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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29053832/reward-deficits-in-behavioural-variant-frontotemporal-dementia-include-insensitivity-to-negative-stimuli
#1
David C Perry, Samir Datta, Virginia E Sturm, Kristie A Wood, Jessica Zakrzewski, William W Seeley, Bruce L Miller, Joel H Kramer, Howard J Rosen
During reward processing individuals weigh positive and negative features of a stimulus to determine whether they will pursue or avoid it. Though patients with behavioural variant frontotemporal dementia display changes in their pursuit of rewards, such as food, alcohol, money, and sex, the basis for these shifts is not clearly established. In particular, it is unknown whether patients' behaviour results from excessive focus on rewards, insensitivity to punishment, or to dysfunction in a particular stage of reward processing, such as anticipation, consumption, or action selection...
October 7, 2017: Brain: a Journal of Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29053391/drinking-refusal-self-efficacy-and-intended-alcohol-consumption-during-a-mass-attended-youth-event
#2
Michelle I Jongenelis, Simone Pettigrew, Nicole Biagioni
BACKGROUND: Mass-attended youth events represent a substantial public health challenge due to high levels of alcohol consumption and corresponding high rates of alcohol-related harm. Although previous research has documented the protective effect of high drinking refusal self-efficacy (DRSE) on alcohol consumption in general, there is a lack of research examining the role of DRSE in reducing consumption during mass-attended youth events and the factors associated with DRSE in these contexts...
October 20, 2017: Substance Use & Misuse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29051984/harnessing-advances-in-computer-simulation-to-inform-policy-and-planning-to-reduce-alcohol-related-harms
#3
Jo-An Atkinson, Dylan Knowles, John Wiggers, Michael Livingston, Robin Room, Ante Prodan, Geoff McDonnell, Eloise O'Donnell, Sandra Jones, Paul S Haber, David Muscatello, Nadine Ezard, Nghi Phung, Louise Freebairn, Devon Indig, Lucie Rychetnik, Jaithri Ananthapavan, Sonia Wutzke
OBJECTIVES: Alcohol misuse is a complex systemic problem. The aim of this study was to explore the feasibility of using a transparent and participatory agent-based modelling approach to develop a robust decision support tool to test alcohol policy scenarios before they are implemented in the real world. METHODS: A consortium of Australia's leading alcohol experts was engaged to collaboratively develop an agent-based model of alcohol consumption behaviour and related harms...
October 19, 2017: International Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29051632/preservation-of-orange-juice-using-propolis
#4
Wenchao Yang, Zhenhong Wu, Zachary Y Huang, Xiaoqing Miao
Orange juice is one of the most popular and the most consumed fruit juices all over the world, especially in Europe and the chemical food preservatives, such as sodium benzoate, potassium sorbate and their mixtures, have long been used in orange juice sold on the market. Excessive consumption of these preservatives may be hazardous to human health. Propolis, composed of resins collected from plant buds and exudates and mixed with salivary gland secretions and beeswax by honey bee workers, has been used as a human medicine and natural food preservative...
October 2017: Journal of Food Science and Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29051433/a-review-of-heavy-metal-concentration-and-potential-health-implications-of-beverages-consumed-in-nigeria
#5
REVIEW
Sylvester Chibueze Izah, Iniobong Reuben Inyang, Tariwari C N Angaye, Ifeoma Peace Okowa
Beverages are consumed in Nigeria irrespective of age, sex, and socioeconomic status. Beverages may be alcoholic (wine, spirits, and beers) or non-alcoholic (soft drink, energy drinks, candies, chocolates, milks). Notwithstanding, most beverages are packed in cans, bottles, and plastics. This paper reviews the concentration of heavy metals from some commercially-packaged beverages consumed in Nigeria. The study found that heavy metal concentrations, including iron, mercury, tin, antimony, cadmium, zinc, copper, chromium, lead, and manganese, seldom exceed the maximum contaminant level recommended by the Standard Organization of Nigeria (SON) and the World Health Organization (WHO) as applicable to drinking water resources...
