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Egr2;B cell

Jason B Williams, Brendan L Horton, Yan Zheng, Yukan Duan, Jonathan D Powell, Thomas F Gajewski
Although the presence of tumor-infiltrating lymphocytes (TILs) indicates an endogenous antitumor response, immune regulatory pathways can subvert the effector phase and enable tumor escape. Negative regulatory pathways include extrinsic suppression mechanisms, but also a T cell-intrinsic dysfunctional state. A more detailed study has been hampered by a lack of cell surface markers defining tumor-specific dysfunctional TILs, and PD-1 alone is not sufficient. Recently, we identified the transcription factor Egr2 as a critical component in controlling the anergic state in vitro...
February 2017: Journal of Experimental Medicine
Chuanyong Mu, Xueshu Zhang, Lu Wang, Aizhang Xu, Khawaja Ashfaque Ahmed, Xueqin Pang, Rajni Chibbar, Andrew Freywald, Jianan Huang, Yehan Zhu, Jim Xiang
Compared with CD4(+)25(+) regulatory T cells (Tregs), the mechanisms for natural, polyclonal CD8(+)25(+) Treg immune suppression have been significantly less studied. We previously showed that polyclonal T cells can acquire antigen-specific targeting activity through arming with exosomal peptide-MHC (pMHC). In this study, we assessed the suppressive effect of CD8(+)25(+) Tregs or CD8(+)25(+) Tregs armed with ovalbumin (OVA)-specific exosomes on other immune cells and OVA-specific dendritic cell (DCOVA)-stimulated antitumor immunity...
January 17, 2017: Journal of Leukocyte Biology
Kaoru Morita, Tomohisa Okamura, Mariko Inoue, Toshihiko Komai, Shuzo Teruya, Yukiko Iwasaki, Shuji Sumitomo, Hirofumi Shoda, Kazuhiko Yamamoto, Keishi Fujio
Systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) is a prototypical autoimmune disease characterized by multiorgan inflammation induced by autoantibodies. Early growth response gene 2 (Egr2), a transcription factor essential for T-cell anergy induction, controls systemic autoimmunity in mice and humans. We have previously identified a subpopulation of CD4(+) regulatory T cells, CD4(+)CD25(-)LAG3(+) cells, that characteristically express both Egr2 and LAG3 and control mice model of lupus via TGF-β3 production. However, due to the mild phenotype of lymphocyte-specific Egr2-deficient mice, the presence of an additional regulator has been speculated...
December 13, 2016: Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
Ewa Kozela, Ana Juknat, Fuying Gao, Nathali Kaushansky, Giovanni Coppola, Zvi Vogel
BACKGROUND: Our previous studies showed that the non-psychoactive cannabinoid, cannabidiol (CBD), ameliorates the clinical symptoms in mouse myelin oligodendrocyte glycoprotein (MOG)35-55-induced experimental autoimmune encephalomyelitis model of multiple sclerosis (MS) as well as decreases the memory MOG35-55-specific T cell (TMOG) proliferation and cytokine secretion including IL-17, a key autoimmune factor. The mechanisms of these activities are currently poorly understood. METHODS: Herein, using microarray-based gene expression profiling, we describe gene networks and intracellular pathways involved in CBD-induced suppression of these activated memory TMOG cells...
2016: Journal of Neuroinflammation
Yang Lin, Eric A Lewallen, Emily T Camilleri, Carolina A Bonin, Dakota L Jones, Amel Dudakovic, Catalina Galeano-Garces, Wei Wang, Marcel J Karperien, Annalise N Larson, Diane L Dahm, Michael J Stuart, Bruce A Levy, Jay Smith, Daniel B Ryssman, Jennifer J Westendorf, Hee-Jeong Im, Andre J van Wijnen, Scott M Riester, Aaron J Krych
Preservation of osteochondral allografts used for transplantation is critical to ensure favorable outcomes for patients after surgical treatment of cartilage defects. To study the biological effects of protocols currently used for cartilage storage, we investigated differences in gene expression between stored allograft cartilage and fresh cartilage from living donors using high throughput molecular screening strategies. We applied next generation RNA sequencing (RNA-seq) and real-time reverse transcription quantitative polymerase chain reaction (RT-qPCR) to assess genome-wide differences in mRNA expression between stored allograft cartilage and fresh cartilage tissue from living donors...
