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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29451860/a-hierarchical-bayesian-tri-variate-analysis-on-factors-associated-with-anthropometric-measures-in-a-large-sample-of-children-and-adolescents-the-caspian-iv-study
#1
Roya Kelishadi, Zahra Heidari, Iraj Kazemi, Tohid Jafari-Koshki, Marjan Mansourian, Mohammad-Esmaeil Motlagh, Ramin Heshmat
BACKGROUND: This study aimed to assess determinants of anthropometric measures in a nationally representative sample of Iranian children and adolescents. METHODS: This nationwide study was conducted among 13,280 students, aged 6-18 years, who were randomly selected from 30 provinces in Iran. Anthropometric measures were determined by calibrated instruments. Demographic and socio-economic (SES) variables, lifestyle behaviors, family history of chronic disease and prenatal factors were studied, as well...
February 16, 2018: Journal of Pediatric Endocrinology & Metabolism: JPEM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29451839/correlates-of-postpartum-visits-among-medicaid-recipients-an-analysis-using-claims-data-from-a-managed-care-organization
#2
Saba W Masho, Susan Cha, Nicole Karjane, Elizabeth McGee, Rashel Charles, Linda Hines, Susan G Kornstein
BACKGROUND: The postpartum care visit (PPCV) plays an important role in ensuring the well-being of mother and infant. This study sought to assess correlates of PPCV attendance among women who are at high risk of nonattendance. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This study used deidentified medical claims data from Virginia Premier-a nonprofit Managed Care Organization that provides health insurance for Medicaid beneficiaries. The association between various correlates and PPCV attendance was examined using multiple logistic regression analyses...
February 16, 2018: Journal of Women's Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29451610/coverage-completeness-and-reliability-of-the-data-in-the-information-system-on-live-births-in-public-maternity-wards-in-the-municipality-in-s%C3%A3-o-paulo-brazil-2011
#3
Eliana de Aquino Bonilha, Eneida Sanches Ramos Vico, Marina de Freitas, Denise Machado Barbuscia, Tatiana Gabriela Brassea Galleguillos, Mirna Namie Okamura, Patrícia Carla Dos Santos, Margarida Maria Tenório de Azevedo Lira, Maria Regina Torloni
OBJECTIVE: to assess the coverage, completeness and reliability of data on live births in public maternity wards in São Paulo, Brazil. METHODS: data recorded in the Information System on Live Births (Sinasc) were compared with data collected in a field study (gold standard) during three months in 2011 in four maternity wards in hospital from the SUS network; kappa coefficient was calculated to assess agreement. RESULTS: 5,785 birth records were analyzed; Sinasc coverage was 99...
2018: Epidemiologia e Servicos de Saude: Revista do Sistema Unico de Saude do Brasil
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29451326/evaluation-of-factors-contributing-to-the-decline-in-exclusive-breastfeeding-at-6-months-postpartum-the-2011-2016-national-surveys-in-taiwan
#4
Alexander Waits, Chao-Yu Guo, Li-Yin Chien
BACKGROUND: Since 1992, breastfeeding promotion in Taiwan considerably raised the breastfeeding rates; however, more recent surveillance showed that breastfeeding indicators stagnated or even decreased. METHODS: We analyzed 6 cross-sectional national surveys of 69 159 postpartum women to examine the breastfeeding trends at 6 months postpartum during 2011-2016 in Taiwan and the contributing role of maternal and environmental factors. Data were collected through telephone interviews, using structured questionnaires with randomly selected mothers, who gave birth in those years...
February 16, 2018: Birth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29450226/alcohol-reduction-in-the-first-trimester-is-unrelated-to-smoking-patient-or-pregnancy-characteristics
#5
Kristen A Schmidt, Andrew J Lancia, Saad Alvi, Jean C Aldag
Introduction: Studies show alcohol-preferring mice reduce their alcohol intake during pregnancy; this study questions if the same is true for humans. The current investigation compares women's pre-pregnancy and first trimester alcohol consumption, examines if women with problem drinking diminish their alcohol intake during pregnancy, and determines if prenatal alcohol reduction is associated with characteristics of pregnancy, patients or smoking. Methods: 126 participants in weeks 1-12 of pregnancy, recruited from Obstetric and Family Practices, completed a survey during their initial prenatal visit including two gender-specific AUDITs (Alcohol Use Disorders Identification Tests) querying current and pre-pregnancy alcohol use...
