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Prenatal education

Tiffany Field
The increasing prevalence of postnatal anxiety highlights the need for summarizing the recent research on this condition to inform screening and intervention efforts. This narrative review of the literature was derived from a search on PubMed and PsycINFO for papers published since 2010. The demographic risk factors for postnatal anxiety include being a young mother, having more education and being employed. Childbirth risk factors include being primiparous in one sample and multiparous in another, caesarean delivery, fear of the birth and of death during delivery, lack of control during labor, low self-confidence for the delivery and the delivery staff, and premature delivery...
March 12, 2018: Infant Behavior & Development
Changchang Li, Zhijiang Liang, Michael S Bloom, Qiong Wang, Xiaoting Shen, Huanhuan Zhang, Suhan Wang, Weiqing Chen, Yan Lin, Qingguo Zhao, Cunrui Huang
BACKGROUND: Preterm birth is the leading cause of child mortality under 5 years of age. Temporal trends in preterm birth rates are highly heterogeneous among countries and little information exists for China. To address this data gap, we investigated annual changes in preterm birth incidence rate and explored potential determinants of these changes in Shenzhen, China. METHODS: A total of 1.4 million live births, during 2003-2012, were included from the Shenzhen birth registry...
March 13, 2018: Reproductive Health
Nichole L Hodges, Sarah E Anderson, Lara B McKenzie, Mira L Katz
INTRODUCTION: Little is known about the knowledge, attitudes, and behaviors of certified nurse-midwives related to sudden infant death syndrome and infant safe sleep. However, this population is an important and trusted source of information for pregnant women and may provide guidance on infant care. We explored these topics with certified nurse-midwives to identify potential barriers as well as enabling and reinforcing factors associated with providing infant safe sleep education in the prenatal health care environment...
March 13, 2018: Journal of Midwifery & Women's Health
Carine Milcent, Saad Zbiri
Cesarean deliveries are widely used in many high- and middle-income countries. This overuse both increases costs and lowers quality of care and is thus a major concern in the healthcare industry. The study first examines the impact of prenatal care utilization on cesarean delivery rates. It then determines whether socioeconomic status affects the use of prenatal care and thereby influences the cesarean delivery decision. Using exclusive French delivery data over the 2008-2014 period, with multilevel logit models, and controlling for relevant patient and hospital characteristics, we show that women who do not participate in prenatal education have an increased probability of a cesarean delivery compared to those who do...
March 10, 2018: Health Economics Review
Ana Paula Forte Camarneiro, João Manuel Rosado de Miranda Justo
OBJECTIVES: To observe differences between maternal and paternal prenatal attachment as a function of sociodemographic and clinical/obstetric factors. METHODS: Quantitative descriptive correlational study. INSTRUMENTS: Sociodemographic and Clinical Questionnaire; Maternal and Paternal Antenatal Attachment Scale (Portuguese version by Camarneiro & Justo). Assessments were conducted in antenatal clinics in Central Portugal. PARTICIPANTS: Couples (N = 407), women and men in the second trimester of pregnancy...
July 2017: Journal of Reproductive and Infant Psychology
Jadwiga Hamułka, Monika A. Zielińska, Katarzyna Chądzyńska
Background: Exposure to alcohol and tobacco during pregnancy may lead to developmental disorders in the foetus and can also adversely impact pregnancy outcomes and the newborn’s health status. Objective: Assessment of alcohol consumption and tobacco use during pregnancy as well as their impact on pregnancy outcomes and birth parameters of the newborn in a selected group of mothers with children aged ≤ 2 years. Material and methods: The study was conducted in 104 mothers with children aged ≤ 2 years living in the Mazowiecki Voivodeship...
2018: Roczniki Państwowego Zakładu Higieny
Kim F E van de Loo, Richelle Vlenterie, Sylke J Nikkels, Peter J F M Merkus, Jolt Roukema, Chris M Verhaak, Nel Roeleveld, Marleen M H J van Gelder
BACKGROUND: Depression and anxiety during pregnancy are associated with adverse health outcomes for both mother and child. This study aims to investigate the occurrence of symptoms of depression and anxiety in early and late pregnancy, the longitudinal changes from early to late pregnancy, and factors associated with symptoms of depression and anxiety in pregnant women in the Netherlands. METHODS: We studied 2897 women participating in the PRegnancy and Infant DEvelopment (PRIDE) Study...
