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Changshun Hou, Shiqing Chen, Mengqi Wang
Herein, novel self-assembled red-emissive C-dots@Au nanoflowers were developed, and they demonstrated efficient photothermal properties under 750 nm laser irradiation. Moreover, C-dots@Au nanoflowers showed the ability of simultaneous photoacoustic and fluorescence imaging. Our study may provide a novel strategy for the efficient phototherapy of cancer cells based on C-dots.
January 19, 2018: Dalton Transactions: An International Journal of Inorganic Chemistry
Yan Jiang, Roger Zemp
The metabolic rate of oxygen consumption is an important metric of tissue oxygen metabolism and is especially critical in the brain, yet few methods are available for measuring it. We use a custom combined photoacoustic-microultrasound system and demonstrate cerebral oxygen consumption estimation in vivo. In particular, the cerebral metabolic rate of oxygen consumption was estimated in a murine model during variation of inhaled oxygen from hypoxia to hyperoxia. The hypothesis of brain autoregulation was confirmed with our method even though oxygen saturation and flow in vessels changed...
January 2018: Journal of Biomedical Optics
Min Choi, A M James Shapiro, Roger Zemp
Tissue perfusion is essential for transporting blood oxygen and nutrients. Measurement of tissue perfusion rate would have a significant impact in clinical and preclinical arenas. However, there are few techniques to image this important parameter and they typically require contrast agents. A label-free methodology based on tissue compression and imaging with a high-frequency photoacoustic-ultrasound system is introduced for estimating and visualizing tissue perfusion rates. Experiments demonstrate statistically significant differences in depth-resolved perfusion rates in a human subject with various temperature exposure conditions...
January 2018: Journal of Biomedical Optics
Nuo Yu, Chen Peng, Zhaojie Wang, Zixiao Liu, Bo Zhu, Zhigao Yi, Meifang Zhu, Xiaogang Liu, Zhigang Chen
Ideal theranostic nanoagents should be "all-in-one" type nanocrystals that have a single-semiconductor component and all-required properties (such as imaging and photothermal effects), but most semiconductor nanocrystals do not have these required properties. With SnO2 as a model of a typical wide-band semiconductor, we report the tuning from UV-responsive SnO2 to blue SnO2 nanocrystals with imaging ability and a Sb-doping-dependent photothermal effect. Sb-Doped SnO2 nanocrystals were prepared by heating SbCl3 and SnCl4 in benzyl alcohol solution through a facile solvothermal route...
January 19, 2018: Nanoscale
Joo Yong Sim, Chang-Geun Ahn, Eun-Ju Jeong, Bong Kyu Kim
Photoacoustic spectroscopy has been shown to be a promising tool for non-invasive blood glucose monitoring. However, the repeatability of such a method is susceptible to changes in skin condition, which is dependent on hand washing and drying due to the high absorption of infrared excitation light to the skin secretion products or water. In this paper, we present a method to meet the challenges of mid-infrared photoacoustic spectroscopy for non-invasive glucose monitoring. By obtaining the microscopic spatial information of skin during the spectroscopy measurement, the skin region where the infrared spectra is insensitive to skin condition can be locally selected, which enables reliable prediction of the blood glucose level from the photoacoustic spectroscopy signals...
January 18, 2018: Scientific Reports
Qiufang Liu, Yuyi Qian, Panli Li, Sihang Zhang, Jianjun Liu, Xiaoguang Sun, Michael Fulham, Dagan Feng, Gang Huang, Wei Lu, Shaoli Song
Purpose: Transcatheter hepatic artery embolization therapy is a minimally invasive alternative for treating inoperable liver cancer but recurrence is frequent. Multifunctional agents, however, offer an opportunity for tumor eradication. In this study, we were aim to synthesized poly (lactic-co-glycolic acid) (PLGA) microspheres encapsulating hollow CuS nanoparticles (HCuSNPs) and paclitaxel (PTX) that were then labeled with radioiodine-131 (131I) to produce 131I-HCuSNPs-MS-PTX. This compound combines the multi-theranostic properties of chemotherapy, radiotherapy and photothermal therapy...
2018: Theranostics
Libo Zhou, Ying Jing, Yubin Liu, Zhihe Liu, Duyang Gao, Haobin Chen, Weiye Song, Tao Wang, Xiaofeng Fang, Weiping Qin, Zhen Yuan, Sheng Dai, Zhen-An Qiao, Changfeng Wu
Optical nanomaterials with intense absorption in near-infrared (NIR) region hold great promise for biomedical applications such as photothermal therapy (PTT) and photoacoustic imaging (PAI). In this work, we report mesoporous carbon nanospheres (Meso-CNs) with broadband and intense absorption in the UV-Vis-NIR region (300-1400 nm) and explore their potential as a multifunctional platform for photoacoustic imaging and chemo-photothermal therapy. Methods: Meso-CNs were prepared by a "silica-assisted" synthesis strategy and characterized by transmission electron microscope and optical spectroscopy...
