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hip labral tear

Daniel W Griffin, Matthew J Kinnard, Peter M Formby, Michael P McCabe, Terrence D Anderson
BACKGROUND: The indications for hip preservation surgery have expanded to include treatment of hip pathology in older adults. While several studies have examined the efficacy of hip arthroscopy in the setting of osteoarthritis, there has been no review of outcomes in older adults. PURPOSE: To review the outcomes of hip arthroscopy in older adults and identify factors associated with treatment failures. STUDY DESIGN: Systematic review. METHODS: PubMed, EMBASE, and the Cochrane Library were searched through March 2016 for studies reporting outcomes of primary hip arthroscopy in patients older than 40 years...
October 18, 2016: American Journal of Sports Medicine
So Minokawa, Masatoshi Naito, Koichi Kinoshita, Takuaki Yamamoto
BACKGROUND: The vascular supply to the acetabular labrum is important in the treatment of labral lesions. However, in vivo blood flow measurements in the acetabular labrum have not been described in the literature. The purpose of this study was to examine this blood flow in vivo using laser Doppler flowmetry (LDF) in patients with acetabular dysplasia. METHODS: Periacetabular osteotomy combined with arthroscopy was performed in 47 consecutive patients (three males, 44 females; mean age at surgery, 35...
October 17, 2016: Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery and Research
Zeid Al-Ani, Syed Ali, Simon Beardmore, Vinay Parmar, Teik Chooi Oh
BACKGROUND: Although subspecialist orthopaedic surgeons usually request Magnetic Resonance Arthrogram (MRA) examinations, some orthopaedic surgeons may request this examination for a body part that is different from their subspecialty. The purpose of the study is to compare the MRA and the clinical findings in the subspecialist and non-subspecialist groups. METHOD: Retrospective analysis of MRA examinations over a 6-month period. Findings were compared with the clinical information...
2016: Open Orthopaedics Journal
Tarek M Hegazi, Jeffrey A Belair, Eoghan J McCarthy, Johannes B Roedl, William B Morrison
Injuries of the hip and surrounding structures represent a complex and commonly encountered scenario in athletes, with improper diagnosis serving as a cause of delayed return to play or progression to a more serious injury. As such, radiologists play an essential role in guiding management of athletic injuries. Familiarity with hip anatomy and the advantages and limitations of various imaging modalities is of paramount importance for accurate and timely diagnosis. Magnetic resonance (MR) imaging is often the modality of choice for evaluating many of the injuries discussed, although preliminary evaluation with conventional radiography and use of other imaging modalities such as ultrasonography (US), computed tomography, and bone scintigraphy may be supplementary or preferred in certain situations...
October 2016: Radiographics: a Review Publication of the Radiological Society of North America, Inc
Joel Narveson, Matthew D Haberl, Patrick J Grabowski
Study Design Case report. Background Intra-articular hip pathologies can be difficult to diagnose, and evidence to guide physical therapy interventions is lacking. The purpose of this report is to describe a clinical pathway for conservative management of a patient with an acute acetabular labral tear (ALT) and femoroacetabular impingement (FAI). Case Description The patient was an 18-year-old woman with recent onset of right groin pain who underwent intra-articular corticosteroid injection and therapeutic exercise for the management of an acute ALT identified on radiographic imaging...
September 29, 2016: Journal of Orthopaedic and Sports Physical Therapy
Jessalynn Adam, Kate Temme
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 2016: PM & R: the Journal of Injury, Function, and Rehabilitation
Suenghwan Jo, Sang Hong Lee, Sung Il Wang, Bjorn Smith, John O'Donnell
Acetabular dysplasia is one of the most common sources of hip arthritis. With the recent innovation in hip arthroscopy, the question has been raised whether arthroscopy can be used to treat dysplastic hip conditions. The purposes of this systematic review are (i) describe the prevalence of intra-articular pathologies and (ii) report the outcomes of dysplastic hip treatment with hip arthroscopy as a sole treatment. Medical databases were searched for articles including arthroscopic findings and treatment of dysplastic hip with predetermined criteria...
