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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27906088/folie-%C3%A3-deux-and-its-interaction-with-early-life-stress-a-case-report
#1
Alessandra Vargas Alves Nunes, Sandra Odebrecht Vargas Nunes, Talita Strano, Gilberto Pascolat, Gustavo Manoel Schier Doria, Mauricio Nasser Ehlke
BACKGROUND: Folie à deux is a very rare psychiatric syndrome in which a psychotic symptom is transmitted from one individual to another. We present a case of folie à deux occurring during childhood, which is not an usual presentation of this syndrome. In this case, the disorder is correlated with child abuse and neglect, which possibly had a role in the development of the symptoms in our case. CASE PRESENTATION: We present a case of folie à deux between an "induced" 9-year-old black Brazilian boy and the "inducer", his grandmother...
December 1, 2016: Journal of Medical Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27902951/exploring-children-s-perspectives-of-engagement-with-their-carers-using-factor-analysis
#2
Tania Withington, Ray Duplock, Judith Burton, Areana Eivers, Bob Lonne
Positive engagement between a child and carer in out-of-home care is understood to have long-term benefits for children who have experienced abuse or neglect. This study analysed data from the 'Views of Children and Young People in Foster Care 2009' survey of 937 children in out-of-home care in Queensland, Australia, to identify factors that supported or hindered engagement between a child and carer. Exploratory and confirmatory factor analysis and structural regression were used. Findings suggest that children's engagement with their carer is influenced by a range of internal and external factors including child characteristics, the care experience, contact with biological parents, and placement trajectory...
November 27, 2016: Child Abuse & Neglect
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27902668/pneumatosis-intestinalis-due-to-child-abuse
#3
Stephanie Anne Deutsch, Cindy W Christian
Pneumatosis intestinalis (PI) and the presence of portal venous gas (PVG) are commonly considered pathognomonic for necrotizing enterocolitis in the neonatal period; however, these 2 radiographic findings have been documented in all age groups in a variety of clinical settings and medical conditions including respiratory, cardiac, rheumatologic, gastrointestinal disorders, and traumatic injury. In children, intramural dissection of intestinal gas in the absence of clinical symptoms suggestive of necrotizing enterocolitis should raise concern for a traumatic etiology, including injuries sustained from child physical abuse...
November 29, 2016: Pediatric Emergency Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27902127/child-abuse-inquiry-urges-nurses-to-help-survivors-tell-their-stories
#4
Flavia Munn
Nurses, midwives and health visitors encounter victims of historical and current abuse in a variety of healthcare settings and specialties. The Independent Inquiry into Child Sexual Abuse, which is looking at the extent to which institutions and organisations in England and Wales have failed to protect children from sexual abuse, wants nurses' help in supporting patients who may have information to contribute.
November 30, 2016: Nursing Standard
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27901629/developing-and-testing-of-an-economic-index-tool-for-abused-women-with-children
#5
John Maddoux, Heidi Gilroy, Judith McFarlane, Fuqin Liu
: Violence and poverty combine to severely compromise the safety, health, and functioning of women with major pass-through effects to their children. To reduce poverty and mitigate violence, measures are needed to assess economic status before and after intervention programs. The purpose of the study was to develop a new tool to assess women's various sources of income, to measure the degree to which the components of the tool are independent, and assess the usefulness of the tool to assess the connection of economic status and mental health functioning among abused women...
November 30, 2016: Issues in Mental Health Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27894448/the-intersection-of-medical-child-abuse-and-medical-complexity
#6
REVIEW
Hillary W Petska, John B Gordon, Debra Jablonski, Lynn K Sheets
Children with medical complexity and victims of medical child abuse may have similar clinical presentations. Atypical or unexplained signs and symptoms due to rare diseases may lead providers to suspect medical child abuse when not present. Conversely, medical child abuse may be the cause of or coexist with medical complexity. Careful consideration of whether or not medical child abuse is present is essential when assessing a child with medical complexity since either diagnosis has significant consequences for children and families...
February 2017: Pediatric Clinics of North America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27893581/the-effect-of-socioeconomic-status-and-parental-demographics-on-activation-of-department-of-child-and-family-services-in-pediatric-burn-injury
#7
Jessica K Campos, Yee M Wong, Brittany N Hasty, Kelly A McElligott, Michael J Mosier
Burns resulting from child maltreatment are tragic causes of significant morbidity and mortality, most commonly affecting children under 3 years of age. More than one third of nonaccidental burns occur in single-parent homes or have parents with history of mental illness, substance abuse, incarceration, or Department of Children and Family Services (DCFS) involvement. The authors sought to profile pediatric burn injuries associated with DCFS investigations. They performed a retrospective chart review of pediatric burn patients, admitted between January 1, 2011 and December 31, 2014...
