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Prenatal educator

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28334898/changing-knowledge-and-practices-of-mothers-on-newborn-care-through-mother-class-an-intervention-study-in-indonesia
#1
Narila Mutia Nasir, Yuli Amran, Yasuhide Nakamura
Poor knowledge and practices of newborn care may contribute to high neonatal mortality. This study aims to analyze the effect of prenatal education, namely 'mother class', on knowledge and practices of newborn care among mothers in Tangerang Selatan District, Indonesia. An intervention study with a quasi-experimental design was conducted. Using a questionnaire, 427 mothers were interviewed: an intervention group (n = 214) that attended mother class and a control group (n = 213) that had not. A home visit followed the intervention to assess newborn care practices...
March 3, 2017: Journal of Tropical Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28330583/pregnant-adolescent-women-s-perceptions-of-depression-and-psychiatric-services-in-the-united-states
#2
Sarah E Bledsoe, Cynthia F Rizo, Traci L Wike, Candace Killian-Farrell, Julia Wessel, Anne-Marie O Bellows, Alison Doernberg
PROBLEM: Adolescent mothers and their children are at high-risk for depression and the associated negative educational, social, health, and economic outcomes. BACKGROUND: However, few pregnant adolescent women with depression receive psychiatric services, especially low-income or racial/ethnic minority adolescent women. AIM: This qualitative study explores perceptions of depression, psychiatric services, and barriers to accessing services in a sample of low-income, pregnant racial/ethnic minority adolescent women...
March 15, 2017: Women and Birth: Journal of the Australian College of Midwives
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28330336/postpartum-modern-contraceptive-use-and-associated-factors-in-northern-ethiopia
#3
Teklehaymanot Huluf Abraha, Alemayehu Shimeka Teferra, Abebaw Addis Gelagay
OBJECTIVES: Postpartum period is a critical period to address high unmet needs of family planning and to reduce the risks of closely spaced pregnancies. However, contraception during extended postpartum period has given less emphasis concerning contraceptive practice in Ethiopia. Therefore, this study was aimed to assess postpartum modern contraceptive use and associated factors among postpartum women in Northern Ethiopia. METHODS: A community based cross sectional study was done from March to April, 2015...
March 20, 2017: Epidemiology and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28327118/sociodemographic-and-delivery-risk-factors-for-developing-postpartum-depression-in-a-sample-of-3233-mothers-from-the-czech-elspac-study
#4
Adam Fiala, Jan Švancara, Jana Klánová, Tomáš Kašpárek
BACKGROUND: In the postpartum period, certain groups of women are at a higher risk for developing depressive episodes. Several studies have described risk factors for developing postpartum depression (PPD). However, these studies have used limited numbers of participants, and therefore the estimated prevalence of PPD varies greatly. METHODS: The objective of this study is to identify the main risk factors for developing PPD by using data collected via the Czech version of the European Longitudinal Study of Pregnancy and Childhood (ELSPAC)...
March 21, 2017: BMC Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28324862/heterogeneity-in-predictive-power-of-early-childhood-nutritional-indicators-for-mid-childhood-outcomes-evidence-from-vietnam
#5
Le Thuc Duc, Jere R Behrman
We utilize longitudinal data on nearly 1800 children in Vietnam to study the predictive power of alternative measures of early childhood undernutrition for outcomes at age eight years: weight-for-age (WAZ8), height-for-age (HAZ8), and education (reading, math and receptive vocabulary). We apply two-stage procedures to derive unpredicted weight gain and height growth in the first year of life. Our estimates show that a standard deviation (SD) increase in birth weight is associated with an increase of 0.14 (standard error [SE]: 0...