November 2016: Journal of Orthopaedic Research: Official Publication of the Orthopaedic Research Society
Julia Herglotz, Ludmilla Unrau, Friderike Hauschildt, Meike Fischer, Neele Kriebitzsch, Malik Alawi, Daniela Indenbirken, Michael Spohn, Ursula Müller, Marion Ziegler, Wolfgang Schuh, Hans-Martin Jäck, Carol Stocking
The sequential activation of distinct developmental gene networks governs the ultimate identity of a cell, but the mechanisms involved in initiating downstream programs are incompletely understood. The pre-B-cell receptor (pre-BCR) is an important checkpoint of B-cell development and is essential for a pre-B cell to traverse into an immature B cell. Here, we show that activation of myocyte enhancer factor 2 (Mef2) transcription factors (TFs) by the pre-BCR is necessary for initiating the subsequent genetic network...
February 4, 2016: Blood
Deniz Gökbuget, Jorge A Pereira, Sven Bachofner, Antonin Marchais, Constance Ciaudo, Markus Stoffel, Johannes H Schulte, Ueli Suter
MicroRNAs (miRNAs) are crucial regulators of myelination in the peripheral nervous system (PNS). However, the miRNAs species involved and the underlying mechanisms are largely unknown. We found that let-7 miRNAs are highly abundant during PNS myelination and that their levels are inversely correlated to the expression of lin28 homolog B (Lin28B), an antagonist of let-7 accumulation. Sustained expression of Lin28B and consequently reduced levels of let-7 miRNAs results in a failure of Schwann cell myelination in transgenic mouse models and in cell culture...
2015: Nature Communications
Loris De Cecco, Matteo Capaia, Simona Zupo, Giovanna Cutrona, Serena Matis, Antonella Brizzolara, Anna Maria Orengo, Michela Croce, Edoardo Marchesi, Manlio Ferrarini, Silvana Canevari, Silvano Ferrini
Several factors support CLL cell survival in the microenvironment. Under different experimental conditions, IL21 can either induce apoptosis or promote CLL cell survival. To investigate mechanisms involved in the effects of IL21, we studied the ability of IL21 to modulate gene and miRNA expressions in CD40-activated CLL cells. IL21 was a major regulator of chemokine production in CLL cells and it modulated the expression of genes involved in cell movement, metabolism, survival and apoptosis. In particular, IL21 down-regulated the expression of the chemokine genes CCL4, CCL3, CCL3L1, CCL17, and CCL2, while it up-regulated the Th1-related CXCL9 and CXCL10...
2015: PloS One
Ane Ogbe, Tizong Miao, Alistair L J Symonds, Becky Omodho, Randeep Singh, Punamdip Bhullar, Suling Li, Ping Wang
T follicular helper (Tfh) cells support differentiation of B cells to plasma cells and high affinity antibody production in germinal centers (GCs), and Tfh differentiation requires the function of B cell lymphoma 6 (BCL6). We have now discovered that early growth response gene 2 (EGR2) and EGR3 directly regulate the expression of Bcl6 in Tfh cells, which is required for their function in regulation of GC formation. In the absence of EGR2 and -3, the expression of BCL6 in Tfh cells is defective, leading to impaired differentiation of Tfh cells, resulting in a failure to form GCs following virus infection and defects in production of antiviral antibodies...
August 14, 2015: Journal of Biological Chemistry
Ewa Kozela, Ana Juknat, Nathali Kaushansky, Avraham Ben-Nun, Giovanni Coppola, Zvi Vogel
BACKGROUND: Cannabidiol (CBD), the main non-psychoactive cannabinoid, has been previously shown by us to ameliorate clinical symptoms and to decrease inflammation in myelin oligodendrocyte glycoprotein (MOG)35-55-induced mouse experimental autoimmune encephalomyelitis model of multiple sclerosis as well as to decrease MOG35-55-induced T cell proliferation and IL-17 secretion. However, the mechanisms of CBD anti-inflammatory activities are unclear. METHODS: Here we analyzed the effects of CBD on splenocytes (source of accessory T cells and antigen presenting cells (APC)) co-cultured with MOG35-55-specific T cells (TMOG) and stimulated with MOG35-55...
