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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28818244/breastfeeding-and-breast-cancer-risk-reduction-implications-for-black-mothers
#1
Erica H Anstey, Meredith L Shoemaker, Chloe M Barrera, Mary Elizabeth O'Neil, Ashley B Verma, Dawn M Holman
Breast cancer is the most commonly diagnosed cancer and a leading cause of death from cancer among U.S. women. Studies have suggested that breastfeeding reduces breast cancer risk among parous women, and there is mounting evidence that this association may differ by subtype such that breastfeeding may be more protective of some invasive breast cancer types. The purpose of this review is to discuss breast cancer disparities in the context of breastfeeding and the implications for black mothers. Black women in the U...
September 2017: American Journal of Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28814627/prematurity-and-sudden-unexpected-infant-deaths-in-the-united-states
#2
Barbara M Ostfeld, Ofira Schwartz-Soicher, Nancy E Reichman, Julien O Teitler, Thomas Hegyi
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Prematurity, a strong risk factor for sudden unexpected infant death (SUID), was addressed in recommendations by the American Academy of Pediatrics in 2011 for safe sleep education in NICUs. We documented associations between gestational age (GA) and SUID subsequent to these guidelines. METHODS: Using the 2012-2013 US linked infant birth and death certificate period files, we documented rates per live births of sudden infant death syndrome, ill-defined and unspecified causes, accidental suffocation and strangulation in bed, and overall SUID by GA in postneonatal, out-of-hospital, and autopsied cases; compared survivors and cases; and estimated logistic regression models of associations between GA and SUID...
June 5, 2017: Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28811050/vaccine-decision-making-begins-in-pregnancy-correlation-between-vaccine-concerns-intentions-and-maternal-vaccination-with-subsequent-childhood-vaccine-uptake
#3
M H Danchin, J Costa-Pinto, K Atwell, H Willaby, K Wiley, M Hoq, J Leask, K P Perrett, Jacinta O'Keefe, M L Giles, H Marshall
INTRODUCTION: Maternal and childhood vaccine decision-making begins prenatally. Amongst pregnant Australian women we aimed to ascertain vaccine information received, maternal immunisation uptake and attitudes and concerns regarding childhood vaccination. We also aimed to determine any correlation between a) intentions and concerns regarding childhood vaccination, (b) concerns about pregnancy vaccination, (c) socioeconomic status (SES) and (d) uptake of influenza and pertussis vaccines during pregnancy and routine vaccines during childhood...
August 12, 2017: Vaccine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28806489/characteristics-of-spontaneous-births-attended-by-midwives-and-physicians-in-us-hospitals-in-2014
#4
Patrick Thornton
INTRODUCTION: This study compares characteristics and birth outcomes of women attended by certified nurse-midwives/certified midwives (midwives) and physicians in US hospitals in 2014. METHODS: Data reported in 2014 on the 2003 version of the US birth certificate were examined. Spontaneous vaginal births attributed to midwives and physicians and occurring in hospitals were included. Demographic and risk profiles and adjusted odds ratios for maternal and newborn outcomes were compared by provider type...
August 14, 2017: Journal of Midwifery & Women's Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28806464/beyond-back-to-sleep-ways-to-further-reduce-the-risk-of-sudden-infant-death-syndrome
#5
Fern R Hauck, Kawai O Tanabe
Sudden infant death syndrome (SIDS) remains the leading cause of postneonatal mortality in the United States, despite reduction in rates of more than 50% since the initiation of the "Back to Sleep" (now called "Safe to Sleep") campaign in 1994. In recent years, the rate of decline in SIDS deaths has plateaued, even with the ongoing educational efforts that promote safe sleep and other risk reduction measures. The 2016 American Academy of Pediatrics guidelines for reducing the risk of SIDS focus heavily on sleep practices, bedding, and location, but also include factors that often receive less attention (ie, prenatal care, maternal smoking, alcohol and drug use, and childhood vaccinations)...
