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Shuangbo Kong, Guixian Liang, Zhaowei Tu, Dunjin Chen, Haibin Wang, Jinhua Lu
Placental development is a complex and highly controlled process during which trophoblast stem cells differentiate to various trophoblast subtypes. The early embryonic death of systemic gene knockout models hampers the investigation of these genes that might play important roles during placentation. A trophoblast specific Cre mouse model would be of great help for dissecting out the potential roles of these genes during placental development. For this purpose, we generate a transgenic mouse with the Cre recombinase inserted into the endogenous locus of Elf5 gene that is expressed specifically in placental trophoblast cells...
March 13, 2018: Genesis: the Journal of Genetics and Development
Fumiya Omata, Keely May McNamara, Koyu Suzuki, Eriko Abe, Hisashi Hirakawa, Takanori Ishida, Noriaki Ohuchi, Hironobu Sasano
BACKGROUND: Elf5 is a transcription factor previously shown to be involved in regulating cell differentiation in both normal and pathological breast tissues. Pertinently, Elf5 was reported to interact with the FOXA1 transcription factor, a pivotal regulatory factor in a subset of AR overexpressing triple negative cancer (TNBC) cases. METHODS: We examined the correlation among AR, FOXA1, and Elf5 expression in a series of TNBC cases. The cases were retrieved from surgical pathological files of Tohoku University Hospital Japan and consisted of 60 cases operated between the year 1999 and 2007...
February 2, 2018: Breast Cancer: the Journal of the Japanese Breast Cancer Society
Francesca Soncin, Marwa Khater, Cuong To, Donald Pizzo, Omar Farah, Anna Wakeland, Kanaga Arul Nambi Rajan, Katharine K Nelson, Ching-Wen Chang, Matteo Moretto-Zita, David R Natale, Louise C Laurent, Mana M Parast
An increasing body of evidence points to significant spatio-temporal differences in early placental development between mouse and human, but a detailed comparison of placentae in these two species is missing. We set out to compare placentae from both species across gestation, with a focus on trophoblast progenitor markers. We found that CDX2 and ELF5, but not EOMES, are expressed in early post-implantation trophoblast subpopulations in both species. Genome-wide expression profiling of mouse and human placentae revealed clusters of genes with distinct co-expression patterns across gestation...
January 22, 2018: Development
Yongfu Xiong, Wenxian You, Rong Wang, Linglong Peng, Zhongxue Fu
Although hundreds of colorectal cancer- (CRC-) related genes have been screened, the significant hub genes still need to be further identified. The aim of this study was to identify the hub genes based on protein-protein interaction network and uncover their clinical value. Firstly, 645 CRC patients' data from the Tumor Cancer Genome Atlas were downloaded and analyzed to screen the differential expression genes (DEGs). And then, the Kyoto Encyclopedia of Genes and Genomes pathway enrichment analysis was performed, and PPI network of the DEGs was constructed by Cytoscape software...
2017: BioMed Research International
Salah Elias, Marc A Morgan, Elizabeth K Bikoff, Elizabeth J Robertson
The hierarchical relationships between various stem and progenitor cell subpopulations driving mammary gland morphogenesis and homoeostasis are poorly understood. Conditional inactivation experiments previously demonstrated that expression of the zinc finger transcriptional repressor Blimp1/PRDM1 is essential for the establishment of epithelial cell polarity and functional maturation of alveolar cells. Here we exploit a Prdm1.CreERT2-LacZ reporter allele for lineage tracing experiments. Blimp1 expression marks a rare subpopulation of unipotent luminal stem cells that initially appear in the embryonic mammary gland at around E17...
November 20, 2017: Nature Communications
Bowen Gao, Ying Qu, Bingchen Han, Yoshiko Nagaoka, Makoto Katsumata, Nan Deng, Shikha Bose, Liting Jin, Armando E Giuliano, Xiaojiang Cui
The forkhead box transcription factor FOXC1 plays a critical role in embryogenesis and the development of many organs. Its mutations and high expression are associated with many human diseases including breast cancer. Although FOXC1 knockout mouse studies showed that it is not required for mammary gland development during puberty, it is not clear whether its overexpression alters normal mammary development in vivo. To address this question, we generated transgenic mice with mammary-specific FOXC1 overexpression...
October 25, 2017: Scientific Reports
Jennifer Chean, Charng-Jui Chen, John E Shively
The loss of expression of a single gene can revert normal tissue to a malignant phenotype. For example, while normal breast has high lumenal expression of CEACAM1, the majority of breast cancers exhibit the early loss of this gene with the concurrent loss of their lumenal phenotype. MCF7 cells that lack CEACAM1 expression and fail to form lumena in 3D culture, regain the normal phenotype when transfected with CEACAM1. In order to probe the mechanism of this gain of function, we treated these cells with the clinically relevant Jak2 inhibitor TG101348 (TG), expecting that disruption of the prolactin receptor signaling pathway would interfere with the positive effects of transfection of MCF7 cells with CEACAM1...
