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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29684891/considering-high-alcohol-and-violence-neighborhood-context-using-daily-diaries-and-gps-a-pilot-study-among-people-living-with-hiv
#1
Katherine P Theall, Erica Felker-Kantor, Maeve Wallace, Xiao Zhang, Christopher N Morrison, Douglas J Wiebe
Our understanding of how community-level context impacts care of persons living with HIV (PLWH), including antiretroviral therapy (ART) adherence and retention in care, is limited. The objective of this study was to characterize the activity spaces of PLWH from an urban area in Southeastern U.S., where the epidemic is among the nation's highest, and to examine how such activity spaces are associated with daily mood and health behaviors. In this small, pilot study, 11 participants were tracked with a global positioning system (GPS)-enabled application on their smartphones for 2 weeks...
April 10, 2018: Drug and Alcohol Dependence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29684863/psychological-and-genetic-risk-factors-associated-with-suicidal-behavior-in-korean-patients-with-mood-disorders
#2
Hee-Yeon Choi, Ga Eun Kim, Kyoung Ae Kong, Yu Jin Lee, Weon-Jeong Lim, So-Hyun Park, Su Hee Ha, Soo In Kim
INTRODUCTION: To prevent suicide, a nationwide important issue in Korea, understanding its etiology is essential. This study aimed to delineate the risk factors for suicidal behavior in mood disorder patients in Korea. METHODS: 216 patients with mood disorders were recruited. We measured suicidal ideation (SI) and suicide attempt (SA) history and the association of six gene polymorphisms with SB: COMT (rs4680), HTR1A (rs6295), TPH1 (rs1800532), BDNF (rs6265), SLC1A3 (rs2269272), and SLC1A2 (rs4755404)...
April 10, 2018: Journal of Affective Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29684764/poor-mental-health-peer-drinking-norms-and-alcohol-risk-in-a-social-network-of-first-year-college-students
#3
Shannon R Kenney, Graham T DiGuiseppi, Matthew K Meisel, Sara G Balestrieri, Nancy P Barnett
OBJECTIVE: College students with anxiety and depressive symptomatology face escalated risk for alcohol-related negative consequences. While it is well-established that normative perceptions of proximal peers' drinking behaviors influence students' own drinking behaviors, it is not clear how mental health status impacts this association. In the current study, we examined cross-sectional relationships between anxiety and depressed mood, perceived drinking behaviors and attitudes of important peers, and past month alcohol consumption and related problems in a first-semester college student social network...
April 16, 2018: Addictive Behaviors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29684472/reserpine-induced-depression-is-associated-in-female-but-not-in-male-adolescent-rats-with-heightened-fluoxetine-sensitive-ethanol-consumption
#4
Paul Ruiz, Aldo Calliari, Ricardo Marcos Pautassi
Depression usually emerges during adolescence, is significantly more frequent in women, and exhibits comorbidity with alcohol (ethanol) use disorders. Most of the pre-clinical studies assessing the link between depression and ethanol intake, however, have employed only males or relied on stress-induced depression, or induced the experimentally-induced, depressive-like phenotype, during adolescence yet measured ethanol intake at adulthood. This study assessed, in Wistar male and female adolescent rats, the effects of inducing experimental depression (via administration of 1...
April 20, 2018: Behavioural Brain Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29684468/bile-acid-regulation-a-novel-therapeutic-strategy-in-non-alcoholic-fatty-liver-disease
#5
REVIEW
Qinwei Yu, Zhenzhou Jiang, Luyong Zhang
Non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) is characterized by excessive fat deposition in the liver in the absence of significant alcohol consumption. Dysregulated bile acid (BA) metabolism is an important indicator in the pathology of NAFLD, which could progress into more severe forms of liver injury. Lipid metabolism, immune environment and intestinal bacteria are all affected by dysregulated BA metabolism directly, but the mechanisms remain unclear. Several drug candidates that target BA metabolism, either used alone or in combination with other agents, are currently under development for treatment of NAFLD...
