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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29284521/exercise-intervention-for-unilateral-amputees-with-low-back-pain-study-protocol-for-a-randomised-controlled-trial
#1
Joseph G Wasser, Daniel C Herman, MaryBeth Horodyski, Jason L Zaremski, Brady Tripp, Phillip Page, Kevin R Vincent, Heather K Vincent
BACKGROUND: Atraumatic lower limb amputation is a life-changing event for approximately 185,000 persons in the United States each year. A unilateral amputation is associated with rapid changes to the musculoskeletal system including leg and back muscle atrophy, strength loss, gait asymmetries, differential mechanical joint loading and leg length discrepancies. Even with high-quality medical care and prostheses, amputees still develop secondary musculoskeletal conditions such as chronic low back pain (LBP)...
December 29, 2017: Trials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29235170/scaling-up-integrated-early-childhood-development-programs-lessons-from-four-countries
#2
R Pérez-Escamilla, V Cavallera, M Tomlinson, T Dua
BACKGROUND: There is still limited knowledge regarding the translation of early child development (ECD) knowledge into effective policies and large-scale programmes. A variety of frameworks that outline the key steps in scaling up exist, but we argue that taking a complex adaptive systems (CAS) approach assists in understanding the complex, dynamic processes that result in programmes being taken to scale. OBJECTIVES: The objective of this study is to examine the process of scaling up four major country-level ECD programmes through the application of a CAS framework...
January 2018: Child: Care, Health and Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29228510/left-behind-and-left-out-the-impact-of-the-school-environment-on-young-people-with-continence-problems
#3
Katie Whale, Helen Cramer, Carol Joinson
OBJECTIVES: To explore the impact of the secondary school environment on young people with continence problems. DESIGN: In-depth qualitative semi-structured interviews. METHODS: We interviewed 20 young people aged 11-19 years (11 female and nine male) with continence problems (daytime wetting, bedwetting, and/or soiling). Interviews were conducted by Skype (n = 11) and telephone (n = 9). Transcripts were analysed using inductive thematic analysis...
December 11, 2017: British Journal of Health Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29185380/-we-don-t-even-have-wi-fi-a-descriptive-study-exploring-current-use-and-availability-of-communication-technologies-in-residential-aged-care
#4
Wendy Moyle, Cindy Jones, Jenny Murfield, Toni Dwan, Tamara Ownsworth
BACKGROUND: There has been significant growth in digital, robotic, and web-based technologies to aid communication between residents living in residential aged care facilities and their family and friends. However, it is unknown to what extent care practices within facilities accommodate such technologies. AIM: To explore the use and availability of communication technologies for use by residents within residential aged care facilities in Queensland, Australia, as reported by facility staff...
November 29, 2017: Contemporary Nurse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29173102/mokey-a-versatile-exergame-creator-for-everyday-usage
#5
Martina Eckert, Marcos López, Carlos Lázaro, Juan Meneses
Currently, virtual applications for physical exercises are highly appreciated as rehabilitation instruments. This paper presents a middleware called "MoKey" (Motion Keyboard), which converts standard off-the-shelf software into exergames (exercise games). A configurable set of gestures, captured by a motion capture camera, is translated into the key strokes required by the chosen software. The present study assessed the tool regarding usability and viability on a heterogeneous group of 11 participants, aged 5-51, with moderate to severe disabilities, and mostly bound to a wheelchair...
November 27, 2017: Assistive Technology: the Official Journal of RESNA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29130296/supporting-dietitians-to-work-in-aboriginal-health-qualitative-evaluation-of-a-community-of-practice-mentoring-circle
#6
Annabelle M Wilson, Robyn Delbridge, Claire Palermo
AIM: This paper explores the experience of dietitians participating in a Community of Practice designed to support their work with Aboriginal communities. METHODS: The Community of Practice for dietitians working with Aboriginal communities ran for 12 months, starting in May 2014. Six-weekly mentoring sessions were held using Skype, with conversation aided by a facilitator. In-depth, semi-structured interviews were held with all participants at the conclusion of the Community of Practice...
November 2017: Nutrition & Dietetics: the Journal of the Dietitians Association of Australia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29128303/the-mountain-of-health-the-perceptions-and-perceived-expectations-of-youth-living-with-type-2-diabetes-in-winnipeg-manitoba-canada-through-a-grounded-theory-study
#7
Elizabeth Huynh
OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to explore youth's perceptions of diabetes management. METHODS: The study included 8 Manitoban youth with type 2 diabetes (n=7 girls). Each youth participated in a semistructured interview in person, via Skype or over the phone. The constructivist grounded theory methodologic approach guided the analysis of the data. RESULTS: Discussions about diabetes and health and its management revealed 2 viewpoints: 1) youth's perceptions and 2) youth's perceptions of health-care providers' expectations...
