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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27904862/risk-factors-for-barrett-s-oesophagus
#1
REVIEW
Neel Sharma, Khek Yu Ho
BACKGROUND: Barrett's oesophagus (BO) is a premalignant condition associated with the development of oesophageal adenocarcinoma (OAC). Globally, the incidence of OAC is rising. Furthermore, the prognosis regarding the morbidity and mortality of OAC is bleak, with an estimated 5-year survival of 10-15%. Hence, detection of the premalignant phase is paramount. Endoscopy and biopsy sampling is the mainstay of diagnosis. Patients may present with symptoms of gastro-oesophageal reflux disease (GORD) or be completely asymptomatic...
October 2016: Gastrointestinal Tumors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27405492/the-outcome-of-endoscopy-for-recalcitrant-greater-trochanteric-pain-syndrome
#2
James Drummond, Camdon Fary, Phong Tran
INTRODUCTION: Greater trochanteric pain syndrome (GTPS), previously referred as trochanteric bursitis, is a debilitating condition characterised by chronic lateral hip pain. The syndrome is thought to relate to gluteal tendinopathy, with most cases responding to non-operative treatment. A number of open and endoscopic surgical techniques targeting the iliotibial band, trochanteric bursa and gluteal tendons have, however, been described for severe recalcitrant cases. We report the outcomes of one such endoscopic approach here...
November 2016: Archives of Orthopaedic and Trauma Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27354947/endoscopy-assisted-periacetabular-osteotomy
#3
Dean K Matsuda, Hal D Martin, Javad Parvizi
Minimizing soft tissue dissection and improving visualization of vital structures during periacetabular osteotomy (PAO) is of paramount importance to improve patient outcome and minimize complications. The endoscopy-assisted PAO was introduced to accomplish this objective. It involves an initial hip arthroscopy, for treatment of central compartment pathology, followed by a mini-open Bernese periacetabular osteotomy under fluoroscopic and endoscopic guidance, and completed by final dynamic hip arthroscopy to assess acetabular reorientation and fixation and to perform femoroplasty in relation to the new acetabular rim position, if needed...
April 2016: Arthroscopy Techniques
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27343396/peritrochanteric-endoscopy
#4
REVIEW
Brian A Mosier, Noah J Quinlan, Scott D Martin
Over the last decade, there have been significant advances in endoscopic techniques for peritrochanteric disorders of the hip. Endoscopic repair of gluteus medius and minimus tears has demonstrated good to excellent results in most patients who meet surgical indications with extremely low complication rates. Treatment of coxa saltans and other peritrochanteric disorders are also described, though the literature lacks sufficient evidence to guide treatment. As our understanding of peritrochanteric disorders evolves, endoscopic intervention will continue to progress with the development of improved technology to treat these disorders and ensure good outcomes...
July 2016: Clinics in Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27011827/endoscopic-hip-osteotomies-less-invasive-approaches-to-peri-acetabular-proximal-femoral-and-pubic-symphyseal-procedures
#5
REVIEW
Dean K Matsuda, Nicole A Matsuda
Beyond the recent expansion of extra-articular hip arthroscopy into the peri-trochanteric and subgluteal space, this instructional course lecture introduces three innovative procedures: endoscopy-assisted periacetabular osteotomy, closed derotational proximal femoral osteotomy and endoscopic pubic symphysectomy. Supportive rationale, evolving indications, key surgical techniques and emerging outcomes are presented for these innovative less invasive procedures.
July 2015: Journal of Hip Preservation Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26611860/premature-birth-and-large-for-gestational-age-are-associated-with-risk-of-barrett-s-esophagus-in-adults
#6
Seiji Shiota, Hashem B El-Serag, Aaron P Thrift
BACKGROUND: Birth characteristics, including weight and gestational age, may be associated with risk of Barrett's esophagus (BE), the only known precursor for esophageal adenocarcinoma; however, data are limited. AIMS: To examine associations between various birth characteristics and BE, and whether these associations are mediated by known risk factors for BE. METHODS: Data were obtained from a cross-sectional study among eligible Veterans Affairs patients scheduled for an upper endoscopy, and a sample identified from primary care clinics...
April 2016: Digestive Diseases and Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26601065/modified-porous-tantalum-rod-technique-for-the-treatment-of-femoral-head-osteonecrosis
#7
Emilios E Pakos, Panayiotis Megas, Nikolaos K Paschos, Spyridon A Syggelos, Antonios Kouzelis, Georgios Georgiadis, Theodoros A Xenakis
AIM: To study a modified porous tantalum technique for the treatment of osteonecrosis of the femoral head. METHODS: The porous tantalum rod was combined with endoscopy, curettage, autologous bone grafting and use of bone marrow aspirates from iliac crest aspiration in 49 patients (58 hips) with a mean age of 38 years. The majority of the patients had idiopathic osteonecrosis, followed by corticosteroid-induced osteonecrosis. Thirty-eight hips were of Steinberg stage II disease and 20 hips were of stage III disease...
