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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29752225/mindfulness-based-programme-on-the-psychological-health-of-pregnant-women
#1
Wan-Lin Pan, Meei-Ling Gau, Tzu-Ying Lee, Hei-Jen Jou, Chieh-Yu Liu, Tzung-Kuen Wen
PROBLEM: Preparation of psychological well-being is an important component of antenatal education for childbirth, but few courses focus on this component. BACKGROUND: The psychosocial health of pregnant women is known to affect perinatal outcomes. Psychosocial stress in women has been associated with increased obstetric interventions and has been shown to affect the health of both mother and child. AIM: To explore the efficacy of an eight-week Mindfulness-Based Childbirth and Parenting programme on reducing prenatal stress, depression, mindfulness, and childbirth self-efficacy...
May 8, 2018: Women and Birth: Journal of the Australian College of Midwives
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29713123/the-sounds-and-sights-of-natural-childbirth-films-and-records-in-antenatal-preparation-classes-1950s-1980s
#2
Paula A Michaels
Film and sound recordings are a ubiquitous part of the antenatal preparation courses that serve as a rite of passage to parenthood in Western Europe and North America. This article analyses a sample of these didactic tools used in classes from the 1950s to the 1980s, the heyday of the natural childbirth movement. These audio-visual artefacts both reflected and conditioned expectations for women's behaviour during labour and birth through their representation of pain. They demonstrate changing norms in the role of the father, but show how physician authority-and male authority more broadly-remained largely unchallenged...
February 2018: Social History of Medicine: the Journal of the Society for the Social History of Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29673302/disjunctures-in-experiences-of-support-during-the-transition-to-fatherhood-of-men-who-have-used-intimate-partner-violence
#3
Juliana Carlson, Erin Casey
The transition to fatherhood has been shown to be a stressful time for men, and their experiences of identifying and accessing formal and informal support are mixed. However, research on the experience of men who use intimate partner violence (IPV) during the transition to fatherhood is limited. The evidence documenting the prevalence and short- and long-term impact of violence perpetrated by men against women during pregnancy and postpartum demonstrates the seriousness of this public health issue. To understand the mechanisms of interrupting IPV by engaging men, the gap between what is known about experiences of identifying the need for and access to support during the transition to fatherhood of men with past and current histories of using IPV must be bridged...
April 1, 2018: Journal of Interpersonal Violence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29626217/axillary-accessory-breast-optimal-time-for-operation
#4
Sung Ryul Lee, Seung Geun Lee, Geon Young Byun, Myoung Jin Kim, Bum Hwan Koo
BACKGROUND: Accessory breasts are usually located in the axilla. Symptoms associated with an axillary accessory breast (AAB) may newly develop or worsen after pregnancy. After childbirth, AAB engorgement and hyperplasia may occur due to milk formation. We evaluated the optimal time for AAB excision and assessed variations in clinical presentations and surgical outcomes associated with pregnancy. METHODS: In total, 540 women whose symptoms began from puberty and underwent AAB excision were retrospectively analyzed...
April 6, 2018: Aesthetic Plastic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29616672/erythrocyte-phenotype-in-a-pregnant-woman-of-sri-lanka-description-of-the-case-and-complications-related-to-communication-problems
#5
Alvaro Ringressi, Veronica Cunsolo, Francesca Malentacchi, Simone Pozzessere
BACKGROUND: The Bombay phenotype is a rare genetic trait which is characterized by the absence of A, B and H antigens on red cells as well as in body secretions. The serum shows the presence of antibodies against antigen H. Patients with this rare blood type are not easily transfusable. We had observed a woman aged 18, at the 20th week of pregnancy, native of Sri Lanka, with an IgG and IgM class anti-H. We report the case and the clinical issues arisen. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The determination of ABO, Rh[D] group, the indirect antiglobulin test (IAT) were performed in tube techniques and in neutral gel microcolumn...
January 2018: Annali Dell'Istituto Superiore di Sanità
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29515916/removing-user-fees-to-improve-access-to-caesarean-delivery-a-quasi-experimental-evaluation-in-western-africa
#6
Marion Ravit, Martine Audibert, Valéry Ridde, Myriam de Loenzien, Clémence Schantz, Alexandre Dumont
Introduction: Mali and Benin introduced a user fee exemption policy focused on caesarean sections in 2005 and 2009, respectively. The objective of this study is to assess the impact of this policy on service utilisation and neonatal outcomes. We focus specifically on whether the policy differentially impacts women by education level, zone of residence and wealth quintile of the household. Methods: We use a difference-in-differences approach using two other western African countries with no fee exemption policies as the comparison group (Cameroon and Nigeria)...
2018: BMJ Global Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29486388/the-effect-of-prenatal-education-classes-on-the-birth-expectations-of-spanish-women
#7
F J Soriano-Vidal, R Vila-Candel, P J Soriano-Martín, A Tejedor-Tornero, E Castro-Sánchez
BACKGROUND: Maternity care has focused on lowering maternal and neonatal morbidity, though women's beliefs and expectations of care have been set aside. Women face childbirth with preconceived expectations, some of which could be expressed on their birth plan. The latter could beinfluenced by health professionals through prenatal education classes, though this has not been measured before. Antenatal classes have been argued against,since no resulting improvement in childbirth experience has been demonstrated, though some advantages may be seen: they favour communication and give time for expressing maternal expectations and beliefs...
