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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29040185/sarcopenia-is-an-important-prognostic-factor-in-patients-with-cervical-cancer-undergoing-concurrent-chemoradiotherapy
#1
Takanori Kiyotoki, Keiichiro Nakamura, Junko Haraga, Chiaki Omichi, Naoyuki Ida, Masayuki Saijo, Takeshi Nishida, Tomoyuki Kusumoto, Hisashi Masuyama
OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to investigate the correlation of sarcopenia findings with prognostic factors in patients with cervical cancer (CC) undergoing concurrent chemoradiotherapy (CCRT). METHODS: We retrospectively collected data on body composition and clinicopathological features from the medical records of 60 patients with CC who underwent CCRT and analyzed correlations between prognosis and changes in body composition as measured by computed tomography (skeletal muscle and iliopsoas muscle [IM])...
October 17, 2017: International Journal of Gynecological Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28985254/spontaneous-iliopsoas-tendon-rupture-a-rare-cause-of-hip-pain-in-an-older-person
#2
Naomi Davey, Josephine Soh, Eric Heffernan, Diarmuid O'Shea
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 22, 2017: Age and Ageing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28971177/ultrasound-therapy-in-iliopsoas-hematoma
#3
Basak Bilir Kaya, Afitap Icagasioglu
Warfarin is a commonly used anticoagulant agent that can have life-threatening complications, such as severe bleeding, which then require cessation of the treatment. Due to the widespread use of this therapy in recent years, incidences of its hemorrhagic complications have also increased significantly. In hemodynamically stable patients, it is possible to adopt conservative treatment strategies, such as ultrasound (US) therapy as an alternative. US is a physical therapy modality widely used in musculoskeletal disorders, but there is little evidence about its effectiveness for hemorrhagic complications because of the limited number of studies on this subject at present...
2017: Northern Clinics of Istanbul
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28967338/lumbar-spine-osteomyelitis-in-an-adolescent-girl-with-nonspecific-low-back-pain
#4
Christopher M Wall, Mark V Paterno, Peter F Sturm
A 13-year-old adolescent girl presented to the emergency department with low back pain of acute onset after bending forward. Lumbar spine radiographs were taken and found to be unremarkable, and the patient was referred to physical therapy. Following examination, the patient was referred to her physician for a suspected nonmechanical cause. Magnetic resonance imaging assessment revealed L3-4 discitis, with osteomyelitis extending into the adjacent right iliopsoas muscle. Further testing and bone biopsy confirmed osteomyelitis...
October 2017: Journal of Orthopaedic and Sports Physical Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28951648/surgical-hip-dislocation-through-a-direct-lateral-approach-a-cadaveric-study-of-vascular-danger-zones
#5
Mohamad J Halawi, David Brigati, Jennifer M McBride, Richard L Drake, Peter J Brooks
OBJECTIVE: There is limited information on the potential danger to the vascularity of the femoral head during surgical dislocation of the hip using the direct lateral approach. The objective of this study was to investigate the topographical anatomy of the medial femoral circumflex artery (MFCA), the primary source of blood supply to the femoral head, in relationship to the direct lateral approach. METHODS: Seven unembalmed cadaver hips had dye injection into either the profunda femoris artery or the MFCA...
July 2017: Journal of Clinical Orthopaedics and Trauma
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28944085/false-negative-transcranial-motor-evoked-potentials-tcmeps-during-surgery-for-congenital-lumbar-kyphoscoliosis-a-case-report
#6
Masayuki Ohashi, Kei Watanabe, Kenta Furutani, Toru Hirano, Keiichi Katsumi, Hirokazu Shoji, Tatsuki Mizouchi, Naoto Endo
INTRODUCTION: Transcranial motor evoked potential (TcMEP) monitoring is the gold standard for intra-operative neurological monitoring (IOM) of motor pathways during complex spine surgery because of its high sensitivity and specificity. However, although it is very low, the rate of false-negatives in TcMEP monitoring is not zero. Therefore, over-reliance on TcMEP monitoring can cause potentially preventable motor deficits. CASE PRESENTATION: We report a case of motor deficits due to nerve root stretch after surgical correction of a congenital lumbar kyphoscoliosis in a 56-year-old woman...
2017: Spinal Cord Series and Cases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28941759/osteitis-pubis-in-professional-football-players-mri-findings-and-correlation-with-clinical-outcome
#7
Francesco Gaudino, Daniel Spira, Yannic Bangert, Henning Ott, Bruno Beomonte Zobel, Hans-Ulrich Kauczor, Marc-André Weber
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Osteitis pubis (OP), a common pathology in elite athletes, is an aseptic inflammatory process of the pubic symphysis bone, and may involve surrounding soft tissues, tendons and muscles. OP is typically characterized by (often recurring) groin pain and is an important cause of time-off from sports activity in athletes. Aim of this retrospective study was to analyze magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) findings in professional football players with clinical diagnosis of OP and to correlate MRI findings with clinical outcome...
