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Childbirth class

Urszula Sioma-Markowska, Ryszard Poręba, Mariola Machura, Violetta Skrzypulec-Plinta
OBJECTIVES: The analysis of the forms of paternal activity depending on the manner of their preparation, including stages of labor. MATERIAL AND METHODS: A prospective survey-based study involved 250 fathers who participated in their child's birth. The fathers included in the study were present during all stages of family-assisted natural labor. The study was conducted one day after childbirth with the use of a survey prepared by the authors. Statistical calculations were conducted using the Statistica PL software...
2016: Ginekologia Polska
Vincenzo Puppo
The World Health Organization reports that more than 200 million women currently alive have been subjected to female genital mutilation/cutting (FGM/C) worldwide, and three million girls continue to be at risk each year. FGM/C today is women's business. The vulva is formed by the labia majora and the vestibule, with its erectile apparatus. These structures are located under the urogenital diaphragm, behind the pubic symphysis in the anterior perineal region. The clitoris is entirely an external genital organ: the glans and body covered by the prepuce are visible/free while the roots are hidden...
September 6, 2016: Clinical Anatomy
Xiao Yang, Ling-Ling Gao, Wan-Yim Ip, Wai Chi Sally Chan
OBJECTIVE: to examine breast feeding self-efficacy and identify its predictors among mainland Chinese mothers in the early postpartum period. DESIGN AND SETTING: a cross-sectional descriptive questionnaire survey was conducted in a regional teaching hospital with childbirth rate over 3000 per year at Guangzhou, China from April 1 to July 14, 2014. PARTICIPANTS: a total of 571 Chinese mothers who were within 72-96hours post partum were recruited consecutively to the study...
October 2016: Midwifery
Steven Howard Saef, Christine Marie Carr, Jeffrey S Bush, Marc T Bartman, Adam B Sendor, Wenle Zhao, Zemin Su, Jingwen Zhang, Justin Marsden, J Christophe Arnaud, Cathy L Melvin, Leslie Lenert, William P Moran, Patrick D Mauldin, Jihad S Obeid
OBJECTIVES: A small but significant number of patients make frequent emergency department (ED) visits to multiple EDs within a region. We have a unique health information exchange (HIE) that includes every ED encounter in all hospital systems in our region. Using our HIE we were able to characterize all frequent ED users in our region, regardless of hospital visited or payer class. The objective of our study was to use data from an HIE to characterize patients in a region who are frequent ED users (FEDUs)...
July 2016: Southern Medical Journal
Teri Gavin-Jones
Antenatal education within the National Health Service (NHS) is a service in decline within some hospital trusts. Classes on offer are being moved into online formats or discontinued completely. Whilst research into antenatal education remains limited, what is known is that good birth preparation is of value. "Participative preparation for childbirth can enhance women's overall satisfaction with the childbirth experience" (Schrader McMillan et al 2009: 49). There are pockets of excellent antenatal education within the NHS, but no system for regulating the quality and content...
May 2016: Practising Midwife
A V Panin, A V Dubrovsky, D Yu Petrov, A V Smirnov
AIM: To compare conventional and laparoscopic appendectomy in pregnant women. MATERIAL AND METHODS: The study included 86 patients with acute appendicitis who were surgically treated. In group 1 (42 women) laparoscopic approach was used, in group 2 (44 patients) - laparotomy. RESULTS: Postoperative complications were observed in 2 (4.8%) and 3 (6.8%) patients in groups 1 and 2 respectively. All complications related to Clavien-Dindo class I-II...
2016: Khirurgiia
Momoko Kusaka, Masayo Matsuzaki, Mie Shiraishi, Megumi Haruna
BACKGROUND: Excessive stress during pregnancy may cause mental disorders in pregnant women and inhibit fetal growth. Yoga may alleviate stress during pregnancy. AIM: To verify the immediate effects of yoga on stress response during pregnancy. METHODS: One group pre-post test was conducted at a hospital in Japan. We recruited 60 healthy primiparas without complications and asked them to attend yoga classes twice a month and to practice yoga at their homes using DVD 3 times a week from 20 gestational weeks until childbirth...
