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Emotional Eating coping

Calum Munro, Louise Randell, Stephen M Lawrie
: The need for novel approaches to understanding and treating anorexia nervosa (AN) is well recognized. The aim of this paper is to describe an integrative bio-psycho-social theory of maintaining factors in AN. We took a triangulation approach to develop a clinically relevant theory with face validity and internal consistency. We developed theoretical ideas from our clinical practice and reviewed theoretical ideas within the eating disorders and wider bio-psycho-social literature. The synthesis of these ideas and concepts into a clinically meaningful framework is described here...
October 13, 2016: Clinical Psychology & Psychotherapy
Andrea Fiorillo, Gaia Sampogna, Mario Luciano, Valeria Del Vecchio, Umberto Volpe, Alessio Maria Monteleone, Antonella Bruni, Cristina Segura-Garcìa, Francesco Catapano, Palmiero Monteleone, Mario Maj
OBJECTIVE: This paper aims to: (1) describe coping strategies in relatives of patients with eating disorders (EDs); (2) analyze coping strategies according to the different EDs; (3) identify correlations between patients' clinical characteristics, relatives' socio-demographic characteristics and coping strategies. METHODS: Patients and their relatives consecutively attending three outpatient units for EDs at the Universities of Naples SUN, Salerno and Catanzaro were recruited...
September 29, 2016: International Journal of Eating Disorders
Todd M Sabato, Tanis J Walch, Dennis J Caine
This article presents a current review of the risk of physical and psychological injury associated with participation in elite youth sport, and suggests strategies to ensure the physical and emotional health of these young athletes. Although there is lack of epidemiological data, especially with regard to psychological injury, preliminary data suggest that the risk of injury is high in this population. While there is lack of incident and follow-up data, there is also concern regarding burnout, disordered eating, and the long-term consequences of injury...
2016: Open Access Journal of Sports Medicine
Beverley Lim Høeg, Charlotte W Appel, Annika B von Heymann-Horan, Kirsten Frederiksen, Christoffer Johansen, Per Bøge, Annemarie Dencker, Atle Dyregrov, Birgit B Mathiesen, Pernille E Bidstrup
This study compares maladaptive coping, measured as substance use, behavioral disengagement, self-blame, and emotional eating, among adults (>18 years) who have experienced early parental loss (N = 1465 women,N = 331 men) with non-bereaved controls (N = 515 women,N = 115 men). We also compared bereaved adults who received grief counseling (N = 822 women,N = 190 men) with bereaved controls who had not (N = 233 women,N = 66 men). Bereaved adults reported significantly more substance use, behavioral disengagement, and emotional eating than non-bereaved adults...
March 31, 2016: Journal of Health Psychology
Laura E Martinson, Christianne Esposito-Smythers, Dan V Blalock
This study examined whether social-emotional coping skills moderate the association between parental mental health symptoms and adolescent disordered eating attitudes and behaviors in a clinical sample of adolescents with internalizing and/or externalizing symptoms. Fifty-nine adolescent-parent dyads (N = 118 total participants) recruited from a metropolitan area in the Northeastern United States completed assessments at baseline and 12-month follow-up. Generally, higher parental depression and anxiety were only found to be associated with greater disordered eating attitudes and behaviors among adolescents who reported poorer (versus stronger) emotional awareness/expression skills and less (versus greater) ability to regulate emotions...
October 2016: Journal of Adolescence
Carol Blixen, Jennifer B Levin, Kristin A Cassidy, Adam T Perzynski, Martha Sajatovic
BACKGROUND: Bipolar disorder (BD) is a chronic mental illness associated with reduced quality of life, high rates of suicide, and high financial costs. Evidence indicates that psychosocial stress might play an important role in the onset and course of BD. OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to address the gap between coping theory and the clinical use of coping strategies used to self-manage BD. METHODS: In-depth interviews were conducted with a sample of 21 poorly adherent patients with BD...
