keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Episiotomy

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29452943/effect-of-episiotomy-training-with-beef-tongue-and-sponge-simulators-on-the-self-confidence-building-of-midwifery-students
#1
Handan Guler, Perihan Cetin, Zeliha Burcu Yurtsal, Busra Cesur, Mine Bekar, Tuba Uçar, Funda Evcili, Ali Cetin
This study assesses the efficacy of simulation-based episiotomy training (SBET) with beef tongue and sponge models in terms of the self confidence of midwifery students while performing episiotomy. Third-year midwifery students from Cumhuriyet University in the fall semesters of 2011 and 2012 were enrolled in the sponge and beef tongue model groups (n = 36 and n = 37, respectively). A checklist was prepared on the required skills for performing episiotomy which can be broken into three main parts, namely preparation, cutting and repairing and completion...
February 9, 2018: Nurse Education in Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29447728/no-148-guidelines-for-operative-vaginal-birth
#2
Yvonne M Cargill, Catherine Jane MacKinnon
OBJECTIVE: To provide guidelines for operative vaginal birth in the management of the second stage of labour. OPTIONS: Non-operative techniques, episiotomy, and Caesarean section are compared to operative vaginal birth. OUTCOME: Reduced fetal and maternal morbidity and mortality. EVIDENCE: MEDLINE and Cochrane databases were searched using the key words ''vacuum" and "birth" as well as "forceps" and "birth" for literature published in English from january 1970 to June 2004...
February 2018: Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology Canada: JOGC, Journal D'obstétrique et Gynécologie du Canada: JOGC
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29430972/the-behaviour-of-pelvic-floor-muscles-during-uterine-contractions-in-spontaneous-and-oxytocin-induced-labour
#3
Nazan Karahan, Hediye Arslan, Çetin Çam
Term pregnant women were divided into oxytocin infusion and control groups. The electrical activities of pelvic floor muscles (PFM) were recorded at rest and during contractions electromyographically. The beginning and the end of each contraction were marked on the recorded electromyographic trace. A trace was regarded as 'negative' if no increase in electrical activity was observed and 'positive' if increased electrical activity was observed during the contractions. To evaluate the relative frequency of the areas of electrical activity during uterine contractions (UC) a 'positive electrical activity percentage' was used and calculated as: (total count of positive electrical activity areas)/(total count of UC) × 100...
February 12, 2018: Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology: the Journal of the Institute of Obstetrics and Gynaecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29429318/perineal-tears-a-review
#4
Ryan Goh, Daryl Goh, Hasthika Ellepola
BACKGROUND: The female perineum is the diamond-shaped inferior outlet of the pelvis. This structure is at risk of trauma during labour because of spontaneous perineal tears of varying degrees or iatrogenic episiotomies. These injuries can result in disabling immediate and long-term complications in the woman. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this article is to provide general practitioners (GPs) with a good understanding of perineal tears by discussing the different classifications, immediate and long-term management, and recommendations for future deliveries...
January 2018: Aust J Gen Pract
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29409519/effectiveness-of-respectful-care-policies-for-women-using-routine-intrapartum-services-a-systematic-review
#5
REVIEW
Soo Downe, Theresa A Lawrie, Kenny Finlayson, Olufemi T Oladapo
BACKGROUND: Several studies have identified how mistreatment during labour and childbirth can act as a barrier to the use of health facilities. Despite general agreement that respectful maternity care (RMC) is a fundamental human right, and an important component of quality intrapartum care that every pregnant woman should receive, the effectiveness of proposed policies remains uncertain. We performed a systematic review to assess the effectiveness of introducing RMC policies into health facilities providing intrapartum services...
February 6, 2018: Reproductive Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29368789/techniques-for-repair-of-obstetric-anal-sphincter-injuries
#6
Melanie R Meister, Joshua I Rosenbloom, Jerry L Lowder, Alison G Cahill
Importance: Obstetric anal sphincter injuries (OASISs) complicate up to 11% of vaginal deliveries; obstetricians must be able to recognize and manage these technically challenging injuries. Objective: The aim of this study was to share our approach for management of these challenging complications of childbirth based on a multidisciplinary collaboration between general obstetrician-gynecologists, maternal fetal medicine specialists, and female pelvic medicine and reconstructive surgeons established at our institution...
January 2018: Obstetrical & Gynecological Survey
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29331775/experience-of-lecturers-with-simulation-training-in-midwifery-education-in-slovakia
#7
Erika Maskálová, Eva Urbanová, Martina Bašková, Eva Kvaltínyová
The simulation training in midwifery has a long tradition. It is aimed at acquiring basic and advanced practical skills such as performing a certain number of births, episiotomy and subsequent suture, assisting during breech birth etc. Midwifery education is currently based on the requirements of the Directives of the European Union exactly specifying number of performed practical procedures and approaches (World Health Organisation (WHO) Europe, 2009). The aim of this paper is to draw attention to the experience with the simulation training from the teacher's point of view in the study program Midwifery in Slovakia...
