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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28510640/increased-risk-of-premature-death-following-teenage-abortion-and-childbirth-a-longitudinal-cohort-study
#1
Eerika Jalanko, Suvi Leppälahti, Oskari Heikinheimo, Mika Gissler
Teenage pregnancy is associated with an increased risk of premature death. However, it is not known whether the outcome of pregnancy, i.e. induced abortion or childbirth, affects this risk. A Finnish population-based register study involving a cohort of 13 691 nulliparous teenagers who conceived in 1987-89; 6652 of them underwent induced abortion and 7039 delivered. The control group consisted of 41 012 coeval women without teenage pregnancy. Follow-up started at the end of pregnancy and lasted until 6th June 2013...
May 16, 2017: European Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28501830/views-of-japanese-medical-students-on-the-work-life-balance-of-female-physicians
#2
Keiko Takahashi, Tomoni Nin, Megumi Akano, Yukiko Hasuike, Hiroko Iijima, Keiichirou Suzuki
Objectives: To survey medical students on their ideas of future work-life balance and discuss topics for next-generation medical education. Methods: First-year (n=372, 34.9% female) and sixth-year medical students (n=311, 44.1% female) responded to a questionnaire on future self, marriage and childcare, and gender differences at the workplace. Responses were compared between academic years and gender. Responses were evaluated by gender and academic year using the Mann-Whitney U test...
May 11, 2017: International Journal of Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28499376/benefits-of-preparing-for-childbirth-with-mindfulness-training-a-randomized-controlled-trial-with-active-comparison
#3
Larissa G Duncan, Michael A Cohn, Maria T Chao, Joseph G Cook, Jane Riccobono, Nancy Bardacke
BACKGROUND: Childbirth fear is linked with lower labor pain tolerance and worse postpartum adjustment. Empirically validated childbirth preparation options are lacking for pregnant women facing this problem. Mindfulness approaches, now widely disseminated, can alleviate symptoms of both chronic and acute pain and improve psychological adjustment, suggesting potential benefit when applied to childbirth education. METHODS: This study, the Prenatal Education About Reducing Labor Stress (PEARLS) study, is a randomized controlled trial (RCT; n = 30) of a short, time-intensive, 2...
May 12, 2017: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28494388/skills-based-childbirth-preparation-reduces-stress-for-midwives
#4
Anne M Howarth, Kate M Scott, Nicola R Swain
OBJECTIVE: to explore the potential benefits of skills-based childbirth preparation on the work related stress levels of midwives. DESIGN: a questionnaire was sent out to midwives who had clients participating in an RCT of an education package for childbirth preparation (The Pink Kit (PK) Method for Birthing Better®) delivered to parents. SETTING: midwives were in private practice and acted as lead maternity carers to New Zealand first time mothers...
May 3, 2017: Midwifery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28491133/the-way-forward
#5
Sandra A Lowe
Improving maternal health and reducing maternal morbidity and mortality into the future will require a range of health-related and non-health-related strategies. The latter include education for women, better communication, access to transport and technology and cultural change. The role of obstetric medicine practice, research and education in achieving these objectives is discussed in this article. We need to recognise that it will require improvements in health provision and access to achieve our goal of safer childbirth for women and babies throughout the world...
March 2017: Obstetric Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28479891/child-marriage-and-maternal-health-risks-among-young-mothers-in-gombi-adamawa-state-nigeria-implications-for-mortality-entitlements-and-freedoms
#6
Olaide Adedokun, Oluwagbemiga Adeyemi, Cholli Dauda
BACKGROUND: Efforts toward liberation of the girl-child from the shackles of early marriage have continued to be resisted through tradition, culture and religion in some parts of Nigeria. OBJECTIVE: This study therefore examines the maternal health implications of early marriage on young mothers in the study area. METHODS: Multistage sampling technique was employed to obtained data from 200 young mothers aged 15-24 years who married before aged 16 years...
December 2016: African Health Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28472859/lifestyle-interventions-for-the-treatment-of-women-with-gestational-diabetes
#7
REVIEW
Julie Brown, Nisreen A Alwan, Jane West, Stephen Brown, Christopher Jd McKinlay, Diane Farrar, Caroline A Crowther
BACKGROUND: Gestational diabetes (GDM) is glucose intolerance, first recognised in pregnancy and usually resolving after birth. GDM is associated with both short- and long-term adverse effects for the mother and her infant. Lifestyle interventions are the primary therapeutic strategy for many women with GDM. OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the effects of combined lifestyle interventions with or without pharmacotherapy in treating women with gestational diabetes. SEARCH METHODS: We searched the Pregnancy and Childbirth Group's Trials Register (14 May 2016), ClinicalTrials...
