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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29029215/child-sexual-abuse-and-depression-in-late-life-for-men-a-population-based-longitudinal-analysis
#1
Scott D Easton, Jooyoung Kong, Matt C Gregas, Ce Shen, Kevin Shafer
Objective: Research investigating long-term effects of childhood sexual abuse (CSA) on mental health for men is vastly underdeveloped. This study strengthened the knowledge base by examining: (a) long-term trajectories of depressive symptoms for men with and without a history of CSA, and (b) moderating effects of social support over time. Method: We analyzed multiple waves of data from the Wisconsin Longitudinal Study. The sample (N = 2,451) consisted of men with histories of CSA and a stratified, randomly sampled comparison group...
September 27, 2017: Journals of Gerontology. Series B, Psychological Sciences and Social Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29021012/the-role-of-entitlement-self-control-and-risk-behaviors-on-dating-violence-perpetration
#2
Kimberly A Tyler, Rachel M Schmitz, Colleen M Ray, Leslie Gordon Simons
Dating violence continues to be pervasive among college students (Stappenbeck & Fromme, 2010). Given the paucity ofresearch investigating the various pathways through which risk factors are linked to dating violence among different college campuses, we use multiple group path analysis to examine the role of child abuse, self-control, entitlement, and risky behaviors on dating violence perpetration among college students from one Southeastern and one Midwestern university. There were 1,482 college students (51% female) enrolled in undergraduate courses at 2 large public universities who completed paper and pencil surveys...
October 11, 2017: Violence and Victims
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29020793/sexual-abuse-of-children-with-learning-disabilities
#3
Jesse J Helton, Tatiana Gochez-Kerr, Ellen Gruber
Although children with a learning disability (LD) are at an increased risk of sexual abuse, it is unclear whether conditions specific to their impairment are associated with sexual assault or if risk derives from other comorbid conditions such as behavioral problems, social skill deficits, or loneliness. Using a national probability study of child maltreatment investigations in the United States ( n = 2,033), we hypothesized that children over the age of 4 with a LD are target congruent to a sexual perpetrator...
January 1, 2017: Child Maltreatment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29020792/the-good-old-days-of-courtroom-questioning-changes-in-the-format-of-child-cross-examination-questions-over-60-years
#4
Rachel Zajac, Nina Westera, Andy Kaladelfos
Recent decades have seen an explosion of research into children's eyewitness capabilities and resulted in legal reform to render the adversarial trial process more child friendly. Many, however, have been left with the feeling that the most intimidating legal process for child complainants-cross-examination-has not changed meaningfully despite its potential to distort children's evidence. To test this possibility, we compared the cross-examination questioning of Australian child sexual abuse complainants in the 1950s to that used in contemporary cases...
January 1, 2017: Child Maltreatment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29019723/accidental-hanging-injuries-in-children-recognition-and-management
#5
Siba P Paul, Ruby Paul, Paul A Heaton
Accidental hanging is rare in childhood but is often fatal. Window blind cords pose a particular and unique risk to young children in the UK, accounting for one to two deaths annually. These accidents are frequently associated with non-adherence to the safety instructions provided by the manufacturers. Early discovery of the child and initiation of effective cardiopulmonary resuscitation at the site of the incident are likely to improve the outcome. Prolonged suspension, children who are pulseless at first contact by the emergency paramedic responder, and patients with prolonged periods of remaining in asystole before return of spontaneous circulation after starting cardiopulmonary resuscitation are unlikely to have intact neurological survival...
October 2, 2017: British Journal of Hospital Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29018790/synergistic-effects-of-unintended-pregnancy-and-young-motherhood-on-shaking-and-smothering-of-infants-among-caregivers-in-nagoya-city-japan
#6
Aya Isumi, Takeo Fujiwara
BACKGROUND: Shaking and smothering in response to infant crying are forms of child abuse that often result in death. Unintended pregnancy and young motherhood are risk factors of such child maltreatment that are often comorbid, few studies have examined their synergistic effect on shaking and smothering of infants. We examined the synergistic effects of unintended pregnancy and young motherhood on shaking and smothering among caregivers of infants in Japan. METHODS: In this retrospective cohort study, a questionnaire was administered to caregivers enrolled for a health check for 3- to 4-month-old infants between October 2013 and February 2014 in Nagoya City, Japan...
