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Acupuncture and Addiction

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29414848/nada-protocol-for-behavioral-health-putting-tools-in-the-hands-of-behavioral-health-providers-the-case-for-auricular-detoxification-specialists
#1
Elizabeth B Stuyt, Claudia A Voyles, Sara Bursac
Background: The National Acupuncture Detoxification Association (NADA) protocol, a simple standardized auricular treatment has the potential to provide vast public health relief on issues currently challenging our world. This includes but is not limited to addiction, such as the opioid epidemic, but also encompasses mental health, trauma, PTSD, chronic stress, and the symptoms associated with these conditions. Simple accessible tools that improve outcomes can make profound differences. We assert that the NADA protocol can have greatest impact when broadly applied by behavioral health professionals, Auricular Detoxification Specialists (ADSes)...
February 7, 2018: Medicines (Basel, Switzerland)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29223953/potential-role-for-acupuncture-in-the-treatment-of-food-addiction-and-obesity
#2
Jason Aaron Chen, Justin Albert Chen, Sanghoon Lee, Gerard Mullin
Addressing the global obesity epidemic requires innovative approaches that are also acceptable to affected individuals. There is growing evidence suggesting that food addiction, one contributor to obesity, bears many similarities to drug and alcohol addiction, presenting a potential role for addiction-focused acupuncture as a novel treatment modality. In this perspective article, we begin by briefly reviewing the evidence linking food and drug/alcohol addiction. We then describe the development of an acupuncture-based protocol for treating opioid addiction in Hong Kong in the 1970s and discuss the evidence base for acupuncture's efficacy in treating a range of substance use disorders...
December 9, 2017: Acupuncture in Medicine: Journal of the British Medical Acupuncture Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29189365/using-integrative-medicine-in-pain-management-an-evaluation-of-current-evidence
#3
REVIEW
Yuan-Chi Lin, Limeng Wan, Robert N Jamison
Complementary medicine therapies are frequently used to treat pain conditions such as headaches and neck, back, and joint pain. Chronic pain, described as pain lasting longer than 3-6 months, can be a debilitating condition that has a significant socioeconomic impact. Pharmacologic approaches are often used for alleviating chronic pain, but recently there has been a reluctance to prescribe opioids for chronic noncancer pain because of concerns about tolerance, dependence, and addiction. As a result, there has been increased interest in integrative medicine strategies to help manage pain and to reduce reliance on prescription opioids to manage pain...
December 2017: Anesthesia and Analgesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29103410/acupuncture-s-role-in-solving-the-opioid-epidemic-evidence-cost-effectiveness-and-care-availability-for-acupuncture-as-a-primary-non-pharmacologic-method-for-pain-relief-and-management-white-paper-2017
#4
Arthur Yin Fan, David W Miller, Bonnie Bolash, Matthew Bauer, John McDonald, Sarah Faggert, Hongjian He, Yong Ming Li, Amy Matecki, Lindy Camardella, Mel Hopper Koppelman, Jennifer A M Stone, Lindsay Meade, John Pang
The United States (U.S.) is facing a national opioid epidemic, and medical systems are in need of non-pharmacologic strategies that can be employed to decrease the public's opioid dependence. Acupuncture has emerged as a powerful, evidence-based, safe, cost-effective, and available treatment modality suitable to meeting this need. Acupuncture has been shown to be effective for the management of numerous types of pain conditions, and mechanisms of action for acupuncture have been described and are understandable from biomedical, physiologic perspectives...
November 2017: Journal of Integrative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29098676/physical-therapy
#5
Li-Jun Xiao, Ran Tao
Physical therapy has the evidence-based science knowledge to address a wide range of physical and psychological problems of addiction. Neuromodulation techniques are becoming more and more important in the treatment of addiction. Here, the efficacy of different neuromodulation techniques in addiction, such as transcranial direct current stimulation (tDCS), repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation (rTMS), deep brain stimulation (DBS), is critically evaluated. Other physical therapy methods including Biofeedback, Physical Activity and Acupuncture are also presented...
