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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28727853/independent-and-joint-effects-of-moderate-alcohol-consumption-and-smoking-on-the-risks-of-non-alcoholic-fatty-liver-disease-in-elderly-chinese-men
#1
Peiyi Liu, Yanyan Xu, Yuhan Tang, Min Du, Xiao Yu, Jian Sun, Lin Xiao, Meian He, Sheng Wei, Jing Yuan, Youjie Wang, Yuan Liang, Tangchun Wu, Xiaoping Miao, Ping Yao
BACKGROUND: Whether cigarette smoking and moderate drinking are associated with non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD)has not been fully described. This study investigated the separate and joint effects of smoking and moderate drinking on Chinese men with NAFLD. METHODS: Across-sectional assay from DFTJ Cohort study was performed with a size of 9432 elderly Chinese men excluding excessive alcohol consumption (<210g/week). Fatty liver was diagnosed by standardized ultrasonographic inspection...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28727631/one-year-of-baclofen-in-100-patients-with-or-without-cirrhosis-a-french-real-life-experience
#2
Camille Barrault, Hortensia Lison, Françoise Roudot-Thoraval, Armand Garioud, Charlotte Costentin, Véronique Béhar, Mourad Medmoun, Georges Pulwermacher, Hervé Hagège, Jean-François Cadranel
BACKGROUND: Several studies have suggested the efficacy of baclofen in reducing alcohol consumption, leading to a temporary recommendation for use in France. AIM: Our aim was to report our experience in using baclofen in alcohol-dependant patients with or without liver cirrhosis. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Consecutive patients from two liver and alcohol units were recruited over a 3-year period and received increasing doses of baclofen associated with social, psychological, and medical care...
July 19, 2017: European Journal of Gastroenterology & Hepatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28726651/factors-associated-with-post-stroke-fatigue-within-the-first-3-month-after-stroke
#3
I Delva, N Lytvynenko, M Delva
Aim - identify socio-demographic, personal and psychological factors associated with certain post-stroke fatigue (PSF) domains within first 3 months after stroke. There were examined patients consequently in definite time points after ischemic or hemorrhagic strokes: at hospital stay (234 patients), in 1 month (203 patients) and in 3 months (176 patients). Global PSF and certain PSF domains were measured by multidimensional fatigue inventory-20 (MFI-20) scale. In multivariate logistic regression analysis the majority of variables (gender, marital status, education level, smoking status, level of alcohol consumption, apathetic impairments, arterial hypertension, atrial fibrillation, ischemic heart disease, diabetes mellitus, body mass index, waist circumference) were not significantly associated with any PSF domain risk at any time point after stroke...
June 2017: Georgian Medical News
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28726067/lifestyle-advice-provision-to-teenage-and-young-adult-cancer-patients-the-perspective-of-health-professionals-in-the-uk
#4
Gemma Pugh, Rachael Hough, Helen Gravestock, Kate Williams, Abigail Fisher
PURPOSE: Health professionals are an important source of information for teenage and young adult (TYA) cancer patients. However, little is known about health professionals' provision of lifestyle advice to young people with cancer who are in their care. METHODS: An online survey was distributed to health professionals within the UK who identified themselves as working with TYA cancer patients. Health professional awareness of lifestyle guidance, provision of lifestyle advice to young people and views on lifestyle information format and delivery were explored...
July 19, 2017: Supportive Care in Cancer: Official Journal of the Multinational Association of Supportive Care in Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28725986/patterns-of-alcohol-consumption-and-risk-of-falls-in-older-adults-a-prospective-cohort-study
#5
R Ortolá, E García-Esquinas, I Galán, P Guallar-Castillón, E López-García, J R Banegas, F Rodríguez-Artalejo
Falls are a major health problem in older adults, but their relationship with alcohol consumption in this population remains unclear. In a cohort with 2170 older adults followed up for 3.3 years, both moderate drinking and the Mediterranean drinking pattern were associated with a lower risk of falls and injurious falls. INTRODUCTION: This study aims to examine the association between certain patterns of alcohol consumption, including the Mediterranean drinking pattern (MDP), and the risk of falls in older adults...
