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Obstetric violence

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28768550/abuse-and-disrespect-in-childbirth-process-and-abortion-situation-in-latin-america-and-the-caribbean-systematic-review-protocol
#1
Sofia Madeira, Vicky Pileggi, João Paulo Souza
BACKGROUND: Studies show that a large number of women around the world have experienced situations of abuse, disrespect, abuse, and neglect during childbirth and/or abortion. This violence is a serious violation of the rights of women, especially because it is a period in which the woman is more physiologically, socially, and psychologically vulnerable. Although this type of violence is known, there is still no international consensus on the definition of such violence and its prevalence is not known...
August 3, 2017: Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28746574/institutional-violence-and-quality-of-service-in-obstetrics-are-associated-with-postpartum-depression
#2
Karina Junqueira de Souza, Daphne Rattner, Muriel Bauermann Gubert
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the association between institutional violence in obstetrics and postpartum depression (PP depression) and the potential effect of race, age, and educational level in this outcome. METHODS: This is a cross-sectional study about the health care conditions for the maternal and child population of the Federal District, Brazil, carried out in 2011. The study has used a probabilistic sample of 432 women, whose children were aged up to three months, stratified by clusters...
July 20, 2017: Revista de Saúde Pública
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28614080/legal-briefing-unwanted-cesareans-and-obstetric-violence
#3
Thaddeus Mason Pope
A capacitated pregnant woman has a nearly unqualified right to refuse a cesarean section. Her right to say "no" takes precedence over clinicians' preferences and even over clinicians' concerns about fetal health. Leading medical societies, human rights organizations, and appellate courts have all endorsed this principle. Nevertheless, clinicians continue to limit reproductive liberty by forcing and coercing women to have unwanted cesareans. This "Legal Briefing" reviews recent court cases involving this type of obstetric violence...
2017: Journal of Clinical Ethics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28521830/evidence-based-policy-responses-to-strengthen-health-community-and-legislative-systems-that-care-for-women-in-australia-with-female-genital-mutilation-cutting
#4
REVIEW
Nesrin Varol, John J Hall, Kirsten Black, Sabera Turkmani, Angela Dawson
BACKGROUND: The physical and psychological impact of female genital mutilation / cutting (FGM/C) can be substantial, long term, and irreversible. Parts of the health sector in Australia have developed guidelines in the management of FGM/C, but large gaps exist in community and professional knowledge of the consequences and treatment of FGM/C. The prevalence of FGM/C amongst Australian women is unknown. Our article reviews the literature on research on FGM/C in Australia, which focuses on health system response to women and girls with FGM/C...
May 18, 2017: Reproductive Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28516847/who-is-at-risk-for-intimate-partner-violence-victimization-using-latent-class-analysis-to-explore-interpersonal-polyvictimization-and-polyperpetration-among-pregnant-young-couples
#5
Tiara C Willie, Adeya Powell, Jessica Lewis, Tamora Callands, Trace Kershaw
The purpose of our study was (a) to use latent class analyses to identify subgroups of interpersonal polyvictimization and polyperpetration among young pregnant couples and (b) examine actor-partner effects of latent classes on current intimate partner violence (IPV) victimization. Data were collected from 296 pregnant young couples recruited at obstetrics and gynecology clinics. A 3-latent class model emerged for women: Polyvictim-Polyperpetrator, Nonvictim-Nonperpetrator, and Community and Prior IPV Victim...
June 1, 2017: Violence and Victims
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28319122/can-a-simulation-based-training-program-impact-the-use-of-evidence-based-routine-practices-at-birth-results-of-a-hospital-based-cluster-randomized-trial-in-mexico
#6
Jimena Fritz, Dilys M Walker, Susanna Cohen, Gustavo Angeles, Hector Lamadrid-Figueroa
BACKGROUND: In Mexico, although the majority of births are attended in hospitals, reports have emerged of obstetric violence, use of unsafe practices, and failure to employ evidence-based practices (EBP). Recent attention has refocused global efforts towards provision of quality care that is both patient-centered and evidence-based. Scaling up of local interventions should rely on strong evidence of effectiveness. OBJECTIVE: To perform a secondary analysis to evaluate the impact of a simulation and team-training program (PRONTO) on the performance of EBP in normal births...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28267023/experiences-and-impact-of-mistreatment-and-obstetric-violence-on-women-during-childbearing-a-systematic-review-protocol
#7
Julie McGarry, Kathryn Hinsliff-Smith, Kim Watts, Paula McCloskey, Catrin Evans
The aim of this review is to synthesize the best available evidence on the experiences of mistreatment and/or obstetric violence in women. Specifically, the objective is to explore, from a woman's point of view, the impacts and consequences of mistreatment and/or obstetric violence during childbearing. The review question is: "What are the experiences and impact of mistreatment and obstetric violence on women during the active period of childbearing?"
