Read by QxMD icon Read

Obstetric violence

Nicholas Rubashkin, Nicole Minckas
Argentina passed a law for humanized birth in 2004 and another law against obstetric violence in 2009, both of which stipulate the rights of women to achieve respectful maternity care. Clinicians and women might still be unaware of these laws, however. In this article, we discuss the case of a fourth-year medical student who, while visiting Argentina from the United States for his obstetric rotation, witnesses an act of obstetric violence. We show that the student's situation can be understood as one of moral distress and argue that, in this specific instance, it would be appropriate for the student to intervene by providing supportive care to the patient...
March 1, 2018: AMA Journal of Ethics
Beatriz Paulina Ayala Quintanilla, Wendy E Pollock, Susan J McDonald, Angela J Taft
INTRODUCTION: Preventing and reducing violence against women (VAW) and maternal mortality are Sustainable Development Goals. Worldwide, the maternal mortality ratio has fallen about 44% in the last 25 years, and for one maternal death there are many women affected by severe acute maternal morbidity (SAMM) requiring management in the intensive care unit (ICU). These women represent the most critically ill obstetric patients of the maternal morbidity spectrum and should be studied to complement the review of maternal mortality...
March 14, 2018: BMJ Open
Maria TR Borges
In the United States, women are routinely forced to undergo cesarean sections, episiotomies, and the use of forceps, despite their desire to attempt natural vaginal delivery. Yet, the current American legal system does little to provide redress for women coerced to undergo certain medical procedures during childbirth. Courts and physicians alike are prepared to override a woman's choice of childbirth procedure if they believe this choice poses risks to the fetus, and both give little value to the woman's right to bodily autonomy...
January 2018: Duke Law Journal
Tiara C Willie, Tamora A Callands, Trace S Kershaw
CONTEXT: The transition to parenthood is a stressful time for young couples and can put them at risk for acquiring STDs. Mechanisms underlying this risk-particularly, intimate partner violence (IPV) and sexual autonomy-have not been well studied. METHODS: Between 2007 and 2011, a prospective cohort study of the relationships and health of pregnant adolescents and their male partners recruited 296 couples at four hospital-based obstetrics and gynecology clinics in the U...
February 12, 2018: Perspectives on Sexual and Reproductive Health
Jannatul Ferdos, Md Mosfequr Rahman, Syeda S Jesmin, Md Aminur Rahman, Toshiyuki Sasagawa
Intimate partner violence (IPV), an actual or threatened physical, sexual, or psychological abuse by a current or former partner or spouse, is a common global public health issue. Understanding both the prevalence of IPV during pregnancy and its potential impact on the health of pregnant women is important for the development and implementation of interventions to prevent maternal morbidity and mortality. The purpose of this study was to explore the association between maternal experiences of IPV during pregnancy and pregnancy complications...
February 7, 2018: Aggressive Behavior
Goma Kumari Khatri, Thach Duc Tran, Sushil Baral, Jane Fisher
BACKGROUND: Antenatal mental health problems are of concern globally not only because of the burden and limits to participation experienced by women but also because of risks for foetal neurocognitive development and adverse birth outcomes. The aim was to describe the indicative prevalence of and risk and protective factors for clinically-significant symptoms of antenatal common mental disorders (CMDs) among women who experienced the 2015 Nepal earthquakes during pregnancy. METHODS: A population-based cross-sectional study in Bhaktapur, one of 14 districts highly affected by the 2015 Nepal earthquakes...
December 9, 2017: Journal of Affective Disorders
Petal Petersen-Williams, Catherine Mathews, Esmé Jordaan, Charles D H Parry
INTRODUCTION: Little is known about the nature and extent of substance use among pregnant women in Cape Town (South Africa) despite the very high levels of substance use and related consequences such as FASD in this part of the country. The aim of the study was to determine predictors of alcohol use among pregnant women. METHODS: A cross-sectional survey was conducted among pregnant women attending 11 Midwife Obstetric Units (MOUs) in greater Cape Town. A two-stage cluster survey design was used...
