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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28448483/trends-in-repeat-births-and-use-of-postpartum-contraception-among-teens-united-states-2004-2015
#1
Deborah L Dee, Karen Pazol, Shanna Cox, Ruben A Smith, Katherine Bower, Martha Kapaya, Amy Fasula, Ayanna Harrison, Charlan D Kroelinger, Denise D'Angelo, Leslie Harrison, Emilia H Koumans, Nikki Mayes, Wanda D Barfield, Lee Warner
Teen* childbearing (one or more live births before age 20 years) can have negative health, social, and economic consequences for mothers and their children (1). Repeat teen births (two or more live births before age 20 years) can constrain the mother's ability to take advantage of educational and workforce opportunities (2), and are more likely to be preterm or of low birthweight than first teen births (3). Despite the historic decline in the U.S. teen birth rate during 1991-2015, from 61.8 to 22.3 births per 1,000 females aged 15-19 years (4), many teens continue to have repeat births (3)...
April 28, 2017: MMWR. Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28448333/challenges-to-breastfeeding-initiation-and-duration-for-teen-mothers
#2
Sonia Cota-Robles, Laura Pedersen, Craig Winston LeCroy
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to evaluate breastfeeding practices of teen mothers in a pre- and postnatal education and support program. STUDY DESIGN AND METHODS: We studied breastfeeding practices of primarily Hispanic and non-Hispanic White teen mothers who participated in the Teen Outreach Pregnancy Services (TOPS) program, which promoted breastfeeding through prenatal programming and postpartum support. Analyses identified the most common reasons participants had not breastfed and, for those who initiated breastfeeding, the most common reasons they stopped...
May 2017: MCN. the American Journal of Maternal Child Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28444536/a-qualitative-look-into-israeli-genetic-experts-insights-regarding-culturally-competent-genetic-counseling-and-recommendations-for-its-enhancement
#3
Merav Siani, Orit Ben-Zvi Assaraf
The aim of this study is to describe the perceptions and recommendations of Israeli genetic experts in regard to culturally competent genetic counseling. Qualitative data was collected from 15 semi-structured interviews with Israeli genetics experts. Recurring themes were identified using "thematic analysis" and coded by means of "grounded theory". Our analysis divides data from the genetic experts' interviews into four main themes: Why is culturally competent genetic counseling important? (Describing its contribution to individuals and to society); who is the recipient of culturally competent genetic counseling? (Differentiating the needs of counselees based on genetic education, cultural/religious characteristics and geographic location); what should we include in culturally competent genetic counseling? (Addressing the contents that counseling should convey); how should we perform culturally competent genetic counseling? (Addressing the methods that counseling should employ)...
April 25, 2017: Journal of Genetic Counseling
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28430082/a-community-based-survey-on-syrian-refugee-women-s-health-and-its-predictors-in-%C3%A5-anliurfa-turkey
#4
Zeynep Simsek, Nebiye Yentur Doni, Nese Gül Hilali, Gokhan Yildirimkaya
Reproductive characteristics, mental health symptoms, micronutrient deficiencies, and symptoms of sexually transmitted infections (STI) were determined among married Syrian refugee women aged 15-49 years who were living outside of camps in 2015, using probability sampling. Of the 458 participants, 51.3% married before the age of 18 years. Early-age marriages and number of desired children increased after the war. In multivariable analyses, education (adjusted odds ratio [aOR] = 1.2; 95% confidence interval [CI] = 1...
April 21, 2017: Women & Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28428728/randomized-face-to-face-vs-home-exercise-interventions-in-pregnant-women-with-gestational-diabetes
#5
Danielle Symons Downs, Jennifer M Dinallo, Leann L Birch, Ian M Paul, Jan S Ulbrecht
OBJECTIVES: Evaluate effects of a theoretically-based, semi-intensive (Face-to-Face; F2F) exercise intervention and minimum-contact (Home) exercise intervention to the standard care (Control) on exercise, its motivational determinants, blood glucose levels, and insulin use of pregnant women with gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM). DESIGN: Randomized control trial with two intervention arms and control (standard care). METHOD: Participants (N=65) were randomized to a Control (standard prenatal care/GDM dietary counseling), Home (standard care + phone education/support + home exercise), or F2F (standard care + on-site education/support + guided exercise with instructor on 2 days/week) group from ~20 weeks gestation to delivery...
