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Childbirth educator

Olumide Abiodun, Kamil Alausa, Olanrewaju Olasehinde
BACKGROUND: An emerging pattern of increasing median age at first birth among women has been well documented in Western countries. A similar but less remarkable trend is being experienced in sub-Saharan Africa. There is a paucity of information in Sub-Saharan Africa about awareness of age-related fertility decline. The aim of this study was to assess the perception of fertility, childbirth intentions and parenting attitudes among university students. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A cross-sectional survey of 231 female and 158 male students randomly selected university undergraduates in Nigeria using a self-reported questionnaire...
October 14, 2016: International Journal of Adolescent Medicine and Health
Oluwasola Banke-Thomas, Aduragbemi Banke-Thomas, Charles Anawo Ameh
BACKGROUND: Many Kenyan adolescents die following pregnancy and childbirth complications. Maternal health services (MHS) utilisation is key to averting such poor outcomes. Our objectives were to understand the characteristics of adolescent mothers in Kenya, describe their MHS utilisation pattern and explore factors that influence this pattern. METHODS: We collected demographic and MHS utilisation data of all 301 adolescent mothers aged 15-19 years included in the Kenya Demographic Health Survey 2008/2009 (KDHS)...
October 12, 2016: International Journal of Adolescent Medicine and Health
Urszula Sioma-Markowska, Ryszard Poręba, Mariola Machura, Violetta Skrzypulec-Plinta
OBJECTIVES: The analysis of the forms of paternal activity depending on the manner of their preparation, including stages of labor. MATERIAL AND METHODS: A prospective survey-based study involved 250 fathers who participated in their child's birth. The fathers included in the study were present during all stages of family-assisted natural labor. The study was conducted one day after childbirth with the use of a survey prepared by the authors. Statistical calculations were conducted using the Statistica PL software...
2016: Ginekologia Polska
Adrienne Lynne White, Thaw Htwe Min, Mechthild M Gross, Ladda Kajeechiwa, May Myo Thwin, Borimas Hanboonkunupakarn, Hla Hla Than, Thet Wai Zin, Marcus J Rijken, Gabie Hoogenboom, Rose McGready
BACKGROUND: To evaluate a skilled birth attendant (SBA) training program in a neglected population on the Thai-Myanmar border, we used multiple methods to show that refugee and migrant health workers can be given effective training in their own environment to become SBAs and teachers of SBAs. The loss of SBAs through resettlement to third countries necessitated urgent training of available workers to meet local needs. METHODS AND FINDINGS: All results were obtained from student records of theory grades and clinical log books...
2016: PloS One
Fatemeh Abdollahi, Mehran Zarghami, Shariff-Ghazali Sazlina, Azhar Md Zain, Asghari Jafarabadi Mohammad, Munn-Sann Lye
INTRODUCTION: Post-partum depression (PPD) is the most prevalent mental problem associated with childbirth. The purpose of the present study was to determine the incidence of early PPD and possible relevant risk factors among women attending primary health centers in Mazandaran province, Iran for the first time. MATERIAL AND METHODS: A longitudinal cohort study was conducted among 2279 eligible women during weeks 32-42 of pregnancy to determine bio-psycho-socio-cultural risk factors of depression at 2 weeks post-partum using the Iranian version of the Edinburgh Postnatal Depression Scale (EPDS)...
October 1, 2016: Archives of Medical Science: AMS
Genevieve E Becker, Hazel A Smith, Fionnuala Cooney
BACKGROUND: Breastfeeding is important, however not all infants can feed at the breast and methods of expressing milk need evaluation. OBJECTIVES: To assess acceptability, effectiveness, safety, effect on milk composition, contamination and costs of methods of milk expression. SEARCH METHODS: We searched the Cochrane Pregnancy and Childbirth Group's Trials Register (21 March 2016), handsearched relevant journals and conference proceedings, and contacted experts in the field to seek additional published or unpublished studies...