2016: Patient Preference and Adherence
Eva Naumann, Brunna Tuschen-Caffier, Ulrich Voderholzer, Johanna Schäfer, Jennifer Svaldi
INTRODUCTION: Body dissatisfaction is an important risk and maintaining factor for eating disorders. The aim of the present study was to experimentally test the effects of two emotion regulation strategies - acceptance and rumination - on media-induced body dissatisfaction in eating disorders. METHOD: After watching pictures of thin models, women with anorexia nervosa (AN; n = 39) and bulimia nervosa (BN; n = 39) were encouraged to either use emotional acceptance or rumination to cope with their feelings...
November 2016: Journal of Psychiatric Research
Nathalie Kliemann, Rebecca J Beeken, Jane Wardle, Fiona Johnson
BACKGROUND: Eating self-regulatory capacity can help individuals to cope with the obesogenic environment and achieve, as well as maintain, a healthy weight and diet. At present, there is no comprehensive, reliable and valid questionnaire for assessing this capacity and measuring change in response to self-regulation interventions in adults. This paper reports the development of the Self-regulation of Eating Behaviour Questionnaire (SREBQ) for use in UK adults, and presents evidence for its reliability and construct validity...
2016: International Journal of Behavioral Nutrition and Physical Activity
Krisna Patel, Kate Tchanturia, Amy Harrison
Previous research indicates adults with eating disorders (EDs) report smaller social networks, and difficulties with social functioning, alongside demonstrating difficulties recognising and regulating emotions in social contexts. Concurrently, those recovered from the illness have discussed the vital role offered by social support and interaction in their recovery. To date, little is known about the social skills and social networks of adolescents with EDs and this study aimed to conduct focus groups to explore the social functioning of 17 inpatients aged 12-17...
2016: PloS One
Maren Hankey, Natalie A Williams, Dipti Dev
OBJECTIVE: To examine the relation between preschoolers' eating behaviors and body mass index (BMI) z-scores (BMIz) and the moderating role of permissive parent feeding styles in these associations. DESIGN: Cross-sectional study involving mothers' report of food-related parenting styles and child eating behaviors. SETTING: Small city in southern Mississippi. PARTICIPANTS: Mother-preschooler dyads (n = 104). MAIN OUTCOME MEASURE: Child body BMIz...
September 2016: Journal of Nutrition Education and Behavior
Rajita Sinha, Cheryl M Lacadie, R Todd Constable, Dongju Seo
Active coping underlies a healthy stress response, but neural processes supporting such resilient coping are not well-known. Using a brief, sustained exposure paradigm contrasting highly stressful, threatening, and violent stimuli versus nonaversive neutral visual stimuli in a functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) study, we show significant subjective, physiologic, and endocrine increases and temporally related dynamically distinct patterns of neural activation in brain circuits underlying the stress response...
August 2, 2016: Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
Cláudia Ferreira, Joana Marta-Simões, Inês A Trindade
Childhood and early adolescence experiences, specifically those that provide an adulthood enriched with warm and safe memories, are consistently stated in literature as powerful emotional regulators. In contrast, individuals who scarcely recall positive experiences may begin to believe that others see the self as inferior, inadequate and unattractive. In order to cope with a perceived loss of social desirability and achieve other's acceptance, individuals may become submissive, and women, particularly, may resort to the presentation of a perfect body image...
2016: Spanish Journal of Psychology
Chisato Ohara, Gen Komaki, Zentaro Yamagata, Mari Hotta, Toshiko Kamo, Tetuya Ando
BACKGROUND: There are no studies about the caregiving burdens in families of patients with eating disorders in Japan, and only limited studies on the role of caregivers' stress coping, social support, and mental health. This study examines caregiving burdens, mental health conditions, and associated factors in caregivers of anorexia nervosa (AN) patients in Japan. METHODS: Seventy-nine principal caregivers (70 mothers, 5 fathers, 3 spouses and 1 grandmother; mean age 56...
2016: BioPsychoSocial Medicine
Shannon A McMahon, Lara S Ho, Hannah Brown, Laura Miller, Rashid Ansumana, Caitlin E Kennedy
Although research on the epidemiology and ecology of Ebola has expanded since the 2014-15 outbreak in West Africa, less attention has been paid to the mental health implications and the psychosocial context of the disease for providers working in primary health facilities (rather than Ebola-specific treatment units). This study draws on 54 qualitative interviews with 35 providers working in eight peripheral health units of Sierra Leone's Bo and Kenema Districts. Data collection started near the height of the outbreak in December 2014 and lasted 1 month...
