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Childbirth educator

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29680079/pregnancy-associated-pelvic-floor-health-knowledge-and-reduction-of-symptoms-the-prepared-randomized-controlled-trial
#1
Momoe T Hyakutake, Vanessa Han, Lauren Baerg, Nicole A Koenig, Geoffrey W Cundiff, Terry Lee, Roxana Geoffrion
OBJECTIVES: Pregnancy and childbirth can lead to pelvic floor disorders, yet this topic is not routine in antenatal education. We aimed to determine the impact of a pregnancy workshop on women's postpartum pelvic floor health knowledge, performance of pelvic floor muscle exercises (PFME), symptoms, condition-specific quality of life, mode of delivery, and satisfaction. METHODS: This was a RCT. Pregnant primiparous women in a tertiary care centre received a pelvic floor health workshop intervention versus routine prenatal care...
April 2018: Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology Canada: JOGC, Journal D'obstétrique et Gynécologie du Canada: JOGC
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29664546/the-role-of-the-gynaecologist-in-the-promotion-and-maintenance-of-oral-health-during-pregnancy
#2
Angelika Kobylińska, Nicole Sochacki-Wójcicka, Natalia Dacyna, Magdalena Trzaska, Anna Zawadzka, Dariusz Gozdowski, Mirosław Wielgoś, Dorota Olczak-Kowalczyk
OBJECTIVES: The aim of the study was to assess routine dental examination attendance of pregnant women and a possible impact of gynaecological referrals on the attendance rate. MATERIAL AND METHODS: An electronic survey was conducted that was inclusive of women up to 5 years following delivery. The questions related to socio-demographic data, the course of pregnancy and childbirth, and visits to dental office during pregnancy. For statistical analysis, the authors utilized the chi-square test, Spearman's rank correlation coefficient and odds ratios...
2018: Ginekologia Polska
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29661240/access-factors-linked-to-maternal-deaths-in-lundazi-district-eastern-province-of-zambia-a-case-control-study-analysing-maternal-death-reviews
#3
Nkumbula Moyo, Mpundu Makasa, Mumbi Chola, Patrick Musonda
BACKGROUND: Access factors associated with maternal death are important to understand because they are considered to be an essential measure of women's health and indicative of the performance of health care systems in any community globally. This study aimed to analyse the access risk factors linked to maternal deaths in Lundazi district of the Eastern Province of Zambia using secondary data obtained from maternal death reviews and delivery registers. METHODS: This was a case-control study with cases being recorded maternal deaths for Lundazi district (n = 100) while controls were randomly selected Lundazi District Hospital deliveries (n = 300) for the period 2010 to 2015...
April 16, 2018: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29660573/midwifery-in-iceland-from-vocational-training-to-university-education
#4
Olof A Olafsdottir, Hildur Kristjansdottir, Berglind Halfdansdottir, Helga Gottfredsdottir
Midwifery education is a foundation for health professionals' competence in providing quality healthcare for the benefit of women, their families and society. This paper describes midwifery and the development of midwifery education in Iceland. It examines policy and extensive reforms, from hospital-based vocational training in midwifery to an academic university education, and the impact on the scope of midwifery practice in Iceland. The university-based programme, with its emphasis on autonomy of the midwife, seems to have affected the context of home birth and strengthened midwives' role in primary healthcare...
April 3, 2018: Midwifery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29651427/do-mothers-with-lower-socioeconomic-status-contribute-to-the-rate-of-all-cause-child-mortality-in-kazakhstan
#5
Fei Yu, Ziqi Yan, Run Pu, Shangfeng Tang, Bishwajit Ghose, Rui Huang
Background: This study aimed to explore whether or not mothers with higher educational and wealth status report lower rate of child mortality compared to those with less advantageous socioeconomic situation. Methods: Data used were cross-sectional and collected from Multiple Indicator Cluster Survey in Kazakhstan conducted in 2015. Subjects experiencing childbirth were 9278 women aging between 15 and 49 years. The associations between maternal education and household wealth status with child mortality were examined by multivariate analytical methods...
2018: BioMed Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29650187/the-influence-of-adolescent-postpartum-women-s-psychosocial-condition-on-mother-infant-bonding
#6
Ariani Fatmawati, Imami Nur Rachmawati, Tri Budiati
OBJECTIVE: To identify the correlation between the psychosocial condition of adolescent women in the postpartum period and mother-infant bonding. METHOD: This study used a cross-sectional design. Using a consecutive sampling method, 103 adolescent women with a 1- to 12-week-old baby were recruited. Participants completed the postpartum bonding questionnaire to identify mother-infant bonding. This questionnaire included four dimensions: the relationship between mother and baby, baby acceptance, readiness to perform maintenance, and delivery of comfort...