September 29, 2016: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
Mona M A Almalik, Sultan M Mosleh
BACKGROUND: Antenatal education programs provide women with essential knowledge and skills in various aspects of maternal and fetal health. Antenatal education is based on improving women's health, reducing the risks of complications and enhancing couples' positive experience during childbirth. There is a lack of formal antenatal educational programs based on women's needs in Jordan. AIM: This study sought to identify and prioritize the learning needs for women during pregnancy...
September 22, 2016: Women and Birth: Journal of the Australian College of Midwives
Amy Michelle DeBaets
Birth plans were developed with the intention of enhancing a woman's prepared decision-making in the labor and delivery process and to offer obstetric care providers with important details about those decisions. Through the use of birth plans, women can reflect on their values and choices regarding what care practices and interventions they do and do not want in birth; they can communicate these values in advance to their care providers. However, birth plans are often ineffective at accomplishing their goals for a number of reasons...
September 21, 2016: American Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology
Kidanemariam Alem Berhie, Habtamu Gebremariam Gebresilassie
BACKGROUND: Stillbirth is often defined as fetal death after 24 weeks of gestation, but a fetus greater than any combination of 16, 20, 22, 24, or 28 weeks gestational age and 350 g, 400 g, 500 g, or 1000 g birth weight may be considered stillborn depending on local law. Once the fetus has died, the mother may or may not have contractions and undergo childbirth or in some cases, a Caesarean section. Most stillbirths occur in full-term pregnancies. METHODS: This study has intended to model determinants of experiencing stillbirth among women in child bearing age group of Ethiopia using the Ethiopian demographic and health Survey data (EDHS, 2011)...
2016: Maternal Health, Neonatology and Perinatology
Helena Kopp Kallner, Kristina Gemzell Danielsson
Preservation of fertility and optimizing health before pregnancy is becoming increasingly important in societies where childbirth often is postponed. Research shows that as women postpone childbirth they achieve higher levels of education and higher incomes. This leads to advantages for their children and for society. However, as women postpone childbearing they are at risk for contracting conditions which may affect fertility and/or pregnancies, pregnancy outcome, and the newborn child. Preconception counseling is therefore becoming increasingly important...
September 20, 2016: Upsala Journal of Medical Sciences
Mojgan Mirghafourvand, Sakineh Mohammad-Alizadeh-Charandabi, Parivash Ahmadpour, Pari Rahi
BACKGROUND: This study was carried out to examine breast cancer risk and its fertility predictors in women aged ≥35. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This cross-sectional study was conducted on 560 healthy women referred to health centers of Tabriz-Iran, 2013-2014. Five-year and lifetime risk of developing breast cancer were determined using the Gail model. General linear modeling was applied to determine breast cancer predictors. RESULTS: The mean age of the subjects was 42...
2016: Asian Pacific Journal of Cancer Prevention: APJCP
Maggie Redshaw, Jane Henderson
BACKGROUND: Pregnancy and the postnatal period is a period of potential vulnerability for women and families. It is UK policy that all women are asked about their mental health and wellbeing early in pregnancy and following the birth to help detect potential problems and prevent serious adverse outcome. However, identification of mental health problems in pregnancy may be less than 50 %. The aim of the study was to find out which women are asked about their mood and mental health during pregnancy and postnatally, and about offer and uptake of treatment...
2016: BMC Psychiatry
H Jiang, X Xiong, Y Su, J Peng, X Zhu, J Wang, M Chen, X Qian
OBJECTIVE: To determine whether an antimicrobial mouthrinse intervention reduces adverse pregnancy outcomes in a low-resource rural area. DESIGN: Randomised controlled trial. SETTING: A county-level maternal health care hospital in China. SAMPLE: Pregnant women of less than 20 weeks of gestation having periodontal disease. METHODS: Women with periodontal disease were randomised into the intervention (n = 232) and control group (n = 234)...
September 2016: BJOG: An International Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology
Louise Roth, Megan M Henley, Marla J Seacrist, Christine H Morton
OBJECTIVE: To analyze factors that lead nurses and doulas to have positive views of each other. DESIGN: A multivariate analysis of a cross-sectional survey, the Maternity Support Survey. SETTING: Online survey with labor and delivery nurses, doulas, and childbirth educators in the United States and Canada. PARTICIPANTS: A convenience sample of 704 labor and delivery nurses and 1,470 doulas. METHODS: Multiple regression analysis was used to examine five sets of hypotheses about nurses' and doulas' attitudes toward each other...
