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Childbirth educator

Sanni Yaya, Ghose Bishwajit, Michael Ekholuenetale, Vaibhav Shah, Bernard Kadio, Ogochukwu Udenigwe
Background: As a signatory of the Millennium Development Goals, Ethiopia has made significant achievements towards meeting the maternal mortality related goals since 1990. Despite that, the country is still experiencing unacceptably high maternal mortality rates, and challenges to improving the coverage and utilisation of health facility delivery services which represent a key strategy to combat maternal mortality. Currently, there is limited evidence on the factors associated with health facility delivery in Ethiopia...
February 13, 2018: International Health
Tehzeeb Zulfiqar, Christopher J Nolan, Cathy Banwell, Rosemary Young, Lynelle Boisseau, Martha Ingle, Fiona E Lithander
Children of mothers affected by gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM) are at higher risk of long-term cardio-metabolic diseases. We explore the diet and physical activity knowledge and practices of Australian-born and overseas-born mothers with GDM history, for their three- to four-year-old children following antenatal health promotion education at a tertiary hospital. We conducted face-to-face, semi-structured interviews with 8 Australian-born and 15 overseas-born mothers with a history of GDM. Findings indicated that mothers of both groups were unaware of the increased health risks of their GDM for their children and could not recall receiving specific dietary or physical activity advice aimed at future child health...
January 1, 2018: Journal of Child Health Care: for Professionals Working with Children in the Hospital and Community
Jissa Vinoda Thulaseedharan
Background: As in other states of India, female sterilization is the most widely used contraceptive method in Kerala where women have higher levels of education compared to most other states in India. This paper describes the use and preferences of contraceptive methods among young married women in Trivandrum district, Kerala, India. Subjects and methods: A community-based cross-sectional survey was carried out among 203 young married women (18-28 years) during January-March 2015 using multistage cluster sampling method...
2018: Open Access Journal of Contraception
Monica M Rivera-Franco, Eucario Leon-Rodriguez
Breast cancer is the most common cancer in women in both developed and developing countries and the second most common cancer in the world. Developing countries are increasingly adopting a Western lifestyle, such as changes in diet and delayed first childbirth, lower parity, and shorter periods of breastfeeding, which are important determinants of a higher incidence of breast cancer among those regions. Low- and middle-income countries (LMICs) represent most of the countries with the highest mortality rates, ranging from 40% to 60%...
2018: Breast Cancer: Basic and Clinical Research
Urszula Sioma Markowska, Michalina Zyg, Bogumiła Kiełbratowska
OBJECTIVES: The aim of the study was to assess the occurrence of symptoms associated with the Couvade syndrome in two groups of men of Polish and Finnish nationality, and to perform a comparative analysis. MATERIAL AND METHODS: The study was conducted in two groups of men (expectant fathers): 51 Poles and 40 Finns using a self-constructed questionnaire prepared in Polish and English languages. The statistical analysis was performed in Micro-soft Office Excel 2010 and Statistica 12...
2018: Ginekologia Polska
Yu-Hsuan Wu, Yen-Ju Ho, Jo-Ping Han, Shu-Yueh Chen
BACKGROUND: World Health Organization (WHO) guidelines recommend that infants should be breastfed for six month after childbirth. The average duration of breastfeeding in Taiwan still falls short of this sixth-month timeline. In order to improve the duration of breastfeeding, it is crucial to understand the factors that affect related behavior. PURPOSE: To explore the effects of breastfeeding self-efficacy and breastfeeding intention among exclusive-breastfeeding women during the initial six months after childbirth and to verify the reliability and validity of the infant feeding intentions scale (Chinese version)...
February 2018: Hu Li za Zhi the Journal of Nursing
Ania Salem, Oriane Lacour, Stefano Scaringella, Josea Herinianasolo, Anne Caroline Benski, Giovanna Stancanelli, Pierre Vassilakos, Patrick Petignat, Nicole Christine Schmidt
BACKGROUND: Antenatal care (ANC) has the potential to identify and manage obstetric complications, educate women about risks during pregnancy and promote skilled birth attendance during childbirth. The aim of this study was to assess women's knowledge of obstetric danger signs and factors associated with this knowledge in Ambanja, Madagascar. It also sought to evaluate whether the participation in a mobile health (mHealth) project that aimed to provide comprehensive ANC to pregnant women in remote areas influenced women's knowledge of obstetric danger signs...