April 16, 2016: Women and Birth: Journal of the Australian College of Midwives
Brigitte Leeners, Gisela Görres, Emina Block, Michael Pascal Hengartner
OBJECTIVE: Although childhood sexual abuse (CSA) may seriously impair childbirth experiences, few systematic evaluations on associations, mediating influences, risk and protective factors are available. As such information is mandatory to improve obstetric care, the present study aimed to provide such data. METHODS: The study compared childbirth experiences from 85 women after CSA and at least one pregnancy resulting in a life birth with those from 170 control women matched for nationality, personal age and children's age...
April 2016: Journal of Psychosomatic Research
Dana Barthel, Levente Kriston, Claus Barkmann, John Appiah-Poku, Marguerite Te Bonle, Kra Yao Esther Doris, Bony Kotchi Carine Esther, Koffi Ekissi Jean Armel, Yasmin Mohammed, Yaw Osei, Daniel Fordjour, Dorcas Owusu, Kirsten A Eberhardt, Rebecca Hinz, Mathurin Koffi, Eliezer N'Goran, Samuel Blay Nguah, Harry Tagbor, Stefanie Schoppen, Stephan Ehrhardt, Carola Bindt
BACKGROUND: Little is known about the course of perinatal anxiety, particularly in low and middle income countries. This study aimed at examining trajectories of ante- and postpartum generalized anxiety symptoms in West-African women and their associations with mother and child characteristics. METHODS: 778 women from Côte d'Ivoire and Ghana were investigated between 04/2010 and 03/2014. Anxiety symptoms were measured using the seven-item Generalized Anxiety Disorder scale (GAD-7) at three months antepartum and three, 12 and 24 months postpartum...
June 2016: Journal of Affective Disorders
Mary Jo Podgurski
Should childbirth educators connect education theory to technique? Is there more to learning about theorists than memorizing facts for an assessment? Are childbirth educators uniquely poised to glean wisdom from theorists and enhance their classes with interactive techniques inspiring participant knowledge and empowerment? Yes, yes, and yes. This article will explore how an awareness of education theory can enhance retention of material through interactive learning techniques. Lamaze International childbirth classes already prepare participants for the childbearing year by using positive group dynamics; theory will empower childbirth educators to address education through well-studied avenues...
2016: Journal of Perinatal Education
Miira M Klemetti, Hannele Laivuori, Minna Tikkanen, Mika Nuutila, Vilho Hiilesmaa, Kari Teramo
AIMS/HYPOTHESIS: Our aim was to examine the association of White's classification with obstetric and perinatal risk factors and outcomes in type 1 diabetic patients. METHODS: Obstetric records of a population-based cohort of 1,094 consecutive type 1 diabetic patients with a singleton childbirth during 1988-2011 were studied. The most recent childbirth of each woman was included. RESULTS: The prepregnancy and the first trimester HbA1c increased from White's class B to F (p for trend <0...
January 2016: Diabetologia
Wei-Hsiang Chang, Sih-Syuan Li, Meng-Hsing Wu, Hsien-An Pan, Ching-Chang Lee
STUDY QUESTION: Do phthalates create a male reproductive hormone imbalance by down-regulating the secretion of testosterone and insulin-like factor 3 (INSL3)? SUMMARY ANSWER: Our study suggests that exposure to phthalates is related to a reduction in the secretion of testosterone and INSL3 in adult males. WHAT IS KNOWN ALREADY: There is evidence that exposure to phthalates, an abundant group of industrial plasticizers, negatively affects testosterone biosynthesis, but little is known about the mechanism in men...
November 2015: Human Reproduction
G Schmidt, K Stoll, B Jäger, M M Gross
BACKGROUND: The Childbirth Self-Efficacy Inventory (CBSEI) is an instrument that measures women's perceived self-efficacy towards labour. It is used in 9 countries, a 32-item short form (CBSEI-C32) in 4 countries. German versions of the CBSEI and the CBSEI-C32 have not been developed thus far. METHODS: A forward-backward translation was performed, followed by administration of both instruments to a sample of 155 participants of antenatal classes. Pregnant women answered questions regarding their medical history and user-friendliness of the instruments...
