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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27885145/trajectories-of-postpartum-depression-depression-in-italian-first-time-fathers
#1
Sara Molgora, Valentina Fenaroli, Matteo Malgaroli, Emanuela Saita
Paternal postpartum depression (PPD) has received little attention compared with maternal prenatal and postpartum depression, despite research reporting that paternal PPD concerns a substantial number of fathers. History of depression and antenatal depression have been identified as important PPD's risk factors, underlining the continuity of depressive symptoms during the transition to parenthood. However, only few studies have focused on the evolution of depressive symptoms with longitudinal research design...
November 23, 2016: American Journal of Men's Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27862837/the-impact-of-motivational-interviewing-on-participation-in-childbirth-preparation-classes-and-having-a-natural-delivery-a-randomised-trial
#2
M Rasouli, G AtashSokhan, A Keramat, A Khosravi, E Fooladi, S A Mousavi
OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to determine the effectiveness of motivational interviewing on women's participation in childbirth classes and their subsequent natural vaginal delivery. DESIGN: Randomised controlled trial. SETTING: Prenatal clinic of the Shohada Women's Hospital, Behshahr, Mazandaran, Iran. POPULATION: This study was conducted with 230 nulliparous women. Participants were randomised into three groups, including 76 women in the motivational interviewing group, and 77 women in both the lecture and the control groups...
November 10, 2016: BJOG: An International Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27859592/childbirth-education-class-and-birth-plans-are-associated-with-a-vaginal-delivery
#3
Yalda Afshar, Erica T Wang, Jenny Mei, Tania F Esakoff, Margareta D Pisarska, Kimberly D Gregory
BACKGROUND: To determine whether the mode of delivery was different between women who attended childbirth education (CBE) class, had a birth plan, or both compared with those who did not attend CBE class or have a birth plan. METHODS: This is a retrospective cross-sectional study of women who delivered singleton gestations > 24 weeks at our institution between August 2011 and June 2014. Based on a self-report at the time of admission for labor, women were stratified into four categories: those who attended a CBE class, those with a birth plan, both, and those with neither CBE or birth plan...
November 15, 2016: Birth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27832743/clinicians-views-of-factors-of-importance-for-improving-the-rate-of-vbac-vaginal-birth-after-caesarean-section-a-study-from-countries-with-low-vbac-rates
#4
Ingela Lundgren, Patricia Healy, Margaret Carroll, Cecily Begley, Andrea Matterne, Mechthild M Gross, Susanne Grylka-Baeschlin, Jane Nicoletti, Sandra Morano, Christina Nilsson, Joan Lalor
BACKGROUND: Caesarean section (CS) rates are increasing worldwide and the most common reason is repeat CS following previous CS. For most women a vaginal birth after a previous CS (VBAC) is a safe option. However, the rate of VBAC differs in an international perspective. Obtaining deeper knowledge of clinicians' views on VBAC can help in understanding the factors of importance for increasing VBAC rates. Focus group interviews with clinicians and women in three countries with high VBAC rates (Finland, Sweden and the Netherlands) and three countries with low VBAC rates (Ireland, Italy and Germany) are part of "OptiBIRTH", an ongoing research project...
November 10, 2016: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27817848/-results-of-percutaneous-mitral-balloon-commissurotomy-in-pregnant-women-about-12%C3%A2-cases
#5
I Zairi, K Mzoughi, F Mroua, F Ben Moussa, I Amri, S Kammoun, S Fennira, S Kraiem
INTRODUCTION: Mitral stenosis (MS) is the most common valvular heart disease revealed or exacerbated by pregnancy. Percutaneous mitral balloon commissurotomy (PMC) is currently the treatment of choice when mitral valve morphology is favorable. AIM OF THE STUDY: The purpose of this study is to evaluate the immediate, medium and long term results of percutaneous mitral balloon commissurotomy in pregnant women with a severe symptomatic mitral stenosis despite medical treatment...
November 3, 2016: Annales de Cardiologie et D'angéiologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27790351/predictors-of-prenatal-empowerment-among-iranian-pregnant-women
#6
Narjes Sadat Borghei, Ali Taghipour, Robab Latifnejad Roudsari, Afsaneh Keramat, Hadi Jabbari Noghabi
INTRODUCTION: Considering that empowering expectant mothers is an important issue to maintain a healthy pregnancy, this study was conducted to evaluate the predictors of empowerment among Iranian pregnant women. METHODS: This cross sectional study was conducted in Golestan, North of Iran in 2015. A total number of 161 pregnant women were selected through random cluster sampling from urban health centers, using PASS software. The socio-political, educational, and mental-financial predictors of empowerment were measured using a self-structured questionnaire during pregnancy and was analyzed by a linear regression model using SPSS version 16...
September 2016: Electronic Physician
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27723071/paternal-engagement-during-childbirth-depending-on-the-manner-of-their-preparation
#7
Urszula Sioma-Markowska, Ryszard Poręba, Mariola Machura, Violetta Skrzypulec-Plinta
OBJECTIVES: The analysis of the forms of paternal activity depending on the manner of their preparation, including stages of labor. MATERIAL AND METHODS: A prospective survey-based study involved 250 fathers who participated in their child's birth. The fathers included in the study were present during all stages of family-assisted natural labor. The study was conducted one day after childbirth with the use of a survey prepared by the authors. Statistical calculations were conducted using the Statistica PL software...