February 2018: Enfermería Clínica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29614971/paradox-lost-on-the-u-s-mexico-border-u-s-latinas-and-cesarean-rates
#7
Theresa Morris, Amanda Gomez, Miriam Naiman-Sessions, Christine H Morton
BACKGROUND: We apply Intersectional Theory to examine how compounded disadvantage affects the odds of women having a cesarean in U.S.-Mexico border hospitals and in non-border hospitals. We define U.S. Latinas with compounded disadvantage as those who have neither a college education nor private health insurance. RESULTS: Analyzing quantitative and qualitative data from Childbirth Connection's Listening to Mothers III Survey, we find that, consistent with the notion of the Latinx Health Paradox, compounded disadvantage serves as a protective buffer and decreases the odds of cesarean among women in non-border hospitals...
April 3, 2018: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29587802/disrespect-and-abuse-of-women-during-the-process-of-childbirth-in-the-2015-pelotas-birth-cohort
#8
Marilia Arndt Mesenburg, Cesar Gomes Victora, Suzzane Jacob Serruya, Rodolfo Ponce de León, Andrea Homsi Damaso, Marlos Rodrigues Domingues, Mariangela Freitas da Silveira
BACKGROUND: The disrespect and abuse of women during the process of childbirth is an emergent and global problem and only few studies have investigated this worrying issue. The objective of the present study was to describe the prevalence of disrespect and abuse of women during childbirth in Pelotas City, Brazil, and to investigate the factors involved. METHODS: This was a cross-sectional population-based study of women delivering members of the 2015 Pelotas birth cohort...
March 27, 2018: Reproductive Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29587676/-whose-shoes-can-an-educational-board-game-engage-ugandan-men-in-pregnancy-and-childbirth
#9
Alice Norah Ladur, Edwin van Teijlingen, Vanora Hundley
BACKGROUND: Men can play a significant role in reducing maternal morbidity and mortality in low-income countries. Maternal health programmes are increasingly looking for innovative interventions to engage men to help improve health outcomes for pregnant women. Educational board games offer a unique approach to present health information where learning is reinforced through group discussions supporting peer-to-peer interactions. METHODS: A qualitative study with men from Uganda currently living in the UK on their views of an educational board game...
March 27, 2018: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29583056/effect-of-an-educational-program-based-on-cognitive-behavioral-techniques-on-fear-of-childbirth-and-the-birth-process
#10
Tuba Uçar, Zehra Golbasi
OBJECTIVE: This study determined the effect of an educational program based on cognitive behavioral techniques (CBT) provided for pregnant women to address their fear of childbirth. METHODS: This study was conducted experimentally using pretest-posttest and a control group. A total of 111 Turkish pregnant women were recruited with 52 in the intervention group and 59 in the control group. The intervention group attended the educational program on coping with childbirth fears based on CBT, which took 3 weeks over six sessions...
March 27, 2018: Journal of Psychosomatic Obstetrics and Gynaecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29562068/pregnancy-and-motherhood-during-surgical-training
#11
Erika L Rangel, Douglas S Smink, Manuel Castillo-Angeles, Gifty Kwakye, Marguerite Changala, Adil H Haider, Gerard M Doherty
Importance: Although family priorities influence specialty selection and resident attrition, few studies describe resident perspectives on pregnancy during surgical training. Objective: To directly assess the resident experience of childbearing during training. Design, Setting, and Participants: A self-administered 74-question survey was electronically distributed in January 2017 to members of the Association of Women Surgeons, to members of the Association of Program Directors in Surgery listserv, and through targeted social media platforms...
March 21, 2018: JAMA Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29558506/factors-related-to-low-birth-rate-among-married-women-in-korea
#12
Ju-Eun Song, Jeong-Ah Ahn, Sun-Kyoung Lee, Eun Ha Roh
The purpose of this study was to explore the factors influencing low birth rate among married women using the National Survey data in Korea. We compared the different influences on women's first and subsequent childbirths. This study was a secondary analysis using the "National Survey on Fertility and Family Health and Welfare", which was a nationally representative survey conducted by the Korea Institute for Health and Social Affairs. We analyzed the data of 3,482 married women (aged between 19 and 39 years) using SPSS 20...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29553965/efficacy-of-an-ergonomic-ankle-support-aid-for-squatting-position-in-improving-pushing-skills-and-birth-outcomes-during-the-second-stage-of-labor-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#13
Yu-Ching Lin, Meei-Ling Gau, Ghi-Hwei Kao, Hung-Chang Lee
BACKGROUND: The physical positions that are adopted by women during childbirth significantly impact their childbirth outcomes and experiences. Literature studies have associated using a squatting position with reduced childbirth pain and increased comfort and pushing efficiency. However, the major disadvantage of the squatting position is that women may lack the muscular fitness and stamina necessary to sustain this position for a long period. PURPOSE: The aim of this study was to compare the pushing experiences and birth outcomes of three different pushing positions during the second stage of labor...
