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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27904792/current-concepts-and-treatment-of-patellofemoral-compressive-issues
#1
Michael J Mullaney, Takumi Fukunaga
Patellofemoral disorders, commonly encountered in sports and orthopedic rehabilitation settings, may result from dysfunction in patellofemoral joint compression. Osseous and soft tissue factors, as well as the mechanical interaction of the two, contribute to increased patellofemoral compression and pain. Treatment of patellofemoral compressive issues is based on identification of contributory impairments. Use of reliable tests and measures is essential in detecting impairments in hip flexor, quadriceps, iliotibial band, hamstrings, and gastrocnemius flexibility, as well as in joint mobility, myofascial restrictions, and proximal muscle weakness...
December 2016: International Journal of Sports Physical Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27900300/treatment-of-proximal-hamstring-tendinopathy-related-sciatic-nerve-entrapment-presentation-of-an-ultrasound-guided-intratissue-percutaneous-electrolysis-application
#2
Gabriele Mattiussi, Carlos Moreno
BACKGROUND: Proximal Hamstring Tendinopathy-related Sciatic Nerve Entrapment (PHTrSNE) is a neuropathy caused by fibrosis interposed between the semimembranosus tendon and the sciatic nerve, at the level of the ischial tuberosity. METHODS: Ultrasound-guided Intratissue Percutaneous Electrolysis (US-guided EPI) involves galvanic current transfer within the treatment target tissue (fibrosis) via a needle 0.30 to 0.33 mm in diameter. The galvanic current in a saline solution instantly develops the chemical process of electrolysis, which in turn induces electrochemical ablation of fibrosis...
April 2016: Muscles, Ligaments and Tendons Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27896365/-complete-proximal-hamstring-tendon-tear-anchor-based-sliding-suture-technique-for-reduction-and-fixation
#3
S Bauer, M Riegger, W Reichert, W G Blakeney, C Haag
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 28, 2016: Der Unfallchirurg
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27896364/-proximal-rupture-of-the-hamstring-tendon-from-clinical-presentation-to-diagnosis-and-therapy
#4
S Bauer, M Riegger, K J Friedrich, W Reichert, W G Blakeney, C Haag
Rupture of the proximal tendon enthesis of the hamstring muscle (ICM) accounts for approximately 10% of all injuries of the ICM. It occurs most commonly in athletes and active middle-aged individuals. The complete rupture of all three tendons in active patients is generally seen as an indication for surgical repair of the tendon enthesis; however, the correct diagnosis is often not reached in a timely manner. This can lead to prolonged symptoms with pain, weakness and neuralgia. Operative treatment consists of anchor repair of the tendons resulting in good clinical outcome in several case series...
November 28, 2016: Der Unfallchirurg
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27857636/posterior-lateral-and-anterior-hip-pain-due-to-musculoskeletal-origin-a-narrative-literature-review-of-history-physical-examination-and-diagnostic-imaging
#5
REVIEW
Patrick J Battaglia, Kevin D'Angelo, Norman W Kettner
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to present a narrative review of the literature of musculoskeletal causes of adult hip pain, with special attention to history, physical examination, and diagnostic imaging. METHODS: A narrative review of the English medical literature was performed by using the search terms "hip pain" AND "anterior," "lateral," and "posterior." Additionally, specific entities of hip pain or pain referral sources to the hip were searched for...
December 2016: Journal of Chiropractic Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27826636/proximal-hamstring-reconstruction-using-semitendinosus-and-gracilis-autograft-a-novel-technique
#6
Thomas Muellner, Sandeep Kumar, Amit Singla
: The complete proximal hamstring avulsion is relatively uncommon injury and predominantly occurs in young athletes but causes significant functional impairment. In chronic cases, the muscle mass is so much retracted that primary repair is not possible. A surgical technique for reconstruction of chronic proximal hamstring avulsion using contralateral semitendinosus and gracilis autograft is described in this case report. LEVEL OF EVIDENCE: V.
November 8, 2016: Knee Surgery, Sports Traumatology, Arthroscopy: Official Journal of the ESSKA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27797729/hamstring-injuries-in-elite-gaelic-football-an-8-year-investigation-to-identify-injury-rates-time-loss-patterns-and-players-at-increased-risk
#7
Mark Roe, John C Murphy, Conor Gissane, Catherine Blake
BACKGROUND: Hamstring injuries occur frequently in field sports, yet longitudinal information to guide prevention programmes is missing. AIM: Investigate longitudinal hamstring injury rates and associated time loss in elite Gaelic football, while identifying subgroups of players at increased risk. METHODS: 38 data sets from 15 elite male Gaelic football teams were received by the National Gaelic Athletic Association (GAA) Injury Surveillance Database between 2008 and 2015...
