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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28811486/detecting-human-melanoma-cell-re-differentiation-following-braf-or-heat-shock-protein-90-inhibition-using-photoacoustic-and-magnetic-resonance-imaging
#1
Anant Shah, Teresa Delgado-Goni, Teresa Casals Galobart, Slawomir Wantuch, Yann Jamin, Martin O Leach, Simon P Robinson, Jeffrey Bamber, Mounia Beloueche-Babari
Targeted therapies specific to the BRAF-MEK-ERK signaling pathway have shown great promise in the treatment of malignant melanoma in the last few years, with these drugs now commonly used in clinic. Melanoma cells treated using these agents are known to exhibit increased levels of melanin pigment and tyrosinase activity. In this study we assessed the potential of non-invasive imaging approaches (photoacoustic imaging (PAI) and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI)) to detect melanin induction in SKMEL28 human melanoma cells, following inhibition of Hsp90 and BRAF signaling using 17-AAG and vemurafenib, respectively...
August 15, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28810287/seeding-density-is-a-crucial-determinant-for-the-in-vivo-vascularisation-capacity-of-adipose-tissue-derived-microvascular-fragments
#2
T Später, C Körbel, F S Frueh, R M Nickels, M D Menger, M W Laschke
Adipose tissue-derived microvascular fragments (ad-MVF) represent effective vascularisation units for the seeding of dermal substitutes. However, particularly in case of extensive skin defects, the required amounts of donor fat tissue for the harvesting of ad-MVF may not always be available. Therefore, we herein determined the lowest ad-MVF density needed to induce a sufficient vascularisation and incorporation of seeded implants. Collagen-glycosaminoglycan matrices (Integra®; diameter: 4 mm) were seeded with 15,000 (HD), 10,000 (MD) and 5,000 (LD) ad-MVF and implanted into full-thickness skin defects within mouse dorsal skinfold chambers, to analyse their in vivo vascularisation and incorporation...
August 15, 2017: European Cells & Materials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28809083/laser-induced-focused-ultrasound-for-cavitation-treatment-toward-high-precision-invisible-sonic-scalpel
#3
Taehwa Lee, Wei Luo, Qiaochu Li, Hakan Demirci, L Jay Guo
Beyond the implementation of the photoacoustic effect to photoacoustic imaging and laser ultrasonics, this study demonstrates a novel application of the photoacoustic effect for high-precision cavitation treatment of tissue using laser-induced focused ultrasound. The focused ultrasound is generated by pulsed optical excitation of an efficient photoacoustic film coated on a concave surface, and its amplitude is high enough to produce controllable microcavitation within the focal region (lateral focus <100 µm)...
August 15, 2017: Small
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28805887/characterizing-ammonia-emissions-from-horses-fed-different-crude-protein-concentrations
#4
J Weir, H Li, L K Warren, E Macon, C Wickens
Evaluating impact of animal agriculture on air quality has been the focus of recent research. Ammonia (NH) volatilization occurs when undigested protein in feces and urea in urine is broken down by bacteria and enzymes. Information regarding NH emission from equine facilities is limited, and effects of CP intake on NH emissions have not been investigated. Nine mature geldings were used in a 3 × 3 replicated Latin square design study to determine effects of dietary CP on potential NH losses from feces and urine...
August 2017: Journal of Animal Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28800434/enhanced-photothermal-therapy-of-biomimetic-polypyrrole-nanoparticles-through-improving-blood-flow-perfusion
#5
Xuejun Wang, Haichun Li, Xianping Liu, Ye Tian, Huishu Guo, Ting Jiang, Zimiao Luo, Kai Jin, Xinping Kuai, Yao Liu, Zhiqing Pang, Wuli Yang, Shun Shen
In this study, we reported a strategy to improve delivery efficiency of a long-circulation biomimetic photothermal nanoagent for enhanced photothermal therapy through selectively dilating tumor vasculature. By using a simply nanocoating technology, a biomimetic layer of natural red blood cell (RBC) membranes was camouflaged on the surface of photothermal polypyrrole nanoparticles (PPy@RBC NPs). The erythrocyte-mimicking PPy NPs inherited the immune evasion ability from natural RBC resulting in superior prolonged blood retention time...