November 8, 2017: Canadian Journal of Diabetes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29096775/randomized-clinical-trial-of-online-parent-training-for-behavior-problems-after-early-brain-injury
#8
Shari L Wade, Amy E Cassedy, Emily L Shultz, Huaiyu Zang, Nanhua Zhang, Michael W Kirkwood, Terry Stancin, Keith O Yeates, H Gerry Taylor
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the effectiveness of Internet-based Interacting Together Everyday: Recovery After Childhood TBI (I-InTERACT) versus abbreviated parent training (Express) or access to online resources (internet resources comparison [IRC]) in improving parenting skills and decreasing behavior problems after early traumatic brain injury (TBI). METHOD: In this randomized, controlled, clinical trial, 113 children 3 to 9 years old previously hospitalized for moderate to severe TBI were randomly assigned to receive Express (n = 36), I-InTERACT (n = 39), or IRC (n = 38)...
November 2017: Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29096771/jack-fell-down-and-broke-his-crown-not-unusual-and-so-why-the-skype
#9
EDITORIAL
Jeffrey E Max
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 2017: Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29042374/-what-does-that-mean-a-qualitative-exploration-of-the-primary-and-secondary-clinical-care-experiences-of-young-people-with-continence-problems-in-the-uk
#10
Katie Whale, Helen Cramer, Anne Wright, Caroline Sanders, Carol Joinson
OBJECTIVES: To explore the clinical care experiences of young people with continence problems. DESIGN: In-depth semistructured qualitative interviews were conducted by Skype and telephone, with the addition of art-based participatory research techniques. Transcripts were analysed using inductive thematic analysis. SETTING: Primary and secondary care in the UK. PARTICIPANTS: We interviewed 20 participants (9 females, 11 males) aged 11-20 years...
October 16, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28992611/co-viewing-supports-toddlers-word-learning-from-contingent-and-noncontingent-video
#11
Gabrielle A Strouse, Georgene L Troseth, Katherine D O'Doherty, Megan M Saylor
Social cues are one way young children determine that a situation is pedagogical in nature-containing information to be learned and generalized. However, some social cues (e.g., contingent gaze and responsiveness) are missing from prerecorded video, a potential reason why toddlers' language learning from video can be inefficient compared with their learning directly from a person. This study explored two methods for supporting children's word learning from video by adding social-communicative cues. A sample of 88 30-month-olds began their participation with a video training phase...
February 2018: Journal of Experimental Child Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28974463/homecare-robots-to-improve-health-and-well-being-in-mild-cognitive-impairment-and-early-stage-dementia-results-from%C3%A2-a%C3%A2-scoping-study
#12
Margot Darragh, Ho Seok Ahn, Bruce MacDonald, Amy Liang, Kathryn Peri, Ngaire Kerse, Elizabeth Broadbent
OBJECTIVES: This scoping study is the first step of a multiphase, international project aimed at designing a homecare robot that can provide functional support, track physical and psychological well-being, and deliver therapeutic intervention specifically for individuals with mild cognitive impairment. DESIGN: Observational requirements gathering study. PARTICIPANTS AND SETTINGS: Semistructured interviews were conducted with 3 participant groups: (1) individuals with memory challenges, mild cognitive impairment (MCI), or mild dementia (patients; n = 9); (2) carers of those with MCI or dementia (carers; n = 8); and (3) those with expertise in MCI or dementia research, clinical care, or management (experts; n = 16)...
September 30, 2017: Journal of the American Medical Directors Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28944595/transition-care-in-anorexia-nervosa-through-guidance-online-from-peer-and-carer-expertise-triangle-study-protocol-for-a-randomised-controlled-trial
#13
Valentina Cardi, Suman Ambwani, Emily Robinson, Gaia Albano, Pamela MacDonald, Viviana Aya, Katie Rowlands, Gill Todd, Ulrike Schmidt, Sabine Landau, Jon Arcelus, Jennifer Beecham, Janet Treasure
TRIANGLE is a multicentre trial investigating whether the addition of a novel intervention for patients and carers (ECHOMANTRA) to treatment as usual (TAU) improves outcomes for people with anorexia nervosa (AN). ECHOMANTRA is based on the cognitive interpersonal model of AN and includes assessments, workbooks, videos, online groups and joint Skype sessions for patients and carers. People receiving intensive hospital treatment (N = 380) will be randomised to TAU or TAU plus ECHOMANTRA. Participants will be assessed over an 18-month period following randomisation...
November 2017: European Eating Disorders Review: the Journal of the Eating Disorders Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28882188/unifying-a-fragmented-effort-a-qualitative-framework-for-improving-international-surgical-teaching-collaborations
#14
Parisa Nicole Fallah, Mark Bernstein
BACKGROUND: Access to adequate surgical care is limited globally, particularly in low- and middle-income countries (LMICs). To address this issue, surgeons are becoming increasingly involved in international surgical teaching collaborations (ISTCs), which include educational partnerships between surgical teams in high-income countries and those in LMICs. The purpose of this study is to determine a framework for unifying, systematizing, and improving the quality of ISTCs so that they can better address the global surgical need...
