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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28170447/comparison-of-mkp-and-bsk-h-media-for-the-cultivation-and-isolation-of-borrelia-burgdorferi-sensu-lato
#1
Eva Ružić-Sabljić, Vera Maraspin, Daša Stupica, Tereza Rojko, Petra Bogovič, Franc Strle, Tjaša Cerar
The isolation of B. burgdorferi sensu lato requires the use of complex cultivation media. The aim of the study was to compare the usefulness of BSK-H (a commercial medium produced by HiMedia, India) and MKP medium. MKP and BSK-H media were prepared in accordance with the relevant protocols. Borrelia strains and skin culture biopsies were simultaneously inoculated into both media, incubated and checked for growth. Borrelial growth characteristics, isolation rates and characteristics of the isolated borreliae were analysed and compared...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28164001/abdominal-mass-secondary-to-human-toxocariasis
#2
Javad Ghoroobi, Leily Mohajerzadeh, Maliheh Khoddami, Alireza Mirshemirani, Naser Sadeghian, Alireza Mahdavi, Sayeh Hatefi
Toxocariasis is an extensive helminthic infection that leads to visceral larva migrans in humans. A 2.5-year-old girl referred for abdominal mass. She had history of pharyngitis for two weeks. There were no other symptoms. Abdominal examination revealed an irregular solid mass in right lower quadrant (RLQ). Abdominal ultrasonography revealed an echohetrogenic large mass in RLQ, liver, and retroperitoneal area. Abdominal CT scan showed a huge mass. At laparotomy a large retroperitoneal mass that involved right liver lobe, bladder, ileocecal valve, small and large intestines was found...
January 2017: APSP Journal of Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28162921/the-first-case-of-imported-borrelia-miyamotoi-disease-concurrent-with-lyme-disease
#3
Rentaro Oda, Satoshi Kutsuna, Yoshiyuki Sekikawa, Igen Hongo, Kozue Sato, Makoto Ohnishi, Hiroki Kawabata
Borrelia miyamotoi disease (BMD) is an emerging infectious disease caused by B. miyamotoi. Although BMD has been reported in the United States, Europe, and Japan, no case of imported BMD has been described in the world. Here, we report a 63-year-old American man living in Japan who presented with malaise, headache, myalgia, and arthralgia. We suspected Lyme disease because of his travel history to Minnesota and presence of erythema migrans. Serologic analysis supported our diagnosis, and doxycycline was administered for 14 days...
February 2, 2017: Journal of Infection and Chemotherapy: Official Journal of the Japan Society of Chemotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28095660/draft-genome-of-toxocara-canis-a-pathogen-responsible-for-visceral-larva-migrans
#4
Jinhwa Kong, Jungim Won, Jeehee Yoon, UnJoo Lee, Jong-Il Kim, Sun Huh
This study aimed at constructing a draft genome of the adult female worm Toxocara canis using next-generation sequencing (NGS) and de novo assembly, as well as to find new genes after annotation using functional genomics tools. Using an NGS machine, we produced DNA read data of T. canis. The de novo assembly of the read data was performed using SOAPdenovo. RNA read data were assembled using Trinity. Structural annotation, homology search, functional annotation, classification of protein domains, and KEGG pathway analysis were carried out...
December 2016: Korean Journal of Parasitology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28078983/cutaneous-larva-migrans
#5
Alexander K C Leung, Benjamin Barankin, Kam Lun Hon
BACKGROUND: Cutaneous larva migrans is one of the most common skin diseases reported in travelers returning from tropical regions. Western physicians, however, are often not familiar of this condition. OBJECTIVE: To review in depth the epidemiology, pathophysiology, clinical manifestations, complications, and treatment of cutaneous larva migrans. METHODS: A PubMed search was completed in Clinical Queries using the key term "cutaneous larva migrans"...