December 8, 2017: Substance Use & Misuse
Sreeparna Chattopadhyay, Arima Mishra, Suraj Jacob
The majority of maternal health interventions in India focus on increasing institutional deliveries to reduce maternal mortality, typically by incentivising village health workers to register births and making conditional cash transfers to mothers for hospital births. Based on over 15 months of ethnographically informed fieldwork conducted between 2015 and 2017 in rural Assam, the Indian state with the highest recorded rate of maternal deaths, we find that while there has been an expansion in institutional deliveries, the experience of childbirth in government facilities is characterised by obstetric violence...
November 3, 2017: Culture, Health & Sexuality
Virginia Savage, Arachu Castro
BACKGROUND: Although mistreatment of women during facility-based childbirth has received increasing recognition as a critical issue throughout the world, there remains a lack of consensus on operational definitions of mistreatment and best practices to assess the issue. Moreover, only minimal research has focused on mistreatment in Latin America and the Caribbean, a region notable for social inequalities and inequitable access to maternal health care. METHODS: In this article, we discuss the results of a literature review that sought to contribute to the determination of best practices in defining and measuring the mistreatment of women during childbirth, particularly within Latin America and the Caribbean...
October 26, 2017: Reproductive Health
Cristiane Magalhães de Melo, Talita Iasmim Soares Aquino, Marcela Quaresma Soares, Paula Dias Bevilacqua
The study aimed to evaluate the implementation of a regional death surveillance network, reflecting on challenges and potentialities of performance as observatory of violence against women. The research involved nine municipalities of a health region set at the Zona da Mata, Minas Gerais, Brazil. We followed the meetings of the regional death surveillance committee and conducted semi-structured interviews with professional members of the committee and municipal health managers. Furthermore, we analyzed information concerning investigations conducted and, in one municipality, we analyzed the notifications of deaths and cases of violence against women...
October 2017: Ciência & Saúde Coletiva
Chidi Ochu Uzoma Esike, Ukaegbe Ikechi Chukwuemeka, Okechukwu Bonaventure Anozie, Justus Ndulue Eze, Obioma Christian Aluka, Deirdre Eilleen Twomey
INTRODUCTION: Eclampsia is one of the most dreaded causes of adverse outcomes of pregnancy worldwide. It is one of the greatest causes of maternal and perinatal morbidity and mortality world over. We do not know the prevalence, management outcome, and the devastation caused by this dreaded disease in our center hence the need for this work. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This is a 7-year retrospective review of all cases of eclampsia managed in Mater Misericordiae Hospital Afikpo, a rural secondary cum referral Catholic Mission Hospital in Afikpo, Ebonyi State in Southeastern Nigeria...
October 2017: Annals of African Medicine
Anna Kurniati, Ching-Min Chen, Ferry Efendi, Sarni Maniar Berliana
Employing the 2012 Indonesia Demographic and Health Survey data, we aimed to examine factors influencing married women to use maternity services. Data of married women who had given birth in the last five years before the survey were included in the analysis (n = 14,672). Factors of education, employment, women's age at first marriage, age at first birth, spousal education difference, contraceptive use, place of residence, and woman's attitude toward wife beating were associated with the use of antenatal care, institutional delivery, and postnatal care services...
January 2018: Health Care for Women International
Emel Bahadir-Yilmaz, Fatma Öz
This study was conducted to assess the effectiveness of empowerment program on increasing self-esteem, learned resourcefulness, and coping ways in women exposed to domestic violence. This experimental study was conducted between October 2012 and June 2014 in the obstetrics and gynaecology departments of the Giresun Maternity Hospital, and at the Family Counseling Center (FCC) in Turkey. Sixty women who agreed to participate in the study were randomly assigned into two groups. Data were collected by the Coopersmith Self-Esteem Inventory (SEI), The Rosenbaum's Learned Resourcefulness Scale (RLRS), and the Ways of Coping Inventory (WCI)...
