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Prenatal education

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29142651/prevention-of-insulin-resistance-by-dietary-intervention-among-pregnant-mothers-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#1
Masoomeh Goodarzi-Khoigani, Seyed Saeed Mazloomy Mahmoodabad, Mohammad Hossein Baghiani Moghadam, Azadeh Nadjarzadeh, Farahnaz Mardanian, Hossein Fallahzadeh, Azam Dadkhah-Tirani
Background: Chronic insulin resistance (IR) is a basic part of the pathophysiology of gestational diabetes mellitus. Nutrition significantly impacts IR and weight loss reduces insulin levels, whereas weight gain increases the concentrations. Therefore, we surveyed the effect of nutrition intervention on IR in pregnant women and whether this effect is irrespective of weight gaining in accordance with Institute of Medicine limits. Methods: This prospective, randomized clinical trial was carried out among 150 primiparous pregnant mothers in fifteen health centers, five hospitals, and 15 private obstetrical offices in Isfahan...
2017: International Journal of Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29141330/-prenatal-supplementations-of-iron-iron-containing-multimicronutrients-and-antianemic-chinese-patent-medicines-in-women-in-shaanxi-province-2010-2013
#2
D M Liu, J M Li, P F Qu, S N Dang, X Y Wu, R Zhang, H Yan, H Yan
Objective: To understand the prevalence of prenatal supplementations of iron, iron-containing multi-micronutrients (IMMN) and antianemic Chinese patent medicines (ACPM) and associated factors in women in Shaanxi province. Methods: A sample of 28 367 childbearing-age women who gave birth during 2010-2013 and had specific information of the prenatal nutrients supplementation were recruited using stratified multistage cluster random sampling in Shaanxi province. The information about their basic characteristics and prenatal supplementation of nutrients were collected by a questionnaire survey...
November 10, 2017: Zhonghua Liu Xing Bing Xue za Zhi, Zhonghua Liuxingbingxue Zazhi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29140734/preeclampsia-knowledge-among-women-in-utah
#3
Jessica Wilkinson, Gene Cole
BACKGROUND: Despite the benefits of preeclampsia (PE) education in improving health outcomes, little is known about how often healthcare providers in Utah include PE in prenatal education or how much information women retain. As such, the purpose of this study was to explore PE awareness among mothers in Utah and inquire how often PE is included in prenatal education. Factors associated with PE knowledge were also investigated. METHODS: A cross-sectional survey was conducted...
November 15, 2017: Hypertension in Pregnancy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29135087/screening-women-for-at-risk-alcohol-use-an-introduction-to-screening-brief-intervention-and-referral-to-treatment-sbirt-in-women-s-health
#4
Maridee D Shogren, Christine Harsell, Thomasine Heitkamp
A significant number of women engage in at-risk drinking behavior, or heavy alcohol use. Women are especially at risk for the negative impact of excessive alcohol consumption secondary to gender differences in body structure, chemistry, and alcohol absorption. In addition, women who drink alcohol during pregnancy risk fetotoxic effects. Screening for at-risk alcohol use is considered best practice during primary care and prenatal care visits and is an integral component of preventive care services for women...
November 14, 2017: Journal of Midwifery & Women's Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29131740/the-impact-of-prenatal-yoga-on-exercise-attitudes-and-behavior-teachable-moments-from-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#5
Shilpa Babbar, Blake W Porter, Karen B Williams
OBJECTIVE: Pregnancy serves as an opportune time for "teachable moments" to elicit positive behavior change. We evaluated change in exercise perception, behavior and gestational weight gain in participants engaged in a one-hour educational experience. METHODS: Women between 28 0/7 to 36 6/7 weeks with no prior yoga experience carrying a non-anomalous singleton fetus participated in a randomized controlled trial on prenatal yoga. The yoga group engaged in a one-hour yoga class; the attention control educational group, in a one-hour presentation on exercise, nutrition and obesity in pregnancy...