2018: Theranostics
Sushanth Govinahallisathyanarayana, Bo Ning, Rui Cao, Song Hu, John A Hossack
Photoacoustic microscopy (PAM) capitalizes on the optical absorption of blood hemoglobin to enable label-free high-contrast imaging of the cerebral microvasculature in vivo. Although time-resolved ultrasonic detection equips PAM with depth-sectioning capability, most of the data at depths are often obscured by acoustic reverberant artifacts from superficial cortical layers and thus unusable. In this paper, we present a first-of-a-kind dictionary learning algorithm to remove the reverberant signal while preserving underlying microvascular anatomy...
January 17, 2018: Scientific Reports
Dmitry Bozhko, Angelos Karlas, Dimitris Gorpas, Vasilis Ntziachristos
Hybrid intravascular fluorescence-ultrasound imaging is emerging for reading anatomical and biological information in vivo. By operating through blood, intravascular near-infrared fluorescence (NIRF) detection is affected by hemoglobin attenuation. Improved quantification has been demonstrated with methods that correct for the attenuation of the optical signal as it propagates through blood. These methods assume an attenuation coefficient for blood and measure the distance between detector and the vessel wall by observing the intravascular ultrasound (IVUS) images...
January 17, 2018: Journal of Biophotonics
Kathyayini Sivasubramanian, Vijitha Periyasamy, Rhonnie Austria Dienzo, Manojit Pramanik
Urinary bladder imaging is critical to diagnose urinary tract disorders, and bladder cancer. There is a great need for safe, non-invasive, and sensitive imaging technique which enables bladder imaging. Photoacoustic imaging is a rapidly growing imaging technique for various biological applications. It can be combined with clinical ultrasound imaging system for hand-held, dual modal ultrasound-photoacoustic real-time imaging. Structural (bladder wall) and functional (accretion of nanoparticles) bladder imaging is shown here with combined ultrasound and photoacoustic imaging in rats...
January 17, 2018: Journal of Biophotonics
Y Matsumoto, Y Asao, A Yoshikawa, H Sekiguchi, M Takada, M Furu, S Saito, M Kataoka, H Abe, T Yagi, K Togashi, M Toi
We analysed the vascular morphology of the palm using a photoacoustic tomography (PAT) instrument with a hemispherical detector array. The three-dimensional (3D) morphology of blood vessels was determined noninvasively. Overall, 12 females and 11 males were recruited as healthy volunteers. Their ages were distributed almost evenly from 22 to 59 years. In all cases, many vascular networks were observed just beneath the skin and were determined to be veins anatomically. To analyse the major arteries, the layer containing the subcutaneous venous network was removed from the image...
January 15, 2018: Scientific Reports
Wen Gao, Yuhui Sun, Michelle Cai, Yujie Zhao, Wenhua Cao, Zhenhua Liu, Guanwei Cui, Bo Tang
Atherosclerosis is characterized by the accumulation of lipids within the arterial wall. Although activation of TRPV1 cation channels by capsaicin may reduce lipid storage and the formation of atherosclerotic lesions, a clinical use for capsaicin has been limited by its chronic toxicity. Here we show that coupling of copper sulfide (CuS) nanoparticles to antibodies targeting TRPV1 act as a photothermal switch for TRPV1 signaling in vascular smooth muscle cells (VSMCs) using near-infrared light. Upon irradiation, local increases of temperature open thermo-sensitive TRPV1 channels and cause Ca2+ influx...
January 15, 2018: Nature Communications
Zhao-Hua Miao, Kai Li, Pei-Ying Liu, Zhenglin Li, Huanjie Yang, Qingliang Zhao, Manli Chang, Qingzhu Yang, Liang Zhen, Cheng-Yan Xu
Humic acids, a major constituent of natural organic carbon resources, are naturally formed through the microbial biodegradation of animal and plant residues. Due to numerous physiologically active groups (phenol, carboxyl, and quinone), the biomedical applications of humic acid have been already investigated across different cultures for several centuries or even longer. In this work, sodium humate, the sodium salt of humic acid, is explored as phototheranostic agent for light-induced photoacoustic imaging and photothermal therapy based on intrinsic absorption in the near-infrared region...