August 5, 2017: Biomaterials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28794990/photoacoustic-based-so2-estimation-through-excised-bovine-prostate-tissue-with-interstitial-light-delivery
#6
Trevor Mitcham, Houra Taghavi, James Long, Cayla Wood, David Fuentes, Wolfgang Stefan, John Ward, Richard Bouchard
Photoacoustic (PA) imaging is capable of probing blood oxygen saturation (sO2), which has been shown to correlate with tissue hypoxia, a promising cancer biomarker. However, wavelength-dependent local fluence changes can compromise sO2 estimation accuracy in tissue. This work investigates using PA imaging with interstitial irradiation and local fluence correction to assess precision and accuracy of sO2 estimation of blood samples through ex vivo bovine prostate tissue ranging from 14% to 100% sO2. Study results for bovine blood samples at distances up to 20 mm from the irradiation source show that local fluence correction improved average sO2 estimation error from 16...
September 2017: Photoacoustics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28791328/a-feasibility-study-of-photoacoustic-imaging-of-ex-vivo-endoscopic-mucosal-resection-tissues-from-barrett-s-esophagus-patients
#7
Liang Lim, Catherine J Streutker, Norman Marcon, Maria Cirocco, Alexandra Lao, Vladimir V Iakovlev, Ralph DaCosta, Brian C Wilson
BACKGROUND AND STUDY AIMS : Accurate endoscopic detection of dysplasia in patients with Barrett's esophagus (BE) remains a major clinical challenge. The current standard is to take multiple biopsies under endoscopic image guidance, but this leaves the majority of the tissue unsampled, leading to significant risk of missing dysplasia. Furthermore, determining whether there is submucosal invasion is essential for proper staging. Hence, there is a clinical need for a rapid in vivo wide-field imaging method to identify dysplasia in BE, with the capability of imaging beyond the mucosal layer...
August 2017: Endoscopy International Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28782092/hard-tissue-debris-removal-from-the-mesial-root-canal-system-of-mandibular-molars-with-ultrasonically-and-laser-activated-irrigation-a-micro-computed-tomography-study
#8
J Verstraeten, W Jacquet, R J G De Moor, M A Meire
This study is to investigate the efficacy of different irrigant activation techniques on removal of accumulated hard tissue debris (AHTD) in mesial roots of human mandibular molars. Extracted human mandibular molars with an isthmus between the mesial root canals were selected based on micro-CT (μCT) scans. The mesial canals were instrumented to an apical diameter ISO30 using ProTaper rotary files. Teeth were randomly assigned to three irrigant activation groups (n = 10): ultrasonically activated irrigation (UAI) using a size 20 Irrisafe for 3 × 20 s, laser-activated irrigation (LAI) with an Er:YAG laser (2940 nm) and plain 300 μm fiber tip inside the canal (20 mJ, 20 Hz, 3 × 20 s), and laser-activated irrigation with identical parameters with a 400 μm photon-induced photoacoustic streaming (PIPS) tip held at the canal entrance...
August 7, 2017: Lasers in Medical Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28764524/time-domain-brillouin-scattering-for-the-determination-of-laser-induced-temperature-gradients-in-liquids
#9
Ievgeniia Chaban, Hyun D Shin, Christoph Klieber, Rémi Busselez, Vitalyi E Gusev, Keith A Nelson, Thomas Pezeril
We present an optical technique based on ultrafast photoacoustics to determine the local temperature distribution profile in liquid samples in contact with a laser heated optical transducer. This ultrafast pump-probe experiment uses time-domain Brillouin scattering (TDBS) to locally determine the light scattering frequency shift. As the temperature influences the Brillouin scattering frequency, the TDBS signal probes the local laser-induced temperature distribution in the liquid. We demonstrate the relevance and the sensitivity of this technique for the measurement of the absolute laser-induced temperature gradient of a glass forming liquid prototype, glycerol, at different laser pump powers-i...
July 2017: Review of Scientific Instruments
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28759195/photoacoustic-imaging-of-human-mesenchymal-stem-cells-labeled-with-prussian-blue-poly-l-lysine-nanocomplexes
#10
Taeho Kim, Jeanne E Lemaster, Fang Chen, Jin Li, Jesse V Jokerst
Acoustic imaging is affordable and accessible without ionizing radiation. Photoacoustic imaging increases the contrast of traditional ultrasound and can offer good spatial resolution when used at high frequencies with excellent temporal resolution. Prussian blue nanoparticles (PBNPs) are an emerging photoacoustic contrast agent with strong optical absorption in the near-infrared region. In this study, we developed a simple and efficient method to label human mesenchymal stem cells (hMSCs) with PBNPs and imaged them with photoacoustic imaging...