September 2017: European Journal of Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28917519/endoscopic-or-arthroscopic-iliopsoas-tenotomy-for-iliopsoas-impingement-followingtotal-hip-replacement-a-prospective-multicenter-64-case-series
#8
W Guicherd, N Bonin, T Gicquel, J E Gedouin, X Flecher, M Wettstein, M Thaunat, N Prevost, E Ollier, O May
INTRODUCTION: Impingement between the acetabular component and the iliopsoas tendon is a cause of anterior pain after total hip replacement (THR). Treatment can be non-operative, endoscopic or arthroscopic, or by open revision of the acetabular component. Few studies have assessed these options. The present study hypothesis was that endo/arthroscopic treatment provides rapid pain relief with a low rate of complications. METHODS: A prospective multicenter study included 64 endoscopic or arthroscopic tenotomies for impingement between the acetabular component and the iliopsoas tendon, performed in 8 centers...
September 13, 2017: Orthopaedics & Traumatology, Surgery & Research: OTSR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28905738/extraskeletal-osteochondroma-within-the-iliopsoas-muscle-case-report
#9
Svetoslav Slavchev, Georgi P Georgiev
Osteochondromas, occurring usually in the metaphyses of long bones, are among the most frequent benign musculoskeletal neoplasms and both their sporadic and hereditary variants have been studied extensively. Extraskeletal osteochondromas, however, are much less common. They have been shown to arise near joints or synovial spaces of feet, hands, or bursae. Herein, we present a very rare case of an extraskeletal osteochondroma within the iliopsoas muscle.
2017: SICOT-J
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28853117/a-randomized-comparison-between-neurostimulation-and-ultrasound-guided-lateral-femoral-cutaneous-nerve-block
#10
Gaurav Gupta, Mohan Radhakrishna, Isaac Tamblyn, D Q Tran, Markus Besemann, Atikun Thonnagith, Maria Francisca Elgueta, Marie Eve Robitaille, Roderick J Finlayson
BACKGROUND: This prospective, randomized trial compared neurostimulation (NS) and ultrasound (US) guided lateral femoral cutaneous nerve (LFCN) block. We hypothesized that US would result in a shorter total anesthesia-related time (sum of performance and onset times). METHODS: Twenty-one volunteers were enrolled. The right lower limb was randomized to an NS- or US-guided LFCN block. The alternate technique was employed for the left lower limb. With NS, paresthesias were sought in the lateral thigh at a stimulatory threshold of 0...
July 2017: U.S. Army Medical Department Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28843245/an-uncommon-complication-of-streptokinase-large-spontaneous-iliopsoas-hematoma
#11
Raheleh Aliabadi, Hassan Riahi Beni, Jila Nadjafi, Morteza Hassanzade, Mehrnaz Tabrizi, Mohsen Nasiri, Gandom Sedehi, Ali Pourmojarab
Streptokinase is a fibrinolytic agent that enhances plasmin activation and is used in selected patients with acute ST elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI). Similar to the other thrombolytics, a common side effect is bleeding, especially from venous puncture sites. Here, we present a case of acute anterior wall STEMI complicated by large spontaneous iliopsoas hematoma after streptokinase administration. With conservative management, the course of the disease was uneventful, and the patient was discharged with no symptom and no clinically important sequel...
June 2017: Acta Medica Iranica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28821966/application-of-transcutaneous-ultrasonography-for-the-diagnosis-of-muscle-mass-loss-in-patients-with-liver-cirrhosis
#12
Kazufumi Kobayashi, Hitoshi Maruyama, Soichiro Kiyono, Sadahisa Ogasawara, Eiichiro Suzuki, Yoshihiko Ooka, Tetsuhiro Chiba, Naoya Kato, Tadashi Yamaguchi
BACKGROUND: To propose an ultrasound-based parameter for the diagnosis of muscle mass loss (MML) in cirrhosis. METHODS: This is an IRB-approved cross-sectional study (October 2013 to January 2017) with written informed consent including 357 subjects-234 cirrhosis and 123 controls. MML was diagnosed using the skeletal muscle index at the L3 level (L3-SMI) on computed tomography (CT). Transcutaneous ultrasound was used to demonstrate a cross section of the right iliopsoas muscle, and the iliopsoas muscle index (IP index) was defined by the iliopsoas muscle area/height(2) (mm(2)/m(2))...
August 18, 2017: Journal of Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28819600/extensively-drug-resistant-tuberculosis-of-the-lumbar-spine-in-a-six-year-old-child-a-case-report
#13
Siddharth Sanjay Shah, Aakanksha Arvind Goregaonkar, Arvind Balkrishna Goregaonkar
INTRODUCTION: The emergence of extensively drug-resistant tuberculosis (XDR-TB) is a challenging paradigm shift faced by the TB control programs worldwide today. The treatment is further compounded with unique management difficulties faced in pediatric patients. Treatment of XDR-TB requires prolonged chemotherapy with second-line drugs which offer lesser potency and increased risk of drug-related side effects. We present a case of spinal XDR-TB in a child, managed with extended second-line antitubercular chemotherapy (ATT)...