May 2018: Midwifery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29447358/factors-associated-with-maternal-utilization-of-health-facilities-for-delivery-in-ethiopia
#8
Sanni Yaya, Ghose Bishwajit, Michael Ekholuenetale, Vaibhav Shah, Bernard Kadio, Ogochukwu Udenigwe
Background: As a signatory of the Millennium Development Goals, Ethiopia has made significant achievements towards meeting the maternal mortality related goals since 1990. Despite that, the country is still experiencing unacceptably high maternal mortality rates, and challenges to improving the coverage and utilisation of health facility delivery services which represent a key strategy to combat maternal mortality. Currently, there is limited evidence on the factors associated with health facility delivery in Ethiopia...
February 13, 2018: International Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29441503/utilization-of-intergovernmental-funds-to-implement-maternal-and-child-health-plans-of-a-multi-strategy-community-intervention-in-haryana-north-india-a-retrospective-assessment
#9
Madhu Gupta, Federica Angeli, Hans Bosma, Shankar Prinja, Manmeet Kaur, Onno C P van Schayck
INTRODUCTION: A multi-strategy community intervention known as the National Rural Health Mission (NRHM) was implemented in India from 2005 to 2012 in an attempt to reduce maternal and child mortality. OBJECTIVE: This study examined the extent to which the NRHM's maternal and child health (MCH) sector plans were implemented. We observed trends in how intergovernmental (use of central government funds by state governments) budgets were allocated and used to implement MCH plans in Haryana, India...
December 2017: PharmacoEconomics Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29411345/psychosomatic-symptoms-of-the-couvade-syndrome-in-finnish-and-polish-expectant-fathers
#10
Urszula Sioma Markowska, Michalina Zyg, Bogumiła Kiełbratowska
OBJECTIVES: The aim of the study was to assess the occurrence of symptoms associated with the Couvade syndrome in two groups of men of Polish and Finnish nationality, and to perform a comparative analysis. MATERIAL AND METHODS: The study was conducted in two groups of men (expectant fathers): 51 Poles and 40 Finns using a self-constructed questionnaire prepared in Polish and English languages. The statistical analysis was performed in Micro-soft Office Excel 2010 and Statistica 12...
2018: Ginekologia Polska
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29310599/birthplace-choices-what-are-the-information-needs-of-women-when-choosing-where-to-give-birth-in-england-a-qualitative-study-using-online-and-face-to-face-focus-groups
#11
Lisa Hinton, Carol Dumelow, Rachel Rowe, Jennifer Hollowell
BACKGROUND: Current clinical guidelines and national policy in England support offering 'low risk' women a choice of birth setting. Options include: home, free-standing midwifery unit (FMU), alongside midwifery unit (AMU) or obstetric unit (OU). This study, which is part of a broader project designed to inform policy on 'choice' in relation to childbirth, aimed to provide evidence on UK women's experiences of choice and decision-making in the period since the publication of the Birthplace findings (2011) and new NICE guidelines (2014)...
January 8, 2018: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29306737/exposure-to-verbal-abuse-and-neglect-during-childbirth-among-jordanian-women
#12
Fatima Alzyoud, Kaveh Khoshnood, Ahlam Alnatour, Arwa Oweis
Women's relationship with health care providers in maternity settings during childbirth has a significant impact on their wellbeing and lives. The current study aims to explore women exposure to neglect and verbal abuse during childbirth METHOD: a retrospective cross-sectional descriptive design was conducted at four governmental Maternal and Child Health Centers (MCHCs). A final sample of 390 Jordanian women who gave birth within the last 1-3 months was included in the study. Childbirth Verbal Abuse and Neglect Questionnaire (CVANQ) were developed to collect the data...
March 2018: Midwifery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29237011/back-to-bed-from-hospital-to-home-obstetrics-in-the-city-of-chicago
#13
Wendy Kline
This article analyzes the role of doctors and activists in Chicago who successfully redefined the practice and politics of childbirth both locally and ultimately nationwide. It begins with the story of Joseph DeLee's Chicago Maternity Center, responsible for supervising over 100,000 home births between 1932 and 1972. Most of the mothers cared for by the Center were nonwhite, poor, and had little or no access to prenatal care, yet their babies had a far higher survival rate than the nationwide average. Thousands of medical students from all over the Midwest experienced their first deliveries not in hospitals, but in these homes...
