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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29691872/a-study-of-the-pharmacokinetics-and-thromboxane-inhibitory-activity-of-a-single-intramuscular-dose-of-carprofen-as-a-means-to-establish-its-potential-use-as-an-analgesic-drug-in-white-rhinoceros
#1
M Leiberich, R Krebber, M Hewetson, J Marais, V Naidoo
The alleviation of pain and prevention of suffering are key aspects of animal welfare. Unfortunately, analgesic drugs are not available for all species. White rhinoceros (Ceratotherium simum), representing one of such species, which survive poaching attempts inflicted with severe facial injuries and gunshot wounds, nonetheless require analgesic support. To improve treatment conditions, this study explored the use of carprofen for the treatment of pain and inflammation in white rhinoceros. The pharmacokinetics of 1 mg/kg intramuscular carprofen was evaluated in six healthy white rhinoceros...
April 24, 2018: Journal of Veterinary Pharmacology and Therapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29684940/evaluation-of-total-nitrite-pattern-visualization-as-an-improved-method-for-gunshot-residue-detection-and-its-application-to-casework-samples
#2
Jason Berger, Colin Upton, Elyah Springer
Visualization of nitrite residues is essential in gunshot distance determination. Current protocols for the detection of nitrites include, among other tests, the Modified Griess Test (MGT). This method is limited as nitrite residues are unstable in the environment and limited to partially burned gunpowder. Previous research demonstrated the ability of alkaline hydrolysis to convert nitrates to nitrites, allowing visualization of unburned gunpowder particles using the MGT. This is referred to as Total Nitrite Pattern Visualization (TNV)...
April 23, 2018: Journal of Forensic Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29682053/penetrating-injury-to-cauda-equina-from-a-missile-fragment-completely-recovered-after-delayed-surgical-removal-of-ballistic-fragment
#3
Kamble Jayaprakash Harsha, Anu Thomas
Penetrating injuries to cauda equina due to missile fragment are rare. The mechanism of injury may be more complex due to thermal effect of missile fragment, apart from mechanisms described in penetrating gunshot injuries or stab injuries. We report a case of a 42-year-old male with penetrating missile injury to cauda equina, improved completely after delayed surgical exploration and removal of ballistic fragment. Furthermore, his bowel and bladder dysfunction improved completely within 1 week of neurosurgical exploration...
April 2018: Asian Journal of Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29679584/remember-the-vessels-craniofacial-fracture-predicts-risk-for-blunt-cerebrovascular-injury
#4
Elina Varjonen, Frank Bensch, Tuomo Pyhältö, Mika Koivikko, Johanna Snäll
PURPOSE: The risk factors for blunt cerebrovascular injuries (BCVIs) are currently under intensive research, yet it is still controversial who should be screened. This study aimed to determine whether craniofacial fractures are associated with BCVI. PATIENTS AND METHODS: This retrospective cohort study focused on patients with suspected polytrauma after whole-body computed tomographic angiography of the cervical arteries. Patients were reviewed for BCVI and craniofacial fractures...
March 28, 2018: Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29673819/a-review-of-the-treatment-of-gunshot-wounds-to-the-head-in-the-late-19-th-century
#5
REVIEW
Matthew Protas, Emre Yilmaz, Patel Ap, Joe Iwanaga, Rod J Oskouian, R Shane Tubbs
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 16, 2018: World Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29673140/euthanasia-of-cattle-practical-considerations-and-application
#6
REVIEW
Jan Keith Shearer
Acceptable methods for the euthanasia of cattle include overdose of an anesthetic, gunshot and captive bolt. The use of anesthetics for euthanasia is costly and complicates carcass disposal. These issues can be avoided by use of a physical method such as gunshot or captive bolt; however, each requires that certain conditions be met to assure an immediate loss of consciousness and death. For example, the caliber of firearm and type of bullet are important considerations when gunshot is used. When captive bolt is used, a penetrating captive bolt loaded with the appropriate powder charge and accompanied by a follow up (adjunctive) step to assure death are required...
April 17, 2018: Animals: An Open Access Journal From MDPI
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29669235/histological-observations-on-adipocere-in-human-remains-buried-for-21-years-at-the-toma%C3%A5-ica-grave-site-in-bosnia-and-herzegovina
#7
Adis Salihbegović, John Clark, Nermin Sarajlić, Svjetlana Radović, Finlay Finlay, Anes Jogunčić, Emina Spahić, Vedo Tuco
The Tomašica grave-site near Prijedor in the north of Bosnia is reported to be the largest primary mass grave discovered thus far relating to the 1992-95 war. A total of 275 complete bodies and 125 body parts were exhumed from it in 2013. Post mortem examinations of the victims showed that nearly all had died from gunshot injuries but an additional striking feature was the degree of preservation of many of the bodies, even 21 years on, with skin, soft tissues and internal organs still present in abundance and gross structures clearly identifiable...
