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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28706547/factors-related-to-women-s-childbirth-satisfaction-in-physiologic-and-routine-childbirth-groups
#1
Elham Jafari, Parvin Mohebbi, Saeideh Mazloomzadeh
BACKGROUND: Women's satisfaction with childbirth is an important measure of the quality of maternity care services. This study aims to address factors related to women's childbirth satisfaction in physiological and routine childbirth groups. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This descriptive-analytical study was conducted among 340 women in physiological and routine childbirth groups in 2012. Women were selected through convenience sampling method in the routine group and by census in the physiological group...
May 2017: Iranian Journal of Nursing and Midwifery Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28651841/survey-of-nulliparous-parturients-attitudes-regarding-timing-of-epidural-analgesia-initiation
#2
Ghislaine C Echevarria, Gilbert J Grant, Yousun Chung, Jerome Lax
STUDY OBJECTIVE: At our hospital, although >90% of nulliparous parturients eventually choose epidural analgesia for labor, many delay its initiation, experiencing considerable pain in the interim. This survey probed parturients' views about the timing of initiation of epidural labor analgesia. DESIGN: Single-center, nonrandomized quantitative survey. SETTING: Labor and delivery suite in a large tertiary academic medical center. PATIENTS: Two hundred laboring nulliparous women admitted to the labor and delivery suite...
June 23, 2017: Journal of Clinical Anesthesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28607658/exploring-perceptions-of-instructors-about-childbirth-preparation-training-courses-a-qualitative-study
#3
Marzieh Otogara, Akram Karimi-Shahanjarini, Seyed Mohammad Mehdi Hazavehei, Jalal Poorolajal, Nahid Radnia, Forouzan Akrami, Fahimeh Bagheri
BACKGROUND: Childbirth preparation training courses on maternal and neonatal health increase awareness, and capability of pregnant women in overcoming fear and anxiety and managing labor pains. OBJECTIVE: To identify the affecting factors and barriers of these courses from the perspective of their instructors. METHODS: This qualitative study of the content analysis type, has been conducted on 16 certified teachers of the training courses of the Hamadan city in 2015...
April 2017: Electronic Physician
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28580568/causes-and-frequency-of-tocophobia-own-experiences
#4
Urszula Sioma-Markowska, Agnieszka Żur, Violetta Skrzypulec-Plinta, Mariola Machura, Mariola Czajkowska
OBJECTIVES: The phenomenon of tocophobia (pathological fear of labor) has not been fully explored. Currently, there are no diagnostic criteria that would enable its detection or make it recognizable as a disease entity. The aim of study was to determine the degree of anxiety/tocophobia as well as to learn about and analyze the causes of this phenomenon in Polish pregnant women. MATERIAL AND METHODS: The prospective study included 120 pregnant women in the third trimester of gestation from February to May 2016...
2017: Ginekologia Polska
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28438273/yoga-during-pregnancy-the-effects-on-labor-pain-and-delivery-outcomes-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#5
RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED TRIAL
Fereshteh Jahdi, Fatemeh Sheikhan, Hamid Haghani, Bahare Sharifi, Azizeh Ghaseminejad, Mahshad Khodarahmian, Nicole Rouhana
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the effects of an antenatal yoga program on perceived maternal labor pain and delivery outcomes. MATERIAL & METHODS: This randomized control trial was conducted with sixty primiparous women, aged 18-35 years old, who were randomly assigned to either an antenatal yoga program or control groups. Labor pain and discomfort level of the participants were measured using a Visual Analogue Scale at cervical dilatation of 3-4 c and at 2 and 4 h after the initial measurement...