2015: Journal of Neuroinflammation
Edy Y Kim, Lydia Lynch, Patrick J Brennan, Nadia R Cohen, Michael B Brenner
Invariant natural killer T (iNKT) cells are innate T cells that express a semi-invariant T cell receptor (TCR) and recognize lipid antigens presented by CD1d molecules. As part of innate immunity, iNKT cells rapidly produce large amounts of cytokines after activation and regulate the function of innate and adaptive immune cells in antimicrobial immunity, tumor rejection and inflammatory diseases. Global transcriptional profiling has advanced our understanding of all aspects of iNKT cell biology. In this review, we discuss transcriptional analyses of iNKT cell development, functional subsets of iNKT cells, and global comparisons of iNKT cells to other innate and adaptive immune cells...
February 2015: Seminars in Immunology
Ewa Kozela, Ana Juknat, Nathali Kaushansky, Avraham Ben-Nun, Giovanni Coppola, Zvi Vogel
BACKGROUND: Cannabidiol (CBD), the main non-psychoactive cannabinoid, has been previously shown by us to ameliorate clinical symptoms and to decrease inflammation in myelin oligodendrocyte glycoprotein (MOG)35-55-induced mouse experimental autoimmune encephalomyelitis model of multiple sclerosis as well as to decrease MOG35-55-induced T cell proliferation and IL-17 secretion. However, the mechanisms of CBD anti-inflammatory activities are unclear. METHODS: Here we analyzed the effects of CBD on splenocytes (source of accessory T cells and antigen presenting cells (APC)) co-cultured with MOG35-55-specific T cells (TMOG) and stimulated with MOG35-55...
December 2015: Journal of Neuroinflammation
Tomohisa Okamura, Shuji Sumitomo, Kaoru Morita, Yukiko Iwasaki, Mariko Inoue, Shinichiro Nakachi, Toshihiko Komai, Hirofumi Shoda, Jun-Ichi Miyazaki, Keishi Fujio, Kazuhiko Yamamoto
Autoantibodies induce various autoimmune diseases, including systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE). We previously described that CD4(+)CD25(-)LAG3(+) regulatory T cells (LAG3(+) Treg) are regulated by Egr2, a zinc-finger transcription factor required for the induction of T-cell anergy. We herein demonstrate that LAG3(+) Treg produce high amounts of TGF-β3 in an Egr2- and Fas-dependent manner. LAG3(+) Treg require TGF-β3 to suppress B-cell responses in a murine model of lupus. Moreover, TGF-β3- and LAG3(+) Treg-mediated suppression requires PD-1 expression on B cells...
2015: Nature Communications
Katrien Pletinckx, Martin Vaeth, Theresa Schneider, Niklas Beyersdorf, Thomas Hünig, Friederike Berberich-Siebelt, Manfred B Lutz
Anergic T cells can survive for long time periods passively in a hyporesponsive state without obvious active functions. Thus, the immunological reason for their maintenance is unclear. Here, we induced peptide-specific anergy in T cells from mice by coculturing these cells with immature murine dendritic cells (DCs). We found that these anergic, nonsuppressive IL-10(-) Foxp3(-) CTLA-4(+) CD25(low) Egr2(+) T cells could be converted into suppressive IL-10(+) Foxp3(-) CTLA-4(+) CD25(high) Egr2(+) cells resembling type-1 Treg cells (Tr1) when stimulated a second time by immature DCs in vitro...
February 2015: European Journal of Immunology
Leontina M Banica, Alina N Besliu, Gina C Pistol, Crina Stavaru, Violeta Vlad, Denisa Predeteanu, Ruxandra Ionescu, Maria Stefanescu, Cristiana Matache
AIM: Systemic Lupus Erythematosus (SLE) patients display dysfunctions in T cell activation and anergy. Therefore the aims of our study were to explore the expression of anergy-related factors in CD4(+) T cells in relationship with regulatory T cells (Tregs) frequency in SLE patients and to identify strategies to redress these defects. METHOD: Casitas B-cell lymphoma b (Cbl-b) and 'gene related to anergy in lymphocytes' (GRAIL) proteins were analyzed in peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMCs) from SLE patients and healthy donors (HD) by immunoblotting...