April 18, 2018: Bosnian Journal of Basic Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29667639/-a-change-in-the-direction-of-the-wound-channel-in-the-case-of-the-combined-injury-inflicted-by-a-shot-from-the-9-0-mm-makarov-pistol
#8
A A Gusarov, I Yu Makarov, V A Fetisov
The authors present an example from the expert practice demonstrating the influence of such factors as the properties of the ammunition fired from a weapon (including its weight, size, shape, and speed) as well as the anatomical features of the body tissues being affected on the mechanism of formation of a gunshot wound in the human body. The investigation of the suicide of subject P. has demonstrated the penetrating bullet wound of the neck and the head. The entrance wound was located at the anterior neck surface and the exit one in the left half of the occipital region...
2018: Sudebno-meditsinskaia Ekspertiza
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29667607/blunt-abdominal-trauma-following-gunshot-wound-case-report-and-literature-review
#9
Myftar Torba, Arben Gjata, Francesco Rulli, Ilir Kajo, Sotir Ceka, Afron Mici
Blunt abdominal trauma following gunshot wound. Case report and literature review Introduction: Similarly to blast weapons, every firearm produces explosion at the moment of shooting, which can cause injuries in every region of the body. The aim of this paper is to present the mechanism of blunt abdominal injury following gunshot wounds, bringing this uncommon disease to the clinicians' attention and to review the literature available. CASE REPORT: A patient developed a delayed bowel perforation following a gunshot injury of the abdomen without breaking of the peritoneum...
April 20, 2018: Annali Italiani di Chirurgia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29665195/the-banner-of-hope-and-solidarity-after-mass-murder
#10
Shane M Summers
On November 5, 2017, Brooke Army Medical Center emergency department (ED) was faced with the unthinkable: the deadliest mass shooting in Texas history, where 26 souls lost their lives attending church services in Sutherland Springs. That Sunday morning our trauma center received eight gunshot wound victims, 2 of whom were minors. Without warning, our residents faced a situation that they had only read about in textbooks. The residents led the trauma resuscitations that day and did so brilliantly. This article is protected by copyright...
April 17, 2018: Academic Emergency Medicine: Official Journal of the Society for Academic Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29662732/institutional-review-of-hemorrhagic-pelvic-emergencies-effectively-managed-with-percutaneous-arterial-embolization
#11
Muhammad Azeemuddin, Raza Sayani, Nauman Turab, Syed M Mustahsan, Mohammad Hasan, Dawar B Khan, Fatima Mubarak
OBJECTIVE: Our aim was to review the results of pelvic arterial embolization (PAE) performed in the interventional radiology suite. METHOD: The data of all patients in whom pelvic angioembolization was performed was collected from July 2011 to June 2017. Procedures were performed by an experienced interventional radiologist. The clinical and laboratory data, as well as the outcome data, were obtained from the medical records of our hospital. The following parameters were collected for each patient, including the age, gender, presenting symptoms, site of bleeding, catheters used for embolization, material used for embolization, previous computed tomography (CT) scan and/or focused assessment with sonography for trauma (FAST) ultrasound, average hemoglobin before the procedure, and patient clinical status on discharge...
February 15, 2018: Curēus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29659947/pediatric-thoracic-trauma-in-iraq-and-afghanistan
#12
Ryan J Keneally, Cynthia H Shields, Albert Hsu, Howard I Prior, Kevin M Creamer
Introduction: The objective of this study is to review available data on pediatric thoracic trauma seen at U.S. military treatment facilities in Iraq and Afghanistan and describe the scope of injuries, patterns seen, and associated mortality. The results were compared with adults injured in Iraq and Afghanistan and other reports of pediatric thoracic trauma in the literature. Materials and Methods: The investigators received approval from the Uniformed Services University of the Health Sciences' institutional review board before the study...
April 6, 2018: Military Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29644530/a-posttraumatic-pseudoaneurysm-of-the-left-radial-artery-as-a-result-of-a-stab-wound-in-an-8-year-old-girl
#13
Goran Djuricic, Zorica Milosevic, Tijana Radovic, Ivana Dasic, Djordje Alempijevic, Jelena Sopta
Pseudoaneurysms arise from a disruption of arterial wall continuity and are most commonly related to a penetrating trauma, an arterial wall inflammation or iatrogenic causes. They differ from real aneurysms due to a lack of one or more layers of the arterial wall. The frequency of peripheral artery pseudoaneurysms in the upper extremities is less than in the lower extremities and its most common cause is a gunshot or a stab wound. The risk of a rupture is higher than in true aneurysms due to a lack of wall layers, therefore requiring surgical treatment in most cases...
