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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27923401/effectiveness-of-the-who-safe-childbirth-checklist-program-in-reducing-severe-maternal-fetal-and-newborn-harm-in-uttar-pradesh-india-study-protocol-for-a-matched-pair-cluster-randomized-controlled-trial
#1
Katherine E A Semrau, Lisa R Hirschhorn, Bhala Kodkany, Jonathan M Spector, Danielle E Tuller, Gary King, Stuart Lipsitz, Narender Sharma, Vinay Pratap Singh, Bharath Kumar, Neelam Dhingra-Kumar, Rebecca Firestone, Vishwajeet Kumar, Atul A Gawande
BACKGROUND: Effective, scalable strategies to improve maternal, fetal, and newborn health and reduce preventable morbidity and mortality are urgently needed in low- and middle-income countries. Building on the successes of previous checklist-based programs, the World Health Organization (WHO) and partners led the development of the Safe Childbirth Checklist (SCC), a 28-item list of evidence-based practices linked with improved maternal and newborn outcomes. Pilot-testing of the Checklist in Southern India demonstrated dramatic improvements in adherence by health workers to essential childbirth-related practices (EBPs)...
December 7, 2016: Trials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27922724/antenatal-breastfeeding-education-for-increasing-breastfeeding-duration
#2
REVIEW
Pisake Lumbiganon, Ruth Martis, Malinee Laopaiboon, Mario R Festin, Jacqueline J Ho, Mohammad Hakimi
BACKGROUND: Breast milk is well recognised as the best food source for infants. The impact of antenatal breastfeeding (BF) education on the duration of BF has not been evaluated. OBJECTIVES: To assess the effectiveness of antenatal breastfeeding (BF) education for increasing BF initiation and duration. SEARCH METHODS: We searched Cochrane Pregnancy and Childbirth's Trials Register on 1 March 2016, CENTRAL (The Cochrane Library, 2016, Issue 3), MEDLINE (1966 to 1 March 2016) and Scopus (January 1985 to 1 March 2016)...
December 6, 2016: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27918878/maternal-mental-health-over-the-course-of-four-years-following-childbirth-the-contribution-of-birth-circumstances-and-psycho-social-factors
#3
Ginna Porat-Zyman, Orit Taubman Ben-Ari, Iris Morag, Jacob Kuint
We aimed to identify mothers at risk for poorer maternal mental health (MMH) one month post-partum and to determine changes in MMH over four years in relation to birth circumstances (singleton/twins, full-term/pre-term infant/s, first/non-first child), internal resources (adult attachment styles), and external resources (marital quality and maternal grandmother's support) at one month post-partum. The mediating effects of external resources were also investigated. Questionnaires were completed between 2001 and 2012 by 561 Israeli mothers...
December 5, 2016: Women & Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27900920/-sudden-loss-of-consciousness-during-labour
#4
L T van Genugten, L P Morssink, E L van der Kooi
This case describes a 36-year-old woman, gravida 4 para 2 at 41 weeks and 3 days gestation, who appeared unconscious during labour for 75 minutes. After excluding physical disorders, it transpired that she was having a conversion disorder. A patient with a decreased level of consciousness in childbirth must be assessed using the ABCDE method, positioned in left lateral tilt to prevent inferior vena cava compression. After stabilization of the vital functions and establishing the patient's history, physical examination and laboratory tests are components of the initial clinical assessment...
2016: Nederlands Tijdschrift Voor Geneeskunde
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27873558/antenatal-depressive-symptoms-as-a-predictor-of-deterioration-in-perceived-social-support-across-the-perinatal-period-a-four-wave-cohort-study-in-turkey
#5
V Senturk, M Abas, M Dewey, O Berksun, R Stewart
BACKGROUND: In a perinatal cohort of women in urban and rural Turkey, we investigated associations between antenatal depressive symptoms and subsequent changes in perceived quality of key family relationships. METHOD: Of 730 women recruited in their third trimester (94.6% participation), 578 (79.2%) were reassessed at a mean of 4.1 (s.d. = 3.3) months after childbirth, 488 (66.8%) were reassessed at 13.7 (s.d. = 2.9) months, and 448 (61.4%) at 20.8 (s.d. = 2.7) months...
November 22, 2016: Psychological Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27865160/aetiological-relationships-between-factors-associated-with-postnatal-traumatic-symptoms-among-japanese-primiparas-and-multiparas-a-longitudinal-study
#6
Mizuki Takegata, Megumi Haruna, Masayo Matsuzaki, Mie Shiraishi, Tadaharu Okano, Elisabeth Severinsson
OBJECTIVE: this study aims to identify the aetiological relationships of psychosocial factors in postnatal traumatic symptoms among Japanese primiparas and multiparas. DESIGN: a longitudinal, observational survey. SETTING: participants were recruited at three institutions in Tokyo, Japan between April 2013 and May 2014. Questionnaires were distributed to 464 Japanese women in late pregnancy (> 32 gestational weeks, Time 1), on the third day (Time 2) and one month (Time 3) postpartum...
