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Childbirth educator

Lisa Cutajar, Allan M Cyna
The language structures used by antenatal educators have not been previously researched in the context of antenatal childbirth classes. Epidural analgesia for labour is a common, and a frequently asked about, component of antenatal education for parents in hospitals providing maternity care. AIM OF THE STUDY: We aimed to identify the way information is described and presented by childbirth educators to assess content and determine which language structures such as metaphor, suggestion, information and storytelling are utilized...
May 7, 2018: Midwifery
Barbara Mazurkiewicz, Małgorzata Stefaniak, Ewa Dmoch-Gajzlerska
BACKGROUND: As estimated from the number of published studies, in Poland the research into the perinatal care experiences of women with low vision or total blindness remains limited. OBJECTIVES: The purpose of the study was to fill this gap by investigating satisfaction with perinatal care received by women with visual impairment in four city hospitals in Warsaw, Poland, and to recommend, if required, modifications in midwives' education and care standards based on the women's perceptions and expectations...
June 12, 2018: Disability and Health Journal
Rahmatollah Moradzadeh, Parvaneh Golmohammadi, Mohammad Hassan Kazemi-Galougahi, Majid Sartipi, Hooshmand Sharfi, Mohammad Ahmadpour
The aim of this study is evaluation of breast cancer risk factors distribution in two groups of healthy people referral to cancer registry and Shahid Mottahari center in Iran. This study is cross-sectional study which is part of the study to estimate Gene-Environment Interaction in women with breast cancer with case-control studies in Shiraz. In this study, two control groups have been used. The sample size of 300 was specified for each group. Selection sources of groups include Cancer Registry Center and referred people to surgical and internal ward of Shahid Mottahari Clinic...
August 2018: Data in Brief
Muhammad Iftikhar Ul Husnain, Mudassar Rashid, Usman Shakoor
BACKGROUND: Pakistan ranks 149th in the maternal mortality ratio (MMR) and has failed to keep pace with other countries in the region, except Afghanistan, with respect to health indicators. Home deliveries are linked to a higher risk of maternal death; therefore, discouraging home deliveries is imperative to improve maternal health. This study provides a holistic view and analyses factors affecting home birth decisions within the context of maternal socio-demographic characteristics in Pakistan...
June 14, 2018: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth
Marion Ravit, Martine Audibert, Valéry Ridde, Myriam De Loenzien, Clémence Schantz, Alexandre Dumont
BACKGROUND: Benin and Mali introduced user fee exemption policies focused on caesarean sections (C-sections) in 2005 and 2009, respectively. These policies had a positive impact on access to C-sections and facility based deliveries among all women, but the impact on socioeconomic inequality is still highly uncertain. The objective of this study was to observe whether there was an increase or a decrease in urban/rural and socioeconomic inequalities in access to C-sections and facility based deliveries after the free C-section policy was introduced...
June 5, 2018: International Journal for Equity in Health
Anna E Austin, Jared W Parrish, Meghan E Shanahan
We examined preconception and prenatal predictors of time to first child protective services (CPS) contact among Alaska children. Data were from the Alaska Longitudinal Child Abuse and Neglect Linkage (ALCANLink) project, a population-representative data source linking 2009-2011 Alaska Pregnancy Risk Assessment Monitoring System (PRAMS) data with administrative data sources through 2015. We examined the incidence CPS contact using the Kaplan-Meier method and predictors of CPS contact using Cox proportional hazards regression...
June 2, 2018: Child Abuse & Neglect
Kali Vitek, L Monique Ward
Because portrayals of pregnancy and childbirth on reality television (TV) often highlight risk, drama, and the use of medical interventions, it is possible that exposure to this content could influence women's fear of childbirth and childbirth self-efficacy. To test this question, we conducted an experiment among 213 undergraduate women who were assigned to view a video clip of either medicalized births from reality TV, midwife-attended births from reality TV, or a neutral childbirth education clip. Findings indicated that childbirth attitudes did vary across conditions, with participants in the medicalized condition reporting the highest fear of childbirth and lowest childbirth self-efficacy...