October 20, 2016: British Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27664339/quiescent-pluripotent-stem-cells-reside-within-murine-peripheral-nerves-that-can-be-stimulated-to-proliferate-by-recombinant-human-bone-morphogenic-protein-2-or-by-nerve-trauma
#8
Michael H Heggeness, Nora Strong, Paul H Wooley, Shang-You Yang
BACKGROUND: The clinical use of recombinant human bone morphogenic protein 2 (rhBMP-2, Infuse) has been associated with nerve-related complications including new-onset sciatica, and retrograde ejaculation. PURPOSE: To better understand the interaction of rhBMP-2 and peripheral nerves with the intent of making procedures safer. STUDY DESIGN/SETTING: Using a mouse model to examine the direct effect of diluted rhBMP-2 (Infuse) on murine sciatic nerves...
September 21, 2016: Spine Journal: Official Journal of the North American Spine Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27648453/the-risk-of-transphyseal-drilling-in-skeletally-immature-patients-with-anterior-cruciate-ligament-injury
#9
Peter Faunø, Lone Rømer, Torsten Nielsen, Martin Lind
BACKGROUND: Anterior cruciate ligament reconstruction (ACLR) in skeletally immature patients can result in growth plate injury, which can cause growth disturbances. PURPOSE: To evaluate radiological tibial and femoral length and axis growth disturbances as well as clinical outcomes in skeletally immature ACLR patients treated with a transphyseal drilling technique. STUDY DESIGN: Cohort study; Level of evidence, 3. METHODS: A total of 39 pediatric patients with ACL injury and open physes at time of surgery, as diagnosed clinically and with magnetic resonance imaging (MRI), were treated using transphyseal ACLR using hamstring graft...
September 2016: Orthopaedic Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27634652/revascularisation-pattern-of-ruptured-flexor-tendon-grafts-in-anterior-cruciate-ligament-reconstruction-a-histological-study
#10
D Figueroa, R Martínez, R Calvo, M Scheu, M Gallegos, A Vaisman, C Martínez, A González
INTRODUCTION: For successful anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) reconstruction, revascularisation and histological maturation are necessary, as their failure can cause graft rupture. PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to describe differences in the histological maturation of early failed plasty (less than 12 months after surgery) and late failed plasty (more than 12 months after surgery) in patients with re-rupture after ACL reconstruction with hamstring tendons...
September 12, 2016: Revista Española de Cirugía Ortopédica y Traumatología
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27622498/fatigue-induced-changes-in-movement-pattern-and-muscle-activity-during-ballet-releve-on-demi-pointe
#11
Cheng-Feng Lin, Wan-Chin Lee, Yi-An Chen, Bih-Jen Hsue
Fatigue in ballet dancers may lead to injury, particularly in the lower extremities. However, few studies have investigated the effects of fatigue on ballet dancers' performance and movement patterns. Thus, the current study examines the effect of fatigue on the balance, movement pattern, and muscle activities of the lower extremities in ballet dancers. Twenty healthy, female ballet dancers performed releve on demi-pointe before and after fatigue. The trajectory of the whole body movement and the muscle activities of the major lower extremity muscles were recorded continuously during task performance...
August 2016: Journal of Applied Biomechanics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27583444/mri-based-regional-muscle-use-during-hamstring-strengthening-exercises-in-elite-soccer-players
#12
Alberto Mendez-Villanueva, Luis Suarez-Arrones, Gil Rodas, Rodrigo Fernandez-Gonzalo, Per Tesch, Richard Linnehan, Richard Kreider, Valter Di Salvo
The present study examined site-specific hamstring muscles use with functional magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) in elite soccer players during strength training. Thirty-six players were randomized into four groups, each performing either Nordic hamstring, flywheel leg-curl, Russian belt or the hip-extension conic-pulley exercise. The transverse relaxation time (T2) shift from pre- to post-MRI were calculated for the biceps femoris long (BFl) and short (BFs) heads, semitendinosus (ST) and semimembranosus (SM) muscles at proximal, middle and distal areas of the muscle length...
2016: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27492382/the-prevalence-of-proximal-hamstring-pathology-on-mri-in-the-asymptomatic-population
#13
S M Thompson, S Fung, D G Wood
PURPOSE: Injury to the proximal hamstring complex (PHC) is becoming more frequently diagnosed. Patients attending our tertiary referral centre demonstrated 'pathological changes' in the unaffected normal contralateral PHC on MRI. The prevalence of PHC pathology, however, has not been previously documented in the literature in asymptomatic subjects. It is the hypothesis of this study that the natural history of asymptomatic pathological change on MRI in the PHC is not clear. The aim is to quantify the natural history of PHC degeneration...
