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Obstetric violence

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28916875/traumatic-injuries-to-the-pregnant-patient-a-critical-literature-review
#1
REVIEW
P Petrone, P Jiménez-Morillas, A Axelrad, C P Marini
INTRODUCTION: Trauma during pregnancy is the leading non-obstetrical cause of maternal death and a significant public health burden. This study reviews the most common causes of trauma during pregnancy, morbidity, and mortality, and the impact upon perinatal outcomes associated with trauma, providing a management approach to pregnant trauma patients. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A systematic review of the current literature from January 2006 to July 2016 was performed...
September 15, 2017: European Journal of Trauma and Emergency Surgery: Official Publication of the European Trauma Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28844826/pregnant-trauma-victims-experience-nearly-2-fold-higher-mortality-compared-to-their-nonpregnant-counterparts
#2
Neha A Deshpande, Lauren M Kucirka, Randi N Smith, Corrina M Oxford
BACKGROUND: Trauma is the leading nonobstetric cause of death in women of reproductive age, and pregnant women in particular may be at increased risk of violent trauma. Management of trauma in pregnancy is complicated by altered maternal physiology, provider expertise, potential disparate imaging, and distorted anatomy. Little is known about the impact of trauma on maternal mortality. OBJECTIVE: We sought to: (1) characterize nonviolent and violent trauma among pregnant women; (2) determine whether pregnancy is associated with increased mortality following traumatic injury; and (3) identify risk factors for trauma-related death in pregnant women...
August 24, 2017: American Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28844823/addressing-maternal-deaths-due-to-violence-the%C3%A2-illinois-experience
#3
Abigail R Koch, Stacie E Geller
Homicide, suicide, and substance abuse accounted for nearly one fourth of all pregnancy-associated deaths in Illinois from 2002 through 2013. Maternal mortality review in Illinois has been primarily focused on obstetric and medical causes and little is known about the circumstances surrounding deaths due to homicide, suicide, and substance abuse, if they are pregnancy related, and if the deaths are potentially preventable. To address this issue, we implemented a process to form a second statewide maternal mortality review committee for deaths due to violence in late 2014...
August 24, 2017: American Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28842114/intergenerational-effect-of-maternal-exposure-to-childhood-maltreatment-on-newborn-brain-anatomy
#4
Nora K Moog, Sonja Entringer, Jerod M Rasmussen, Martin Styner, John H Gilmore, Norbert Kathmann, Christine M Heim, Pathik D Wadhwa, Claudia Buss
BACKGROUND: Childhood maltreatment (CM) confers deleterious long-term consequences, and growing evidence suggests some of these effects may be transmitted across generations. We examined the intergenerational effect of maternal CM exposure on child brain structure and also addressed the hypothesis that this effect may start during the child's intrauterine period of life. METHODS: A prospective longitudinal study was conducted in a clinical convenience sample of 80 mother-child dyads...
July 21, 2017: Biological Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28841089/intimate-partner-violence-small-for-gestational-age-birth-and-cigarette-smoking-in-the-pregnancy-risk-assessment-monitoring-system
#5
Jeanne L Alhusen, Ruth Geller, Jerry Jellig, Chakra Budhathoki, Michele Decker
BACKGROUND: Exposure to intimate partner violence (IPV) in the perinatal period is associated with obstetric complications, poor maternal mental health, neonatal complications, and increased risk of infant mortality and morbidity. Less is known about how IPV may influence small for gestational age (SGA) birth. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Data were obtained for 231,081 United States mothers who delivered neonates from 2004 to 2011 and completed the Pregnancy Risk Assessment Monitoring System survey 2-9 months after delivery...
August 25, 2017: Journal of Women's Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28768550/abuse-and-disrespect-in-childbirth-process-and-abortion-situation-in-latin-america-and-the-caribbean-systematic-review-protocol
#6
Sofia Madeira, Vicky Pileggi, João Paulo Souza
BACKGROUND: Studies show that a large number of women around the world have experienced situations of abuse, disrespect, abuse, and neglect during childbirth and/or abortion. This violence is a serious violation of the rights of women, especially because it is a period in which the woman is more physiologically, socially, and psychologically vulnerable. Although this type of violence is known, there is still no international consensus on the definition of such violence and its prevalence is not known...
August 3, 2017: Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28746574/institutional-violence-and-quality-of-service-in-obstetrics-are-associated-with-postpartum-depression
#7
Karina Junqueira de Souza, Daphne Rattner, Muriel Bauermann Gubert
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the association between institutional violence in obstetrics and postpartum depression (PP depression) and the potential effect of race, age, and educational level in this outcome. METHODS: This is a cross-sectional study about the health care conditions for the maternal and child population of the Federal District, Brazil, carried out in 2011. The study has used a probabilistic sample of 432 women, whose children were aged up to three months, stratified by clusters...
