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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28092190/examining-personalized-feedback-interventions-for-gambling-disorders-a-systematic-review
#1
Loredana Marchica, Jeffrey L Derevensky
Background and aims Personalized feedback interventions (PFI) have shown success as a low-cost, scalable intervention for reducing problematic and excessive consumption of alcohol. Recently, researchers have begun to apply PFI as an intervention method for problematic gambling behaviors. A systematic review of the literature on PFI as an intervention/prevention method for gambling behaviors was performed. Methods Studies were included if they met the following criteria: the design included both a PFI group and a comparison group, and the interventions focused on gambling prevention and/or reduction...
March 2016: Journal of Behavioral Addictions
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28091279/aflatoxin-m1-in-human-breast-milk-in-shahrekord-iran-and-association-with-dietary-factors
#2
Tina Jafari, Aziz A Fallah, Soleiman Kheiri, Abdolmajid Fadaei, Sayed Asadollah Amini
This survey was conducted to determine the occurrence and levels of aflatoxin M1 (AFM1) in 250 breast milk samples of lactating mothers, obtained from urban and rural regions of Shahrekord, Iran. Moreover, the association between AFM1 occurrence levels and dietary factors were assessed. AFM1 analysis was carried out using the competitive enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) technique for screening and high-performance liquid chromatography with fluorescence detection (HPLC-FLD) for confirmatory purposes...
January 16, 2017: Food Additives & Contaminants. Part B, Surveillance
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28088538/perceived-parental-alcohol-problems-and-drinking-patterns-in-youth-a-cross-sectional-study-of-69-030-secondary-education-students-in-denmark
#3
Veronica S C Pisinger, Charlotte A Holst, Pernille Bendtsen, Ulrik Becker, Janne S Tolstrup
The aim of the study was to examine whether young people with parental alcohol problems have different drinking patterns than those without parental alcohol problems. Further, we examined whether the association between parental alcohol problems and young people's drinking patterns differed depending on the gender of the child and the parent, and whether more severe parental alcohol problems and cohabitation with the parent with alcohol problems was associated with earlier and heavier drinking patterns. Data came from the Danish National Youth Study 2014, a web-based national survey...
January 11, 2017: Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28088358/the-peroxisome-proliferator-activated-receptor-alpha-agonist-fenofibrate-attenuates-alcohol-self-administration-in-rats
#4
Colin N Haile, Therese A Kosten
Fibrates are a class of medications used to treat hypercholesterolemia and dyslipidemia that target nuclear peroxisome proliferator-activated receptors (PPARs). Studies have shown the PPARα agonist fenofibrate decreases voluntary EtOH consumption however its impact on the reinforcing and motivational effects of EtOH is unknown. We evaluated the ability of fenofibrate (25, 50 and 100 mg/kg), to alter EtOH (10%, w/v) and sucrose (2%, w/v) operant self-administration in rats under a FR2 schedule of reinforcement over four days and under a progressive ratio (PR) schedule on day five of treatment...
January 11, 2017: Neuropharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28088111/psychometric-evaluation-of-the-generalized-anxiety-disorder-screener-gad-7-based-on-a-large-german-general-population-sample
#5
Andreas Hinz, Annette M Klein, Elmar Brähler, Heide Glaesmer, Tobias Luck, Steffi G Riedel-Heller, Kerstin Wirkner, Anja Hilbert
BACKGROUND: The Generalized Anxiety Disorder Scales GAD-7 and GAD-2 are instruments for the assessment of anxiety. The aims of this study are to test psychometric properties of these questionnaires, to provide normative values, and to investigate associations with sociodemographic factors, quality of life, psychological variables, and behavioral factors. METHODS: A German community sample (n=9721) with an age range of 18-80 years was surveyed using the GAD-7 and several other questionnaires...