February 5, 2018: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth
Yogesh Sabde, Sarika Chaturvedi, Bharat Randive, Kristi Sidney, Mariano Salazar, Ayesha De Costa, Vishal Diwan
Bypassing health facilities for childbirth can be costly both for women and health systems. There have been some reports on this from Sub-Saharan African and from Nepal but none from India. India has implemented the Janani Suraksha Yojana (JSY), a large national conditional cash transfer program which has successfully increased the number of institutional births in India. This paper aims to study the extent of bypassing the nearest health facility offering intrapartum care in three districts of Madhya Pradesh, India, and to identify individual and facility determinants of bypassing in the context of the JSY program...
2018: PloS One
A Mohammed-Durosinlorun, J Adze, S Bature, A Abubakar, C Mohammed, M Taingson, A Ojabo
OBJECTIVES: The objectives of the study were to determine factors affecting the interval between a woman's last childbirth and the initiation of contraception. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This was a retrospective study. Family planning clinic records of the Barau Dikko Teaching Hospital Kaduna from January 2000 to March 2014 were retrieved. Information was collected on demographics, reproductive, and contraceptive history. Data were analyzed using the SPSS version 15 software, and missing responses were excluded...
December 2017: Nigerian Journal of Clinical Practice
N A Musau, M A Ntambue, K S Ilunga, M C Matungulu, M T Ilunga, T H Mundongo, K F Malonga
BACKGROUND: The aim of this study was to determine the user cost for obtaining obstetric and neonatal care during childbirth in the Jason Sendwe hospital in the city of Lubumbashi, Democratic Republic of Congo. METHODS: We conducted a cross-sectional study at the maternity of the Jason Sendwe hospital in Lubumbashi, reviewing charts and using a questionnaire given to 145 women who gave birth from 1st August to 30th September 2015. We calculated the cost based on the amounts paid by users for obtaining care, expressed in US dollars ($) at an exchange rate of 900 Congolese Francs (CDF) for $1...
January 19, 2018: Revue D'épidémiologie et de Santé Publique
Tienke Vermeiden, Floris Braat, Girmay Medhin, Asheber Gaym, Thomas van den Akker, Jelle Stekelenburg
BACKGROUND: Although Ethiopia is scaling up Maternity Waiting Homes (MWHs) to reduce maternal and perinatal mortality, women's use of MWHs varies markedly between facilities. To maximize MWH utilization, it is essential that policymakers are aware of supportive and inhibitory factors. This study had the objective to describe factors and perceived barriers associated with potential utilization of an MWH among recently delivered and pregnant women in Southern Ethiopia. METHODS: A community-based cross-sectional study was conducted between March and November 2014 among 428 recently delivered and pregnant women in the Eastern Gurage Zone, Southern Ethiopia, where an MWH was established for high-risk pregnant women to await onset of labour...
January 19, 2018: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth
Benjamin Tuschy, Sebastian Berlit, Paul Stützer, Stefanie Lis, Christian Schmahl, Ulf Baumgärtner, Marc Sütterlin
PURPOSE: To investigate psychosocial and biological parameters that may influence decision-making concerning the mode of delivery in women with caesarean section on maternal request (CSMR). METHODS: Two hundred and two women were enrolled prospectively. The study sample (n = 93) consisted of women who aimed for CSMR, the control sample were women who seeked for vaginal delivery (n = 109). Parturients of both samples were enrolled during the pre-birth counselling at the delivery room at the University Medical Centre Mannheim, University Heidelberg, Germany...
January 17, 2018: Archives of Gynecology and Obstetrics
Lisanne F de Graaff, Adriaan Honig, Mariëlle G van Pampus, Claire A I Stramrood
INTRODUCTION: Between 9 and 44% of women experience giving birth as traumatic, and 3% of women develop a posttraumatic stress disorder following childbirth. Knowledge on risk factors is abundant, but studies on treatment are limited. This study aimed to present an overview of means to prevent traumatic birth experiences and childbirth-related posttraumatic stress disorder. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Major databases (Cochrane; Embase; PsycINFO; PubMed (Medline)) were searched using combinations of the key words and their synonyms...
