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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29684891/considering-high-alcohol-and-violence-neighborhood-context-using-daily-diaries-and-gps-a-pilot-study-among-people-living-with-hiv
#1
Katherine P Theall, Erica Felker-Kantor, Maeve Wallace, Xiao Zhang, Christopher N Morrison, Douglas J Wiebe
Our understanding of how community-level context impacts care of persons living with HIV (PLWH), including antiretroviral therapy (ART) adherence and retention in care, is limited. The objective of this study was to characterize the activity spaces of PLWH from an urban area in Southeastern U.S., where the epidemic is among the nation's highest, and to examine how such activity spaces are associated with daily mood and health behaviors. In this small, pilot study, 11 participants were tracked with a global positioning system (GPS)-enabled application on their smartphones for 2 weeks...
April 10, 2018: Drug and Alcohol Dependence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29684837/patient-safety-content-and-delivery-in-pre-registration-nursing-curricula-a-national-cross-sectional-survey-study
#2
Kim Usher, Cindy Woods, Jane Conway, Jackie Lea, Vicki Parker, Fiona Barrett, Eilish O'Shea, Debra Jackson
BACKGROUND: Patient safety is a core principle of health professional practice and as such requires significant attention within undergraduate curricula. However, patient safety practice is complex requiring a broad range of skills and behaviours including the application of sound clinical knowledge within a range of health care contexts and cultures. There is very little research that explores how this is taught within Australian nursing curricula. OBJECTIVES: To examine how Australian nursing curricula address patient safety; identify where and how patient safety learning occurs; and describe who is responsible for facilitating this learning...
April 17, 2018: Nurse Education Today
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29684654/epidemiology-of-out-of-hospital-cardiac-arrest-a-french-national-incidence-and-mid-term-survival-rate-study
#3
Gérald Luc, Valentine Baert, Joséphine Escutnaire, Michael Genin, Christian Vilhelm, Christophe Di Pompéo, Carlos El Khoury, Nicolas Segal, Eric Wiel, Frédéric Adnet, Karim Tazarourte, Pierre-Yves Gueugniaud, Hervé Hubert
Out-of-hospital cardiac arrest (OHCA) is considered an important public health issue but its incidence has not been examined in France. The aim of this study is to define the incidence of OHCA in France and to compare this to other neighbouring countries. Data were extracted from the French OHCA registry. Only exhaustive centres during the period from January 1, 2013, to September 30, 2014 were included. All patients were included, regardless of their age and cause of OHCA. The participating centres covered about 10% of the French population...
April 20, 2018: Anaesthesia, Critical Care & Pain Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29684652/generosity-and-compliance-recruitment-work-and-the-pathways-to-participation-in-bone-marrow-donation
#4
Kushan Dasgupta
This study examines challenges involved in recruiting bone marrow donors. Data comes from participant observation with a recruitment organization in the United States. Findings reveal that recruiters try to express bone marrow donation with common "gift of life" messaging, which emphasizes a singular event involving generosity. Potential recruits, however, respond by focusing on pain and time commitments. These concerns draw attention to the many stages and requirements involved in bone marrow donation and make issues of compliance salient...
April 12, 2018: Social Science & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29684297/is-medical-marijuana-legalisation-possible-in-poland
#5
Dorota Rogowska-Szadkowska, Julia Strumiło, Sławomir Chlabicz
OBJECTIVES: In some countries of the world it is legal to use plant-based marijuana for therapeutic purposes. When we had learned that 7,000 petitioners (including doctors) signed the petition to enable access to marijuana for patients in the Czech Republic, we decided to examine the knowledge about marijuana's medical properties among Polish medical students. METHODS: Anonymous questionnaire study was conducted on a group of 181 of students of the last (sixth) year of medical school...