December 18, 2016: Journal of Affective Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28087989/alcohol-consumption-and-gastric-cancer-risk-a-meta-analysis
#6
Ke Ma, Zulqarnain Baloch, Ting-Ting He, Xueshan Xia
BACKGROUND We sought to determine by meta-analysis the relationship between drinking alcohol and the risk of gastric cancer. MATERIAL AND METHODS A systematic Medline search was performed to identify all published reports of drinking alcohol and the associated risk of gastric cancer. Initially we retrieved 2,494 studies, but after applying inclusion and exclusion criteria, only ten studies were found to be eligible for our meta-analysis. RESULTS Our meta-analysis showed that alcohol consumption elevated the risk of gastric cancer with an odds ratio (OR) of 1...
January 14, 2017: Medical Science Monitor: International Medical Journal of Experimental and Clinical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28087799/factors-associated-with-high-risk-alcohol-consumption-among-lgb-older-adults-the-roles-of-gender-social-support-perceived-stress-discrimination-and-stigma
#7
Amanda E B Bryan, Hyun-Jun Kim, Karen I Fredriksen-Goldsen
PURPOSE OF THE STUDY: Lesbian, gay, and bisexual (LGB) adults have elevated rates of high-risk alcohol consumption compared with heterosexual adults. Although drinking tends to decline with age in the general population, we know little about LGB older adults' drinking. Using 2014 data from Aging with Pride: National Health, Aging, and Sexuality/Gender Study (NHAS), we aimed to identify factors associated with high-risk drinking in LGB older adults. DESIGN AND METHODS: A U...
February 2017: Gerontologist
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28087569/exercise-as-treatment-for-alcohol-use-disorders-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#8
Mats Hallgren, Davy Vancampfort, Esther S Giesen, Andreas Lundin, Brendon Stubbs
OBJECTIVES: To conduct a systematic review and meta-analysis investigating effects of exercise for people with alcohol use disorders (AUDs) across multiple health outcomes. We also investigated the prevalence and predictors of dropout from exercise studies in AUDs. DESIGN: Systematic review and random effects meta-analysis with meta-regression analyses. DATA SOURCES: 3 major electronic databases were searched from inception until April 2016 for exercise intervention studies in adults with AUDs...
January 13, 2017: British Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28087173/at-the-heart-of-the-problem-a-person-centred-developmental-perspective-on-the-link-between-alcohol-consumption-and-cardio-vascular-events
#9
Valéria Lima Passos, Sven Klijn, Kevin van Zandvoort, Latifa Abidi, Paul Lemmens
INTRODUCTION: The cardio-protective effect of alcohol has been the subject of a long-standing scientific controversy. Emerging evidence remains equivocal, as the validity of the dose-dependent J-shape association is tainted by conceptual, theoretical and methodological problems. A major impediment for a resolution on the matter is the lack of a life-long developmental approach to pinpoint alcohol's specific impact on the risk for cardio-vascular events (CVE). OBJECTIVE: Using retrospective and prospective individual-level data of alcohol consumption (AC) we applied a model-based clustering technique to uncover life-course trajectories of AC and explored their links to CVE...
December 21, 2016: International Journal of Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28081185/upregulated-expression-of-transient-receptor-potential-cation-channel-subfamily-v-receptors-in-mucosae-of-patients-with-oral-squamous-cell-carcinoma-and-patients-with-a-history-of-alcohol-consumption-or-smoking
#10
Akiko Sakakibara, Shunsuke Sakakibara, Junya Kusumoto, Daisuke Takeda, Takumi Hasegawa, Masaya Akashi, Tsutomu Minamikawa, Kazunobu Hashikawa, Hiroto Terashi, Takahide Komori
OBJECTIVES: Transient receptor potential cation channel (subfamily V, members 1-4) (TRPV1-4) are expressed in skin and neurons and activated by external stimuli in normal mucosae of all oral cavity sites. The oral cavity is exposed to various stimuli, including temperature, mechanical stimuli, chemical substances, and changes in pH, and, notably, the risk factors for oncogenic transformation in oral squamous epithelium are the same as the external stimuli received by TRPV1-4 receptors...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28080096/emotion-dysregulation-explains-associations-between-anxiety-sensitivity-and-hazardous-drinking-and-drinking-motives-among-adult-treatment-seeking-smokers
#11
Daniel J Paulus, Jaclyn Valadka, Michael S Businelle, Matthew W Gallagher, Andres G Viana, Norman B Schmidt, Michael J Zvolensky
Smoking and drinking frequently co-occur. For example, alcohol use is associated with smoking lapses during quit attempts. However, little is known regarding psychological factors explaining drinking among smokers. Anxiety sensitivity is a risk factor associated with hazardous drinking and drinking to cope and/or conform, although little is known about mechanisms underlying such associations. One potential explanatory factor is emotion dysregulation. The current study examined emotion dysregulation as an explanatory factor underlying Anxiety Sensitivity and 5 alcohol-related outcomes: hazardous drinking, alcohol consumption, alcohol problems, coping-oriented drinking, and drinking to conform...
