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Childbirth educator

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29042819/distance-from-health-facility-and-mothers-perception-of-quality-related-to-skilled-delivery-service-utilization-in-northern-ethiopia
#1
Girmatsion Fisseha, Yemane Berhane, Alemayehu Worku, Wondwossen Terefe
BACKGROUND: Poor maternal health service utilization is one of the contributing factors to a high level of maternal and newborn mortality in Ethiopia. The factors associated with utilization of services are believed to differ from one context to another. We assessed the factors associated with skilled delivery service utilization in rural northern Ethiopia. SUBJECTS AND METHODS: A community-based survey was conducted among mothers who gave birth in the 12 months preceding the study period, from January to February 2015, in the Tigray region of Ethiopia...
2017: International Journal of Women's Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29040509/a-new-use-for-an-old-tool-maternity-waiting-homes-to-improve-equity-in-rural-childbirth-care-results-from-a-cross-sectional-hospital-and-community-survey-in-tanzania
#2
Piera Fogliati, Manuela Straneo, Sabina Mangi, Gaetano Azzimonti, Firma Kisika, Giovanni Putoto
Limited quality of childbirth care in sub-Saharan Africa primarily affects the poor. Greater quality is available in facilities providing advanced management of childbirth complications. We aimed to determine whether Maternity Waiting Homes (MWHs) may be a tool to improve access of lower socio-economic women to such facilities. Secondary analysis of a cross-sectional hospital survey from Iringa District, Tanzania was carried out. Women who delivered between October 2011 and May 2012 in the only District facility providing comprehensive Emergency Obstetric Care were interviewed...
October 10, 2017: Health Policy and Planning
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29033996/effects-of-implementing-the-alexander-technique-on-enjoying-the-sense-of-motherhood-in-the-postpartum-period
#3
Somayeh Banoofatemeh, Hamid Reza Oreyzi, Parvin Bahadoran
BACKGROUND: The broad concept of maternal well-being includes psychological concepts, social aspects, and aspects of becoming a mother. The present study aimed to investigate the effects of implementing the Alexander technique on enjoying the sense of motherhood. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This study was a clinical trial conducted in two phases. In the first phase, using the exploratory and confirmatory factor analysis, 226 mothers were asked to undergo a scale test of enjoying the sense of motherhood after childbirth...
September 2017: Iranian Journal of Nursing and Midwifery Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29018590/key-factors-in-obstetric-delivery-decision-making-among-asian-and-pacific-islander-women-by-english-proficiency
#4
Chevelle Ma Davis, Mary Guo, Jill Miyamura, Ann Chang, Denise C Nelson-Hurwitz, Tetine Sentell
Childbirth is the most common reason women are hospitalized in the United States. Understanding (1) how expectant mothers gather information to decide where to give birth, and (2) who helps make that decision, provides critical health communication and decision-making insights. Diverse Asian American and Pacific Islander (AA/PI) perspectives on such topics are understudied, particularly among those with limited English proficiency (LEP). LEP is defined as having a limited ability to read, write, speak, or understand English...
October 2017: Hawai'i Journal of Medicine & Public Health: a Journal of Asia Pacific Medicine & Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28971514/should-acog-support-childbirth-education-as-another-means-to-improve-obstetric-outcomes-response-to-acog-committee-opinion-687-approaches-to-limit-intervention-during-labor-and-birth
#5
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28955104/parturients-awareness-and-perception-of-benefits-of-breast-feeding-in-the-prevention-of-infant-and-childhood-oral-and-dental-diseases
#6
Charles E Anyanechi, Kufre J Ekabua, Ansa B Ekpenyong, John E Ekabua
BACKGROUND: Breastfed babies have a better chance of improved oral and dental health than their counterparts that were artificially-fed. OBJECTIVE: To assess the knowledge and attitude of postnatal mothers on the benefits of breastfeeding in prevention of oral and dental diseases. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A cross - sectional descriptive survey of 206 mothers attending the postnatal clinic of the University of Calabar Teaching Hospital, Calabar on the knowledge and attitude of breastfeeding in prevention of oral diseases in infants...
June 2017: Ghana Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28953291/family-physicians-and-provision-of-immediate-postpartum-contraception-a-cera-study
#7
Michelle H Moniz, Anna K McEvoy, Michelle Hofmeister, Missy Plegue, Tammy Chang
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) support the provision of intrauterine devices (IUDs) and the contraceptive implant to women immediately after childbirth. We aimed to assess perceived training needs and barriers to immediate postpartum contraceptive service delivery among US family physicians. METHODS: We contributed items regarding postpartum contraception to the 2015 Council of Academic Family Medicine Educational Research Alliance (CERA) omnibus survey of a national cohort of family medicine educators...
