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Emotional Eating coping

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28399466/the-influence-of-childhood-polyvictimization-on-disordered-eating-symptoms-in-emerging-adulthood
#1
Amanda J Hasselle, Kathryn H Howell, Madeline Dormois, Laura E Miller-Graff
Children who endure multiple victimization experiences, or "polyvictims," are vulnerable to maladaptive outcomes. Yet, little research exists evaluating the relationship between childhood polyvictimization and disordered eating symptoms (DES) in emerging adulthood. The current study examines the relationship between childhood polyvictimization and DES in emerging adults. Data were collected from 288 participants across two universities using online self-report measures. Hierarchical regression analyses revealed a significant positive relationship between number of childhood victimization experiences and DES in young adulthood (ß=0...
April 8, 2017: Child Abuse & Neglect
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28365052/snacking-and-diet-quality-are-associated-with-the-coping-strategies-used-by-a-socioeconomically-diverse-urban-cohort-of-african-american-and-white-adults
#2
Marie Fanelli Kuczmarski, Nancy Cotugna, Ryan T Pohlig, May A Beydoun, Erica L Adams, Michele K Evans, Alan B Zonderman
BACKGROUND: Stress affects health-related quality of life through several pathways, including physiological processes and health behaviors. There is always a relationship between stress (the stimulus) and coping (the response). The relationship between snacking and snackers' diet quality and stress coping is a topic overlooked in research. OBJECTIVE: The study was primarily designed to determine whether energy provided by snacks and diet quality were associated with coping behaviors to manage stress...
March 29, 2017: Journal of the Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28329716/-i-ll-do-anything-to-maintain-my-health-how-women-aged-65-94-perceive-experience-and-cope-with-their-aging-bodies
#3
Erica V Bennett, Laura Hurd Clarke, Kent C Kowalski, Peter R E Crocker
We explored how physically active women perceived, experienced, and coped with their aging bodies, and examined their perceptions of the utility of self-compassion to manage aging body-related changes. Findings from a thematic analysis of interviews with 21 women aged 65-94 revealed that they were appreciative of how their bodies worked and accepting of their physical limitations, yet concurrently critical of their body's functionality and appearance. Participants engaged in physical activity and healthy eating to maintain their health and body functionality, yet also used diet, hair styling, anti-aging creams, makeup, physical activity, and clothing to manage their appearances...
March 19, 2017: Body Image
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28325101/-i-had-no-idea-what-a-complicated-business-eating-is%C3%A2-a-qualitative-study-of-the-impact-of-dysphagia-during-stroke-recovery
#4
Jennifer Moloney, Margaret Walshe
AIM: Persons with dysphagia following stroke may experience uncomfortable symptoms such as persistent coughing, choking and poor salivary management. They may also spend long periods of time unable to eat or drink or with restrictions on oral intake. Experiences of dysphagia post-stroke are richly described in unsolicited narratives such as autobiographies on the stroke event, which often include details of the author's journey through their stroke recovery. The aim of this study is to use autobiographical accounts to explore the experiences of those living with dysphagia following stroke...
March 21, 2017: Disability and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28211552/incidence-of-postpartum-depression-and-couple-relationship-quality
#5
Aleksandra Małus, Justyna Szyluk, Beata Galińska-Skok, Beata Konarzewska
OBJECTIVES: The childbirth constitutes a significant event in a woman's life and in the marital/ couple dyad. The changes which follow childbirth require re-organization of previous coping styles and development of new methods of adaptation, which proves difficult. The current study evaluated to what extent the development of postpartum depression symptoms in new mothers was associated with their level of satisfaction in marital relationship. METHODS: The study included 100 women in their first month after delivery...
December 23, 2016: Psychiatria Polska
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28186381/psychiatric-and-psychological-aspects-in-the-ehlers-danlos-syndromes
#6
REVIEW
Antonio Bulbena, Carolina Baeza-Velasco, Andrea Bulbena-Cabré, Guillem Pailhez, Hugo Critchley, Pradeep Chopra, Nuria Mallorquí-Bagué, Charissa Frank, Stephen Porges
There is increasing amount of evidence pointing toward a high prevalence of psychiatric conditions among individuals with hypermobile type of Ehlers-Danlos syndrome (JHS/hEDS). A literature review confirms a strong association between anxiety disorders and JHSh/hEDS, and there is also limited but growing evidence that JHSh/hEDS is also associated with depression, eating, and neuro-developmental disorders as well as alcohol and tobacco misuse. The underlying mechanisms behind this association include genetic risks, autonomic nervous system dysfunction, increased exteroceptive and interoceptive mechanisms and decreased proprioception...