January 12, 2017: Psychology of Addictive Behaviors: Journal of the Society of Psychologists in Addictive Behaviors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28078997/lipoprotein-a-and-cardiovascular-risk-the-show-must-go-on
#12
Niki Katsiki, Khalid Al-Rasadi, Dimitri P Mikhailidis
Lipoprotein (a) [Lp(a)] is an independent but moderate, predictor for coronary heart disease (CHD) prevalence and severity. Several established and emerging cardiovascular (CV) risk factors including age, gender, ethnicity, smoking, dyslipidemia, hypertension, obesity, type 2 diabetes mellitus, alcohol consumption, arterial stiffness and hyperuricemia have been linked to Lp(a) metabolism. Apart from CHD, Lp(a) has been also associated with non-cardiac vascular diseases and diseases associated with increased CV risk such as chronic kidney disease, metabolic syndrome, non-alcoholic fatty liver disease, erectile dysfunction, obstructive sleep apnea syndrome, inflammatory bowel diseases and human immunodeficiency virus infection...
January 12, 2017: Current Medicinal Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28078703/selection-bias-and-relationships-between-alcohol-consumption-and-mortality
#13
Timothy S Naimi, Timothy Stockwell, Richard Saitz, Tanya Chikritzhs
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 2017: Addiction
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28078491/prognostic-factors-in-early-breast-cancer-associated-with-body-mass-index-physical-functioning-physical-activity-and-comorbidity-data-from-a-nationwide-danish-cohort
#14
Trine L Guldberg, Søren Christensen, Robert Zachariae, Anders Bonde Jensen
PURPOSE: To explore the associations between lifestyle-related factors and tumor-related prognostic factors in women treated for primary breast cancer, and to detect possible differences between the associations in pre- and postmenopausal women. METHODS: Associations between tumor-related prognostic factors, including the composite endpoint risk of recurrence (RoR), body mass index (BMI), comorbidity (Charlson comorbidity index), basic physical functioning (SF-36), physical activity, smoking, and alcohol consumption were examined with binary logistic regression analysis in a national cohort of 4917 women treated for primary breast cancer...
January 11, 2017: Breast Cancer Research and Treatment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28078169/a-survey-of-energy-drink-consumption-patterns-among-college-students-at-a-mostly-hispanic-university
#15
Ernesto Cabezas-Bou, Jeidiel De León-Arbucias, Nikol Matos-Vergara, Yocasta Álvarez-Bagnarol, Jesús Ortega-Guzmán, Karla Narváez-Pérez, Nelson D Cruz-Bermúdez, Manuel Díaz-Ríos
Background: The purpose of this study was to determine energy drink (ED) consumption patterns among Hispanic college students. We measured the prevalence and frequency of ED consumption according to gender, degree programs, and specific university-related and social situations. In addition, we assessed the frequency of consumption of EDs mixed with alcoholic beverages. Methods: A total of 508 college students from the University of Puerto Rico, the largest Hispanic institution of higher education statewide, completed an online questionnaire...
