keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Child abuse

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28822253/clout-or-doubt-perspectives-on-an-infant-mental-health-service-for-young-children-placed-in-foster-care-due-to-abuse-and-neglect
#1
Fiona Turner-Halliday, Gary Kainth, Genevieve Young-Southward, Richard Cotmore, Nicholas Watson, Lynn McMahon, Helen Minnis
Despite knowledge about the profound effects of child abuse and neglect, we know little about how best to assess whether maltreated children should return home. The effectiveness of the New Orleans Intervention Model (NIM) is being tested in a randomized controlled trial where the comparison is social work 'services as usual.' The future trial results will tell us which approach produces the best outcomes for children; meanwhile qualitative process evaluation is generating intriguing findings about the perceived impact of NIM on decision-making about childrens' futures...
August 16, 2017: Child Abuse & Neglect
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28821514/school-staff-perpetration-of-physical-violence-against-students-in-uganda-a-multilevel-analysis-of-risk-factors
#2
Katherine G Merrill, Louise Knight, Judith R Glynn, Elizabeth Allen, Dipak Naker, Karen M Devries
OBJECTIVE: To conduct a multilevel analysis of risk factors for physical violence perpetration by school staff against Ugandan students. DESIGN: Multilevel logistic regression analysis of cross-sectional survey data from 499 staff and 828 caregivers of students at 38 primary schools, collected in 2012 and 2014 during the Good Schools Study. SETTING: Luwero District, Uganda. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURE: Past-week use of physical violence by school staff against students was measured using the International Society for the Prevention of Child Abuse and Neglect 'Child Abuse Screening Tool- Child International' and the WHO Multi-Country Study on Women's Health and Domestic Violence against Women...
August 18, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28821214/the-construction-and-psychometric-properties-of-the-questionnaire-for-online-sexual-solicitation-and-interaction-of-minors-with-adults
#3
Manuel Gámez-Guadix, Patricia De Santisteban, Miguel Ángel Alcazar
The objective of this study was to develop a questionnaire to assess the online sexual solicitation and interactions of minors with adults in order to document the extent of this problem. The questionnaire was constructed in four phases: (a) a review of the previous literature; (b) interviews with convicted online child-sex offenders; (c) a review of the questionnaire items by experts; and (d) a pilot study of the questionnaire administered to adolescents. The validation sample consisted of 2,731 minors (12-15 years old, 50...
August 1, 2017: Sexual Abuse: a Journal of Research and Treatment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28816617/the-norwegian-police-and-victims-of-elder-abuse-in-close-and-familial-relationships
#4
Geir Aas
Over recent decades domestic violence or family violence, violence against women and child abuse has received much attention in the media, in political discourse and in social research. However, abuse of older adults arouses limited interest. In government action against domestic violence and in police guidance manuals, the elderly receive little attention. The aim of this article is primarily to demonstrate how the police attempt to prevent elder abuse in close relationships, especially in parent-child relationships...
August 17, 2017: Journal of Elder Abuse & Neglect
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28816490/evaluation-of-the-effects-of-receiving-trauma-informed-practices-on-domestic-violence-shelter-residents
#5
Cris M Sullivan, Lisa A Goodman, Tyler Virden, Jennifer Strom, Rachel Ramirez
Domestic violence is a potentially traumatizing experience that has devastating psychological and physical consequences. In response, domestic violence shelter programs have focused increasing attention on helping adult and child survivors understand and heal from this trauma. What have come to be called trauma-informed practices include (a) reflecting an understanding of trauma and its many effects on health and behavior, (b) addressing both physical and psychological safety concerns, (c) using a culturally informed strengths-based approach, (d) helping to illuminate the nature and effects of abuse on survivors' everyday experience; and (e) providing opportunities for clients to regain control over their lives...
August 17, 2017: American Journal of Orthopsychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28816488/direct-and-indirect-effects-of-child-abuse-and-environmental-stress-a-lifecourse-perspective-on-adversity-and-depressive-symptoms
#6
Cindy Sousa, W Alex Mason, Todd I Herrenkohl, Dana Prince, Roy C Herrenkohl, M Jean Russo
There is a great deal of evidence about the mental health implications of physical child abuse and environmental stressors, or hardships that people experience at the household and neighborhood level (e.g., neighborhood violence; economic hardship, substance abuse, or conflict among family members). Yet, studies often focus on either abuse or environmental stress, not both, or examine abuse and environmental stressors as a combined set of experiences. Less is known, therefore, about how child abuse and environmental stress might work as either distinct or interrelated risks to diminish mental health over time...