March 2017: JBI Database of Systematic Reviews and Implementation Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28237897/exploring-the-associations-between-intimate-partner-violence-victimization-during-pregnancy-and-delayed-entry-into-prenatal-care-evidence-from-a-population-based-study-in-bangladesh
#8
Md Jahirul Islam, Lisa Broidy, Kathleen Baird, Paul Mazerolle
OBJECTIVE: Intimate partner violence (IPV) during pregnancy can have serious health consequences for mothers and newborns. The aim of the study is to explore: 1) the influence of experiencing IPV during pregnancy on delayed entry into prenatal care; and 2) whether women's decision-making autonomy and the support for traditional gender roles act to mediate or moderate the relationship between IPV and delayed entry into prenatal care. DESIGN: cross-sectional survey...
April 2017: Midwifery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28140615/unsettling-the-fistula-narrative-cultural-pathology-biomedical-redemption-and-inequities-of-health-access-in-niger-and-ethiopia
#9
Alison Heller, Anita Hannig
Obstetric fistula, a maternal childbirth injury that results in chronic incontinence, affects an estimated one million women in the global south. In the course of media and donor coverage on this condition, fistula sufferers have been branded as 'child brides' who, following the onset of their incontinence, become social pariahs and eventually find physical and social redemption through surgical repair. This narrative framing pits the violence of 'culture' against the potency of biomedical salvation. Based on over two years of ethnographic research at fistula repair centres in Niger and Ethiopia, this paper challenges this narrative and argues that most women with obstetric fistula remain embedded in social relations, receive continued familial support, and, unexpectedly, experience ambiguous surgical outcomes...
April 2017: Anthropology & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28099692/a-hospital-based-study-of-intimate-partner-violence-during-pregnancy
#10
Sandhya Jain, Khushboo Varshney, Neelam B Vaid, Kiran Guleria, Keya Vaid, Neha Sharma
OBJECTIVE: To determine the prevalence and types of intimate partner violence (IPV) during pregnancy, factors linked with IPV, and effects of IPV on maternal-fetal outcomes. METHODS: In a prospective observational study at a tertiary care hospital in Delhi, India, 400 women at 20-28 weeks of pregnancy were screened for IPV between December 2013 and April 2015. The women completed a detailed questionnaire and were followed up until delivery. RESULTS: Overall, 49 (12...
December 22, 2016: International Journal of Gynaecology and Obstetrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28050406/a-study-of-workplace-violence-experienced-by-doctors-and-associated-risk-factors-in-a-tertiary-care-hospital-of-south-delhi-india
#11
Mukesh Kumar, Madhur Verma, Timiresh Das, Geeta Pardeshi, Jugal Kishore, Arun Padmanandan
INTRODUCTION: The increasing incidences of violence against doctors in their workplaces are an important reason for stress among these healthcare workers. Many incidences of workplace violence against doctors have been reported in the past and are also being continuously reported from different parts of the country as well as the world. AIM: To determine the prevalence of workplace violence among doctors and to study the associated risk factors in a tertiary care hospital of Delhi, India...
November 2016: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27960615/posttraumatic-stress-and-depression-may-undermine-abuse-survivors-self-efficacy-in-the-obstetric-care-setting
#12
Natalie R Stevens, Vanessa Tirone, Teresa A Lillis, Lucie Holmgreen, Allison Chen-McCracken, Stevan E Hobfoll
INTRODUCTION: Posttraumatic stress symptoms (PTS) are associated with increased risk of obstetric complications among pregnant survivors of trauma, abuse and interpersonal violence, but little is known about how PTS affects women's actual experiences of obstetric care. This study investigated the rate at which abuse history was detected by obstetricians, whether abuse survivors experienced more invasive exams than is typically indicated for routine obstetric care, and whether psychological distress was associated with abuse survivors' sense of self-efficacy when communicating their obstetric care needs...
December 14, 2016: Journal of Psychosomatic Obstetrics and Gynaecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27895065/social-determinants-and-maternal-exposure-to-intimate-partner-violence-of-obstetric-patients-with-severe-maternal-morbidity-in-the-intensive-care-unit-a-systematic-review-protocol
#13
Beatriz Paulina Ayala Quintanilla, Angela Taft, Susan McDonald, Wendy Pollock, Joel Christian Roque Henriquez
INTRODUCTION: Maternal mortality is a potentially preventable public health issue. Maternal morbidity is increasingly of interest to aid the reduction of maternal mortality. Obstetric patients admitted to the intensive care unit (ICU) are an important part of the global burden of maternal morbidity. Social determinants influence health outcomes of pregnant women. Additionally, intimate partner violence has a great negative impact on women's health and pregnancy outcome. However, little is known about the contextual and social aspects of obstetric patients treated in the ICU...
