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Obstetric violence

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29749290/neither-medicine-nor-health-care-staff-members-are-violent-by-nature-obstetric-violence-from-an-interactionist-perspective
#1
Ximena Briceño Morales, Laura Victoria Enciso Chaves, Carlos Enrique Yepes Delgado
This study sought to understand the meaning that women place on the health care practices carried out during labor. We used techniques from Grounded Theory such as coding, categorization, and constant comparison. A total of 18 interviews were conducted with 16 women who had given birth at least once in Colombia. Based on our results, we argue that obstetric violence is an expression of violence during the provision of health care, which occurs in a social environment favoring the development of power relationships between patients and health care staff...
May 1, 2018: Qualitative Health Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29736274/burden-of-physical-psychological-and-social-ill-health-during-and-after-pregnancy-among-women-in-india-pakistan-kenya-and-malawi
#2
Mary McCauley, Barbara Madaj, Sarah A White, Fiona Dickinson, Sarah Bar-Zev, Mamuda Aminu, Pamela Godia, Pratima Mittal, Shamsa Zafar, Nynke van den Broek
Introduction: For every woman who dies during pregnancy and childbirth, many more suffer ill-health, the burden of which is highest in low-resource settings. We sought to assess the extent and types of maternal morbidity. Methods: Descriptive observational cross-sectional study at primary-level and secondary-level healthcare facilities in India, Pakistan, Kenya and Malawi to assess physical, psychological and social morbidity during and after pregnancy. Sociodemographic factors, education, socioeconomic status (SES), quality of life, satisfaction with health, reported symptoms, clinical examination and laboratory investigations were assessed...
2018: BMJ Global Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29727059/obstetric-violence-a-latin-american-legal-response-to-mistreatment-during-childbirth
#3
Caitlin R Williams, Celeste Jerez, Karen Klein, Malena Correa, José M Belizán, Gabriela Cormick
Over the last several years, a new legal construct has emerged in Latin America that encompasses elements of quality of obstetric care and mistreatment of women during childbirth - both issues of global maternal health import. Termed "obstetric violence," this legal construct refers to disrespectful and abusive treatment that women may experience from health care providers during pregnancy, childbirth, and the postpartum period, as well as other elements of poor quality care, such as failure to adhere to evidence-based best practices...
May 4, 2018: BJOG: An International Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29695386/the-relationship-between-intimate-partner-violence-reported-at-the-first-antenatal-booking-visit-and-obstetric-and-perinatal-outcomes-in-an-ethnically-diverse-group-of-australian-pregnant-women-a-population-based-study-over-10-years
#4
Hannah Grace Dahlen, Ana Maria Munoz, Virginia Schmied, Charlene Thornton
OBJECTIVES: Intimate partner violence (IPV) is a global health issue affecting mainly women and is known to escalate during pregnancy and impact negatively on obstetric and perinatal outcomes. The aim of this study is to determine the incidence of IPV in a pregnant multicultural population and to determine the relationship between IPV reported at booking interview and maternal and perinatal outcomes. DESIGN: This is a retrospective population-based data study. We analysed routinely collected data (2006-2016) from the ObstetriX system on a cohort of pregnant women...
April 25, 2018: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29554107/antenatal-depressive-symptoms-in-jamaica-associated-with-limited-perceived-partner-and-other-social-support-a-cross-sectional-study
#5
Omotayo Bernard, Roger C Gibson, Affette McCaw-Binns, Jody Reece, Charlene Coore-Desai, Sydonnie Shakespeare-Pellington, Maureen Samms-Vaughan
BACKGROUND: Antenatal depression is associated with adverse maternal and infant well-being. However, compared to postpartum depression, it has been less frequently explored globally or in Jamaica. This study aimed to determine the prevalence of, and factors associated with, antenatal depressive symptoms among Jamaican women in order to inform policy and build interventions that could improve their management and reduce their negative consequences. METHODS: This secondary analysis of data from the second Jamaican Birth Cohort Study (JA-Kids Birth Cohort) included 3,517 women enrolled during pregnancy...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29542434/how-should-trainees-respond-in-situations-of-obstetric-violence
#6
Nicholas Rubashkin, Nicole Minckas
Argentina passed a law for humanized birth in 2004 and another law against obstetric violence in 2009, both of which stipulate the rights of women to achieve respectful maternity care. Clinicians and women might still be unaware of these laws, however. In this article, we discuss the case of a fourth-year medical student who, while visiting Argentina from the United States for his obstetric rotation, witnesses an act of obstetric violence. We show that the student's situation can be understood as one of moral distress and argue that, in this specific instance, it would be appropriate for the student to intervene by providing supportive care to the patient...