August 17, 2017: American Journal of Orthopsychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28816175/-medical-evaluation-for-suspected-sexual-violence-against-girls
#7
Margret Edda Ornolfsdottir, Ebba Margret Magnusdottir, Jon R Kristinsson, Reynir Tomas Geirsson
INTRODUCTION: Sexual violence against children is a hidden problem. Medical examination and evaluation is needed to search for possible injuries, exclude infections, procure legal evidence and ensure the child´s welfare. We assessed medical evaluations done at Landspitali University Hospital and in the Reykjavik Children's House, a specialized clinic for childhood abuse cases. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Retrospective descriptive analysis was performed on the standardized medical examinations...
July 2017: Læknablađiđ
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28816058/tscc-and-tscyc-screening-forms-in-a-clinical-sample-reliability-validity-and-creating-local-clinical-norms
#8
Jeffrey N Wherry, Catherine E Dunlop
Clinical norms were developed for two screening tools recently developed by Briere and published by Psychological Assessment Resources. The screening measures were derived from the most predictive items of the Trauma Symptom Checklist for Children (TSCC) and the Trauma Symptom Checklist for Young Children (TSCYC). Both screening measures (TSCC-Screening Form and TSCYC-Screening Form) have a total of 20 items measuring general trauma (12 items) and sexual concerns (8 items). Briere and Wherry report on the reliability and validity of the instrument when used with a normative group of children who are not identified as abused...
January 1, 2017: Child Maltreatment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28815844/do-adult-mental-health-services-identify-child-abuse-and-neglect-a-systematic-review
#9
REVIEW
John Read, David Harper, Ian Tucker, Angela Kennedy
Child abuse and neglect play a causal role in many mental health problems. Knowing whether users of mental health services were abused or neglected as children could be considered essential for developing comprehensive formulations and effective treatment plans. In the present study we report the findings of a systematic review, using independent searches of three databases designed to discover how often mental health staff find out whether their clients were abused or neglected as children. Twenty-one relevant studies were identified...
August 17, 2017: International Journal of Mental Health Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28814554/crawford-jakubiak-je-alderman-em-leventhal-jm-aap-committee-on-child-abuse-and-neglect-aap-committee-on-adolescence-care-of-the-adolescent-after-an-acute-sexual-assault-pediatrics-2017-139-3-e20164243
#10
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28813271/prenatal-parenting
#11
REVIEW
Vivette Glover, Lauren Capron
Parenting begins before birth. This includes prenatal maternal and paternal bonding with the baby, and biological effects on fetal development. Recent research has confirmed how prenatal maternal stress can alter the development of the fetus and the child, and that this can persist until early adulthood. Children are affected in different ways depending, in part, on their own genetic makeup. The fetus may also have a direct effect on prenatal maternal mood and later parenting behaviour via the placenta. The father is important prenatally too...
June 2017: Current Opinion in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28813267/protective-parenting-neurobiological-and-behavioral-dimensions
#12
REVIEW
Marian J Bakermans-Kranenburg, Marinus H van IJzendoorn
The current review focuses on a dimension of parenting that has largely been neglected in studies on human parenting, namely parental protection. Human protective parenting can be observed already during pregnancy, when mothers experiencing morning sickness avoid foods that are likely to carry pathogens and thus could be harmful to the fetus. After the birth of the baby, one of the foremost anxieties of parents is that their child will be abused or killed by strangers. Protective parenting seems to be a species-wide evolutionary-based behavior complementary to the innate bias of each newborn to strive for proximity to a potentially protective attachment figure...
June 2017: Current Opinion in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28811141/the-pharmacokinetic-profile-of-synthetic-cathinones-in-a-pregnancy-model
#13
Lauren G Strange, Kerri Kochelek, Robert Keasling, Stacy D Brown, Brooks B Pond
In recent years, the abuse of synthetic cathinones or 'bath salts' has become a major public health concern. Although these compounds were initially sold legally and labeled "not for human consumption", the 'bath salts' are psychostimulants, with similar structures and pharmacologic mechanisms to cocaine, the amphetamines, and 3,4 methylendioxymethamphetamine (MDMA, Molly, or Ecstasy). The reported use of these substances by women of child-bearing age highlights the necessity of studies seeking to delineate risks of prenatal exposure...
August 12, 2017: Neurotoxicology and Teratology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28810212/evaluation-of-bikers-against-child-abuse-baca-program-a-community-intervention-for-child-abuse-victims
#14
Dee C Ray, J P Lilly, Nancy Gallina, Paula MacIan, Brittany Wilson
Children who have experienced physical abuse benefit from a multitude of community interventions including support programs to address emotional and behavioral stability. This pilot study evaluated the services of Bikers Against Child Abuse (BACA), a community of bikers lending intervention to abused children, using a pre/post exploratory design. Participants (N=154) were children who had been referred by parents/guardians for current or past physical and/or sexual abuse. Parents/guardians of children were interviewed four times over a course of one year...