August 4, 2017: ACS Nano
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28758963/a-miniaturized-qepas-trace-gas-sensor-with-a-3d-printed-acoustic-detection-module
#11
Xiaotao Yang, Youhong Xiao, Yufei Ma, Ying He, Frank K Tittel
A 3D printing technique was introduced to a quartz-enhanced photoacoustic spectroscopy (QEPAS) sensor and is reported for the first time. The acoustic detection module (ADM) was designed and fabricated using the 3D printing technique and the ADM volume was compressed significantly. Furthermore, a small grin lens was used for laser focusing and facilitated the beam adjustment in the 3D-printed ADM. A quartz tuning fork (QTF) with a low resonance frequency of 30.72 kHz was used as the acoustic wave transducer and acetylene (C₂H₂) was chosen as the analyte...
July 31, 2017: Sensors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28756961/efficacy-of-photon-induced-photoacoustic-streaming-in-the-reduction-of-enterococcus-faecalis-within-the-root-canal-different-settings-and-different-sodium-hypochlorite-concentrations
#12
Barbara Skrlj Golob, Giovanni Olivi, Mirijam Vrabec, Rita El Feghali, Steven Parker, Stefano Benedicenti
INTRODUCTION: The purpose of this study was to determine the effectiveness of laser-activated irrigation by photon-induced photoacoustic streaming (PIPS) in the reduction of Enterococcus faecalis in root canal disinfection, varying laser energy output, and sodium hypochlorite (NaOCl) concentration. For effective removal of the smear layer, the sequence and resting time of the final irrigation steps were modified compared with the standard PIPS protocol. METHODS: Eighty-six extracted single-rooted teeth were mechanically prepared, sterilized, and inoculated with E...
July 27, 2017: Journal of Endodontics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28756194/red-blood-cell-membrane-camouflaged-melanin-nanoparticles-for-enhanced-photothermal-therapy
#13
Qin Jiang, Zimiao Luo, Yongzhi Men, Peng Yang, Haibao Peng, Ranran Guo, Ye Tian, Zhiqing Pang, Wuli Yang
Photothermal therapy (PTT) has represented a promising noninvasive approach for cancer treatment in recent years. However, there still remain challenges in developing non-toxic and biodegradable biomaterials with high photothermal efficiency in vivo. Herein, we explored natural melanin nanoparticles extracted from living cuttlefish as effective photothermal agents and developed red blood cell (RBC) membrane-camouflaged melanin (Melanin@RBC) nanoparticles as a platform for in vivo antitumor PTT. The as-obtained natural melanin nanoparticles demonstrated strong absorption at NIR region, higher photothermal conversion efficiency (∼40%) than synthesized melanin-like polydopamine nanoparticles (∼29%), as well as favorable biocompatibility and biodegradability...
July 20, 2017: Biomaterials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28755860/dynamic-and-accurate-assessment-of-acetaminophen-induced-hepatotoxicity-by-integrated-photoacoustic-imaging-and-mechanistic-biomarkers-in-vivo
#14
Nathalie Brillant, Mohamed Elmasry, Neal C Burton, Josep Monne Rodriguez, Jack W Sharkey, Stephen Fenwick, Harish Poptani, Neil R Kitteringham, Christopher E Goldring, Anja Kipar, B Kevin Park, Daniel J Antoine
The prediction and understanding of acetaminophen (APAP)-induced liver injury (APAP-ILI) and the response to therapeutic interventions is complex. This is due in part to sensitivity and specificity limitations of currently used assessment techniques. Here we sought to determine the utility of integrating translational non-invasive photoacoustic imaging of liver function with mechanistic circulating biomarkers of hepatotoxicity with histological assessment to facilitate the more accurate and precise characterization of APAP-ILI and the efficacy of therapeutic intervention...