March 11, 2017: Economics and Human Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28321391/inadequate-utilization-of-prenatal-care-services-socioeconomic-status-and-educational-attainment-are-associated-with-low-birth-weight-in-zimbabwe
#6
Sanni Yaya, Ghose Bishwajit, Michael Ekholuenetale, Vaibhav Shah
BACKGROUND: Globally, low birth weight (LBW) remains a leading cause of neonatal and infant mortality and poses significant challenges toward the progress of achieving infant mortality-related goals. Experience from developed countries shows that two major causes of LBW (premature delivery and intrauterine growth restriction) can be averted to a great extent by adequate utilization of maternal health-care services, during pregnancy. In this study, we attempt to measure the prevalence of LBW in Zimbabwe and explore the association between adequate utilization of prenatal care (PNC) services and LBW in Zimbabwe...
2017: Frontiers in Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28319453/prenatal-vaccination-education-intervention-improves-both-the-mothers-knowledge-and-children-s-vaccination-coverage-evidence-from-randomized-controlled-trial-from-eastern-china
#7
Yu Hu, Yaping Chen, Ying Wang, Quanwei Song, Qian Li
OBJECTIVES: To verify the effectiveness of prenatal vaccination education intervention on improving mother's vaccination knowledge and child's vaccination status in Zhejiang province, eastern China. METHODS: Pregnant women with ≥ 12 gestational weeks were recruited and randomly assigned into the intervention group and the control group. The intervention group were given a vaccination education session while the control group were not. Two round surveys were performed before and 3 months after the intervention...
February 21, 2017: Human Vaccines & Immunotherapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28292453/adolescent-pregnancy
#8
REVIEW
Heidi K Leftwich, Marcus Vinicius Ortega Alves
Adolescent pregnancy, although on the decline, represents a significant public health concern. Often adolescents present late to prenatal care, either from lack of knowledge, fear of consequences, limited access, stigma, or all of the above. Although multifaceted, there are many risks both to mother and child that are increased in adolescent pregnancy. Many are unintended and are at risk for repeat adolescent pregnancy, especially within the first 2 years. Risks include but are not limited to: low birth weight, preterm delivery, stillbirth, and preeclampsia, as well as feelings of social isolation, delayed or neglected educational goals, and maternal depression...
April 2017: Pediatric Clinics of North America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28288149/prenatal-exposure-to-maternal-very-severe-obesity-is-associated-with-impaired-neurodevelopment-and-executive-functioning-in-children
#9
Theresia H Mina, Marius Lahti, Amanda J Drake, Fiona C Denison, Katri Räikkönen, Jane E Norman, Rebecca M Reynolds
BACKGROUND: Prenatal maternal obesity has been associated with an increased risk of neurocognitive problems in childhood, but there are fewer studies on executive functioning. METHODS: Tests and questionnaires to assess neurodevelopment, executive functioning and the ability to delay gratification were administered to 113 children (mean (SD)=4.24 (0.63) years of age) born to very severely obese mothers (SO, BMI≥ 40 Kg/m(2), n=51) or to lean mothers (BMI≤ 25 Kg/m(2), n=62)...
March 13, 2017: Pediatric Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28287631/negative-association-between-acrylamide-exposure-and-body-composition-in-adults-nhanes-2003-2004
#10
P-L Chu, L-Y Lin, P-C Chen, T-C Su, C-Y Lin
BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVES: Acrylamide is present in mainstream cigarette smoke and in some food prepared at high temperature. Animal studies have shown that acrylamide exposure reduces body weight. Prenatal exposure to acrylamide also has been linked to reduced birth weight in human. Whether acrylamide exposure is associated with altered body compositions in adults is not clear. SUBJECTS/METHODS: We selected 3623 subjects (aged ⩾20 years) from a National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES) in 2003-2004 to determine the relationship among hemoglobin adducts of acrylamide (HbAA), hemoglobin adducts of glycidamide (HbGA) and body composition (body measures, bioelectrical impedance analysis (BIA), dual energy x-ray absorptiometry (DXA))...