May 2017: Psychology of Sport and Exercise
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28421425/the-role-of-alaska-s-tribal-health-workers-in-supporting-families
#6
Miriam Chernoff, Katie Cueva
Alaska's Community Health Aides/Practitioners (CHA/Ps) are often the sole medical workers in their communities in rural Alaska, and are instrumental in providing healthcare services and education to otherwise underserved individuals. This qualitative study explored how CHA/Ps support healthy families. Six CHA/Ps from two rural communities in western Alaska were interviewed about their scope of practice, interactions with mothers, infants, families, and teens, relationship to other medical providers, and perceptions of their work...
April 18, 2017: Journal of Community Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28418804/determinants-of-nonmedically-indicated-in-hospital-supplementation-of-infants-whose-birthing-parents-intended-to-exclusively-breastfeed
#7
Julia Temple Newhook, Leigh Anne Newhook, William K Midodzi, Janet Murphy Goodridge, Lorraine Burrage, Nicole Gill, Beth Halfyard, Laurie Twells
BACKGROUND: Despite high rates of intention to exclusively breastfeed, rates of exclusive breastfeeding in Canada are low. Supplementation may begin in hospital and is associated with reduced breastfeeding duration. Research aim: The aim of this investigation was to explore determinants of in-hospital nonmedically indicated supplementation of infants whose birthing parents intended to exclusively breastfeed. METHODS: This study is a cross-sectional one-group nonexperimental design, focused on participants who intended to exclusively breastfeed for 6 months ( n = 496)...
May 2017: Journal of Human Lactation: Official Journal of International Lactation Consultant Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28418800/predictors-of-breastfeeding-initiation-and-maintenance-in-an-integrated-healthcare-setting
#8
Michelle L Henninger, Stephanie A Irving, Tia L Kauffman, Samantha K Kurosky, Kathryn Rompala, Mark G Thompson, Leslie Z Sokolow, Lyndsay Ammon Avalos, Sarah W Ball, Pat Shifflett, Allison L Naleway
BACKGROUND: The American Academy of Pediatrics recommends exclusive breastfeeding to age 6 months. Although breastfeeding rates in the United States have been increasing over time, further improvements are needed to meet Healthy People 2020 targets. Research aim: This study examined predictors of breastfeeding initiation and maintenance among a population of insured pregnant women. METHODS: Participants were 1,149 pregnant women enrolled in the Pregnancy and Influenza Project in two Kaiser Permanente regions in 2010-2011...
May 2017: Journal of Human Lactation: Official Journal of International Lactation Consultant Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28417515/do-maternal-depression-and-anxiety-influence-children-s-oral-health-related-quality-of-life
#9
Francine Dos Santos Costa, Marina Sousa Azevedo, Thiago Machado Ardenghi, Ricardo Tavares Pinheiro, Flávio Fernando Demarco, Marília Leão Goettems
OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to investigate the influence of depressive and anxiety symptoms in young mothers on their perception in relation to their children's oral health-related quality of life (COHRQoL). METHODS: This cross-sectional study was carried out in Pelotas, Southern Brazil, and it was nested in a cohort of adolescent mothers having their prenatal care in public health service, starting in 2008. When the children were aged 24-36 months, they and their mothers were interviewed and submitted to clinical examination by a trained team...
April 17, 2017: Community Dentistry and Oral Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28412676/investigation-of-sub-health-status-of-neonates-in-heping-street-region-beijing-and-analysis-on-related-risk-factors
#10
Chen Jie, Shi Mai, Li Qiuju, Ye Fang, Liu Fang, Fan Qinying, Zhang Yong, Wang Lin
To investigate sub-health status of neonates in Heping Street Region and related risk factors. Then, 7436 maternal women admitted to hospital in Heping Street Region, Beijing were enrolled from October 2013 to September 2015, including 293 women, who gave birth to sub-health neonates. Questionnaire survey was conducted to collect maternal age, education degree, experiences and income, occupation, life habit, condition in pregnancy, condition in perinatal period, adverse reaction in pregnancy, etc. Finally, 281 effective questionnaires were regained with effective regain rate of 95...