March 8, 2018: Birth
Jessica Baker, Cheryl Shuman, David Chitayat, Syed Wasim, Nan Okun, Johannes Keunen, Renee Hofstedter, Rachel Silver
The introduction of chromosomal microarray (CMA) into the prenatal setting has involved considerable deliberation due to the wide range of possible outcomes (e.g., copy number variants of uncertain clinical significance). Such issues are typically discussed in pre-test counseling for pregnant women to support informed decision-making regarding prenatal testing options. This research study aimed to assess the level of informed decision-making with respect to prenatal CMA and the factor(s) influencing decision-making to accept CMA for the selected prenatal testing procedure (i...
March 7, 2018: Journal of Genetic Counseling
Natalia Ignaszak-Kaus, Katarzyna Ozegowska, Piotr Piekarski, Leszek Pawelczyk, Piotr Jędrzejczak
OBJECTIVES: Preconception counseling, maternal health-related habits, diet, folic acid consumption, substances abuse, may all impact the outcome of pregnancy. The aim of this study was to compare the planning and preparation for pregnancy among pregnant women with and without infertility. MATERIAL AND METHODS: A survey of health behaviors prior to and during pregnancy that could affect pregnancy outcomes, including laboratory tests performed, stimulant usage, initiation of prenatal care, and folic acid intake, was conducted among 400 pregnant women...
2018: Ginekologia Polska
Shiri Shkedi-Rafid, Yael Hashiloni-Dolev
Advanced genomic tests in pregnancy, such as chromosomal microarray analysis (CMA), provide higher detection rates yet often produce probabilistic and uncertain information. This study aimed to understand how the most knowledgeable patients, i.e., pregnant genetic counselors, act in their own pregnancies, thereby gaining insight into the impact of patients' knowledge on the diagnostic process. Seventeen interviews were conducted with Israeli genetic counselors, either pregnant or up to 2 years post-pregnancy...
March 3, 2018: Journal of Genetic Counseling
Michiel A van den Dries, Anjoeka Pronk, Mònica Guxens, Suzanne Spaan, Trudy Voortman, Vincent W Jaddoe, Todd A Jusko, Matthew P Longnecker, Henning Tiemeier
BACKGROUND: In the Netherlands organophosphate (OP) pesticides are frequently used for pest control in agricultural settings. Despite concerns about the potential health impacts of low-level OP pesticides exposure, particularly in vulnerable populations, the primary sources of exposure remain unclear. The present study was designed to investigate the levels of DAP metabolites concentrations across pregnancy and to examine various determinants of DAP metabolite concentrations among an urban population of women in the Netherlands...
February 3, 2018: International Journal of Hygiene and Environmental Health
Karl Peltzer, Sibusiso Sifunda, Lissa N Mandell, Violeta J Rodriguez, Tae Kyoung Lee, Ryan Cook, Stephen M Weiss, Deborah L Jones
Introduction: This study aimed to assess fertility intentions (planning to have more children in the future) and associated factors among pregnant and postpartum HIV positive women in rural South Africa. Methods: In a longitudinal study, as part of a prevention of mother to child transmission (PMTCT) intervention trial, 699 HIV positive prenatal women, were systematically recruited and followed up at 6 months and 12 months postpartum (retention rate = 59.5%). Results: At baseline, 32...
2018: HIV/AIDS: Research and Palliative Care
Kavita Shah Arora, Barbara Wilkinson, Emily Verbus, Mary Montague, Jane Morris, Mustafa Ascha, Brian M Mercer
OBJECTIVE: We sought to assess fulfillment of sterilization requests while accounting for the complex interplay between insurance, clinical, and social factors in a contemporary context that included both inpatient and outpatient postpartum sterilization procedures. STUDY DESIGN: This is a retrospective single-center cohort chart review study of 1331 women with a documented contraceptive plan at time of postpartum discharge of sterilization. We compared sterilization fulfillment within 90days of delivery, time to sterilization, and rate of subsequent pregnancy after non-fulfillment between women with Medicaid and women with private insurance...