June 2017: Addictive Behaviors Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29447711/no-355-physiologic-basis-of-pain-in-labour-and-delivery-an-evidence-based-approach-to-its-management
#6
Julie Bonapace, Guy-Paul Gagné, Nils Chaillet, Raymonde Gagnon, Emmanuelle Hébert, Sarah Buckley
OBJECTIVE: To review the evidence relating to nonpharmacological approaches in the management of pain during labour and delivery. To formulate recommendations for the usage of nonpharmacological approaches to pain management. OPTIONS: Nonpharmacological methods available for pain management during labour and delivery exist. These should be included in the counselling and care of women. EVIDENCE: PubMed and Medline were searched for articles in French and English on subjects related to "breastfeeding," "pain," "epidural," "anaesthesia," "analgesia," "labour," "labor," and combined with "gate control theory," "alternative therapies," "massage," "position," "mobility," "TENS," "bathing," "DNIC," "acupuncture," "acupressure," "sterile water injection," "higher center," "control mind," "cognitive structuring," "holistic health," "complementary therapy(ies)," "breathing," "relaxation," "mental imagery," "visualization," "mind focusing," "hypnosis," "auto-hypnosis," "sophrology," "mind and body interventions," "music," "odors," "biofeedback," "Lamaze," "Bonapace," "prenatal training," "gymnastic," "chanting," "haptonomy," "environment," "transcutaneous electrical stimulus-stimulation," "antenatal education," "support," "continuous support," "psychosocial support," "psychosomatic medicine," "supportive care," "companion," "intrapartum care," "nurse," "midwife(ves)," "father," "doula," "caregiver," " hormones," "oxytocin," "endorphin," "prolactin," "catecholamine," "adrenaline," and "noradrenaline" from 1990 to December 2015...
February 2018: Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology Canada: JOGC, Journal D'obstétrique et Gynécologie du Canada: JOGC
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29445631/effects-of-negative-emotions-and-life-events-on-women-s-missed-miscarriage
#7
Huilin Xing, Yaping Luo, Shouying Wang
Background: To investigate the effects of negative emotions and life events on women's missed miscarriage. Methods: Overall, 214 women diagnosed with a missed miscarriage by prenatal examination from 2016-2017 in Xiamen Maternal and Child Health Care Hospital, Xiamen, China were selected as the observation group compared to 214 women as control group. The general data of the patients were investigated by self-programmed questionnaires. Zung Self-Rating Anxiety Scale, Center Epidemiological Studies Depression Scale; Life Events Scale for Pregnant Women were used conduct the study...
February 2018: Iranian Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29442995/maternal-characteristics-of-prenatal-wic-receipt-in-the-united-states-2016
#8
Anne K Driscoll, Michelle J K Osterman
Four in 10 women (39.6%) who gave birth in the United States in 2016 received prenatal benefits from the Special Supplemental Nutrition Program for Women, Infants,and Children (WIC).Rates of prenatal WIC receipt declined with increasing maternal age for women under 40. Among the six race and Hispanic-origin groups, receipt of prenatal WIC was highest for Hispanic mothers (61.4%) and lowest for non-Hispanic Asian mothers (23.2%).Receipt of prenatal WIC decreased as maternal education level increased.
January 2018: NCHS Data Brief
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29425836/the-impact-of-a-daily-smartphone-based-feedback-system-among-women-with-gestational-diabetes-on-compliance-glycemic-control-satisfaction-and-pregnancy-outcome-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#9
Hadas Miremberg, Tal Ben-Ari, Tal Betzer, Hagit Raphaeli, Rose Gasnier, Giulia Barda, Jacob Bar, Eran Weiner
BACKGROUND: Patient compliance and tight glycemic control have been demonstrated to improve pregnancy outcome in pregnancies complicated by gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM). The use of advanced technological tools, including smartphone-based platforms, to improve medical care and outcomes has been demonstrated in various fields of medicine, but only few small studies were performed with GDM patients. OBJECTIVE: We aimed to study the impact of introducing a smartphone-based daily feedback and communication platform between GDM patients and their physicians, on patient compliance, glycemic control, pregnancy outcome, and patient satisfaction...
