keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Episiotomy

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28813712/management-of-the-perineum-during-delivery-with-the-kiwi-omnicup-effects-of-mediolateral-episiotomy-on-anal-sphincter-tears-in-nulliparous-women
#1
Barbara Bodner-Adler, Oliver Kimberger, Andreas Käfer, Peter Husslein, Klaus Bodner
AIM: The main objective of this study was to evaluate the association of mediolateral episiotomy with severe perineal trauma during Kiwi omnicup vacuum delivery. METHODS: This retrospective study analyzed all Kiwi omnicup vacuum deliveries between 2010 and 2015 in nulliparous women. Secondary outcomes of interest included frequency of genital tract trauma, outcome of Kiwi extraction and influence on neonatal parameters. RESULTS: A total of 572 nulliparous women who were delivered with the aid of vacuum were analyzed...
August 17, 2017: Gynecologic and Obstetric Investigation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28782502/society-for-maternal-fetal-medicine-smfm-consult-series-43-hepatitis-c-in-pregnancy-screening-treatment-and-management
#2
Brenna L Hughes, Charlotte M Page, Jeffrey A Kuller
In the United States, 1-2.5% of pregnant women are infected with hepatitis C virus (HCV), which carries an approximately 5% risk of transmission from mother to infant. HCV can be transmitted to the infant in utero or during the peripartum period, and infection during pregnancy is associated with increased risk of adverse fetal outcomes, including fetal growth restriction and low birth weight. The purpose of this document is to discuss the current evidence regarding HCV in pregnancy and to provide recommendations on screening, treatment, and management of this disease during pregnancy...
August 3, 2017: American Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28782423/maternal-anaemia-after-delivery-prevalence-and-risk-factors
#3
Carola Medina Garrido, Jaime León, Adriana Romaní Vidal
The purpose of this study was to assess the prevalence of postpartum anaemia and determine the clinical risk factors for this condition to provide a viable alternative to postpartum haemoglobin measurement. In total, 1415 patients at Hospital Universitario del Tajo, Madrid, who underwent postpartum haemoglobin testing were included, and risk factors for having an Hb level <10 g/dl were determined. We found that 29% of the mothers were anaemic, and birth canal lacerations, caesarean delivery, episiotomy and South American origin were identified as the main risk factors for this condition...
August 6, 2017: Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology: the Journal of the Institute of Obstetrics and Gynaecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28778037/comparison-of-midwife-led-care-and-obstetrician-led-care-on-maternal-and-neonatal-outcomes-in-singapore-a-retrospective-cohort-study
#4
Shi Tian Voon, Julie Tay Suan Lay, Wilson Tam Wai San, Shefaly Shorey, Serena Koh Siew Lin
OBJECTIVES: to examine the maternal and neonatal outcomes of low-risk women receiving midwife-led care and obstetrician-led care. DESIGN, SETTING,&PARTICIPANTS: a retrospective cohort study design was used. Data were collected from a large tertiary maternity hospital in Singapore. This involved a medical record review of 368 women who had singleton, normal to low-risk, term pregnancy, and received midwife-led care and obstetrician-led care between 2013 to 2014. MEASUREMENTS: a data extraction tool was used to solicit information on the outcome measures, including duration of labour, mode of delivery, episiotomy, and 5-minutes Apgar score (<7)...
July 18, 2017: Midwifery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28765661/-factors-associated-with-blood-loss-during-precipitate-labor
#5
A Rubio Álvarez, A Hernández Martínez, M Molina Alarcón
BACKGROUND: Precipitate labour is related to the appearance of postpartum haemorrhage due to posterior uterine atony. However, preventive measures that may be effective in reducing blood loss in this type of delivery are still unknown. Therefore, the objective of this study was to determine the risk factors associated with blood loss produced in precipitate labour. METHODS: This was an observational, analytical retrospective cohort study based on a total sample of 742 women with vaginal delivery whose duration was less than 180 minutes, during the period 2010-2014...