December 22, 2016: Toxics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29050810/how-to-not-detonate-the-bomb-the-case-of-the-italian-national-health-service
#6
G La Torre, A Federici
Why is Italy one of the world's highest ranked for ability and quality of healthcare in relationship to the resources invested? The last decade has been characterized by many Italian Regions with Recovery Plans, whose main focus was on short-term issues with a high impact on healthcare costs. Italy is now leaving this phase and at the regional level there will be an increase of new hirings in the healthcare sectors, as stated by the Ministry of Health. There is a large amount of scientific literature that supports the role of factors such as lifestyles, diet and genetics as the base of population health...
October 16, 2017: Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29050704/patterns-of-food-avoidance-and-eating-behavior-in-women-with-fibromyalgia
#7
María Mar López-Rodríguez, José Granero Molina, Isabel María Fernández Medina, Cayetano Fernández Sola, Alicia Ruiz Muelle
INTRODUCTION: Fibromyalgia is a form of non-articular rheumatic disorder of unknown origin. It is characterized by widespread, chronic musculoskeletal pain. Patients with fibromyalgia suffer more frequently eating disorders, obesity, metabolic syndrome, and other gastrointestinal symptoms. Studies have pointed out to nutrition as a relevant factor in these patients. Some of them think that diet has an influence on fibromyalgia symptoms, and tend to adopt certain dietary patterns. This, combined with access to non-scientific information about diets and supplements, makes analysis of dietary behavior, avoidance, and restrictions particularly important...
November 2017: Endocrinología, diabetes y nutrición
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29050092/-risk-factors-and-survival-analysis-for-synchronous-esophageal-carcinoma-in-patients-with-hypopharyngeal-carcinoma
#8
Q Q Zhang, X G Ni, S He, Y M Zhang, L Z Dou, S Q Lai, G Q Wang
Objective: To investigate the risk factors and survival status of hypopharyngeal carcinoma with synchronous second primary carcinoma of the esophagus. Methods: One hundred and sixty patients with newly diagnosed hypopharyngeal carcinoma from January 2009 to December 2012 were retrospectively reviewed. The clinical data, tumor-related information and follow-up results were collected and analyzed. Results: Forty-three synchronous esophageal carcinomas (27%) were detected in 160 patients with hypopharyngeal carcinoma, and most patients (72%) were at an early stage...
October 7, 2017: Zhonghua Er Bi Yan Hou Tou Jing Wai Ke za Zhi, Chinese Journal of Otorhinolaryngology Head and Neck Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29050004/study-on-clinical-factors-involved-in-helicobacter-pylori-uninfected-undifferentiated-type-early-gastric-cancer
#9
Yusuke Horiuchi, Junko Fujisaki, Naoki Ishizuka, Masami Omae, Akiyoshi Ishiyama, Toshiyuki Yoshio, Toshiaki Hirasawa, Yorimasa Yamamoto, Masatsugu Nagahama, Hiroshi Takahashi, Tomohiro Tsuchida
BACKGROUND: The factors associated with the pathogenesis of Helicobacter pylori-uninfected undifferentiated-type early gastric cancer (HPUGC) remain unclear. This study compared patient characteristics, including medical history and alcohol/tobacco use, of HPUGC patients with characteristics of patients with H. pylori-positive undifferentiated-type early gastric cancer (HPPGC) to clarify and gain understanding on those differences that could play a role in the pathogenesis. METHODS: This retrospective study included 282 patients who were treated endoscopically from March 2005 to March 2014...
October 19, 2017: Digestion
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29049894/alcohol-expectancies-longitudinally-predict-drinking-and-the-alcohol-myopia-effects-of-relief-self-inflation-and-excess
#10
Andrew Lac, Nathaniel Brack
INTRODUCTION: Alcohol myopia theory posits that alcohol consumption attenuates information processing capacity, and that expectancy beliefs together with intake level are responsible for experiences in myopic effects (relief, self-inflation, and excess). METHODS: Adults (N=413) averaging 36.39 (SD=13.02) years of age completed the Comprehensive Effects of Alcohol questionnaire at baseline, followed by alcohol use measures (frequency and quantity) and the Alcohol Myopia Scale one month later...