February 6, 2018: American Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29420697/environmental-influences-on-infant-cortical-thickness-and-surface-area
#10
Shaili C Jha, Kai Xia, Mihye Ahn, Jessica B Girault, Gang Li, Li Wang, Dinggang Shen, Fei Zou, Hongtu Zhu, Martin Styner, John H Gilmore, Rebecca C Knickmeyer
Cortical thickness (CT) and surface area (SA) vary widely between individuals and are associated with intellectual ability and risk for various psychiatric and neurodevelopmental conditions. Factors influencing this variability remain poorly understood, but the radial unit hypothesis, as well as the more recent supragranular cortex expansion hypothesis, suggests that prenatal and perinatal influences may be particularly important. In this report, we examine the impact of 17 major demographic and obstetric history variables on interindividual variation in CT and SA in a unique sample of 805 neonates who received MRI scans of the brain around 2 weeks of age...
February 6, 2018: Cerebral Cortex
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29417365/integrating-obstetrical-care-and-wic-nutritional-services-to-address-maternal-obesity-and-postpartum-weight-retention
#11
Susan M Gross, Marycatherine Augustyn, Janice L Henderson, Khrysta Baig, Christie A Williams, Bolanle Ajao, Patricia Bell-Waddy, David M Paige
OBJECTIVE: This pilot study evaluated a cost neutral, integrated Special Supplemental Nutrition Program for Women Infants and Children (WIC) and obstetrical service model designed to prevent postpartum weight retention in obese women. METHODS: A sample of women who received benefits from the Johns Hopkins (JH) WIC program and prenatal care from the JH Nutrition in Pregnancy Clinic, which provides obstetrical care for women with a BMI ≥ 30 kg/m2, participated in the WICNIP randomized clinical trial...
February 7, 2018: Maternal and Child Health Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29415681/prenatal-and-perinatal-risks-for-late-language-emergence-in-a-population-level-sample-of-twins-at-age-2
#12
Catherine L Taylor, Mabel L Rice, Daniel Christensen, Eve Blair, Stephen R Zubrick
BACKGROUND: Late Language Emergence (LLE) in the first two years of life is one of the most common parental concerns about child development and reasons for seeking advice from health professionals. LLE is much more prevalent in twins (38%) than singletons (20%). In studies of language development in twins without overt disability, adverse prenatal and perinatal environments have been reported to play a lesser role in the etiology of LLE than adverse postnatal environments. However, there is a lack of population-level evidence about prenatal and perinatal risk factors for LLE in twins...
February 7, 2018: BMC Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29413887/parental-alcohol-consumption-and-adult-children-s-educational-attainment
#13
Lucia Mangiavacchi, Luca Piccoli
This study analyses whether an excessive parental alcohol consumption during childhood can affect long run children's educational attainments. Using 19 waves of the Russia Longitudinal Monitoring Survey (RLMS), where individuals and their families are followed from childhood to adulthood, this study analyses parental alcohol consumption during childhood (between 1994 and 2001) and its relation with children's educational attainment about twelve years later (from 2005 to 2014). Panel estimations show that mother's excessive alcohol consumption during childhood is consistently negatively associated with children educational outcomes, as years of education, the highest education grade achieved and the probability of having a tertiary education degree, a finding that is robust to possible endogeneity issues...
December 29, 2017: Economics and Human Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29412408/identifying-mothers-intention-to-place-infant-in-supine-sleep-position-a-population-based-study
#14
Juraci Almeida Cesar, Jayshlyn Denise Acevedo, Camilla Rabuske Kaczan, Júlio César Pit Venzo, Laura Rohe Costa, Luiza Crochemore Monsant da Silva, Nelson Arns Neumann
This study aimed to identify mother's opinion on infant sleep position and the factors associated with the intention to place the infant in the supine position in the municipality of Rio Grande, Southern Brazil. A standardized questionnaire was applied to all mothers residing in this municipality who gave birth to a child in the only two local maternity wards from January 1 to December 31, 2010. Chi-square test was used to compare proportions, along with a Poisson regression with robust adjustment in the multivariate analysis...
February 2018: Ciência & Saúde Coletiva
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29407762/distribution-and-predictors-of-urinary-concentrations-of-phthalate-metabolites-and-phenols-among-pregnant-women-in-the-healthy-start-study
#15
Kristen J Polinski, Dana Dabelea, Richard F Hamman, John L Adgate, Antonia M Calafat, Xiaoyun Ye, Anne P Starling
BACKGROUND: Phthalates and phenols are suspected endocrine disrupting chemicals that may adversely impact fetal outcomes following in utero exposure. Understanding predictors of exposure to phthalates and phenols during the prenatal period is important. METHODS: We measured urinary concentrations of 15 phthalate metabolites and 11 phenols in 446 pregnant women enrolled in the Healthy Start pre-birth cohort. Creatinine-adjusted geometric means (GM) for each urinary biomarker were compared across categories of potential sociodemographic and dietary predictors...