February 25, 2018: Contraception
F J Soriano-Vidal, R Vila-Candel, P J Soriano-Martín, A Tejedor-Tornero, E Castro-Sánchez
BACKGROUND: Maternity care has focused on lowering maternal and neonatal morbidity, though women's beliefs and expectations of care have been set aside. Women face childbirth with preconceived expectations, some of which could be expressed on their birth plan. The latter could beinfluenced by health professionals through prenatal education classes, though this has not been measured before. Antenatal classes have been argued against,since no resulting improvement in childbirth experience has been demonstrated, though some advantages may be seen: they favour communication and give time for expressing maternal expectations and beliefs...
February 8, 2018: Midwifery
Humayun Kiser, Tasmina Nasrin
Maternal and child mortality are the key indicators of health and development of the country. Maternal and child health are interconnected to prenatal care. Consulting a doctor at the prenatal stage will not only ensure mother's and her unborn babies' safety, but also has a great influence to reduce the maternal and infant mortality. In this paper, an attempt has been made to analyze the status of prenatal care provided by the qualified doctor among pregnant mothers in Bangladesh. Data and required information of 8793 reproductive women were collected from the Bangladesh Demographic and Health Survey (BDHS) 2014...
December 2018: Health Information Science and Systems
(no author information available yet)
Individual prenatal care is intended to prevent poor perinatal outcomes and provide education to women throughout pregnancy, childbirth, and the postpartum period through a series of one-on-one encounters between a woman and her obstetrician or other obstetric care provider. Concerns regarding increasing health care costs, health care provider availability, dissatisfaction with wait times, and the minimal opportunity for education and support associated with the individual care model have given rise to interest in alternative models of prenatal care...
March 2018: Obstetrics and Gynecology
(no author information available yet)
Individual prenatal care is intended to prevent poor perinatal outcomes and provide education to women throughout pregnancy, childbirth, and the postpartum period through a series of one-on-one encounters between a woman and her obstetrician or other obstetric care provider. Concerns regarding increasing health care costs, health care provider availability, dissatisfaction with wait times, and the minimal opportunity for education and support associated with the individual care model have given rise to interest in alternative models of prenatal care...
March 2018: Obstetrics and Gynecology
Mariela Soledad Pawluk, Hebe Campaña, Monica Rittler, Fernando Adrián Poletta, Viviana R Cosentino, Juan Antonio Gili, Lucas Gabriel Gimenez, Jorge Santiago López Camelo
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to analyze the effects of individual low socioeconomic status (SES) and deprived geographical area (GA) on the occurrence of isolated cleft lip with or without cleft palate (CL±P) in Argentina. METHODS: This case-control study included 577 newborns with isolated CL±P and 13 344 healthy controls, born between 1992 and 2001, from a total population of 546 129 births in 39 hospitals in Argentina. Census data on unsatisfied basic needs were used to establish the degree of geographical area deprivation...
February 19, 2018: Revista Panamericana de Salud Pública, Pan American Journal of Public Health
Karen Kroeger, Thurka Sangaramoorthy, Penny S Loosier, Rebecca Schmidt, DeAnn Gruber
BACKGROUND: Congenital syphilis (CS) disproportionately affects racial and ethnic minority women, especially in the US South. While CS is relatively easy and inexpensive to prevent through screening and treatment of pregnant women, CS cases have continued to rise and are concentrated in relatively few US counties and states. In 2010, Louisiana had the highest case rate in the country for primary, secondary, and congenital syphilis, with the highest number of CS cases in northwest Louisiana, where Shreveport is located...
January 10, 2018: Sexually Transmitted Diseases
Virginia B Bowen, Thomas A Peterman, Dinorah L Calles, Antoine Thompson, Robert Kirkcaldy, Melanie Taylor
This article summarizes a multi-state outbreak of heterosexual syphilis, including 134 cases of syphilis in adults and adolescents and at least two cases of congenital syphilis, which occurred on an American Indian reservation in the United States during 2013-2015. In addition to providing salient details about the outbreak, the article seeks to document the case-finding and treatment activities undertaken, their relative success or failure, and the lessons learned from a coordinated, multiagency response. Of 134 adult cases of syphilis, 40% were identified by enhanced, interagency contact tracing and partner services; 26% through symptomatic testing; and 16% through screening of asymptomatic individuals as the result of an electronic medical record (EMR) screening prompt...
February 13, 2018: Sexually Transmitted Diseases
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