October 28, 2016: Midwifery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27859592/childbirth-education-class-and-birth-plans-are-associated-with-a-vaginal-delivery
#7
Yalda Afshar, Erica T Wang, Jenny Mei, Tania F Esakoff, Margareta D Pisarska, Kimberly D Gregory
BACKGROUND: To determine whether the mode of delivery was different between women who attended childbirth education (CBE) class, had a birth plan, or both compared with those who did not attend CBE class or have a birth plan. METHODS: This is a retrospective cross-sectional study of women who delivered singleton gestations > 24 weeks at our institution between August 2011 and June 2014. Based on a self-report at the time of admission for labor, women were stratified into four categories: those who attended a CBE class, those with a birth plan, both, and those with neither CBE or birth plan...
November 15, 2016: Birth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27858198/three-year-prospective-cohort-study-of-factors-associated-with-return-to-work-after-breast-cancer-diagnosis
#8
Myung Kyung Lee, Han Sung Kang, Keun Seok Lee, Eun Sook Lee
Purpose The purpose of this prospective cohort study of breast cancer survivors was to identify factors before diagnosis, during treatment, and after treatment that are associated with return to work (RTW). Methods A total of 288 women with breast cancer (stage I-III) and whose age were 18-65 years-old answered questionnaires at 4-6, 12, 24, and 36 months after diagnosis. The surveys asked about performance of regular exercise and health-related quality of life issues. "RTW at 36 months" was assigned to patients who reported any of the following: working at least twice; no job at baseline but working more than once; job at baseline, stopped working, and then started working again; and working during all 3 years...
November 17, 2016: Journal of Occupational Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27852239/determinants-of-use-of-health-facility-for-childbirth-in-rural-hadiya-zone-southern-ethiopia
#9
Netsanet Abera Asseffa, Fawole Bukola, Arowojolu Ayodele
BACKGROUND: Maternal mortality remains a major global public health concern despite many international efforts. Facility-based childbirth increases access to appropriate skilled attendance and emergency obstetric care services as the vast majority of obstetric complications occur during delivery. The purpose of the study was to determine the proportion of facility delivery and assess factors influencing utilization of health facility for childbirth. METHODS: A cross-sectional study was conducted in two rural districts of Hadiya zone, southern Ethiopia...
November 16, 2016: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27836082/trends-and-changes-in-home-deliveries-in-kassena-nankana-districts-in-northern-ghana-results-from-repeated-cross-sectional-surveys
#10
Tieba Millogo, Eustasius Musenge, Daniel K Azongo, Seni Kouanda, Abraham Rexford Oduro
OBJECTIVE: To investigate trends and changes in home deliveries in northern Ghana following the implementation of interventions targeting common barriers to utilization of health services. METHODS: Data collected through repeated cross-sectional surveys conducted in the Kassena-Nankana east and west districts from 2003-2009 were used in a secondary analysis. All childbirths that occurred in this period were included. Univariate time series were used to describe trends in home deliveries...
November 2016: International Journal of Gynaecology and Obstetrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27827515/interventions-for-promoting-the-initiation-of-breastfeeding
#11
REVIEW
Olukunmi O Balogun, Elizabeth J O'Sullivan, Alison McFadden, Erika Ota, Anna Gavine, Christine D Garner, Mary J Renfrew, Stephen MacGillivray
BACKGROUND: Despite the widely documented risks of not breastfeeding, initiation rates remain relatively low in many high-income countries, particularly among women in lower-income groups. In low- and middle-income countries, many women do not follow World Health Organization (WHO) recommendations to initiate breastfeeding within the first hour after birth. This is an update of a Cochrane Review, first published in 2005. OBJECTIVES: To identify and describe health promotion activities intended to increase the initiation rate of breastfeeding...
November 9, 2016: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27814454/spousal-violence-and-receipt-of-skilled-maternity-care-during-and-after-pregnancy-in-nepal
#12
Marie Furuta, Debra Bick, Hiromi Matsufuji, Kirstie Coxon
OBJECTIVES: a substantial number of Nepali women experience spousal violence, which affects their health in many ways, including during and after pregnancy. This study aimed to examine associations between women's experiences of spousal violence and their receipt of skilled maternity care, using two indicators: (1) receiving skilled maternity care across a continuum from pregnancy to the early postnatal period and (2) receiving any skilled maternity care in pregnancy, childbirth, or postpartum...
October 19, 2016: Midwifery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27808013/paternal-age-at-childbirth-and-eating-disorders-in-offspring
#13
K N Javaras, M E Rickert, L M Thornton, C M Peat, J H Baker, A Birgegård, C Norring, M Landén, C Almqvist, H Larsson, P Lichtenstein, C M Bulik, B M D'Onofrio
BACKGROUND: Advanced paternal age at childbirth is associated with psychiatric disorders in offspring, including schizophrenia, bipolar disorder and autism. However, few studies have investigated paternal age's relationship with eating disorders in offspring. In a large, population-based cohort, we examined the association between paternal age and offspring eating disorders, and whether that association remains after adjustment for potential confounders (e.g. parental education level) that may be related to late/early selection into fatherhood and to eating disorder incidence...