September 10, 2016: Journal of Obstetric, Gynecologic, and Neonatal Nursing: JOGNN
Jeong In Choi, Kyung-do Han, Sa Jin Kim, Min Jeong Kim, Jae Eun Shin, Hae Nam Lee
OBJECTIVES: The study investigated the association between childbirth history and health-related quality of life (QOL) in menopausal South Korean women. STUDY DESIGN: Cross-sectional analysis of data from the 2010-2012 Korean National Health and Nutrition Examination Surveys (KNHANES) for 4277 menopausal women aged over 50. We used the EuroQol index to measure health-related QOL. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: The relationship between delivery history and health-related QOL in menopausal South Korean women was analyzed...
October 2016: Maturitas
R E Rivas, J F Navío, M C Martínez, M T Miranda León, R F Castillo, O O Hernández
Objective: Pregnancy and postpartum are stages in a woman's life associated to important psychological and physiological changes that can affect her sexual behaviour. In addition, some sociodemographic and obstetric factors can also alter the sexual response. The aim of this study is to evaluate the modifications in sexual behaviour before, during and after pregnancy in a group of Spanish pregnant women and the factors that may be associated. Materials and methods: A prospective study was performed on 111 healthy pregnant women who completed a questionnaire about their sexual habits (including coital and orgasm frequency, satisfaction and pain during intercourse) prior to gestation, at 20, 30 and 38 weeks, and at three and six months postpartum...
March 10, 2016: West Indian Medical Journal
Deborah Lynne Jones, Ryan Cook, JoNell Efantis Potter, Talya Miron-Shatz, Nahida Chakhtoura, Andrew Spence, Margaret M Byrne
OBJECTIVE: Rates of pregnancy among women living with HIV (WLHIV) have increased with the availability of effective HIV treatment. Planning for pregnancy and childbirth is an increasingly important element of HIV care. Though rates of unintended pregnancies are high among women in general, among couples affected by HIV, significant planning and reproductive decisions must be considered to prevent negative health consequences for WLHIV and their neonates. To gain insight into this reproductive decision-making process among WLHIV, this study explored women's knowledge, attitudes and practices regarding fertility planning, reproductive desires, and safer conception practices...
2016: PloS One
I Tendais, B Figueiredo
STUDY QUESTION: Does mode of conception [spontaneous/after infertility treatment (IT)], type of pregnancy (singleton/twin) and parent gender have an effect on anxiety and depression levels and trajectories during pregnancy and the post-partum period? SUMMARY ANSWER: Conception after IT was associated with a transitory increase in anxiety during the perinatal period for parents of singletons, while for IT parents of twins higher levels of psychopathological symptoms tended to persist during pregnancy and the post-partum period...
October 2016: Human Reproduction
Vincenzo Puppo
The World Health Organization reports that more than 200 million women currently alive have been subjected to female genital mutilation/cutting (FGM/C) worldwide, and three million girls continue to be at risk each year. FGM/C today is women's business. The vulva is formed by the labia majora and the vestibule, with its erectile apparatus. These structures are located under the urogenital diaphragm, behind the pubic symphysis in the anterior perineal region. The clitoris is entirely an external genital organ: the glans and body covered by the prepuce are visible/free while the roots are hidden...
September 6, 2016: Clinical Anatomy
Sarah D Rominski, Jody Lori, Emmanuel Nakua, Veronica Dzomeku, Cheryl A Moyer
Despite global attention, high levels of maternal mortality continue to plague many low- and middle-income settings. One important way to improve the care of women in labour is to increase the proportion of women who deliver in a health facility. However, due to poor quality of care, including being disrespected and abused, women are reluctant to come to facilities for delivery care. The current study sought to examine disrespectful and abusive treatment towards labouring women from the perspective of midwifery students who were within months of graduation...
September 4, 2016: Health Policy and Planning
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