July 20, 2017: Revista de Saúde Pública
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28614080/legal-briefing-unwanted-cesareans-and-obstetric-violence
#8
Thaddeus Mason Pope
A capacitated pregnant woman has a nearly unqualified right to refuse a cesarean section. Her right to say "no" takes precedence over clinicians' preferences and even over clinicians' concerns about fetal health. Leading medical societies, human rights organizations, and appellate courts have all endorsed this principle. Nevertheless, clinicians continue to limit reproductive liberty by forcing and coercing women to have unwanted cesareans. This "Legal Briefing" reviews recent court cases involving this type of obstetric violence...
2017: Journal of Clinical Ethics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28521830/evidence-based-policy-responses-to-strengthen-health-community-and-legislative-systems-that-care-for-women-in-australia-with-female-genital-mutilation-cutting
#9
REVIEW
Nesrin Varol, John J Hall, Kirsten Black, Sabera Turkmani, Angela Dawson
BACKGROUND: The physical and psychological impact of female genital mutilation / cutting (FGM/C) can be substantial, long term, and irreversible. Parts of the health sector in Australia have developed guidelines in the management of FGM/C, but large gaps exist in community and professional knowledge of the consequences and treatment of FGM/C. The prevalence of FGM/C amongst Australian women is unknown. Our article reviews the literature on research on FGM/C in Australia, which focuses on health system response to women and girls with FGM/C...
May 18, 2017: Reproductive Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28516847/who-is-at-risk-for-intimate-partner-violence-victimization-using-latent-class-analysis-to-explore-interpersonal-polyvictimization-and-polyperpetration-among-pregnant-young-couples
#10
Tiara C Willie, Adeya Powell, Jessica Lewis, Tamora Callands, Trace Kershaw
The purpose of our study was (a) to use latent class analyses to identify subgroups of interpersonal polyvictimization and polyperpetration among young pregnant couples and (b) examine actor-partner effects of latent classes on current intimate partner violence (IPV) victimization. Data were collected from 296 pregnant young couples recruited at obstetrics and gynecology clinics. A 3-latent class model emerged for women: Polyvictim-Polyperpetrator, Nonvictim-Nonperpetrator, and Community and Prior IPV Victim...
June 1, 2017: Violence and Victims
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28319122/can-a-simulation-based-training-program-impact-the-use-of-evidence-based-routine-practices-at-birth-results-of-a-hospital-based-cluster-randomized-trial-in-mexico
#11
RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED TRIAL
Jimena Fritz, Dilys M Walker, Susanna Cohen, Gustavo Angeles, Hector Lamadrid-Figueroa
BACKGROUND: In Mexico, although the majority of births are attended in hospitals, reports have emerged of obstetric violence, use of unsafe practices, and failure to employ evidence-based practices (EBP). Recent attention has refocused global efforts towards provision of quality care that is both patient-centered and evidence-based. Scaling up of local interventions should rely on strong evidence of effectiveness. OBJECTIVE: To perform a secondary analysis to evaluate the impact of a simulation and team-training program (PRONTO) on the performance of EBP in normal births...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28267023/experiences-and-impact-of-mistreatment-and-obstetric-violence-on-women-during-childbearing-a-systematic-review-protocol
#12
Julie McGarry, Kathryn Hinsliff-Smith, Kim Watts, Paula McCloskey, Catrin Evans
The aim of this review is to synthesize the best available evidence on the experiences of mistreatment and/or obstetric violence in women. Specifically, the objective is to explore, from a woman's point of view, the impacts and consequences of mistreatment and/or obstetric violence during childbearing. The review question is: "What are the experiences and impact of mistreatment and obstetric violence on women during the active period of childbearing?"
March 2017: JBI Database of Systematic Reviews and Implementation Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28237897/exploring-the-associations-between-intimate-partner-violence-victimization-during-pregnancy-and-delayed-entry-into-prenatal-care-evidence-from-a-population-based-study-in-bangladesh
#13
Md Jahirul Islam, Lisa Broidy, Kathleen Baird, Paul Mazerolle
OBJECTIVE: Intimate partner violence (IPV) during pregnancy can have serious health consequences for mothers and newborns. The aim of the study is to explore: 1) the influence of experiencing IPV during pregnancy on delayed entry into prenatal care; and 2) whether women's decision-making autonomy and the support for traditional gender roles act to mediate or moderate the relationship between IPV and delayed entry into prenatal care. DESIGN: cross-sectional survey...
April 2017: Midwifery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28140615/unsettling-the-fistula-narrative-cultural-pathology-biomedical-redemption-and-inequities-of-health-access-in-niger-and-ethiopia
#14
Alison Heller, Anita Hannig
Obstetric fistula, a maternal childbirth injury that results in chronic incontinence, affects an estimated one million women in the global south. In the course of media and donor coverage on this condition, fistula sufferers have been branded as 'child brides' who, following the onset of their incontinence, become social pariahs and eventually find physical and social redemption through surgical repair. This narrative framing pits the violence of 'culture' against the potency of biomedical salvation. Based on over two years of ethnographic research at fistula repair centres in Niger and Ethiopia, this paper challenges this narrative and argues that most women with obstetric fistula remain embedded in social relations, receive continued familial support, and, unexpectedly, experience ambiguous surgical outcomes...
