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Obstetric violence

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27895065/social-determinants-and-maternal-exposure-to-intimate-partner-violence-of-obstetric-patients-with-severe-maternal-morbidity-in-the-intensive-care-unit-a-systematic-review-protocol
#1
Beatriz Paulina Ayala Quintanilla, Angela Taft, Susan McDonald, Wendy Pollock, Joel Christian Roque Henriquez
INTRODUCTION: Maternal mortality is a potentially preventable public health issue. Maternal morbidity is increasingly of interest to aid the reduction of maternal mortality. Obstetric patients admitted to the intensive care unit (ICU) are an important part of the global burden of maternal morbidity. Social determinants influence health outcomes of pregnant women. Additionally, intimate partner violence has a great negative impact on women's health and pregnancy outcome. However, little is known about the contextual and social aspects of obstetric patients treated in the ICU...
November 28, 2016: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27822978/history-of-violence-and-subjective-health-of-mother-and-child
#2
Margret O Tomasdottir, Hildur Kristjansdottir, Amalia Bjornsdottir, Linn Getz, Thora Steingrimsdottir, Olof A Olafsdottir, Johann A Sigurdsson
OBJECTIVE: To study the self-reported prevalence of experienced violence among a cohort of women about two years after giving birth, their health during pregnancy, pregnancy outcomes and their experience of their child's health. SETTING AND SUBJECTS: In 2011, a total of 657 women participated in phase III of the Childbirth and Health Cohort Study in Icelandic Primary Health Care, 18 to 24 months after delivery. The women had previously participated in phase I around pregnancy week 16 and phase II 5-6 months after delivery...
November 8, 2016: Scandinavian Journal of Primary Health Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27815987/self-reported-exposure-to-severe-events-on-the-labour-ward-among-swedish-midwives-and-obstetricians-a-cross-sectional-retrospective-study
#3
Åsa Wahlberg, Magna Andreen Sachs, Kerstin Bergh Johannesson, Gunilla Hallberg, Maria Jonsson, Agneta Skoog Svanberg, Ulf Högberg
BACKGROUND: The process of delivery entails potentially traumatic events in which the mother or child becomes injured or dies. Midwives and obstetricians are sometimes responsible for these events and can be negatively affected by them as well as by the resulting investigation or complaints procedure (clinical negligence). OBJECTIVE: To assess the self-reported exposure rate of severe events among midwives and obstetricians on the delivery ward and the cumulative risk by professional years and subsequent investigations and complaints...
October 22, 2016: International Journal of Nursing Studies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27805756/violence-against-women-knowledge-attitudes-and-beliefs-of-nurses-and-midwives
#4
Patrizia Di Giacomo, Alessandra Cavallo, AnnaMaria Bagnasco, Marina Sartini, Loredana Sasso
AIMS AND OBJECTIVES: This study's objective is to describe the knowledge, attitudes and beliefs of nurses and midwives who have attended to women who suffered violence. This study further analyses the possible changes of attitude that have occurred over the past 5 years. BACKGROUND: Gender violence or violence against women is the largest problem with regard to public health and violated human rights all over the world. In Italy, it is estimated that 31.5 % of women suffer physical or sexual violence during their life...
November 2, 2016: Journal of Clinical Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27798710/prevalence-and-determinants-of-unintended-pregnancy-in-mchinji-district-malawi-using-a-conceptual-hierarchy-to-inform-analysis
#5
Jennifer Anne Hall, Geraldine Barrett, Tambosi Phiri, Andrew Copas, Address Malata, Judith Stephenson
BACKGROUND: In 2012 there were around 85 million unintended pregnancies globally. Unintended pregnancies unnecessarily expose women to the risks associated with pregnancy, unsafe abortion and childbirth, thereby contributing to maternal mortality and morbidity. Studies have identified a range of potential determinants of unplanned pregnancy but have used varying methodologies, measures of pregnancy intention and analysis techniques. Consequently there are many contradictions in their findings...
2016: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27578340/obstetric-violence-a-new-framework-for-identifying-challenges-to-maternal-healthcare-in-argentina
#6
Carlos Herrera Vacaflor
Argentina has recognized women's right to not be subjected to obstetric violence, the violence exercised by health personnel on the body and reproductive processes of pregnant women, as expressed through dehumanizing treatment, medicalization abuse, and the conversion of natural processes of reproduction into pathological ones. Argentina's legislative decision to frame this abuse and mistreatment of women under the rubric of gender-based violence permits the identification of failures in both the healthcare system and women's participation in society...
May 2016: Reproductive Health Matters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27578339/invisible-wounds-obstetric-violence-in-the-united-states
#7
Farah Diaz-Tello
In recent years, there has been growing public attention to a problem many US health institutions and providers disclaim: bullying and coercion of pregnant women during birth by health care personnel, known as obstetric violence. Through a series of real case studies, this article provides a legal practitioner's perspective on a systemic problem of institutionalized gender-based violence with only individual tort litigation as an avenue for redress, and even that largely out of reach for women. It provides an overview of the limitations of the civil justice system in addressing obstetric violence, and compares alternatives from Latin American jurisdictions...