March 1, 2018: AMA Journal of Ethics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29540421/impact-of-violence-against-women-on-severe-acute-maternal-morbidity-in-the-intensive-care-unit-including-neonatal-outcomes-a-case-control-study-protocol-in-a-tertiary-healthcare-facility-in-lima-peru
#7
Beatriz Paulina Ayala Quintanilla, Wendy E Pollock, Susan J McDonald, Angela J Taft
INTRODUCTION: Preventing and reducing violence against women (VAW) and maternal mortality are Sustainable Development Goals. Worldwide, the maternal mortality ratio has fallen about 44% in the last 25 years, and for one maternal death there are many women affected by severe acute maternal morbidity (SAMM) requiring management in the intensive care unit (ICU). These women represent the most critically ill obstetric patients of the maternal morbidity spectrum and should be studied to complement the review of maternal mortality...
March 14, 2018: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29469554/a-violent-birth-reframing-coerced-procedures-during-childbirth-as-obstetric-violence
#8
Maria TR Borges
In the United States, women are routinely forced to undergo cesarean sections, episiotomies, and the use of forceps, despite their desire to attempt natural vaginal delivery. Yet, the current American legal system does little to provide redress for women coerced to undergo certain medical procedures during childbirth. Courts and physicians alike are prepared to override a woman's choice of childbirth procedure if they believe this choice poses risks to the fetus, and both give little value to the woman's right to bodily autonomy...
January 2018: Duke Law Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29431903/intimate-partner-violence-sexual-autonomy-and-postpartum-std-prevention-among-young-couples-a-mediation-analysis
#9
Tiara C Willie, Tamora A Callands, Trace S Kershaw
CONTEXT: The transition to parenthood is a stressful time for young couples and can put them at risk for acquiring STDs. Mechanisms underlying this risk-particularly, intimate partner violence (IPV) and sexual autonomy-have not been well studied. METHODS: Between 2007 and 2011, a prospective cohort study of the relationships and health of pregnant adolescents and their male partners recruited 296 couples at four hospital-based obstetrics and gynecology clinics in the U...
March 2018: Perspectives on Sexual and Reproductive Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29417590/association-between-intimate-partner-violence-during-pregnancy-and-maternal-pregnancy-complications-among-recently-delivered-women-in-bangladesh
#10
Jannatul Ferdos, Md Mosfequr Rahman, Syeda S Jesmin, Md Aminur Rahman, Toshiyuki Sasagawa
Intimate partner violence (IPV), an actual or threatened physical, sexual, or psychological abuse by a current or former partner or spouse, is a common global public health issue. Understanding both the prevalence of IPV during pregnancy and its potential impact on the health of pregnant women is important for the development and implementation of interventions to prevent maternal morbidity and mortality. The purpose of this study was to explore the association between maternal experiences of IPV during pregnancy and pregnancy complications...
May 2018: Aggressive Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29277063/effect-of-the-2015-nepal-earthquakes-on-symptoms-of-common-mental-disorders-among-women-who-are-pregnant
#11
Goma Kumari Khatri, Thach Duc Tran, Sushil Baral, Jane Fisher
BACKGROUND: Antenatal mental health problems are of concern globally not only because of the burden and limits to participation experienced by women but also because of risks for foetal neurocognitive development and adverse birth outcomes. The aim was to describe the indicative prevalence of and risk and protective factors for clinically-significant symptoms of antenatal common mental disorders (CMDs) among women who experienced the 2015 Nepal earthquakes during pregnancy. METHODS: A population-based cross-sectional study in Bhaktapur, one of 14 districts highly affected by the 2015 Nepal earthquakes...
March 1, 2018: Journal of Affective Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29220610/predictors-of-alcohol-use-during-pregnancy-among-women-attending-midwife-obstetric-units-in-the-cape-metropole-south-africa
#12
Petal Petersen-Williams, Catherine Mathews, Esmé Jordaan, Charles D H Parry
INTRODUCTION: Little is known about the nature and extent of substance use among pregnant women in Cape Town (South Africa) despite the very high levels of substance use and related consequences such as FASD in this part of the country. The aim of the study was to determine predictors of alcohol use among pregnant women. METHODS: A cross-sectional survey was conducted among pregnant women attending 11 Midwife Obstetric Units (MOUs) in greater Cape Town. A two-stage cluster survey design was used...
December 8, 2017: Substance Use & Misuse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29096592/-safe-yet-violent-women-s-experiences-with-obstetric-violence-during-hospital-births-in-rural-northeast-india
#13
Sreeparna Chattopadhyay, Arima Mishra, Suraj Jacob
The majority of maternal health interventions in India focus on increasing institutional deliveries to reduce maternal mortality, typically by incentivising village health workers to register births and making conditional cash transfers to mothers for hospital births. Based on over 15 months of ethnographically informed fieldwork conducted between 2015 and 2017 in rural Assam, the Indian state with the highest recorded rate of maternal deaths, we find that while there has been an expansion in institutional deliveries, the experience of childbirth in government facilities is characterised by obstetric violence...
November 3, 2017: Culture, Health & Sexuality
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29073914/measuring-mistreatment-of-women-during-childbirth-a-review-of-terminology-and-methodological-approaches
#14
REVIEW
Virginia Savage, Arachu Castro
BACKGROUND: Although mistreatment of women during facility-based childbirth has received increasing recognition as a critical issue throughout the world, there remains a lack of consensus on operational definitions of mistreatment and best practices to assess the issue. Moreover, only minimal research has focused on mistreatment in Latin America and the Caribbean, a region notable for social inequalities and inequitable access to maternal health care. METHODS: In this article, we discuss the results of a literature review that sought to contribute to the determination of best practices in defining and measuring the mistreatment of women during childbirth, particularly within Latin America and the Caribbean...
