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Childbirth educator

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28443976/women-s-autonomy-in-the-process-of-labour-and-childbirth-integrative-literature-review
#1
Thamiza Laureany da Rosa Dos Reis, Stela Maris de Mello Padoin, Thayla Rafaella Pasa Toebe, Cristiane Cardoso de Paula, Jacqueline Silveira de Quadros
Objective: To identify the available evidence in scientific literature on healthcare practices that interfere with the autonomy of Brazilian women in the labour and delivery process. Method: The search for papers was conducted in the databases LILACS, Scopus and PubMed, between 1996 and 2015, according to a guiding question and exclusion criteria, resulting in the selection of 22 papers to compose the analytic body. Results: The main practices that favoured the exercise of women's autonomy were out-of-hospital care practices; care practices of support and comfort; and educational care practices...
April 20, 2017: Revista Gaúcha de Enfermagem
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28434672/women-s-attitudes-towards-the-medicalization-of-childbirth-and-their-associations-with-planned-and-actual-modes-of-birth
#2
Yael Benyamini, Maya Lila Molcho, Uzi Dan, Miri Gozlan, Heidi Preis
PROBLEM: Rates of medical interventions in childbirth have greatly increased in the Western world. BACKGROUND: Women's attitudes affect their birth choices. AIM: To assess women's attitudes towards the medicalization of childbirth and their associations with women's background as well as their fear of birth and planned and unplanned modes of birth. METHODS: This longitudinal observational study included 836 parous woman recruited at women's health centres and natural birth communities in Israel...
April 20, 2017: Women and Birth: Journal of the Australian College of Midwives
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28411412/individual-differences-in-the-activity-of-the-hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal-axis-relations-to-age-and-cumulative-risk-in-early-childhood
#3
Steven J Holochwost, Jean-Louis Gariépy, W Roger Mills-Koonce, Cathi B Propper, Jacek Kolacz, Douglas A Granger
This study examined individual differences in the function of the hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal (HPA) axis with regard to age and cumulative risk during challenging laboratory tasks administered at 6, 12, 24, and 36 months. Saliva samples were collected from a majority-minority sample of N=185 children (57% African American, 50% female) prior to and following these tasks and later assayed for cortisol. Cumulative distal risk was indexed via a composite of maternal marital status, maternal education, income-to-needs ratio, the number of children in the household, and maternal age at childbirth...
March 24, 2017: Psychoneuroendocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28405115/acceptance-of-contraceptive-methods-among-postpartum-women-in-a-tertiary-care-center
#4
Charusheela Kashyap, Ipseeta Ray Mohanty, Pratima Thamke, Y A Deshmukh
BACKGROUND: In India, a large proportion of women with an unmet need for contraception are within their first year after childbirth. Therefore, concentrating efforts to educate postpartum women on the importance of attending contraceptive clinics could have a proportionally bigger impact on increasing postpartum contraception usage. METHODS: Hundred and seventy-eight (178) women were followed up to determine the proportion of postpartum women who attended the family planning clinics for contraceptive counseling...
April 2017: Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology of India
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28403314/implementation-of-care-practices-to-prevent-and-repair-perineal-trauma-in-childbirth
#5
Rafael Cleison Silva Dos Santos, Maria Luiza Gonzalez Riesco
Objective: To implement care practices for perineal trauma prevention and repairing in normal birth. Method: Quasi-experimental study conducted at Hospital da Mulher Mãe-Luzia, in Macapá, AP, Brazil. Seventy-four (74) nurses and obstetricians and 70 post-partum women were interviewed and the records of 555 patients were analyzed. The study was conducted in three stages: pre-audit and baseline audit (phase 1); educational intervention and implementation of best practices (phase 2); post-implementation audit (phase 3)...
April 6, 2017: Revista Gaúcha de Enfermagem
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28381932/postpartum-sexual-functioning-and-its-predicting-factors-among-iranian-women
#6
Nazanin Rezaei, Arman Azadi, Kourosh Sayehmiri, Reza Valizadeh
BACKGROUND: Many women experience sexual dysfunction following childbirth but this has not been well investigated in Iran. The aim of this study was to evaluate women's sexual function in the postpartum period in Iran. It also sought to determine predicting factors associated with their sexual function. METHODS: This was a cross-sectional study among 380 postpartum women attending 10 urban health centers in Ilam province in southwestern Iran. Participants were selected using random cluster sampling...
March 2017: Malaysian Journal of Medical Sciences: MJMS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28376699/women-s-acute-anxiety-variations-before-and-after-epidural-anesthesia-for-childbirth
#7
Francisco J Fernández-Campos, Dolores Escrivá, José M Palanca, Francisca Ridocci, Carlos Barrios, Juan Gallego
OBJECTIVE: This study assessed changes in anxiety during different phases of childbirth in a sample of women demanding epidural anesthesia. DESIGN: Prospective, longitudinal case series. SAMPLE: A total of 133 women who demanded epidural anesthesia for childbirth answered the questionnaires. METHODS: Anxiety state was measured using the State Trait Anxiety Inventory (STAI) questionnaire. The STAI-S (anxiety state) was administered in three phases during childbirth: Phase 1 was before applying epidural anesthesia, Phase 2 was 45 min after the application of epidural anesthesia and Phase 3 was at less than 24 h after delivery...