June 5, 2018: Health Communication
Masoomeh Azimi, Fariba Fahami, Soheila Mohamadirizi
Background: Numerous empirical evidences have shown that social and environmental circumstances and social relations have an important impact on pregnancy outcomes, women's ability to cope with stressful situations, and childbirth pain management. The present study was conducted to determine the relationship between perceived social support and fear of childbirth. Materials and Methods: The present descriptive correlational study was conducted on 270 nulliparous pregnant women who referred for pregnancy care in 2016...
May 2018: Iranian Journal of Nursing and Midwifery Research
Mariko Nishikitani, Mariko Inoue, Shinobu Tsurugano
In this paper, we examine the trend in Japan towards nonregular employment and its effects on marriage, childbirth, and childcare from the viewpoint of a decreasing societal birthrate. Although the decision to marry includes personal values and preferences, socioeconomic status factors such as income and employment type are also associated with the determinants of marriage. Nonregular employment workers have a lower rate and motivation for marriage than regular workers. Thus, socioeconomic disparity caused by employment needs to be minimized through governmental measures and policies...
2018: Nihon Eiseigaku Zasshi. Japanese Journal of Hygiene
Go Muto, Kazuhito Yokoyama, Motoki Endo
Japan is currently facing serious social problems related to low birth rates and aging. We propose two possible solutions from the perspective of occupational health. First, companies should establish support systems to help working women with pregnancy and childbirth. Such systems would require the cooperation and understanding of coworkers, including men, and the introduction of flexible work schedules that are also designed to allow workers to care for family members with disabilities. Additionally, with regard to the protection and promotion of the fertility of working women, occupational health staff members should provide education to working women regarding appropriate lifestyle choices in areas such as diet, prevention of work-related health problems, and mental health before and after childbirth...
2018: Nihon Eiseigaku Zasshi. Japanese Journal of Hygiene
Larissa Pereira Falavina, Rosana Rosseto de Oliveira, Emiliana Cristina Melo, Patrícia Louise Rodrigues Varela, Thais Aidar de Freitas Mathias
Objective To analyze the occurrence, profile and main causes of hospitalization during pregnancy according to the type of childbirth financial coverage. Method A cross-sectional population-based study carried out with puerperal women through a stratified sample, calculated according to the hospital and the type of childbirth financial coverage source: public sector (SUS) or private (not SUS). The sociodemographic profile, the rate of obstetric complications and the causes of hospitalization were analyzed, coded according to International Classification of Diseases...
2018: Revista da Escola de Enfermagem da U S P
Sian Warriner, Catherine Crane, Maret Dymond, Adele Krusche
An evaluation of mindfulness-based childbirth and parenting courses for pregnant women and prospective fathers/partners within the UK NHS (MBCP-4-NHS). OBJECTIVE: To explore the usefulness within the National Health Service (NHS) of a brief (four week, ten hour) course based upon the Mindfulness Based Childbirth and Parenting (MBCP) programme (Duncan and Bardacke, 2010) described here as MBCP-4-NHS. BACKGROUND: The National Maternity Review (2016) and report of The Independent Mental Health Taskforce to the NHS (2016a, 2016b) in England highlight the need for significant investment into perinatal mental health services, with the Government pledging funding to improve such services through a range of measures...
May 26, 2018: Midwifery
Elin Marie Lindstad Løvåsmoen, Mari Nyland Bjørgo, Mirjam Lukasse, Berit Schei, Lena Henriksen
OBJECTIVES: The caesarean (CS) section rate varies among hospitals in Norway, and little is known about whether this is influenced by women's preferences. The aim of this study was to investigate the differences in women's preferred mode of delivery during pregnancy between five hospitals in Norway, and to relate this to the actual mode of delivery. STUDY DESIGN: A prospective cohort study of 2,177 unselected pregnant women in five hospitals in Norway. Women were recruited at their standard ultrasound examinations, and data was collected through questionnaires and electronic patient charts...
June 2018: Sexual & Reproductive Healthcare: Official Journal of the Swedish Association of Midwives
Yadlapalli Sriparvati Kusuma, Sonia Kaushal, Rishi Garg, Bontha Veerraju Babu
OBJECTIVE: The objective of this paper is to report birth preparedness and place of birth and its determinants among recent- and settled- migrant households living in slums of Delhi. METHODS: In a cross-sectional survey, 458 migrant mothers with a child aged below one year of age were identified. Socio-demographic details, data on the place of childbirth, antenatal care (ANC) and birth preparedness in terms of planning for home birth or hospital birth, transport, saving money, knowledge of danger signs were collected through interviewer-administered pretested questionnaire...