December 11, 2017: Journal of the History of Medicine and Allied Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29205275/antenatal-maternal-education-for-improving-postnatal-perineal-healing-for-women-who-have-birthed-in-a-hospital-setting
#14
REVIEW
Sonia M O'Kelly, Zena Eh Moore
BACKGROUND: The female perineum becomes suffused and stretched during pregnancy, and further strain during vaginal childbirth contributes to approximately 85% of women experiencing some degree of trauma to the perineal region. Multiple factors play a role in the type and severity of trauma experienced, including parity, delivery method, and local practices. There is ongoing debate about best midwifery practice to reduce perineal trauma. Once perineal trauma has occurred, treatment also varies greatly, depending on its degree and severity, local practice and customs, and personal preference...
December 4, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29171114/prescription-drug-use-in-pregnancy-and-variations-according-to-prior-psychiatric-history
#15
Katja G Ingstrup, Xiaoqin Liu, Christiane Gasse, Jean-Christophe P Debost, Trine Munk-Olsen
PURPOSE: Prescription drug use during pregnancy has increased during the past decades. However, little is known about prescription drug use for high-risk pregnancies. We aimed to estimate the prevalence of redeemed prescriptions in Danish pregnant women with and without previous psychiatric history. METHODS: A Danish population-based descriptive study of 981 392 pregnancies ending in live-born singletons by 586 988 women aged 15 to 55 years between 1997 and 2012, of which 113 449 (11...
January 2018: Pharmacoepidemiology and Drug Safety
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29165143/characteristics-of-stepfamilies-and-maternal-mental-health-compared-with-non-stepfamilies-in-japan
#16
Masako Sugimoto, Yoshie Yokoyama
BACKGROUND: Stepfamilies remain poorly understood in Japanese society, and the support needs of stepfamily mothers are unclear. This study aimed to identify characteristics of stepfamilies and maternal mental health as compared with non-stepfamilies in Japan to utilize as a primary resource for providing effective support through community-based health care for stepfamilies. METHODS: From December 2011 to July 2012, we conducted this questionnaire survey with mothers at 3- and 4-month checkups for infants...
May 18, 2017: Environmental Health and Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29128739/childbirth-and-parenting-preparation-in-antenatal-classes
#17
M Barimani, K Forslund Frykedal, M Rosander, A Berlin
OBJECTIVES: to describe topics (1) presented by midwives' during antenatal classes and the amount of time spent on these topics and (2) raised and discussed by first-time parents and the amount of time spent on these topics. DESIGN: qualitative; data were gathered using video or tape recordings and analysed using a three-pronged content analysis approach, i.e., conventional, summative, and directed analyses. SETTING AND PARTICIPANTS: 3 antenatal courses in 2 antenatal units in a large Swedish city; 3 midwives; and 34 course participants...
February 2018: Midwifery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28975116/breast-cancer-risk-factor-evaluation-in-a-western-himalayan-state-a-case-control-study-and-comparison-with-the-western-world
#18
Purnima Thakur, Rajeev Kumar Seam, Manoj K Gupta, Manish Gupta, Mukesh Sharma, Vikas Fotedar
CONTEXT: Breast cancer incidence is increasing rapidly in India. The lifestyle, built, genetic makeup, reproductive and breastfeeding patterns are quite different in Indian females when compared to the Western population. Generalizing the Western data to the population residing in the Himalayan region would breed inaccuracies. AIM: The aim of our study was to identify risk factors in our own population in a Western Himalayan state of Himachal Pradesh, India. SUBJECTS AND METHODS: A case-control study with 377 cases of invasive breast cancer and 346 hospital-based controls was conducted for 1 year...
July 2017: South Asian Journal of Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28889814/distinguishing-postpartum-and-antepartum-depressive-trajectories-in-a-large-population-based-cohort-the-impact-of-exposure-to-adversity-and-offspring-gender
#19
C A Denckla, A D Mancini, N S Consedine, S M Milanovic, A Basu, S Seedat, G Spies, D C Henderson, G A Bonanno, K C Koenen
BACKGROUND: Distinguishing temporal patterns of depressive symptoms during pregnancy and after childbirth has important clinical implications for diagnosis, treatment, and maternal and child outcomes. The primary aim of the present study was to distinguish patterns of chronically elevated levels of depressive symptoms v. trajectories that are either elevated during pregnancy but then remit after childbirth, v. patterns that increase after childbirth. METHODS: The report uses latent growth mixture modeling in a large, population-based cohort (N = 12 121) to investigate temporal patterns of depressive symptoms...
September 11, 2017: Psychological Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28888919/patterns-of-symptoms-of-perinatal-depression-and-stress-in-late-adolescent-and-young-adult-mothers
#20
Rosamar Torres, Deepika Goyal, Amanda C Burke-Aaronson, Caryl L Gay, Kathryn A Lee
OBJECTIVE: To compare symptoms of depression, maternal adjustment, and perceived stress in late adolescent and young adult mothers and to examine the patterns of these symptoms during the first 3 months after birth. DESIGN: Secondary analysis of existing longitudinal data. SETTING: San Francisco Bay Area, with participants in their home environments. PARTICIPANTS: Ethnically diverse women expecting their first infants recruited during the third trimester from childbirth education classes and antenatal clinics...
November 2017: Journal of Obstetric, Gynecologic, and Neonatal Nursing: JOGNN
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