November 28, 2016: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27822978/history-of-violence-and-subjective-health-of-mother-and-child
#14
Margret O Tomasdottir, Hildur Kristjansdottir, Amalia Bjornsdottir, Linn Getz, Thora Steingrimsdottir, Olof A Olafsdottir, Johann A Sigurdsson
OBJECTIVE: To study the self-reported prevalence of experienced violence among a cohort of women about two years after giving birth, their health during pregnancy, pregnancy outcomes and their experience of their child's health. SETTING AND SUBJECTS: In 2011, a total of 657 women participated in phase III of the Childbirth and Health Cohort Study in Icelandic Primary Health Care, 18 to 24 months after delivery. The women had previously participated in phase I around pregnancy week 16 and phase II 5-6 months after delivery...
December 2016: Scandinavian Journal of Primary Health Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27815987/self-reported-exposure-to-severe-events-on-the-labour-ward-among-swedish-midwives-and-obstetricians-a-cross-sectional-retrospective-study
#15
Åsa Wahlberg, Magna Andreen Sachs, Kerstin Bergh Johannesson, Gunilla Hallberg, Maria Jonsson, Agneta Skoog Svanberg, Ulf Högberg
BACKGROUND: The process of delivery entails potentially traumatic events in which the mother or child becomes injured or dies. Midwives and obstetricians are sometimes responsible for these events and can be negatively affected by them as well as by the resulting investigation or complaints procedure (clinical negligence). OBJECTIVE: To assess the self-reported exposure rate of severe events among midwives and obstetricians on the delivery ward and the cumulative risk by professional years and subsequent investigations and complaints...
January 2017: International Journal of Nursing Studies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27805756/violence-against-women-knowledge-attitudes-and-beliefs-of-nurses-and-midwives
#16
Patrizia Di Giacomo, Alessandra Cavallo, AnnaMaria Bagnasco, Marina Sartini, Loredana Sasso
AIMS AND OBJECTIVES: To describe the knowledge, attitudes and beliefs of nurses and midwives who have attended to women who suffered violence. This study further analyses the possible changes of attitude that have occurred over the past five years. BACKGROUND: Gender violence or violence against women is the largest problem with regard to public health and violated human rights all over the world. In Italy, it is estimated that 31·5% of women suffer physical or sexual violence during their life...
August 2017: Journal of Clinical Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27798710/prevalence-and-determinants-of-unintended-pregnancy-in-mchinji-district-malawi-using-a-conceptual-hierarchy-to-inform-analysis
#17
Jennifer Anne Hall, Geraldine Barrett, Tambosi Phiri, Andrew Copas, Address Malata, Judith Stephenson
BACKGROUND: In 2012 there were around 85 million unintended pregnancies globally. Unintended pregnancies unnecessarily expose women to the risks associated with pregnancy, unsafe abortion and childbirth, thereby contributing to maternal mortality and morbidity. Studies have identified a range of potential determinants of unplanned pregnancy but have used varying methodologies, measures of pregnancy intention and analysis techniques. Consequently there are many contradictions in their findings...
2016: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27578340/obstetric-violence-a-new-framework-for-identifying-challenges-to-maternal-healthcare-in-argentina
#18
Carlos Herrera Vacaflor
Argentina has recognized women's right to not be subjected to obstetric violence, the violence exercised by health personnel on the body and reproductive processes of pregnant women, as expressed through dehumanizing treatment, medicalization abuse, and the conversion of natural processes of reproduction into pathological ones. Argentina's legislative decision to frame this abuse and mistreatment of women under the rubric of gender-based violence permits the identification of failures in both the healthcare system and women's participation in society...
May 2016: Reproductive Health Matters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27578339/invisible-wounds-obstetric-violence-in-the-united-states
#19
Farah Diaz-Tello
In recent years, there has been growing public attention to a problem many US health institutions and providers disclaim: bullying and coercion of pregnant women during birth by health care personnel, known as obstetric violence. Through a series of real case studies, this article provides a legal practitioner's perspective on a systemic problem of institutionalized gender-based violence with only individual tort litigation as an avenue for redress, and even that largely out of reach for women. It provides an overview of the limitations of the civil justice system in addressing obstetric violence, and compares alternatives from Latin American jurisdictions...
May 2016: Reproductive Health Matters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27578338/moving-beyond-disrespect-and-abuse-addressing-the-structural-dimensions-of-obstetric-violence
#20
Michelle Sadler, Mário Jds Santos, Dolores Ruiz-Berdún, Gonzalo Leiva Rojas, Elena Skoko, Patricia Gillen, Jette A Clausen
During recent decades, a growing and preoccupying excess of medical interventions during childbirth, even in physiological and uncomplicated births, together with a concerning spread of abusive and disrespectful practices towards women during childbirth across the world, have been reported. Despite research and policy-making to address these problems, changing childbirth practices has proved to be difficult. We argue that the excessive rates of medical interventions and disrespect towards women during childbirth should be analysed as a consequence of structural violence, and that the concept of obstetric violence, as it is being used in Latin American childbirth activism and legal documents, might prove to be a useful tool for addressing structural violence in maternity care such as high intervention rates, non-consented care, disrespect and other abusive practices...
May 2016: Reproductive Health Matters
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