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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29130296/supporting-dietitians-to-work-in-aboriginal-health-qualitative-evaluation-of-a-community-of-practice-mentoring-circle
#1
Annabelle M Wilson, Robyn Delbridge, Claire Palermo
AIM: This paper explores the experience of dietitians participating in a Community of Practice designed to support their work with Aboriginal communities. METHODS: The Community of Practice for dietitians working with Aboriginal communities ran for 12 months, starting in May 2014. Six-weekly mentoring sessions were held using Skype, with conversation aided by a facilitator. In-depth, semi-structured interviews were held with all participants at the conclusion of the Community of Practice...
November 2017: Nutrition & Dietetics: the Journal of the Dietitians Association of Australia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29128303/the-mountain-of-health-the-perceptions-and-perceived-expectations-of-youth-living-with-type-2-diabetes-in-winnipeg-manitoba-canada-through-a-grounded-theory-study
#2
Elizabeth Huynh
OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to explore youth's perceptions of diabetes management. METHODS: The study included 8 Manitoban youth with type 2 diabetes (n=7 girls). Each youth participated in a semistructured interview in person, via Skype or over the phone. The constructivist grounded theory methodologic approach guided the analysis of the data. RESULTS: Discussions about diabetes and health and its management revealed 2 viewpoints: 1) youth's perceptions and 2) youth's perceptions of health-care providers' expectations...
November 8, 2017: Canadian Journal of Diabetes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29096775/randomized-clinical-trial-of-online-parent-training-for-behavior-problems-after-early-brain-injury
#3
Shari L Wade, Amy E Cassedy, Emily L Shultz, Huaiyu Zang, Nanhua Zhang, Michael W Kirkwood, Terry Stancin, Keith O Yeates, H Gerry Taylor
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the effectiveness of Internet-based Interacting Together Everyday: Recovery After Childhood TBI (I-InTERACT) versus abbreviated parent training (Express) or access to online resources (internet resources comparison [IRC]) in improving parenting skills and decreasing behavior problems after early traumatic brain injury (TBI). METHOD: In this randomized, controlled, clinical trial, 113 children 3 to 9 years old previously hospitalized for moderate to severe TBI were randomly assigned to receive Express (n = 36), I-InTERACT (n = 39), or IRC (n = 38)...
November 2017: Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29096771/jack-fell-down-and-broke-his-crown-not-unusual-and-so-why-the-skype
#4
EDITORIAL
Jeffrey E Max
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 2017: Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29042374/-what-does-that-mean-a-qualitative-exploration-of-the-primary-and-secondary-clinical-care-experiences-of-young-people-with-continence-problems-in-the-uk
#5
Katie Whale, Helen Cramer, Anne Wright, Caroline Sanders, Carol Joinson
OBJECTIVES: To explore the clinical care experiences of young people with continence problems. DESIGN: In-depth semistructured qualitative interviews were conducted by Skype and telephone, with the addition of art-based participatory research techniques. Transcripts were analysed using inductive thematic analysis. SETTING: Primary and secondary care in the UK. PARTICIPANTS: We interviewed 20 participants (9 females, 11 males) aged 11-20 years...
October 16, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28992611/co-viewing-supports-toddlers-word-learning-from-contingent-and-noncontingent-video
#6
Gabrielle A Strouse, Georgene L Troseth, Katherine D O'Doherty, Megan M Saylor
Social cues are one way young children determine that a situation is pedagogical in nature-containing information to be learned and generalized. However, some social cues (e.g., contingent gaze and responsiveness) are missing from prerecorded video, a potential reason why toddlers' language learning from video can be inefficient compared with their learning directly from a person. This study explored two methods for supporting children's word learning from video by adding social-communicative cues. A sample of 88 30-month-olds began their participation with a video training phase...
October 6, 2017: Journal of Experimental Child Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28974463/homecare-robots-to-improve-health-and-well-being-in-mild-cognitive-impairment-and-early-stage-dementia-results-from%C3%A2-a%C3%A2-scoping-study
#7
Margot Darragh, Ho Seok Ahn, Bruce MacDonald, Amy Liang, Kathryn Peri, Ngaire Kerse, Elizabeth Broadbent
OBJECTIVES: This scoping study is the first step of a multiphase, international project aimed at designing a homecare robot that can provide functional support, track physical and psychological well-being, and deliver therapeutic intervention specifically for individuals with mild cognitive impairment. DESIGN: Observational requirements gathering study. PARTICIPANTS AND SETTINGS: Semistructured interviews were conducted with 3 participant groups: (1) individuals with memory challenges, mild cognitive impairment (MCI), or mild dementia (patients; n = 9); (2) carers of those with MCI or dementia (carers; n = 8); and (3) those with expertise in MCI or dementia research, clinical care, or management (experts; n = 16)...