April 20, 2018: Pharmacology & Therapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29684290/determinants-of-healthy-ageing-and-its-relation-to-10-year-cardiovascular-disease-incidence-the-attica-study
#6
Natasa Kollia, Demosthenes B Panagiotakos, Christina Chrysohoou, Ekavi Georgousopoulou, Dimitrios Tousoulis, Christodoulos Stefanadis, Charalabos Papageorgiou, Christos Pitsavos
OBJECTIVES: The aim of the study was to understand determinants of ageing in relation to future cardiovascular disease (CVD) events at population level, and to explore determinants of healthy ageing and its relation to 10-year CVD incidence among apparently healthy individuals. METHODS: In the context of the ATTICA study 453 apparently healthy men (45±13 years) and 400 women (44±18 years) with complete psychological evaluation were studied and followed during 2002-2012...
March 2018: Central European Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29683847/psychoactive-substances-alcohol-and-tobacco-consumption-in-hiv-infected-outpatients
#7
Jean-Marc Jacquet, Hélène Peyriere, Alain Makinson, Marianne Peries, Nicolas Nagot, Hélène Donnadieu-Rigole, Jacques Reynes
OBJECTIVES: To assess the alcohol consumption, tobacco addiction and psychoactive substance use (PSU) of people living with HIV (PLHIV). DESIGN: Cross-sectional study in an HIV outpatient unit. METHODS: Autoquestionnaire systematically proposed to all patients during their usual clinical care visit during a 6-months period, for alcohol (AUDIT test), tobacco (Short Fagerstrom Test) and PSU (ASSIST V3.0 test). RESULTS: Of 1334 distributed questionnaires, 1018 PLHIV responded: 76...
April 19, 2018: AIDS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29683734/six-year-review-of-traumatic-brain-injury-in-a-regional-trauma-unit-demographics-contributing-factors-and-service-provision-in-ireland
#8
Patrick W Owens, Noel P Lynch, Donal P O'Leary, Aoife J Lowery, Michael J Kerin
BACKGROUND: Traumatic brain injury (TBI) represents a significant burden of care for acute surgical services, particularly in the absence of on-site neurosurgical cover or sufficient post-acute rehabilitation facilities. We examine factors contributing to TBI, prolonged lengths of stay (LoS) and implications for hospital resources. Long-term outcomes are assessed. METHODS: This is a retrospective cohort study of patients admitted to a regional trauma unit with TBI from 2008 to 2013...
April 23, 2018: Brain Injury: [BI]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29682921/alcohol-drinking-among-primary-school-children-in-trinidad-and-tobago-prevalence-and-associated-risk-factors
#9
Chinwendu F Agu, Daniel C Oshi, Steve Weaver, Wendel D Abel, Tania Rae, Tana F Ricketts Roomes, Sarah N Oshi
Background: Underage alcohol use is a pervasive problem with serious health, social and safety consequences. This study was undertaken to assess alcohol use by primary school children in Trinidad and Tobago, and to identify associated risk factors. Methods: We analysed data collected from 40 primary schools in Trinidad and Tobago by the National Alcohol and Drug Abuse Prevention Programme (NADAPP). The sample comprised of children aged 8 -15 years old, in standards 3, 4 and 5. Result: Out of the 2052 children, 648 (31...
April 23, 2018: Asian Pacific Journal of Cancer Prevention: APJCP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29682920/investigating-the-role-of-alcohol-in-behavioural-problems-at-school-among-secondary-school-students-in-barbados
#10
Daniel C Oshi, Wendel D Abel, Chinwendu F Agu, Tana F Ricketts Roomes, Steve Weaver, Tania Rae, Patrice Whitehorne Smith, Joy Harrison, Sarah N Oshi
Background: The prevalence of alcohol use is quite high in the Caribbean region, and specifically, in Barbados. Alcohol use has been documented to negatively affect the way students behave within and outside school. This study set out to examine the role alcohol plays in students’ behavioural problems at school. Methods: An analysis of crosssectional data collected during the National Secondary Schools Survey was done. Mean (and standard deviation), frequencies and percentages were computed, and differences in proportions among the groups were assessed using Pearson’s Chi Square...