October 28, 2014: International Journal of Rheumatic Diseases
Yanwen Jiang, Olivier Elemento
By comparing the genomes of progenitor cells and mature cells of lymphoid and myeloid lineages in patients with chronic lymphocytic leukemia (CLL), Damm and colleagues confirmed that CLL originates from preleukemic CD34(+) progenitor cells and identified early CLL mutations that are associated with these progenitor cells. Moreover, they discovered that deregulation of B-cell receptor signaling may be one of the hallmarks of CLL, particularly in tumors with EGR2 mutations.
September 2014: Cancer Discovery
Frederik Damm, Elena Mylonas, Adrien Cosson, Kenichi Yoshida, Véronique Della Valle, Enguerran Mouly, M'boyba Diop, Laurianne Scourzic, Yuichi Shiraishi, Kenichi Chiba, Hiroko Tanaka, Satoru Miyano, Yoshikane Kikushige, Frederick Davi, Jérôme Lambert, Daniel Gautheret, Hélène Merle-Béral, Laurent Sutton, Philippe Dessen, Eric Solary, Koichi Akashi, William Vainchenker, Thomas Mercher, Nathalie Droin, Seishi Ogawa, Florence Nguyen-Khac, Olivier A Bernard
UNLABELLED: Appropriate cancer care requires a thorough understanding of the natural history of the disease, including the cell of origin, the pattern of clonal evolution, and the functional consequences of the mutations. Using deep sequencing of flow-sorted cell populations from patients with chronic lymphocytic leukemia (CLL), we established the presence of acquired mutations in multipotent hematopoietic progenitors. Mutations affected known lymphoid oncogenes, including BRAF, NOTCH1, and SF3B1...
September 2014: Cancer Discovery
Keishi Fujio, Tomohisa Okamura, Shuji Sumitomo, Kazuhiko Yamamoto
Regulatory T cells (Treg) are important mechanisms that regulate autoimmunity and CD4+CD25+Foxp3+ regulatory T cells (CD25+Treg) have been extensively investigated. Recently, we have identified CD4+CD25-LAG3+ regulatory T cells (LAG3+Treg) that express an anergy associated transcription factor Egr2. Egr2 regulates IL-10 production in response to IL-27, and Egr2-deficiency in T cells and B cells results in systemic autoimmunity with increased IL-17 production. Moreover, addition of Egr3 deficiency to Egr2-deficient mice significantly accelerates systemic autoimmunity without functional impairment of CD25+Treg, indicating cooperative autoimmune-regulation by Egr2 and Egr3...
2014: Nihon Rinshō Men'eki Gakkai Kaishi, Japanese Journal of Clinical Immunology
Zhihong Yuan, Mansoor Ali Syed, Dipti Panchal, Myungsoo Joo, Marco Colonna, Mark Brantly, Ruxana T Sadikot
Triggering receptor expressed on myeloid cells 1 (TREM-1) is a superimmunoglobulin receptor expressed on myeloid cells that plays an important role in the amplification of inflammation. Recent studies suggest a role for TREM-1 in tumor-associated macrophages with relationship to tumor growth and progression. Whether the effects of TREM-1 on inflammation and tumor growth are mediated by an alteration in cell survival signaling is not known. In these studies, we show that TREM-1 knock-out macrophages exhibit an increase in apoptosis of cells in response to lipopolysaccharide (LPS) suggesting a role for TREM-1 in macrophage survival...
May 23, 2014: Journal of Biological Chemistry
Lee B Meakin, Gabriel L Galea, Toshihiro Sugiyama, Lance E Lanyon, Joanna S Price
Bones adjust their mass and architecture to be sufficiently robust to withstand functional loading by adapting to their strain environment. This mechanism appears less effective with age, resulting in low bone mass. In male and female young adult (17-week-old) and old (19-month-old) mice, we investigated the effect of age in vivo on bones' adaptive response to loading and in vitro in primary cultures of osteoblast-like cells derived from bone cortices. Right tibias were axially loaded on alternate days for 2 weeks...
August 2014: Journal of Bone and Mineral Research: the Official Journal of the American Society for Bone and Mineral Research
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