March 16, 2018: Journal of Nursing Research: JNR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29547632/women-s-experiences-of-mistreatment-during-childbirth-a-comparative-view-of-home-and-facility-based-births-in-pakistan
#14
Waqas Hameed, Bilal Iqbal Avan
INTRODUCTION: Respectful and dignified healthcare is a fundamental right for every woman. However, many women seeking childbirth services, especially those in low-income countries such as Pakistan, are mistreated by their birth attendants. The aim of this epidemiological study was to estimate the prevalence of mistreatment and types of mistreatment among women giving birth in facility- and home-based settings in Pakistan in order to address the lack of empirical evidence on this topic...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29544195/postnatal-anxiety-prevalence-predictors-and-effects-on-development-a-narrative-review
#15
Tiffany Field
The increasing prevalence of postnatal anxiety highlights the need for summarizing the recent research on this condition to inform screening and intervention efforts. This narrative review of the literature was derived from a search on PubMed and PsycINFO for papers published since 2010. The demographic risk factors for postnatal anxiety include being a young mother, having more education and being employed. Childbirth risk factors include being primiparous in one sample and multiparous in another, caesarean delivery, fear of the birth and of death during delivery, lack of control during labor, low self-confidence for the delivery and the delivery staff, and premature delivery...
March 12, 2018: Infant Behavior & Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29543356/vital-change-for-mums-a-feasibility-study-investigating-tailored-nutrition-and-exercise-care-delivered-by-video-consultations-for-women-3-12-months-postpartum
#16
L Vincze, M E Rollo, M J Hutchesson, R Callister, C E Collins
BACKGROUND: A tailored approach to nutrition and physical activity advice can support women following childbirth in managing barriers (i.e. time and childcare) to making healthy lifestyle changes. The aim of the present study was to evaluate the implementation, acceptability and preliminary efficacy of a personally tailored nutrition and exercise programme for postpartum women delivered via video-consultations by an accredited practising dietitian (APD) and accredited exercise physiologist (AEP)...
March 15, 2018: Journal of Human Nutrition and Dietetics: the Official Journal of the British Dietetic Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29531618/female-genital-mutilation-in-sudan
#17
Adel Hussein Elduma
BACKGROUND: Female genital mutilation or female circumcision (FGM) is a serious health problem in Sudan. This procedure is harmful to women and causes many complications during pregnancy and childbirth. OBJECTIVE: This study aims to determine the female genital mutilation (FGM) and its associated factors in Sudan. SUBJECTS AND METHODS: Data from Sudan Multiple Indicator Cluster Survey (MICS - UNICEF) was used in this research. The survey was carried out in 2014 and included women aged between 14 - 49 years...
February 15, 2018: Open Access Macedonian Journal of Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29525321/midwives-and-clinical-investigation-a-review-of-the-literature
#18
Catherine R Alexander, Fiona Bogossian
BACKGROUND: An allegation of negligence or an adverse outcome during childbirth can lead to clinical investigation of a midwife's practice. Anecdotal evidence suggests midwives find this stressful and disturbing. AIM: Synthesise the evidence relating to midwives' experiences of investigation and the effects on clinical practice and personal wellbeing. METHODS: Two database searches were conducted between 2015 and 2016 to identify primary research published between 1990 and 2016...
March 7, 2018: Women and Birth: Journal of the Australian College of Midwives
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29522982/financial-decision-making-power-is-associated-with-moderate-to-severe-anemia-a-prospective-cohort-study-among-pregnant-women-in-rural-south-india
#19
Karl Krupp, Caitlyn D Placek, Meredith Wilcox, Kavitha Ravi, Vijaya Srinivas, Anjali Arun, Purnima Madhivanan
OBJECTIVE: According to the World Health Organization, about half of all pregnant women in India suffer from some form of anemia. While poor nutrition is the most common cause, social factors, such as gender and religion, also impact anemia status. This study investigates the relationship between anemia and socioeconomic and health-related factors among pregnant women in Mysore, India. DESIGN: Prospective cohort study conducted between January 2009 and 2012 SETTING: 144 rural villages ten or more kilometers outside of Mysore City received integrated antenatal care and HIV testing services provided by mobile medical clinic in their communities...
February 20, 2018: Midwifery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29519626/prevalence-of-diabetes-five-years-after-having-gestational-diabetes-during-pregnancy-croatian-national-study
#20
Katja Vince, Tamara Poljičanin, Marko Brkić, Urelija Rodin, Ratko Matijević
AIMS: The aim of this study was to determine the prevalence of diabetes among women 5 years after having gestational diabetes during pregnancy. Also, we sought to determine whether women who develop diabetes after GD during pregnancy differ from women who do not develop diabetes after GD during pregnancy. METHODS: This longitudinal study was performed using data from medical birth certificates and CroDiab diabetes registry. Women burdened with gestational diabetes in Croatia in 2011 were followed up until year 2016...
March 5, 2018: Primary Care Diabetes
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