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Episiotomy

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29914395/factors-promoting-or-inhibiting-normal-birth
#1
Samantha J Prosser, Adrian G Barnett, Yvette D Miller
BACKGROUND: In response to rising rates of medical intervention in birth, there has been increased international interest in promoting normal birth (without induction of labour, epidural/spinal/general anaesthesia, episiotomy, forceps/vacuum, or caesarean section). However, there is limited evidence for how best to achieve increased rates of normal birth. In this study we examined the role of modifiable and non-modifiable factors in experiencing a normal birth using retrospective, self-reported data...
June 18, 2018: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29907972/resumption-of-sex-after-a-second-birth-an-australian-prospective-cohort
#2
Ellie A McDonald, Deirdre Gartland, Hannah Woolhouse, Stephanie J Brown
BACKGROUND: Few longitudinal studies have examined women's experiences of sex after childbirth. Much of the advice given to couples about what to expect in relation to sex after childbirth is based on cross-sectional studies. OBJECTIVE: To investigate timing of resumption of sex after a second birth and assess associations with obstetric factors (method of birth and perineal trauma) and time interval between first and second births. METHOD: Prospective cohort of 1507 nulliparous women recruited before 25 weeks' gestation in Melbourne, Australia followed up at 3, 6, 9, and 12 months after first births, and 6 and 12 months after second births...
June 15, 2018: Birth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29889761/association-of-obstetrician-gender-with-obstetric-interventions-and-outcomes
#3
Lynn M Yee, Emily S Miller
OBJECTIVE: To estimate whether there are differences in obstetric interventions or outcomes by the gender of the delivering physician. METHODS: We conducted a retrospective cohort study of all nulliparous women delivering singleton, vertex, live births at 37 weeks of gestation or greater at a tertiary care institution (2014-2015). Patient clinical characteristics were analyzed by delivering physician gender. The primary outcomes were delivery mode and episiotomy...
June 6, 2018: Obstetrics and Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29886318/prevention-of-shoulder-dystocia-a-randomized-controlled-trial-to-evaluate-an-obstetric-maneuver
#4
Olivier Poujade, Elie Azria, Pierre-François Ceccaldi, Carine Davitian, Carine Khater, Paul Chatel, Emilie Pernin, Nizar Aflak, Martin Koskas, Agnès Bourgeois-Moine, Laurence Hamou-Plotkine, Morgane Valentin, Jean-Paul Renner, Carine Roy, Candice Estellat, Dominique Luton
OBJECTIVE: Shoulder dystocia is a major obstetric emergency defined as a failure of delivery of the fetal shoulder(s). This study evaluated whether an obstetric maneuver, the push back maneuver performed gently on the fetal head during delivery, could reduce the risk of shoulder dystocia. STUDY DESIGN: We performed a multicenter, randomized, single-blind trial to compare the push back maneuver with usual care in parturient women at term. The primary outcome, shoulder dystocia, was considered to have occurred if, after delivery of the fetal head, any additional obstetric maneuver, beginning with the McRoberts maneuver, other than gentle downward traction and episiotomy was required...
June 4, 2018: European Journal of Obstetrics, Gynecology, and Reproductive Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29885253/long-term-outcomes-of-the-stop-traumatic-oasi-morbidity-project-stomp
#5
Maya Basu, Dot Smith
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate long-term sustainability of the Stop Traumatic OASI Morbidity Project (STOMP) in reducing the incidence of obstetric anal sphincter injury (OASI). METHODS: A prospective observational study of women undergoing vaginal delivery at a UK district general hospital between September 1, 2014, and February 28, 2017. The principles of STOMP involve encouraging upright positioning, verbal coaching to avoid expulsive pushing and to slow down delivery, and tactile support to the vertex to judge speed and slow down delivery...
June 9, 2018: International Journal of Gynaecology and Obstetrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29875914/-factors-associated-with-first-pregnancy-in-women-who-gave-birth-in-a-maternity-hospital-in-antananarivo-a-retrospective-cohort-study
#6
Eddie Rekoronirina, Justin Rahariniaina, Fanjandrainy Rasoaherinomenjanahary
Introduction: There are very few African and Malagasy literatures on general risk factors among primigravidae. This study aimed to determine the potential risk factors associated with a first pregnancy. Methods: We conducted a retrospective cohort study among primigravidae and multigravidae women at the Hospital Sainte Fleur Pavilion between October 2014 and December 2016. The relative risks were adjusted after examinations according to sociodemographic features...
2018: Pan African Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29866372/-the-extent-of-the-implementation-of-reproductive-health-strategies-in-catalonia-spain-2008-2017
#7
Marta Benet, Ramon Escuriet, Manuela Alcaraz-Quevedo, Sandra Ezquerra, Margarida Pla
OBJECTIVE: We analyse how reproductive health strategies have been incorporated into the everyday activities of the services and the resulting transformation of professional and user practices. METHOD: Cartographic research taking a multi-sited ethnographic approach that seeks to reveal the processes of transformation. Data generation techniques featuring participant observation and situated interviews. Discourse analysis of the text corpus using three analytical axes based on three main lines of action promoted by the strategies...