November 2016: Pakistan Journal of Pharmaceutical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28403953/risk-factors-of-preterm-birth-in-france-in-2010-and-changes-since-1995-results-from-the-french-national-perinatal-surveys
#11
C Prunet, M Delnord, M-J Saurel-Cubizolles, F Goffinet, B Blondel
OBJECTIVES: To investigate risk factors of total, spontaneous and induced preterm birth in 2010 and differences between 1995 and 2010. MATERIAL AND METHODS: The national perinatal surveys are based on a representative sample of births in France. We selected live-born singletons (n=14,326 in 2010 and 12,885 in 1995) and used multiple regression analyses to calculate adjusted odds ratios (aOR) for maternal sociodemographic characteristics, obstetric history, prenatal care and smoking...
January 2017: J Gynecol Obstet Hum Reprod
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28403832/centering-and-racial-disparities-cradle-study-rationale-and-design-of-a-randomized-controlled-trial-of-centeringpregnancy-and-birth-outcomes
#12
Liwei Chen, Amy H Crockett, Sarah Covington-Kolb, Emily Heberlein, Lu Zhang, Xiaoqian Sun
BACKGROUND: In the United States, preterm birth (PTB) before 37 weeks gestational age occurs at an unacceptably high rate, and large racial disparities persist. To date, medical and public health interventions have achieved limited success in reducing rates of PTB. Innovative changes in healthcare delivery are needed to improve pregnancy outcomes. One such model is CenteringPregnancy group prenatal care (GPNC), in which individual physical assessments are combined with facilitated group education and social support...
April 13, 2017: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28403340/fertility-rates-and-perinatal-outcomes-of-adolescent-pregnancies-a-retrospective-population-based-study
#13
Maria de Lourdes de Souza, Fiona Ann Lynn, Linda Johnston, Eduardo Cardoso Teixeira Tavares, Odaléa Maria Brüggemann, Lúcio José Botelho
Objective: analyze trends in fertility rates and associations with perinatal outcomes for adolescents in Santa Catarina, Brazil. Methods: a population-based study covering 2006 to 2013 was carried out to evaluate associations between perinatal outcomes and age groups, using odds ratios, and Chi-squared tests. Results: differences in the fertility rate among female adolescents across regions and time period were observed, ranging from 40.9 to 72...
April 6, 2017: Revista Latino-americana de Enfermagem
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28399669/risk-for-spontaneous-preterm-birth-among-inter-racial-ethnic-couples
#14
Bat Zion Shachar, Jonathan A Mayo, Deirdre J Lyell, David K Stevenson, Gary M Shaw, Yair J Blumenfeld
OBJECTIVE: Approximately 10% of US couples are inter-racial/ethnic. Substantial variation in preterm birth (PTB) rates is seen when stratified by race/ethnicity, although most studies focused solely on maternal racial/ethnic demographics. Our aims were to analyze the contribution of paternal in addition to maternal race/ethnicity, and to evaluate risk of spontaneous PTB for previously understudied inter-racial/ethnic couples. METHODS: California singleton live births from 2007 to 2010 were included...
April 12, 2017: Journal of Maternal-fetal & Neonatal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28398703/air-pollution-neighborhood-acculturation-factors-and-neural-tube-defects-among-hispanic-women-in-california
#15
Amy M Padula, Wei Yang, Suzan L Carmichael, Frederick Lurmann, John Balmes, S Katharine Hammond, Gary M Shaw
BACKGROUND: Neural tube defects (NTDs) are one of the most common types of birth defects. Environmental pollutants and acculturation have been associated with NTDs independently. The potential effect modification of acculturation in the relationship between ambient air pollution and risks of NTDs is not well understood. METHODS: We investigated whether associations between traffic-related air pollutant exposure in early gestation and NTDs, and more specifically spina bifida, were modified by individual and neighborhood acculturation factors among 139 cases and 466 controls born in the San Joaquin Valley of California, 1997 to 2006...
