Read by QxMD icon Read


Jessica Tardif, Annabelle Pratte, Anne-Marie Laberge
A pilot population-based carrier screening program started in 2010 in the Saguenay-Lac-Saint-Jean region of Quebec, Canada for four recessive diseases with local founder effects (tyrosinemia type I, ARSACS, congenital lactic acidosis, and Andermann syndrome). OBJECTIVES: Describe the experience of carrier couples identified through this program. METHODS: Semi-structured interviews were performed with carrier couples. Thematic analysis of interview transcripts was done to identify emerging themes...
April 18, 2017: Prenatal Diagnosis
Hung Tien Bui, Cynthia Gagnon, Olivier Audet, Jean Mathieu, Mario Leone
INTRODUCTION: Autosomal recessive spastic ataxia of Charlevoix/Saguenay (ARSACS) is a neuromuscular disorder that induces spasticity in lower limbs. The Wartenberg pendulum test is a classical method of assessing lower limb spasticity based on the dynamics of the pendular leg motion. However, in its original form, this test only provides subjective results and do not allow accurate assessment of spasticity. METHODS: Thirteen ARSACS patients were assessed using a new wireless electrogoniometer to measure spasticity by quantifying oscillation amplitudes and relaxation indices during the Wartenburg pendulum test...
April 15, 2017: Journal of the Neurological Sciences
W Richard Bevan-Jones, Ajenthan Surendranathan, Luca Passamonti, Patricia Vázquez Rodríguez, Robert Arnold, Elijah Mak, Li Su, Jonathan P Coles, Tim D Fryer, Young T Hong, Guy Williams, Franklin Aigbirhio, James B Rowe, John T O'Brien
INTRODUCTION: Inflammation of the central nervous system is increasingly regarded as having a role in cognitive disorders such as dementia and depression, but it is not clear how such inflammation relates to other aspects of neuropathology, structural and functional changes in the brain and symptoms (as assessed via clinical and neuropsychological assessment and MRI). This study will explore these pathophysiological mechanisms using positron emission tomography (PET) which allows in vivo imaging of inflammation, amyloid and τ deposition, together with neuropsychological profiling, MRI and peripheral biomarker analysis...
January 7, 2017: BMJ Open
María Dolores Castillo-Bueno, Josefa Patricia Moreno-Pina, Maria Angeles Castaño-Molina, Marta González-Sánchez, Isabel García-Arsac
The objective of this review is to synthesize the best available evidence on the effectiveness of non-pharmacological interventions for the prevention and management of psychological and social morbidity in women who have an elective abortion.The specific review question that will be addressed is: In women (aged 13 years or more) with unwanted pregnancies who decide to have an elective abortion, which non-pharmacological interventions should be provided before, during and after the elective abortion procedure both in community and hospital environments to prevent and manage psychological and social morbidity?...
December 2016: JBI Database of Systematic Reviews and Implementation Reports
Johanna Palmio, Mikko Kärppä, Peter Baumann, Sini Penttilä, Jukka Moilanen, Bjarne Udd
Autosomal recessive spastic ataxia of Charlevoix-Saguenay is a rare disorder outside Quebec causing childhood-onset cerebellar ataxia, peripheral neuropathy, and pyramidal tract signs. A Finnish family with milder form of ARSACS was found to harbor three mutations, p.E1100K, p.N1489S, and p.M1359T, in SACS gene. The mutations segregated with the disease.
December 2016: Clinical Case Reports
Zafar Ali, Joakim Klar, Mohammad Jameel, Kamal Khan, Ambrin Fatima, Raili Raininko, Shahid Baig, Niklas Dahl
We describe eight subjects from two consanguineous families segregating with autosomal recessive childhood onset spastic ataxia, peripheral neuropathy and intellectual disability. The degree of intellectual disability varied from mild to severe and all four affected individuals in one family developed aggressive behavior and epilepsy. Using exome sequencing, we identified two novel truncating mutations (c.2656C>T (p.Gln886*)) and (c.4756_4760delAATCA (p.Asn1586Tyrfs*3)) in the SACS gene responsible for autosomal recessive spastic ataxia of Charlevoix-Saguenay (ARSACS)...