March 13, 2017: Nutrition & Diabetes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28286810/epidemiology-and-related-risk-factors-of-preterm-labor-as-an-obstetrics-emergency
#11
Ali Asghar Halimi Asl, Saeed Safari, Mohsen Parvareshi Hamrah
INTRODUCTION: Preterm birth is still a major health problem throughout the world, which results in 75% of neonatal mortality. Preterm labor not only inflicts financial and emotional distress, it may also lead to permanent disability. The present study was conducted to determine the related risk factors and preventive measures of preterm labor. METHODS: This retrospective cross-sectional study assessed all preterm labors, as well as an equal number of term labors, during seven years, at an educational hospital...
2017: Emergency (Tehran, Iran)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28285640/first-and-second-trimester-gestational-weight-gains-are-most-strongly-associated-with-cord-blood-levels-of-hormones-at-delivery-important-for-glycemic-control-and-somatic-growth
#12
Sheryl L Rifas-Shiman, Abby Fleisch, Marie-France Hivert, Christos Mantzoros, Matthew W Gillman, Emily Oken
BACKGROUND: Excessive gestational weight gain (GWG) during pregnancy is associated with adverse outcomes for mothers and offspring. Early, mid, and late pregnancy GWGs have different associations with fetal growth and later life adiposity, but associations with cord blood hormones, which might predict later health, are not well studied. METHODS: In 978 pregnant women from the pre-birth Project Viva cohort, we calculated trimester-specific GWG using clinically recorded prenatal weights...
April 2017: Metabolism: Clinical and Experimental
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28277365/association-of-group-prenatal-care-with-gestational-weight-gain
#13
Michelle A Kominiarek, Amy Crockett, Sarah Covington-Kolb, Melissa Simon, William A Grobman
OBJECTIVE: To compare gestational weight gain among women in group prenatal care with that of women in individual prenatal care. METHODS: In this retrospective cohort study, women who participated in group prenatal care from 2009 to 2015 and whose body mass indexes (BMIs) and gestational weight gain were recorded were matched with the next two women who had the same payer type, were within 2-kg/m prepregnancy BMI and 2-week gestational age at delivery, and had received individual prenatal care...
April 2017: Obstetrics and Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28264668/implementing-and-sustaining-a-mobile-medical-clinic-for-prenatal-care-and-sexually-transmitted-infection-prevention-in-rural-mysore-india
#14
Noah Kojima, Karl Krupp, Kavitha Ravi, Savitha Gowda, Poornima Jaykrishna, Caitlyn Leonardson-Placek, Anand Siddhaiah, Claire C Bristow, Anjali Arun, Jeffrey D Klausner, Purnima Madhivanan
BACKGROUND: In rural India, mobile medical clinics are useful models for delivering health promotion, education, and care. Mobile medical clinics use fewer providers for larger catchment areas compared to traditional clinic models in resource limited settings, which is especially useful in areas with shortages of healthcare providers and a wide geographical distribution of patients. METHODS: From 2008 to 2011, we built infrastructure to implement a mobile clinic system to educate rural communities about maternal child health, train community health workers in common safe birthing procedures, and provide comprehensive antenatal care, prevention of mother-to-child transmission (PMTCT) of human immunodeficiency virus (HIV), and testing for specific infections in a large rural catchment area of pregnant women in rural Mysore...
March 6, 2017: BMC Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28263726/prevalence-and-predictors-of-breastfeeding-after-childhood-abuse
#15
Meghan Eagen-Torkko, Lisa Kane Low, Ruth Zielinski, Julia S Seng
OBJECTIVE: To describe the prevalence and predictors of breastfeeding intent and outcomes in women with histories of childhood maltreatment trauma (CMT), including those with posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD). DESIGN: Secondary analysis of a prospective observational cohort study of the effects of PTSD on perinatal outcomes. SETTING: Prenatal clinics in three health systems in the Midwestern United States. PARTICIPANTS: Women older than 18 years expecting their first infants, comprising three groups: women who experienced CMT but did not have PTSD (CMT-resilient), women with a history of CMT and PTSD (CMT-PTSD), and women with no history of CMT (CMT-nonexposed)...