October 26, 2017: Reproductive Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29069198/death-surveillance-as-an-indicator-of-the-quality-of-health-care-for-women-and-children
#15
Cristiane Magalhães de Melo, Talita Iasmim Soares Aquino, Marcela Quaresma Soares, Paula Dias Bevilacqua
The study aimed to evaluate the implementation of a regional death surveillance network, reflecting on challenges and potentialities of performance as observatory of violence against women. The research involved nine municipalities of a health region set at the Zona da Mata, Minas Gerais, Brazil. We followed the meetings of the regional death surveillance committee and conducted semi-structured interviews with professional members of the committee and municipal health managers. Furthermore, we analyzed information concerning investigations conducted and, in one municipality, we analyzed the notifications of deaths and cases of violence against women...
October 2017: Ciência & Saúde Coletiva
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29063901/eclampsia-in-rural-nigeria-the-unmitigating-catastrophe
#16
Chidi Ochu Uzoma Esike, Ukaegbe Ikechi Chukwuemeka, Okechukwu Bonaventure Anozie, Justus Ndulue Eze, Obioma Christian Aluka, Deirdre Eilleen Twomey
INTRODUCTION: Eclampsia is one of the most dreaded causes of adverse outcomes of pregnancy worldwide. It is one of the greatest causes of maternal and perinatal morbidity and mortality world over. We do not know the prevalence, management outcome, and the devastation caused by this dreaded disease in our center hence the need for this work. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This is a 7-year retrospective review of all cases of eclampsia managed in Mater Misericordiae Hospital Afikpo, a rural secondary cum referral Catholic Mission Hospital in Afikpo, Ebonyi State in Southeastern Nigeria...
October 2017: Annals of African Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29053439/factors-influencing-indonesian-women-s-use-of-maternal-health-care-services
#17
Anna Kurniati, Ching-Min Chen, Ferry Efendi, Sarni Maniar Berliana
Employing the 2012 Indonesia Demographic and Health Survey data, we aimed to examine factors influencing married women to use maternity services. Data of married women who had given birth in the last five years before the survey were included in the analysis (n = 14,672). Factors of education, employment, women's age at first marriage, age at first birth, spousal education difference, contraceptive use, place of residence, and woman's attitude toward wife beating were associated with the use of antenatal care, institutional delivery, and postnatal care services...
January 2018: Health Care for Women International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29028364/the-effectiveness-of-empowerment-program-on-increasing-self-esteem-learned-resourcefulness-and-coping-ways-in-women-exposed-to-domestic-violence
#18
Emel Bahadir-Yilmaz, Fatma Öz
This study was conducted to assess the effectiveness of empowerment program on increasing self-esteem, learned resourcefulness, and coping ways in women exposed to domestic violence. This experimental study was conducted between October 2012 and June 2014 in the obstetrics and gynaecology departments of the Giresun Maternity Hospital, and at the Family Counseling Center (FCC) in Turkey. Sixty women who agreed to participate in the study were randomly assigned into two groups. Data were collected by the Coopersmith Self-Esteem Inventory (SEI), The Rosenbaum's Learned Resourcefulness Scale (RLRS), and the Ways of Coping Inventory (WCI)...
February 2018: Issues in Mental Health Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28916875/traumatic-injuries-to-the-pregnant-patient-a-critical-literature-review
#19
REVIEW
P Petrone, P Jiménez-Morillas, A Axelrad, C P Marini
INTRODUCTION: Trauma during pregnancy is the leading non-obstetrical cause of maternal death and a significant public health burden. This study reviews the most common causes of trauma during pregnancy, morbidity, and mortality, and the impact upon perinatal outcomes associated with trauma, providing a management approach to pregnant trauma patients. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A systematic review of the current literature from January 2006 to July 2016 was performed...
September 15, 2017: European Journal of Trauma and Emergency Surgery: Official Publication of the European Trauma Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28844826/pregnant-trauma-victims-experience-nearly-2-fold-higher-mortality-compared-to-their-nonpregnant-counterparts
#20
Neha A Deshpande, Lauren M Kucirka, Randi N Smith, Corrina M Oxford
BACKGROUND: Trauma is the leading nonobstetric cause of death in women of reproductive age, and pregnant women in particular may be at increased risk of violent trauma. Management of trauma in pregnancy is complicated by altered maternal physiology, provider expertise, potential disparate imaging, and distorted anatomy. Little is known about the impact of trauma on maternal mortality. OBJECTIVE: We sought to: (1) characterize nonviolent and violent trauma among pregnant women; (2) determine whether pregnancy is associated with increased mortality following traumatic injury; and (3) identify risk factors for trauma-related death in pregnant women...
November 2017: American Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology
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