keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Pediatric cardiac transplant

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29888518/epidemiology-and-outcomes-of-pretransplant-methicillin-resistant-staphylococcus-aureus-screening-in-pediatric-solid-organ-transplant-candidates
#1
Grant Paulsen, Samantha Blum, Lara Danziger-Isakov
MRSA infection following SOT is an important cause of morbidity and mortality, but epidemiology and risk factors for colonization prior to pediatric SOT remain unclear. A retrospective cohort of SOT patients ≤21 years of age from 2009 to 2014 was evaluated. Demographics, MRSA screens, timing of transplantation, and MRSA infection were abstracted. From 2013 to 2014, 130 SOT candidates were screened or had known prior MRSA infection. Seventeen patients (13%) were MRSA colonized. Liver transplant candidates were least likely to be colonized (OR 0...
June 11, 2018: Pediatric Transplantation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29887441/potential-for-and-timing-of-recovery-in-children-with-dilated-cardiomyopathy
#2
Matthew J Fenton, Philippa Horne, Jacob Simmonds, Sophie L Neligan, Rachel E Andrews, Michael Burch
OBJECTIVE: Understanding the clinical course and time-frame for recovery is helpful to guide management and counselling following a diagnosis of Dilated Cardiomyopathy (DCM). We aimed to document outcomes and time to recovery for a cohort of patients with a dilated cardiomyopathy phenotype. METHODS: An observational cohort methodology was used to collect retrospective data from the departmental database for those identified with DCM. Data relating to mode of presentation, echocardiographic parameters, clinical management and outcome were collated and analysed...
September 1, 2018: International Journal of Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29807773/preclinical-performance-of-a-pediatric-mechanical-circulatory-support-device-the-pediaflow-ventricular-assist-device
#3
Salim E Olia, Peter D Wearden, Timothy M Maul, Venkat Shankarraman, Ergin Kocyildirim, Shaun T Snyder, Patrick M Callahan, Marina V Kameneva, William R Wagner, Harvey S Borovetz, James F Antaki
OBJECTIVES: The PediaFlow (HeartWare International, Inc, Framingham, Mass) is a miniature, implantable, rotodynamic, fully magnetically levitated, continuous-flow pediatric ventricular assist device. The fourth-generation PediaFlow was evaluated in vitro and in vivo to characterize performance and biocompatibility. METHODS: Supported by 2 National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute contract initiatives to address the limited options available for pediatric patients with congenital or acquired cardiac disease, the PediaFlow was developed with the intent to provide chronic cardiac support for infants as small as 3 kg...
April 21, 2018: Journal of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29806474/-perioperative-use-of-levosimendan-in-cardiac-surgery-hungarian-recommendation
#4
László Szudi, László Székely, Erzsébet Sápi, Zsolt Prodán, Jenő Szolnoky, Ákos Csomós, Noémi Nyolczas, Erzsébet Paulovich, Endre Németh, István Hartyánszky, Endre Zima, Balázs Sax, Andrea Bertalan, László Hejjel, Gábor Bogáts, Barna Babik, Károly Gombocz, Tamás Szerafin, György Koszta, Andrea Molnár
Low output syndrome significantly increases morbidity and mortality of cardiac surgery and lengthens the durations of intensive care unit and hospital stays. Its treatment by catecholamines can lead to undesirable systemic and cardiac complications. Levosimendan is a calcium sensitiser and adenosine triphosphate (ATP)-sensitive potassium channel (IK,ATP ) opener agent. Due to these effects, it improves myocardium performance, does not influence adversely the balance between O2 supply and demand, and possesses cardioprotective and organ protective properties as well...
June 2018: Orvosi Hetilap
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29764117/risk-factor-analysis-for-secondary-malignancy-in-dexrazoxane-treated-pediatric-cancer-patients
#5
Hyery Kim, Hyoung Jin Kang, Kyung Duk Park, Kyung-Nam Koh, Ho Joon Im, Jong Jin Seo, Jae Wook Lee, Nack-Gyun Chung, Bin Cho, Hack Ki Kim, Jae Min Lee, Jeong Ok Hah, Jun Ah Lee, Young Ho Lee, Sang Kyu Park, Hee Jo Baek, Hoon Kook, Ji Yoon Kim, Heung Sik Kim, Hwang Min Kim, Hee Won Chueh, Meerim Park, Hoi Soo Yoon, Mee Jeong Lee, Hyoung Soo Choi, Hyo Seop Ahn, Yoshifumi Kawano, Ji Won Park, Seokyung Hahn, Hee Young Shin
Purpose: Dexrazoxane has been used as an effective cardioprotector against anthracycline cardiotoxicity. This study intended to analyze cardioprotective efficacy and secondary malignancy development, and elucidate risk factors for secondary malignancies in dexrazoxane-treated pediatric patients. Materials and Methods: Data was collected from 15 hospitals in Korea. Patients who received any anthracyclines, and completed treatment without stem cell transplantation were included...