August 4, 2016: Knee Surgery, Sports Traumatology, Arthroscopy: Official Journal of the ESSKA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27399205/effects-of-severity-of-gross-motor-disability-on-anticipatory-postural-adjustments-while-standing-in-individuals-with-bilateral-spastic-cerebral-palsy
#14
Hidehito Tomita, Yoshiki Fukaya, Yukina Takagi, Asami Yokozawa
BACKGROUND: Although individuals with bilateral spastic cerebral palsy (BSCP) exhibit several deficits in anticipatory postural adjustments (APAs) while standing, effects of severity of motor disability on their APAs are unclear. AIMS: To determine whether individuals with BSCP exhibit severity-dependent deficits in APAs. METHODS AND PROCEDURES: Seven individuals with level II BSCP (BSCP-II group) and seven with level III BSCP (BSCP-III group) according to the Gross Motor Function Classification System and seven healthy controls lifted a load under two different load conditions...
October 2016: Research in Developmental Disabilities
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27344550/proximal-hamstring-tendon-avulsion-surgery-evaluation-of-the-perth-hamstring-assessment-tool
#15
William G Blakeney, Simon R Zilko, Steven J Edmonston, Natalie E Schupp, Peter T Annear
PURPOSE: The purpose of the present study was to validate a new scoring system for proximal hamstring injury-the Perth Hamstring Assessment Tool (PHAT). METHODS: This is a prospective series of 74 consecutive proximal hamstring surgical repairs in 72 patients, with a median age of 50.5 years (range 16-74). Patients completed the PHAT, SF12 Health Survey and Lower Extremity Functional Scale (LEFS). The scoring system was validated by calculating its internal consistency, reproducibility, reliability and sensitivity to change...
June 25, 2016: Knee Surgery, Sports Traumatology, Arthroscopy: Official Journal of the ESSKA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27343397/ischiofemoral-impingement-and-hamstring-syndrome-as-causes-of-posterior-hip-pain-where-do-we-go-next
#16
REVIEW
Hal David Martin, Anthony Khoury, Ricardo Schröder, Ian James Palmer
Recent advances in understanding hip joint anatomy and biomechanics have contributed to improvement of diagnosis and treatment decisions for distal causes of deep gluteal syndrome (DGS). Ischiofemoral impingement and hamstrings syndrome are sources of posterior hip pain that can simulate symptoms of DGS. The combination of a comprehensive history and physical examination with imaging and ancillary testing are critical for diagnosis. Six key physical examination tests are described to differentiate distal versus proximal sources of extrapelvic posterior hip pain...
July 2016: Clinics in Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27338956/saphenous-nerve-injury-during-hamstring-tendons-harvest-does-the-incision-matter-a-systematic-review
#17
A Ruffilli, M De Fine, F Traina, F Pilla, D Fenga, C Faldini
PURPOSE: Infrapatellar branch of saphenous nerve injury is a common complication following hamstring graft harvest during anterior cruciate ligament reconstruction. The direction of skin incision performed at proximal tibial metaphysis may affect the rate of iatrogenic nerve damage. Aim of the present systematic review was to evaluate evidence that would substantiate the adoption of one incision over another for hamstring graft harvesting. METHODS: The available literature was systematically screened searching studies dealing with iatrogenic injury to the saphenous nerve after anterior cruciate ligament reconstruction using hamstring tendons...
June 23, 2016: Knee Surgery, Sports Traumatology, Arthroscopy: Official Journal of the ESSKA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27337429/mid-term-functional-outcome-and-return-to-sports-after-proximal-hamstring-tendon-repair
#18
G H Sandmann, D Hahn, M Amereller, S Siebenlist, A Schwirtz, A B Imhoff, P U Brucker
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 23, 2016: International Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27274455/anatomic-reconstruction-of-the-proximal-tibiofibular-joint
#19
Brent T Warner, Samuel G Moulton, Tyler R Cram, Robert F LaPrade
Proximal tibiofibular joint (PTFJ) instability can be easily missed or confused for other, more common lateral knee pathologies such as meniscal tears, fibular collateral ligament injury, biceps femoris pathology, or iliotibial band syndrome. Because of this confusion, some authors believe that PTFJ instability is more common than initially appreciated. Patients with PTFJ subluxation may have no history of inciting trauma or injury, and it is not uncommon for these patients to have bilateral symptoms and generalized ligamentous laxity...
February 2016: Arthroscopy Techniques
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27256340/minimally-invasive-endoscopic-achilles-tendon-reconstruction-using-semitendinosus-and-gracilis-tendons-with-endobutton-stabilization
#20
Tomasz Piontek, Paweł Bąkowski, Kinga Ciemniewska-Gorzela, Monika Grygorowicz
BACKGROUND: Plantaris tendon, peronus brevis tendon and flexor hallucis longus tendon augmentation, commonly used in Achilles tendon rupture, often lead to weakening of injured foot and they require the immobilization after the surgery. It is essential to develop the technique, which gives no such limitation and allows for immediate functional improvement. METHODS: We present our method of minimally invasive, endoscopic Achilles tendon reconstruction using semitendinosus and gracilis tendons with Endobutton stabilization...
2016: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders
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