June 2017: Journal of Psychosomatic Obstetrics and Gynaecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28364312/physical-and-social-characteristics-and-support-needs-of-adult-female-childhood-cancer-survivors-who-underwent-hormone-replacement-therapy
#8
Akiko Tomioka, Mitsue Maru, Kenichi Kashimada, Hideya Sakakibara
BACKGROUND: Female childhood cancer survivors who develop gonadal dysfunction require female hormone replacement therapy (HRT) from puberty until menopause. However, the support provided in such cases has not been studied. We investigated the physical and social characteristics and support needs of adult female childhood cancer survivors who underwent HRT. METHODS: Forty-nine adult female childhood cancer survivors completed self-administered questionnaires. We compared the clinical characteristics, health status, and social conditions between a group that underwent HRT and a group that did not, and we surveyed support needs of the group that underwent HRT...
March 31, 2017: International Journal of Clinical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28347949/perinatal-and-postnatal-risk-factors-for-disruptive-mood-dysregulation-disorder-at-age-11-2004-pelotas-birth-cohort-study
#9
Tiago N Munhoz, Iná S Santos, Aluísio J D Barros, Luciana Anselmi, Fernando C Barros, Alicia Matijasevich
BACKGROUND: To date, there have been few studies of DMDD examining the risk factors during gestation and during the first years of life. We assessed the perinatal and postnatal risk factors associated with the occurrence of disruptive mood dysregulation disorder (DMDD) by 11 years of age. METHODS: Prospective longitudinal study. Mothers completed a standardized questionnaire shortly after childbirth. We used the Development and Well-Being Assessment, administered to the mothers or legal guardians, to identify DMDD among the 11-year-old subjects...
March 19, 2017: Journal of Affective Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28331630/factors-affecting-deliveries-attended-by-skilled-birth-attendants-in-bangladesh
#10
Gulam Muhammed Al Kibria, Swagata Ghosh, Shakir Hossen, Rifath Ara Alam Barsha, Atia Sharmeen, S M Iftekhar Uddin
BACKGROUND: The presence of skilled birth attendants (SBAs) is crucial in childbirth to reduce the maternal mortality ratio (MMR) and to achieve the maternal mortality target of the United Nations' Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs). The aim of this study was to investigate the factors related to childbirths attended by SBAs in Bangladesh. METHODS: Data from the Bangladesh Demographic and Health Survey (2014 BDHS) were analyzed. Logistic regression was applied to calculate crude odds ratios (CORs), adjusted odds ratios (AORs), 95% confidence intervals (CIs), and p-values...
2017: Maternal Health, Neonatology and Perinatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28329433/understanding-maternal-postpartum-needs-a-descriptive-survey-of-current-maternal-health-services
#11
Mona Ma Almalik
OBJECTIVE: To assess mothers' learning needs and concerns after giving birth and to examine whether these needs were met at 6-8 weeks postpartum. BACKGROUND: Women experience many physiologic and psychological changes during postpartum period which is considered a vital transitional time. Exploring and meeting women's needs help woman to pass this period with little complications and enhance health care provider's ability to provide appropriate care following childbirth...
March 22, 2017: Journal of Clinical Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28327154/the-effect-of-social-behavior-change-communication-package-on-maternal-knowledge-in-obstetric-danger-signs-among-mothers-in-east-mamprusi-district-of-ghana
#12
Mahama Saaka, Paul Aryee, Robert Kuganab-Lem, Mohammed Ali, Abdul Razak Masahudu
BACKGROUND: An understanding of maternal knowledge of the danger signs of obstetric and newborn complications is fundamental to attaining universal health coverage. In Northern Ghana, where maternal and newborn morbidity and mortality is high, little is known about the current knowledge level and associated determinants of these danger signs. This study assessed the effect of social behavior change communication (SBCC) package on knowledge of obstetric and newborn danger signs among mothers with children under 24 months of age...
March 21, 2017: Globalization and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28323860/disrespect-and-abuse-of-women-during-childbirth-in-nigeria-a-systematic-review
#13
Foluso Ishola, Onikepe Owolabi, Veronique Filippi
BACKGROUND: Promoting respectful care at childbirth is important to improve quality of care and encourage women to utilize skilled delivery services. However, there has been a relative lack of public health research on this topic in Nigeria. A systematic review was conducted to synthesize current evidence on disrespect and abuse of women during childbirth in Nigeria in order to understand its nature and extent, contributing factors and consequences, and propose solutions. METHODS: Five electronic databases were searched for relevant published studies, and five data sources for additional grey literature...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28303340/the-influence-of-the-systematic-birth-preparation-program-on-childbirth-satisfaction
#14
Aysu Akca, Aytul Corbacioglu Esmer, Eser Sefik Ozyurek, Arife Aydin, Nazli Korkmaz, Husnu Gorgen, Ozgur Akbayir
PURPOSE: The primary purpose of this study was to assess the influence of a systematic multidisciplinary birth preparation program on satisfaction with childbirth experience. A secondary aim was to detect factors that affect the childbirth satisfaction. METHODS: In this prospective study, 77 pregnant women who completed the 4-month birth preparation program (Group 1) and 75 women in the control group (Group 2) were asked to fill out two questionnaires with face-to-face interviews within 48 h after labor...