May 14, 2018: Cancer Research and Treatment: Official Journal of Korean Cancer Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29762251/prospective-assessment-of-adenovirus-infection-in-pediatric-kidney-transplant-recipients
#6
Rachel M Engen, Meei-Li Huang, Giulia E Park, Jodi M Smith, Ajit P Limaye
BACKGROUND: Adenovirus infection is associated with graft dysfunction and graft loss in pediatric cardiac, lung, and liver transplants in prior retrospective studies, but data in pediatric kidney transplant recipients is limited. METHODS: We conducted a prospective single-center cohort study of 75 consecutive pediatric kidney transplant recipients who underwent monthly screening for adenovirus viremia and symptom assessment for 2 years posttransplant. RESULTS: Adenovirus viremia was detected in 11 (14...
May 2, 2018: Transplantation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29760372/a-review-of-induction-with-rabbit-antithymocyte-globulin-in-pediatric-heart-transplant-recipients
#7
Martin Schweiger, Andreas Zuckermann, Andres Beiras-Fernandez, Michael Berchtolld-Herz, Udo Boeken, Jens Garbade, Stephan Hirt, Manfred Richter, Arjang Ruhpawar, Jan Dieter Schmitto, Felix Schönrath, Rene Schramm, Uwe Schulz, Markus J Wilhelm, Markus J Barten
Pediatric heart transplantation (pHTx) represents only a small proportion of cardiac transplants. Due to these low numbers, clinical data relating to induction therapy in this special population are far less extensive than for adults. Induction is used more widely in pHTx than in adults, mainly because of early steroid withdrawal or complete steroid avoidance. Antithymocyte globulin (ATG) is the most frequent choice for induction in pHTx, and rabbit antithymocyte globulin (rATG, Thymoglobulin®) (Sanofi Genzyme) is the most widely-used ATG preparation...
May 15, 2018: Annals of Transplantation: Quarterly of the Polish Transplantation Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29757759/mechanical-circulatory-support-of-the-right-ventricle-for-adult-and-pediatric-patients-with-heart-failure
#8
Steven G Chopski, Nohra M Murad, Carson S Fox, Randy M Stevens, Amy L Throckmorton
The clinical implementation of mechanical circulatory assistance for a significantly dysfunctional or failing left ventricle as a bridge-to-transplant or bridge-to-recovery is on the rise. Thousands of patients with left-sided heart failure are readily benefitting from these life-saving technologies, and left ventricular failure often leads to severe right ventricular dysfunction or failure. Right ventricular failure (RVF) has a high rate of mortality caused by the risk of multisystem organ failure and prolonged hospitalization for patients after treatment...
May 10, 2018: ASAIO Journal: a Peer-reviewed Journal of the American Society for Artificial Internal Organs
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29753542/children-with-chronic-disease-bear-the-highest-burden-of-pediatric-sepsis
#9
Andrew J Prout, Victor B Talisa, Joseph A Carcillo, Florian B Mayr, Derek C Angus, Christopher W Seymour, Chung-Chou H Chang, Sachin Yende
OBJECTIVE: To describe the contemporary epidemiology of pediatric sepsis in children with chronic disease, and the contribution of chronic diseases to mortality. We examined the incidence and hospital mortality of pediatric sepsis in a nationally representative sample and described the contribution of chronic diseases to hospital mortality. STUDY DESIGN: We analyzed the 2013 Nationwide Readmissions Database using a retrospective cohort design. We included non-neonatal patients <19 years of age hospitalized with sepsis...
May 9, 2018: Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29744993/paroxysmal-complete-atrioventricular-block-in-pediatric-heart-transplant-recipients-following-cardiac-catheterization-a-case-series
#10
Defne A Magnetta, Brian Feingold, Lee B Beerman, Brian Blasiole, Gaurav Arora
Late-onset paroxysmal AVB has been described as a rare complication after HT and has been associated with AR or CAV. We describe 4 pediatric HT recipients who developed paroxysmal AVB hours after routine cardiac catheterization in the absence of AR, CAV, or underlying conduction system disease. Four pediatric HT recipients who were >1 year post-transplant had episodes of paroxysmal AVB hours after surveillance cardiac catheterization with EMB. Telemetry demonstrated high-grade block, ranging from 2:1 AVB to complete AVB without ventricular escape for several seconds...