August 1, 2017: Pediatric Annals
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28799289/prenatal-exposure-to-fever-is-associated-with-autism-spectrum-disorder-in-the-boston-birth-cohort
#6
Martha Brucato, Christine Ladd-Acosta, Mengying Li, Deanna Caruso, Xiumei Hong, Jamie Kaczaniuk, Elizabeth A Stuart, M Daniele Fallin, Xiaobin Wang
Autism spectrum disorder (ASD) is phenotypically and etiologically heterogeneous, with evidence for genetic and environmental contributions to disease risk. Research has focused on the prenatal period as a time where environmental exposures are likely to influence risk for ASD. Epidemiological studies have shown significant associations between prenatal exposure to maternal immune activation (MIA), caused by infections and fever, and ASD. However, due to differences in study design and exposure measurements no consistent patterns have emerged revealing specific times or type of MIA exposure that are most important to ASD risk...
August 11, 2017: Autism Research: Official Journal of the International Society for Autism Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28783546/smoking-during-pregnancy-in-the-united-states-2005-2014-the-role-of-depression
#7
Renee D Goodwin, Keely Cheslack-Postava, Deborah B Nelson, Philip H Smith, Melanie M Wall, Deborah S Hasin, Yoko Nomura, Sandro Galea
BACKGROUND: Despite success of public health-oriented tobacco control programs in lowering the smoking prevalence over the past several decades, it is unclear whether similar reductions in smoking have been experienced among pregnant women, especially in vulnerable groups such as those with major depression and/or lower socioeconomic status. OBJECTIVES: The purpose of this study is to examine the relationship between major depressive episode (MDE) and smoking among pregnant women overall, and by demographics and to estimate changes in the prevalence of cigarette smoking among pregnant women with and without MDE from 2005 to 2014...
July 18, 2017: Drug and Alcohol Dependence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28781890/self-reported-pregnancy-exposures-and-placental-dna-methylation-in-the-marbles-prospective-autism-sibling-study
#8
Rebecca J Schmidt, Diane I Schroeder, Florence K Crary-Dooley, Jacqueline M Barkoski, Daniel J Tancredi, Cheryl K Walker, Sally Ozonoff, Irva Hertz-Picciotto, Janine M LaSalle
Human placenta is a fetal-derived tissue that offers a unique sample of epigenetic and environmental exposures present in utero. In the MARBLES prospective pregnancy study of high-risk younger siblings of children with autism spectrum disorder (ASD), pregnancy and environmental factors collected by maternal interviews were examined as predictors of placental DNA methylation, including partially methylated domains (PMDs), an embryonic feature of the placental methylome. DNA methylation data from MethylC-seq analysis of 47 placentas of children clinically diagnosed at 3 years with ASD or typical development using standardized assessments were examined in relation to: child's gestational age, birth-weight, and diagnosis; maternal pre-pregnancy body mass index, smoking, education, parity, height, prenatal vitamin and folate intake; home ownership; pesticides professionally applied to lawns or gardens or inside homes, pet flea/tick pouches, collars, or soaps/shampoos used in the 3 months prior to or during pregnancy...
December 2016: Environmental Epigenetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28771494/healthcare-and-sociodemographic-conditions-related-to-severe-maternal-morbidity-in-a-state-representative-population-federal-district-brazil-a-cross-sectional-study
#9
Douglas Dos Santos Moreira, Muriel Bauermann Gubert
BACKGROUND: The concept of severe maternal morbidity (SMM)-a potentially life-threatening condition during pregnancy, childbirth or after termination of pregnancy-can be used as a quality indicator of the health care provided to mothers and children. The aim of this study was to investigate the SMM rate and the main factors associated with this condition among women living in the Federal District, Brazil. METHODS: We conducted a cross-sectional population-based sample survey using a structured questionnaire about the sociodemographic characteristics of the participants' families...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28768563/infant-feeding-decisions-and-behaviours-among-low-income-smoke-exposed-women-timing-and-change-during-pregnancy
#10
Patricia Markham Risica, Kristen McCausland
OBJECTIVE: The present study aimed to describe change in feeding intentions and predictors of breast-feeding intentions during the course of pregnancy. DESIGN: Analysis of prospectively collected data from a larger randomized controlled trial of a health education intervention to reduce environmental smoke exposure among women during and after pregnancy. SETTING: Participants were recruited from prenatal clinics, but all further communication occurred with participating women living in the community...