March 2, 2017: Journal of Obstetric, Gynecologic, and Neonatal Nursing: JOGNN
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28259715/ethical-issues-in-genetic-counseling
#16
REVIEW
Nandor Gabor Than, Zoltan Papp
Genetics has made great progress in the past decades, and prenatal diagnosis, predictive genetic testing, and genetic counseling have drawn the limelight of public attention. Because the subject of genetic counseling is of crucial consequence for both the short and long term, its ethical aspects are paramount. The question is whether mankind is mature enough to use this extraordinary knowledge in the right way for the benefit of the society. In the center of ethical questions is the comprehensiveness of information provided to the couples or patients and counseling them about results and making informed educated decisions...
January 23, 2017: Best Practice & Research. Clinical Obstetrics & Gynaecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28251585/voluntary-premarital-screening-to-prevent-sickle-cell-disease-in-jamaica-does-it-work
#17
G R Serjeant, B E Serjeant, K P Mason, F Gibson, R Gardner, L Warren, M Jonker
To determine whether identifying haemoglobin genotype, and providing education and counselling to senior school students will influence their choice of partner and reduce the frequency of births with sickle cell disease. The Manchester Project provided free voluntary blood tests to determine haemoglobin genotype to the fifth and sixth forms (grades 11-13), median age of 16.7 years, of all 15 secondary schools in the parish of Manchester in south central Jamaica. A total of 16,636 students complied, and counselling was offered to carriers of abnormal genes over 6 years (2008-2013)...
March 1, 2017: Journal of Community Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28251433/attitudes-towards-prenatal-genetic-counseling-prenatal-genetic-testing-and-termination-of-pregnancy-among-southeast-and-east-asian-women-in-the-united-states
#18
Ginger J Tsai, Carrie A Cameron, Jennifer L Czerwinski, Hector Mendez-Figueroa, Susan K Peterson, Sarah Jane Noblin
Recognizing the heterogeneity of the Asian population with regards to acculturation, education, health awareness, and cultural values is vital for tailoring culturally sensitive and appropriate care. Prior studies show that cultural values influence perceptions of genetics within Asian populations. The reputation of the family unit factors into decisions such as pregnancy termination and disclosure of family medical history, and the nondirective model of American genetic counseling may conflict with the historical Asian model of paternalistic health care...
March 2, 2017: Journal of Genetic Counseling
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28251311/sexual-activity-and-sexual-dysfunction-of-women-in-the-perinatal-period-a-longitudinal-study
#19
Stephanie Wallwiener, Mitho Müller, Anne Doster, Ruben Jeremias Kuon, Katharina Plewniok, Sandra Feller, Markus Wallwiener, Corinna Reck, Lina Maria Matthies, Christian Wallwiener
PURPOSE: Reduced sexual activity and dysfunctional problems are highly prevalent in the perinatal period, and there is a lack of data regarding the degree of normality during pregnancy. Several risk factors have been independently associated with a greater extent of Female Sexual Dysfunction (FSD). Therefore, this study aimed to assess the prevalence of sexual inactivity and sexual dysfunctions in German women during the perinatal period and the verification of potential risk factors...
March 1, 2017: Archives of Gynecology and Obstetrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28246065/for-you-and-your-baby-4yyb-adapting-the-centers-for-disease-control-and-prevention-s-text4baby-program-for-saudi-arabia
#20
Soha Bahanshal, Steven Coughlin, Benyuan Liu
BACKGROUND: Poor birth outcomes in the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia (KSA) have been found to be partially due to missed prenatal appointments as well as lack of knowledge of healthy pregnancy behaviors. OBJECTIVE: The objectives are to summarize birth outcomes and the antenatal care system in KSA, summarize research related to the US Text4Baby mobile health program, and outline the development of an Arabic version of the Text4baby app, For You and Your Baby (4YYB). METHODS: First, birth outcomes, health care access, and smartphone usage among Saudi Arabian women are reviewed...
February 28, 2017: JMIR Research Protocols
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