November 18, 2015: World Journal of Orthopedics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26524558/disorders-of-the-peritrochanteric-and-deep-gluteal-space-new-frontiers-for-arthroscopy
#8
REVIEW
John W Thomas Byrd
Arthroscopic techniques for the hip joint have evolved into endoscopic methods for extra-articular disorders. These endoscopic strategies provide a less invasive alternative to open procedures for traditionally recognized forms of pathology. Endoscopy has defined new disorders amenable to surgical correction and has redefined some of these existing disorders. The peritrochanteric and deep gluteal regions represent 2 of the most currently active areas of exploration. Peritrochanteric problems include trochanteric bursitis, full-thickness and partial-thickness tears of the abductors including the gluteus medius and minimus, and external coxa saltans (snapping iliotibial band)...
December 2015: Sports Medicine and Arthroscopy Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25978198/common-questions-about-the-management-of-gastroesophageal-reflux-disease
#9
William D Anderson, Scott M Strayer, Shane R Mull
Common questions that arise regarding treatment of gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD) include which medications are most effective, when surgery may be indicated, which patients should be screened for Barrett esophagus and Helicobacter pylori infection, and which adverse effects occur with these medications. Proton pump inhibitors (PPIs) are the most effective medical therapy, and all PPIs provide similar relief of GERD symptoms. There is insufficient evidence to recommend testing for H. pylori in patients with GERD...
May 15, 2015: American Family Physician
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25940117/association-of-helicobacter-pylori-infection-with-the-metabolic-syndrome-among-hiv-infected-black-africans-receiving-highly-active-antiretroviral-therapy
#10
Benjamin Longo-Mbenza, Teke Apalata, Murielle Longokolo, Marcel Mbula Mambimbi, Etienne Mokondjimobe, Thierry Gombet, Bertrain Ellenga, Baudouin Buassa-bu-Tsumbu, Guy Milongo Dipa, Evelyne Lukoki Luila, Augustin Nge Okwe
INTRODUCTION: The metabolic syndrome (MetS) is common in human immune deficiency virus (HIV)-infected individuals receiving highly active antiretroviral therapy (HAART). Immune deficiencies caused by HIV give rise to numerous opportunistic gastrointestinal pathogens such as Helicobacter pylori, the commonest cause of chronic gastritis. The study sought to determine the relationship between H pylori infection and the MetS among HIV-infected clinic attendees. METHODS: This cross-sectional study was carried out in a specialised heart clinic in Kinshasa, DR Congo...
March 2015: Cardiovascular Journal of Africa
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25917523/sessile-serrated-adenomas-versus-conventional-adenomas-different-polyps-in-different-populations
#11
Georgios Michalopoulos, Spyridon Vrakas, Vassiliki Ntouli, Stelios Lamprinakos, Konstantinos Makris, Charalampos Tzathas
PURPOSE: The aim of this study was to determine risk factors for the development of sessile serrated adenomas (SSA/Ps) as well as to study differences between groups with SSA/Ps and conventional adenomas (tubular, tubulovillus and villus) in the general population. METHODS: One hundred patients with normal colonoscopies, 27 patients with 53 SSA/Ps and 69 patients with 156 conventional adenomas were studied, epidemiological data were collected and calculations of body mass index and waist-to-hip ratio were performed prior to endoscopy...
May 2015: Indian Journal of Gastroenterology: Official Journal of the Indian Society of Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25801197/metabolic-syndrome-and-the-risk-of-barrett-s-oesophagus-in-white-males
#12
A P Thrift, J Hilal, H B El-Serag
BACKGROUND: Few studies have examined the association between metabolic syndrome and Barrett's oesophagus (BO). Whether metabolic syndrome confers a risk greater than the sum of its components is unknown. AIM: To investigate associations between metabolic syndrome, its components and BO in white males. METHODS: We conducted a case-control study among eligible symptomatic patients scheduled for elective oesophagogastroduodenoscopy and a sample of patients eligible for screening colonoscopy recruited at primary care clinics...
June 2015: Alimentary Pharmacology & Therapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25739706/deep-gluteal-syndrome-anatomy-imaging-and-management-of-sciatic-nerve-entrapments-in-the-subgluteal-space
#13
REVIEW
Moisés Fernández Hernando, Luis Cerezal, Luis Pérez-Carro, Faustino Abascal, Ana Canga
Deep gluteal syndrome (DGS) is an underdiagnosed entity characterized by pain and/or dysesthesias in the buttock area, hip or posterior thigh and/or radicular pain due to a non-discogenic sciatic nerve entrapment in the subgluteal space. Multiple pathologies have been incorporated in this all-included "piriformis syndrome," a term that has nothing to do with the presence of fibrous bands, obturator internus/gemellus syndrome, quadratus femoris/ischiofemoral pathology, hamstring conditions, gluteal disorders and orthopedic causes...