November 11, 2016: Journal of Burn Care & Research: Official Publication of the American Burn Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27890344/community-level-moderators-of-a-school-based-childhood-sexual-assault-prevention-program
#8
Matthew C Morris, Chrystyna D Kouros, Kim Janecek, Rachel Freeman, Alyssa Mielock, Judy Garber
Childhood sexual abuse (CSA) is highly prevalent and associated with a wide variety of negative mental and physical health outcomes. School-based CSA education and prevention programs have shown promise, but it is unclear to what extent community-level characteristics are related to their effectiveness. The present cluster randomized controlled trial evaluated community-level moderators of the Safe@Lastprogramcomparedtoawaitlistcontrolcondition.(*) Knowledge gains from pre- to post-intervention were assessed in 5 domains: safe versus unsafe people; safe choices; problem-solving; clear disclosure; and assertiveness...
November 24, 2016: Child Abuse & Neglect
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27889563/parent-and-peer-pathways-linking-childhood-experiences-of-abuse-with-marijuana-use-in-adolescence-and-adulthood
#9
W Alex Mason, M Jean Russo, Mary B Chmelka, Roy C Herrenkohl, Todd I Herrenkohl
INTRODUCTION: The social developmental processes by which child maltreatment increases risk for marijuana use are understudied. This study examined hypothesized parent and peer pathways linking preschool abuse and sexual abuse with adolescent and adult marijuana use. METHODS: Analyses used data from the Lehigh Longitudinal Study. Measures included child abuse (physical abuse, emotional abuse, domestic violence, and neglect) in preschool, sexual abuse up to age 18, adolescent (average age=18years) parental attachment and peer marijuana approval/use, as well as adolescent and adult (average age=36years) marijuana use...
November 17, 2016: Addictive Behaviors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27886518/maltreatment-family-environment-and-social-risk-factors-determinants-of-the-child-welfare-to-juvenile-justice-transition-among-maltreated-children-and-adolescents
#10
Sarah Vidal, Dana Prince, Christian M Connell, Colleen M Caron, Joy S Kaufman, Jacob K Tebes
This study prospectively examines the transition from the child welfare system into the juvenile justice system among 10,850 maltreated children and adolescents and explores how patterns of risks, including severity and chronicity of maltreatment, adverse family environment, and social risk factors, affect service systems transition. Almost three percent of maltreated children and adolescents had their first juvenile justice adjudication within an average of approximately six years of their initial child protective services investigation (CPS)...
November 22, 2016: Child Abuse & Neglect
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27885942/enlarged-subarachnoid-spaces-and-intracranial-hemorrhage-in-children-with-accidental-head-trauma
#11
Amanda K Fingarson, Maura E Ryan, Suzanne G McLone, Corey Bregman, Emalee G Flaherty
OBJECTIVE Benign external hydrocephalus (BEH) is an enlargement of the subarachnoid spaces (SASs) that can be seen in young children. It is controversial whether children with BEH are predisposed to developing subdural hemorrhage (SDH) with or without trauma. This issue is clinically relevant as a finding of unexplained SDH raises concerns about child abuse and often prompts child protection and law enforcement investigations. METHODS This retrospective study included children (1-24 months of age) who underwent head CT scanning after an accidental fall of less than 6 feet...
November 25, 2016: Journal of Neurosurgery. Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27885148/injury-interiority-and-isolation-in-men-s-suicidality
#12
John L Oliffe, Genevieve Creighton, Steve Robertson, Alex Broom, Emily K Jenkins, John S Ogrodniczuk, Olivier Ferlatte
Men's high suicide rates have been linked to individual risk factors including history of being abused as a child, single marital status, and financial difficulties. While it has also been suggested that the normative influences of hegemonic masculinities are implicated in men's suicide, the gendered experiences of male suicidality are poorly understood. In the current photovoice study, 20 men who previously had suicidal thoughts, plans, and/or attempts were interviewed as a means to better understanding the connections between masculinities and their experiences of suicidality...
November 23, 2016: American Journal of Men's Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27884953/postpartum-domestic-violence-in-homes-with-young-children-the-role-of-maternal-and-paternal-drinking
#13
Elizabeth A Mumford, Weiwei Liu, Hannah Joseph
There has been limited investigation of mothers' drinking patterns and their experience of domestic abuse while parenting young children, especially in the context of co-resident fathers' drinking. Using data representative of the 2001 U.S. birth cohort, the authors conducted longitudinal latent class analyses of maternal drinking over four perinatal time points as predictors of maternal victimization at 2 years postpartum due to intimate partner violence. Women classified as higher risk drinkers over the study period faced significantly increased risk of physical abuse while parenting a 2-year-old child...