April 23, 2018: Asian Pacific Journal of Cancer Prevention: APJCP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29682918/a-population-based-analysis-of-the-influence-of-religious-affiliation-on-alcohol-consumption-among-jamaicans
#11
Steve Weaver, Daniel C Oshi, Wendel D Abel, Tania Rae, Sarah N Oshi, Patrice Whitehorne Smith, Tana Ricketts Roomes, Chinwendu F Agu
Background: Religion sometimes shapes behaviours and experiences of its members including alcohol consumption. The aim of this study was to examine the possible influence of religious affiliation on alcohol consumption in Jamaica since they are predominantly Christians. Methods: Using a cross-sectional study design, we analysed data from National Household Survey 2,016 of 4,623 participants. Descriptive and inferential statistics were performed using SPSS. Results: Out of the 4,623 participants, majority 3,244 (70...
April 23, 2018: Asian Pacific Journal of Cancer Prevention: APJCP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29681145/does-risk-perception-affect-alcohol-consumption-among-secondary-school-students-in-jamaica
#12
Sarah N Oshi, Wendel D Abel, Tana Ricketts Roomes, Ijeoma A Meka, Joy Harrison, Steve Weaver, Chinwendu F Agu, Patrice Whitehorne Smith, Joachim C Omeje, Tania Rae, Daniel C Oshi
Background: Alcohol consumption among young people is a major public health problem world-wide and in Jamaica. A number of factors have been reported to affect alcohol use among high school students. The aim of this study was to investigate the influence of perception of the harmfulness of alcohol on alcohol use among secondary school students in Jamaica. Methods: Data collected from a nationally representative sample of 3,365 students were analyzed. Descriptive and inferential statistics were performed using SPSS...
April 23, 2018: Asian Pacific Journal of Cancer Prevention: APJCP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29681143/alcohol-consumption-and-sexual-risk-behaviour-among-jamaican-adolescents
#13
Chinwendu F Agu, Daniel C Oshi, Wendel D Abel, Tania Rae, Sarah N Oshi, Tana Ricketts-Roomes, Ijeoma A Meka, Joy Harrison, Uche Dimkpa, Steve Weaver
Alcohol consumption has significant health, social and economic implications. Alcohol is the most prevalent psychoactive substance used by Jamaican adolescents. The aim of this study was to determine whether alcohol is associated with sexual risk behaviour among Jamaican adolescents. Methods: The data from National Secondary School Survey (NSS) conducted in 2013 was analysed. Descriptive statistics consisting of frequencies, percentages and Pearson’s Chi square was done. Multivariate analysis was done using binary logistic regression...
April 23, 2018: Asian Pacific Journal of Cancer Prevention: APJCP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29680699/the-additive-effect-of-adherence-to-multiple-healthy-lifestyles-on-subclinical-atherosclerosis-insights-from-the-awhs
#14
Irina Uzhova, Rocio Mateo-Gallego, Belén Moreno-Franco, Esther Molina-Montes, Montserrat Leon-Latre, José A Casasnovas Lenguas, Fernando Civeira, José L Peñalvo
BACKGROUND: Public health strategies targeting multiple healthy behaviors, rather than individual factors, have been proposed as more efficient strategies to promote cardiovascular health. However, the additive effect of multiple targets on primary prevention has not been fully characterized. OBJECTIVE: To examine how adherence to multiple healthy behaviors is associated with the presence of subclinical atherosclerosis, a measure of early cardiovascular disease...
March 28, 2018: Journal of Clinical Lipidology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29680476/longitudinal-effects-of-alcohol-consumption-on-the-hippocampus-and-parahippocampus-in-college-students
#15
Shashwath A Meda, Keith A Hawkins, Alecia D Dager, Howard Tennen, Sabin Khadka, Carol S Austad, Rebecca M Wood, Sarah Raskin, Carolyn R Fallahi, Godfrey D Pearlson
BACKGROUND: The hazardous effects of alcohol consumption on both the hippocampus and memory have been well established. However, the longitudinal effects of ethanol on the developing brain and related consequences on memory are not well explored. Given the above, we investigated the longitudinal effects of college drinking on hippocampal volume in emerging college adults. METHODS: Data were derived from the longitudinal Brain and Alcohol Research with College Students study...