January 5, 2018: Midwifery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29326182/variations-in-childbirth-interventions-in-high-income-countries-protocol-for-a-multinational-cross-sectional-study
#8
Anna Seijmonsbergen-Schermers, Ank de Jonge, Thomas van den Akker, Katrien Beeckman, Annick Bogaerts, Monalisa Barros, Patricia Janssen, Lorena Binfa, Eva Rydahl, Lucy Frith, Mechthild Gross, Berglind Hálfdánsdóttir, Deirdre Daly, Jean Calleja-Agius, Patricia Gillen, Anne Britt Vika Nilsen, Eugene Declercq
INTRODUCTION: There are growing concerns about the increase in rates of commonly used childbirth interventions. When indicated, childbirth interventions are crucial for preventing maternal and perinatal morbidity and mortality, but their routine use in healthy women and children leads to avoidable maternal and neonatal harm. Establishing ideal rates of interventions can be challenging. This study aims to describe the range of variations in the use of commonly used childbirth interventions in high-income countries around the world, and in outcomes in nulliparous and multiparous women...
January 10, 2018: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29324610/risk-factors-for-the-development-of-obstetric-anal-sphincter-injuries-in-modern-obstetric-practice
#9
Olga Ramm, Victoria G Woo, Yun-Yi Hung, Hsuan-Chih Chen, Miranda L Ritterman Weintraub
OBJECTIVE: To characterize the rate of obstetric anal sphincter injuries and identify key risk factors of obstetric anal sphincter injuries, including duration of the second stage of labor. METHODS: This retrospective cohort study included all singleton, term, cephalic vaginal deliveries within Kaiser Permanente Northern California between January 2013 and December 2014 (N=22,741). Incidence of obstetric anal sphincter injuries, defined as third- or fourth-degree perineal lacerations, was the primary outcome...
February 2018: Obstetrics and Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29320553/undiagnosed-abnormal-postpartum-blood-loss-incidence-and-risk-factors
#10
Aude Girault, Catherine Deneux-Tharaux, Loic Sentilhes, Françoise Maillard, François Goffinet
BACKGROUND: We aimed to evaluate the incidence of undiagnosed abnormal postpartum blood loss (UPPBL) after vaginal delivery, identify the risk factors and compare them to those of postpartum haemorrhage (PPH). METHOD: The study population included women who participated in a randomized controlled trial of women with singleton low-risk pregnancy who delivered vaginally after 35 weeks' gestation (n = 3917). Clinical PPH was defined as postpartum blood loss ≥ 500 mL measured by using a collector bag and UPPBL was defined by a peripartum change in haemoglobin ≥ 2 g/dL in the absence of clinical PPH...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29278232/retrospective-analysis-of-episiotomy-prevalence
#11
Bahtışen Kartal, Aynur Kızılırmak, Pelin Calpbinici, Gökçe Demir
OBJECTIVE: This study was performed to determine the rate of episiotomy. MATERIAL AND METHODS: This retrospective was conducted in 3 state hospitals located in 3 cities in the Central Anatolia region of Turkey. Ethics committee approval was received for this study. Also, institutional permissions from the institutions where the study was conducted were obtained before the study. The sample of the study consisted of 8587 women. The data of the study were collected by analyzing birth records in archive records...
December 15, 2017: Journal of the Turkish German Gynecological Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29277607/effects-of-mastic-oleoresin-on-wound-healing-and-episiotomy-pain-a-mixed-methods-study
#12
Zahra Moudi, Mojgan Edozahi, Seyyed Ahmad Emami, Javad Asili, Mahnaz Shahraki Pour
INTRODUCTION: Mastic (Pistacia lentiscus) oleoresin (MO is used by traditional Baluch healers to precipitate wound healing and relieve episiotomy pain. OBJECTIVE(S): To investigate the effects of MO on wound healing and episiotomy pain intensity in nulliparous Baluch women. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This study had a mixed methods design. In the qualitative phase, we interviewed 9 traditional healers and 13 women to understand how the indigenous people use MO for wound healing...
December 22, 2017: Journal of Ethnopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29238501/the-effect-of-perineal-massage-during-the-second-stage-of-birth-on-nulliparous-women-perineal-a-randomization-clinical-trial
#13
Roonak Shahoei, Farzaneh Zaheri, Lila Hashemi Nasab, Fariba Ranaei
Background: Childbirth and puerperium are of the most important periods in women's lives and can affect different aspects of their lives. Objective: To determine the effect of perineal massage in the second stage of labor on perineal lacerations, episiotomy, and perineal pain in nulliparous women. Methods: This randomization clinical trial was conducted at Be'sat Hospital in Sanandaj, Iran, from 2013 to 2014. A total of 195 nulliparous women were included in the study...