May 2017: Complementary Therapies in Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28379837/tokophobia-fear-of-childbirth-prevalence-and-risk-factors
#6
Karin Demšar, Matija Svetina, Ivan Verdenik, Natasa Tul, Isaac Blickstein, Vislava Globevnik Velikonja
OBJECTIVE: To identify the prevalence of and to determine the risk factors for developing a fear of childbirth (tokophobia). METHODS: We evaluated 191 pregnant women during Parenting and Childbirth Classes. Participants were approached when attending Parenting and Childbirth Classes between June 2014 and September 2014 and were asked to complete several questionnaires related to depression (CES-D), anxiety (STAI X1 and X2), satisfaction with life (SWLS), delivery expectation/experience (W-DEQ), and specific fears...
April 5, 2017: Journal of Perinatal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28241914/comprehensive-description-of-comorbidity-for-autism-spectrum-disorder-in-a-general-population
#7
David Cawthorpe
CONTEXT: Few published studies of autism spectrum disorder (ASD) and comorbidity are population based. OBJECTIVE: To describe the comorbidity of ASD and disorders listed in the main classes of the International Classification of Diseases, Ninth Revision (ICD-9) in a general population. DESIGN: Direct physician billing data for the city of Calgary, Alberta, Canada, for the treatment of any presenting concern in the Calgary Health Zone (n = 763,449) from 1994 to 2009 were extracted...
2017: Permanente Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28213594/brighter-children-the-association-between-seasonality-of-birth-and-child-iq-in-a-population-based-birth-cohort
#8
Nina H Grootendorst-van Mil, Régine P M Steegers-Theunissen, Albert Hofman, Vincent W V Jaddoe, Frank C Verhulst, Henning Tiemeier
OBJECTIVE: Season of birth has repeatedly been found to be a risk indicator for adverse neurodevelopmental outcomes. Several explanations for this finding have been put forward but no conclusion has been reached. In the current study, we explored the role of sociodemographic and biological factors in the association between season of birth and child IQ. DESIGN: In a prenatally recruited birth cohort (born in 2002-2006), we examined the association between season of birth and non-verbal IQ at age 6 years among 6034 children...
February 17, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28198036/sleep-disruption-and-duration-in-late-pregnancy-is-associated-with-excess-gestational-weight-gain-among-overweight-and-obese-women
#9
Caryl L Gay, Sarah E Richoux, Kathleen R Beebe, Kathryn A Lee
BACKGROUND: Poor sleep during pregnancy has been associated with poorer birth outcomes. High body mass index (BMI) is often associated with poor sleep, but little is known about the relationship between gestational weight gain and sleep in late pregnancy. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the relationships of both gestational weight gain and pre-pregnancy BMI to objective and subjective measures of sleep during late pregnancy. METHODS: Pregnant women (n=128) were recruited from prenatal clinics and childbirth classes primarily serving low-income women...
February 15, 2017: Birth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28194202/the-effect-of-presence-of-trained-husbands-beside-their-wives-during-childbirth-on-women-s-anxiety
#10
Atefeh Salehi, Fariba Fahami, Marjan Beigi
BACKGROUND: Childbirth is accompanied with enormous physical and emotional changes in mothers. Anxiety is the most common problem among these patients. This study was aimed to determine the effect of the presence of trained husbands beside their wives during childbirth on their anxiety. MATERIALS AND METHODS: In a randomized control trial, 84 primiparous women were enrolled in childbirth educational classes. Anxiety score was compared among three groups; without accompaniment (control), with accompaniment (doula), and with trained husband's support before hospitalization at the time of admission and during the 4(th) stage of delivery...
November 2016: Iranian Journal of Nursing and Midwifery Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28126668/insomnia-before-and-after-childbirth-the-risk-of-developing-postpartum-pain-a-longitudinal-population-based-study
#11
Børge Sivertsen, Keith J Petrie, Jens Christoffer Skogen, Mari Hysing, Malin Eberhard-Gran
OBJECTIVE: To examine if insomnia before and after childbirth predicts the development of postpartum bodily pain. METHODS: This study is part of a longitudinal cohort study, the Akershus Birth Cohort Study, which targeted all women giving birth at Akershus University Hospital in Norway. The current sample is comprised of 1480 women who participated at all three time points, yielding a participation rate of 32% of the 4662 women who originally consented to participate...