March 2018: Central European Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29684284/predicting-outcomes-in-idiopathic-pulmonary-fibrosis-using-automated-ct-analysis
#6
Joseph Jacob, Brian J Bartholmai, Srinivasan Rajagopalan, Coline H M van Moorsel, Hendrik W van Es, Frouke T van Beek, Marjolijn H L Struik, Maria Kokosi, Ryoko Egashira, Anne Laure Brun, Arjun Nair, Simon L F Walsh, Gary Cross, Joseph Barnett, Angelo de Lauretis, Eoin P Judge, Sujal Desai, Ronald Karwoski, Sebastien Ourselin, Elisabetta Renzoni, Toby M Maher, Andre Altmann, Athol U Wells
AIMS: To determine whether computer-derived computed tomography measures, specifically measures of pulmonary vessel-related structures, can better predict functional decline and survival in idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis (IPF) and reduce requisite sample sizes in drug trial populations. METHODS: IPF patients undergoing volumetric non-contrast CT imaging at the Royal Brompton Hospital, London and St Antonius Hospital, Utrecht, were examined to identify pulmonary functional measures (including forced vital capacity), and visual and computer-derived (CALIPER) CT features predictive of mortality and forced vital capacity decline...
April 23, 2018: American Journal of Respiratory and Critical Care Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29684118/spontaneous-endometriosis-in-cynomolgus-monkeys-as-a-clinically-relevant-experimental-model
#7
A Nishimoto-Kakiuchi, S Netsu, S Okabayashi, K Taniguchi, H Tanimura, A Kato, M Suzuki, T Sankai, R Konno
STUDY QUESTION: Does spontaneous endometriosis in cynomolgus monkeys have the characteristics required of a good experimental model? SUMMARY ANSWER: Spontaneous endometriosis in cynomolgus monkeys exhibited similar clinicopathological characteristics to the human disease and was useful as an experimental model. WHAT IS KNOWN ALREADY: The prevalence of endometriosis in autopsied cynomolgus monkeys (Macaca fascicularis) in a breeding colony was reported to be 28...
April 19, 2018: Human Reproduction
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29684103/common-mental-disorders-and-work
#8
Paul J Nicholson
Background: Governments and employers' organizations have sustained focus on common mental disorders (CMD), how they impact a person's ability to gain or continue work, the costs of sickness absence, presenteeism and job loss, and the positive impact of work on wellbeing. Sources of data: Scientific literature, mainly systematic reviews and grey literature, i.e. publications not accessible through medical databases. Areas of agreement: CMD are a major cause of disability, unemployment and dependency on welfare benefits...
April 19, 2018: British Medical Bulletin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29683929/18f-fdg-pet-ct-in-the-evaluation-of-cancer-cervix-where-do-we-stand-today
#9
Shanmuga S Palaniswamy, Chaitanya R Borde, Padma Subramanyam
The incidence of gynecological malignancies is on the rise partly because of the availability of screening programmes, awareness, higher technological advancements, and availability of better medical care. Early diagnosis of any malignancy leads to prompt treatment. Use of 18Fluorine-Fluorodeoxyglucose (F-FDG) PET/CT in the treatment and follow-up of patients with Ca cervix considerably improves patient management. The primary diagnosis of Ca cervix is made either by biopsy of a visible tumor on the cervix or by a cone biopsy of a nonvisible malignant cervical focus...
April 20, 2018: Nuclear Medicine Communications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29683887/association-of-anticholinergic-risk-score-with-functional-status-in-patients-preparing-for-pelvic-reconstructive-surgery
#10
Taylor J Brueseke, Maria de la Luz Nieto, Samantha Pulliam, Jennifer M Wu
OBJECTIVES: Anticholinergic medication use has been associated with cognitive impairment and other functional limitations, particularly in older patients. The anticholinergic risk score (ARS) can be used to measure a patient's cumulative exposure to medications with anticholinergic properties. Our primary objective was to evaluate the correlation between ARS and functional status, as measured by instrumental activities of daily living (IADL), in patients preparing to undergo urogynecologic surgery...