January 15, 2018: Advanced Healthcare Materials
Jiali Pan, Xufeng Zhu, Xu Chen, Yingyu Zhao, Jie Liu
Recently, two dimensional transition metal dichalcogenides (TMDCs) being used as nanomedicine have aroused great interest because of their unique photothermal properties. A simple liquid-phase method was used to prepare gadolinium (Gd3+)-doped molybdenum selenide (MoSe2) nanosheets, and then using poly(ethylene glycol) (PEG) modification on the surface, MoSe2(Gd3+)-PEG nanosheets were obtained which had high stability in physiological solutions and showed no obvious toxicity in vivo. It revealed that Gd3+ used as a paramagnetic material for MoSe2(Gd3+)-PEG provided a strong contrast effect in magnetic resonance imaging, furthermore, the MoSe2 showed strong absorption in the near infrared region, and therefore, MoSe2(Gd3+)-PEG could be used as contrast agent for photoacoustic imaging (PAI)...
January 15, 2018: Biomaterials Science
Min Qian, Yilin Du, Shanshan Wang, Chengyi Li, Huiling Jiang, Wei Shi, Jian Chen, Yi Wang, Ernst Wagner, Rongqin Huang
Imaging-guided site-specific photothermal therapy (PTT) of glioma and other tumors in central nervous system (CNS) presents a great challenge for the current nanomaterial design. Herein, an in-situ solid-state transformation method was developed for the preparation of multicolor highly crystalline carbon nanodots (HCCDs). The synthesis yields 6-8 nm sized HCCDs containing a highly crystalline carbon nanocore and a hydrophilic surface, which therefore simultaneously provide strong photoacoustic and photothermal performance as well as tunable fluorescence emission...
January 12, 2018: ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces
Kevan Bell, Parsin Hajireza, Roger Zemp
Modeling and observations of large scattering cross-sectional modulations in absorbing optical scatterers due to a pulsed laser excitation are reported. Rapid laser-induced thermo-elastic expansion produces nontrivial perturbations to the local refractive indices. This mechanism forms the basis of a recent non-contact photoacoustic technique known as photoacoustic remote sensing microscopy. A time-evolution model is constructed and discussed, comparing it with existing planar models, time-independent models, and experiments...
January 1, 2018: Optics Letters
Ning Liu, Sihua Yang, Da Xing
We have developed a dual-modality endoscope composed of photoacoustic (PA) and hyperspectral imaging, capable of visualizing both structural and functional properties of bio-tissue. The endoscope's composition and scanning mechanism was described, and the feasibility of the dual-modality endoscope was verified by mimic phantom experiments. Lately, we demonstrated its endoscopic workability through in vivo experiments. The experimental results showed that the proposed herein hybrid endoscope can provide optical imaging of the surface and tomography imaging for the deeper features, and a functional oxygen saturation rate map of the same imaging area...
January 1, 2018: Optics Letters
Nejc Lukač, Matija Jezeršek
When attempting to clean surfaces of dental root canals with laser-induced cavitation bubbles, the resulting cavitation oscillations are significantly prolonged due to friction on the cavity walls and other factors. Consequently, the collapses are less intense and the shock waves that are usually emitted following a bubble's collapse are diminished or not present at all. A new technique of synchronized laser-pulse delivery intended to enhance the emission of shock waves from collapsed bubbles in fluid-filled endodontic canals is reported...
January 11, 2018: Lasers in Medical Science
Subramaniyan Bharathiraja, Nhat Quang Bui, Panchanathan Manivasagan, Madhappan Santha Moorthy, Sudip Mondal, Hansu Seo, Nguyen Thanh Phuoc, Thi Tuong Vy Phan, Hyehyun Kim, Kang Dae Lee, Junghwan Oh
Palladium, a near-infrared plasmonic material has been recognized for its use in photothermal therapy as an alternative to gold nanomaterials. However, its potential application has not been explored well in biomedical applications. In the present study, palladium nanoparticles were synthesized and the surface of the particles was successfully modified with chitosan oligosaccharide (COS), which improved the biocompatibility of the particles. More importantly, the particles were functionalized with RGD peptide, which improves particle accumulation in MDA-MB-231 breast cancer cells and results in enhanced photothermal therapeutic effects under an 808-nm laser...
January 11, 2018: Scientific Reports
Chao Yin, Yufu Tang, Xiaozhen Li, Zhen Yang, Jie Li, Xiang Li, Wei Huang, Quli Fan
As one of the reduction species, glutathione (GSH) plays a tremendous role in regulating the homeostasis of redox state in living body. Accurate imaging of GSH in vivo is highly desired to provide a real-time visualization of physiological and pathological conditions while it is still a big challenge. Recently developed photoacoustic imaging (PAI) with high resolution and deep penetration characteristics is more promising for in vivo GSH detection. However, its application is dramatically limited by the difficult designation of photoacoustic probes with changeable near-infrared (NIR)-absorption under reductive activation...
January 10, 2018: Small
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