October 2017: Electronic Physician
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29235159/the-effect-of-green-tea-ointment-on-episiotomy-pain-and-wound-healing-in-primiparous-women-a-randomized-double-blind-placebo-controlled-clinical-trial
#14
Hadis Shahrahmani, Nourossadat Kariman, Sharareh Jannesari, Mahmoud Rafieian-Kopaei, Moghadameh Mirzaei, Sahar Ghalandari, Nasim Shahrahmani, Gashtasb Mardani
The delayed healing of episiotomy wound and its associated pain is a major problem in obstetrics. Because green tea has analgesic and wound-healing properties, the present study was conducted to determine the effect of green tea ointment on episiotomy pain and wound-healing. The green tea extract was also standardized by measuring its Phenolic and flavonoid compounds, antioxidant activity, and one of its active components, that is, Epigallocatechin gallate. The present clinical trial was conducted on 99 primiparous women visiting Afzalipour Hospital in Kerman in 2015...
December 13, 2017: Phytotherapy Research: PTR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29218698/risk-factors-of-overactive-bladder-syndrome-and-its-relation-to-sexual-function-in-menopausal-women
#15
Sevil Hakimi, Elham Aminian, Sakineh Mohammad- Alizadeh Charandabi, Parvin Bastani, Marzieh Mohammadi
BACKGROUND: Overactive bladder syndrome is a common and annoying complication worldwide that could negatively affect the quality of life of afflicted individuals. We aimed to determine the prevalence and risk factors of overactive bladder syndrome and its relation to sexual function in healthy menopausal women. METHODS: This cross-sectional study was done on 340 women aged 45-60 years in Tabriz, northwest Iran, during 2015-2016. Data were collected using a demographic data questionnaire, the Overactive Bladder Syndrome Score, and the McCoy Female Sexuality Questionnaire...
December 4, 2017: Urologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29205275/antenatal-maternal-education-for-improving-postnatal-perineal-healing-for-women-who-have-birthed-in-a-hospital-setting
#16
REVIEW
Sonia M O'Kelly, Zena Eh Moore
BACKGROUND: The female perineum becomes suffused and stretched during pregnancy, and further strain during vaginal childbirth contributes to approximately 85% of women experiencing some degree of trauma to the perineal region. Multiple factors play a role in the type and severity of trauma experienced, including parity, delivery method, and local practices. There is ongoing debate about best midwifery practice to reduce perineal trauma. Once perineal trauma has occurred, treatment also varies greatly, depending on its degree and severity, local practice and customs, and personal preference...
December 4, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29190037/routine-antibiotic-prophylaxis-after-normal-vaginal-birth-for-reducing-maternal-infectious-morbidity
#17
REVIEW
Mercedes Bonet, Erika Ota, Chioma E Chibueze, Olufemi T Oladapo
BACKGROUND: Infectious morbidities contribute to considerable maternal and perinatal morbidity and mortality, including women at no apparent increased risk of infection. To reduce the incidence of infections, antibiotics are often administered to women after uncomplicated childbirth, particularly in settings where women are at higher risk of puerperal infectious morbidities. OBJECTIVES: To assess whether routine administration of prophylactic antibiotics to women after normal (uncomplicated) vaginal birth, compared with placebo or no antibiotic prophylaxis, reduces postpartum maternal infectious morbidities and improves outcomes...
November 13, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29178349/effect-of-body-mass-index-on-the-incidence-of-perineal-trauma
#18
Constantin M Durnea, Ali E Jaffery, Nivedita Gauthaman, Stergios K Doumouchtsis
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the association between perineal trauma at childbirth and maternal body mass index (BMI), and estimate the risk of perineal trauma among different BMI groups. METHODS: Data were retrospectively assessed from all vaginal deliveries in a UK tertiary maternity unit between 1999 and 2014. Associations between BMI at booking and first- and second-degree tears (minor perineal trauma), third- and fourth-degree tears (obstetric anal sphincter injuries [OASIS]), and frequency of instrumental deliveries were assessed...
November 27, 2017: International Journal of Gynaecology and Obstetrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29148634/labor-delivery-and-postpartum-complications-in-nulliparous-women-with-female-genital-mutilation-admitted-to-karamara-hospital
#19
Wondimu Gudu, Mutasim Abdulahi
Objectives: To assess labor, delivery and postpartum complications in nulliparous women with FGM/C and evaluate the attitude of mothers towards elimination of FGM. Methods: A prospective hospital based study using structured questionnaire was conducted between January to March 2015 at Karamara hospital, Jijiga, Ethiopia. All nulliparous women admitted for labor and delivery were included. Data were collected regarding circumcision status, events of labor, delivery; postpartum and neonatal outcomes as well as attitude of mothers towards elimination of FGM/C...
January 2017: Ethiopian Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29144586/relationship-between-hospital-level-percentage-of-midwife-attended-births-and-obstetric-procedure-utilization
#20
Laura Attanasio, Katy B Kozhimannil
INTRODUCTION: Research has shown good outcomes among individual low-risk women who receive perinatal care from midwives, yet little is known about how hospital-level variation in midwifery care relates to procedure use and maternal health. This study aimed to document the association between the hospital-level proportion of midwife-attended births and obstetric procedure utilization. METHODS: This analysis used 2 data sources: Healthcare Cost and Utilization Project State Inpatient Database data for New York in 2014, and New York State Department of Health data on the percentage of midwife-attended births at hospitals in the state in 2014...
November 16, 2017: Journal of Midwifery & Women's Health
keyword
keyword
33472
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"