July 19, 2017: Osteoporosis International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28725982/analysis-of-risk-factors-influencing-the-outcome-of-the-epley-maneuver
#6
E Domínguez-Durán, E Domènech-Vadillo, M G Álvarez-Morujo de Sande, R González-Aguado, G Guerra-Jiménez, Á Ramos-Macías, C Morales-Angulo, A J Martín-Mateos, E Figuerola-Massana, H Galera-Ruiz
Benign paroxysmal positional vertigo (BPPV) is the most frequent type of vertigo. The treatment of canalithiasis of the posterior semicircular canal consists in performing a particle-repositioning maneuver, such as the Epley maneuver (EM). However, the EM is not effective in all cases. The objective of this study is to identify risk factors, which predict the EM failure, among the clinical variables recorded in anamnesis and patient examination. This is an observational prospective multicentric study. All patients presenting with BPPV were recruited and applied the EM and appointed for a follow-up visit 7 days later...
July 19, 2017: European Archives of Oto-rhino-laryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28725538/a-rare-case-of-solitary-kidney-metastasis-following-primary-laryngeal-squamous-cell-carcinoma
#7
Sharon Del Vecchio, Robert Ellis, Kylie Gallagher, Keng Lim Ng, Li Ma, Geoffrey Strutton, Simon Wood
Laryngeal cancer is the 14th most common malignancy worldwide, and its common subtype squamous cell carcinoma (SCC) is highly associated with tobacco use and long-term alcohol consumption. The incidence of distant metastasis from a primary laryngeal cancer has been reported to be very low, between 6.5% and 8.5%, according to published tumour registry data. Distant metastases of laryngeal SCC most commonly involve the lung, liver, bone and mediastinum, seldom involving the kidney. Renal metastasis has been well established in many other cancers such as lymphoma, lung, breast and gastric carcinoma...
2017: Journal of Kidney Cancer and VHL
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28725009/the-salivary-microbiome-as-an-indicator-of-carcinogenesis-in-patients-with-oropharyngeal-squamous-cell-carcinoma-a-pilot-study
#8
Axel Wolf, Christine Moissl-Eichinger, Alexandra Perras, Kaisa Koskinen, Peter V Tomazic, Dietmar Thurnher
This study aimed to undertake an initial, comparative analysis of the oral salivary microbiome of patients with oral and oropharyngeal squamous cell carcinoma versus healthy controls. This project, conceived as a pilot study, included 11 patients (1 female, 10 male, mean age 61.6 yrs., SD = 8.2 yrs.) and 11 healthy controls (1 female, 10 male, mean age 46.7 yrs., SD = 15.1 yrs.). Samples of saliva were analysed by high-throughput sequencing of the 16S rRNA gene using the MiSeq platform. Sequence data revealed microbial changes that may mirror disease progression and reflect clinical preconditions such as age, alcohol consumption, tumour size, lymph node status, smoking habit, and tumour HPV-positivity...
July 19, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28724791/mitochondrial-dna-enriched-microparticles-promote-acute-on-chronic-alcoholic-neutrophilia-and-hepatotoxicity
#9
Yan Cai, Ming-Jiang Xu, Erik H Koritzinsky, Zhou Zhou, Wei Wang, Haixia Cao, Peter St Yuen, Ruth A Ross, Robert A Star, Suthat Liangpunsakul, Bin Gao
Over the last several years, one of the major advances in the field of alcoholic liver disease research was the discovery that binge alcohol consumption induced neutrophilia and hepatic neutrophil infiltration in chronically ethanol-fed mice and human subjects with excessive alcohol use (EAU); however, the underlying mechanisms remain obscure. Here, we demonstrated that chronic EAU patients with a history of recent excessive drinking (EAU + RD) had higher serum levels of mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA)-enriched microparticles (MPs) than EAU without recent drinking (EAU - RD) and healthy controls, which correlated positively with circulating neutrophils...
July 20, 2017: JCI Insight
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28724586/cardiovascular-health-in-young-adulthood-and-structural-brain-mri-in-midlife-the-cardia-study
#10
Michael P Bancks, Norrina B Allen, Prachi Dubey, Lenore J Launer, Donald M Lloyd-Jones, Jared P Reis, Stephen Sidney, Yuichiro Yano, Pamela J Schreiner
OBJECTIVE: To examine the association between the American Heart Association (AHA) Life's Simple 7 (LS7) metric and brain structure. METHODS: We determined cardiovascular health (CVH) according to the AHA LS7, assigning 0, 1, or 2 points for meeting poor, intermediate, or ideal criteria for the 7 components (range 0-14) at baseline (aged 18-30 years in 1985-1986) and year 25 follow-up examination for 518 participants of the Coronary Artery Risk Development in Young Adults (CARDIA) brain MRI substudy...