2017: Advances in Experimental Medicine and Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28988103/opioid-tapering-in-patients-with-prescription-opioid-use-disorder-a-retrospective-study
#6
Kehua Zhou, Peng Jia, Swati Bhargava, Yong Zhang, Taslima Reza, Yuan Bo Peng, Gary G Wang
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Opioid use disorder (OUD) refers to a maladaptive pattern of opioid use leading to clinically significant impairment or distress. OUD causes, and vice versa, misuses and abuse of opioid medications. Clinicians face daily challenges to treat patients with prescription opioid use disorder. An evidence-based management for people who are already addicted to opioids has been identified as the national priority in the US; however, options are limited in clinical practices...
October 4, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Pain
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28965933/electroacupuncture-suppresses-morphine-reward-seeking-behavior-lateral-hypothalamic-orexin-neurons-implicated
#7
Xueqi Wang, Boyuan Zhang, Longzao Zhang, Sheng Liu
The orexin system specifically located in the lateral hypothalamus (LH) has been shown to play a unique role in reward seeking, drug relapse, and addiction. In this study, we investigated the effects of electroacupuncture (EA) on morphine conditioned place preference (CPP), reinstatement of extinguished CPP, and the expression of orexin in the LH. A two-chamber CPP model was used to measure the rewarding properties of morphine. 2Hz EA at points BL23 and ST36 was carried out for 30min daily before morphine injection on three conditioning days...
November 20, 2017: Neuroscience Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28861803/electro-acupuncture-treatment-for-internet-addiction-evidence-of-normalization-of-impulse-control-disorder-in-adolescents
#8
Yang Yang, Hui Li, Xi-Xi Chen, Luo-Ming Zhang, Bing-Jie Huang, Tian-Min Zhu
OBJECTIVE: To observe the impacts of electro-acupuncture (EA) and psychological intervention (PI) on impulsive behavior among internet addiction (IA) adolescents. METHODS: Thirty-two IA adolescents were allocated to either EA (16 cases) or PI (16 cases) group by a randomized digital table. Subjects in the EA group received EA treatment and subjects in the PI group received cognition and behavior therapy. All adolescents underwent 45-d intervention. Sixteen healthy volunteers were recruited into a control group...
November 2017: Chinese Journal of Integrative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28638432/mechanical-stimulation-of-the-ht7-acupuncture-point-to-reduce-ethanol-self-administration-in-rats
#9
Suk-Yun Kang, O Sang Kwon, Ji-Young Moon, Seong Jin Cho, Kwang-Ho Choi, Junbeom Kim, Seong-Hun Ahn, Yeonhee Ryu
BACKGROUND: Alcoholism, which is a disabling addiction disorder, is a major public health problem worldwide. The present study was designed to determine whether the application of acupuncture at the Shenmen (HT7) point suppresses voluntary alcohol consumption in addicted rats and whether this suppressive effect is potentiated by the administration of naltrexone. METHODS: Rats were initially trained to self-administer a sucrose solution by operating a lever. A mechanical acupuncture instrument (MAI) for objective mechanical stimulation was used on rats whose baseline response had been determined...
2017: Evidence-based Complementary and Alternative Medicine: ECAM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28546432/regulation-of-the-endoplasmic-reticulum-stress-response-and-neuroprotective-effects-of-acupuncture-on-brain-injury-caused-by-heroin-addiction
#10
Yong-Long Gao, Yang Zhang, Jiang-Peng Cao, Sheng-Bing Wu, Xing-Hui Cai, Yan-Chun Zhang, Rong-Jun Zhang, Xiao-Ge Song, Li-Da Zhang
OBJECTIVES: To evaluate regulation of the endoplasmic reticulum stress (ERS) response by acupuncture and to investigate its neuroprotective effect on brain injury caused by heroin addiction. METHODS: A total of 48 male Sprague-Dawley rats were randomly divided into a healthy control group (Control), an untreated heroin exposed group (Heroin) and a heroin exposed group receiving electroacupuncture (EA) treatment at GV14 and GV20 (Heroin+acupuncture) with n=16 rats per group...