May 4, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28471260/exploring-men-s-pregnancy-planning-behaviour-and-fertility-knowledge-a-survey-among-fathers-in-sweden
#8
Maja Bodin, Lisa Käll, Tanja Tydén, Jenny Stern, Jennifer Drevin, Margareta Larsson
INTRODUCTION: Research about pregnancy-planning behaviour mostly focuses on women, even though pregnancy planning usually also concerns men. The purpose of this study was to investigate how men plan for family, and to measure their fertility knowledge after having become fathers. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Data were collected in 2014 as part of a Swedish longitudinal pregnancy-planning study. Men were recruited through their female partner one year after childbirth. Participants were asked to fill out a questionnaire about pregnancy planning, lifestyles, and fertility...
May 4, 2017: Upsala Journal of Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28468746/meeting-the-needs-of-mothers-during-the-postpartum-period-using-co-creation-workshops-to-find-technological-solutions
#9
Justine Slomian, Patrick Emonts, Lara Vigneron, Alessandro Acconcia, Jean-Yves Reginster, Mina Oumourgh, Olivier Bruyère
BACKGROUND: The postnatal period is associated with many new needs for mothers. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to find technological solutions that meet the needs of mothers during the year following childbirth. METHODS: Two co-creation workshops were undertaken with parents and professionals. The aim of the first workshop was to create a list of all the criteria the proposed solution would have to address to meet the needs of mothers after childbirth...
May 3, 2017: JMIR Research Protocols
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28465800/the-role-of-fear-of-childbirth-in-pregnancy-related-anxiety-in-iranian-women-a-qualitative-research
#10
Katayoun Arfaie, Fatemeh Nahidi, Masoumeh Simbar, Maryam Bakhtiari
INTRODUCTION: Anxiety disorders have severe complications for a mother and her developing baby. A few studies have focused on pregnancy related anxiety and its risk factors including fear of childbirth. Therefore, the current study aimed to explore components and dimensions of this kind of anxiety. METHODS: This qualitative study (conventional content analysis) was conducted with mothers who referred to health care centers from May to December, 2015. In order to collect data, purposive sampling and face-to-face semi-structured in-depth interviews were used...
February 2017: Electronic Physician
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28464884/risk-factors-for-postpartum-depression-among-chinese-women-path-model-analysis
#11
Shiping Liu, Yan Yan, Xiao Gao, Shiting Xiang, Tingting Sha, Guangyu Zeng, Qiong He
BACKGROUND: Postpartum depression causes harm to both mothers and infants. The purpose of this study was to find out several potential risk factors, and to identify the intrinsic interrelationships between factors and postpartum depression by constructing a path model. The results of this study may help to control the increasing incidence of maternal postpartum depression. METHODS: The study was based on a sample of mothers from a cross-sectional study which was set up at 4 weeks after a mother had childbirth and was conducted in three streets at Kaifu District of Changsha in Hunan province from January to December 2015...
May 2, 2017: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28455080/the-maternal-childbirth-experience-more-than-a-decade-after-delivery
#12
Carla M Bossano, Kelly M Townsend, Alexandra C Walton, Joan L Blomquist, Victoria L Handa
BACKGROUND: Maternal satisfaction with the birth experience is multidimensional and influenced by many factors, including mode of delivery. To date, few studies have investigated maternal satisfaction outside of the immediate postpartum period. OBJECTIVE: This study investigated whether differences in satisfaction based on mode of delivery are observed more than a decade after delivery. STUDY DESIGN: This was a planned, supplementary analysis of data collected for the Mothers' Outcomes after Delivery (MOAD) study, a longitudinal cohort study of pelvic floor disorders in parous women and their association with mode of delivery...
April 25, 2017: American Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28443976/women-s-autonomy-in-the-process-of-labour-and-childbirth-integrative-literature-review
#13
Thamiza Laureany da Rosa Dos Reis, Stela Maris de Mello Padoin, Thayla Rafaella Pasa Toebe, Cristiane Cardoso de Paula, Jacqueline Silveira de Quadros
Objective: To identify the available evidence in scientific literature on healthcare practices that interfere with the autonomy of Brazilian women in the labour and delivery process. Method: The search for papers was conducted in the databases LILACS, Scopus and PubMed, between 1996 and 2015, according to a guiding question and exclusion criteria, resulting in the selection of 22 papers to compose the analytic body. Results: The main practices that favoured the exercise of women's autonomy were out-of-hospital care practices; care practices of support and comfort; and educational care practices...
April 20, 2017: Revista Gaúcha de Enfermagem
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28434672/women-s-attitudes-towards-the-medicalization-of-childbirth-and-their-associations-with-planned-and-actual-modes-of-birth
#14
Yael Benyamini, Maya Lila Molcho, Uzi Dan, Miri Gozlan, Heidi Preis
PROBLEM: Rates of medical interventions in childbirth have greatly increased in the Western world. BACKGROUND: Women's attitudes affect their birth choices. AIM: To assess women's attitudes towards the medicalization of childbirth and their associations with women's background as well as their fear of birth and planned and unplanned modes of birth. METHODS: This longitudinal observational study included 836 parous woman recruited at women's health centres and natural birth communities in Israel...