March 16, 2017: Archives of Gynecology and Obstetrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28301335/interdisciplinary-collaboration-in-maternal-mental-health
#15
Nancy Selix, Erin Henshaw, Alinne Barrera, Luba Botcheva, Erin Huie, Gabrielle Kaufman
One out of every five to seven births is affected by postpartum depression, making it the most common maternal health problem in the first year after childbirth. Early identification and treatment are essential, though screening and treatment rates are low. Factors that inhibit effective screening and treatment include lack of uniform screening policies in all maternal health settings, poor coordination of care between primary care and mental health services, coordination of community education efforts and resources, social stigma surrounding mental health treatment, and ineffective application of research and technology in the clinical setting...
March 15, 2017: MCN. the American Journal of Maternal Child Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28282777/comparing-the-effect-of-e-learning-and-educational-booklet-on-the-childbirth-self-efficacy-a-randomized-controlled-clinical-trial
#16
Parastoo Abbasi, Sakineh Mohammad-Alizadeh Charandabi, Mojgan Mirghafourvand
PURPOSE: This study aimed to compare the effect of e-learning and educational booklet on the childbirth self-efficacy (CBSE). METHODS: This randomized controlled clinical trial was conducted on 153 pregnant women referred to health centers in the city of Miandoab, Iran in 2015-2016. Participants were assigned into two intervention groups (e-learning and educational booklet) and the control group. A single face-to-face session was held for intervention groups about the management of labor pain in 30-34 weeks of pregnancy and the booklet and software were provided...
February 28, 2017: Journal of Maternal-fetal & Neonatal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28278013/improving-postnatal-check-ups-for-mothers-in-west-africa-a-multilevel-analysis
#17
Bola Lukman Solanke, Emmanuel O Amoo, Adenike Esther Idowu
This study examined multilevel factors related to postnatal check-ups for mothers in selected West African countries. The study analyzed data from Demographic and Health Surveys (DHS) for five West African countries: Sierra Leone (2013), Cote d'Ivoire (2012), Guinea (2012), Niger (2012) and Liberia (2013). The weighted sample sizes were 2125 (Cote d'Ivoire), 2908 (Guinea), 1905 (Liberia), 5660 (Niger) and 3754 (Sierra Leone). The outcome variable was maternal postnatal check-ups. The explanatory variables were community and individual/household characteristics...
February 7, 2017: Women & Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28263726/prevalence-and-predictors-of-breastfeeding-after-childhood-abuse
#18
Meghan Eagen-Torkko, Lisa Kane Low, Ruth Zielinski, Julia S Seng
OBJECTIVE: To describe the prevalence and predictors of breastfeeding intent and outcomes in women with histories of childhood maltreatment trauma (CMT), including those with posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD). DESIGN: Secondary analysis of a prospective observational cohort study of the effects of PTSD on perinatal outcomes. SETTING: Prenatal clinics in three health systems in the Midwestern United States. PARTICIPANTS: Women older than 18 years expecting their first infants, comprising three groups: women who experienced CMT but did not have PTSD (CMT-resilient), women with a history of CMT and PTSD (CMT-PTSD), and women with no history of CMT (CMT-nonexposed)...
March 2, 2017: Journal of Obstetric, Gynecologic, and Neonatal Nursing: JOGNN
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28244065/breastfeeding-education-and-support-for-women-with-twins-or-higher-order-multiples
#19
REVIEW
Heather M Whitford, Selina K Wallis, Therese Dowswell, Helen M West, Mary J Renfrew
BACKGROUND: There are rising rates of multiple births worldwide with associated higher rates of complications and more hospital care, often due to prematurity. While there is strong evidence about the risks of not breastfeeding, rates of breastfeeding in women who have given birth to more than one infant are lower than with singleton births. Breastfeeding more than one infant can be more challenging because of difficulties associated with the birth or prematurity. The extra demands on the mother of frequent suckling, coordinating the needs of more than one infant or admission to the neonatal intensive care unit can lead to delayed initiation or early cessation...
February 28, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28231285/the-mother-s-autonomy-in-decision-making-madm-scale-patient-led-development-and-psychometric-testing-of-a-new-instrument-to-evaluate-experience-of-maternity-care
#20
Saraswathi Vedam, Kathrin Stoll, Kelsey Martin, Nicholas Rubashkin, Sarah Partridge, Dana Thordarson, Ganga Jolicoeur
OBJECTIVE: To develop and validate a new instrument that assesses women's autonomy and role in decision making during maternity care. DESIGN: Through a community-based participatory research process, service users designed, content validated, and administered a cross-sectional quantitative survey, including 31 items on the experience of decision-making. SETTING AND PARTICIPANTS: Pregnancy experiences (n = 2514) were reported by 1672 women who saw a single type of primary maternity care provider in British Columbia...
2017: PloS One
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