December 15, 2016: Journal of the Neurological Sciences
Michel van Lint, Kristien Hoornaert, Marcel P M Ten Tusscher
PURPOSE: Two Caucasian Belgian families were diagnosed with autosomal recessive spastic ataxia of Charlevoix-Saguenay (ARSACS). The ophthalmological findings in both ARSACS disease and carriers are described. METHODS: In addition to a complete ophthalmological assessment, in both patients and carriers, spectral-domain Optical Coherence Tomography scans of the peri-papillary retinal nerve fiber layer were performed. RESULTS: Molecular analysis revealed a missense mutation which has not been reported before...
November 15, 2016: Journal of the Neurological Sciences
Veronique Deschodt-Arsac, Laurent Arsac, Julie Magat, Jerome Naulin, Bruno Quesson, Pierre Dos Santos
INTRODUCTION: Gradual alterations in cardiac energy balance, as assessed by the myocardial PCr/ATP-ratio, are frequently associated with the development of cardiac disease. Despite great interest for the follow-up of myocardial PCr and ATP content, cardiac MR-spectroscopy in rat models in vivo is challenged by sensitivity issues and cross-contamination from other organs. METHODS: Here we combined MR-Imaging and MR-Spectroscopy (Bruker BioSpec 9.4T) to follow-up for the first time in vivo the cardiac energy balance in the SHR, a genetic rat model of cardiac hypertrophy known to develop early disturbances in cytosolic calcium dynamics...
2016: PloS One
Victoria Girard, Sandrine Mailler, Martin Welker, Maud Arsac, Béatrice Cellière, Pierre-Jean Cotte-Pattat, Sonia Chatellier, Géraldine Durand, Anne-Marie Béni, Jacques Schrenzel, Elizabeth Miller, Rahima Dussoulier, W Michael Dunne, Susan Butler-Wu, Michael A Saubolle, Den Sussland, Melissa Bell, Alex van Belkum, Parampal Deol
Identification of microorganisms by MALDI-TOF MS has been widely accepted in clinical microbiology. However, for Mycobacterium spp. and Nocardia spp. such identification has not yet reached the optimal level of routine testing. Here we describe the development of an identification tool for 49 and 15 species of Mycobacterium spp. and Nocardia spp., respectively. During database construction, a number of ambiguous reference identifications were revealed and corrected via molecular analyses. Eventually, more than 2000 individual mass spectra acquired from 494 strains were included in a reference database and subjected to bio-statistical analyses...
November 2016: Diagnostic Microbiology and Infectious Disease
C Tranchant, M Anheim
Mitochondrial diseases (MIDs) are a large group of heterogeneous disorders due to mutations in either mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA) or nuclear DNA (nDNA) genes, the latter encoding proteins involved in mitochondrial function. A multisystem clinical picture that involves several organs, including both the peripheral and central nervous systems, is a common presentation of MID. Movement disorders, even isolated ones, are not rare. Cerebellar ataxia is common in myoclonic epilepsy with ragged red fibers (MERFF) due to mutations in the mitochondrial transfer RNA (tRNA) lysine gene, in Kearns-Sayre syndrome due to mtDNA deletions, in sensory ataxic neuropathy with dysarthria and ophthalmoplegia (SANDO) due to nuclear POLG1 gene mutations, and also in ARCA2, Friedreich's ataxia, SPG7, SCA28 and autosomal-recessive spastic ataxia of Charlevoix-Saguenay (ARSACS) due to mutations in nuclear genes involved in mitochondrial morphology or function...
August 2016: Revue Neurologique
Fábio A Nascimento, Laura Canafoglia, Danah Aljaafari, Mikko Muona, Anna-Elina Lehesjoki, Samuel F Berkovic, Silvana Franceschetti, Danielle M Andrade
Pathogenic variants in the SACS gene (OMIM #604490) cause autosomal recessive spastic ataxia of Charlevoix-Saguenay (ARSACS). ARSACS is a neurodegenerative early-onset progressive disorder, originally described in French Canadians, but later observed elsewhere.(1) Whole-exome sequencing of a large group of patients with unclassified progressive myoclonus epilepsies (PMEs) identified 2 patients bearing SACS gene mutations.(2) We detail the PME clinical features associated with SACS mutations and suggest the inclusion of the SACS gene in diagnostic screening of PMEs...