July 19, 2017: Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28724424/the-traditional-lunch-pattern-is-inversely-correlated-with-body-mass-index-in-a-population-based-study-in-brazil
#11
Roberta de Oliveira Santos, Diva Aliete Dos Santos Vieira, Andreia Alexandra Machado Miranda, Regina Mara Fisberg, Dirce Maria Marchioni, Valéria Troncoso Baltar
BACKGROUND: The association of obesity and dietary patterns has been well documented in scientific literature; however, information on the impact of meal patterns on obesity is scarce. The objective of this study was to investigate the association of adherence to lunch patterns and body mass index (BMI) in a representative sample of individuals aged 20 years or older in Sao Paulo. METHODS: Data for 933 participants were retrieved from the Health Survey of São Paulo (ISA-Capital 2008), a cross-sectional population-based survey...
July 19, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28724204/gait-and-balance-impairment-after-acute-methanol-poisoning
#12
Kamila Peterová, Hana Brožová, Jiří Klempíř, Irena Lišková, Ondřej Bezdíček, Petr Ridzoň, Manuela Vaněčková, Sergej Zakharov, Daniela Pelclová, Michal Miovský, Evžen Růžička
Neurological sequelae including gait impairment were reported in survivors after methanol intoxication; however, no systematic study has been published so far. We aimed to analyse gait and balance impairment in a group of Czech methanol poisoning survivors. We examined 43 patients (age 46±13 years) 2-8 months after methanol poisoning and 43 healthy controls. Investigations contained a shortened version of Falls Efficacy Scale (FES), clinical tests of gait and balance including Timed Up and Go test (TUG) and gait analysis using GaitRite(®) system, neurological and neuropsychological examination, brain imaging, EMG and tests of alcohol consumption...
July 19, 2017: Basic & Clinical Pharmacology & Toxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28724048/impact-of-alcohol-consumption-among-patients-in-hepatitis-c-virus-treatment
#13
Andréa Carvalho Maia Vieira-Castro, Luiz Carlos Marques de Oliveira
BACKGROUND: Recent studies have questioned the recommendation of abstinence from alcohol for at least 6 months for alcoholic patients to be treated for hepatitis C. OBJECTIVE: The present study aimed to assess the impact of alcohol consumption among patients undergoing hepatitis C treatment. METHODS: In this cross-sectional study, 121 patients [78 (64.5%) men; 28-70 years] were evaluated. They were divided as follows: patients who consumed <12 g of ethanol/day throughout life (Group 1), 12-59 g/day (Group 2) and ≥60 g/day (Group 3)...
July 13, 2017: Arquivos de Gastroenterologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28724044/alcohol-and-tobacco-use-and-the-diseases-treated-in-general-practice
#14
Maria Flora de Almeida, Filipe Fernandes Ferreira, Mílton de Arruda Martins, Mario Ferreira
Objective: To characterize the use of alcohol and tobacco and correlate both to the diseases of outpatients in a general practice outpatient clinic. Method: The ASSIST (Alcohol, Smoking and Substance Involvement Screening Test) questionnaire was answered by 300 randomly chosen subjects assigned to different groups according to the diseases being treated at the Outpatient General and Teaching Clinic of the Department of Internal Medicine, Hospital das Clínicas of the University of São Paulo's School of Medicine (HC-FMUSP, in the Portuguese acronym), São Paulo, Brazil...
May 2017: Revista da Associação Médica Brasileira
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28724029/-psychosocial-stress-at-work-and-alcohol-consumption-patterns-in-offshore-oil-workers
#15
Jahina Moura Vidal, Angela Mendes Abreu, Luciana Fernandes Portela
The objectives were to assess the association between psychosocial stress at work and alcohol consumption patterns in offshore oil workers. This was a cross-sectional study of 210 workers on offshore oil rigs in the state of Rio de Janeiro, Brazil, from July to September 2014. The data collection instrument was a self-completed multidimensional questionnaire. Exposure to stress was measured by the demand-control model and alcohol consumption pattern was measured with the Alcohol Use Disorders Identification Test (AUDIT)...