March 2017: European Journal of Obstetrics, Gynecology, and Reproductive Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28038495/evaluation-of-the-impact-of-childbirth-education-classes-in-turkey-on-adaptation-to-pregnancy-process-concerns-about-birth-rate-of-vaginal-birth-and-adaptation-to-maternity
#12
Gul Pinar, Filiz Avsar, Filiz Aslantekin
This study aims to examine the impact of childbirth education in Turkey on the adaptation to pregnancy process, concerns about birth, rate of vaginal birth, and adaptation to maternity. This quasi-experimental study with control group was conducted from December 2013 to December 2014. The sample size was 132 primiparous pregnant women ( nexperimental = 66, ncontrol = 66). The average age of the pregnant women in the experimental and control groups was 24.41 ± 3.92 and 23.68 ± 4.19, respectively. The study showed that experimental group participants had lower concerns about birth, higher levels of knowledge, and faster adaptation to pregnancy and postpartum process; they could also give positive feedback about labor pain and action and could start breastfeeding at an earlier stage when compared with those in the control group ( p < ...
December 1, 2016: Clinical Nursing Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28010994/pelvic-floor-muscle-training-for-secondary-prevention-of-pelvic-organ-prolapse-prevprol-a-multicentre-randomised-controlled-trial
#13
Suzanne Hagen, Cathryn Glazener, Doreen McClurg, Christine Macarthur, Andrew Elders, Peter Herbison, Don Wilson, Philip Toozs-Hobson, Christine Hemming, Jean Hay-Smith, Marissa Collins, Sylvia Dickson, Janet Logan
BACKGROUND: Pelvic floor muscle training can reduce prolapse severity and symptoms in women seeking treatment. We aimed to assess whether this intervention could also be effective in secondary prevention of prolapse and the need for future treatment. METHODS: We did this multicentre, parallel-group, randomised controlled trial at three centres in New Zealand and the UK. Women from a longitudinal study of pelvic floor function after childbirth were potentially eligible for inclusion...
January 28, 2017: Lancet
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27969033/the-effects-of-antenatal-education-on-fear-of-childbirth-maternal-self-efficacy-and-post-traumatic-stress-disorder-ptsd-symptoms-following-childbirth-an-experimental-study
#14
Gözde Gökçe İsbir, Figen İnci, Hatice Önal, Pelin Dıkmen Yıldız
BACKGROUND: Fear of birth and low childbirth self-efficacy is predictive of post-traumatic stress disorder symptoms following childbirth. The efficacy of antenatal education classes on fear of birth and childbirth self-efficacy has been supported; however, the effectiveness of antenatal classes on post-traumatic stress disorder symptoms after childbirth has received relatively little research attention. PURPOSE: This study examined the effects of antenatal education on fear of childbirth, maternal self-efficacy and post-traumatic stress disorder symptoms following childbirth...
November 2016: Applied Nursing Research: ANR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27938870/antenatal-education-in-small-classes-may-increase-childbirth-self-efficacy-results-from-a-danish-randomised-trial
#15
RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED TRIAL
Carina S Brixval, Solveig F Axelsen, Lau C Thygesen, Pernille Due, Vibeke Koushede
Antenatal education in small classes may increase childbirth self-efficacy. In this randomised trial we assessed the effect of a structured antenatal programme versus auditorium-based lectures on childbirth self-efficacy measured by three single items. We found that women in the intervention group reported statistically significant higher levels of confidence in their ability to cope at home during labour compared to the control group. Likewise, the intervention had a positive effect on the women's confidence in own ability to handle the birth process...