June 2, 2018: Gaceta Sanitaria
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29866103/how-did-episiotomy-rates-change-from-2007-to-2014-population-based-study-in-france
#8
Karine Goueslard, Jonathan Cottenet, Adrien Roussot, Christophe Clesse, Paul Sagot, Catherine Quantin
BACKGROUND: Since the 2000s, selective episiotomy has been systematically recommended worldwide. In France, the recommended episiotomy rate in vaginal deliveries is less than 30%. The aims of this study were to describe the evolution of episiotomy rates between 2007 and 2014, especially for vaginal deliveries without instrumental assistance and to assess individual characteristics and birth environment factors associated with episiotomy. METHODS: This population-based study included all hospital discharge abstracts for all deliveries in France from 2007 to 2014...
June 4, 2018: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29860263/concerning-the-article-by-bodner-adler-et-al-management-of-the-perineum-during-delivery-with-the-kiwi-omnicup-effects-of-mediolateral-episiotomy-on-anal-sphincter-tears-in-nulliparous-women
#9
Roxana Knobel, Maíra L S Takemoto, Mariane O Menezes, Claudia G Magalhães, Carla B Andreucci, Leila Katz, Melania M R Amorim
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 1, 2018: Gynecologic and Obstetric Investigation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29785716/randomised-italian-sonography-for-occiput-position-trial-ante-vacuum-r-i-s-pos-t-a
#10
Tullio Ghi, Andrea Dall'Asta, Bianca Masturzo, Beatrice Tassis, Monica Martinelli, Nicola Volpe, Federico Prefumo, Giuseppe Rizzo, Gianluigi Pilu, Luisa Cariello, Lorenzo Sabbioni, Antonio Morselli-Labate, Tullia Todros, Tiziana Frusca
OBJECTIVE: To assess whether the ultrasound diagnosis of fetal head position reduces the risk of failed vacuum delivery and improves labor outcomes. METHODS: R.I.S.POS.T.A. (Randomised Italian Sonography for Occiput POSition Trial Ante Vacuum) was a randomised controlled trial conducted from April 2014 to June 2017 and involving thirteen Italian maternity hospitals. Singleton term pregnancies with cephalic presentation where a decision for instrumental delivery by vacuum extractor was made were included...
May 21, 2018: Ultrasound in Obstetrics & Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29785549/once-episiotomy-always-episiotomy
#11
Ayala Zilberman, Eyal Sheiner, Orit Barrett, Batel Hamou, Tali Silberstein
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the association between episiotomy and perineal damage in the subsequent delivery. STUDY DESIGN: A retrospective cohort study was conducted, comparing outcome of subsequent singleton deliveries of women with and without episiotomy in their first (index) delivery. Deliveries occurred between the years 1991-2015 in a tertiary medical center. Traumatic vaginal tears, multiple pregnancies, and cesarean deliveries (CD) in the index pregnancy were excluded from the analysis...
May 21, 2018: Archives of Gynecology and Obstetrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29777348/the-effect-of-labor-epidural-analgesia-on-maternal-fetal-outcomes-a-retrospective-cohort-study
#12
Qian Wang, Sheng-Xing Zheng, Yu-Fei Ni, Yuan-Yuan Lu, Bing Zhang, Qing-Quan Lian, Ming-Pin Hu
PURPOSE: To evaluate the impact of labor epidural analgesia on maternal-fetal safety outcomes in a signal Chinese academic medical center. METHODS: A single-intervention impact study was conducted at The Second Affiliated Hospital, Wenzhou Medical University. The study period was divided into three phases: (1) baseline phase: from January 1 and June 30, 2009 when no analgesic method was routinely employed during labor; (2) phase-in period: the epidural analgesia was implemented 8 a...
May 18, 2018: Archives of Gynecology and Obstetrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29730096/a-qualitative-exploration-of-techniques-used-by-expert-midwives-to-preserve-the-perineum-intact
#13
C Begley, K Guilliland, L Dixon, M Reilly, C Keegan, C McCann, V Smith
BACKGROUND: The perineum stretches during birth to allow passage of the baby, but 85% of women sustain some degree of perineal trauma during childbirth, which is painful post-partum. Episiotomy rates vary significantly, with some countries having rates of >60%. Recent Irish and New Zealand studies showed lower severe perineal trauma and episiotomy rates than other countries. AIM: To explore expert Irish and New Zealand midwives' views of the skills that they employ in preserving the perineum intact during spontaneous vaginal birth...
May 2, 2018: Women and Birth: Journal of the Australian College of Midwives
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29681942/bacterial-profile-antibacterial-resistance-pattern-and-associated-factors-from-women-attending-postnatal-health-service-at-university-of-gondar-teaching-hospital-northwest-ethiopia
#14
Abebaw Bitew Kifilie, Mulat Dagnew, Birhanemeskel Tegenie, Biruk Yeshitela, Rawleigh Howe, Ebba Abate
Introduction: Surgical site infection is a vital cause of maternal mortality and morbidity, especially in resource-limited countries. The rise of antibiotic resistance bacterial infection poses a big threat to this vulnerable population. However, there is lack of studies around the study area. Objective: The purpose of this study was to identify bacterial profile, antibacterial resistance pattern, and associated factors among mothers attending postnatal care health service...
