (electroacupuncture at the Hegu [LI4] and Zusanli [ST36] acupoints, as well as acupuncture at the Ear Shenmen) or sham acupuncture (minimal acupuncture at the Hegu and Zusanli acupoints without electrical stimulation and superficial acupuncture at the Ear Shenmen), twice weekly for 4 weeks...
2014: American Journal of Chinese Medicine
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