April 3, 2017: Birth Defects Res
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28394657/both-prenatal-and-postnatal-interventions-are-needed-to-improve-breastfeeding-outcomes-in-a-low-income-population
#16
Paula K Schreck, Krista Solem, Tamika Wright, Colleen Schulte, Kimberly J Ronnisch, Susan Szpunar
BACKGROUND: Breastfeeding provides many health benefits for mothers and their infants that span their life course. Despite this, national breastfeeding rates are below benchmarks set by the CDC (Centers for Disease Control and Prevention). Breastfeeding rates in the Detroit low-income population are particularly low. OBJECTIVE: To measure the effect of hospital-based prenatal and postnatal breastfeeding interventions on breastfeeding initiation and continuation rates in a low-income population...
April 2017: Breastfeeding Medicine: the Official Journal of the Academy of Breastfeeding Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28393324/maternal-prenatal-stress-and-other-developmental-risk-factors-for-adolescent-depression-spotlight-on-sex-differences
#17
Seth D Maxwell, Anna M Fineberg, Deborah A Drabick, Shannon K Murphy, Lauren M Ellman
Maternal stress during pregnancy has been linked to premorbid abnormalities associated with depression (e.g., difficult temperament, cognitive deficits) in offspring. However, few studies have looked across developmental periods to examine maternal stress during pregnancy and offspring depression during adolescence and whether these associations differ by sex. The current study used data from 1711 mother-offspring dyads (offspring sex: 49.8% male) in a longitudinal birth cohort study. Maternal narratives collected during pregnancy were qualitatively coded for stress-related themes by independent raters...
April 10, 2017: Journal of Abnormal Child Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28388979/antenatal-education-on-pregnant-adolescents-in-turkey-prenatal-adaptation-postpartum-adaptation-and-newborn-perceptions
#18
Yılda Arzu Aba, Nuran Kömürcü
PURPOSE: This clinical trial study was planned in order to evaluate the effect of antenatal education on antenatal and postpartum adaptation and newborn perceptions among adolescent pregnant women. METHODS: A research assistant met with pregnant adolesencents in a Family Health Center and at the participants' homes. The sample included 70 pregnant adolescents (35 in experimental group, 35 in control group) chosen through simple random sampling. The experimental group received antenatal eduation, whereas the control group merely had routine surveillance...
March 2017: Asian Nursing Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28386676/attitudes-and-beliefs-among-high-and-low-risk-population-groups-towards-%C3%AE-thalassemia-prevention-a-cross-sectional-descriptive-study-from-india
#19
Swati Chawla, Rajnish Kumar Singh, Bhaskar V K S Lakkakula, Raghavendra Rao Vadlamudi
β-thalassemia is an autosomal recessive blood disorder caused by gene mutations that affect all aspects of β-globin production. In majority of Asian countries including India, the frequency of β-thalassemia is closely intertwined with social, cultural, and religious issues of the respective country. Several national level screening programs imparted education regarding β-thalassemia, but follow-up evaluation revealed that education was not effective. It has been hypothesized that the beliefs and attitudes, carrier screening, and education among "high risk communities" will have far-reaching implications towards β-thalassemia prevention in the country...
April 6, 2017: Journal of Community Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28384937/attitude-of-reproductive-healthcare-providers-to-prenatal-diagnosis-in-a-low-resource-nigerian-setting
#20
Leonard Ogbonna Ajah, Silas Alegu Nwali, Christopher Chim Amah, Theophilus Ogochukwu Nwankwo, Lucky Osaheni Lawani, Benjamin Chukwuma Ozumba
INTRODUCTION: Prenatal diagnosis comprises all diagnostic modalities aimed at gaining information about the embryo or fetal wellbeing. It enables antenatal care tailored to the individual need(s) of the fetus. AIM: To determine the knowledge, practice and prospect of prenatal diagnosis among reproductive health care providers in Abakaliki, Nigeria. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This was a cross-sectional descriptive study in which completely filled self-administered semi-structured questionnaires were retrieved from 182 reproductive healthcare providers at Federal Teaching Hospital, Abakaliki (FETHA)...
February 2017: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
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