April 20, 2018: Female Pelvic Medicine & Reconstructive Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29683875/characteristics-of-inpatient-units-associated-with-sustained-hand-hygiene-compliance
#11
Jonathan D Wolfe, Henry J Domenico, Gerald B Hickson, Deede Wang, Marilyn Dubree, Nancye Feistritzer, Nancy Wells, Thomas R Talbot
OBJECTIVES: Following institution of a hand hygiene (HH) program at an academic medical center, HH compliance increased from 58% to 92% for 3 years. Some inpatient units modeled early, sustained increases, and others exhibited protracted improvement rates. We examined the association between patterns of HH compliance improvement and unit characteristics. METHODS: Adult inpatient units (N = 35) were categorized into the following three tiers based on their pattern of HH compliance: early adopters, nonsustained and late adopters, and laggards...
April 20, 2018: Journal of Patient Safety
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29683867/communication-among-team-members-within-the-patient-centered-medical-home-and-patient-satisfaction-with-providers-the-mediating-role-of-patient-provider-communication
#12
Susan E Stockdale, Danielle Rose, Jill E Darling, Lisa S Meredith, Christian D Helfrich, Timothy R Dresselhaus, Philip Roos, Lisa V Rubenstein
BACKGROUND: The Patient-centered Medical Home (PCMH) uses team-based care to improve patient outcomes, including satisfaction. The quality of patients' communication with their primary care providers (PCPs) is a key determinant of patient satisfaction. A shift to team-based care could disrupt the therapeutic relationship between patients and their PCPs and reduce patient satisfaction if communication and coordination among primary care team members is poor. Little is known about the relationship between intrateam communication within a PCMH and patient satisfaction with PCPs, and whether patient-provider communication might mediate this relationship...
April 21, 2018: Medical Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29683843/benefits-and-harms-of-lung-cancer-screening-in-hiv-infected-individuals-with-cd4-%C3%A2-500-a-simulation-study
#13
Chung Yin Kong, Keith Sigel, Steven D Criss, Deirdre F Sheehan, Matthew Triplette, Michael J Silverberg, Claudia I Henschke, Amy Justice, R Scott Braithwaite, Juan Wisnivesky, Kristina Crothers
OBJECTIVE: Lung cancer is the leading cause of non-AIDS-defining cancer deaths among HIV-infected individuals. Although lung cancer screening with low-dose computed tomography (LDCT) is endorsed by multiple national organizations, whether HIV-infected individuals would have similar benefit as uninfected individuals from lung cancer screening is unknown. Our objective was to determine the benefits and harms of lung cancer screening among HIV-infected individuals. DESIGN: We modified an existing simulation model, the Lung Cancer Policy Model, for HIV-infected patients...
April 19, 2018: AIDS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29683729/is-tinnitus-an-early-voice-of-masked-hypertension-high-masked-hypertension-rate-in-patients-with-tinnitus
#14
Taylan Gun, Selçuk Özkan, Bunyamin Yavuz
OBJECTIVES: Tinnitus is hearing a sound without any external acoustic stimulus. There are some clues of hypertension can cause tinnitus in different ways. The aim of the study was to evaluate the relationship between tinnitus and masked hypertension including echocardiographic parameters and severity of tinnitus. METHODS: This study included 88 patients with tinnitus of at least 3 months duration and 85 age and gender-matched control subjects. Tinnitus severity index was used to classify the patients with tinnitus...
April 23, 2018: Clinical and Experimental Hypertension: CHE
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29683560/hands-on-or-no-hands-on-training-in-ultrasound-imaging-a-randomized-trial-to-evaluate-learning-outcomes-and-speed-of-recall-of-topographic-anatomy
#15
Lars Knudsen, Ralph Nawrotzki, Andreas Schmiedl, Christian Mühlfeld, Carsten Kruschinski, Matthias Ochs
Medical students have difficulties in interpreting two-dimensional (2D) topographic anatomy on sectional images. Hands-on and no hands-on training in ultrasound imaging facilitate learning topographic anatomy. Hands-on training is linked with active search for patterns of anatomical structures and might train pattern recognition for image interpretation better although the added value on learning outcomes is unclear. This study explores first year medical students' knowledge in topographic anatomy of the upper abdomen after attending hands-on or no hands-on training in ultrasound in a randomized trial...