October 1, 2017: Experimental Cell Research
Yu Zhao, Li Min, Changqin Xu, Linlin Shao, Shuilong Guo, Rui Cheng, Jie Xing, Shengtao Zhu, Shutian Zhang
Even though various molecules may serve as biomarkers, little is known concerning the mechanisms underlying the carcinogenesis of ESCC, particularly the transcriptional regulatory network. Thus, in the present study, paired ESCC and non-cancerous (NC) tissues were assayed by Affymetrix microarray assays. Passing Attributes between Networks for Data Assimilation (PANDA) was used to construct networks between transcription factors (TFs) and their targets. AnaPANDA program was applied to compare the regulatory networks...
May 30, 2017: Oncology Reports
Lindsay R Stolzenburg, Rui Yang, Jenny L Kerschner, Sara Fossum, Matthew Xu, Andrew Hoffmann, Kay-Marie Lamar, Sujana Ghosh, Sarah Wachtel, Shih-Hsing Leir, Ann Harris
Mutations in the cystic fibrosis transmembrane conductance regulator (CFTR) gene cause cystic fibrosis (CF), but are not good predictors of lung phenotype. Genome-wide association studies (GWAS) previously identified additional genomic sites associated with CF lung disease severity. One of these, at chromosome 11p13, is an intergenic region between Ets homologous factor (EHF) and Apaf-1 interacting protein (APIP). Our goal was to determine the functional significance of this region, which being intergenic is probably regulatory...
September 6, 2017: Nucleic Acids Research
Kai Li, Yongmin Guo, Xiong Yang, Zhihong Zhang, Changwen Zhang, Yong Xu
The transcription factor E74-like factor 5 (ELF5) is a potent antioncogene that can prevent epithelial-mesenchymal transition (EMT) and metastasis in prostate cancer (PCa). However, little is known how it suppress the tumor growth and if it can interact with androgen receptor (AR). In this study, we find that the ELF5 is frequently expressed in AR activated PCa cells, where it binds to AR acting as a physiological partner and negatively regulates its transcriptional activity. In addition, the interaction between ELF5 and AR is androgen-dependent...
March 13, 2017: Scientific Reports
Justin Grassmeyer, Malini Mukherjee, Jennifer deRiso, Casey Hettinger, Monica Bailey, Satrajit Sinha, Jane E Visvader, Haotian Zhao, Eric Fogarty, Kameswaran Surendran
The mammalian kidney collecting ducts are critical for water, electrolyte and acid-base homeostasis and develop as a branched network of tubular structures composed of principal cells intermingled with intercalated cells. The intermingled nature of the different collecting duct cell types has made it challenging to identify unique and critical factors that mark and/or regulate the development of the different collecting duct cell lineages. Here we report that the canonical Notch signaling pathway components, RBPJ and Presinilin1 and 2, are involved in patterning the mouse collecting duct cell fates by maintaining a balance between principal cell and intercalated cell fates...
April 1, 2017: Developmental Biology
Hongchao Yan, Linglin Qiu, Xiaolei Xie, He Yang, Yongli Liu, Xiaoman Lin, Hongxiang Huang
The expression of E74-like factor 5 (ELF5) in epithelial ovarian carcinoma tissues and its effects on biological behavior in ovarian carcinoma cells were assessed in search for a new approach for gene treatment of epithelial ovarian carcinoma. RT-PCR technology was applied to detect the expression of ELF5 mRNA in epithelial ovarian carcinoma (n=49), borderline ovarian epithelial tumor (n=19), benign ovarian epithelial tumor (n=31) and normal ovarian tissues (n=40). Then, we transfected recombinant plasmid pcDNA3...
March 2017: Oncology Reports
Yankun Zhao, Wei Shao, Chenglong Luo, Kaile Wu, Xiong Yu
Objective To explore the possible mechanism of umbilical cord mesenchymal stem cells (UCMSCs) regulating milk protein synthesis in bovine mammary gland epithelial cells (BMECs). Methods UCMSCs and BMECs were co-cultured by double-chamber Transwell(TM), and other BMECs were cultured alone as a control group. Insulin like growth factor 1 receptor (IGF-1R) inhibitor AG1024 was used to treat cells. IGF-1, β casein (CSN2) and κ casein (CSN3) content in the supernatants were determined by ELISA; the relative expression abundance of Janus kinase and signal transducer and activator of transcription factor (JAK/STAT) signaling pathway-related genes were detected by quantitative real-time PCR (qRT-PCR); and after the cells were treated with JAK2 signal blocker AG490, qRT-PCR was performed to test the relative expression abundance of CSN2 and CSN3 mRNAs...