May 25, 2017: Acupuncture in Medicine: Journal of the British Medical Acupuncture Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28438745/management-of-chronic-pain-using-complementary-and-integrative-medicine
#11
REVIEW
Lucy Chen, Andreas Michalsen
Complementary and integrative medicine (CIM) encompasses both Western-style medicine and complementary health approaches as a new combined approach to treat a variety of clinical conditions. Chronic pain is the leading indication for use of CIM, and about 33% of adults and 12% of children in the US have used it in this context. Although advances have been made in treatments for chronic pain, it remains inadequately controlled for many people. Adverse effects and complications of analgesic drugs, such as addiction, kidney failure, and gastrointestinal bleeding, also limit their use...
April 24, 2017: BMJ: British Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28400844/effects-of-electroacupuncture-on-methamphetamine-induced-behavioral-changes-in-mice
#12
Tsung-Jung Ho, Chiang-Wen Lee, Zi-Yun Lu, Hsien-Yuan Lane, Ming-Horng Tsai, Ing-Kang Ho, Chieh-Liang Huang, Yao-Chang Chiang
Methamphetamine (METH) is a major drug of abuse worldwide, and no efficient therapeutic strategies for treating METH addiction are currently available. Continuous METH use can cause behavioral upregulation or psychosis. The dopaminergic pathways, particularly the neural circuitry from the ventral tegmental area to the nucleus accumbens (NAc), have a critical role in this behavioral stage. Acupuncture has been used for treating diseases in China for more than 2000 years. According to a World Health Organization report, acupuncture can be used to treat several functional disorders, including substance abuse...
2017: Evidence-based Complementary and Alternative Medicine: ECAM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28271626/acupuncture-reduces-relapse-to-cocaine-seeking-behavior-via-activation-of-gaba-neurons-in-the-ventral-tegmental-area
#13
Wyju Jin, Min Sun Kim, Eun Young Jang, Jun Yeon Lee, Jin Gyeom Lee, Hong Yu Kim, Seong Shoon Yoon, Bong Hyo Lee, Suchan Chang, Jae Hyo Kim, Kwang H Choi, Ho Koo, Young Seob Gwak, Scott C Steffensen, Yeon-Hee Ryu, Hee Young Kim, Chae Ha Yang
There is growing public interest in alternative approaches to addiction treatment and scientific interest in elucidating the neurobiological underpinnings of acupuncture. Our previous studies showed that acupuncture at a specific Shenmen (HT7) points reduced dopamine (DA) release in the nucleus accumbens (NAc) induced by drugs of abuse. The present study was carried out to evaluate the effects of HT7 acupuncture on γ-aminobutyric acid (GABA) neuronal activity in the ventral tegmental area (VTA) and the reinstatement of cocaine-seeking behavior...
March 7, 2017: Addiction Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28051842/the-use-of-auricular-acupuncture-in-opioid-use-disorder-a-systematic-literature-review
#14
REVIEW
Tanya E Baker, Grace Chang
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Opioid use disorder (OUD) is a chronic disease with significant personal, societal, and public health consequences. Even for the minority who receive the most effective evidence-based treatments, morbidity, and mortality remain significant. These facts, along with the recovery movement calling for individualized, holistic, culturally sensitive care, have led to the exploration of adjunctive interventions including acupuncture. Despite hundreds of international trials, however, there is a lack of consensus regarding its efficacy in OUD due in large part to methodological issues of trials to date...
December 2016: American Journal on Addictions
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27935777/acupuncture-and-chronic-pain-management
#15
Ladan Eshkevari
According to National Institute of Health Pathways to Prevention Workshop (2014), chronic pain affects an estimated 100 million Americans, with approximately 25 million people experiencing moderate to severe chronic pain, which negatively impacts their ability to function leading to a diminished quality of life. Pain is the primary reason Americans are on disability, which adds to the economic and social burden of suffering for the nation. Chronic pain costs are estimated to be between 560 and 630 billion per year...