December 2016: Sexual & Reproductive Healthcare: Official Journal of the Swedish Association of Midwives
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27885145/trajectories-of-postpartum-depression-depression-in-italian-first-time-fathers
#16
Sara Molgora, Valentina Fenaroli, Matteo Malgaroli, Emanuela Saita
Paternal postpartum depression (PPD) has received little attention compared with maternal prenatal and postpartum depression, despite research reporting that paternal PPD concerns a substantial number of fathers. History of depression and antenatal depression have been identified as important PPD's risk factors, underlining the continuity of depressive symptoms during the transition to parenthood. However, only few studies have focused on the evolution of depressive symptoms with longitudinal research design...
November 23, 2016: American Journal of Men's Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27862837/the-impact-of-motivational-interviewing-on-participation-in-childbirth-preparation-classes-and-having-a-natural-delivery-a-randomised-trial
#17
M Rasouli, G AtashSokhan, A Keramat, A Khosravi, E Fooladi, S A Mousavi
OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to determine the effectiveness of motivational interviewing on women's participation in childbirth classes and their subsequent natural vaginal delivery. DESIGN: Randomised controlled trial. SETTING: Prenatal clinic of the Shohada Women's Hospital, Behshahr, Mazandaran, Iran. POPULATION: This study was conducted with 230 nulliparous women. Participants were randomised into three groups, including 76 women in the motivational interviewing group, and 77 women in both the lecture and the control groups...
March 2017: BJOG: An International Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27859592/childbirth-education-class-and-birth-plans-are-associated-with-a-vaginal-delivery
#18
Yalda Afshar, Erica T Wang, Jenny Mei, Tania F Esakoff, Margareta D Pisarska, Kimberly D Gregory
BACKGROUND: To determine whether the mode of delivery was different between women who attended childbirth education (CBE) class, had a birth plan, or both compared with those who did not attend CBE class or have a birth plan. METHODS: This is a retrospective cross-sectional study of women who delivered singleton gestations > 24 weeks at our institution between August 2011 and June 2014. Based on a self-report at the time of admission for labor, women were stratified into four categories: those who attended a CBE class, those with a birth plan, both, and those with neither CBE or birth plan...
November 15, 2016: Birth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27832743/clinicians-views-of-factors-of-importance-for-improving-the-rate-of-vbac-vaginal-birth-after-caesarean-section-a-study-from-countries-with-low-vbac-rates
#19
Ingela Lundgren, Patricia Healy, Margaret Carroll, Cecily Begley, Andrea Matterne, Mechthild M Gross, Susanne Grylka-Baeschlin, Jane Nicoletti, Sandra Morano, Christina Nilsson, Joan Lalor
BACKGROUND: Caesarean section (CS) rates are increasing worldwide and the most common reason is repeat CS following previous CS. For most women a vaginal birth after a previous CS (VBAC) is a safe option. However, the rate of VBAC differs in an international perspective. Obtaining deeper knowledge of clinicians' views on VBAC can help in understanding the factors of importance for increasing VBAC rates. Focus group interviews with clinicians and women in three countries with high VBAC rates (Finland, Sweden and the Netherlands) and three countries with low VBAC rates (Ireland, Italy and Germany) are part of "OptiBIRTH", an ongoing research project...
November 10, 2016: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27817848/-results-of-percutaneous-mitral-balloon-commissurotomy-in-pregnant-women-about-12%C3%A2-cases
#20
I Zairi, K Mzoughi, F Mroua, F Ben Moussa, I Amri, S Kammoun, S Fennira, S Kraiem
INTRODUCTION: Mitral stenosis (MS) is the most common valvular heart disease revealed or exacerbated by pregnancy. Percutaneous mitral balloon commissurotomy (PMC) is currently the treatment of choice when mitral valve morphology is favorable. AIM OF THE STUDY: The purpose of this study is to evaluate the immediate, medium and long term results of percutaneous mitral balloon commissurotomy in pregnant women with a severe symptomatic mitral stenosis despite medical treatment...
November 3, 2016: Annales de Cardiologie et D'angéiologie
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