April 20, 2017: Women and Birth: Journal of the Australian College of Midwives
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28411412/individual-differences-in-the-activity-of-the-hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal-axis-relations-to-age-and-cumulative-risk-in-early-childhood
#15
Steven J Holochwost, Jean-Louis Gariépy, W Roger Mills-Koonce, Cathi B Propper, Jacek Kolacz, Douglas A Granger
This study examined individual differences in the function of the hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal (HPA) axis with regard to age and cumulative risk during challenging laboratory tasks administered at 6, 12, 24, and 36 months. Saliva samples were collected from a majority-minority sample of N=185 children (57% African American, 50% female) prior to and following these tasks and later assayed for cortisol. Cumulative distal risk was indexed via a composite of maternal marital status, maternal education, income-to-needs ratio, the number of children in the household, and maternal age at childbirth...
March 24, 2017: Psychoneuroendocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28405115/acceptance-of-contraceptive-methods-among-postpartum-women-in-a-tertiary-care-center
#16
Charusheela Kashyap, Ipseeta Ray Mohanty, Pratima Thamke, Y A Deshmukh
BACKGROUND: In India, a large proportion of women with an unmet need for contraception are within their first year after childbirth. Therefore, concentrating efforts to educate postpartum women on the importance of attending contraceptive clinics could have a proportionally bigger impact on increasing postpartum contraception usage. METHODS: Hundred and seventy-eight (178) women were followed up to determine the proportion of postpartum women who attended the family planning clinics for contraceptive counseling...
April 2017: Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology of India
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28403314/implementation-of-care-practices-to-prevent-and-repair-perineal-trauma-in-childbirth
#17
Rafael Cleison Silva Dos Santos, Maria Luiza Gonzalez Riesco
Objective: To implement care practices for perineal trauma prevention and repairing in normal birth. Method: Quasi-experimental study conducted at Hospital da Mulher Mãe-Luzia, in Macapá, AP, Brazil. Seventy-four (74) nurses and obstetricians and 70 post-partum women were interviewed and the records of 555 patients were analyzed. The study was conducted in three stages: pre-audit and baseline audit (phase 1); educational intervention and implementation of best practices (phase 2); post-implementation audit (phase 3)...
April 6, 2017: Revista Gaúcha de Enfermagem
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28381932/postpartum-sexual-functioning-and-its-predicting-factors-among-iranian-women
#18
Nazanin Rezaei, Arman Azadi, Kourosh Sayehmiri, Reza Valizadeh
BACKGROUND: Many women experience sexual dysfunction following childbirth but this has not been well investigated in Iran. The aim of this study was to evaluate women's sexual function in the postpartum period in Iran. It also sought to determine predicting factors associated with their sexual function. METHODS: This was a cross-sectional study among 380 postpartum women attending 10 urban health centers in Ilam province in southwestern Iran. Participants were selected using random cluster sampling...
March 2017: Malaysian Journal of Medical Sciences: MJMS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28376699/women-s-acute-anxiety-variations-before-and-after-epidural-anesthesia-for-childbirth
#19
Francisco J Fernández-Campos, Dolores Escrivá, José M Palanca, Francisca Ridocci, Carlos Barrios, Juan Gallego
OBJECTIVE: This study assessed changes in anxiety during different phases of childbirth in a sample of women demanding epidural anesthesia. DESIGN: Prospective, longitudinal case series. SAMPLE: A total of 133 women who demanded epidural anesthesia for childbirth answered the questionnaires. METHODS: Anxiety state was measured using the State Trait Anxiety Inventory (STAI) questionnaire. The STAI-S (anxiety state) was administered in three phases during childbirth: Phase 1 was before applying epidural anesthesia, Phase 2 was 45 min after the application of epidural anesthesia and Phase 3 was at less than 24 h after delivery...
June 2017: Journal of Psychosomatic Obstetrics and Gynaecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28364312/physical-and-social-characteristics-and-support-needs-of-adult-female-childhood-cancer-survivors-who-underwent-hormone-replacement-therapy
#20
Akiko Tomioka, Mitsue Maru, Kenichi Kashimada, Hideya Sakakibara
BACKGROUND: Female childhood cancer survivors who develop gonadal dysfunction require female hormone replacement therapy (HRT) from puberty until menopause. However, the support provided in such cases has not been studied. We investigated the physical and social characteristics and support needs of adult female childhood cancer survivors who underwent HRT. METHODS: Forty-nine adult female childhood cancer survivors completed self-administered questionnaires. We compared the clinical characteristics, health status, and social conditions between a group that underwent HRT and a group that did not, and we surveyed support needs of the group that underwent HRT...
March 31, 2017: International Journal of Clinical Oncology
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