November 2017: International Journal of Yoga Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29131703/expectant-inner-city-women-attitudes-about-contraception-given-infant-feeding-choice
#6
Elena Fuell Wysong, Krystel Tossone, Lydia Furman
PURPOSE: We sought to examine whether low-income inner-city expectant women who intend to breastfeed make different contraceptive choices than those who intend to formula feed. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This cross-sectional pilot study surveyed expectant women age 14 years and older receiving prenatal care at MacDonald Women's Hospital, Cleveland Ohio (01 November 2016-15 January 2017). Questions assessed knowledge and attitudes regarding infant feeding and contraception options, and postpartum feeding and contraceptive intentions...
November 13, 2017: European Journal of Contraception & Reproductive Health Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29129033/infant-safe-sleep-a-survey-of-the-knowledge-attitudes-and-behaviors-of-obstetric-physicians
#7
Nichole L Hodges, Sarah E Anderson, Lara B McKenzie, Mira L Katz
Obstetricians may be a pregnant woman's primary professional source of information about her infant prior to the birth, but infant safe sleep knowledge, attitudes and behaviors of this population are unknown. This study explores obstetric physicians' knowledge, attitudes, and behaviors related to Sudden Infant Death Syndrome and infant safe sleep and identifies barriers as well as enabling and/or reinforcing factors associated with providing infant safe sleep education in the prenatal environment. A cross-sectional survey was conducted with obstetric physicians who provide prenatal healthcare to women in Ohio...
November 11, 2017: Journal of Community Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29128989/infant-mortality-lessons-learned-from-a-fetal-and-infant-mortality-review-program
#8
Haywood L Brown, Mark Smith, Yvonne Beasley, Teri Conard, Anne Lise Musselman, Virginia A Caine
Objective To review fetal and infant deaths from women enrolled in Indianapolis Healthy Start using the National Fetal and Infant Mortality Review (FIMR) methods to provide strategies for prevention. METHODS: Marion County Public Health Department (MCPHD) FIMR staff identified and reviewed 22 fetal and infant deaths to Indianapolis Healthy Start program participants between 2005 and 2012. Trained FIMR nurses completed 13 of 20 maternal interviews and compiled case summaries of all deaths from the MCPHD FIMR database...
November 11, 2017: Maternal and Child Health Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29128586/contraception-pregnancy-and-peripartum-experiences-among-women-with-epilepsy-in-bhutan
#9
Sheliza Halani, Lhab Tshering, Esther Bui, Sarah J Clark, Sara J Grundy, Tandin Pem, Sonam Lhamo, Ugyen Dema, Damber K Nirola, Chencho Dorji, Farrah J Mateen
INTRODUCTION: Reports on the reproductive health of women with epilepsy (WWE) in low- and middle-income countries (LMICs) are limited. Bhutan is a lower income country with a high estimated prevalence of epilepsy and no out-of-pocket payment requirements for health visits or medications. METHODS: We developed a 10-category survey to interview WWE ages 20-59 years in the Kingdom of Bhutan to understand their contraceptive use and peripartum experiences. WWE were recruited from 2016-2017 from an existing epilepsy cohort and their reproductive health data were merged with epilepsy and socioeconomic data obtained from initial clinical evaluations performed between 2014 and 2016...
October 18, 2017: Epilepsy Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29127498/dynamics-in-prevalence-of-down-syndrome-in-children-with-congenital-heart-disease
#10
Constanze Pfitzer, Paul C Helm, Lisa-Maria Rosenthal, Felix Berger, Ulrike M M Bauer, Katharina Rl Schmitt
We assessed the dynamics in the prevalence of children with congenital heart disease (CHD) and Down syndrome in Germany with regard to phenotype, severity, and gender. Data from patients with CHD and Down syndrome born between 1980 and 2014 were analyzed, who are registered with the German National Register for Congenital Heart Defects. One thousand six hundred eighteen CHD patients with Down syndrome were identified. The prevalence of children born with both Down syndrome and CHD was constant from 2005 to 2009 but increased from 2010 to 2014...