July 2015: Skeletal Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25715656/physical-activity-and-the-risk-of-barrett-s-esophagus
#14
J Hilal, H B El-Serag, D Ramsey, T Ngyuen, J R Kramer
Physical activity either directly or through influencing body fat may affect the risk of Barrett's esophagus (BE). However, the effect of physical activity on the risk of developing BE has not been examined. We conducted a case-control study among consecutive eligible patients either scheduled for elective endoscopy or recruited from primary care clinics to undergo a study endoscopy. Study participants completed the International Physical Activity Questionnaire (IPAQ) short form that measures physical activity during the past 7 days...
April 2016: Diseases of the Esophagus: Official Journal of the International Society for Diseases of the Esophagus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25420546/risk-factors-for-barrett-s-esophagus-compared-between-african-americans-and-non-hispanic-whites
#15
Theresa H Nguyen, Aaron P Thrift, David Ramsey, Linda Green, Yasser H Shaib, David Y Graham, Hashem B El-Serag
OBJECTIVES: Esophageal adenocarcinoma is more common among non-Hispanic Whites (NHWs) than African Americans (AAs). It is unclear whether its precursor, Barrett's esophagus (BE), is also less common among AAs, and whether differences in risk factor profiles explain the racial disparity. METHODS: Data were from a case-control study among eligible Veterans Affairs patients scheduled for an upper endoscopy, and a sample identified from primary care clinics. Participants completed a questionnaire on sociodemographic and clinical factors and underwent a study esophagogastroduodenoscopy...
December 2014: American Journal of Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/24500830/the-use-of-core-track-endoscopy-to-document-accurate-decompression-of-the-femoral-head
#16
John Vlamis, Panagiotis Karampinas, Eustratios Kavroudakis, Spiros Pneumaticos
The aim of this study is to evaluate the role of endoscopy as diagnostic and prognostic method for Ficat and Steinberg stage IIIA and IIIB lesions by assessing the efficacy, risks and complications of this method. In a prospective study from January 2008 until September 2013, nine patients (13 hips) were assessed. In nine hips the disease was stage II, in three hips stage III and in one hip stage IV. Evaluation included x-rays, magnetic resonance and bone scintigraphy. After femoral head decompression, the borders of the removed necrotic area were investigated under direct visualisation by means of endoscopy in order to assess the vitality status of the surrounding bone...
May 2014: Hip International: the Journal of Clinical and Experimental Research on Hip Pathology and Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/24480201/penetrating-posterior-urethral-injury-successful-retrieval-of-an-impacted-missile-with-immediate-endoscopic-realignment
#17
April A Grant, Bryan C Morse, Benjamin M Manning, W Patrick Springhart, William F Flanagan
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 2014: American Surgeon
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/24451113/anatomic-variance-of-the-iliopsoas-tendon
#18
Marc J Philippon, Brian M Devitt, Kevin J Campbell, Max P Michalski, Chris Espinoza, Coen A Wijdicks, Robert F Laprade
BACKGROUND: The iliopsoas tendon has been implicated as a generator of hip pain and a cause of labral injury due to impingement. Arthroscopic release of the iliopsoas tendon has become a preferred treatment for internal snapping hips. Traditionally, the iliopsoas tendon has been considered the conjoint tendon of the psoas major and iliacus muscles, although anatomic variance has been reported. HYPOTHESIS: The iliopsoas tendon consists of 2 discrete tendons in the majority of cases, arising from both the psoas major and iliacus muscles...
April 2014: American Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/24183195/monopolar-radiofrequency-use-in-deep-gluteal-space-endoscopy-sciatic-nerve-safety-and-fluid-temperature
#19
Hal David Martin, Ian James Palmer, Munif Hatem
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to evaluate the temperature at the sciatic nerve when using a monopolar radiofrequency (RF) probe to control bleeding in deep gluteal space endoscopy, as well as assess the fluid temperature profile. METHODS: Ten hips in 5 fresh-frozen human cadaveric specimens from the abdomen to the toes were used for this experiment. Temperatures were measured at the sciatic nerve after 2, 5, and 10 seconds of continuous RF probe activation over an adjacent vessel, a branch of the inferior gluteal artery...
January 2014: Arthroscopy: the Journal of Arthroscopic & related Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/23954649/circulating-inflammatory-cytokines-and-adipokines-are-associated-with-increased-risk-of-barrett-s-esophagus-a-case-control-study
#20
Jose M Garcia, Andres E Splenser, Jennifer Kramer, Abeer Alsarraj, Stephanie Fitzgerald, David Ramsey, Hashem B El-Serag
BACKGROUND & AIMS: Obesity is associated with Barrett's esophagus (BE) and with changes in circulating levels of adipokines (leptin and adiponectin) and cytokines. Although studies have reported that adipokines and inflammatory cytokines are necessary for the development of BE, their role is controversial. METHODS: We performed a case-control study; cases (n = 141) were patients who underwent esophagogastroduodenoscopy and were found to have BE, which was based on endoscopy and histology, and controls (n = 139) were primary care patients eligible for screening colonoscopies who agreed to undergo esophagogastroduodenoscopy...
February 2014: Clinical Gastroenterology and Hepatology
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