2017: Frontiers in Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29017641/family-matters-examining-child-abuse-and-neglect-as-family-dysfunction-for-minority-youth-living-in-extreme-poverty
#7
Richard Spano, Michael A David, Sara R Jeffries, John M Bolland
Two competing models of child abuse and neglect (scapegoat vs. family dysfunction) are used to illustrate how the specification of victims ("index" victim vs. all children in household) from incidents of child abuse and neglect can be used to improve estimates of maltreatment for at-risk minority youth. Child Protection Services records were searched in 2005 for 366 "index" victims who were surveyed for 5 consecutive years (from 1998 to 2002) for the Mobile Youth Survey as well as other siblings in the household...
October 10, 2017: Violence and Victims
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29017333/predicting-sexual-revictimization-in-childhood-and-adolescence-a-longitudinal-examination-using-ecological-systems-theory
#8
Samantha L Pittenger, Jessica K Pogue, David J Hansen
A substantial proportion of sexual abuse victims report repeat sexual victimization within childhood or adolescence; however, there is limited understanding of factors contributing to revictimization for youth. Thus, the present study examined predictors of sexual revictimization prior to adulthood using ecological systems theory. Records of 1,915 youth presenting to a Child Advocacy Center (CAC) were reviewed to identify individual, familial, and community factors as well as initial abuse characteristics associated with risk for revictimization...
January 1, 2017: Child Maltreatment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29017083/social-workers-views-on-pre-trial-therapy-in-cases-of-child-sexual-abuse-in-south-africa
#9
Ansie Fouché, Liana M P le Roux
This study sought to explore anecdotal reports that social workers in South Africa are often advised to postpone therapy with child complainants of sexual abuse until after the child's testimony, based on concerns of legal professionals that therapeutic interventions could influence the child's testimony. Applying purposive sampling and a qualitative research study, individual and focus group interviews were conducted with 18 social workers and one psychologist that provide therapeutic services to child complainants of sexual abuse in the Gauteng province...
October 7, 2017: Child Abuse & Neglect
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29016259/assessing-dangerousness-domestic-violence-offenders-and-child-abusers-3-rd-ed
#10
Crystal D Lane
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 2017: Issues in Mental Health Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28994366/-child-abuse-and-neglect-in-france-finally-recognize-its-individual-and-societal-impact
#11
EDITORIAL
Anne Tursz
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 2017: Médecine Sciences: M/S
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28992959/a-national-survey-of-characteristics-of-child-advocacy-centers-in-the-united-states-do-the-flagship-models-match-those-in-broader-practice
#12
James Leslie Herbert, Wendy Walsh, Leah Bromfield
Child Advocacy Centers (CAC) emphasize developing effective cross-agency collaborations between workers involved in serious abuse investigations to foster improvements in agency outcomes, and to minimize distress, confusion and uncertainty for children and families. This study examined the characteristics of CACs, whether models in practice match the predominant model presented in the research literature. Directors of CACs in the United States that were members of the National Children's Alliance (NCA) mailing list (n=361) completed an online survey in 2016...
October 6, 2017: Child Abuse & Neglect
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28992513/evaluation-of-second-step-child-protection-videos-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#13
Amanda B Nickerson, Jennifer A Livingston, Kimberly Kamper-DeMarco
This randomized controlled trial (RCT) examined the effects of the Second Step Child Protection Unit videos on parents' knowledge, motivation, and self-reported communication with their child about personal safety and childhood sexual abuse prevention. Parents of children between the ages of 3-11 years were randomly assigned to the intervention (watching the Second Step videos) or the control (watching videos on child obesity) groups. They completed measures assessing their knowledge of child sexual abuse (CSA), motivation to discuss CSA, self-reported discussions of CSA, child history of victimization, parent exposure to CSA, and comparable measures on topics of health and nutrition at pre-test...
October 6, 2017: Child Abuse & Neglect
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28992512/predictors-of-having-a-first-child-taken-into-care-at-birth-a-population-based-retrospective-cohort-study
#14
Elizabeth Wall-Wieler, Leslie L Roos, Marni Brownell, Nathan C Nickel, Dan Chateau
The objective of this study is to determine which maternal events and diagnoses in the two years before childbirth are associated with higher risk for having a first child taken into care at birth by child protection services. A population-based retrospective cohort of women whose first child was born in Manitoba, Canada between 2002 and 2012 and lived in the province at least two years before the birth of their first child (n=53,565) was created using linkable administrative data. A logistic regression model determined the adjusted odds ratios (AOR) of having a child taken into care at birth...