May 2016: Reproductive Health Matters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27578338/moving-beyond-disrespect-and-abuse-addressing-the-structural-dimensions-of-obstetric-violence
#8
Michelle Sadler, Mário Jds Santos, Dolores Ruiz-Berdún, Gonzalo Leiva Rojas, Elena Skoko, Patricia Gillen, Jette A Clausen
During recent decades, a growing and preoccupying excess of medical interventions during childbirth, even in physiological and uncomplicated births, together with a concerning spread of abusive and disrespectful practices towards women during childbirth across the world, have been reported. Despite research and policy-making to address these problems, changing childbirth practices has proved to be difficult. We argue that the excessive rates of medical interventions and disrespect towards women during childbirth should be analysed as a consequence of structural violence, and that the concept of obstetric violence, as it is being used in Latin American childbirth activism and legal documents, might prove to be a useful tool for addressing structural violence in maternity care such as high intervention rates, non-consented care, disrespect and other abusive practices...
May 2016: Reproductive Health Matters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27578336/systemic-violence-against-syrian-refugee-women-and-the-myth-of-effective-intrapersonal-interventions
#9
Rola Yasmine, Catherine Moughalian
Since the uprising in Syria in March 2011, over 4.3 million Syrians have fled to neighboring countries. Over a million have sought refuge in Lebanon, constituting almost a quarter of the Lebanese population and becoming the largest refugee population per capita in the world. With inequitable health coverage being a longstanding problem in Lebanon, Syrian refugee women's health, and specifically their sexual and reproductive health, is disproportionately affected. An increase in gender-based violence and early marriage, a lack of access to emergency obstetric care, limited access to contraception, forced cesarean sections, and high cost of healthcare services, all contribute to poor sexual and reproductive health...
May 2016: Reproductive Health Matters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27562912/post-traumatic-stress-symptoms-in-swedish-obstetricians-and-midwives-after-severe-obstetric-events-a-cross-sectional-retrospective-survey
#10
Å Wahlberg, M Andreen Sachs, K Johannesson, G Hallberg, M Jonsson, A Skoog Svanberg, U Högberg
OBJECTIVE: To examine post-traumatic stress reactions among obstetricians and midwives, experiences of support and professional consequences after severe events in the labour ward. DESIGN: Cross-sectional online survey from January 7 to March 10, 2014. POPULATION: Members of the Swedish Society of Obstetrics and Gynaecology and the Swedish Association of Midwives. METHODS: Potentially traumatic events were defined as: the child died or was severely injured during delivery; maternal near-miss; maternal mortality; and other events such as violence or threat...
August 26, 2016: BJOG: An International Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27500340/higher-risk-of-homicide-among-pregnant-and-postpartum-females-aged-10-29-years-in-illinois-2002-2011
#11
Abigail R Koch, Deborah Rosenberg, Stacie E Geller
OBJECTIVE: To examine whether being pregnant or postpartum was associated with excess risk for homicide among females in Illinois and to describe the association between pregnancy status and homicide by race, ethnicity, and age group. METHODS: This is a retrospective, multicohort, ecologic study of females of reproductive age in Illinois between 2002 and 2011 using Illinois Department of Public Health maternal mortality data and vital records data. We compared pregnancy-associated homicides with live births using χ tests...
September 2016: Obstetrics and Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27453837/domestic-violence-in-the-solomon-islands
#12
Mikaela A Ming, Molly G Stewart, Rose E Tiller, Rebecca G Rice, Louise E Crowley, Nicola J Williams
The Solomon Islands has one of the highest rates of family and sexual violence (FSV) in the world with 64% of women aged 15-49 have reported physical and/or sexual abuse by a partner. The National Referral Hospital (NRH) in the capital, Honiara, is the only tertiary hospital for the country. Our 4-week medical elective at the NRH was spent reflecting on healthcare challenges including FSV, with the aim of identifying cases of FSV and assessing on the current strategies to improve care for victims. Throughout our placement, we encountered many cases of probable FSV, particularly in the Emergency Department and Obstetrics and Gynecology...
January 2016: Journal of Family Medicine and Primary Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27448959/use-of-hiv-pre-exposure-prophylaxis-during-the-preconception-antepartum-and-postpartum-periods-at%C3%A2-two%C3%A2-united-states-medical-centers
#13
Dominika L Seidman, Shannon Weber, Maria Teresa Timoney, Karishma K Oza, Elizabeth Mullins, Deborah L Cohan, Rodney L Wright
BACKGROUND: Pregnancy may increase a woman's susceptibility to HIV. Maternal HIV acquisition during pregnancy and lactation is associated with increased perinatal and lactational HIV transmission. There are no published reports of preexposure prophylaxis use after the first trimester of pregnancy or during lactation. OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to report the use of preexposure prophylaxis and to identify gaps in HIV prevention services for women who were at substantial risk of HIV preconception and during pregnancy and lactation at 2 United States medical centers...