August 3, 2017: Public Health Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28767281/the-impact-of-prenatal-yoga-on-exercise-attitudes-and-behavior-teachable-moments-from-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#11
Shilpa Babbar, Blake W Porter, Karen B Williams
OBJECTIVE: Pregnancy serves as an opportune time for "teachable moments" to elicit positive behavior change. We evaluated change in exercise perception, behavior and gestational weight gain in participants engaged in a one-hour educational experience. METHODS: Women between 28 0/7 to 36 6/7 weeks with no prior yoga experience carrying a non-anomalous singleton fetus participated in a randomized controlled trial on prenatal yoga. The yoga group engaged in a one-hour yoga class; the attention control educational group, in a one-hour presentation on exercise, nutrition and obesity in pregnancy...
August 2, 2017: International Journal of Yoga Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28764825/living-with-tricuspid-atresia-case-report-with-review-of-literature
#12
Brittany Watson Frock, Amy J Jnah, Desi M Newberry
Tricuspid atresia (TA) is a rare congenital heart defect in which the right atrioventricular connection, the tricuspid valve, is absent. As a result, there is no direct communication between the right atrium and right ventricle. Surgical treatment, including the Fontan procedure, is indicated yet palliative, leaving patients with various lifelong complications. A comprehensive literature review revealed a paucity of evidence-based education on the identification, evaluation, management, treatment, and life span implications of TA...
July 1, 2017: Neonatal Network: NN
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28764745/magnitude-and-associated-factors-of-anemia-among-pregnant-women-in-dera-district-a-cross-sectional-study-in-northwest-ethiopia
#13
Terefe Derso, Zelalem Abera, Amare Tariku
BACKGROUND: Anemia is associated with adverse health and socio-economic consequences among pregnant women. Particularly, severe anemia increases the risk of maternal mortality by 20%. However, literatures are scarce in the northwest Ethiopia. Therefore, this study aimed to determine the magnitude and associated factors of anemia among pregnant women attending antenatal care in Dera District, South Gondar Zone, northwest Ethiopia. METHODS: A facility-based cross-sectional study was conducted in Dera District health centers from June 27 to September 2, 2015...
August 1, 2017: BMC Research Notes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28759881/prenatal-particulate-air-pollution-exposure-and-body-composition-in-urban-preschool-children-examining-sensitive-windows-and-sex-specific-associations
#14
Y Chiu, H Hsu, Ander Wilson, Brent A Coull, Mathew P Pendo, Andrea Baccarelli, Itai Kloog, Joel Schwartz, Robert O Wright, Elsie M Taveras, Rosalind J Wright
BACKGROUND: Evolving animal studies and limited epidemiological data show that prenatal air pollution exposure is associated with childhood obesity. Timing of exposure and child sex may play an important role in these associations. We applied an innovative method to examine sex-specific sensitive prenatal windows of exposure to PM2.5 on anthropometric measures in preschool-aged children. METHODS: Analyses included 239 children born ≥ 37 weeks gestation in an ethnically-mixed lower-income urban birth cohort...
July 28, 2017: Environmental Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28759397/prematurity-and-sudden-unexpected-infant-deaths-in-the-united-states
#15
Barbara M Ostfeld, Ofira Schwartz-Soicher, Nancy E Reichman, Julien O Teitler, Thomas Hegyi
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Prematurity, a strong risk factor for sudden unexpected infant death (SUID), was addressed in recommendations by the American Academy of Pediatrics in 2011 for safe sleep education in NICUs. We documented associations between gestational age (GA) and SUID subsequent to these guidelines. METHODS: Using the 2012-2013 US linked infant birth and death certificate period files, we documented rates per live births of sudden infant death syndrome, ill-defined and unspecified causes, accidental suffocation and strangulation in bed, and overall SUID by GA in postneonatal, out-of-hospital, and autopsied cases; compared survivors and cases; and estimated logistic regression models of associations between GA and SUID...