August 2016: Neurology. Genetics
Christine M Armour, Amanda Smith, Taila Hartley, Jodi Warman Chardon, Sarah Sawyer, Jeremy Schwartzentruber, Raoul Hennekam, Jacek Majewski, Dennis E Bulman, Mohnish Suri, Kym M Boycott
In 1987 Fitzsimmons and Guilbert described identical male twins with progressive spastic paraplegia, brachydactyly with cone shaped epiphyses, short stature, dysarthria, and "low-normal" intelligence. In subsequent years, four other patients, including one set of female identical twins, a single female child, and a single male individual were described with the same features, and the eponym Fitzsimmons syndrome was adopted (OMIM #270710). We performed exome analysis of the patient described in 2009, and one of the original twins from 1987, the only patients available from the literature...
July 2016: American Journal of Medical Genetics. Part A
L Liu, X B Li, X H Zi, L Shen, Zh M Hu, Sh X Huang, D L Yu, H B Li, K Xia, B S Tang, R X Zhang
The array of autosomal recessive spastic ataxia of Charlevoix-Saguenay (ARSACS) has expanded worldwide after the first description in the Charlevoix-Saguenay region of Québec. Here, we report a Chinese ARSACS patient presenting progressive peripheral neuropathy (CMTNS2=15) with horizontal gaze nystagmus and mild spastic gait. Genetic studies including whole exome sequencing (WES), Sanger sequencing and single nucleotide polymorphism (SNP) array analysis revealed a novel hemizygous nonsense mutation (c.11803C>T, p...
March 15, 2016: Journal of the Neurological Sciences
Christopher T Shah, Tyson S Ward, Julie A Matsumoto, Yevgeniy Shildkrot
A 14-year-old boy presented with a presumed diagnosis of autosomal recessive spastic ataxia of Charlevoix-Saguenay (ARSACS). The neurological examination, nerve conduction study, and brain imaging results were all consistent with the diagnosis. The ophthalmologic examination was notable for a prominent myelinated nerve fiber layer extending from the disk along the major temporal arcades in both eyes. Loss of foveal depression was noted clinically and on spectral domain optical coherence tomography. This case highlights a novel finding that may aid in the diagnosis of ARSACS...
February 2016: Journal of AAPOS: the Official Publication of the American Association for Pediatric Ophthalmology and Strabismus
Chiara Criscuolo, C Procaccini, M C Meschini, A Cianflone, R Carbone, S Doccini, D Devos, C Nesti, I Vuillaume, M Pellegrino, A Filla, G De Michele, G Matarese, F M Santorelli
Autosomal recessive spastic ataxia of Charlevoix-Saguenay (ARSACS) is a neurodegenerative disease due to mutations in SACS, which encodes sacsin, a protein localized on the mitochondrial surface and possibly involved in mitochondrial dynamics. In view of the possible mitochondrial involvement of sacsin, we investigated mitochondrial activity at functional and molecular level in skin fibroblasts obtained from ARSACS patients. We observed remarkable bioenergetic damage in ARSACS cells, as indicated by reduced basal, adenosine triphosphate (ATP)-linked and maximal mitochondrial respiration rate, and by reduced respiratory chain activities and mitochondrial ATP synthesis...
December 2015: Journal of Neurology
Xinlu Li, Marie Ménade, Guennadi Kozlov, Zheping Hu, Zheng Dai, Peter S McPherson, Bernard Brais, Kalle Gehring
Sacsin is a large protein implicated in the neurodevelopmental and neurodegenerative disease autosomal recessive spastic ataxia of Charlevoix-Saguenay (ARSACS), which features the loss of Purkinje neurons in the cerebellum. Although the domain architecture of sacsin suggests that it is a neuronal chaperone assisting in protein quality control, the precise function of sacsin remains elusive. Using fluorescence polarization (FP) assays, we confirmed that the HEPN domain of sacsin binds to nucleotides with low micromolar affinities...