March 14, 2018: Biological Psychiatry: Cognitive Neuroscience and Neuroimaging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29680420/restless-legs-syndrome-is-associated-with-major-comorbidities-in-a-population-of-danish-blood-donors
#16
Maria Didriksen, Richard P Allen, Brendan J Burchell, Lise W Thørner, Andreas S Rigas, Emanuele Di Angelantonio, Maria H Nielsen, Poul J Jennum, Thomas Werge, Christian Erikstrup, Ole B Pedersen, Kaspar Nielsen, Mie T Bruun, Kristoffer S Burgdorf, Erik Sørensen, Henrik Ullum
BACKGROUND: Restless Legs Syndrome (RLS) is characterized by uncomfortable nocturnal sensations in the legs making sedentary activities and sleep difficult, and is thus linked with psychosocial distress. Due to the symptomatology and neurobiology of RLS (disrupting brain iron and dopamine) it is likely that RLS associates with poorer health-related quality of life (HRQL) and depressive disorder. The objective of this study was to investigate the RLS-HRQL and the RLS-depressive disorder links in a generally healthy population that is not biased by medications...
May 2018: Sleep Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29680166/intake-of-caffeine-from-all-sources-and-reasons-for-use-by-college-students
#17
Caroline R Mahoney, Grace E Giles, Bernadette P Marriott, Daniel A Judelson, Ellen L Glickman, Paula J Geiselman, Harris R Lieberman
BACKGROUND & AIMS: Caffeine intake in a convenience sample of U.S. college students (N = 1248) was surveyed at five geographically-dispersed United States (U.S.) universities. METHODS: Intake from coffee, tea, soft drinks, energy drinks, gums, and medications was assessed. Associations between caffeine intake and demographic variables including sex, age, race/ethnicity, family income, general health, exercise, weight variables and tobacco use were examined...
April 10, 2018: Clinical Nutrition: Official Journal of the European Society of Parenteral and Enteral Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29679954/are-changes-in-drinking-related-to-changes-in-cannabis-use-among-swedish-adolescents-a-time-series-analysis-for-the-period-1989-2016
#18
Isabella Gripe, Anna-Karin Danielsson, Mats Ramstedt
AIMS: To examine if changes in alcohol consumption are associated with changes in cannabis use among Swedish adolescents in a period of diverging trends, and to investigate if cannabis and alcohol act as complements or substitutes. DESIGN, SETTING, PARTICIPANTS AND MEASUREMENTS: Data comprise a nationally representative annual school survey of alcohol and drug habits among Swedish 9th grade students (15-16 years) covering the years 1989-2016 (n=149 603). Alcohol and cannabis use were measured concurrently and alcohol consumption was measured in liters of 100% alcohol per year...
April 21, 2018: Addiction
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29679924/military-status-and-alcohol-problems-former-soldiers-may-be-at-greater-risk
#19
Bonnie M Vest, D Lynn Homish, Jennifer Fillo, Gregory G Homish
OBJECTIVES: The goal of this study was to explore differences in alcohol problems as a function of military status (current soldier, previous soldier and civilian spouses), and the possible interaction between sex and military status. We hypothesized that 1) soldiers would be at greater risk for alcohol problems than civilian spouses, and 2) former soldiers would be at greater risk compared to current soldiers. METHODS: Data were drawn from Operation: SAFETY, a longitudinal study examining physical and mental health among U...
April 13, 2018: Addictive Behaviors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29679641/ethanol-induced-cardiomyocyte-toxicity-involves-autophagy-nfkb-transcription-factor
#20
Jessica Maiuolo, Alessia Maretta, Micaela Gliozzi, Vincenzo Musolino, Cristina Carresi, Francesca Bosco, Rocco Mollace, Federica Scarano, Ernesto Palma, Miriam Scicchitano, Saverio Nucera, Domenico Sergi, Saverio Muscoli, Santo Gratteri, Carolina Muscoli, Vincenzo Mollace
Chronic ethanol (EtOH) consumption causes early detrimental consequences in many tissues including the myocardium, though the molecular mechanisms leading to the alcoholic cardiomyopathy (ACM) still remain to be elucidated. Here, we studied several biomolecular changes occurring in cardiomyoblasts after their exposure to sublethal concentrations of EtOH and the potential synergistic effect with methylmercury (MM) or doxorubicin (DOXO), which are known to produce direct myocardial dysfunction. In addition, the possible role of autophagic responses and Nuclear Factor kappa-B (NFkB) modulation in early post-alcoholic myocardial damage has been investigated...
April 18, 2018: Pharmacological Research: the Official Journal of the Italian Pharmacological Society
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