July 28, 2017: Anales del Sistema Sanitario de Navarra
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28761208/sudden-bilateral-sensorineural-hearing-loss-following-postpartum-hemorrhage-a-case-report
#6
Sara Mirzaeian, Sedigheh Ayati, Asieh Maleki
The prevalence of bilateral sudden sensorineural hearing loss (SSNHL) is less than 5% and the etiology of most cases is unknown. Due to many structural and functional similarities between the kidney and inner ear, many conditions, diseases, and drugs have both renal and cochlear effects and toxicities. There are several reports of SSNHL in patients with CRF, uraemic patient, hemodialysis treatment, and ARF. Here, we report a rare manifestation of SSNHL following severe postpartum hemorrhage that has simultaneous renal failure and cochlear impairment...
July 2017: Iranian Journal of Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28754057/risk-assessments-of-epidural-analgesia-during-labor-and-delivery
#7
Antonio Herrera-Gómez, Elvira De Luna-Bertos, Javier Ramos-Torrecillas, Francisco M Ocaña-Peinado, Concepción Ruiz, Olga García-Martínez
Epidural analgesia (EA) is one of the methods of choice for labor pain relief, but its adverse effects on the mother and child remain controversial. The objective of this study was to determine whether there is an association between the use of EA and different aspects of labor. The author(s) analyzed the effect of EA on different aspects of labor in a retrospective cohort observational study of deliveries in a public Spanish hospital during a 3-year period. Women with EA administration were found to increase the risk of stimulated labor, reduce the percentage of spontaneous deliveries, increase the risk of instrumental labor due to stalled labor or loss of fetal well-being, and increase the percentage of episiotomies...
July 1, 2017: Clinical Nursing Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28753544/effect-of-female-genital-cutting-performed-by-health-care-professionals-on-labor-complications-in-egyptian-women-a-prospective-cohort-study
#8
Wael F Saleh, Haitham A Torky, Mohamed A Youssef, Wael S Ragab, Mohamed A Sayed Ahmed, Ashraf Eldaly
AIM: To examine the effect of the degree of female genital cutting (FGC) performed by health-care professionals on perineal scarring; delivery mode; duration of second stage of labor; incidence of perineal tears and episiotomy in a cohort of uncircumcised versus circumcised (types I and II) women. METHODS: A prospective cohort study included 450 primigravida women in active labor attending the Faculty of Medicine Cairo University Hospital between January 2013 and August 2014...
July 28, 2017: Journal of Perinatal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28750275/special-attention-to-women-experiencing-high-risk-pregnancy-delivery-care-assistance-and-neonatal-outcomes-in-two-brazilian-maternity-wards
#9
Juliana Vieira Nazareth, Kleyde Ventura de Souza, Mark Anthony Beinner, Juliana Silva Barra, Odaléa Maria Brüggemann, Adriano Marçal Pimenta
BACKGROUND: To compare two care models of high-risk pregnant women--a House for Pregnant Women, staffed by nurse-midwives, versus a traditional care model in a hospital maternity ward. DESIGN: This was across-sectional study conducted in two reference maternity hospitals for high-risk pregnancies, in Belo Horizonte, Minas Gerais, Brazil. The sample consisted of 312 high-risk pregnant women consecutively admitted from January 1st to December 31(st), 2010, either to the House for Pregnant Women (n=247), or the hospital maternity ward (n=65)...
July 17, 2017: Midwifery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28749944/mode-of-birth-and-medical-interventions-among-women-at-low-risk-of-complications-a-cross-national-comparison-of-birth-settings-in-england-and-the-netherlands
#10
Ank de Jonge, Lilian Peters, Caroline C Geerts, Jos J M van Roosmalen, Jos W R Twisk, Peter Brocklehurst, Jennifer Hollowell
OBJECTIVES: To compare mode of birth and medical interventions between broadly equivalent birth settings in England and the Netherlands. METHODS: Data were combined from the Birthplace study in England (from April 2008 to April 2010) and the National Perinatal Register in the Netherlands (2009). Low risk women in England planning birth at home (16,470) or in freestanding midwifery units (11,133) were compared with Dutch women with planned home births (40,468). Low risk English women with births planned in alongside midwifery units (16,418) or obstetric units (19,096) were compared with Dutch women with planned midwife-led hospital births (37,887)...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28746555/the-color-of-pain-racial-iniquities-in-prenatal-care-and-childbirth-in-brazil
#11
Maria do Carmo Leal, Silvana Granado Nogueira da Gama, Ana Paula Esteves Pereira, Vanessa Eufrauzino Pacheco, Cleber Nascimento do Carmo, Ricardo Ventura Santos
Few studies on the influence of race/color on pregnancy and birthcare experiences have been carried out in Brazil. Additionally, none of the existing studies are of national scope. This study sought to evaluate inequities in prenatal and childbirth care according to race/color using propensity score matching. The data comes from the study Birth in Brazil: National Survey into Labor and Birth, a national population study comprised of interviews and revisions of medical records that included 23,894 women in 2011/2012...