November 23, 2016: Violence Against Women
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27884508/adverse-childhood-experiences-and-behavioral-problems-in-middle-childhood
#14
Tenah K A Hunt, Lawrence M Berger, Kristen S Slack
Children who have been exposed to maltreatment and other adverse childhood experiences (ACEs) are at increased risk for various negative adult health outcomes, including cancer, liver disease, substance abuse, and depression. However, the proximal associations between ACEs and behavioral outcomes during the middle childhood years have been understudied. In addition, many of the ACE studies contain methodological limitations such as reliance on retrospective reports and limited generalizability to populations of lower socioeconomic advantage...
November 21, 2016: Child Abuse & Neglect
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27882860/is-child-sexual-abuse-declining-in-canada-results-from-nationally-representative-retrospective-surveys
#15
M Shields, L Tonmyr, W Hovdestad
INTRODUCTION: Numerous data sources suggest a decline in child sexual abuse (CSA) in the United States since the early 1990s. Some evidence also indicates that an earlier period of higher CSA incidence began following World War II. This study examines prevalence estimates of sexual abuse reported retrospectively as having occurred in childhood (ChSA) in two nationally representative surveys of the Canadian population. METHODS: Data are from 13 931 respondents aged 18 to 76 years from the 2004/2005 Canadian Gender, Alcohol, and Culture: An International Study (GENACIS), and from 22 169 household residents aged 18 years or older who participated in the 2012 Canadian Community Health Survey-Mental Health (CCHS-MH)...
November 2016: Health Promotion and Chronic Disease Prevention in Canada
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27882208/maternal-separation-and-the-risk-of-drug-abuse-in-later-life
#16
REVIEW
Fatemeh Delavari, Vahid Sheibani, Saeed Esmaeili-Mahani, Nouzar Nakhaee
Maternal separation (MS) is defined as the termination of the continuity of mother-child relationship after the relationship is established. Although MS and maternal deprivation are different in terms of their definitions, these two terms are usually used interchangeably. This review aims to investigate the effect of MS on drug intake in adulthood. It has been proved that animal models are helpful in evaluating the effects of MS on drug intake risk in adulthood. There are relatively acceptable studies in this field on some drugs such as morphine, ethanol, and cocaine...
April 2016: Addiction & Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27881240/risk-factors-for-fatal-and-non-fatal-child-maltreatment-in-families-previously-investigated-by-cps-a-case-control-study
#17
Sheridan Miyamoto, Patrick S Romano, Emily Putnam-Hornstein, Holly Thurston, Madan Dharmar, Jill G Joseph
The objective of this study was to identify individual, family and caregiver risk factors for serious child maltreatment, resulting in hospitalization or death, among children and families investigated by Child Protective Services (CPS). We conducted a matched case-control study of 234 children who sustained fatal or serious nonfatal maltreatment due to physical abuse or neglect and whose mother was named in a CPS investigation between 1999 and 2013. A total of 702 children and their caregivers were included in the study with 234 cases matched 2:1,resulting in 468 controls...
November 20, 2016: Child Abuse & Neglect
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27879185/-an-integrated-approach-including-paediatric-and-forensic-medical-expertise-on-suspicion-of-child-abuse
#18
M C M Schouten, W A Karst, H F van der Stel, A H Teeuw, E M van de Putte
A false accusation of child abuse has a major impact on child and family. Conversely, a missed diagnosis of child abuse may have significant and lifelong consequences for the child. For health professionals the assessment of the nature of the injury and differentiating between accidental and inflicted injury, disease manifestation or a physiological phenomenon can be challenging. For adequate determination of the cause of injury, an integrated approach including paediatric knowledge and forensic medical expertise is essential...
2016: Nederlands Tijdschrift Voor Geneeskunde
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27879177/-retinal-haemorrhages-as-a-symptom-of-child-abuse
#19
C M L van den Hoven, F M C van Berkestijn, I M B Russel-Kampschoer, W A Karst, E S M Voskuil-Kerkhof
Inflicted traumatic brain injury (ITBI) - a possible result of child abuse - is difficult to diagnose, yet the diagnosis bears great impact on patients and their relatives. The purpose of this paper is to describe ophthalmologic findings that can be seen in relation to ITBI. For exemplification, three different cases are described in detail. ITBI is diagnosed through a multidisciplinary approach by exclusion of other causes that could explain the clinical findings, and by linking factors that together raise a high suspicion of ITBI...
2016: Nederlands Tijdschrift Voor Geneeskunde
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27878826/a-multifaceted-risk-analysis-of-fathers-self-reported-physical-violence-toward-their-children
#20
Noora Ellonen, Kirsi Peltonen, Tarja Pösö, Staffan Janson
Existing research has shown that child maltreatment is carried out by both mothers and fathers. There is also an extensive body of literature analyzing reasons for mothers' violent behavior. Among fathers, reasons are less well studied, resulting in the lack of a comprehensive picture of paternal child abuse. In this study, 20 child-, parent-, and family-related factors have been included in a combined analysis to assess which of these may pose a risk for fathers' severe violent behavior toward their children...
November 23, 2016: Aggressive Behavior
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