May 10, 2018: Pediatric Transplantation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29744657/transcatheter-intervention-of-coronary-obstructions-in-infants-children-and-young-adults
#11
Ryan Callahan, James E Lock, Pinak B Shah, Audrey C Marshall
This study assesses the characteristics of coronary obstructions that underwent transcatheter intervention in a pediatric catheterization laboratory, the procedural details, and patient outcomes. Acute cardiac failure due to coronary obstructions in children is rare. The role of catheter based intervention is largely unreported. Single center retrospective review between January 2000 and December 2016. Thirty-three patients (median age 2y/o [0-38], weighing 9.6 kg [2.2-91]) underwent 39 transcatheter interventions on 39 lesions, mainly left main coronary (16/39; 39%) and right coronary (9/39; 23%) arteries...
May 9, 2018: Pediatric Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29710196/long-term-outcomes-of-pediatric-onset-hypertrophic-cardiomyopathy-and-age-specific-risk-factors-for-lethal-arrhythmic-events
#12
Niccolò Maurizi, Silvia Passantino, Gaia Spaziani, Francesca Girolami, Anna Arretini, Mattia Targetti, Iva Pollini, Alessia Tomberli, Silvia Pradella, Giovanni Battista Calabri, Veronica Vinattieri, Bruno Bertaccini, Ornella Leone, Luciano De Simone, Claudio Rapezzi, Niccolò Marchionni, Franco Cecchi, Silvia Favilli, Iacopo Olivotto
Importance: Predictors of lethal arrhythmic events (LAEs) after a pediatric diagnosis of hypertrophic cardiomyopathy (HCM) are unresolved. Existing algorithms for risk stratification are limited to patients older than 16 years because of a lack of data on younger individuals. Objective: To describe the long-term outcome of pediatric-onset HCM and identify age-specific arrhythmic risk factors. Design, Setting, and Participants: This study assessed patients with pediatric-onset hypertrophic cardiomyopathy diagnosed from 1974 to 2016 in 2 national referral centers for cardiomyopathies in Florence, Italy...
April 18, 2018: JAMA Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29664502/hospital-acquired-hyponatremia-does-the-type-of-fluid-therapy-affect-children-admitted-to-intensive-care
#13
Pilar Velasco, Andrés J Alcaraz, Niki Oikonomopoulou, Marina Benito, Raquel Moya, Álvaro Sánchez
INTRODUCTION: The objective of this study was to evaluate the association between the type of initial fluid therapy used (isotonic or hypotonic solutions) and the development of hyponatremia, the plas ma chlorine values and the tolerance of venous access. PATIENTS AND METHOD: Retrospective cohort study in a Pediatric Intensive Care Unit (PICU) of a high complexity hospital. There were included children younger than 15 years old hospitalized during the first semester of 2010 and 2013 who recei ved intravenous maintenance fluid therapy, excluding patients undergoing cardiac surgery, kidney transplant and admissions that lasted less than 24 hours...
February 2018: Revista Chilena de Pediatría
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29602613/noninvasive-echocardiographic-measures-of-pulmonary-vascular-resistance-in-children-and-young-adults-with-cardiomyopathy
#14
Dor Markush, Robert D Ross, Ronald Thomas, Sanjeev Aggarwal
BACKGROUND: Patients with cardiomyopathy (CM) are at increased risk for pulmonary hypertension (PH). Data are lacking on the use of noninvasive PH measures by echocardiography in patients with CM. The aim of this study was to evaluate the correlation between Doppler-derived echocardiographic indices and catheterization-based measurement of pulmonary vascular resistance (PVR) in children and young adults with CM. METHODS: Imaging studies were retrospectively reviewed from pediatric patients with CM who underwent both echocardiography and cardiac catheterization within a 72-hour period...
March 27, 2018: Journal of the American Society of Echocardiography
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29595892/pediatric-perioperative-nurses-and-the-ethics-of-organ-donation-after-cardiac-death
#15
Elizabeth A Austin, Pamela Lovett, Wendy C Moore, Ingrid Zuzarte
Pediatric perioperative nurses are experiencing increased opportunities to participate in donations after cardiac death. An increased public awareness regarding transplantation has inspired more people to donate than in previous years. The demand for transplantable organs has led to opportunities that have increased donor candidates including living donors and cardiac death donors. Cardiac death in children is often sudden and unexpected, and is an emotional time not only for the family members but also for the hospital staff members, including perioperative nurses...