2015: PloS One
Julie Pilliod, Sébastien Moutton, Julie Lavie, Elise Maurat, Christophe Hubert, Nadège Bellance, Mathieu Anheim, Sylvie Forlani, Fanny Mochel, Karine N'Guyen, Christel Thauvin-Robinet, Christophe Verny, Dan Milea, Gaëtan Lesca, Michel Koenig, Diana Rodriguez, Nada Houcinat, Julien Van-Gils, Christelle M Durand, Agnès Guichet, Magalie Barth, Dominique Bonneau, Philippe Convers, Elisabeth Maillart, Lucie Guyant-Marechal, Didier Hannequin, Guillaume Fromager, Alexandra Afenjar, Sandra Chantot-Bastaraud, Stéphanie Valence, Perrine Charles, Patrick Berquin, Caroline Rooryck, Julie Bouron, Alexis Brice, Didier Lacombe, Rodrigue Rossignol, Giovanni Stevanin, Giovanni Benard, Lydie Burglen, Alexandra Durr, Cyril Goizet, Isabelle Coupry
OBJECTIVE: Autosomal recessive spastic ataxia of Charlevoix-Saguenay (ARSACS) is caused by mutations in the SACS gene. SACS encodes sacsin, a protein whose function remains unknown, despite the description of numerous protein domains and the recent focus on its potential role in the regulation of mitochondrial physiology. This study aimed to identify new mutations in a large population of ataxic patients and to functionally analyze their cellular effects in the mitochondrial compartment...
December 2015: Annals of Neurology
Lubov Blumkin, Teisha Bradshaw, Marina Michelson, Tal Kopler, Dvir Dahari, Tally Lerman-Sagie, Dorit Lev, J Paul Chapple, Esther Leshinsky-Silver
BACKGROUND: ARSACS (autosomal-recessive spastic ataxia of Charlevoix-Saguenay) is a neurodegenerative disorder caused by SACS gene mutations and characterized by a triad of symptoms: early-onset cerebellar ataxia, spasticity and peripheral neuropathy. A characteristic retinal nerve fiber hypertrophy has been reported in several individuals with ARSACS. METHODS: We describe a patient with a unique clinical presentation of ataxia, nystagmus, dysarthria, hearing impairment, and retinal degeneration...
July 2015: European Journal of Paediatric Neurology: EJPN
Philippe Diolez, Véronique Deschodt-Arsac, Guillaume Calmettes, Gilles Gouspillou, Laurent Arsac, Pierre Dos Santos, Pierre Jais, Michel Haissaguerre
The more recent studies of human pathologies have essentially revealed the complexity of the interactions involved at the different levels of integration in organ physiology. Integrated organ thus reveals functional properties not predictable by underlying molecular events. It is therefore obvious that current fine molecular analyses of pathologies should be fruitfully combined with integrative approaches of whole organ function. It follows an important issue in the comprehension of the link between molecular events in pathologies, and whole organ function/dysfunction is the development of new experimental strategies aimed at the study of the integrated organ physiology...
2015: Methods in Molecular Biology
Patricia Reant, Amelie Reynaud, Xavier Pillois, Marina Dijos, Florence Arsac, Cecile Touche, Mathieu Landelle, Caroline Rooryck, Raymond Roudaut, Stephane Lafitte
BACKGROUND: Both resting echocardiography and exercise echocardiography produce variables predictive of outcomes in patients with hypertrophic cardiomyopathy (HCM). The aim of the present study was to compare the respective value of resting and exercise echocardiographic parameters as indicators of clinical outcomes in patients with HCM. METHODS: Resting and exercise echocardiography was performed prospectively in patients with HCM evaluated at the HCM Competence Center of Bordeaux and followed up every 6 months...
February 2015: Journal of the American Society of Echocardiography
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"