July 24, 2017: Cadernos de Saúde Pública
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28725564/post-partum-streptococcal-toxic-shock-syndrome-associated-with-necrotizing-fasciitis
#12
Wei Chuan Chua, Mohd Zulfakar Mazlan, Saedah Ali, Sanihah Che Omar, Wan Mohd Nazaruddin Wan Hassan, S Praveena Seevaunnantum, Rhendra Hardy Mohd Zaini, Mohd Hasyizan Hassan, Alwi Muhd Besari, Zaidah Abd Rahman, Zeti Norfidiyati Salmuna Ayub, Sabrina Abd Ghani, Normalinda Yaacob, Wan Rosilawati Wan Rosli
We report a fatal case of post-partum streptococcal toxic shock syndrome in a patient who was previously healthy and had presented to the emergency department with an extensive blistering ecchymotic lesions over her right buttock and thigh associated with severe pain. The pregnancy had been uncomplicated, and the mode of delivery had been spontaneous vaginal delivery with an episiotomy. She was found to have septicemic shock requiring high inotropic support. Subsequently, she was treated for necrotizing fasciitis, complicated by septicemic shock and multiple organ failures...
2017: IDCases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28724657/prenatal-lipid-based-nutrient-supplements-do-not-affect-pregnancy-or-childbirth-complications-or-cesarean-delivery-in-bangladesh-a-cluster-randomized-controlled-effectiveness-trial
#13
Malay K Mridha, Susana L Matias, Rina Rani Paul, Sohrab Hussain, Mostofa Sarker, Mokbul Hossain, Janet M Peerson, Stephen A Vosti, Kathryn G Dewey
Background: Pregnancy and childbirth complications and cesarean delivery are common in Bangladesh.Objective: We evaluated the effect of lipid-based nutrient supplements for pregnant and lactating women (LNS-PL) on pregnancy and childbirth complications and cesarean delivery.Methods: We conducted the Rang-Din Nutrition Study, a cluster-randomized controlled effectiveness trial within a community health program in rural Bangladesh. We enrolled 4011 pregnant women in early pregnancy. Women in 48 clusters received iron and folic acid (IFA; 60 mg Fe + 400 μg folic acid/d) and women in 16 clusters received LNS-PL (20 g/d, 118 kcal) containing essential fatty acids and 22 vitamins and minerals...
July 19, 2017: Journal of Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28721483/the-effectiveness-of-mediolateral-episiotomy-in-preventing-obstetric-anal-sphincter-injuries-during-operative-vaginal-delivery-a-ten-year-analysis-of-a-national-registry
#14
Jeroen van Bavel, Chantal W P M Hukkelhoven, Charlotte de Vries, Dimitri N M Papatsonis, Joey de Vogel, Jan-Paul W R Roovers, Ben Willem Mol, Jan Willem de Leeuw
INTRODUCTION AND HYPOTHESIS: Obstetric anal sphincter injuries (OASIS) are associated with an increased risk of faecal incontinence after vaginal delivery. The aim of this retrospective population-based cohort study was to assess whether mediolateral episiotomy is associated with a reduction in the rate of OASIS during operative vaginal delivery. METHODS: We used data from the Dutch Perinatal Registry (Perined) that includes records of almost all births between 2000 and 2010 in The Netherlands...
July 18, 2017: International Urogynecology Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28706102/a-method-to-assess-obstetric-outcomes-using-the-10-group-classification-system-a-quantitative-descriptive-study
#15
Janne Rossen, Miha Lucovnik, Torbjørn Moe Eggebø, Natasa Tul, Martina Murphy, Ingvild Vistad, Michael Robson
OBJECTIVES: Internationally, the 10-Group Classification System (TGCS) has been used to report caesarean section rates, but analysis of other outcomes is also recommended. We now aim to present the TGCS as a method to assess outcomes of labour and delivery using routine collection of perinatal information. DESIGN: This research is a methodological study to describe the use of the TGCS. SETTING: Stavanger University Hospital (SUH), Norway, National Maternity Hospital Dublin, Ireland and Slovenian National Perinatal Database (SLO), Slovenia...