February 2017: Xi Bao Yu Fen Zi Mian Yi Xue za Zhi, Chinese Journal of Cellular and Molecular Immunology
Takamasa Kawaguchi, Dooseon Cho, Masafumi Hayashi, Tomoyuki Tsukiyama, Koji Kimura, Shuichi Matsuyama, Naojiro Minami, Masayasu Yamada, Hiroshi Imai
Trophectoderm lineage specification is one of the earliest differentiation events in mammalian development. The trophoblast lineage, which is derived from the trophectoderm, mediates implantation and placental formation. However, the processes involved in trophoblastic differentiation and placental formation in cattle remain unclear due to interspecies differences when compared with other model systems and the small repertoire of available trophoblast cell lines. Here, we describe the generation of trophoblast cell lines (biTBCs) from bovine amnion-derived cells (bADCs) using an induced pluripotent stem cell technique...
2016: PloS One
Michaela Willi, Kyung Hyun Yoo, Chaochen Wang, Zlatko Trajanoski, Lothar Hennighausen
Cytokines utilize the transcription factor STAT5 to control cell-specific genes at a larger scale than universal genes, with a mechanistic explanation yet to be supplied. Genome-wide studies have identified putative STAT5-based mammary-specific and universal enhancers, an opportunity to investigate mechanisms underlying their differential response to cytokines. We have now interrogated the integrity and function of both categories of regulatory elements using biological and genetic approaches. During lactation, STAT5 occupies mammary-specific and universal cytokine-responsive elements...
December 1, 2016: Nucleic Acids Research
Akifumi Endo, Daisuke Tomizawa, Yuki Aoki, Tomohiro Morio, Shuki Mizutani, Masatoshi Takagi
The Ewing sarcoma breakpoint region 1 (EWSR1) gene is known to fuse with various partner genes to promote the development of the Ewing sarcoma family of tumors and other sarcomas. In contrast, the association of EWSR1 chimeric fusion genes with leukemia has rarely been reported. We identified a novel EWSR1-associated chimeric fusion gene in a patient with acute myeloid leukemia harboring 46, XY, t (11; 22) (p13; q12) karyotype abnormality. The patient was refractory to intensified chemotherapy including hematopoietic stem cell transplantation...
December 2016: Cancer Science
Rie Sano, Tamiko Nakajima, Yoichiro Takahashi, Rieko Kubo, Momoko Kobayashi, Keiko Takahashi, Haruo Takeshita, Kenichi Ogasawara, Yoshihiko Kominato
The human ABO blood group system is of great importance in blood transfusion and organ transplantation. The ABO system is composed of complex carbohydrate structures that are biosynthesized by A- and B-transferases encoded by the ABO gene. However, the mechanisms regulating ABO gene expression in epithelial cells remain obscure. On the basis of DNase I-hypersensitive sites in and around ABO in epithelial cells, we prepared reporter plasmid constructs including these sites. Subsequent luciferase assays and histone modifications indicated a novel positive regulatory element, designated the +22...
October 21, 2016: Journal of Biological Chemistry
Ivana Jurkovic, Iva Gecek, Anita Skrtic, Jasenka Zmijanac Partl, Tamara Nikuseva Martic, Alan Serman, Danica Galesic Ljubanovic, Ljiljana Serman
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to measure immunohistochemically the expression of ELF5 protein in term human and rat placentas and in human placentas associated with gestational diabetes (GD) and intrauterine growth restriction (IUGR). METHODS: The results were quantitated stereologically using the stereological variable of volume density. A semiquantitative analysis was performed independently by a certified pathologist. RESULTS: Total expression of ELF5 protein was higher in pathological pregnancies than in corresponding control term placentas, with both methods of quantifications showing similar results...
June 2017: Journal of Maternal-fetal & Neonatal Medicine
Ha Youn Shin, Michaela Willi, Kyung HyunYoo, Xianke Zeng, Chaochen Wang, Gil Metser, Lothar Hennighausen
Super-enhancers comprise dense transcription factor platforms highly enriched for active chromatin marks. A paucity of functional data led us to investigate the role of super-enhancers in the mammary gland, an organ characterized by exceptional gene regulatory dynamics during pregnancy. ChIP-seq analysis for the master regulator STAT5A, the glucocorticoid receptor, H3K27ac and MED1 identified 440 mammary-specific super-enhancers, half of which were associated with genes activated during pregnancy. We interrogated the Wap super-enhancer, generating mice carrying mutations in STAT5-binding sites within its constituent enhancers...
August 2016: Nature Genetics
Clare A Flannery, Andrew G Fleming, Gina H Choe, Hanyia Naqvi, Margaret Zhang, Anu Sharma, Hugh S Taylor
Endometrial cancer develops during exposure to estrogen unopposed by progesterone. Traditional formulations for menopausal hormone therapy include a progestin in women with a uterus. However, progestin exposure increases breast cancer risk in postmenopausal women. Alternatives to progestin include bazedoxifene (BZA), a selective estrogen receptor modulator, which prevents estrogen induced endometrial hyperplasia in clinical trials. Molecular mechanisms responsible for BZA's antiproliferative effect are not fully elucidated...
October 2016: Endocrinology
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