December 1, 2016: Journal of Caffeine Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28077832/-frailty-and-its-related-factors-in-vulnerable-elderly-population-by-age-groups
#16
Eunok Park, Mi Yu
PURPOSE: This study aimed to investigate factors affecting frailty by age groups among vulnerable elders in Korea. METHODS: In this secondary analysis, data were collected from records for 22,868 eldesr registered in the Visiting Health Management program of Publci Health Centers in 2012. Health behaviors, clinically diagnosed disease, frailty, depression and cognitive condition were assessed. Data were analyzed using stepwise regression to determine the associated factors of frailty by age group...
December 2016: Journal of Korean Academy of Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28077376/dietary-intake-and-peripheral-arterial-disease-incidence-in-middle-aged-adults-the-atherosclerosis-risk-in-communities-aric-study
#17
Rachel P Ogilvie, Pamela L Lutsey, Gerardo Heiss, Aaron R Folsom, Lyn M Steffen
BACKGROUND: Peripheral arterial disease (PAD) is a costly source of morbidity and mortality among older persons in the United States. Dietary intake plays a role in the development of atherosclerotic cardiovascular disease; however, few studies have examined the relation of food intake or dietary patterns with PAD. OBJECTIVE: We examined the relation between habitual dietary intake at midlife and incident PAD over ∼20 y of follow-up. DESIGN: Among 14,082 participants enrolled in the ARIC (Atherosclerosis Risk in Communities) Study initially free of PAD, dietary intake was assessed at baseline in 1987-1989 by using a modified Harvard food-frequency questionnaire...
January 11, 2017: American Journal of Clinical Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28077318/alcohol-microbiome-life-style-influence-alcohol-and-non-alcoholic-organ-damage
#18
REVIEW
Manuela G Neuman, Samuel W French, Samir Zakhari, Stefen Malnick, Helmut K Seitz, Lawrence B Cohen, Mikko Salaspuro, Andreea Voinea Griffin, Andrei Barasch, Irina A Kirpich, Paul G Thomes, Laura W Schrum, Terrence M Donohue, Kusum Kharbanda, Marcus Cruz, Mihai Opris
This paper is based upon the "8th Charles Lieber's Satellite Symposium" organized by Manuela G. Neuman at the Research Society on Alcoholism Annual Meeting, onJune 25, 2016 at New Orleans, Louisiana, USA. The integrative symposium investigated different aspects of alcohol-induced liver disease (ALD) as well as non-alcohol-induced liver disease (NAFLD) and possible repair. We revealedthe basic aspects of alcohol metabolism that may be responsible for the development of liver diseaseas well as the factors that determine the amount, frequency and which type of alcohol misuse leads to liver and gastrointestinal diseases...
January 7, 2017: Experimental and Molecular Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28077126/what-do-we-know-about-the-effects-of-exposure-to-low-alcohol-and-equivalent-product-labelling-on-the-amounts-of-alcohol-food-and-tobacco-people-select-and-consume-a-systematic-review
#19
Ian Shemilt, Vivien Hendry, Theresa M Marteau
BACKGROUND: Explicit labelling of lower strength alcohol products could reduce alcohol consumption by attracting more people to buy and drink such products instead of higher strength ones. Alternatively, it may lead to more consumption due to a 'self-licensing' mechanism. Equivalent labelling of food or tobacco (for example "Low fat" or "Low tar") could influence consumption of those products by similar mechanisms. This systematic review examined the effects of 'Low alcohol' and equivalent labelling of alcohol, food and tobacco products on selection, consumption, and perceptions of products among adults...
January 12, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28077105/the-prevalence-of-the-metabolic-syndrome-in-a-farm-worker-community-in-the-boland-district-south-africa
#20
Maritza J Kruger, Theo A Nell
BACKGROUND: In South Africa, not much is known about MetS in farm working communities. This study aimed to describe the prevalence of the MetS in a farm working population from the Boland winelands district of the Western Cape, South Africa. METHODS: A cross-sectional study was followed among farm workers (aged 20-60 years) from surrounding wine estates. The questionnaires used described socio-demographic status, ethnic background, alcohol consumption, smoking, exercise and daily medication...
January 11, 2017: BMC Public Health
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