November 10, 2017: European Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29126190/early-life-exposure-to-china-s-1959-61-famine-and-midlife-cognition
#11
Hongwei Xu, Zhenmei Zhang, Lydia Li, Jinyu Liu
Background: Existing studies of the 1944-45 Dutch famine found little evidence of the association between early life malnutrition and midlife cognition. Methods: Among 2446 rural participants born between 1958 and 1963 in the China Health and Retirement Longitudinal Study, we examined effects of exposure to China's 1959-61 Great Leap Forward famine during prenatal and early postnatal life, on four cognitive measures in 2011 (baseline) and changes in cognition between 2011 and 2013 (first follow-up)...
November 7, 2017: International Journal of Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29118562/obstetricians-and-gynecologists-knowledge-education-and-practices-regarding-chronic-hepatitis-b-in-pregnancy
#12
Bolin Niu, Dina Halegoua-De Marzio, Jonathan M Fenkel, Steven K Herrine
Background: In pregnant women with high viral loads, third-trimester initiation of antiviral agents can reduce the risk of vertical transmission. We aimed to assess obstetricians' and gynecologists' (OB-GYN) knowledge and clinical practice when treating pregnant women with chronic hepatitis B virus (HBV). Methods: All program directors (PDs) from 250 US OB-GYN residency programs were invited to anonymously complete an 18-item questionnaire. Descriptive statistics were calculated and analyzed...
2017: Annals of Gastroenterology: Quarterly Publication of the Hellenic Society of Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29116416/postpartum-outcomes-of-a-pilot-prenatal-care-based-psychosocial-intervention-for-ptsd-during-pregnancy
#13
Linda Weinreb, Melodie Wenz-Gross, Carole Upshur
This study examines postpartum posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) symptoms and secondary outcomes including postpartum depression and birth outcomes for pregnant women who screened positive for PTSD and received a psychosocial education intervention compared to women with PTSD in the usual prenatal care setting. All women entering prenatal care at two federally qualified health centers were screened for symptoms of current PTSD; one site was selected randomly to have prenatal care advocates deliver eight Seeking Safety topics for women with clinical or subclinical PTSD...
November 7, 2017: Archives of Women's Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29111919/improving-prenatal-care-in-pregnant-women-in-iranshahr-iran-applying-health-belief-model-hbm
#14
Hossien Izadirad, Shamsoddin Niknami, Iraj Zareban, Alireza Hidarnia
PURPOSE: To determine the effect of an education-based intervention on receiving adequate prenatal care. METHODS: This randomized, controlled trial was conducted on 90 primiparous pregnant women, referred in Iranshahr, Iran for prenatal care (intervention = 45, control group = 45). The data were collected from February to June 2016 using a questionnaire developed based on the Health Belief Model (HBM). The intervention group received three intervention sessions during the second trimester of pregnancy, and 3 months after intervention, both groups completed a questionnaire...
November 7, 2017: Women & Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29110970/perinatal-weight-and-risk-of-prenatal-and-postpartum-depressive-symptoms
#15
Karen A Ertel, Tianyi Huang, Sheryl L Rifas-Shiman, Ken Kleinman, Janet Rich-Edwards, Emily Oken, Tamarra James-Todd
PURPOSE: Prepregnancy obesity and weight changes accompanying pregnancy (gestational weight gain and postpartum weight retention) may be associated with risk of maternal depressive symptoms during pregnancy and in the postpartum. The few studies that have examined these relationships report conflicting findings. METHODS: We studied pregnant (n = 2112) and postpartum (n = 1686) women enrolled in Project Viva. We used self-reported prepregnancy and postpartum weight and measured prenatal weight to calculate prepregnancy body mass index (BMI), gestational weight gain (GWG), and postpartum weight retention at 6 months after birth...