January 30, 2018: Environmental Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29404718/sociocultural-risk-factors-for-developmental-delay-in-children-aged-3-60%C3%A2-months-a-nested-case-control-study
#16
Aylin Demirci, Mehtap Kartal
Identifying children at risk for developmental delay (DD) is important for improving prognosis. In this sense, we estimated sociocultural factors that may be associated with DD in early childhood. In our nested case-control study, 95 were included in the case group and 190 were randomly selected to control group. To identify the risk factors, we conducted a backward conditional logistic regression and a final multivariable model was developed. Maternal age of ≥35 years, low maternal and paternal education level, low socioeconomic level, consanguineous marriage, and delivery by cesarean section increased the risk of DD...
February 6, 2018: European Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29402153/psychological-factors-influencing-choice-of-prenatal-diagnosis-in-chinese-multiparous-women-with-advanced-maternal-age
#17
Bi-Heng Cheng, Jian-Hua Chen, Gao-Hua Wang
OBJECTIVES: To investigate the psychological predictors in Chinese multiparous pregnant women of advanced maternal age (AMA) for choosing aneuploidy screening or diagnostic testing. METHODS: A total of 84 pregnant women of AMA were consecutively enrolled from Renming Hospital, Wuhan University. All participants completed three questionnaires: Zung Self-Rating Anxiety Scale (SAS), Zung Self-Rating Depression Scale (SDS), and Pregnancy Stress Rating Scale (PSRS). Demographic information and the choice of noninvasive prenatal testing (NIPT) versus invasive prenatal diagnosis (PND) were also collected...
February 5, 2018: Journal of Maternal-fetal & Neonatal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29400082/administration-rates-of-the-tdap-vaccine-in-obstetric-patients
#18
Jamie Koerner, Alicia B Forinash, Abigail M Yancey, Jessica Brinkmeyer, Spencer Dingman, Collin Miller, Judy Thompson, Laura Bergin, Julia D López, Amy Ravin
BACKGROUND: Infants younger than 6 months of age are at high risk for contracting pertussis because of not being fully vaccinated. The Advisory Committee on Immunization Practices (ACIP) recommends vaccinating all pregnant women with tetanus toxoid, reduced diphtheria toxoid, and acellular pertussis vaccine (Tdap) between 27 and 36 weeks to offer passive immunity to the infant to help protect them until they are able to receive the full pertussis series. OBJECTIVE: To assess and compare compliance with the 2013 ACIP recommendation of vaccinating pregnant women with Tdap at 27 to 36 weeks' gestation in 2 obstetric clinics...
February 1, 2018: Annals of Pharmacotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29397484/higher-birthweight-and-maternal-pre-pregnancy-bmi-persist-with-obesity-association-at-age-9-in-high-risk-latino-children
#19
Thora Wesenberg Kjaer, Daniel Faurholt-Jepsen, Rosalinda Medrano, Deena Elwan, Kala Mehta, Vibeke Brix Christensen, Janet M Wojcicki
Childhood obesity is increasing especially in Latinos and early intervention is essential to prevent later obesity complications. Latino children (n = 201) recruited at two San Francisco hospitals were assessed at birth including infant anthropometrics and feeding practices and followed to age 9 with annual anthropometric assessments. We evaluated the relationship between perinatal risk factors and obesity at age 9 and chronic obesity (obesity at both 5 and 9 years). Higher birthweight [odds ratio (OR) 2...
February 3, 2018: Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29394949/warning-about-drinking-during-pregnancy-lessons-from-the-french-experience
#20
Agnès Dumas, Stéphanie Toutain, Catherine Hill, Laurence Simmat-Durand
BACKGROUND: In France, since 2007, there is a compulsory warning recommending abstinence during pregnancy on every container of alcohol. Awareness of this warning, which consists of a small pictogram, is unknown. The aim of this study was to assess awareness of the warning and risk perceptions about prenatal drinking in pregnant and postpartum women. METHODS: A cross-sectional survey was carried out by telephone five years after the introduction of the warning label...
February 2, 2018: Reproductive Health
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