February 2016: Zeitschrift Für Geburtshilfe und Neonatologie
Leila R Kalankesh, Faramarz Pourasghar, Mohammad Asghari Jafarabadi, Negar Khanehdan
BACKGROUND: administrative healthcare data are among main components of hospital information system. Such data can be analyzed and deployed for a variety of purposes. The principal aim of this research was to depict trends of administrative healthcare data from HIS in a general hospital from March 2011 to March 2014. METHODS: data set used for this research was extracted from the SQL database of the hospital information system in Razi general hospital located in Marand...
June 2015: Materia Socio-medica
Manuela Chiavarini, Liliana Minelli
BACKGROUND: Pregnancy and childbirth still involve risk for pregnant women and their babies and health in the perinatal period remains an important public health priority. This study addresses the question of perinatal health in Umbria region. METHODS: Data were obtained from the administrative source of the regional Standard Certificate of Live Births in Umbria in 2012. We used population data, which merges data from each mother and her baby for a total of 7964 records...
May 2015: Annali di Igiene: Medicina Preventiva e di Comunità
Laure Kpéa, Marie-Pierre Bonnet, Camille Le Ray, Caroline Prunet, Anne-Sophie Ducloy-Bouthors, Béatrice Blondel
BACKGROUND: The rate of neuraxial analgesia during labor in France is one of the highest among high-income countries: 77% of vaginal deliveries in 2010. In this context, the question of how women's preferences for delivering without neuraxial analgesia relate to actual use is of interest. Our objective was to study the factors associated with women's initial preference for labor without neuraxial analgesia and those associated with its use in women who initially preferred not to have it...
September 2015: Anesthesia and Analgesia
Riccardo Pertile, Mariangela Pedron, Michela Berlanda, Silvano Piffer
OBJECTIVE: to outline the attendance rate of antenatal classes (ANCs) among women resident in Trentino Region (North-Eastern Italy) during the period 2000-2012; to identify the main sociodemographic characteristics of women who do not attend ANCs and to measure the effectiveness of ANCs attendance. DESIGN: cohort study with a retrospective data collection. SETTING AND PARTICIPANTS: by the computerised database of Trentino Certificates of delivery care, primiparous mothers living in Trentino presenting a physiological pregnancy and birth at term (≥37 weeks of gestation) were selected...
March 2015: Epidemiologia e Prevenzione
Celia Oreja-Guevara
Multiple sclerosis (MS) is a chronic, neurodegenerative disease that has a high impact on patients׳ quality of life. The majority of diagnosed patients are women of childbearing age, making pregnancy-related issues (conception, contraception, childbirth, lactation) a key concern. MS typically stabilizes during pregnancy, particularly in the last trimester. Evidence suggests that the disease does not affect fertility, delivery, fetal health or pregnancy itself and does not cause birth defects. There is no increase in spontaneous abortions although a decreased birth weight has been reported...
November 2014: Multiple Sclerosis and related Disorders
Cristina Teixeira, Susana Silva, Milton Severo, Henrique Barros
OBJECTIVE: This study assessed the influence of socioeconomic position at 12 years of age (SEP-12) on the variability in cesarean rates later in life. METHODS: As part of the Portuguese Generation XXI birth cohort we evaluated 7358 women with a singleton pregnancy who delivered at five Portuguese public hospitals serving the region of Porto (April/2005-September/2006). Based on the twelve items that described socioeconomic circumstances at age 12, a latent class analysis was used to classify women's SEP-12 as high, intermediate and low...
2015: PloS One
Nelson Sass, Dayana C Ferreira, Marcela M A Almeida, Thais A Facca, Miriam R F Silveira, Elisa Chalem, Henri A Korkes, Leandro G Oliveira
OBJECTIVES: Epidemiological data points that 50.0% of the Brazilian population has abnormal body mass index (BMI), of all ages and social classes. Whereas excess fatty tissue may favor the occurrence of PE and that both conditions are correlated with future risk of cardiovascular disease, we consider important to observe the possible impact of these conditions among Brazilian women. METHODS: An observational study was conducted among women with PE. The proportion of BMI in early prenatal care and two years after childbirth without subsequent pregnancy were calculated...
January 2015: Pregnancy Hypertension
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