June 2018: Sexual & Reproductive Healthcare: Official Journal of the Swedish Association of Midwives
Marvesh M Mendhi, Kathleen B Cartmell, Susan D Newman, Shahirose Premji, Charlene Pope
BACKGROUND: Annually, up to 2.7 million neonatal deaths occur worldwide, and 25% of these deaths are caused by birth asphyxia. Infants born in rural areas of low-and-middle-income countries are often delivered by traditional birth attendants and have a greater risk of birth asphyxia-related mortality. AIM: This review will evaluate the effectiveness of neonatal resuscitation educational interventions in improving traditional birth attendants' knowledge, perceived self-efficacy, and infant mortality outcomes in low-and-middle-income countries...
May 21, 2018: Women and Birth: Journal of the Australian College of Midwives
Carine Asnong, Gracia Fellmeth, Emma Plugge, Nan San Wai, Mupawjay Pimanpanarak, Moo Kho Paw, Prakaykaew Charunwatthana, François Nosten, Rose McGready
BACKGROUND: Adolescent pregnancy remains a global health concern, contributing to 11% of all births worldwide and 23% of the overall burden of disease in girls aged 15-19 years. Premature motherhood can create a negative cycle of adverse health, economic and social outcomes for young women, their babies and families. Refugee and migrant adolescent girls might be particularly at risk due to poverty, poor education and health infrastructure, early marriage, limited access to contraception and traditional beliefs...
May 22, 2018: Reproductive Health
Cassandra Yuit Wah Wong, Shefaly Shorey, Kelly Liew, Hong-Gu He, Serena S L Koh
Midwives are advocates for parturients, and their actions and attitudes can influence a woman's experience during childbirth. Hence, it is valuable to examine midwives' perceptions of physiologic birth in an obstetric-led environment. A descriptive, qualitative study design was utilized. Semistructured face-to-face interviews were conducted with 10 registered midwives from the birthing suite of a public hospital in Singapore. Data were analyzed using thematic analysis. Three major themes were (1) perceptions of physiologic birth, (2) perceived facilitators of physiologic birth, and (3) perceived barriers to physiologic birth...
May 17, 2018: Journal of Perinatal & Neonatal Nursing
Stephanie Sayres, Lisa Visentin
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention and the American Academy of Pediatrics recommend exclusive breastfeeding for 6 months after an infant is born. Although the recommendations are well known, mothers face barriers that make breastfeeding difficult. This article reviews the recent literature on barriers to breastfeeding as well as strategies for pediatricians to use to help women overcome them. RECENT FINDINGS: The mode of delivery, mother's socioeconomic status, return to work, and prenatal breastfeeding education have been reported as factors that influence breastfeeding...
May 17, 2018: Current Opinion in Pediatrics
Zubairu Iliyasu, Hadiza S Galadanci, Khadija M Danlami, Hamisu M Salihu, Muktar H Aliyu
Practices related to resumption of coitus after childbirth remains poorly documented in Nigeria. This study examined factors associated with sexual intercourse, delivery-coitus interval, and contraceptive use among postpartum women attending a tertiary centre in Kano, northern Nigeria. A cross section of 317 women attending immunization, postnatal and family planning clinics within 12 months of childbirth was interviewed using a structured questionnaire. Vaginal intercourse was resumed by most women (n=212; 66...
March 2018: African Journal of Reproductive Health
Violet Naanyu, Joyce Baliddawa, Beatrice Koech, Julie Karfakis, Nancy Nyagoha
More than 95% of Kenyan women receive antenatal care (ANC) and only 62% access skilled delivery. To explore women's opinion on delivery location, 20 focus group discussions were conducted at an urban and rural setting in western Kenya. Participants included health care workers, traditional birth attendants (TBAs), and women who attended at least four ANC visits and delivered. Six in-depth interviews were also conducted with a combination of women who gave birth in a facility and at home. Discussions were digitally recorded and transcribed for analysis...
March 2018: African Journal of Reproductive Health
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