October 12, 2017: Addictive Behaviors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29049336/exercise-as-adjunctive-treatment-for-alcohol-use-disorder-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#11
Kirsten K Roessler, Randi Bilberg, Anette Søgaard Nielsen, Kurt Jensen, Claus Thorn Ekstrøm, Sengül Sari
AIMS: To examine whether physical activity as an adjunct to outpatient alcohol treatment has an effect on alcohol consumption following participation in an exercise intervention of six months' duration, and at 12 months after treatment initiation. METHODS: The study is a randomized controlled study with three arms: Patients allocated to (A) treatment as usual, (B) treatment as usual and supervised group exercise, (C) treatment as usual and individual physical exercise...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29048382/living-arrangements-and-health-related-quality-of-life-in-chinese-adolescents-who-migrate-from-rural-to-urban-schools-mediating-effect-of-social-support
#12
Haiyan Wu, Shan Wu, Haibo Wu, Qiming Xia, Ningxiu Li
Changes in living arrangements (from living with, or not living with family) may affect the health-related quality of life (HRQoL). This study aimed to investigate the impact of living arrangement on HRQoL among adolescents migrating from rural to urban schools, and whether social support, in addition to living with a family, had an impact. A cross-sectional survey of 459 school adolescents was carried out in two public schools in Guyuan County, Ningxia Hui Autonomous Region, China in 2015. The survey contained the following questionnaires: a self-designed questionnaire, the 12-item Short Form Health Survey (SF-12), and the Social Support Rating Scale (SSRS)...
October 19, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29048280/changing-demographics-and-prevalence-of-body-lice-among-homeless-persons-marseille-france
#13
Tran Duc Anh Ly, Youssoupha Touré, Clément Calloix, Sékéné Badiaga, Didier Raoult, Hervé Tissot-Dupont, Philippe Brouqui, Philippe Gautret
The prevalence of body lice among 2,288 sheltered homeless persons in the city of Marseille during 2000-2017 was 12.2% and significantly decreased over time. We report a positive association between body lice infestations and older age, duration of stays in France for migrants, frequent consumption of alcohol, and tobacco smoking.
November 2017: Emerging Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29048236/-it-just-kind-of-happens-college-students-rationalizations-for-blackout-drinking
#14
Kevin Wombacher, Jacob J Matig, Sarah E Sheff, Allison M Scott
Nearly half of college students engage in binge drinking, and blackouts (i.e., episodes of periodic memory loss) represent one common consequence of this behavior. Although researchers have begun to understand the extent to which students black out, little is known about why they do so. We conducted two studies to further our understanding of this risky health behavior. In Study 1, we conducted face-to-face interviews (N = 19) to explore students' blackout experiences. Our findings suggest that students recognize that blacking out is an unhealthy behavior; however, because such a recognition contradicts group norms about alcohol consumption, it causes them to experience dissonance, which they manage via a variety of rationalization strategies...
October 19, 2017: Health Communication
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29047351/lifestyle-factors-are-significantly-associated-with-the-locomotive-syndrome-a-cross-sectional-study
#15
Manabu Akahane, Shingo Yoshihara, Akie Maeyashiki, Yasuhito Tanaka, Tomoaki Imamura
BACKGROUND: The Japanese Orthopedic Association first proposed the concept of "locomotive syndrome" in 2007. It refers to circumstances in which elderly people need nursing care services or are at high risk of requiring such services within a short time. Recently, the public health burden of providing nursing care for elderly individuals has increased. Therefore, locomotive syndrome, and the means of preventing it, are a major public health focus in Japan. The purpose of this study was to investigate the relationships of lifestyle factors, such as smoking, alcohol consumption, sleep duration, and dental health, with locomotive syndrome...