January 10, 2017: Recent Patents on Inflammation & Allergy Drug Discovery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28077518/th17-cytokine-responses-in-lyme-disease-correlate-with-borreliaburgdorferi-antibodies-during-early-infection-in-patients-with-erythema-migrans-and-with-autoantibodies-late-in-the-illness-in-patients-with-antibiotic-refractory-lyme-arthritis
#6
Klemen Strle, Katherine B Sulka, Annalisa Pianta, Jameson T Crowley, Sheila L Arvikar, Anthony Anselmo, Ruslan Sadreyev, Allen C Steere
BACKGROUND: Control of Lyme disease is attributed predominantly to innate and adaptive TH1 immune responses, whereas the role of TH17 responses is less clear. Here we characterized these inflammatory responses in patients with erythema migrans (EM) or Lyme arthritis (LA) to elucidate their role early and late in the infection. METHODS: Levels of 21 cytokines and chemokines, representative of innate, TH1, and TH17 immune responses, were assessed by Luminex in acute and convalescent sera from 91 EM patients, in serum and synovial fluid from 141 LA patients, and in serum from 57 healthy subjects...
January 11, 2017: Clinical Infectious Diseases: An Official Publication of the Infectious Diseases Society of America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28065617/borrelia-miyamotoi-in-vectors-and-hosts-in-the-netherlands
#7
Alex Wagemakers, Seta Jahfari, Bob de Wever, Lodewijk Spanjaard, Markus V Starink, Henry J C de Vries, Hein Sprong, Joppe W Hovius
Ixodes ticks transmit Borrelia burgdorferi sensu lato (s.l.), the causative agent of Lyme borreliosis (LB). These tick species also transmit Borrelia miyamotoi, which was recently found to cause infections in humans. We were interested in the prevalence of B. miyamotoi infection in ticks and natural hosts in The Netherlands, and to what extent ticks are co-infected with B. burgdorferi. In addition, erythema migrans has been sporadically described in B. miyamotoi-infected patients, but these skin lesions might as well represent co-infections with B...
December 30, 2016: Ticks and Tick-borne Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28049383/a-lyme-borreliosis-diagnosis-probability-score-no-relation-with-antibiotic-treatment-response
#8
Violeta T Briciu, Mirela Flonta, Daniel Leucuţa, Dumitru Cârstina, Doina F Ţăţulescu, Mihaela Lupşe
OBJECTIVES: (1) To describe epidemiological and clinical data of patients that present with the suspicion of Lyme borreliosis (LB); (2) to evaluate a previous published score that classifies patients on the probability of having LB, following-up patients' clinical outcome after antibiotherapy. METHODS: Inclusion criteria: patients with clinical manifestations compatible with LB and Borrelia (B.) burgdorferi positive serology, hospitalized in a Romanian hospital between January 2011 and October 2012...
January 3, 2017: Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28040562/enzootic-origins-for-clinical-manifestations-of-lyme-borreliosis
#9
Setareh Jahfari, Aleksandra Krawczyk, E Claudia Coipan, Manoj Fonville, Joppe W Hovius, Hein Sprong, Katsuhisa Takumi
Both early localized and late disseminated forms of Lyme borreliosis are caused by Borrelia burgdorferi senso lato. Differentiating between the spirochetes that only cause localized skin infection from those that cause disseminated infection, and tracing the group of medically-important spirochetes to a specific vertebrate host species, are two critical issues in disease risk assessment and management. Borrelia burgdorferi senso lato isolates from Lyme borreliosis cases with distinct clinical manifestations (erythema migrans, neuroborreliosis, acrodermatitis chronica atrophicans, and Lyme arthritis) and isolates from Ixodes ricinus ticks feeding on rodents, birds and hedgehogs were typed to the genospecies level by sequencing part of the intergenic spacer region...
December 28, 2016: Infection, Genetics and Evolution
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28017623/pathogenetic-implications-of-the-age-at-time-of-diagnosis-and-skin-location-for-acrodermatitis-chronica-atrophicans
#10
Katarina Ogrinc, Gary P Wormser, Paul Visintainer, Vera Maraspin, Stanka Lotrič-Furlan, Jože Cimperman, Eva Ružić-Sabljić, Petra Bogovič, Tereza Rojko, Daša Stupica, Franc Strle
BACKGROUND: The pathogenesis of acrodermatitis chronica atrophicans (ACA) is not well understood. OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to gain a better understanding of ACA by utilizing a large data set of adult Slovenian patients with Lyme borreliosis. METHODS: The age of 590 ACA patients was compared with that of patients with other manifestations of Lyme borreliosis. The location of the ACA lesion on the body was compared with that of erythema migrans (EM)...