2016: Ginekologia Polska
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27596700/female-genital-mutilation-and-cutting-an-anatomical-review-and-alternative-rites
#8
Vincenzo Puppo
The World Health Organization reports that more than 200 million women currently alive have been subjected to female genital mutilation/cutting (FGM/C) worldwide, and three million girls continue to be at risk each year. FGM/C today is women's business. The vulva is formed by the labia majora and the vestibule, with its erectile apparatus. These structures are located under the urogenital diaphragm, behind the pubic symphysis in the anterior perineal region. The clitoris is entirely an external genital organ: the glans and body covered by the prepuce are visible/free while the roots are hidden...
September 6, 2016: Clinical Anatomy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27479635/predictors-of-breast-feeding-self-efficacy-in-the-immediate-postpartum-period-a-cross-sectional-study
#9
Xiao Yang, Ling-Ling Gao, Wan-Yim Ip, Wai Chi Sally Chan
OBJECTIVE: to examine breast feeding self-efficacy and identify its predictors among mainland Chinese mothers in the early postpartum period. DESIGN AND SETTING: a cross-sectional descriptive questionnaire survey was conducted in a regional teaching hospital with childbirth rate over 3000 per year at Guangzhou, China from April 1 to July 14, 2014. PARTICIPANTS: a total of 571 Chinese mothers who were within 72-96hours post partum were recruited consecutively to the study...
October 2016: Midwifery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27364030/a-comprehensive-view-of-frequent-emergency-department-users-based-on-data-from-a-regional-hie
#10
Steven Howard Saef, Christine Marie Carr, Jeffrey S Bush, Marc T Bartman, Adam B Sendor, Wenle Zhao, Zemin Su, Jingwen Zhang, Justin Marsden, J Christophe Arnaud, Cathy L Melvin, Leslie Lenert, William P Moran, Patrick D Mauldin, Jihad S Obeid
OBJECTIVES: A small but significant number of patients make frequent emergency department (ED) visits to multiple EDs within a region. We have a unique health information exchange (HIE) that includes every ED encounter in all hospital systems in our region. Using our HIE we were able to characterize all frequent ED users in our region, regardless of hospital visited or payer class. The objective of our study was to use data from an HIE to characterize patients in a region who are frequent ED users (FEDUs)...
July 2016: Southern Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27295754/hypnobirth-within-the-nhs-time-to-ditch-the-parent-craft
#11
Teri Gavin-Jones
Antenatal education within the National Health Service (NHS) is a service in decline within some hospital trusts. Classes on offer are being moved into online formats or discontinued completely. Whilst research into antenatal education remains limited, what is known is that good birth preparation is of value. "Participative preparation for childbirth can enhance women's overall satisfaction with the childbirth experience" (Schrader McMillan et al 2009: 49). There are pockets of excellent antenatal education within the NHS, but no system for regulating the quality and content...
May 2016: Practising Midwife
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27239910/-the-results-of-open-and-laparoscopic-appendectomy-in-pregnant-women-with-acute-appendicitis
#12
A V Panin, A V Dubrovsky, D Yu Petrov, A V Smirnov
AIM: To compare conventional and laparoscopic appendectomy in pregnant women. MATERIAL AND METHODS: The study included 86 patients with acute appendicitis who were surgically treated. In group 1 (42 women) laparoscopic approach was used, in group 2 (44 patients) - laparotomy. RESULTS: Postoperative complications were observed in 2 (4.8%) and 3 (6.8%) patients in groups 1 and 2 respectively. All complications related to Clavien-Dindo class I-II...
2016: Khirurgiia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27094980/immediate-stress-reduction-effects-of-yoga-during-pregnancy-one-group-pre-post-test
#13
Momoko Kusaka, Masayo Matsuzaki, Mie Shiraishi, Megumi Haruna
BACKGROUND: Excessive stress during pregnancy may cause mental disorders in pregnant women and inhibit fetal growth. Yoga may alleviate stress during pregnancy. AIM: To verify the immediate effects of yoga on stress response during pregnancy. METHODS: One group pre-post test was conducted at a hospital in Japan. We recruited 60 healthy primiparas without complications and asked them to attend yoga classes twice a month and to practice yoga at their homes using DVD 3 times a week from 20 gestational weeks until childbirth...
April 16, 2016: Women and Birth: Journal of the Australian College of Midwives
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27020073/birth-experiences-in-adult-women-with-a-history-of-childhood-sexual-abuse
#14
Brigitte Leeners, Gisela Görres, Emina Block, Michael Pascal Hengartner
OBJECTIVE: Although childhood sexual abuse (CSA) may seriously impair childbirth experiences, few systematic evaluations on associations, mediating influences, risk and protective factors are available. As such information is mandatory to improve obstetric care, the present study aimed to provide such data. METHODS: The study compared childbirth experiences from 85 women after CSA and at least one pregnancy resulting in a life birth with those from 170 control women matched for nationality, personal age and children's age...