October 13, 2017: Issues in Mental Health Nursing
P Petrone, P Jiménez-Morillas, A Axelrad, C P Marini
INTRODUCTION: Trauma during pregnancy is the leading non-obstetrical cause of maternal death and a significant public health burden. This study reviews the most common causes of trauma during pregnancy, morbidity, and mortality, and the impact upon perinatal outcomes associated with trauma, providing a management approach to pregnant trauma patients. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A systematic review of the current literature from January 2006 to July 2016 was performed...
September 15, 2017: European Journal of Trauma and Emergency Surgery: Official Publication of the European Trauma Society
Neha A Deshpande, Lauren M Kucirka, Randi N Smith, Corrina M Oxford
BACKGROUND: Trauma is the leading nonobstetric cause of death in women of reproductive age, and pregnant women in particular may be at increased risk of violent trauma. Management of trauma in pregnancy is complicated by altered maternal physiology, provider expertise, potential disparate imaging, and distorted anatomy. Little is known about the impact of trauma on maternal mortality. OBJECTIVE: We sought to: (1) characterize nonviolent and violent trauma among pregnant women; (2) determine whether pregnancy is associated with increased mortality following traumatic injury; and (3) identify risk factors for trauma-related death in pregnant women...
November 2017: American Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology
Abigail R Koch, Stacie E Geller
Homicide, suicide, and substance abuse accounted for nearly one fourth of all pregnancy-associated deaths in Illinois from 2002 through 2013. Maternal mortality review in Illinois has been primarily focused on obstetric and medical causes and little is known about the circumstances surrounding deaths due to homicide, suicide, and substance abuse, if they are pregnancy related, and if the deaths are potentially preventable. To address this issue, we implemented a process to form a second statewide maternal mortality review committee for deaths due to violence in late 2014...
November 2017: American Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology
Nora K Moog, Sonja Entringer, Jerod M Rasmussen, Martin Styner, John H Gilmore, Norbert Kathmann, Christine M Heim, Pathik D Wadhwa, Claudia Buss
BACKGROUND: Childhood maltreatment (CM) confers deleterious long-term consequences, and growing evidence suggests some of these effects may be transmitted across generations. We examined the intergenerational effect of maternal CM exposure on child brain structure and also addressed the hypothesis that this effect may start during the child's intrauterine period of life. METHODS: A prospective longitudinal study was conducted in a clinical convenience sample of 80 mother-child dyads...
January 15, 2018: Biological Psychiatry
Jeanne L Alhusen, Ruth Geller, Jerry Jellig, Chakra Budhathoki, Michele Decker
BACKGROUND: Exposure to intimate partner violence (IPV) in the perinatal period is associated with obstetric complications, poor maternal mental health, neonatal complications, and increased risk of infant mortality and morbidity. Less is known about how IPV may influence small for gestational age (SGA) birth. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Data were obtained for 231,081 United States mothers who delivered neonates from 2004 to 2011 and completed the Pregnancy Risk Assessment Monitoring System survey 2-9 months after delivery...
August 25, 2017: Journal of Women's Health
Sofia Madeira, Vicky Pileggi, João Paulo Souza
BACKGROUND: Studies show that a large number of women around the world have experienced situations of abuse, disrespect, abuse, and neglect during childbirth and/or abortion. This violence is a serious violation of the rights of women, especially because it is a period in which the woman is more physiologically, socially, and psychologically vulnerable. Although this type of violence is known, there is still no international consensus on the definition of such violence and its prevalence is not known...
August 3, 2017: Systematic Reviews
Karina Junqueira de Souza, Daphne Rattner, Muriel Bauermann Gubert
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the association between institutional violence in obstetrics and postpartum depression (PP depression) and the potential effect of race, age, and educational level in this outcome. METHODS: This is a cross-sectional study about the health care conditions for the maternal and child population of the Federal District, Brazil, carried out in 2011. The study has used a probabilistic sample of 432 women, whose children were aged up to three months, stratified by clusters...
July 20, 2017: Revista de Saúde Pública
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"