2018: International Journal of Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29680718/are-we-performing-episiotomies-correctly-a-study-to-evaluate-french-technique-in-a-high-risk-maternity-unit
#15
Fanny Béchard, Julia Geronimi, Pierre Vieille, Vincent Letouzey, Renaud de Tayrac
INTRODUCTION: The aim of this study was to evaluate episiotomy technique, in particular suture angles, and any correlation between suture angle and severe perineal tears. MATERIAL AND METHODS: An observational questionnaire-based study was conducted between 01 August 2015 and 30 April 2016 among accoucheurs performing episiotomies in a French maternity unit with facilities for high-risk pregnancies. For each patient included, accoucheurs were asked to measure the episiotomy suture angle, and to record the angle at which they thought they had cut, the length of the episiotomy, its distance from the anus, and whether the woman sustained a sphincter injury...
April 20, 2018: Journal of Gynecology Obstetrics and Human Reproduction
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29668651/examining-trends-in-obstetric-quality-measures-for-monitoring-health-care-disparities
#16
Teresa Janevic, Natalia N Egorova, Jennifer Zeitlin, Amy Balbierz, Paul L Hebert, Elizabeth A Howell
BACKGROUND: Elective delivery (ED) before 39 weeks, low-risk cesarean delivery, and episiotomy are routinely reported obstetric quality measures and have been the focus of quality improvement initiatives over the past decade. OBJECTIVE: To estimate trends and differences in obstetric quality measures by race/ethnicity. RESEARCH DESIGN: We used 2008-2014 linked birth certificate-hospital discharge data from New York City to measure ED before 39 gestational weeks (ED <39), low-risk cesarean, and episiotomy by race/ethnicity...
June 2018: Medical Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29664554/extensive-postpartum-urinary-retention-successfully-treated-with-clean-intermittent-catheterization
#17
Paweł Milart, Ewa Beata Wozniakowska, Piotr Czuczwar, Wojciech Wrona, Tomasz Paszkowski
We present a case of extensive urine retention after vaginal delivery. Postpartum urinary retention occurs in 0.7 to 0.9% of vaginal deliveries. In the literature, mediolateral episiotomy, epidural analgesia, perineal lacerations, macrosomic birth and prolonged 2nd stage of labor are suggested as risk factors for postpartum urine retention.
2018: Ginekologia Polska
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29656689/risk-factors-for-postpartum-urinary-retention-after-vaginal-delivery-at-term-without-epidural-anesthesia
#18
Shunji Suzuki, Erina Kakizaki, Risa Kobayashi, Satomi Teshima
OBJECTIVE: We performed a retrospective case-control study of vaginal delivery at term without epidural anesthesia to identify clinical predictions of postpartum urinary retention (PUR). METHODS: We reviewed the obstetric records of all singleton vaginal deliveries at Japanese Red Cross, Katsushika Maternity Hospital form January 2016 through December 2017. RESULTS: There were 58 women (2.4%) complicated by PUR and 2391 women without PUR. A multivariate analysis revealed nulliparity, instrumental delivery, and episiotomy as independent risk factors for PUR (nulliparity: adjusted OR 2...
May 2, 2018: Journal of Maternal-fetal & Neonatal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29648935/episiotomy-and-perineal-tear-risk-factors-in-a-group-of-4493-women
#19
Grażyna Gebuza, Marzena Kaźmierczak, Alicja Gdaniec, Estera Mieczkowska, Małgorzata Gierszewska, Agnieszka Dombrowska-Pali, Mariola Banaszkiewicz, Marek Maleńczyk
Episiotomy belongs to the most frequent procedures carried out during delivery. Performing episiotomy should be reduced as there is scientific evidence indicating that it can cause pain, sexual problems, and serious, long-term health consequences. The aim of the researchers is to identify factors associated with episiotomy and the perineal tear. Analyses were performed using a model of a logistic regression. The study involved 4493 women. The episiotomy risk was related to: a birth weight exceeding 3500 grams, an instrumental delivery by means of forceps or vacuum extraction...
June 2018: Health Care for Women International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29624952/an-audit-of-perineal-trauma-and-vertical-transmisson-of-hiv
#20
Amaka N Ocheke, Ephraim Samuels, Isaac E Ocheke, Patricia A Agaba, Clement Ekere, James Bitrus, Emmanuel I Agaba, Atiene S Sagay
Restrictive episiotomy is recommended for the prevention of vertical transmission of HIV. The study compared the frequency of episiotomy use and the occurrence of perineal tears; and related factors in HIV positive and HIV negative women and to assess their effect on Mother-to-child transmission (MTCT) of HIV. A total of 110 HIV positive and 134 HIV negative parturients were enrolled in the study. The incidence of episiotomy was more in the HIV negative group (p=0.0000) while that of perineal tear was not affected by HIV status (p=0...
December 2017: African Journal of Reproductive Health
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