March 2017: Journal of Orthopaedic Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28812397/to-what-extent-can-soft-tissue-releases-improve-hip-displacement-in-cerebral-palsy
#14
Terje Terjesen
Background and purpose - Hip displacement is frequent in nonambulatory children with cerebral palsy (CP) and treatment is controversial. This prospective study assesses the effectiveness of soft-tissue releases to treat hip subluxation, analyses prognostic factors for outcome, and identifies time to failure in hips with poor outcome. Patients and methods - 37 children (16 girls) with hip subluxation were recruited from the population-based screening program for children with CP in Norway. They had consecutively undergone soft-tissue releases (bilateral tenotomies of adductors and iliopsoas) at a mean age of 5...
August 16, 2017: Acta Orthopaedica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28806708/predictive-simulation-of-diabetic-gait-individual-contribution-of-ankle-stiffness-and-muscle-weakening
#15
Gilmar F Santos, Aline A Gomes, Isabel C N Sacco, Marko Ackermann
Diabetic neuropathic individuals present massive muscle strength reduction at the ankle plantar- and dorsiflexors and increased joint stiffness. Our aim is to investigate the adaptation strategies to these musculoskeletal alterations during walking by means of predictive simulations. We used a seven segment planar musculoskeletal model actuated by eight Hill-type muscles in each leg. The effect of all passive tissue in muscles and other joint structures was modeled by net passive joint moment curves. The predictive simulations were generated by solving an optimal control problem that minimized a cost function, including effort and tracking terms, using direct collocation and a commercial optimal control package...
October 2017: Gait & Posture
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28794366/regression-of-crizotinib-associated-complex-cystic-lesions-after-switching-to-alectinib
#16
Kageaki Taima, Hisashi Tanaka, Yoshihito Tanaka, Masamichi Itoga, Shingo Takanashi, Sadatomo Tasaka
Crizotinib, which is effective in patients with anaplastic lymphoma kinase (ALK) positive non-small cell lung cancer, is sometimes associated with the generation of complex renal cysts. A 56-year-old man with ALK positive adenocarcinoma received crizotinib. Ten months after the introduction of crizotinib, a cystic lesion developed from his right kidney to the iliopsoas muscle, accompanied by fever, anemia, and hypoproteinemia. After 17 months of treatment, crizotinib was switched to alectinib, followed by the recovery of hypoproteinemia and systemic inflammation...
September 1, 2017: Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28756505/perforated-mitral-valve-aneurysm-diagnosed-3%C3%A2-years-after-etiology-unknown-iliopsoas-muscle-abscess-illustrative-case-of-self-attack-endocarditis-of-the-mitral-valve
#17
Shun Nishino, Nozomi Watanabe, Masakazu Matsuyama, Mitsuhiro Yano, Yoshisato Shibata
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 29, 2017: Journal of Echocardiography
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28750995/effect-of-stretching-of-piriformis-and-iliopsoas-in-coccydynia
#18
P P Mohanty, Monalisa Pattnaik
Pain in the coccyx is referred as coccydynia. The pain aggravates in weight bearing i.e. sitting. Total 48 persons with coccydynia diagnosed clinically were recruited and randomly assigned into one of the 3 groups. Experimental group I were treated by stretching of piriformis and iliopsoas muscles, experimental group II were treated by stretching of piriformis and iliopsoas muscles and Maitland's rhythmic oscillatory thoracic mobilization over the hypomobile segments and the conventional group were treated by seat cushioning + Sitz bath + Phonophorosis...
July 2017: Journal of Bodywork and Movement Therapies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28721400/weight-adjusted-lean-body-mass-and-calf-circumference-are-protective-against-obesity-associated-insulin-resistance-and-metabolic-abnormalities
#19
Toshinari Takamura, Yuki Kita, Masatoshi Nakagen, Masaru Sakurai, Yuki Isobe, Yumie Takeshita, Kohzo Kawai, Takeshi Urabe, Shuichi Kaneko
BACKGROUND: To test the hypothesis that preserved muscle mass is protective against obesity-associated insulin resistance and metabolic abnormalities, we analyzed the relationship of lean body mass and computed tomography-assessed sectional areas of specific skeletal muscles with insulin resistance and metabolic abnormalities in a healthy cohort. METHODS: A total of 195 subjects without diabetes who had completed a medical examination were included in this study...
July 2017: Heliyon
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28720750/tuberculous-psoas-abscess-and-worsening-vascular-aneurysm-all-from-bacillus-calmette-guerin-bcg-therapy
#20
Emmanuel Okon, Janelle Stearns, Arun Kumar Durgam
BACKGROUND Intravesical bacillus Calmette-Guerin (BCG) is used in the treatment and prophylaxis of carcinoma in situ of the urinary bladder and for the prophylaxis of primary or recurrent stage Ta and T1 papillary tumors following transurethral resection. Significant systemic complications are rare but have been reported. CASE REPORT We describe this case of Mycobacterium bovis psoas abscess and worsening abdominal aortic aneurysm following BCG therapy for bladder cancer. A 76-year-old male presented with a fever of a few days...
July 19, 2017: American Journal of Case Reports
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