July 12, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28699402/the-management-of-episiotomy-technique-and-its-effect-on-pelvic-floor-muscles-during-a-malposition-childbirth
#16
Dulce A Oliveira, Marco P L Parente, Begoña Calvo, Teresa Mascarenhas, Renato M Natal Jorge
Vaginal childbirth is the leading cause of pelvic floor muscles injury, which contributes to pelvic floor dysfunction, being enhanced by fetal malposition. Therefore, the aim of the present study is to verify the influence of mediolateral episiotomies in the mechanics of the pelvic floor with the fetus in occiput posterior position when compared to the occiput anterior position. Numerical simulations of vaginal deliveries, with and without episiotomy, are performed based on the Finite Element Method. The biomechanical model includes the pelvic floor muscles, a surface to delimit the anterior region of the birth canal and a fetus...
August 2017: Computer Methods in Biomechanics and Biomedical Engineering
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28689647/effectiveness-of-a-physical-activity-programme-based-on-the-pilates-method-in-pregnancy-and-labour
#17
Luciano Rodríguez-Díaz, Carlos Ruiz-Frutos, Juana María Vázquez-Lara, Jesús Ramírez-Rodrigo, Carmen Villaverde-Gutiérrez, Gema Torres-Luque
OBJECTIVE: To assess the effectiveness and safety of a physical activity programme based on use of the Pilates method, over eight weeks in pregnant women, on functional parameters, such as weight, blood pressure, strength, flexibility and spinal curvature, and on labour parameters, such as, type of delivery, episiotomy, analgesia and newborn weight. METHOD: A randomized clinical trial was carried out on pregnant women, applying a programme of physical activity using the Pilates method, designed specifically for this population...
July 6, 2017: Enfermería Clínica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28682756/-can-the-rate-of-episiotomy-still-be-lowered-status-update-in-paca-region-south-of-france
#18
E Lesieur, J Blanc, A Loundou, M Dubuc, F Bretelle
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate professional practices relative to episiotomies in the Provence Alpes Côte d'Azur (PACA) region by analysing their incidence in maternity hospitals, by type and by sector of activity. Following this, to analyse maternal and obstetric characteristics associated with episiotomies and the occurrence of perineal tears in Marseille's university hospitals (CHU). METHODS: Data were extracted from the database for the period from 1st January 2012 to 31 December 2014...
March 2017: Gynecologie, Obstetrique, Fertilite & Senologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28681174/risk-factors-for-obstetric-anal-sphincter-injuries-oasi-at-a-tertiary-centre-in-south-india
#19
Sirisha Rao Gundabattula, Kameswari Surampudi
INTRODUCTION AND HYPOTHESIS: Despite several studies that have reported risk factors for obstetric anal sphincter injuries (OASI), data from the Indian subcontinent are scarce. The purpose of this study was to identify risk factors for these sphincter injuries in an Indian population. METHODS: This was a case-control study within a retrospective cohort of vaginal deliveries at a tertiary care facility. All vaginal births beyond 24 completed weeks of gestation and birth weight ≥500 g from January 2008 to December 2012 were identified from the hospital electronic database...
July 5, 2017: International Urogynecology Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28672754/postpartum-infection-in-relation-to-maternal-characteristics-obstetric-interventions-and-complications
#20
Daniel Axelsson, Jan Brynhildsen, Marie Blomberg
The purpose was to evaluate the association between maternal characteristics, obstetrical interventions/complications and postpartum wound infections (WI), urinary tract infection (UTI) and endometritis. Furthermore, this study aimed to determine the time from delivery to onset of infections after discharge from the hospital. Three large Swedish Medical Health Registers were scrutinized for the period 2005-2012. A total of 582,576 women had 795,072 deliveries. Women with diagnosis codes for WIs, UTIs or endometritis, from delivery to 8 weeks postpartum, were compared to non-infected women...
June 26, 2017: Journal of Perinatal Medicine
keyword
keyword
33472
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"