March 2017: American Journal of Medical Genetics. Part C, Seminars in Medical Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28162895/the-brain-basis-for-misophonia
#7
Sukhbinder Kumar, Olana Tansley-Hancock, William Sedley, Joel S Winston, Martina F Callaghan, Micah Allen, Thomas E Cope, Phillip E Gander, Doris-Eva Bamiou, Timothy D Griffiths
Misophonia is an affective sound-processing disorder characterized by the experience of strong negative emotions (anger and anxiety) in response to everyday sounds, such as those generated by other people eating, drinking, chewing, and breathing [1-8]. The commonplace nature of these sounds (often referred to as "trigger sounds") makes misophonia a devastating disorder for sufferers and their families, and yet nothing is known about the underlying mechanism. Using functional and structural MRI coupled with physiological measurements, we demonstrate that misophonic subjects show specific trigger-sound-related responses in brain and body...
February 20, 2017: Current Biology: CB
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27936110/women-s-perceived-reasons-for-their-excessive-postpartum-weight-retention-a-qualitative-interview-study
#8
Anne Christenson, Eva Johansson, Signy Reynisdottir, Jarl Torgerson, Erik Hemmingsson
INTRODUCTION: Obesity in Sweden has doubled to 14% over the last 20 years. New strategies for treatment and prevention are needed. Excessive gestational weight gain has been found to contribute substantially to obesity, and there is a consistent association between postpartum weight retention and obesity later in life. We aimed to explore what factors women perceive as reasons for having substantial postpartum weight retention, to identify areas for new and improved interventions. METHODS: Qualitative interview study (semi-structured) using an emergent design...
2016: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27739190/an-integrative-bio-psycho-social-theory-of-anorexia-nervosa
#9
Calum Munro, Louise Randell, Stephen M Lawrie
The need for novel approaches to understanding and treating anorexia nervosa (AN) is well recognized. The aim of this paper is to describe an integrative bio-psycho-social theory of maintaining factors in AN. We took a triangulation approach to develop a clinically relevant theory with face validity and internal consistency. We developed theoretical ideas from our clinical practice and reviewed theoretical ideas within the eating disorders and wider bio-psycho-social literature. The synthesis of these ideas and concepts into a clinically meaningful framework is described here...
October 13, 2016: Clinical Psychology & Psychotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27685763/how-do-relatives-cope-with-eating-disorders-results-from-an-italian-multicentre-study
#10
Andrea Fiorillo, Gaia Sampogna, Mario Luciano, Valeria Del Vecchio, Umberto Volpe, Alessio Maria Monteleone, Antonella Bruni, Cristina Segura-Garcìa, Francesco Catapano, Palmiero Monteleone, Mario Maj
OBJECTIVE: This paper aims to: (1) describe coping strategies in relatives of patients with eating disorders (EDs); (2) analyze coping strategies according to the different EDs; (3) identify correlations between patients' clinical characteristics, relatives' socio-demographic characteristics and coping strategies. METHODS: Patients and their relatives consecutively attending three outpatient units for EDs at the Universities of Naples SUN, Salerno and Catanzaro were recruited...
September 29, 2016: International Journal of Eating Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27621677/the-elite-young-athlete-strategies-to-ensure-physical-and-emotional-health
#11
REVIEW
Todd M Sabato, Tanis J Walch, Dennis J Caine
This article presents a current review of the risk of physical and psychological injury associated with participation in elite youth sport, and suggests strategies to ensure the physical and emotional health of these young athletes. Although there is lack of epidemiological data, especially with regard to psychological injury, preliminary data suggest that the risk of injury is high in this population. While there is lack of incident and follow-up data, there is also concern regarding burnout, disordered eating, and the long-term consequences of injury...
2016: Open Access Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27611631/maladaptive-coping-in-adults-who-have-experienced-early-parental-loss-and-grief-counseling
#12
Beverley Lim Høeg, Charlotte W Appel, Annika B von Heymann-Horan, Kirsten Frederiksen, Christoffer Johansen, Per Bøge, Annemarie Dencker, Atle Dyregrov, Birgit B Mathiesen, Pernille E Bidstrup
This study compares maladaptive coping, measured as substance use, behavioral disengagement, self-blame, and emotional eating, among adults (>18 years) who have experienced early parental loss (N = 1465 women,N = 331 men) with non-bereaved controls (N = 515 women,N = 115 men). We also compared bereaved adults who received grief counseling (N = 822 women,N = 190 men) with bereaved controls who had not (N = 233 women,N = 66 men). Bereaved adults reported significantly more substance use, behavioral disengagement, and emotional eating than non-bereaved adults...
March 31, 2016: Journal of Health Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27567519/the-effects-of-parental-mental-health-and-social-emotional-coping-on-adolescent-eating-disorder-attitudes-and-behaviors
#13
Laura E Martinson, Christianne Esposito-Smythers, Dan V Blalock
This study examined whether social-emotional coping skills moderate the association between parental mental health symptoms and adolescent disordered eating attitudes and behaviors in a clinical sample of adolescents with internalizing and/or externalizing symptoms. Fifty-nine adolescent-parent dyads (N = 118 total participants) recruited from a metropolitan area in the Northeastern United States completed assessments at baseline and 12-month follow-up. Generally, higher parental depression and anxiety were only found to be associated with greater disordered eating attitudes and behaviors among adolescents who reported poorer (versus stronger) emotional awareness/expression skills and less (versus greater) ability to regulate emotions...