August 5, 2017: Evaluation and Program Planning
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28809059/knowledge-attitudes-and-behaviours-of-healthcare-professionals-regarding-child-maltreatment-in-china
#15
X Li, Q Yue, S Wang, H Wang, J Jiang, L Gong, W Liu, X Huang, T Xu
BACKGROUND: A new, recently issued national law and regulation in China conferred the responsibility of healthcare professionals in child maltreatment intervention. However, few studies have reported on the recognition and reporting of child maltreatment by healthcare professionals in China. The aim of this study was to assess healthcare professionals' knowledge, attitudes, and self-perceived behaviour in terms of identifying, assessing, and reporting child maltreatment cases in China...
August 15, 2017: Child: Care, Health and Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28807480/opportunities-and-challenges-in-screening-for-childhood-sexual-abuse
#16
Deepa L Sekhar, Jennifer L Kraschnewski, Heather L Stuckey, Pamela D Witt, Erica B Francis, Ginger A Moore, Paul L Morgan, Jennie G Noll
Retrospective studies suggest 1 in 4 girls and 1 in 6 boys will experience sexual abuse before 18 years of age, resulting in future morbidity. Successful interventions exist, however, victims are reluctant to disclose. Screening for childhood sexual abuse (CSA) may provide an opportunity to overcome this barrier, yet no current model for universal CSA screening exists. We sought to understand the perspective of key stakeholders on CSA screening through qualitative research. Eight focus groups of 7-10 participants each (n=62) were conducted from April-September 2016...
August 11, 2017: Child Abuse & Neglect
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28806991/the-impact-of-an-educational-program-on-recognition-treatment-and-report-of-child-abuse
#17
Pietro Ferrara, Antonio Gatto, Nunzia Pia Manganelli, Francesca Ianniello, Maria Elisa Amodeo, Maria Amato, Ida Giardino, Antonio Chiaretti
BACKGROUND: Pediatricians play a crucial role in the identification and management of child abuse and neglect (CAN) but they often don't have a formal specialized training. METHODS: We analysed retrospectively data about patients, 0 - 18 years of age, victims of CAN between 1 April 2005 and 30 April 2015. The aim of the study was to evaluate the effect of a multidisciplinary educational program, "CAN: prevention strategies, individuation and treatment", on the knowledge, case recognition, treatment and follow-up of physicians of Gemelli University Hospital in Rome, regarding physical, sexual abuse and neglect...
August 14, 2017: Italian Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28805695/infants-investigated-by-the-child-welfare-system-exploring-a-distinct-profile-of-risks-service-needs-and-referrals-for-support-in-ontario
#18
Joanne Filippelli, Barbara Fallon, Esme Fuller-Thomson, Nico Trocmé
The science of early childhood development underscores that maltreatment and other adversities experienced during infancy heightens the risk for poor developmental and socio-emotional outcomes. Referrals to supportive services by the child welfare system are particularly critical during infancy given the rapidity of brain development and infants' sensitivity to their environment. The main objectives of the current study are to: (1) examine age-specific differences in clinical and case characteristics; (2) determine the factors associated with the service referral decision involving infants; and (3) explore the types of services families have been referred to at the conclusion of a maltreatment-related investigation...
August 12, 2017: Brain Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28805549/misuse-of-child-sexual-abuse-images-treatment-course-of-a-self-identified-pedophilic-pastor
#19
Anna Konrad, Till Amelung, Klaus M Beier
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 14, 2017: Journal of Sex & Marital Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28803093/parental-reflective-functioning-as-a-moderator-of-child-internalizing-difficulties-in-the-context-of-child-sexual-abuse
#20
Karin Ensink, Michaël Bégin, Lina Normandin, Peter Fonagy
The objective was to examine pathways from child sexual abuse (CSA) and maternal mentalizing to child internalizing and externalizing difficulties and to test a model of MRF as a moderator of the relationships between CSA and child difficulties. The sample was comprised of 154 mothers and children aged 2-12 where 64 children had experienced CSA. To assess parental mentalizing the Parental Development Interview was rated with the Parental Reflective Functioning Scale. Child internalizing and externalizing difficulties were assessed with the Child Behavior Checklist (CBCL)...
July 26, 2017: Psychiatry Research
keyword
keyword
3343
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"