April 2016: Journal of Psychosomatic Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26991367/longitudinal-course-of-ante-and-postpartum-generalized-anxiety-symptoms-and-associated-factors-in-west-african-women-from-ghana-and-c%C3%A3-te-d-ivoire
#15
Dana Barthel, Levente Kriston, Claus Barkmann, John Appiah-Poku, Marguerite Te Bonle, Kra Yao Esther Doris, Bony Kotchi Carine Esther, Koffi Ekissi Jean Armel, Yasmin Mohammed, Yaw Osei, Daniel Fordjour, Dorcas Owusu, Kirsten A Eberhardt, Rebecca Hinz, Mathurin Koffi, Eliezer N'Goran, Samuel Blay Nguah, Harry Tagbor, Stefanie Schoppen, Stephan Ehrhardt, Carola Bindt
BACKGROUND: Little is known about the course of perinatal anxiety, particularly in low and middle income countries. This study aimed at examining trajectories of ante- and postpartum generalized anxiety symptoms in West-African women and their associations with mother and child characteristics. METHODS: 778 women from Côte d'Ivoire and Ghana were investigated between 04/2010 and 03/2014. Anxiety symptoms were measured using the seven-item Generalized Anxiety Disorder scale (GAD-7) at three months antepartum and three, 12 and 24 months postpartum...
June 2016: Journal of Affective Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26848246/theorists-and-techniques-connecting-education-theories-to-lamaze-teaching-techniques
#16
Mary Jo Podgurski
Should childbirth educators connect education theory to technique? Is there more to learning about theorists than memorizing facts for an assessment? Are childbirth educators uniquely poised to glean wisdom from theorists and enhance their classes with interactive techniques inspiring participant knowledge and empowerment? Yes, yes, and yes. This article will explore how an awareness of education theory can enhance retention of material through interactive learning techniques. Lamaze International childbirth classes already prepare participants for the childbearing year by using positive group dynamics; theory will empower childbirth educators to address education through well-studied avenues...
2016: Journal of Perinatal Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26474777/white-s-classification-and-pregnancy-outcome-in-women-with-type-1-diabetes-a-population-based-cohort-study
#17
Miira M Klemetti, Hannele Laivuori, Minna Tikkanen, Mika Nuutila, Vilho Hiilesmaa, Kari Teramo
AIMS/HYPOTHESIS: Our aim was to examine the association of White's classification with obstetric and perinatal risk factors and outcomes in type 1 diabetic patients. METHODS: Obstetric records of a population-based cohort of 1,094 consecutive type 1 diabetic patients with a singleton childbirth during 1988-2011 were studied. The most recent childbirth of each woman was included. RESULTS: The prepregnancy and the first trimester HbA1c increased from White's class B to F (p for trend <0...
January 2016: Diabetologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26385792/phthalates-might-interfere-with-testicular-function-by-reducing-testosterone-and-insulin-like-factor-3-levels
#18
Wei-Hsiang Chang, Sih-Syuan Li, Meng-Hsing Wu, Hsien-An Pan, Ching-Chang Lee
STUDY QUESTION: Do phthalates create a male reproductive hormone imbalance by down-regulating the secretion of testosterone and insulin-like factor 3 (INSL3)? SUMMARY ANSWER: Our study suggests that exposure to phthalates is related to a reduction in the secretion of testosterone and INSL3 in adult males. WHAT IS KNOWN ALREADY: There is evidence that exposure to phthalates, an abundant group of industrial plasticizers, negatively affects testosterone biosynthesis, but little is known about the mechanism in men...
November 2015: Human Reproduction
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26378776/-german-version-of-the-childbirth-self-efficacy-inventory-and-its-short-form
#19
G Schmidt, K Stoll, B Jäger, M M Gross
BACKGROUND: The Childbirth Self-Efficacy Inventory (CBSEI) is an instrument that measures women's perceived self-efficacy towards labour. It is used in 9 countries, a 32-item short form (CBSEI-C32) in 4 countries. German versions of the CBSEI and the CBSEI-C32 have not been developed thus far. METHODS: A forward-backward translation was performed, followed by administration of both instruments to a sample of 155 participants of antenatal classes. Pregnant women answered questions regarding their medical history and user-friendliness of the instruments...
February 2016: Zeitschrift Für Geburtshilfe und Neonatologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26236170/depiction-of-trends-in-administrative-healthcare-data-from-hospital-information-system
#20
Leila R Kalankesh, Faramarz Pourasghar, Mohammad Asghari Jafarabadi, Negar Khanehdan
BACKGROUND: administrative healthcare data are among main components of hospital information system. Such data can be analyzed and deployed for a variety of purposes. The principal aim of this research was to depict trends of administrative healthcare data from HIS in a general hospital from March 2011 to March 2014. METHODS: data set used for this research was extracted from the SQL database of the hospital information system in Razi general hospital located in Marand...
June 2015: Materia Socio-medica
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