August 2016: Journal of Hip Preservation Surgery
Joshua D Harris
The importance of the acetabular labrum has been increasingly recognized, playing a critical role in both normal anatomy and abnormal pathology of the hip joint. The labrum increases acetabular surface area and volume, providing a stable and durable articulation. The fibrocartilaginous composition affords a tissue capable of a lifetime of normal function in the absence of significant osseous pathology. In the setting of femoroacetabular impingement (FAI) or dysplasia, bony biomechanics may cause labral injury, which may translate to patient symptoms...
August 31, 2016: Current Reviews in Musculoskeletal Medicine
Lauren M Ladd, James S Keene, Alejandro Munoz Del Rio, Humberto G Rosas
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study is to determine whether the preoperative response to intraarticular hip anesthetic injection correlates with the outcome of hip arthroscopy. A secondary aim is to determine whether the outcome of arthroscopy correlates with intraarticular pathologic findings or patient demographic characteristics. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Ninety-three patients who underwent MR arthrography (MRA), preoperative injections of anesthetic into the hip joint (with pain scores documented), and subsequent hip arthroscopy (with a modified Harris Hip Score [mHHS] determined at 1 year after arthroscopy) were included in the study...
November 2016: AJR. American Journal of Roentgenology
Erik Hohmann
Age has been cited in a recent article as the largest predictor of both chondral and labral lesions in patients with hip dysplasia. But it was not surprising that there is also a direct relation between a small lateral center-edge angle, acetabular head index, and cartilage degeneration and an increased acetabular index and labral tears in patients with hip dysplasia. The severity of the congenital disease determines the severity of the intra-articular lesions.
August 2016: Arthroscopy: the Journal of Arthroscopic & related Surgery
Darrin J Trask, James S Keene
BACKGROUND: Data on the efficacy of microfracture for treatment of chondral defects in the hip are currently limited, and the recommended criteria for its use (minimal osteoarthritis; a focal, contained lesion <4 cm(2) in size) have been taken from those that were established for the knee. PURPOSE: To determine if the current microfracture (ie, knee) criteria are appropriate for chondral lesions in the hip. STUDY DESIGN: Case series; Level of evidence, 4...
July 27, 2016: American Journal of Sports Medicine
Zachary T Sharfman, Eyal Amar, Thomas Sampson, Ehud Rath
The importance of the acetabular labrum has been well documented for the health and function of the hip joint. Labral reconstruction has proven effective but often requires the use of a cadaveric allograft or auto graft from the fascia lata or gracilis. The indirect head of the rectus femoris is in close proximity with the anterior superior acetabulum, which is the most common site of labral tears. Using the indirect head of the rectus femoris as a local graft minimizes surgical invasiveness by mitigating the need to harvest the graft from a different location, in case of an autograft, and by minimizing donor site morbidity and damage to local tissues...
April 2016: Arthroscopy Techniques
Brian J White, Tara K Hawkes, Mackenzie M Herzog
The source of continued hip pain following fixation of traumatic femoral shaft fracture is not always clear. Intra-articular hip pathology is often overlooked when evaluating the etiology of residual pain. The purpose of this study was to describe cases of intra-articular hip pathology following traumatic femoral shaft fracture. This was a retrospective case series of patients presenting to a private practice orthopedic clinic from 2012 to 2015. Three patients presented with symptomatic intra-articular hip pathology following traumatic ipsilateral femoral shaft fracture...
July 19, 2016: Orthopedics
Benjamin F Ricciardi, Stephanie W Mayer, Kara G Fields, Catherine Wentzel, Bryan T Kelly, Ernest L Sink
BACKGROUND: Symptomatic labral tears are common in patients with acetabular dysplasia; however, optimal treatment of the labrum remains controversial. PURPOSE: To present patient characteristics and early functional outcomes associated with combined arthroscopic labral refixation and Bernese periacetabular osteotomy (PAO) for symptomatic acetabular dysplasia with a displaced labral tear from the acetabular rim. STUDY DESIGN: Cohort study; Level of evidence, 3...