September 30, 2017: Journal of the American Medical Directors Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28944595/transition-care-in-anorexia-nervosa-through-guidance-online-from-peer-and-carer-expertise-triangle-study-protocol-for-a-randomised-controlled-trial
#8
Valentina Cardi, Suman Ambwani, Emily Robinson, Gaia Albano, Pamela MacDonald, Viviana Aya, Katie Rowlands, Gill Todd, Ulrike Schmidt, Sabine Landau, Jon Arcelus, Jennifer Beecham, Janet Treasure
TRIANGLE is a multicentre trial investigating whether the addition of a novel intervention for patients and carers (ECHOMANTRA) to treatment as usual (TAU) improves outcomes for people with anorexia nervosa (AN). ECHOMANTRA is based on the cognitive interpersonal model of AN and includes assessments, workbooks, videos, online groups and joint Skype sessions for patients and carers. People receiving intensive hospital treatment (N = 380) will be randomised to TAU or TAU plus ECHOMANTRA. Participants will be assessed over an 18-month period following randomisation...
November 2017: European Eating Disorders Review: the Journal of the Eating Disorders Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28882188/unifying-a-fragmented-effort-a-qualitative-framework-for-improving-international-surgical-teaching-collaborations
#9
Parisa Nicole Fallah, Mark Bernstein
BACKGROUND: Access to adequate surgical care is limited globally, particularly in low- and middle-income countries (LMICs). To address this issue, surgeons are becoming increasingly involved in international surgical teaching collaborations (ISTCs), which include educational partnerships between surgical teams in high-income countries and those in LMICs. The purpose of this study is to determine a framework for unifying, systematizing, and improving the quality of ISTCs so that they can better address the global surgical need...
September 7, 2017: Globalization and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28868993/stakeholder-involvement-throughout-health-technology-assessment-an-example-from-palliative-care
#10
Louise Brereton, Philip Wahlster, Kati Mozygemba, Kristin Bakke Lysdahl, Jake Burns, Stephanie Polus, Marcia Tummers, Pietro Refolo, Dario Sacchini, Wojciech Leppert, James Chilcott, Christine Ingleton, Clare Gardiner, Elizabeth Goyder
OBJECTIVES: Internationally, funders require stakeholder involvement throughout health technology assessment (HTA). We report successes, challenges, and lessons learned from extensive stakeholder involvement throughout a palliative care case study that demonstrates new concepts and methods for HTA. METHODS: A 5-step "INTEGRATE-HTA Model" developed within the INTEGRATE-HTA project guided the case study. Using convenience or purposive sampling or directly / indirectly identifying and approaching individuals / groups, stakeholders participated in qualitative research or consultation meetings...
September 4, 2017: International Journal of Technology Assessment in Health Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28854718/single-fathers-by-choice-using-surrogacy-why-men-decide-to-have-a-child-as-a-single-parent
#11
Nicola Carone, Roberto Baiocco, Vittorio Lingiardi
STUDY QUESTION: Why do men decide to have a child by surrogacy as a single parent? SUMMARY ANSWER: Reasons included feeling that it was the right time (i.e. having 'worked through' concerns about single parenthood; career and financial stability; a fear of getting older; no longer wanting to wait for the 'right' relationship), external encouragement, a desire to reproduce and a fear of separation/divorce. WHAT IS KNOWN ALREADY: Because no research has been conducted on single fathers who used surrogacy, their characteristics, motivations and experiences are unknown...
September 1, 2017: Human Reproduction
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28797309/aging-well-on-the-autism-spectrum-the-perspectives-of-autistic-adults-and-carers
#12
Ye In Jane Hwang, Kitty-Rose Foley, Julian N Trollor
BACKGROUND: "Aging well" is an increasingly popular concept in gerontology. Adults with disabilities such as autism spectrum disorder represent a demographically substantial population, yet remain excluded from existing conceptualizations of aging well. This qualitative study aimed to explore what it means for autistic adults to "age well" from the perspectives of autistic adults and carers. METHODS: Twenty-four semi-structured interviews were conducted with 15 autistic adults (mean age 50...
August 11, 2017: International Psychogeriatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28727927/technology-components-as-adjuncts-to-family-based-pediatric-obesity-treatment-in-low-income-minority-youth
#13
Gina L Tripicchio, Alice S Ammerman, Cody Neshteruk, Myles S Faith, Kelsey Dean, Christie Befort, Dianne S Ward, Kimberly P Truesdale, Kyle S Burger, Ann Davis
BACKGROUND: Strategies to treat pediatric obesity are needed, especially among high-need populations. Technology is an innovative approach; however, data on technology as adjuncts to in-person treatment programs are limited. METHODS: A total of 64 children [body mass index (BMI) ≥85th percentile, mean age = 9.6 ± 3.1 years, 32.8% female, 84.4% Hispanic] were recruited to participate in one of three cohorts of a family-based behavioral group (FBBG) treatment program: FBBG only, TECH1, and TECH2...