April 2018: AORN Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29587521/orthotopic-heart-transplantation-in-children
#16
Nagarajan Muthialu
Heart transplantation is a relatively infrequent but technically demanding procedure in pediatric cardiac surgery. Orthotopic heart transplantation is often offered to older children or adolescents following multiple previous operations, but with advances in intensive care, diagnostics, and management, more infants with complex congenital heart diseases are being listed for transplantation. Primary cardiomyopathies remain the most common indication. Outcomes following cardiothoracic transplantation have improved steadily in recent times...
May 2018: Asian Cardiovascular & Thoracic Annals
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29581480/late-cardiovascular-morbidity-and-mortality-following-pediatric-allogeneic-hematopoietic-cell-transplantation
#17
Christine N Duncan, Ruta Brazauskas, Jiaxing Huang, Bronwen E Shaw, Navneet S Majhail, Bipin N Savani, Mary E D Flowers, Minoo Battiwalla, Kristen Beebe, Andrew C Dietz, Christopher C Dvorak, Roger Giller, David A Jacobsohn, Morris Kletzel, Paul L Martin, Eneida R Nemecek, Brandon Nuechterlein, Julie-An Talano, Michael A Pulsipher, K Scott Baker
We analyzed late cardiovascular outcomes of 661 patients who survived at least 2 years from hematopoietic cell transplantation for childhood hematologic malignancy between 1995 and 2008. Center for International Blood and Marrow Transplant Research data was supplemented with surveys focused on cardiotoxicity and potential risk factors. The median duration of follow-up was 97 months (range 24-230). 4.2% of survivors experienced at least one of the primary outcomes including coronary artery disease (0.2%), cerebrovascular accident (0...
March 26, 2018: Bone Marrow Transplantation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29580908/-extracorporeal-life-support-and-heart-lung-transplant-in-children
#18
Sébastien Hascoet, Angèle Boet, Karine Nubret, Marc Lilot, Séverine Feuillet, Nadir Benbrik, Julien Guihaire, Emmanuel Le Bret, Elie Fadel, Virginie Fouilloux, Pascal Amedro, Lucile Houyel, Bernard Kreitmann
Extracorporeal life support and heart and/or lung transplant are the last resort in children with end-stage cardiac and/or pulmonary failure and short-term life threaten. Currently, circulatory support is used as a bridge to recovery or as a bridge to transplant but not as a destination therapy. The Excor Berlin Heart is the long-lasting external pneumatic ventricular assist system that is currently available from infancy to adulthood. Long-term prognosis after pediatric cardiac and/or pulmonary transplant is conditioned by the occurrence of graft failure, coronary disease of the cardiac graft, viral infections and bronchiolitis obliterans of the pulmonary graft, the incidence of which increase with time...
March 23, 2018: La Presse Médicale
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29564593/advances-in-heart-failure-therapy-in-pediatric-patients-with-dilated-cardiomyopathy
#19
REVIEW
Stefan Rupp, Christian Jux
While in adults major advances in heart failure therapy in patients with dilated cardiomyopathy were documented in the last two decades, research on the mechanism and therapies of heart failure in children with left ventricular dilated cardiomyopathy has lagged behind. Despite the lack of sufficient randomized prospective studies, ACE inhibitors are first line and ß-receptor antagonists are second-line strategies in children. Following the adult guidelines, without having data concerning the pediatric population, mineral corticoids are also accepted in the treatment of pediatric heart failure, while diuretics should only be used to achieve a euvolemic status...
March 22, 2018: Heart Failure Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29552945/predictors-of-poor-outcomes-in-pediatric-venoarterial-extracorporeal-membrane-oxygenation
#20
Maanasi S Mistry, Sara M Trucco, Timothy Maul, Mahesh S Sharma, Li Wang, Shawn West
BACKGROUND: Venoarterial extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (VA-ECMO) provides respiratory and hemodynamic support to pediatric patients in severe cardiac failure. We aim to identify risk factors associated with poorer outcomes in this population. METHODS: A retrospective chart review was conducted of pediatric patients requiring VA-ECMO support for cardiac indications at our institution from 2004 to 2015. Data were collected on demographics, indication, markers of cardiac output, ventricular assist device (VAD) insertion, heart transplantation, or left atrial (LA) decompression...
May 2018: World Journal for Pediatric & Congenital Heart Surgery
keyword
keyword
33417
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"