July 2017: Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28756517/urogynaecology-providers-attitudes-towards-postnatal-pelvic-floor-dysfunction
#16
Carly Marjorie Cooke, Orfhlaith E O'Sullivan, Barry A O'Reilly
INTRODUCTION AND HYPOTHESIS: Postnatal pelvic floor dysfunction (PFD) has a high prevalence and morbidity amongst parturient women. Women should be counselled regarding postnatal PFD. Our aim was to determine urogynaecology providers' knowledge of risk and protective factors for postnatal PFD, and to assess their practice patterns in postnatal PFD counselling. METHODS: An electronic survey was distributed to members of the European Urogynaecology Association (EUGA) and International Urogynaecology Association (IUGA)...
July 29, 2017: International Urogynecology Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28750130/prevalence-of-hearing-loss-among-children-9-to-11-years-old-the-generation-r-study
#17
Carlijn M P le Clercq, Gijs van Ingen, Liesbet Ruytjens, André Goedegebure, Henriette A Moll, Hein Raat, Vincent W V Jaddoe, Rob J Baatenburg de Jong, Marc P van der Schroeff
Importance: Hearing loss (HL), a major cause of disability globally, negatively affects both personal and professional life. Objective: To describe the prevalence of sensorineural hearing loss (SNHL) among a population-based cohort of 9- to 11-year-old children, and to examine potential associations between purported risk factors and SNHL in early childhood. Design, Setting, and Participants: The study was among the general, nonclinical, pediatric community within the city of Rotterdam, the Netherlands, and was conducted between 2012 and 2015 as a cross-sectional assessment within the Generation R Study, a population-based longitudinal cohort study from fetal life until adulthood...
July 27, 2017: JAMA Otolaryngology—Head & Neck Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28735562/diagnostic-and-therapeutic-knowledge-and-practices-in-the-management-of-congenital-syphilis-by-pediatricians-in-public-maternity-hospitals-in-brazil
#18
Raquel Rodrigues Dos Santos, Roberta Pereira Niquini, Francisco Inácio Bastos, Rosa Maria Soares Madeira Domingues
The study aimed to assess conformity with Brazil's standard protocol for diagnostic and therapeutic practices in the management of congenital syphilis by pediatricians in public maternity hospitals. A cross-sectional study was conducted in 2015 with 41 pediatricians working in all the public maternity hospitals in Teresina, the capital of Piauí State, Northeast Brazil, through self-completed questionnaires. The study assessed the conformity of knowledge and practices according to the Brazilian Ministry of Health protocols...
January 1, 2017: International Journal of Health Services: Planning, Administration, Evaluation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28732125/birth-preparedness-and-complication-readiness-among-prenatal-attendees-in-a-teaching-hospital-in-south-west-nigeria
#19
Olusola P Aduloju, Akinyemi A Akintayo, Tolulope Aduloju, Oladunni O Akin-Akintayo
OBJECTIVE: To assess birth preparedness and complication readiness (BPCR) as well as knowledge of danger signs during pregnancy, labor/delivery, and the postpartum period. METHODS: A cross-sectional study was undertaken of pregnant women attending the prenatal clinic at a tertiary hospital in Nigeria between October and December 2016. A pretested and structured questionnaire was used to collect data on BPCR, and logistic regression was performed to determine factors affecting BPCR...
July 21, 2017: International Journal of Gynaecology and Obstetrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28732119/association-between-pm2-5-and-pm2-5-constituents-and-preterm-delivery-in-california-2000-2006
#20
Rupa Basu, Dharshani Pearson, Keita Ebisu, Brian Malig
BACKGROUND: Particulate matter (PM) has been documented to contribute to preterm delivery. However, few studies have investigated the relationships between individual constituents of fine PM (PM2.5 ) and preterm delivery, and factors that may modify their associations. METHODS: In this study, we examined the associations between several prenatal exposure metrics to PM2.5 and 23 constituents of PM2.5 and preterm delivery in California from 2000 to 2006. In a retrospective cohort study including 231 637 births, we conducted logistic regression analyses adjusting for maternal, infant, temporal, geographic, and neighbourhood characteristics...
July 21, 2017: Paediatric and Perinatal Epidemiology
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