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Edward A Dickson, Keaton I Jones, Jonathan N Lund
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 2016: Medical Education
Courtney M Peterson, John W Apolzan, Courtney Wright, Corby K Martin
We conducted two studies to test the validity, reliability, feasibility and acceptability of using video chat technology to quantify dietary and pill-taking (i.e. supplement and medication) adherence. In study 1, we investigated whether video chat technology can accurately quantify adherence to dietary and pill-taking interventions. Mock study participants ate food items and swallowed pills, while performing randomised scripted 'cheating' behaviours to mimic non-adherence. Monitoring was conducted in a cross-over design, with two monitors watching in-person and two watching remotely by Skype on a smartphone...
October 18, 2016: British Journal of Nutrition
Myroslava Protsiv, Salla Atkins
BACKGROUND: Growing demand for Global Health (GH) training and the internationalisation of education requires innovative approaches to training. Blended learning (BL, a form of e-learning combining face-to-face or real-time interaction with computer-assisted learning) is a promising approach for increasing GH research capacity in low- to middle-income countries. Implementing BL, however, requires additional skills and efforts from lecturers. This paper explores lecturers' views and experiences of delivering BL courses within the context of two north-south collaborative research capacity building projects, ARCADE HSSR and ARCADE RSDH...
2016: Global Health Action
Jon N Radcliffe, Paul Comfort, Tom Fawcett
Research is limited in exploring the specific psychology oriented responsibilities of the strength and conditioning professional. The present research explored the psychological responsibilities adopted by accredited strength and conditioning coaches. Participants comprised 10 participants working within the UK, 3 within the USA and 5 within Australia offering a cross section of experience from raging sport disciplines and educational backgrounds. Participants were interviewed either in person or via Skype...
September 22, 2016: Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research
Christian Inglis, Rachael Sharman, Rachel Reed
OBJECTIVE: the objective behind the current study was to explore the experiences and perceptions of fathers after childbirth trauma, an area of minimal research. This is part two of a two-part series conducted in 2014 researching the mental health of fathers after experiencing a perceived traumatic childbirth. DESIGN: qualitative methodology using semi-structured interviews and reporting of qualitative questions administered in part one's online survey (Inglis, 2014)...
October 2016: Midwifery
Tavora Buchman, Celina Cabello
CONTEXT: Tuberculosis (TB) treatment completion is in part determined by patient's adherence to long-term drug regimens. To best ensure compliance, directly observed therapy (DOT) is considered the standard of practice. Nassau County Department of Health TB Control is responsible for providing DOT to patients with TB. OBJECTIVE: Tuberculosis Control sought to use and evaluate Skype Observed Therapy (SOT) as an alternative to DOT for eligible patients. DESIGN: The evaluation included analysis of patient's acceptance and adherence to drug regimen using SOT...
September 2, 2016: Journal of Public Health Management and Practice: JPHMP
Jennifer Stinson, Sara Ahola Kohut, Paula Forgeron, Khush Amaria, Mary Bell, Miriam Kaufman, Nadia Luca, Stephanie Luca, Lauren Harris, Charles Victor, Lynn Spiegel
BACKGROUND: Adolescents with Juvenile Idiopathic Arthritis (JIA) are at risk for physical, emotional, social and role challenges that negatively impact quality of life. Peer mentoring has been shown to improve positive health behaviours in adolescents with chronic disease while simultaneously providing social support. The objectives of this paper are to examine the feasibility and acceptability of an online peer mentoring program (iPeer2Peer Program) for adolescents with JIA. METHODS: The iPeer2Peer program was examined using a waitlist pilot randomized control trial (RCT)...
2016: Pediatric Rheumatology Online Journal
Angela M Barbara, Maureen Dobbins, R Brian Haynes, Alfonso Iorio, John N Lavis, Anthony J Levinson
BACKGROUND: Evidence summaries and blogs can support evidence-informed healthy aging, by presenting high-quality health research evidence in plain language for a nonprofessional (citizen) audience. OBJECTIVE: Our objective was to explore citizens' perceptions about the usability of evidence summaries and blog posts on the Web-based McMaster Optimal Aging Portal. METHODS: Twenty-two citizens (aged 50 years and older) and informal caregivers participated in a qualitative study using a think-aloud method and semistructured interviews...
2016: JMIR Human Factors
Renae D Van Wyhe, Larry H Hollier
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 2016: Journal of Craniofacial Surgery
Stephanie Alley, Cally Jennings, Ronald C Plotnikoff, Corneel Vandelanotte
BACKGROUND: Web-based physical activity interventions that apply computer tailoring have shown to improve engagement and behavioral outcomes but provide limited accountability and social support for participants. It is unknown how video calls with a behavioral expert in a Web-based intervention will be received and whether they improve the effectiveness of computer-tailored advice. OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to determine the feasibility and effectiveness of brief video-based coaching in addition to fully automated computer-tailored advice in a Web-based physical activity intervention for inactive adults...
2016: Journal of Medical Internet Research
Teresa Costa Castanho, Liliana Amorim, Pedro Silva Moreira, José Mariz, Joana Almeida Palha, Nuno Sousa, Nadine Correia Santos
BACKGROUND: The use of communication technologies is an emerging trend in healthcare and research. Despite efficient, reliable and accurate neuropsychological batteries to evaluate cognitive performance in-person, more diverse and less expensive and time consuming solutions are needed. Here we conducted a pilot study to determine the applicability of a videoconference (VC, Skype®) approach to assess cognitive function in older adults, using The Telephone Interview for Cognitive Status-Modified - Portuguese version (TICSM-PT)...