September 2017: Family Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28942214/-it-s-your-body-but%C3%A2-mixed-messages-in-childbirth-education-findings-from-a-hospital-ethnography
#8
Elizabeth Newnham, Lois McKellar, Jan Pincombe
OBJECTIVE: to investigate the personal, social, cultural and institutional influences on women making decisions about using epidural analgesia in labour. In this article we discuss the findings that describe practices around the gaining of consent for an epidural in labour, which we juxtapose with similar processes relating to use of water for labour and/or birth. DESIGN: ethnography. SETTING: tertiary hospital in Australian city. PARTICIPANTS: sequential interviews were conducted with 16 women; hospital staff (primarily midwives and doctors) participated during six months of participatory observation fieldwork...
September 11, 2017: Midwifery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28929879/safer-muslim-motherhood-social-conditions-and-maternal-mortality-in-the-muslim-world
#9
Kylea Laina Liese, Angela B Maeder
The greatest variation in maternal mortality is among poor countries and wealthy countries that rely on emergency obstetric technology to save a woman's life during childbirth. However, substantial variation in maternal mortality ratios (MMRs) exists within and among poor countries with uneven access to advanced obstetric services. This article examines MMRs across the Muslim world and compares the impact of national wealth, female education, and skilled birth attendants on maternal mortality. Understanding how poor countries have lowered MMRs without access to expensive obstetric technologies suggests that certain social variables may act protectively to reduce the maternal risk for life-threatening obstetric complications that would require emergency obstetric care...
September 20, 2017: Global Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28923126/-drawing-aside-the-curtain-natural-childbirth-on-screen-in-1950s-britain
#10
Salim Al-Gailani
This article recovers the importance of film, and its relations to other media, in communicating the philosophies and methods of 'natural childbirth' in the post-war period. It focuses on an educational film made in South Africa around 1950 by controversial British physician Grantly Dick-Read, who had achieved international fame with bestselling books arguing that relaxation and education, not drugs, were the keys to freeing women from pain in childbirth. But he soon came to regard the 'vivid' medium of film as a more effective means of disseminating the 'truth of [his] mission' to audiences who might never have read his books...
September 2017: British Journal for the History of Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28922383/timing-and-adequate-attendance-of-antenatal-care-visits-among-women-in-ethiopia
#11
Sanni Yaya, Ghose Bishwajit, Michael Ekholuenetale, Vaibhav Shah, Bernard Kadio, Ogochukwu Udenigwe
INTRODUCTION: Although ANC services are increasingly available to women in low and middle-income countries, their inadequate use persists. This suggests a misalignment between aims of the services and maternal beliefs and circumstances. Owing to the dearth of studies examining the timing and adequacy of content of care, this current study aims to investigate the timing and frequency of ANC visits in Ethiopia. METHODS: Data was obtained from the nationally representative 2011 Ethiopian Demographic and Health Survey (EDHS) which used a two-stage cluster sampling design to provide estimates for the health and demographic variables of interest for the country...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28910945/-nested-case-control-study-on-associated-factors-for-anemia-during-pregnancy
#12
C L Fan, J Y Luo, W J Gong, X Q Liu, S J Zhou, F F Zhang, J Zeng, H X Li, N Feng
Objective: To explore the related factors of anemia during pregnancy and provide scientific evidence for the primary prevention of anemia during pregnancy. Methods: The pregnant women (≤12 pregnant weeks) who received the first pregnancy care in a local medical institution in Hunan province from June 2013 to November 2014 were included in this cohort study, and for them anemia had been excluded by physical examination. Baseline survey and follow up till childbirth were conducted for them. A queue-based nested case-control study (1 ∶ 2) was conducted (380 pregnant women with anemia detected in this study as case group, 760 pregnant women without anemia randomly selected and matched by age, habitual residence during pregnancy as control group...
September 10, 2017: Zhonghua Liu Xing Bing Xue za Zhi, Zhonghua Liuxingbingxue Zazhi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28910302/a-look-back-on-how-far-to-walk-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis-of-physical-access-to-skilled-care-for-childbirth-in-sub-saharan-africa
#13
REVIEW
Kerry L M Wong, Lenka Benova, Oona M R Campbell
OBJECTIVES: To (i) summarize the methods undertaken to measure physical accessibility as the spatial separation between women and health services, and (ii) establish the extent to which distance to skilled care for childbirth affects utilization in Sub-Saharan Africa. METHOD: We defined spatial separation as the distance/travel time between women and skilled care services. The use of skilled care at birth referred to either the location or attendant of childbirth...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28894527/factors-contributing-to-fear-of-childbirth-among-pregnant-women-in-hamadan-iran-in-2016
#14
Farzaneh Soltani, Zahra Eskandari, Batoul Khodakarami, Parisa Parsa, Ghodratollah Roshanaei
BACKGROUND: Fear of childbirth is a considerable mental, social, and physiological phenomenon among women as well as their families, which can be effective in choosing cesarean section for delivery. AIM: To determine some factors contributing to the fear of childbirth among pregnant women. METHOD: This cross-sectional study was conducted on 335 pregnant women referred to health centers in Toyserkan in 2016. Pregnant women with the gestational age of 16-40 weeks filled out Harman's Childbirth Attitude Questionnaire (CAQ) as well as stating demographic and obstetrics characteristics...