April 11, 2018: Forensic Science, Medicine, and Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29644324/gunshot-wounds-to-the-buttock-and-contralateral-thigh-presenting-with-intestinal-injury-without-history-of-abdominal-trauma-case-report
#14
Makgabo John Tladi
We present a clinical case of a patient who sustained a gunshot wounds to his right buttock (entrance), left thigh (exit), and right thumb, as well as intestinal injuries without history of abdominal trauma. Initially the abdominal injuries were not recognised and the patient did not mention an injury to the abdomen. For this reason he was unfortunately admitted to the orthopaedic ward first for further treatment of his thumb injury.
June 2017: Trauma Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29644299/surgical-management-of-compartment-syndrome-and-the-gradual-closure-of-a-fasciotomy-wound-using-a-dermaclose-device
#15
Gregory C Manista, Andrew Dennis, Matthew Kaminsky
The immediate recognition and timely response of compartment syndrome due to damage caused by penetrating trauma has immense clinical outcomes. The following is a case report of a complicated fasciotomy in a 33-year-old male who suffered a gunshot wound to his left lower extremity and the surgical management leading to adequate limb salvage and recovery.
April 2018: Trauma Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29644284/primary-repair-of-a-delayed-presentation-thoracic-oesophageal-gunshot-injury-a-report-of-two-cases
#16
Takeshi Omura, Mohammed Asieri, Kirsten Bischof, Sharan Rambarran, Maeyane Stephens Moeng
Thoracic oesophageal gunshot injuries are uncommon, and the morbidity and mortality rates are extremely high and depend on the elapsed time, injury severity, and concomitant organ damage. Thus, early diagnosis is paramount to avoid delays, which in turn confer poorer outcomes. Current management strategies are still controversial and depend on the patient's physiologic state. We experienced two cases of thoracic oesophageal gunshot injury, both of whom were treated by primary repair and were successfully discharged...
December 2017: Trauma Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29644101/spinal-cord-injury-epidemiological-profile-in-the-sarah-network-of-rehabilitation-hospitals-a-brazilian-population-sample
#17
D C Barbetta, T R Smanioto, M F Poletto, Rfa Ferreira, Acg Lopes, F M Casaro, Acs Camargo, T O Ogashawara
Study design: Retrospective cross-sectional study. Objective: To describe the epidemiological profile of individuals with spinal cord injury (SCI), who visited the Sarah Network in 2014. Setting: Brazil, Brasília-Federal District. Methods: A review of the electronic medical records of persons with SCI, aged over 15 years, was carried out. Results: The medical records of 2076 persons were evaluated: 83% were male, the mean age was 31 years, 40% did not complete elementary school, 67...
2018: Spinal Cord Series and Cases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29621696/forensic-medical-aspects-of-femicide-in-jordan
#18
Hafsa O Ghanem Salameh, Rakiz J Salameh, Mohannad Shwaiki, Hasan Abder-Rahman
This study aims to highlight three types of femicide in Jordan - so-called 'honour killings', fatal intimate partner violence (IPV), and domestic violence committed by male family members other than the husband (DV) - and to compare them with the killing of women in non-gender related situations such as during a robbery. The autopsy reports of 100 adult female homicide victims dealt with at Jordan University Hospital in Amman during a 10-year period from 2006 to 2015 were reviewed. Based on information contained in the police reports they were assigned to one of four categories...
March 28, 2018: Journal of Forensic and Legal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29613947/nationwide-trends-in-mortality-following-penetrating-trauma-are-we-up-for-the-challenge
#19
Joseph V Sakran, Ambar Mehta, Ryan Fransman, Avery B Nathens, Bellal Joseph, Alistair Kent, Elliott R Haut, David T Efron
OBJECTIVES: Despite a focus on improved pre-hospital care, penetrating injuries contribute substantially to trauma mortality in the United States (U.S.). We therefore analyzed contemporary trends in pre-hospital mortality from penetrating trauma in the past decade. METHODS: We identified patients in the The National Trauma Data Bank from 2007-2010 ('early period') and 2011-2014 ('late period') with gunshot (GSW) and stab wounds (SW), who were treated at hospitals that recorded dead-on-arrival statistics...
April 3, 2018: Journal of Trauma and Acute Care Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29609973/the-burden-of-gunshot-wounding-of-uk-military-personnel-in-iraq-and-afghanistan-from-2003-14
#20
T Stevenson, D J Carr, J G Penn-Barwell, T J Ringrose, S A Stapley
INTRODUCTION: Gunshot wounding (GSW) is the second most common mechanism of injury in warfare after explosive injury. The aim of this study was to define the clinical burden of GSW placed on UK forces throughout the recent Iraq and Afghanistan conflicts. METHODS: This study was a retrospective review of data from the UK Military Joint Theatre Trauma Registry (JTTR). A JTTR search identified records within the 12 year period of conflict between 19 Mar 2003 and 27 Oct 2014 of all UK military GSW casualties sustained during the complete timelines of both conflicts...
March 27, 2018: Injury
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