January 2017: Annual Review of Nursing Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27618609/why-acupuncture-in-pain-treatment
#16
REVIEW
Alena Ondrejkovicova, Gabriel Petrovics, Katarína Svitkova, Bibiana Bajtekova, Ondrej Bangha
Acupuncture is one of the branches of Chinese Traditional Medicine dating back almost 5 000 years. The expansion of China's trade and business relations with other Asian countries brought about the spreading of acupuncture in 7th Century. Nowadays, acupuncture is an interdisciplinary clinical field of Medicine dealing with treatment, diagnostics and prevention of mainly functional disorders, algic, allergic and addictive conditions of various etiology, localization and intensity. It draws from the millennia of experience of Oriental Medicine as well as contemporary knowledge of morphology, physiology and neurophysiology...
July 2016: Neuro Endocrinology Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27451854/auricular-acupuncture-for-substance-use-a-randomized-controlled-trial-of-effects-on-anxiety-sleep-drug-use-and-use-of-addiction-treatment-services
#17
RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED TRIAL
Rickard Ahlberg, Kurt Skårberg, Ole Brus, Lars Kjellin
BACKGROUND: A common alternative treatment for substance abuse is auricular acupuncture. The aim of the study was to evaluate the short and long-term effect of auricular acupuncture on anxiety, sleep, drug use and addiction treatment utilization in adults with substance abuse. METHOD: Of the patients included, 280 adults with substance abuse and psychiatric comorbidity, 80 were randomly assigned to auricular acupuncture according to the NADA protocol, 80 to auricular acupuncture according to a local protocol (LP), and 120 to relaxation (controls)...
July 25, 2016: Substance Abuse Treatment, Prevention, and Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27377488/acupuncture-for-detoxification-in-treatment-of-opioid-addiction
#18
REVIEW
S Ly Wu, A Wn Leung, D Tw Yew
Opioid is a popular drug of abuse and addiction. We evaluated acupuncture as a non-pharmacological treatment with a focus on managing withdrawal symptoms. Electrical stimulation at a low frequency (2 Hz) accelerates endorphin and encephalin production. High-frequency stimulation (100 Hz) up-regulates the dynorphin level that in turn suppresses withdrawal at the spinal level. The effect of 100-Hz electroacupuncture may be associated with brain-derived neurotrophic factor activation at the ventral tegmental area, down-regulation of cAMP response element-binding protein, and enhanced dynorphin synthesis in the spinal cord, periaqueductal grey, and hypothalamus...
June 2016: East Asian Archives of Psychiatry: Official Journal of the Hong Kong College of Psychiatrists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27181124/hazards-of-insomnia-and-the-effects-of-acupuncture-treatment-on-insomnia
#19
REVIEW
Yu-fang Lin, Zhi-dan Liu, Wen Ma, Wei-dong Shen
Insomnia is a common disease in modern society; it is made worse by increasingly fierce competition in the workplace and elsewhere, along with rapid economic and social development. Sleep disorders can result in changes in serum biomarkers and decreased immunity, and may cause maladies such as depression and cardiac diseases, as well as many other somatic symptoms. Western medications for treating insomnia can easily lead to addiction and other adverse effects. Fortunately, acupuncture can ease the symptoms of insomnia...
May 2016: Journal of Integrative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27053944/acupuncture-therapy-for-drug-addiction
#20
Farid Esmaeili Motlagh, Fatimah Ibrahim, Rusdi Abd Rashid, Tahereh Seghatoleslam, Hussain Habil
Acupuncture therapy has been used to treat substance abuse. This study aims to review experimental studies examining the effects of acupuncture on addiction. Research and review articles on acupuncture treatment of substance abuse published between January 2000 and September 2014 were searched using the databases ISI Web of Science Core Collection and EBSCO's MEDLINE Complete. Clinical trial studies on the efficacy of acupuncture therapy for substance abuse were classified according to substance (cocaine, opioid, nicotine, and alcohol), and their treatment protocols, assessments, and findings were examined...
2016: Chinese Medicine
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