October 5, 2017: Child Abuse & Neglect
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28991148/recollections-of-emotional-abuse-and-neglect-in-childhood-as-risk-factors-for-depressive-disorders-and-the-need-for-psychotherapy-in-adult-life
#15
Eva Neumann
Theoretical and empirical works have pointed out that depression comes along with adverse interpersonal experiences in childhood and adult life. The purpose of this study was to explore whether past and current experiences differ in their relevance for depression. A clinical group of 80 psychotherapy patients diagnosed with a depressive disorder was contrasted with a control group of 111 nondepressed patients from somatic facilities. Child abuse, neglect, and adult attachment dimensions were measured with self-report scales...
October 5, 2017: Journal of Nervous and Mental Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28990880/older-adults-affected-by-polyvictimization-a-review-of-early-research
#16
Holly Ramsey-Klawsnik
In contrast to work within the child abuse field, polyvictimization of older adults did not become a focus of professional attention until this decade. Despite this lack of formal identification, a search of the research and practice literature revealed that prior research investigating single forms of or other elder abuse issues contained evidence of what was variously termed "multiple," "multi-faceted," "co-occurring," or "hybrid" elder abuse. A wide range of victims (1.4% to 89.7%) identified in existing elder abuse studies was found to have experienced what constitutes "polyvictimization...
October 9, 2017: Journal of Elder Abuse & Neglect
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28990638/emotional-and-psychosocial-problems-encountered-by-children-who-have-been-sexually-abused
#17
Şerife Tutar Güven, Ayşegül İşler Dalgiç, Zerrin Erkol
The current descriptive analysis sought to identify the emotional and psychosocial problems experienced by children who have been sexually abused. Of 518 children with a history of sexual abuse who applied to the Child Protection Center, 443 were included in the study. Approximately 71.6% of children were subject to sexual abuse entailing penetration, whereas 69% were subject to sexual abuse not entailing penetration. After-effects reported included despair (46.5%), fear of reoccurrence of the incident (52...
October 6, 2017: Journal of Psychosocial Nursing and Mental Health Services
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28990206/child-maltreatment-and-eating-disorders-among-men-and-women-in-adulthood-results-from-a-nationally-representative-united-states-sample
#18
Tracie O Afifi, Jitender Sareen, Janique Fortier, Tamara Taillieu, Sarah Turner, Kristene Cheung, Christine A Henriksen
OBJECTIVE: Child maltreatment is associated with an increased likelihood of having mood disorders, anxiety disorders, post-traumatic stress disorder, substance use disorders, and personality disorders, but far less is known about eating disorders. The objective of the current study was to examine the associations between child maltreatment, including harsh physical punishment, physical abuse, sexual abuse, emotional abuse, emotional neglect, physical neglect, and exposure to intimate partner violence, and eating disorders in adulthood among men and women...
October 9, 2017: International Journal of Eating Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28988731/the-australian-royal-commission-into-institutional-responses-to-child-sexual-abuse-and-the-roman-catholic-church
#19
Thomas P Doyle
The Australian Royal Commission into Institutional Responses to Child Sexual Abuse received more reports of sexual abuse of minors from victims of personnel from the Catholic Church than from any other source. It looked beyond the circumstances of the individual reports, to the response of Church leaders. It then took the inquiry to the more fundamental issue of the elements of the Church's structure and its unique culture that enabled sexual abuse and supported the hierarchy's counter-productive responses...
October 6, 2017: Child Abuse & Neglect
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28985958/a-scoping-review-of-evidence-based-interventions-available-to-parents-of-maltreated-children-ages-0-5-involved-with-child-welfare-services
#20
Ashley L Landers, Alan McLuckie, Robin Cann, Valerie Shapiro, Sarah Visintini, Bruce MacLaurin, Nico Trocmé, Michael Saini, Normand J Carrey
Parents referred to child welfare services for child maltreatment often struggle against chronic risk factors including violence, substance abuse, mental health concerns, and poverty, which impinge upon their ability to be sensitive caregivers. The first line of intervention within the child welfare context is to modify parenting behavior. This scoping review comprehensively surveyed all available literature to map the extent and range of research activity around the types of interventions available within a child welfare context to parents of infants and toddlers (0-5 years of age), to identify the facilitators and/or barriers to the uptake of interventions, and to check that interventions match the risk factors faced by parents...
October 3, 2017: Child Abuse & Neglect
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