October 2016: Journal of Adolescence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27524888/coping-strategies-used-by-poorly-adherent-patients-for-self-managing-bipolar-disorder
#14
Carol Blixen, Jennifer B Levin, Kristin A Cassidy, Adam T Perzynski, Martha Sajatovic
BACKGROUND: Bipolar disorder (BD) is a chronic mental illness associated with reduced quality of life, high rates of suicide, and high financial costs. Evidence indicates that psychosocial stress might play an important role in the onset and course of BD. OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to address the gap between coping theory and the clinical use of coping strategies used to self-manage BD. METHODS: In-depth interviews were conducted with a sample of 21 poorly adherent patients with BD...
2016: Patient Preference and Adherence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27491068/effects-of-emotional-acceptance-and-rumination-on-media-induced-body-dissatisfaction-in-anorexia-and-bulimia-nervosa
#15
Eva Naumann, Brunna Tuschen-Caffier, Ulrich Voderholzer, Johanna Schäfer, Jennifer Svaldi
INTRODUCTION: Body dissatisfaction is an important risk and maintaining factor for eating disorders. The aim of the present study was to experimentally test the effects of two emotion regulation strategies - acceptance and rumination - on media-induced body dissatisfaction in eating disorders. METHOD: After watching pictures of thin models, women with anorexia nervosa (AN; n = 39) and bulimia nervosa (BN; n = 39) were encouraged to either use emotional acceptance or rumination to cope with their feelings...
November 2016: Journal of Psychiatric Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27484457/development-and-validation-of-the-self-regulation-of-eating-behaviour-questionnaire-for-adults
#16
Nathalie Kliemann, Rebecca J Beeken, Jane Wardle, Fiona Johnson
BACKGROUND: Eating self-regulatory capacity can help individuals to cope with the obesogenic environment and achieve, as well as maintain, a healthy weight and diet. At present, there is no comprehensive, reliable and valid questionnaire for assessing this capacity and measuring change in response to self-regulation interventions in adults. This paper reports the development of the Self-regulation of Eating Behaviour Questionnaire (SREBQ) for use in UK adults, and presents evidence for its reliability and construct validity...
August 2, 2016: International Journal of Behavioral Nutrition and Physical Activity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27458808/an-exploration-of-social-functioning-in-young-people-with-eating-disorders-a-qualitative-study
#17
Krisna Patel, Kate Tchanturia, Amy Harrison
Previous research indicates adults with eating disorders (EDs) report smaller social networks, and difficulties with social functioning, alongside demonstrating difficulties recognising and regulating emotions in social contexts. Concurrently, those recovered from the illness have discussed the vital role offered by social support and interaction in their recovery. To date, little is known about the social skills and social networks of adolescents with EDs and this study aimed to conduct focus groups to explore the social functioning of 17 inpatients aged 12-17...
2016: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27450701/uninvolved-maternal-feeding-style-moderates-the-association-of-emotional-overeating-to-preschoolers-body-mass-index-z-scores
#18
Maren Hankey, Natalie A Williams, Dipti Dev
OBJECTIVE: To examine the relation between preschoolers' eating behaviors and body mass index (BMI) z-scores (BMIz) and the moderating role of permissive parent feeding styles in these associations. DESIGN: Cross-sectional study involving mothers' report of food-related parenting styles and child eating behaviors. SETTING: Small city in southern Mississippi. PARTICIPANTS: Mother-preschooler dyads (n = 104). MAIN OUTCOME MEASURE: Child body BMIz...
September 2016: Journal of Nutrition Education and Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27432990/dynamic-neural-activity-during-stress-signals-resilient-coping
#19
Rajita Sinha, Cheryl M Lacadie, R Todd Constable, Dongju Seo
Active coping underlies a healthy stress response, but neural processes supporting such resilient coping are not well-known. Using a brief, sustained exposure paradigm contrasting highly stressful, threatening, and violent stimuli versus nonaversive neutral visual stimuli in a functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) study, we show significant subjective, physiologic, and endocrine increases and temporally related dynamically distinct patterns of neural activation in brain circuits underlying the stress response...
August 2, 2016: Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27425603/defensive-responses-to-early-memories-with-peers-a-possible-pathway-to-disordered-eating
#20
Cláudia Ferreira, Joana Marta-Simões, Inês A Trindade
Childhood and early adolescence experiences, specifically those that provide an adulthood enriched with warm and safe memories, are consistently stated in literature as powerful emotional regulators. In contrast, individuals who scarcely recall positive experiences may begin to believe that others see the self as inferior, inadequate and unattractive. In order to cope with a perceived loss of social desirability and achieve other's acceptance, individuals may become submissive, and women, particularly, may resort to the presentation of a perfect body image...
July 18, 2016: Spanish Journal of Psychology
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