April 23, 2018: Anatomical Sciences Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29683432/granular-cell-tumour-of-the-tongue-treated-by-radiofrequency-ablation
#16
Saverio Capodiferro, Angela Tempesta, Luisa Limongelli, Eugenio Maiorano, Gianfranco Favia
AIM: To report on a case of granular cell tumour occurring in the tongue surgically removed by surgical radiofrequency, with histological examination. MATERIAL OF STUDY: Discussion on the clinico-pathological characteristics of the granular cell tumour and the surgical treatment by surgical radiofrequency: the differential diagnosis is also discussed. RESULTS: Histological examination is mandatory for the final diagnosis. Surgical radiofrequency is an useful medical device to achieve good quality surgery with minimal post-operative course...
April 23, 2018: Annali Italiani di Chirurgia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29683401/access-to-and-experiences-with-e-health-technology-among-glaucoma-patients-and-their-relationship-with-medication-adherence
#17
Paula Anne Newman-Casey, Olivia J Killeen, Morgan Renner, Alan L Robin, Paul Lee, Michele Heisler
BACKGROUND: As online health information becomes common, it is important to assess patients' access to and experiences with online resources. INTRODUCTION: We examined whether glaucoma patients' technology usage differs by medication adherence and whether adherence is associated with online education experiences. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We included 164 adults with glaucoma taking ≥1 glaucoma medication. Participants completed a survey including demographic and health information, the Morisky Adherence Scale, and questions about online glaucoma resource usage...
April 23, 2018: Telemedicine Journal and E-health: the Official Journal of the American Telemedicine Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29683293/psoriasis-as-a-cardiovascular-risk-factor-updates-and-algorithmic-approach
#18
Emanuele Cozzani, Gianmarco Rosa, Martina Burlando, Aurora Parodi
Although psoriasis is predominantly a chronic inflammatory skin disorder, it has been known to be associated with cardiovascular disease. Patients with psoriasis, particularly with moderate to severe forms, present an increased rate of cardiovascular mortality, myocardial infarction and stroke. However the pathophysiology of the relationship between psoriasis and cardiovascular risk and comorbidities has not yet completely known. Chronic inflammation may be considered a solid link between psoriasis and related cardiovascular events...
April 19, 2018: Giornale Italiano di Dermatologia e Venereologia: Organo Ufficiale, Società Italiana di Dermatologia e Sifilografia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29683231/association-between-information-provision-and-supportive-care-needs-among-ovarian-cancer-survivors-a-cross-sectional-study-from-the-profiles-registry
#19
Mark J A Rietveld, Olga Husson, M C Caroline Vos, Lonneke V van de Poll-Franse, P B Nelleke Ottevanger, Nicole P M Ezendam
OBJECTIVE: To examine the association between satisfaction with perceived information provision during diagnosis and treatment and supportive care needs in ovarian cancer survivors. METHODS: In 2012, women (n=348) diagnosed with ovarian cancer, as registered between 2000 and 2010 in the Netherlands Cancer Registry, received a questionnaire including questions on the perceived level of, and satisfaction with, information received (EORTC QLQ-INFO25) and supportive care needs (Cancer Survivors' Unmet Needs Measure)...
April 23, 2018: Psycho-oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29683227/risk-for-use-of-antidepressants-anxiolytics-and-hypnotics-in-partners-of-glioma-patients-a-nationwide-study-covering-19-years-of-prescriptions
#20
Maria R N Jansson, Annika B von Heymann-Horan, Birthe K Rasmussen, Vanna Albieri, Kirsten Frederiksen, Nis Suppli, Susanne O Dalton, Christoffer Johansen, Pernille E Bidstrup
OBJECTIVE: Suffering from malignant brain tumor is a stressful condition, for patients and their partners. In a retrospective cohort study using nationwide registries, we examined partners' risk for first use of antidepressants, anxiolytics, or hypnotics. METHODS: We followed all 4,373 partners of adults with glioma, diagnosed in 1998-2013 in Denmark and a cohort of 43,808 partners of glioma-free persons matched (1:10). In Cox proportional hazard models, we estimated hazard ratios (HRs) for a first prescription of psychotropic medications (antidepressants, anxiolytics, or hypnotics) according to the partner's glioma status...
April 23, 2018: Psycho-oncology
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