October 18, 2017: BMC Geriatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29047345/visual-prognosis-better-in-eyes-with-less-severe-reduction-of-visual-acuity-one-year-after-onset-of-leber-hereditary-optic-neuropathy-caused-by-the-11-778-mutation
#16
Yukihiko Mashima, Kazuteru Kigasawa, Kei Shinoda, Masato Wakakura, Yoshihisa Oguchi
BACKGROUND: Patients with Leber hereditary optic neuropathy (LHON) have a progressive decrease of their visual acuity which can deteriorate to <0.1. Some patients can have a partial recovery of their vision in one or both eyes. One prognostic factor associated with a recovery of vision is an early-age onset. The purpose of this study was to determine other clinical factors that are predictive of a good visual recovery. METHODS: Sixty-one Japanese LHON patients, with the 11,778 mutation and a mean age of 23...
October 18, 2017: BMC Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29046656/blood-alcohol-concentration-related-lower-performance-in-immediate-visual-memory-and-working-memory-in-adolescent-binge-drinkers
#17
Concepción Vinader-Caerols, Aránzazu Duque, Adriana Montañés, Santiago Monleón
The binge drinking (BD) pattern of alcohol consumption is prevalent during adolescence, a period characterized by critical changes to the structural and functional development of brain areas related with memory and cognition. There is considerable evidence of the cognitive dysfunctions caused by the neurotoxic effects of BD in the not-yet-adult brain. Thus, the aim of the present study was to evaluate the effects of different blood alcohol concentrations (BAC) on memory during late adolescence (18-19 years old) in males and females with a history of BD...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29046650/alcohol-binge-drinking-and-executive-functioning-during-adolescent-brain-development
#18
Soledad Gil-Hernandez, Patricia Mateos, Claudia Porras, Raquel Garcia-Gomez, Enrique Navarro, Luis M Garcia-Moreno
Alcohol consumption in adolescents causes negative effects on familiar, social, academic life, as well as neurocognitive alterations. The binge drinking (BD) pattern of alcohol is characterized by the alternation of episodes of heavy drinking in a short interval of time, and periods of abstinence, a practice that can result in important brain alterations; even more than regular alcohol consumption. The prefrontal cortex, which acts as neural support for the executive processes, is particularly affected by alcohol; however, not all studies are in agreement about how BD alcohol consumption affects executive functioning...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29045928/factors-associated-with-alcohol-consumption-among-medical-cannabis-patients-with-chronic-pain
#19
Alan K Davis, Maureen A Walton, Kipling M Bohnert, Carrie Bourque, Mark A Ilgen
INTRODUCTION: Chronic pain is the most common reason for medical cannabis certification. Data regarding alcohol use and risky drinking among medical cannabis patients with pain is largely unknown. Therefore, we examined the prevalence and correlates of alcohol use and risky drinking in this population. METHODS: Participants completed surveys regarding demographics, pain-related variables, anxiety, cannabis use, and past six-month alcohol consumption. Alcohol use groups were defined using the AUDIT-C [i...
October 12, 2017: Addictive Behaviors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29045920/the-association-of-alcohol-consumption-patterns-with-self-rated-physical-health-and-psychiatric-distress-among-afghanistan-and-iraq-era-u-s-veterans
#20
Patrick S Calhoun, Sarah M Wilson, Eric A Dedert, Katherine C Cunningham, Thomas K Burroughs, Terrell A Hicks, Jean C Beckham, Harold S Kudler, Kristy Straits-Troster
Alcohol misuse is associated with negative mental and physical health outcomes, which presents a public health concern in veterans. However, less is known regarding outcomes among veterans with low to moderate alcohol consumption. This study included veterans with military service in Iraq and/or Afghanistan (N = 1083) who resided in the VA Mid-Atlantic region catchment area (North Carolina, Virginia, and parts of West Virginia). Participants completed a mailed survey that inquired about demographics, past-year alcohol consumption, self-rated physical health, and psychiatric symptoms...
September 28, 2017: Psychiatry Research
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