November 24, 2016: Ticks and Tick-borne Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28007428/topical-azithromycin-for-the-prevention-of-lyme-borreliosis-a-randomised-placebo-controlled-phase-3-efficacy-trial
#11
Michael Schwameis, Thomas Kündig, Gustave Huber, Luzi von Bidder, Lorenz Meinel, Roland Weisser, Elisabeth Aberer, Georg Härter, Thomas Weinke, Tomas Jelinek, Gerd Fätkenheuer, Uwe Wollina, Gerd-Dieter Burchard, Roland Aschoff, Ruth Nischik, Gerhard Sattler, Georg Popp, Wolfgang Lotte, Dirk Wiechert, Gerald Eder, Olga Maus, Petra Staubach-Renz, Andrea Gräfe, Veronika Geigenberger, Ingomar Naudts, Michael Sebastian, Norbert Reider, Ridwan Weber, Marc Heckmann, Emil C Reisinger, Georg Klein, Johannes Wantzen, Bernd Jilma
BACKGROUND: Lyme borreliosis develops in 1-5% of individuals bitten by ticks, but with a diagnostic gap affecting up to 30% of patients, a broadly applicable pharmacological prevention strategy is needed. Topical azithromycin effectively eradicated Borrelia burgdorferi sensu lato from the skin in preclinical studies. We assessed its efficacy in human beings. METHODS: In this randomised, double-blind, placebo-controlled, multicentre trial done in 28 study sites in Germany and Austria, adults were equally assigned to receive topical 10% azithromycin or placebo twice daily for 3 consecutive days, within 72 h of a tick bite being confirmed...
December 19, 2016: Lancet Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27986402/the-domestic-pig-as-a-potential-model-for-borrelia-skin-infection
#12
Michael Reiter, Christian Knecht, Andreas Müller, Anna-Margarita Schötta, Michael Leschnik, Michiel Wijnveld, Herbert Weissenböck, Hannes Stockinger, Gerold Stanek, Wolfgang Sipos
The skin lesion erythema migrans is a characteristic early manifestation of Lyme borreliosis in humans. However, the pathomechanisms leading to development of this erythema are not fully understood. Models that mimic human skin would enhance research in this field. Human and porcine skin structures strongly resemble each other. Therefore, we attempted to induce erythema migrans lesions in experimental Borrelia burgdorferi sensu lato infection in the skin of domestic pigs. The formation of erythema migrans-like lesions was observed after intradermal injection of these spirochetes, with the lesions forming very clearly in 2/6 animals when a strain of B...
February 2017: Ticks and Tick-borne Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27976670/lyme-borreliosis
#13
REVIEW
Allen C Steere, Franc Strle, Gary P Wormser, Linden T Hu, John A Branda, Joppe W R Hovius, Xin Li, Paul S Mead
Lyme borreliosis is a tick-borne disease that predominantly occurs in temperate regions of the northern hemisphere and is primarily caused by the bacterium Borrelia burgdorferi in North America and Borrelia afzelii or Borrelia garinii in Europe and Asia. Infection usually begins with an expanding skin lesion, known as erythema migrans (referred to as stage 1), which, if untreated, can be followed by early disseminated infection, particularly neurological abnormalities (stage 2), and by late infection, especially arthritis in North America or acrodermatitis chronica atrophicans in Europe (stage 3)...
15, 2016: Nature Reviews. Disease Primers
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27939994/oxidative-stress-responses-in-relationship-to-persistent-organic-pollutant-levels-in-feathers-and-blood-of-two-predatory-bird-species-from-pakistan
#14
Naeem Akhtar Abbasi, Augustine Arukwe, Veerle L B Jaspers, Igor Eulaers, Elvira Mennilo, Oju Richard Ibor, Adrien Frantz, Adrian Covaci, Riffat Naseem Malik
To date, knowledge of persistent organic pollutant (POP) mediated oxidative stress responses in avian species is rather limited. We therefore investigated whether exposure to polybrominated diphenyl ethers (PBDEs) and organochlorine pesticides (OCPs) in two predatory bird species, namely black kite (Milvus migrans) and spotted owlet (Athene brama), was associated to activities of antioxidant enzymes, such as glutathione peroxidase (GPx), glutathione S-transferase (GST), glutathione reductase (GR) and catalase (CAT), or expression of GPx and superoxide dismutase (SOD) genes...