July 2017: Electronic Physician
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28893291/preference-for-cesarean-section-in-young-nulligravid-women-in-eight-oecd-countries-and-implications-for-reproductive-health-education
#15
Kathrin H Stoll, Yvonne L Hauck, Soo Downe, Deborah Payne, Wendy A Hall
BACKGROUND: Efforts to reduce unnecessary Cesarean sections (CS) in high and middle income countries have focused on changing hospital cultures and policies, care provider attitudes and behaviors, and increasing women's knowledge about the benefits of vaginal birth. These strategies have been largely ineffective. Despite evidence that women have well-developed preferences for mode of delivery prior to conceiving their first child, few studies and no interventions have targeted the next generation of maternity care consumers...
September 12, 2017: Reproductive Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28889814/distinguishing-postpartum-and-antepartum-depressive-trajectories-in-a-large-population-based-cohort-the-impact-of-exposure-to-adversity-and-offspring-gender
#16
C A Denckla, A D Mancini, N S Consedine, S M Milanovic, A Basu, S Seedat, G Spies, D C Henderson, G A Bonanno, K C Koenen
BACKGROUND: Distinguishing temporal patterns of depressive symptoms during pregnancy and after childbirth has important clinical implications for diagnosis, treatment, and maternal and child outcomes. The primary aim of the present study was to distinguish patterns of chronically elevated levels of depressive symptoms v. trajectories that are either elevated during pregnancy but then remit after childbirth, v. patterns that increase after childbirth. METHODS: The report uses latent growth mixture modeling in a large, population-based cohort (N = 12 121) to investigate temporal patterns of depressive symptoms...
September 11, 2017: Psychological Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28888919/patterns-of-perinatal-depression-and-stress-in-late-adolescent-and-young-adult-mothers
#17
Rosamar Torres, Deepika Goyal, Amanda C Burke-Aaronson, Caryl L Gay, Kathryn A Lee
OBJECTIVE: To compare symptoms of depression, maternal adjustment, and perceived stress in late adolescent and young adult mothers and to examine the patterns of these symptoms during the first 3 months after birth. DESIGN: Secondary analysis of extant longitudinal data. SETTING: San Francisco Bay Area, with participants in their home environments. PARTICIPANTS: Ethnically diverse women expecting their first infants recruited during the third trimester from childbirth education classes and antenatal clinics...
September 6, 2017: Journal of Obstetric, Gynecologic, and Neonatal Nursing: JOGNN
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28887835/prenatal-attitudes-toward-vaginal-delivery-and-actual-delivery-mode-variation-by-race-ethnicity-and-socioeconomic-status
#18
Laura B Attanasio, Rachel R Hardeman, Katy B Kozhimannil, Kristen H Kjerulff
OBJECTIVES: Researchers documenting persistent racial/ethnic and socioeconomic status disparities in chances of cesarean delivery have speculated that women's birth attitudes and preferences may partially explain these differences, but no studies have directly tested this hypothesis. We examined whether women's prenatal attitudes toward vaginal delivery differed by race/ethnicity or socioeconomic status, and whether attitudes were differently related to delivery mode depending on race/ethnicity or socioeconomic status...
September 9, 2017: Birth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28886034/determinants-of-maternal-near-miss-among-women-in-public-hospital-maternity-wards-in-northern-ethiopia-a-facility-based-case-control-study
#19
Dejene Ermias Mekango, Mussie Alemayehu, Gebremedhin Berhe Gebregergs, Araya Abrha Medhanyie, Gelila Goba
BACKGROUND: In Ethiopia, 20,000 women die each year from complications related to pregnancy, childbirth and post-partum. For every woman that dies, 20 more experience injury, infection, disease, or disability. "Maternal near miss" (MNM), defined by the World Health Organization (WHO) as a woman who nearly dies, but survives a complication during pregnancy, childbirth or within 42 days of a termination, is a proxy indicator of maternal mortality and quality of obstetric care. In Ethiopia, few studies have examined MNM...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28877749/women-s-determinant-factors-for-preferred-place-of-delivery-in-dodoma-region-tanzania-a-cross-sectional-study
#20
Agatha Fabian Ngowi, Switbert R Kamazima, Steven Kibusi, Ainory Gesase, Theodora Bali
BACKGROUND: Skilled birth attendance is one of the key factors in improving maternal health but less than 50% of women in sub-Saharan African countries do not have the opportunity to be attended to by skilled personnel during childbirth. The aim of the study was to assess the factors determining women's preference for a place to give birth in Dodoma Region, Tanzania. METHODS: This study employed a cross-sectional survey design using quantitative data collection and analysis methods...
September 6, 2017: Reproductive Health
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