July 14, 2016: American Journal of Sports Medicine
Sung-Min Rhee, Soo Yong Kang, Eui-Chan Jang, Jae Yoon Kim, Yong-Chan Ha
BACKGROUND: The purpose of the study was to compare the clinical results of arthroscopic labral repair using knot-tying and knotless suture anchor techniques for patients with labral tears. METHODS: From September 2012 to May 2013, we performed a randomized, prospective analysis of 40 hips with labral tears treated with arthroscopic labral repair via knot-tying (group A) or knotless suture anchors (group B). A total of 33 patients were treated for labral tears, and 7 of them received bilateral labral repair...
October 2016: Archives of Orthopaedic and Trauma Surgery
Edward Dickenson, Philip O'Connor, Philip Robinson, Robert Campbell, Imran Ahmed, Miguel Fernandez, Roger Hawkes, Hutchinson Charles, Damian Griffin
AIM: During a golf swing, the lead hip (left hip in a right-handed player) rotates rapidly from external to internal rotation, while the opposite occurs in the trail hip. This study assessed the morphology and pathology of golfers' hips comparing lead and trail hips. METHODS: A cohort of elite golfers were invited to undergo MRI of their hips. Hip morphology was evaluated by measuring acetabular depth (pincer shape=negative measure), femoral neck antetorsion (retrotorsion=negative measure) and α angles (cam morphology defined as α angle >55° anteriorly) around the axis of the femoral neck...
September 2016: British Journal of Sports Medicine
Justin T Newman, Karen K Briggs, Shannen C McNamara, Marc J Philippon
BACKGROUND: As the number of hip arthroscopic surgeries being performed increases, so too does the prevalence of revision hip arthroscopic surgery. HYPOTHESIS/PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to compare outcomes in patients requiring revision hip arthroscopic surgery to patients undergoing primary hip arthroscopic surgery. The hypothesis was that patients undergoing revisions would demonstrate similar outcomes to those undergoing primary hip arthroscopic surgery...
June 15, 2016: American Journal of Sports Medicine
T Hagio, M Naito, Y Nakamura, K Muraoka
AIMS: Acetabular dysplasia is frequently associated with intra-articular pathology such as labral tears, but whether labral tears should be treated at the time of periacetabular osteotomy (PAO) remains controversial. The purpose of this study was to compare the clinical outcomes and radiographic corrections of PAO for acetabular dysplasia between patients with and without labral tears pre-operatively. PATIENTS AND METHODS: We retrospectively reviewed 70 hips in 67 patients with acetabular dysplasia who underwent PAO...
June 2016: Bone & Joint Journal
Scott W Cheatham, Keelan R Enseki, Morey J Kolber
Femoral acetabular impingement (FAI) has emerged as one of the more commonly recognized intraarticular hip pathologies and is often accompanied with a labral tear. The understanding of the clinical characteristics of individuals with symptomatic FAI has evolved over the past several years due to emerging research. As research progresses, there is often a gap in translating the current evidence to clinical practice. This manuscript presents the latest evidence underpinning the clinical presentation of FAI and labral tears...
April 2016: Journal of Bodywork and Movement Therapies
Parth Lodhia, Chengcheng Gui, Sivashankar Chandrasekaran, Carlos Suarez-Ahedo, Douglas R Dirschl, Benjamin G Domb
BACKGROUND: Hip arthroscopic surgery has emerged as a successful procedure to manage acetabular labral tears and concurrent hip injuries, which if left untreated, may contribute to hip osteoarthritis (OA). Therefore, it is essential to analyze the economic impact of this treatment option. PURPOSE: To investigate the cost-effectiveness of hip arthroscopic surgery versus structured rehabilitation alone for acetabular labral tears, to examine the effects of age on cost-effectiveness, and to estimate the rate of symptomatic OA and total hip arthroplasty (THA) in both treatment arms over a lifetime horizon...
July 2016: American Journal of Sports Medicine
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