November 3, 2016: Psychological Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27806521/predictors-of-fear-related-to-childbirth-among-iranian-primigravidae
#14
Nasrin Matinnia, Hejar Abdul Rahman, Faisal Ibrahim, Amin Ghaleiha, Mehrnoosh Akhtari-Zavare, Leila Jahangard, Ali Ghaleiha
Fears related Pregnancy-and childbirth are common psychological concerns and the main reasons for requesting cesarean section (CS). The current study aimed at describing the association between fear of childbirth and social, demographic and psychological factors and examines the predictors of maternal fear in a 342 healthy primigravidae women with uncomplicated singleton pregnancies. In this cross-sectional study, the participants (n=342 primigravidae) was randomly selected in 12 health care centers in Iran...
July 26, 2016: Global Journal of Health Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27798710/prevalence-and-determinants-of-unintended-pregnancy-in-mchinji-district-malawi-using-a-conceptual-hierarchy-to-inform-analysis
#15
Jennifer Anne Hall, Geraldine Barrett, Tambosi Phiri, Andrew Copas, Address Malata, Judith Stephenson
BACKGROUND: In 2012 there were around 85 million unintended pregnancies globally. Unintended pregnancies unnecessarily expose women to the risks associated with pregnancy, unsafe abortion and childbirth, thereby contributing to maternal mortality and morbidity. Studies have identified a range of potential determinants of unplanned pregnancy but have used varying methodologies, measures of pregnancy intention and analysis techniques. Consequently there are many contradictions in their findings...
2016: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27790526/effect-of-continued-support-of-midwifery-students-in-labour-on-the-childbirth-and-labour-consequences-a-randomized-controlled-clinical-trial
#16
Nahid Bolbol-Haghighi, Seyedeh Zahra Masoumi, Farideh Kazemi
INTRODUCTION: Childbirth experience is a process throughout women's life and the most important consequence of labour. Support is the key factor to have a positive experience of childbirth. In order to improve and reduce the stress and anxiety levels in women during labour and cope with the childbirth pain, the emotional, physical and educational support of doulas can be used. AIM: This study was aimed to evaluate the effect of continued support of midwifery students in labour on the childbirth and labour consequences...
September 2016: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27790351/predictors-of-prenatal-empowerment-among-iranian-pregnant-women
#17
Narjes Sadat Borghei, Ali Taghipour, Robab Latifnejad Roudsari, Afsaneh Keramat, Hadi Jabbari Noghabi
INTRODUCTION: Considering that empowering expectant mothers is an important issue to maintain a healthy pregnancy, this study was conducted to evaluate the predictors of empowerment among Iranian pregnant women. METHODS: This cross sectional study was conducted in Golestan, North of Iran in 2015. A total number of 161 pregnant women were selected through random cluster sampling from urban health centers, using PASS software. The socio-political, educational, and mental-financial predictors of empowerment were measured using a self-structured questionnaire during pregnancy and was analyzed by a linear regression model using SPSS version 16...
September 2016: Electronic Physician
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27769011/exploring-dutch-midwives-attitudes-to-promoting-physiological-childbirth-a-qualitative-study
#18
Suzanne M Thompson, Marianne J Nieuwenhuijze, Lisa Kane Low, Raymond de Vries
OBJECTIVE: to describe Dutch midwives' attitudes toward, and motivations for, the promotion of physiological childbirth and to identify factors associated with those attitudes and motivations. DESIGN: exploratory, qualitative design using focus groups. SETTING: The Netherlands. PARTICIPANTS: hospital- and community-based midwives. FINDINGS: four themes emerged: physiological birth as a continuum, navigating the settings, woman-centeredness and competence and confidence...
September 28, 2016: Midwifery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27740927/ignorance-could-hurt-an-assessment-of-fertility-awareness-childbirth-intentions-and-parenting-attitudes-among-university-students
#19
Olumide Abiodun, Kamil Alausa, Olanrewaju Olasehinde
BACKGROUND: An emerging pattern of increasing median age at first birth among women has been well documented in Western countries. A similar but less remarkable trend is being experienced in sub-Saharan Africa. There is a paucity of information in Sub-Saharan Africa about awareness of age-related fertility decline. The aim of this study was to assess the perception of fertility, childbirth intentions and parenting attitudes among university students. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A cross-sectional survey of 231 female and 158 male students randomly selected university undergraduates in Nigeria using a self-reported questionnaire...
October 14, 2016: International Journal of Adolescent Medicine and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27732558/utilisation-of-maternal-health-services-by-adolescent-mothers-in-kenya-analysis-of-the-demographic-health-survey-2008-2009
#20
Oluwasola Banke-Thomas, Aduragbemi Banke-Thomas, Charles Anawo Ameh
BACKGROUND: Many Kenyan adolescents die following pregnancy and childbirth complications. Maternal health services (MHS) utilisation is key to averting such poor outcomes. Our objectives were to understand the characteristics of adolescent mothers in Kenya, describe their MHS utilisation pattern and explore factors that influence this pattern. METHODS: We collected demographic and MHS utilisation data of all 301 adolescent mothers aged 15-19 years included in the Kenya Demographic Health Survey 2008/2009 (KDHS)...
October 12, 2016: International Journal of Adolescent Medicine and Health
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