July 19, 2016: American Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27428060/prevalence-of-domestic-violence-in-hong-kong-chinese-women-presenting-with-urinary-symptoms
#14
Wai Sze Paulin Ma, Ting Chung Pun
OBJECTIVES: To determine the prevalence of domestic violence and its risk factors in women presenting with urinary symptoms. METHODS: The study was carried out in the urogynecology clinic and general gynecology clinic, Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Queen Mary Hospital, Hong Kong from 1st May 2013 till 31st October 2014. Two hundred and twenty-five women presenting to the urogynecology clinic with urinary symptoms were categorized according to their symptoms and were asked to complete the Modified Abuse Assessment Screen...
2016: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27399924/depressive-symptoms-in-pregnancy-the-influence-of-social-psychological-and-obstetric-aspects
#15
Eleomar Vilela de Moraes, Rodolfo Nunes Campos, Mariza Martins Avelino
Purpose To assess the prevalence of depressive symptoms and their association with social, psychological, behavioral and obstetric characteristics in pregnant women. Methods This is a cross-sectional study. The sample consisted of 375 pregnant women who attended prenatal clinics in two public maternity hospitals located in the city of Goiania, Brazil. To testify the depressive symptoms, we used the Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale (HADS). A descriptive statistical analysis was performed using programs such as CDC EPI-INFO™, version 7...
June 2016: Revista Brasileira de Ginecologia e Obstetrícia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27385873/intimate-partner-violence-associated-factors-and-acceptability-of-contraception-among-the-women
#16
Rajlaxmi Mundhra, Nilanchali Singh, Somya Kaushik, Anita Mendiratta
OBJECTIVE: To determine the prevalence of various types of domestic violence and to find out the impact of intimate partner violence (IPV) on adoption of contraceptive measures among the women who are victim to this. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This questionnaire-based, cross-sectional study was conducted in the department of obstetrics and gynecology of a tertiary care hospital in Delhi. Four hundred and one postpartum females were randomly selected over a period of 5 months and were questioned about their age, parity, educational status, occupation, husband's education, monthly family income, and, if present, IPV in detail...
July 2016: Indian Journal of Community Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27307354/domestic-violence-in-pregnant-women-a-study-conducted-in-the-postpartum-period-of-adolescents-and-adults
#17
Lucia Helena Mello de Lima, Rosiane Mattar, Anelise Riedel Abrahão
The aim of this study was to estimate the prevalence of domestic violence in adolescent and adult mothers who were admitted to obstetrics services centers in Brazil and to identify risk factors of domestic violence and any adverse obstetric and perinatal outcomes. Researchers used standardized interviews, the questionnaire Abuse Assessment Screen, and a review of patients' medical records. Descriptive statistical analyses were also used. The prevalence of domestic violence among all participants totaled 40...
June 15, 2016: Journal of Interpersonal Violence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27289202/psychometric-characterization-of-the-obstetric-communication-assessment-tool-for-medical-education-a-pilot-study
#18
A Noel Rodriguez, Peter DeWitt, Jennifer Fisher, Kirsten Broadfoot, K Joseph Hurt
OBJECTIVE: To characterize the psychometric properties of a novel Obstetric Communication Assessment Tool (OCAT) in a pilot study of standardized difficult OB communication scenarios appropriate for undergraduate medical evaluation. METHODS: We developed and piloted four challenging OB Standardized Patient (SP) scenarios in a sample of twenty-one third year OB/GYN clerkship students: Religious Beliefs (RB), Angry Father (AF), Maternal Smoking (MS), and Intimate Partner Violence (IPV)...
2016: International Journal of Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27148402/predictors-of-alcohol-and-other-drug-use-among-pregnant-women-in-a-peri-urban-south-african-setting
#19
Michael Nnachebe Onah, Sally Field, Thandi van Heyningen, Simone Honikman
BACKGROUND: Alcohol and other drugs (AOD) use among pregnant women have been associated with adverse health outcomes for mother and child, during and after pregnancy. Factors associated with AOD use among women include age, poverty, unemployment, and interpersonal conflict. Few studies have looked at demographic, economic, and psychosocial factors as predictors of AOD use among pregnant women in low-income, peri-urban settings. The study aimed to determine the association between these risk factors and alcohol and drug use among pregnant women in Hanover Park, Cape Town...
2016: International Journal of Mental Health Systems
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27138653/obstetric-violence-in-south-africa
#20
Rachelle Joy Chadwick
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 2016: South African Medical Journal, Suid-Afrikaanse Tydskrif Vir Geneeskunde
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