January 16, 2018: Acta Obstetricia et Gynecologica Scandinavica
Elyse Fortier, Angel M Foster
OBJECTIVES: Postpartum contraception plays a significant role in reducing subsequent pregnancy. However, young mothers in Ottawa, the capital of Canada, face various barriers when trying to access contraception after delivery. Through this project we aimed to explore these barriers and understand the decision-making processes of young mothers surrounding postpartum contraception. STUDY DESIGN: We conducted 10 semi-structured in-depth interviews with young mothers living in Ottawa who had experienced a subsequent pregnancy within 24 months of their first childbirth...
January 8, 2018: Contraception
Shefaly Shorey, Yvonne Peng Mei Ng, An Ling Siew, Joanne Yoong, Evalotte Mörelius
BACKGROUND: Supportive educational programs during the perinatal period are scarce in Singapore. There is no continuity of care available in terms of support from community care nurses in Singapore. Parents are left on their own most of the time, which results in a stressful transition to parenthood. There is a need for easily accessible technology-based educational programs that can support parents during this crucial perinatal period. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to describe the study protocol of a randomized controlled trial on a technology-based supportive educational parenting program...
January 10, 2018: JMIR Research Protocols
Gail Webber, Bwire Chirangi, Nyamusi Magatti
OBJECTIVE: To determine community member and policy maker priorities in improving maternal health in rural Tanzania. METHODS: The present participatory action research project was conducted in Rorya District, Mara Region, Tanzania, between November 20 and 25, 2015. A convenience sample of four community and one policy maker discussion groups were held to identify factors impacting on maternal health. The inclusion criterion for community members was a recent personal or partner experience with childbirth, or experience as a village leader...
January 8, 2018: International Journal of Gynaecology and Obstetrics
Rafaela Guilherme Monte Cassiano, Livio Provenzi, Maria Beatriz Martins Linhares, Claudia Maria Gaspardo, Rosario Montirosso
The main aim of the present study was to examine differences in behavioral problems in toddlers born very preterm in Brazil and Italy. The sample comprised 154 toddlers (18-24 months of age) born very preterm, including 76 toddlers from Brazil and 78 toddlers from Italy. The Child Behavior Checklist was used to assess behavioral problems. Specific sociodemographic factors (i.e., maternal age at childbirth and maternal education) and neonatal factors (i.e., gestational age, sex, and length of hospitalization) were tested as potential mediators of country-related differences in behavioral problems...
January 4, 2018: Infant Behavior & Development
Fatima Alzyoud, Kaveh Khoshnood, Ahlam Alnatour, Arwa Oweis
Women's relationship with health care providers in maternity settings during childbirth has a significant impact on their wellbeing and lives. The current study aims to explore women exposure to neglect and verbal abuse during childbirth METHOD: a retrospective cross-sectional descriptive design was conducted at four governmental Maternal and Child Health Centers (MCHCs). A final sample of 390 Jordanian women who gave birth within the last 1-3 months was included in the study. Childbirth Verbal Abuse and Neglect Questionnaire (CVANQ) were developed to collect the data...
December 14, 2017: Midwifery
Margaret E Kruk, Stephanie Kujawski, Godfrey Mbaruku, Kate Ramsey, Wema Moyo, Lynn P Freedman
Although qualitative studies have raised attention to humiliating treatment of women during labour and delivery, there are no reliable estimates of the prevalence of disrespectful and abusive treatment in health facilities. We measured the frequency of reported abusive experiences during facility childbirth in eight health facilities in Tanzania and examined associated factors. The study was conducted in rural northeastern Tanzania. Using a structured questionnaire, we interviewed women who had delivered in health facilities upon discharge and re-interviewed a randomly selected subset 5-10 weeks later in the community...
January 1, 2018: Health Policy and Planning
Vasundhara Kamineni, Anuradha D Murki, Venkata Lakshmi Kota
Background: Birth preparedness and complication readiness (BP/CR) is a strategy to promote the timely use of skilled maternal and neonatal care and is based on the theory that preparing for childbirth and being ready for complications reduce delay in obtaining care. Study Objective: The objective of this study was to evaluate the incidence and predictors of birth preparedness, knowledge on danger signs, and emergency readiness among pregnant women attending outpatient clinic of a tertiary care hospital...
April 2017: Journal of Family Medicine and Primary Care
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