November 2016: Health Policy and Planning
Sabrina J Schulte
OBJECTIVE: Binge eating is a health-risk behavior associated with obesity, eating disorders and many other diseases. However, binge eating research remains narrow especially in Arab countries where obesity is a primary health concern but studies on psychological factors of compulsive overeating are rare. The present study addressed this gap by examining prevalence rates and key predictors of binge eating among youths in the United Arab Emirates (UAE). METHOD: Binge eating was assessed together with stress levels, emotional eating, body-related shame and guilt, obsessive-compulsiveness and depression in 254 youths using standardized self-report measures...
October 1, 2016: Appetite
Catherine Ruscitti, Katrina Rufino, Natalie Goodwin, Rebecca Wagner
BACKGROUND: A defining characteristic of eating disorders (EDs) is difficulty with emotion regulation (ER). Previous research indicates that ED subtypes demonstrate differing ER difficulties. Specifically, individuals with Anorexia Nervosa (AN) or Bulimia Nervosa (BN) show greater impairment in their ability to regulate emotions in areas such as achieving goals while upset, reacting impulsively to distress, and effectively using coping strategies, as compared to those with Binge Eating Disorder (BED)...
2016: Borderline Personality Disorder and Emotion Dysregulation
Deborah L Young-Hyman, Claire M Peterson, Sarah Fischer, Jessica T Markowitz, Andrew B Muir, Lori M Laffel
This study evaluated the associations between depressive symptoms, emotion dysregulation and bulimic symptoms in youth with type 1 diabetes (T1D) in the context of the diagnosis and treatment of T1D. Study participants were 103 youth in 2 distinct groups: newly diagnosed (New) or transitioning to pump therapy (continuous subcutaneous insulin infusion [CSII]; "Pump"), who completed questionnaires regarding symptoms of depression, emotion dysregulation, and bulimia. Glycemic control (A1c), height, weight, and questionnaires were evaluated within 10 days of diagnosis (n = 58) or at education/clinic visit before starting insulin utilizing CSII (n = 45)...
July 2016: Journal of Diabetes Science and Technology
Andrea B Goldschmidt, Jason M Lavender, Alison E Hipwell, Stephanie D Stepp, Kate Keenan
The current study investigated concurrent and prospective associations between emotion-related constructs and loss of control (LOC) eating in adolescents. Community-based females (N = 588) completed annual self-report assessments of LOC eating, emotional awareness, emotion regulation strategies, and neuroticism from ages 16 to 18 years. Linear regressions and a regression-based multiple mediation model using bootstrapping were computed to examine the relationships among emotion-related constructs and LOC eating frequency...
April 4, 2016: Journal of Abnormal Child Psychology
Jaclyn A Saltzman, Janet M Liechty, Kelly K Bost, Barbara H Fiese
OBJECTIVE: Parents' emotion regulation difficulties are related to binge eating (BE), and to responses to children's negative emotion. However, less is known about how responses to children's negative emotion are related to eating and feeding in the parenting context. We examined the degree to which BE had both direct and indirect effects on parental restrictive feeding practices, through parents' reported responses to negative emotion. METHOD: Parents of preschoolers (n=441) completed validated questionnaires about their feeding strategies, responses to children's negative emotion, and their children's eating behaviors...
April 2016: Eating Behaviors
Edit Czeglédi
Overeating and physical inactivity are of great importance in the etiology of obesity. Psychological factors are often found in the background of life style. Chronic stress can contribute to physical inactivity and behaviors that hinder the keeping of a diet (e.g., irregular eating pattern, emotional eating). Results of randomized controlled trials show that relaxation can reduce emotional eating, improve cognitive restraint, and thereby reduce weight. However, stress management is more than relaxation. It consists of adaptive emotion-focused and problem-focused coping strategies and skills to improve relationships...
February 14, 2016: Orvosi Hetilap
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