September 2016: EBioMedicine
Hannah K Menefee, Morgan J Thompson, Thomas M Guterbock, Ishan C Williams, Rupa S Valdez
BACKGROUND: Consumer health information technology (IT) solutions are designed to support patient health management and have the ability to facilitate patients' health information communication with their social networks. However, there is a need for consumer health IT solutions to align with patients' health management preferences for increased adoption of the technology. It may be possible to gain an understanding of patients' needs for consumer health IT supporting their health information communication with social networks by explicating how they have adopted and adapted social networking sites, such as Facebook, for this purpose...
2016: Journal of Medical Internet Research
L Entilli, S Cipolletta
AIMS AND OBJECTIVES: To promote a critical approach on the conceptualization of domestic violence by investigating the experience of abuse on the part of men who are victims of domestic violence by their female partners. BACKGROUND: Media attention and prevention programs relating to domestic violence have mainly focused on women as the victims and men as the perpetrators. The underlying idea is that violence is predominantly physical and a prerogative of men. This conceptualization of violence reduces the opportunities for the consideration of different modalities of abuse...
August 9, 2016: Journal of Clinical Nursing
Brian Metherell
E-mail may rule the world in other types of businesses, but for medical practices, the telephone remains the primary mode of communication with patients, specialists, and pharmacies. From making appointments to calling in prescriptions, telephones are essential to patient care. With technology changing very quickly and new capabilities coming into the medical practice, such as telemedicine and Skype, you need to know your options when choosing a new telephone system. The possibilities include on-site, cloud, and hybrid networked solutions...
May 2016: Journal of Medical Practice Management: MPM
Lucy V Clark, Paul McCrone, Damien Ridge, Anna Cheshire, Mario Vergara-Williamson, Francesca Pesola, Peter D White
BACKGROUND: Chronic fatigue syndrome, also known as myalgic encephalomyelitis (CFS/ME), is characterized by chronic disabling fatigue and other symptoms, which are not explained by an alternative diagnosis. Previous trials have suggested that graded exercise therapy (GET) is an effective and safe treatment. GET itself is therapist-intensive with limited availability. OBJECTIVE: While guided self-help based on cognitive behavior therapy appears helpful to patients, Guided graded Exercise Self-help (GES) is yet to be tested...
2016: JMIR Research Protocols
Jean Krampe, Cynthia Rubbelke, Nichol Reeves, Mackenzie Sullivan, Miranda Whitten
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 2016: Computers, Informatics, Nursing: CIN
Márton Karsai, Gerardo Iñiguez, Riivo Kikas, Kimmo Kaski, János Kertész
Adoption of innovations, products or online services is commonly interpreted as a spreading process driven to large extent by social influence and conditioned by the needs and capacities of individuals. To model this process one usually introduces behavioural threshold mechanisms, which can give rise to the evolution of global cascades if the system satisfies a set of conditions. However, these models do not address temporal aspects of the emerging cascades, which in real systems may evolve through various pathways ranging from slow to rapid patterns...
2016: Scientific Reports
Adeline Boatin, Joseph Ngonzi, Leslie Bradford, Blair Wylie, Annekathryn Goodman
INTRODUCTION: In Uganda, an estimated 120 obstetrician/gynecologists serve a population of 30 million people demonstrating the need to train additional skilled clinician leaders in reproductive health. In 2012, a partnership was formed with the Mbarara Regional Referral Hospital (MRRH) in southwest Uganda and the Massachusetts General Hospital (MGH) in Boston, USA, in part to increase access to specialist training. This report presents an update in the development of a teaching conference between the institutions...
November 2015: Open Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology
Wendy Duggleby, Allison Williams, Sunita Ghosh, Heather Moquin, Jenny Ploeg, Maureen Markle-Reid, Shelley Peacock
BACKGROUND: The majority of care for older adults with multiple chronic conditions (MCC) is provided by family (including friends) caregivers. Although caregivers have reported positive benefits to caregiving they also experience decreases in their physical and mental health. As there is a critical need for supportive interventions for this population, it is important to know what influences the health of family caregivers of persons with MCC. This research examined relationships among the changes from baseline to 6 months in health related quality of life (SF12v2) of family caregivers caring for older adults with multiple chronic conditions and the following factors: a) demographic variables, b) gender identity [Bem Sex Role Inventory (BSRI)] c) changes in general self-efficacy [General Self Efficacy Scale (GSES) (baseline to 6 months) and d)) changes in caregiver burden [Zarit Burden Inventory (ZBI)] baseline to 6 months...
2016: Health and Quality of Life Outcomes
Susanne Kaae, Sofia Kälvemark Sporrong, Janine Morgall Traulsen, Helle Wallach Kildemoes, Lotte Stig Nørgaard, Arianit Jakupi, Denis Raka, Emre Umut Gürpinar, Ali Alkan, Iris Hoxha, Admir Malaj, Lourdes Arevalo Cantarero
BACKGROUND: In 2014, a qualitative multi-country research project was launched to study the reasons behind the high use of antibiotics in regions of Southeast Europe by using previously untrained national interviewers (who were engaged in other antibiotic microbial resistance-related investigations) to conduct qualitative interviews with local patients, physicians and pharmacists. Little knowledge exists about how to implement qualitative multi-country research collaborations involving previously untrained local data collectors...
2016: Journal of Pharmaceutical Policy and Practice
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