July 13, 2017: Cadernos de Saúde Pública
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28724019/profile-of-mortality-from-external-causes-among-seventh-day-adventists-and-the-general-populations
#16
Ana Paula Costa Velten, Nágela Valadão Cade, Gulnar Azevedo E Silva, Elizabete Regina Araújo de Oliveira
This paper aimed to compare the profile of mortality from external causes among Seventh-day Adventists and the general population of Espírito Santo from 2003 to 2009. A search of Adventists was performed in the nominal database of the Mortality Information System containing data on Adventists provided by the administrative offices of the institution. Deaths from external causes occurred during the study period were then divided into two groups: Adventists and the general population. Adventists had lower proportional mortality from external causes (10%) than the general population (19%), and males were the main reason for this difference...
July 2017: Ciência & Saúde Coletiva
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28723979/outcome-and-nutritional-assessment-of-chronic-liver-disease-patients-using-anthropometry-and-subjective-global-assessment
#17
Gonçalo Nunes, Carla Adriana Santos, Rita Barosa, Cristina Fonseca, Ana Teresa Barata, Jorge Fonseca
BACKGROUND: Protein-calorie malnutrition is common in chronic liver disease (CLD) but adequate clinical tools for nutritional assessment are not defined. OBJECTIVE: In CLD patients, it was aimed: 1. Characterize protein-calorie malnutrition; 2. Compare several clinical, anthropometric and functional tools; 3. Study the association malnutrition/CLD severity and malnutrition/outcome. METHODS: Observational, prospective study. Consecutive CLD ambulatory/hospitalised patients were recruited from 01-03-2012 to 31-08-2012, studied according with age, gender, etiology, alcohol consumption and CLD severity defined by Child-Turcotte-Pugh...
July 6, 2017: Arquivos de Gastroenterologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28723686/population-based-study-on-the-epidemiology-of-m%C3%A3-ni%C3%A3-re-s-disease
#18
Saskia G Bruderer, Daniel Bodmer, Nadja A Stohler, Susan S Jick, Christoph R Meier
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: Ménière's disease (MD) is a disorder of the inner ear typically showing recurrent acute episodes of vertigo, hearing loss, and tinnitus. Epidemiologic studies on MD are scarce. We assessed the incidence rates (IRs) of MD and describe the characteristics of MD cases, comparing them to control patients without recorded evidence of MD. STUDY DESIGN: We conducted a retrospective population-based follow-up study and a nested case-control analysis using data from the UK-based Clinical Practice Research Datalink...
July 20, 2017: Audiology & Neuro-otology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28723602/tinnitus-anxiety-depression-and-substance-abuse-in-rock-musicians-a-norwegian-survey
#19
Carl Christian Lein Stormer, Tore Sorlie, Niels Christian Stenklev
OBJECTIVE: Rock musicians are known to have an increased prevalence of hearing loss and tinnitus. The aims of the present study were to examine the distribution of anxiety and depression symptoms among rock musicians with or without tinnitus and how these mental health indicators and internal locus of control influenced upon their tinnitus symptom concerns and the degree to which the tinnitus affected their lives. DESIGN: The study was a questionnairebased cross-sectional survey of subjects selected from a cohort of rock musicians...
June 1, 2017: International Tinnitus Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28723300/interest-in-using-mobile-technology-to-help-self-manage-alcohol-use-among-persons-living-with-hiv-a-florida-cohort-cross-sectional-study
#20
J Danielle Sharpe, Zhi Zhou, César G Escobar-Viera, Jamie P Morano, Robert J Lucero, Gladys E Ibañez, Mark Hart, Christa L Cook, Robert L Cook
BACKGROUND: Alcohol consumption at hazardous levels is more prevalent and associated with poor health outcomes among persons living with HIV (PLWH). Although PLWH are receptive to using technology to manage health issues, it is unknown whether a cell phone app to self-manage alcohol use would be acceptable among PLWH who drink. The objectives of this study were to determine factors associated with interest in an app to self-manage drinking and to identify differences in baseline mobile technology use among PLWH by drinking level...
July 19, 2017: Substance Abuse
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