December 7, 2016: Science of the Total Environment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27920571/commercial-test-kits-for-detection-of-lyme-borreliosis-a-meta-analysis-of-test-accuracy
#15
Michael J Cook, Basant K Puri
The clinical diagnosis of Lyme borreliosis can be supported by various test methodologies; test kits are available from many manufacturers. Literature searches were carried out to identify studies that reported characteristics of the test kits. Of 50 searched studies, 18 were included where the tests were commercially available and samples were proven to be positive using serology testing, evidence of an erythema migrans rash, and/or culture. Additional requirements were a test specificity of ≥85% and publication in the last 20 years...
2016: International Journal of General Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27919549/-the-role-of-reflectance-confocal-microscopy-in-diagnosis-of-pili-migrans
#16
E Couty, E Cinotti, B Labeille, A-C Biron Schneider, C Jaffelin, A Leclercq, F Cambazard, J-L Perrot
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 2017: Annales de Dermatologie et de Vénéréologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27900835/treatment-of-cutaneous-larva-migrans-with-a-single-session-of-carbon-dioxide-laser-a-study-of-ten-cases-in-the-philippines
#17
Livia Francine Soriano, Miriam Emily Piansay-Soriano
BACKGROUND: Cutaneous larva migrans (CLM) has a detrimental effect on patients' emotional and physical quality of life. Due to local unavailability of gold standard oral treatments for CLM, carbon dioxide laser was attempted. We present a case series where a single session of carbon dioxide laser treatment was associated with cessation of signs and symptoms of CLM. AIMS: The aim of this study was to assess the efficacy of a single session of carbon dioxide laser in the treatment of CLM...
November 29, 2016: Journal of Cosmetic Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27891258/lyme-carditis-an-interesting-trip-to-third-degree-heart-block-and-back
#18
Maxwell Eyram Afari, Fady Marmoush, Mobeen Ur Rehman, Umama Gorsi, Joseph F Yammine
Carditis is an uncommon presentation of the early disseminated phase of Lyme disease. We present the case of a young female who presented with erythema migrans and was found to have first-degree heart block which progressed to complete heart block within hours. After receiving ceftriaxone, there was complete resolution of the heart block in sequential fashion. Our case illustrates the importance of early recognition and anticipation of progressive cardiac conduction abnormalities in patients presenting with Lyme disease...
2016: Case Reports in Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27884470/the-first-exposure-assessment-of-legacy-and-unrestricted-brominated-flame-retardants-in-predatory-birds-of-pakistan
#19
Naeem Akhtar Abbasi, Igor Eulaers, Veerle Leontina Bernard Jaspers, Muhammad Jamshed Iqbal Chaudhry, Adrien Frantz, Per Lennart Ambus, Adrian Covaci, Riffat Naseem Malik
The exposure to legacy polybrominated diphenyl ethers (PBDEs), hexabromocyclododecanes (HBCDDs) and unrestricted 1,2-bis (2,4,6-tribromophenoxy) ethane (BTBPE), bis (2-ethylhexyl)-2,3,4,5-tetrabromophthalate (BEH-TEBP) and 2-ethylhexyl-2,3,4,5-tetrabromo-benzoate (EH-TBB) was examined in tail feathers of 76 birds belonging to ten predatory species inhabiting Pakistan. In addition, different feather types of six individuals of Black kite (Milvus migrans) were compared for their brominated flame retardant (BFR) levels...
January 2017: Environmental Pollution
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27869612/baylisascaris-procyonis-roundworm-seroprevalence-among-wildlife-rehabilitators-united-states-and-canada-2012-2015
#20
Sarah G H Sapp, Lisa N Rascoe, Patricia P Wilkins, Sukwan Handali, Elizabeth B Gray, Mark Eberhard, Dana M Woodhall, Susan P Montgomery, Karen L Bailey, Emily W Lankau, Michael J Yabsley
Baylisascaris procyonis roundworms can cause potentially fatal neural larva migrans in many species, including humans. However, the clinical spectrum of baylisascariasis is not completely understood. We tested 347 asymptomatic adult wildlife rehabilitators for B. procyonis antibodies; 24 were positive, suggesting that subclinical baylisascariasis is occurring among this population.
December 2016: Emerging Infectious Diseases
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