October 16, 2017: Annals of Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29107198/the-effect-of-e-cigarette-indoor-vaping-restrictions-on-adult-prenatal-smoking-and-birth-outcomes
#16
Michael T Cooper, Michael F Pesko
We estimate the effect of county-level e-cigarette indoor vaping restrictions on adult prenatal smoking and birth outcomes using United States birth record data for 7 million pregnant women living in places already comprehensively banning the indoor use of traditional cigarettes. We use both cross-sectional and panel data to estimate our difference-in-difference models. Our panel model results suggest that adoption of a comprehensive indoor vaping restriction increased prenatal smoking by 2.0 percentage points, which is double the estimate obtained from a cross-sectional model...
October 16, 2017: Journal of Health Economics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29104181/evaluation-of-newborn-sickle-cell-screening-programme-in-england-2010-2016
#17
Allison Streetly, Rupa Sisodia, Moira Dick, Radoslav Latinovic, Kirsty Hounsell, Elizabeth Dormandy
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate England's NHS newborn sickle cell screening programme performance in children up to the age of 5 years. DESIGN: Cohort of resident infants with sickle cell disease (SCD) born between 1 September 2010 and 31 August 2015 and followed until August 2016. PARTICIPANTS: 1317 infants with SCD were notified to the study from all centres in England and 1313 (99%) were followed up. INTERVENTIONS: Early enrolment in clinical follow-up, parental education and routine penicillin prophylaxis...
November 5, 2017: Archives of Disease in Childhood
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29100908/quality-of-life-in-children-participating-in-a-non-selective-inr-self-monitoring-vka-education-programme
#18
Pascal Amedro, Fanny Bajolle, Helena Bertet, Radhia Cheurfi, Dominique Lasne, Erika Nogue, Pascal Auquier, Marie-Christine Picot, Damien Bonnet
BACKGROUND: The quality of life (QoL) of children receiving vitamin K antagonist (VKA) treatment has been scarcely studied. AIM: To assess QoL of children, and its evolution, throughout our non-selective international normalized ratio (INR) self-monitoring education programme. METHODS: Children and parents completed QoL questionnaires (Qualin, PedsQL) during education sessions. Scores were compared with those from controls. RESULTS: A total of 111 children (mean±standard deviation age 8...
October 31, 2017: Archives of Cardiovascular Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29094891/fetal-alcohol-syndrome-and-fetal-alcohol-spectrum-disorders
#19
LeeAnne Denny, Sarah Coles, Robin Blitz
Fetal alcohol syndrome (FAS) and fetal alcohol spectrum disorders (FASD) result from intrauterine exposure to alcohol and are the most common nonheritable causes of intellectual disability. The percentage of women who drink or binge drink during pregnancy has increased since 2012. FAS is commonly missed or misdiagnosed, preventing affected children from receiving needed services in a timely fashion. Diagnosis is based on the presence of the following clinical features, all of which must be present: prenatal and/or postnatal growth retardation, facial dysmorphology, central nervous system dysfunction, and neurobehavioral disabilities...
October 15, 2017: American Family Physician
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29091478/contraception-and-breastfeeding-at-4-months-postpartum-among-women-intending-to-breastfeed
#20
Alison N Goulding, Kathryn Wouk, Alison M Stuebe
OBJECTIVE: To estimate the association between postpartum contraception and breastfeeding among women intending to breastfeed. METHODS: We analyzed data from the Infant Feeding Practices Study II, a prospective cohort study of U.S. mothers (2005-2007). Among 1,349 women with prenatal intention to breastfeed at least 4 months who reported contraception use 3 months postpartum, we used multivariable logistic regression to estimate odds and predicted probabilities of breastfeeding by contraceptive category...
November 1, 2017: Breastfeeding Medicine: the Official Journal of the Academy of Breastfeeding Medicine
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