April 2017: Anthropology & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28099692/a-hospital-based-study-of-intimate-partner-violence-during-pregnancy
#15
Sandhya Jain, Khushboo Varshney, Neelam B Vaid, Kiran Guleria, Keya Vaid, Neha Sharma
OBJECTIVE: To determine the prevalence and types of intimate partner violence (IPV) during pregnancy, factors linked with IPV, and effects of IPV on maternal-fetal outcomes. METHODS: In a prospective observational study at a tertiary care hospital in Delhi, India, 400 women at 20-28 weeks of pregnancy were screened for IPV between December 2013 and April 2015. The women completed a detailed questionnaire and were followed up until delivery. RESULTS: Overall, 49 (12...
April 2017: International Journal of Gynaecology and Obstetrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28050406/a-study-of-workplace-violence-experienced-by-doctors-and-associated-risk-factors-in-a-tertiary-care-hospital-of-south-delhi-india
#16
Mukesh Kumar, Madhur Verma, Timiresh Das, Geeta Pardeshi, Jugal Kishore, Arun Padmanandan
INTRODUCTION: The increasing incidences of violence against doctors in their workplaces are an important reason for stress among these healthcare workers. Many incidences of workplace violence against doctors have been reported in the past and are also being continuously reported from different parts of the country as well as the world. AIM: To determine the prevalence of workplace violence among doctors and to study the associated risk factors in a tertiary care hospital of Delhi, India...
November 2016: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27960615/posttraumatic-stress-and-depression-may-undermine-abuse-survivors-self-efficacy-in-the-obstetric-care-setting
#17
Natalie R Stevens, Vanessa Tirone, Teresa A Lillis, Lucie Holmgreen, Allison Chen-McCracken, Stevan E Hobfoll
INTRODUCTION: Posttraumatic stress symptoms (PTS) are associated with increased risk of obstetric complications among pregnant survivors of trauma, abuse and interpersonal violence, but little is known about how PTS affects women's actual experiences of obstetric care. This study investigated the rate at which abuse history was detected by obstetricians, whether abuse survivors experienced more invasive exams than is typically indicated for routine obstetric care, and whether psychological distress was associated with abuse survivors' sense of self-efficacy when communicating their obstetric care needs...
December 14, 2016: Journal of Psychosomatic Obstetrics and Gynaecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27895065/social-determinants-and-maternal-exposure-to-intimate-partner-violence-of-obstetric-patients-with-severe-maternal-morbidity-in-the-intensive-care-unit-a-systematic-review-protocol
#18
Beatriz Paulina Ayala Quintanilla, Angela Taft, Susan McDonald, Wendy Pollock, Joel Christian Roque Henriquez
INTRODUCTION: Maternal mortality is a potentially preventable public health issue. Maternal morbidity is increasingly of interest to aid the reduction of maternal mortality. Obstetric patients admitted to the intensive care unit (ICU) are an important part of the global burden of maternal morbidity. Social determinants influence health outcomes of pregnant women. Additionally, intimate partner violence has a great negative impact on women's health and pregnancy outcome. However, little is known about the contextual and social aspects of obstetric patients treated in the ICU...
November 28, 2016: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27822978/history-of-violence-and-subjective-health-of-mother-and-child
#19
Margret O Tomasdottir, Hildur Kristjansdottir, Amalia Bjornsdottir, Linn Getz, Thora Steingrimsdottir, Olof A Olafsdottir, Johann A Sigurdsson
OBJECTIVE: To study the self-reported prevalence of experienced violence among a cohort of women about two years after giving birth, their health during pregnancy, pregnancy outcomes and their experience of their child's health. SETTING AND SUBJECTS: In 2011, a total of 657 women participated in phase III of the Childbirth and Health Cohort Study in Icelandic Primary Health Care, 18 to 24 months after delivery. The women had previously participated in phase I around pregnancy week 16 and phase II 5-6 months after delivery...
December 2016: Scandinavian Journal of Primary Health Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27815987/self-reported-exposure-to-severe-events-on-the-labour-ward-among-swedish-midwives-and-obstetricians-a-cross-sectional-retrospective-study
#20
Åsa Wahlberg, Magna Andreen Sachs, Kerstin Bergh Johannesson, Gunilla Hallberg, Maria Jonsson, Agneta Skoog Svanberg, Ulf Högberg
BACKGROUND: The process of delivery entails potentially traumatic events in which the mother or child becomes injured or dies. Midwives and obstetricians are sometimes responsible for these events and can be negatively affected by them as well as by the resulting investigation or complaints procedure (clinical negligence). OBJECTIVE: To assess the self-reported exposure rate of severe events among midwives and obstetricians on the delivery ward and the cumulative risk by professional years and subsequent investigations and complaints...
January 2017: International Journal of Nursing Studies
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