July 20, 2017: Childhood Obesity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28718723/core-addiction-medicine-competencies-for-doctors-an-international-consultation-on-training
#14
Astri Parawita Ayu, Nady El-Guebaly, Arnt Schellekens, Cor De Jong, Gabrielle Welle-Strand, William Small, Evan Wood, Walter Cullen, Jan Klimas
BACKGROUND: Despite the high prevalence of substance use disorders, associated comorbidities, and the evidence base upon which to base clinical practice, most health systems have not invested in standardized training of health care providers in addiction medicine. As a result, people with substance use disorders often receive inadequate care, at the cost of quality of life and enormous direct health care costs and indirect societal costs. Therefore, this study was undertaken to assess the views of international scholars, representing different countries, on the core set of addiction medicine competencies that need to be covered in medical education...
July 18, 2017: Substance Abuse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28535331/computer-and-mobile-technology-interventions-for-self-management-in-chronic-obstructive-pulmonary-disease
#15
REVIEW
Catherine McCabe, Margaret McCann, Anne Marie Brady
BACKGROUND: Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) is characterised by airflow obstruction due to an abnormal inflammatory response of the lungs to noxious particles or gases, for example, cigarette smoke. The pattern of care for people with moderate to very severe COPD often involves regular lengthy hospital admissions, which result in high healthcare costs and an undesirable effect on quality of life. Research over the past decade has focused on innovative methods for developing enabling and assistive technologies that facilitate patient self-management...
May 23, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28490349/cognitive-behavioural-therapy-for-the-management-of-inflammatory-bowel-disease-fatigue-with-a-nested-qualitative-element-study-protocol-for-a-randomised-controlled-trial
#16
Micol Artom, Wladyslawa Czuber-Dochan, Jackie Sturt, Christine Norton
BACKGROUND: Fatigue is one of the most prevalent and burdensome symptoms for patients with inflammatory bowel disease (IBD). Although fatigue increases during periods of inflammation, for some patients it persists when disease is in remission. Compared to other long-term conditions where fatigue has been extensively researched, optimal management of fatigue in patients with IBD is unknown and fatigue has rarely been the primary outcome in intervention studies. To date, interventions for the management of IBD-fatigue are sparse, have short-term effects and have not been implemented within the existing health system...
May 11, 2017: Trials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28438727/influence-of-telecommunication-modality-internet-transmission-quality-and-accessories-on-speech-perception-in-cochlear-implant-users
#17
Georgios Mantokoudis, Roger Koller, Jérémie Guignard, Marco Caversaccio, Martin Kompis, Pascal Senn
BACKGROUND: Telecommunication is limited or even impossible for more than one-thirds of all cochlear implant (CI) users. OBJECTIVE: We sought therefore to study the impact of voice quality on speech perception with voice over Internet protocol (VoIP) under real and adverse network conditions. METHODS: Telephone speech perception was assessed in 19 CI users (15-69 years, average 42 years), using the German HSM (Hochmair-Schulz-Moser) sentence test comparing Skype and conventional telephone (public switched telephone networks, PSTN) transmission using a personal computer (PC) and a digital enhanced cordless telecommunications (DECT) telephone dual device...
April 24, 2017: Journal of Medical Internet Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28376811/smart-homes-private-homes-an-empirical-study-of-technology-researchers-perceptions-of-ethical-issues-in-developing-smart-home-health-technologies
#18
Giles Birchley, Richard Huxtable, Madeleine Murtagh, Ruud Ter Meulen, Peter Flach, Rachael Gooberman-Hill
BACKGROUND: Smart-home technologies, comprising environmental sensors, wearables and video are attracting interest in home healthcare delivery. Development of such technology is usually justified on the basis of the technology's potential to increase the autonomy of people living with long-term conditions. Studies of the ethics of smart-homes raise concerns about privacy, consent, social isolation and equity of access. Few studies have investigated the ethical perspectives of smart-home engineers themselves...
April 4, 2017: BMC Medical Ethics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28341690/qualitative-study-to-explore-the-health-and-well-being-impacts-on-adults-providing-informal-support-to-female-domestic-violence-survivors
#19
Alison Gregory, Gene Feder, Ann Taket, Emma Williamson
OBJECTIVES: Domestic violence (DV) is hazardous to survivors' health, from injuries sustained and from resultant chronic physical and mental health problems. Support from friends and relatives is significant in the lives of DV survivors; research shows associations between positive support and the health, well-being and safety of survivors. Little is known about how people close to survivors are impacted. The aim of this study was exploratory, with the following research question: what are the health and well-being impacts on adults who provide informal support to female DV survivors? DESIGN: A qualitative study using semistructured interviews conducted face to face, by telephone or using Skype...
March 24, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28340203/been-there-done-that-the-experience-of-acting-as-a-young-adult-mentor-to-adolescents-living-with-chronic-illness
#20
Sara Ahola Kohut, Jennifer Stinson, Paula Forgeron, Stephanie Luca, Lauren Harris
Objective: To explore the perceived benefits and challenges of acting as a young adult peer mentor to adolescents with chronic illness. Methods: A qualitative descriptive study, using interviews and a focus group, explored the perceptions of young adult peer mentors following participation in the iPeer2Peer program, a Skype-based peer-mentorship program for adolescents with chronic illness. Interviews and focus group data were transcribed and analyzed using inductive content analysis...
October 1, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Psychology
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