September 7, 2017: Globalization and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28868993/stakeholder-involvement-throughout-health-technology-assessment-an-example-from-palliative-care
#15
Louise Brereton, Philip Wahlster, Kati Mozygemba, Kristin Bakke Lysdahl, Jake Burns, Stephanie Polus, Marcia Tummers, Pietro Refolo, Dario Sacchini, Wojciech Leppert, James Chilcott, Christine Ingleton, Clare Gardiner, Elizabeth Goyder
OBJECTIVES: Internationally, funders require stakeholder involvement throughout health technology assessment (HTA). We report successes, challenges, and lessons learned from extensive stakeholder involvement throughout a palliative care case study that demonstrates new concepts and methods for HTA. METHODS: A 5-step "INTEGRATE-HTA Model" developed within the INTEGRATE-HTA project guided the case study. Using convenience or purposive sampling or directly / indirectly identifying and approaching individuals / groups, stakeholders participated in qualitative research or consultation meetings...
September 4, 2017: International Journal of Technology Assessment in Health Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28854718/single-fathers-by-choice-using-surrogacy-why-men-decide-to-have-a-child-as-a-single-parent
#16
Nicola Carone, Roberto Baiocco, Vittorio Lingiardi
STUDY QUESTION: Why do men decide to have a child by surrogacy as a single parent? SUMMARY ANSWER: Reasons included feeling that it was the right time (i.e. having 'worked through' concerns about single parenthood; career and financial stability; a fear of getting older; no longer wanting to wait for the 'right' relationship), external encouragement, a desire to reproduce and a fear of separation/divorce. WHAT IS KNOWN ALREADY: Because no research has been conducted on single fathers who used surrogacy, their characteristics, motivations and experiences are unknown...
September 1, 2017: Human Reproduction
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28797309/aging-well-on-the-autism-spectrum-the-perspectives-of-autistic-adults-and-carers
#17
Ye In Jane Hwang, Kitty-Rose Foley, Julian N Trollor
BACKGROUND: "Aging well" is an increasingly popular concept in gerontology. Adults with disabilities such as autism spectrum disorder represent a demographically substantial population, yet remain excluded from existing conceptualizations of aging well. This qualitative study aimed to explore what it means for autistic adults to "age well" from the perspectives of autistic adults and carers. METHODS: Twenty-four semi-structured interviews were conducted with 15 autistic adults (mean age 50...
August 11, 2017: International Psychogeriatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28727927/technology-components-as-adjuncts-to-family-based-pediatric-obesity-treatment-in-low-income-minority-youth
#18
Gina L Tripicchio, Alice S Ammerman, Cody Neshteruk, Myles S Faith, Kelsey Dean, Christie Befort, Dianne S Ward, Kimberly P Truesdale, Kyle S Burger, Ann Davis
BACKGROUND: Strategies to treat pediatric obesity are needed, especially among high-need populations. Technology is an innovative approach; however, data on technology as adjuncts to in-person treatment programs are limited. METHODS: A total of 64 children [body mass index (BMI) ≥85th percentile, mean age = 9.6 ± 3.1 years, 32.8% female, 84.4% Hispanic] were recruited to participate in one of three cohorts of a family-based behavioral group (FBBG) treatment program: FBBG only, TECH1, and TECH2...
July 20, 2017: Childhood Obesity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28718723/core-addiction-medicine-competencies-for-doctors-an-international-consultation-on-training
#19
Astri Parawita Ayu, Nady El-Guebaly, Arnt Schellekens, Cor De Jong, Gabrielle Welle-Strand, William Small, Evan Wood, Walter Cullen, Jan Klimas
BACKGROUND: Despite the high prevalence of substance use disorders, associated comorbidities, and the evidence base upon which to base clinical practice, most health systems have not invested in standardized training of health care providers in addiction medicine. As a result, people with substance use disorders often receive inadequate care, at the cost of quality of life and enormous direct health care costs and indirect societal costs. Therefore, this study was undertaken to assess the views of international scholars, representing different countries, on the core set of addiction medicine competencies that need to be covered in medical education...
July 18, 2017: Substance Abuse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28535331/computer-and-mobile-technology-interventions-for-self-management-in-chronic-obstructive-pulmonary-disease
#20
REVIEW
Catherine McCabe, Margaret McCann, Anne Marie Brady
BACKGROUND: Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) is characterised by airflow obstruction due to an abnormal inflammatory response of the lungs to noxious particles or gases, for example, cigarette smoke. The pattern of care for people with moderate to very severe COPD often involves regular lengthy hospital admissions, which result in high healthcare costs and an undesirable effect on quality of life. Research over the past decade has focused on innovative methods for developing enabling and assistive technologies that facilitate patient self-management...
May 23, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
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