July 26, 2017: Toxicology and Applied Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28752217/non-invasive-monitoring-of-the-therapeutic-response-in-sorafenib-treated-hepatocellular-carcinoma-based-on-photoacoustic-imaging
#15
Seunghyun Lee, Jung Hoon Kim, Jae Hwan Lee, Jeong Hwa Lee, Joon Koo Han
PURPOSE: We investigated the changes of tissue oxygen saturation (sO2) in sorafenib-treated HCC (hepatocelluar carcinoma) mouse models using photoacoustic imaging (PI). MATERIALS AND METHODS: Nude mice, implanted with human HCC (HepG2-RFP) cells in the liver, were randomised to the sorafenib-treated group (n = 21) or the control group (n = 20). Tumour volume and sO2 were measured by PI at baseline and then one week later, and radiant efficiency (RE) and therapeutic response were analysed by fluorescence imaging and histologic analysis...
July 27, 2017: European Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28748623/photoacoustic-guided-surgery-with-indocyanine-green-coated-superparamagnetic-iron-oxide-nanoparticle-clusters
#16
Jayesh P Thawani, Ahmad Amirshaghaghi, Lesan Yan, Joel M Stein, Jessica Liu, Andrew Tsourkas
A common cause of local tumor recurrence in brain tumor surgery results from incomplete surgical resection. Adjunctive technologies meant to facilitate gross total resection have had limited efficacy to date. Contrast agents used to delineate tumors preoperatively cannot be easily or accurately used in the real-time operative setting. Although multimodal imaging contrast agents are developed to help the surgeon discern tumor from normal tissue in the operating room, these contrast agents are not readily translatable...
July 27, 2017: Small
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28748298/comparison-of-sodium-hypochlorite-extrusion-by-five-irrigation-systems-using-an-artificial-root-socket-model-and-a-quantitative-chemical-method
#17
Adham A Azim, Hacer Aksel, M Margaret Jefferson, George T-J Huang
OBJECTIVES: This is to compare the volumes of irrigant apically extruded by five irrigation systems in an artificial socket model simulating clinical conditions. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Twenty extracted human single-rooted teeth were enlarged to size 40/04 and then embedded in silicone impression material. The root canal space was irrigated with nominal 3% sodium hypochlorite (NaOCl) using standard needle irrigation (SNI) with a 30-gauge notched needle, EndoActivator (EA), XP Endo Finisher (XP Endo), EndoVac (EV), and photon-induced photoacoustic streaming (PIPS)...
July 26, 2017: Clinical Oral Investigations
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28746357/microbubble-based-enhancement-of-radiation-effect-role-of-cell-membrane-ceramide-metabolism
#18
Azza Al-Mahrouki, Anoja Giles, Amr Hashim, Hyunjung Christina Kim, Ahmad El-Falou, Dean Rowe-Magnus, Golnaz Farhat, Gregory J Czarnota
Ultrasound (US) stimulated microbubbles (MB) is a new treatment approach that sensitizes cancer cells to radiation (XRT). The molecular pathways in this response remain unelucidated, however, previous data has supported a role for cell membrane-metabolism related pathways including an up regulation of UDP glycosyltransferase 8 (UGT8), which catalyzes the transfer of galactose to ceramide, a lipid that is associated with the induction of apoptotic signalling. In this study, the role of UGT8 in responses of prostate tumours to ultrasound-stimulated microbubble radiation enhancement therapy is investigated...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28745411/a-hollow-structured-cus-cu2-s-au-nanohybrid-synergistically-enhanced-photothermal-efficiency-and-photoswitchable-targeting-effect-for-cancer-theranostics
#19
Xiaoran Deng, Kai Li, Xuechao Cai, Bin Liu, Yi Wei, Kerong Deng, Zhongxi Xie, Zhijian Wu, Ping'an Ma, Zhiyao Hou, Ziyong Cheng, Jun Lin
It is of great importance in drug delivery to fabricate multifunctional nanocarriers with intelligent targeting properties, for cancer diagnosis and therapy. Herein, hollow-structured CuS@Cu2 S@Au nanoshell/satellite nanoparticles are designed and synthesized for enhanced photothermal therapy and photoswitchable targeting theranostics. The remarkably improved photothermal conversion efficiency of CuS@Cu2 S@Au under 808 nm near-infrared (NIR) laser irradiation can be explained by the reduced bandgap and more circuit paths for electron transitions for CuS and Cu2 S modified with Au nanoparticles, as calculated by the Vienna ab initio simulation package, based on density functional theory...
July 26, 2017: Advanced Materials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28745385/multiview-hilbert-transformation-in-full-ring-transducer-array-based-photoacoustic-computed-tomography
#20
Lei Li, Liren Zhu, Yuecheng Shen, Lihong V Wang
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 1, 2017: Journal of Biomedical Optics
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